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Trauma Monthly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921020/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-fractures
#1
Mahnaz Yadollahi, Shahram Paydar, Haleh Ghaem, Mohammad Ghorbani, Seyed Mohsen Mousavi, Ali Taheri Akerdi, Eimen Jalili, Mohammad Hadi Niakan, Hossein Ali Khalili, Ali Haghnegahdar, Shahram Bolandparvaz
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology of cervical spine fractures (CSfx) in trauma patients of general population is not yet exclusively known. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of CSfx in trauma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from trauma patients admitted in the emergency room (ER) of Shiraz Shahid Rajaei hospital during the 3.5 years period from September 22, 2009 to March 21, 2013, were gathered. All trauma patients with CSfx and/or spinal cord injuries were included in the study...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921019/policies-on-protecting-vulnerable-people-during-disasters-in-iran-a-document-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Zahra Abbasi Dolatabadi, Hesam Seyedin, Aidin Aryankhesal
CONTEXT: Developing official protection policies for disasters is a main strategy in protecting vulnerable people. The aim of this study was to analyze official documents concerning policies on protecting vulnerable people during disasters. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: This study was conducted by the qualitative document analysis method. Documents were gathered by searching websites and referring to the organizations involved in disaster management. The documents were assessed by a researcher-made data collection form...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921018/comparison-of-the-protective-effects-of-erythropoietin-and-melatonin-on-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#3
Shokofeh Banaei, Nasser Ahmadiasl, Alireza Alihemmati
BACKGROUND: Renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) contributes to the development of acute renal failure (ARF). Oxygen free radicals are considered to be the principal components involved in the pathophysiological tissue alterations observed during renal IR. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we compared the effects of melatonin (MEL) and erythropoietin (EPO), both known antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents, on IR-induced renal injury in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar albino rats were unilaterally nephrectomized and then subjected to 45 minutes of renal pedicle occlusion followed by 24 hours of reperfusion...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921017/factors-impacting-mortality-in-the-pre-hospital-period-after-road-traffic-accidents-in-urban-india
#4
Ananthnarayan Chandrasekharan, Aditya J Nanavati, Sandhya Prabhakar, Subramaniam Prabhakar
BACKGROUND: India currently has the dubious distinction of experiencing the highest number of road traffic accidents in the world. OBJECTIVES: We believe that this study on road traffic accidents may help to identify factors in the pre-hospital setting that may influence mortality rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out in a metro area in India over a period of one year. The study included consecutive patients admitted to the trauma service after road traffic accidents...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921016/use-of-dexmedetomidine-and-esmolol-for-hypotension-in-lumbar-spine-surgery
#5
Ovais Nazir, Mushtaq Ahmad Wani, Nadeem Ali, Tarun Sharma, Amit Khatuja, Rajesh Misra, Mehreen Maqsood
BACKGROUND: The importance of decreasing bleeding in spine surgery is not only important to maintain the patient's hemodynamic balance but also allow a better view of the surgical field. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to compare dexmedetomidine and Esmololâ„¢ as agents to induce hypotension in lumbar spine surgeries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients aged 20 to 65 years belonging to the American society of anaesthesiologist (ASA) class I - II scheduled for decompression and fixation of the lumbar spine were included and divided into two groups namely, Group I, who received Esmolol and group II, who received dexmedetomidine, intravenously...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921015/pediatric-olecranon-fractures-associated-with-radial-neck-fractures-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#6
Kemal Gokkus, Ozkan Kose, Murat Saylik, Ergin Sagtas, Ahmet Turan Aydin
