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Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761837/human-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-cell-reactions-to-316l-stainless-steel-an-in-vitro-study-on-cell-viability-and-interleukin-6-expression
#1
Iwan Budiwan Anwar, Asep Santoso, Eko Saputra, Rifky Ismail, J Jamari, Emile Van der Heide
Purpose: Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal cell (hBMC) reactions to 316L stainless steel (316L-SS) have never been evaluated. The objective of this study was to assess cell viability and interleukin-6 expression of hBMC cultures upon treatment with a 316L-SS implant. Methods: A cytotoxicity analysis was conducted with a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol 2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium (MTT) assay after a period of 24, 48 and 72 hours of incubation. Expression of interleukin-6 was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761836/study-of-thermal-analysis-behavior-of-fenbendazole-and-rafoxanide
#2
Ali Kamal Attia, Ahmed Sayed Saad, Manal Sami Alaraki, Eman Saad Elzanfaly
Purpose: Thermal analysis techniques have been applied to study the thermal behavior of fenbendazole (Fen) and rafoxanide (Raf). Semi-empirical molecular orbital calculations were used to confirm these results. Methods: Thermogravimetric analysis, derivative thermogravimetry, differential thermal analysis and differential scanning calorimetry were used to determine the thermal behavior and purity of the drugs under investigation. Results: Thermal behavior of Fen and Raf were augmented using semi-empirical molecular orbital calculations...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761835/evaluation-of-vitamin-d3-and-d2-stability-in-fortified-flat-bread-samples-during-dough-fermentation-baking-and-storage
#3
Mehrnaz Tabibian, Mohammadali Torbati, Mohammad Reza Afshar Mogaddam, Maryam Mirlohi, Malihe Sadeghi, Javad Mohtadinia
Purpose: Vitamin D, a fat-soluble secosteroid, has a significant role in bone metabolism and helps calcium absorption in the body. Since vitamin D concentration is altered in fortified foods and dietary supplements, the actual amount of vitamin D may differ from the label value. Methods: In this study, the concentrations of vitamin D2 and D3 of fortified bread sample were analytically determined. For this purpose, dough or homogenized bread sample was saponified using potassium hydroxide solution (30%, w/v) at 80°C, and the saponified analytes were extracted into n-heptane followed by liquid-liquid extraction...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761834/development-and-optimization-of-a-new-chemoenzymatic-approach-for-the-synthesis-of-peracetylated-lactosamine-intermediate-for-the-synthesis-of-pharmacologically-active-compounds-monitored-by-rp-hplc-method
#4
Qais Ibrahim Abualassal, Khaldun Mohammad Al Azzam, Zead Helmi Abudayeh, Loay Khaled Hassouneh
Purpose: To describe a chemoenzymatic approach joining an enzymatic regioselective hydrolysis of peracetylated N-acetyl-α-D-glucosamine (A) with a mild controlled acyl relocation which resulted 2-acetamido-2 deoxy-1,3,6-tri-O-acetyl-α-D-glucopyranose (1B). Methods: Immobilization of lipase on decaoctyl (DSEOD) and octyl-agarose (OSCL) was carried out as reported by the work of Bastida et al. The newly developed RP-HPLC method for examining the enzymatic hydrolysis was carried out isocratically utilizing a HPLC system...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761833/expression-of-functional-anti-p24-scfv-183-h12-5c-in-hek293t-and-jurkat-t-cells
#5
Mohammad Tasyriq Che Omar
Purpose: More than half of the diagnostic and therapeutic recombinant protein production depends on mammalian-based expression system. However, the generation of recombinant antibodies remains a challenge in mammalian cells due to the disulfide bond formation and reducing cytoplasm. Therefore, the production of functional recombinant antibodies in target cell line is necessary to be evaluated before used in therapeutic application such intrabodies against HIV-1. Methods: The work was to test expression of a single-chain variable fragment (scFv) antibody against HIV-1 Capsid p24 protein in a human mammalian-based expression system using HEK293T and Jurkat T cells as a model...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761832/anticonvulsant-and-antioxidant-effects-of-pitavastatin-against-pentylenetetrazol-induced-kindling-in-mice