INTRODUCTION: The debate regarding the description on classification and nomenclature of the injury which includes olecranon fracture associated with radial neck fractures in children is ongoing. We report two pediatric cases that could not be classified in a Monteggia-equivalents system and were treated with open reduction and k-wire fixation. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review regarding pediatric radial neck fractures associated with olecranon fractures and presentation of two pediatric cases of olecranon fractures associated with radial neck fractures with radiocapitellar dislocation...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921014/fireworks-related-injuries-in-iran-a-survey-following-the-2014-new-year-s-festival-in-tabriz
#7
Samad Shams Vahdati, Jamil Hemmate Gadim, Hossein Mazouchian
BACKGROUND: Iranian people celebrate the last Wednesday eve of the year as Chaharshanbe Suri and use explosives and firecrackers as part of this festival. OBJECTIVES: This study concerned fireworks injuries related to the Chaharshanbe Suri festival in Tabriz, a provincial capital in East Azerbaijan, Iran, to evaluate the epidemiology and provide data to prevent and manage these accidents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was comprised of patients who were treated at the emergency department of Tabriz Sina hospital with burn injuries related to fireworks...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921013/changes-in-serum-level-of-vitamin-d-during-healing-of-tibial-and-femoral-shaft-fractures
#8
Hayat Ahmad Khan, Naseem Ul Gani, Nazia Hassan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626018/hospital-readmission-through-the-emergency-department
#9
Sadrollah Mahmoudi, Hamid Reza Taghipour, Hamid Reza Javadzadeh, Mohammad Reza Ghane, Hassan Goodarzi, Mohammad Hosein Kalantar Motamedi
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmission places a high burden on both health care systems and patients. Most readmissions are thought to be related to the quality of the health care system. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the causes and rates of early readmission in emergency department in a Tehran hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional investigation was performed to study readmission of inpatients at a large academic hospital in Tehran, Iran...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626017/blood-loss-estimation-using-gauze-visual-analogue
#10
Emran Ali Algadiem, Abdulmohsen Ali Aleisa, Huda Ibrahim Alsubaie, Noora Radhi Buhlaiqah, Jihad Bagir Algadeeb, Hussain Ali Alsneini
BACKGROUND: Estimating intraoperative blood loss can be a difficult task, especially when blood is mostly absorbed by gauze. In this study, we have provided an improved method for estimating blood absorbed by gauze. OBJECTIVES: To develop a guide to estimate blood absorbed by surgical gauze. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical experiment was conducted using aspirated blood and common surgical gauze to create a realistic amount of absorbed blood in the gauze...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626016/pre-hospital-emergency-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Mohammadkarim Bahadori, Fatemeh Ghardashi, Ahmad Reza Izadi, Ramin Ravangard, Sedigheh Mirhashemi, Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini
CONTEXT: Pre-hospital care plays a vital role in saving trauma patients. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to review studies conducted on the pre-hospital emergency status in Iran. DATA SOURCES: Data were sourced from Iranian electronic databases, including SID, IranMedex, IranDoc, Magiran, and non-Iranian electronic databases, such as Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Google Scholar. In addition, available data and statistics for the country were used...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626015/assessment-of-hospital-management-and-surge-capacity-in-disasters
#12
Hamidreza Shabanikiya, Hasan Abolghasem Gorgi, Hesam Seyedin, Mehdi Jafari
BACKGROUND: Hospital administrators play a key role in the effective management of surge capacity in disasters, but there is little information available about the characteristics required to manage this. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to identify characteristics of hospital administrators that are important in the effective management of surge capacity in disasters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a qualitative study. Semi-structured purposive interviews were conducted with 28 hospital administrators who had experience working in surge situations in hospitals during disasters...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626014/ensuring-carpal-tunnel-release-drop-in-rail-road-or-the-open-door-sign
#13
Hayat Ahmad Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626013/a-study-on-hospital-admissions-for-eye-trauma-in-kashan-iran
#14
Tayebeh Movahedinejad, Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery, Mohammad Reza Zahedi
BACKGROUND: Eye trauma is among the most common reasons for referral to hospital emergency departments and ophthalmologists' offices. It also is a common cause of vision loss worldwide. However, few studies are available on the changes in the epidemiology of eye trauma in Iran in recent years. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of hospital admissions for eye trauma in Kashan from August 2011 to February 2014. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on the hospital records of all patients with eye trauma who were admitted to Kashan's Matini hospital between August 2011 and February 2014...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626012/adaptation-of-traumatic-brain-injury-guidelines-in-iran
#15
REVIEW
Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Seyed Mohammad Ghodsi, Jalil Arabkheradmand, Abbas Amirjamshidi, Abdolreza Sheikhrezaei, Masoud Khadivi, Morteza Faghih Jouibari, Seyed Mahmood Tabatabaeifar, Guive Sharifi, Jalal Abbaszadeh Ahranjani, Farhad Motlagh Pirooz, Seyed Fakhredin Tavakoli, Parviz Mohit, Yadollah Alimohammadi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
CONTEXT: The National institute for health and care excellence (NICE) and scottish intercollegiate guidelines network (SIGN) are two well-known sources of clinical guideline development. In the past years, they have developed clinical guidelines for the management of head injury. In this report, we will highlight our modifications to these guidelines according to the domestic situation in a developing country. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The guidelines were appraised using the appraisal of guidelines for research and evaluation (AGREE) instrument...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626011/fixing-a-traumatic-sternal-fracture-using-stainless-steel-wires
#16
Hussein Elkhayat, Hager Nousseir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626010/surgical-management-of-tibial-plateau-fractures-with-3-5-mm-simple-plates
#17
Abolfazl Bagherifard, Mahmoud Jabalameli, Hosseinali Hadi, Mohammad Rahbar, Mohammadreza Minator Sajjadi, Ali Jahansouz, Hossein Karimi Heris
BACKGROUND: Tibial plateau fractures can be successfully fixed utilizing 3.5 mm locking plates. However, there are some disadvantages to using these plates. OBJECTIVES: In the current prospective study, we investigated the outcome of treating different types of tibial plateau fractures with 3.5 mm simple plates which, to our knowledge, has not been evaluated in previous studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2011 and 2013, 32 patients aged 40 ± 0...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626009/the-relation-between-reflex-sympathetic-dystrophy-syndrome-and-trauma-severity-in-patients-with-distal-tibia-fracture
#18
Reza Bahador, Ahmadreza Mirbolook, Sara Arbab, Pooya Derakhshan, Amirmohammad Gholizadeh, Sadegh Abedi
BACKGROUND: Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) syndrome is a multifactorial disorder with clinical features of neurogenic inflammation that causes hypersensitivity to pain or severe allodynia as well as blood flow problems, swelling, skin discoloration and maladaptive neuroplasticity due to vasomotor disorders. Patients with major trauma are prone to homeostasis leading to inflammatory response syndrome and multiple organ distress syndrome. Several studies have investigated the etiology of this condition, but the cause remains unknown...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626008/the-impact-of-psychological-factors-on-device-removal-surgery
#19
Mohammadreza Golbakhsh, Mirmostafa Sadaat, Fatemeh Noughani, Ahmadreza Mirbolook, Amirmohammad Gholizadeh, Sadegh Abedi
BACKGROUND: Implant removal is a common procedure in orthopedic surgery which can be associated with many complications such as scar formation, hematoma, nerve injury, infection, and refracture. Indications for orthopedic implant removal have declined in recent years. Most studies have considered orthopedic hardware removal as an unnecessary procedure in the absence of severe complications such as nonunion. Some studies have reported the complications of orthopedic hardware removal to be 24% to 50% dependent on their types and locations as well as on other factors such as patient's condition and the orthopedist's experience...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626007/lunate-osteochondral-fracture-treated-by-excision-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Sadegh Saberi, Aidin Arabzadeh, Amir Reza Farhoud
INTRODUCTION: Lunate fracture is a rare injury. Most reports are associated with other wrist injuries such as perilunate dislocation and distal radius fracture. Isolated lunate fracture has been reported even more rarely. The choice of treatment and outcomes are consequently undetermined. CASE PRESENTATION: In this case report we will describe a lunate avulsion fracture as an isolated injury after a fall from nine meters treated operatively by excision of the comminuted avulsed fragment...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
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