#6
Nastaran Faghihi, Mohammad Taghi Mohammadi
Purpose: The pleiotropic effects of statins (antioxidant and anti-inflammation) have been reported by previous studies. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether pitavastatin has protective effects against pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced kindling in mice and also whether pitavastatin improves the brain antioxidant capacity and attenuates the oxidative injuries in kindled mice. Methods: Twenty-four mice were randomly divided into four groups (each group n=6); control, PTZ-kindling and PTZ-kindled rats treated with pitavastatin (1&4 mg/kg)...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761831/preparation-and-microstructural-characterization-of-griseofulvin-microemulsions-using-different-experimental-methods-saxs-and-dsc
#7
Eskandar Moghimipour, Anayatollah Salimi, Sahar Changizi
Purpose: The objective of the present study is to formulate and evaluate a new microemulsion (ME) for topical delivery of griseofulvin. Methods: The solubilities of griseofulvin in different combinations of surfactant to co-surfactant (S/Co ratio) were determined. Accordingly, based on their phase diagrams, eight microemulsions were formulated and then evaluated with respect to their particle size, surface tension, viscosity, conductivity, zeta potential and stability. Their release behavior, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), refractory index (RI), pH and Small-angle-X-ray scattering (SAXS) were also assessed...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761830/studying-the-effect-of-sertraline-in-reducing-aggressive-behavior-in-patients-with-major-depression
#8
Alireza Farnam, Arezoo MehrAra, Hossein Dadashzadeh, Golamreza Chalabianlou, Salman Safikhanlou
Purpose: Depression causes dysfunction in various spheres of individual and social life, which is now considered as the fourth-leading cause of the global disease burden. Given that violence and aggression associated with depression in the community cause serious damage to the family, the prediction, early detection and effective treatment of aggressive and violent behavior are essential. The present study compared the severity of aggression before and after treatment with sertraline in patients with major depression...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761829/effects-of-pomegranate-punica-granatum-l-seed-and-peel-methanolic-extracts-on-oxidative-stress-and-lipid-profile-changes-induced-by-methotrexate-in-rats
#9
Farideh Doostan, Roxana Vafafar, Parvin Zakeri-Milani, Aliasghar Pouri, Rogayeh Amini Afshar, Mehran Mesgari Abbasi
Purpose: Methotrexate (MTX) is prescribed in many diseases and can result in oxidative stress (OS) followed by injuries in some tissues. Antioxidants administration are effective in reducing OS. Pomegranate exhibits high anti-oxidant capacities. This study investigated whether pomegranate seed and peel methanolic extracts (PSE and PPE) could protect against MTX-induced OS and lipid profile changes in rats. Methods: Forty-eight rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: control group (normal salin), PSE group (500 mg/kg, orally), PPE group (500 mg/kg, orally), MTX group (10 mg/kg, IM), MTX and PSE group, and MTX and PPE group...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761828/formulation-of-menthol-loaded-nanostructured-lipid-carriers-to-enhance-its-antimicrobial-activity-for-food-preservation
#10
Parizad Piran, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Saeed Ghanbarzadeh, Rezvan Safdari, Hamed Hamishehkar
Purpose: Due to the antimicrobial property, menthol have significant potential for food preservation and foodstuff shelf life improvement. Nevertheless, menthol instability, insolubility, and rapid crystallization in aqueous media make it unsuitable for used in food products. This work was aimed to prepare menthol-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) to enhance its antimicrobial activity. Methods: Morphology, particle size and size distribution, encapsulation efficiency percent (EE%), and physical stability of the optimized formulation, prepared by hot melt homogenization method, were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, particle size analyzing, gas chromatography, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) methods...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761827/spectroscopic-and-spectrometric-methods-used-for-the-screening-of-certain-herbal-food-supplements-suspected-of-adulteration
#11
Cristina Mateescu, Anca Mihaela Popescu, Gabriel Lucian Radu, Tatiana Onisei, Adina Elena Raducanu
Purpose: This study was carried out in order to find a reliable method for the fast detection of adulterated herbal food supplements with sexual enhancement claims. As some herbal products are advertised as "all natural", their "efficiency" is often increased by addition of active pharmaceutical ingredients such as PDE-5 inhibitors, which can be a real health threat for the consumer. Methodes: Adulterants, potentially present in 50 herbal food supplements with sexual improvement claims, were detected using 2 spectroscopic methods - Raman and Fourier Transform Infrared - known for reliability, reproductibility, and an easy sample preparation...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761826/the-inhibitory-effect-of-ginger-extract-on-ovarian-cancer-cell-line-application-of-systems-biology
#12
Roghiyeh Pashaei-Asl, Fatima Pashaei-Asl, Parvin Mostafa Gharabaghi, Khodadad Khodadadi, Mansour Ebrahimi, Esmaeil Ebrahimie, Maryam Pashaiasl
Purpose: Ginger is a natural compound with anti-cancer properties. The effects of ginger and its mechanism on ovarian cancer and its cell line model, SKOV-3, are unclear. In this study, we have evaluated the effect of ginger extract on SKOV-3. Methods: SKOV-3 cells were incubated with ginger extract for 24, 48 and 72 hours. Cell toxicity assay was performed. Different data mining algorithms were applied to highlight the most important features contributing to ginger inhibition on the SKOV-3 cell proliferation...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761825/gellified-emulsion-of-ofloxacin-for-transdermal-drug-delivery-system
#13
Swati Jagdale, Saylee Pawar
Purpose: Ofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone with broad-spectrum antibacterial action, used in treatment of systemic and local infections. Ofloxacin is BCS class II drug having low solubility, high permeability with short half-life. The present work was aimed to design, develop and optimize gellified emulsion of Ofloxacin to provide site targeted drug delivery. Transdermal drug delivery will enhance the bioavailability of the drug giving controlled drug release. Methods: Transdermal drug delivery system was designed with gelling agent (Carbopol 940 and HPMC K100M), oil phase (oleic acid) and emulsifying agent (Tween 80: Span 80)...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761824/the-effect-of-dried-glycyrrhiza-glabra-l-extract-on-obesity-management-with-regard-to-ppar-%C3%AE-2-pro12ala-gene-polymorphism-in-obese-subjects-following-an-energy-restricted-diet
#14
Nazli Namazi, Mohammad Alizadeh, Elham Mirtaheri, Safar Farajnia
Purpose: Obesity is a multi-factorial health problem which results from the interaction of environmental and genetic factors. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of dried licorice extract with a calorie restricted diet on anthropometric indices and insulin resistance with nutrigenetic approach. Methods: For this pilot, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial, 72 eligible subjects were randomly allocated to Licorice or placebo group. They received a low-calorie diet either with a 1...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761823/terminal-deoxynucleotidyl-transferase-tdt-inhibiti-on-of-cord-blood-derived-b-and-t-cells-expansion
#15
Sanaz Gholami, Seyede Momeneh Mohammadi, Aliakbar Movasaghpour Akbari, Ali Abedelahi, Alireza Alihemmati, Shirin Fallahi, Hojjatollah Nozad Charoudeh
Purpose: Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase(TdT) is a DNA polymerase that is present in immature pre-B and pre-T cells. TdT inserts N-nucleotides to the V (D) J gene segment during rearrangements of genes, therefore, it plays a vital role in the development and variation of the immune system in vertebrates. Here we evaluated the relationship between cytokines like interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukin-7 (IL-7), and interleukin-15 (IL-15) and TdT expression in cord blood mononuclear cells and also effect of inhibition in the expansion of B and T cells derived from cord blood...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761822/optimization-of-chitosan-and-cellulose-acetate-phthalate-controlled-delivery-of-methylprednisolone-for-treatment-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
Swati Jagdale, Apoorva Chandekar
Purpose: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, relapsing and often life-long disorder. The best way to tackle IBD is to develop a site targeted drug delivery. Methylprednisolone is a potent anti-inflammatory steroid. The relative potency of methylprednisolone to hydrocortisone is at least four is to one. The aim of the present research was to develop a colon targeted drug delivery for treatment of IBD. Methods: Compression coated drug delivery system was designed and optimised. Core tablet contained drug, croscarmellose sodium (CCS-superdisintegrant), avicel (binder) and dicalcium phosphate (diluent)...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761821/pharmacokinetic-parameters-and-over-responsiveness-of-iranian-population-to-propranolol
#17
Ebrahim Salehifar, Shima Ebrahim, Mohammad-Reza Shiran, Fatemeh Faramarzi, Hossein Askari Rad, Razieh Avan, Asadollah Mohseni Kiasari, Pouneh Ebrahimi
Purpose: Propranolol is the most widely used treatment for cardiovascular diseases. Dosage range in our patients is usually less than the amount mentioned in references. The aim of the present study was to clarify whether pharmacokinetic differences are able to justify the need for the fewer doses in our patients or not. Methods: Twenty healthy volunteers (10 male) at heart center of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences were studied. Samples of blood were collected before a single oral dose (40 mg) of Propranolol...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761820/immuno-biosensor-for-detection-of-cd20-positive-cells-using-surface-plasmon-resonance
#18
REVIEW
Dariush Shanehbandi, Jafar Majidi, Tohid Kazemi, Behzad Baradaran, Leili Aghebati-Maleki, Farzaneh Fathi, Jafar Ezzati Nazhad Dolatabadi
Purpose: Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensing confers a real-time assessment of molecular interactions between biomolecules and their ligands. This approach is highly sensitive and reproducible and could be employed to confirm the successful binding of drugs to cell surface targets. The specific affinity of monoclonal antibodies (MAb) for their target antigens is being utilized for development of immuno-sensors and therapeutic agents. CD20 is a surface protein of B lymphocytes which has been widely employed for immuno-targeting of B-cell related disorders...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761819/legionella-pneumophila-and-dendrimers-mediated-antisense-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Roghiyeh Pashaei-Asl, Khodadad Khodadadi, Fatima Pashaei-Asl, Gholamreza Haqshenas, Nasser Ahmadian, Maryam Pashaiasl, Reza Hajihosseini Baghdadabadi
Finding novel and effective antibiotics for treatment of Legionella disease is a challenging field. Treatment with antibiotics usually cures Legionella infection; however, if the resultant disease is not timely recognized and treated properly, it leads to poor prognosis and high case fatality rate. Legionella pneumophila DrrA protein (Defects in Rab1 recruitment protein A)/also known as SidM affects host cell vesicular trafficking through modification of the activity of cellular small guanosine triphosphatase )GTPase( Rab (Ras-related in brain) function which facilitates intracellular bacterial replication within a supporter vacuole...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761818/effects-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-derivatives-on-hematopoiesis-and-hematopoietic-stem-cells
#20
REVIEW
Sara Aqmasheh, Karim Shamsasanjan, Parvin Akbarzadehlaleh, Davod Pashoutan Sarvar, Hamze Timari
Hematopoiesis is a balance among quiescence, self-renewal, proliferation, and differentiation, which is believed to be firmly adjusted through interactions between hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) with the microenvironment. This microenvironment is derived from a common progenitor of mesenchymal origin and its signals should be capable of regulating the cellular memory of transcriptional situation and lead to an exchange of stem cell genes expression. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have self-renewal and differentiation capacity into tissues of mesodermal origin, and these cells can support hematopoiesis through release various molecules that play a crucial role in migration, homing, self-renewal, proliferation, and differentiation of HSPCs...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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