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Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876335/complication-of-an-odontogenic-infection-to-an-orbital-abscess-the-role-of-a-medical-fraudster-quack
#1
Nikhil Arora, Ruchika Juneja, Ravi Meher
Introduction: Complication of an odontogenic infection to an orbital abscess is not a common presentation. The progression from a simple toothache to a condition that may lead to loss of vision is sudden and severe. Case Report: We report a rare case in which a patient developed facial cellulitis that progressed to orbital abscess after unsterile dental manipulation by a medical fraudster ("quack"). The patient was initiated on high-grade antibiotics, which resolved the facial cellulitis...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876334/pneumocephalus-after-tympanomastoidectomy-a-case-presentation
#2
Mohammadhossein Baradaranfar, Sedighe Vaziribozorg, Mojtaba Mirzade, Mostafa Salari
Introduction: Pneumocephalus is the presence of air or gas within the cranial cavity. It can occur following otorhinolaryngological procedures. A small pneumocephalus spontaneously heals without any treatment. In severe cases, conservative therapy includes a 30-degree head elevation, avoidance of the Valsalva maneuver, analgesics, osmotic diuretics, and oxygen therapy. Case Report: A 56-year-old woman was referred to the emergency department due to a severe headache in the frontal area for 2 days before admission...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876333/pediatric-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumors-of-the-airway-two-case-reports-with-varying-clinical-presentation
#3
Nuthan Kumar, Thirunavukkarasu Saravanamuthu, Arathi Srinivasan, Thulasi Raman, Julius-Xavier Scott
Introduction: An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare tumor of intermediate malignant potential. It may occur in a wide range of anatomical locations. One-third are found in the respiratory tract. We report two cases of IMT of the airway diagnosed at our institution. Case Report: Case 1: A 6-year-old male child presented with a 1-month history of hoarseness of the voice. On evaluation, a polypoid nodule was noted in the right vocal cord which was excised through the endolaryngeal route...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876332/the-challenge-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-a-patient-with-bilateral-vestibular-dysfunction-following-surgery-a-case-report
#4
Sadegh Jafarzadeh, Mohammad Reza Golrokhian-Sani
Introduction: Bilateral vestibular dysfunction (BVD) is an uncommon finding in vestibular assessment, and the combination of BVD and orthopedic problems represents a rare and challenging case for treatment. Case Report: The patient had several previous back surgeries and received gentamycin after surgery. After 6 months, she experienced continuous dizziness, unsteadiness and oscillopsia. The patient underwent complete vestibular assessment and received an individualized vestibular rehabilitation program for 9 months...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876331/comparing-the-efficacy-of-temperature-controlled-radiofrequency-tonsil-ablation-versus-co-2-laser-cryptolysis-in-the-treatment-of-halitosis
#5
Farnaz Hashemian, Hoda Jafari Moez, Mohamad Ali Seif Rabiei, Javaneh Jahanshahi
Introduction: Halitosis and foreign body sensation are two common and disturbing symptoms of chronic caseous tonsillitis (CCT). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of temperature-controlled radiofrequency (TC-RF) tonsil ablation with CO2 -laser cryptolysis (CO2 -LC) in the treatment of patients with halitosis caused by CCT. Materials and Methods: Sixty-two patients who suffered from halitosis and/or foreign body sensation due to CCT were enrolled in the present randomized clinical trial, and were randomly assigned into two groups...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876330/predictors-of-thyroid-gland-invasion-in-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Keyvan Aghazadeh, Sasan Dabiri Satri, Amirsina Sharifi, Maryam Lotfi, Bita Maraghehpour, Arsalan Hashemiaghdam
Introduction: Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) can invade the thyroid gland leading to unnecessary thyroidectomies with subsequent hypothyroidism and hyperparathyroidism. Thus, clinicopathological variables should be defined in order to predict thyroid gland invasion preoperatively. Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 1,465 patients with laryngeal SCC referred to our center between March 2009 and January 2016. Among these patients, 60 individuals underwent total laryngectomy and either thyroid lobectomy and isthmectomy or total thyroidectomy...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876329/peripheral-facial-palsy-in-emergency-department
#7
José Ferreira-Penêda, Raquel Robles, Isabel Gomes-Pinto, Pedro Valente, Nuno Barros-Lima, Artur Condé
Introduction: Peripheral facial palsy (PFP) is commonly diagnosed in every emergency department. Despite being a benign condition in most cases, PFP causes loss in quality of life mostly due to facial dysmorphia. The etiology of PFP remains unknown in most cases, while medical opinion on epidemiology, risk factors and optimal treatment is not consensual. The aim of this study was to review the demographic characteristics of our patients and the medical care administered in our emergency department...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876328/evaluating-the-effect-of-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-on-laryngeal-mucosa-stroboscopic-features
#8
Ebrahim Karimi, Akbar Bayat, Mohammad Reza Ghahari, Sara Rahavi-Ezabadi, Mehrdad Jafari
Introduction: The major presenting symptom of nasal polyps is nasal obstruction. The role of nasal obstruction in the genesis of laryngeal disorders is still unknown. Materials and Methods: The aim of this study was to evaluate laryngeal videostroboscopic changes after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) in patients with nasal polyposis. A longitudinal study was carried out from March 2012 to June 2013. Thirty patients with bilateral nasal polyposis who did not respond to maximum medical treatment and were candidates for FESS were recruited...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876327/patient-based-assessment-of-effectiveness-of-voice-therapy-in-vocal-mass-lesions-with-secondary-muscle-tension-dysphonia
#9
Ahmad Reza Khatoonabadi, Hassan Khoramshahi, Seyyedeh Maryam Khoddami, Payman Dabirmoghaddam, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari
Introduction: Use of patient-based voice assessment scales is an appropriate method that is frequently used to demonstrate effectiveness of voice therapy. This study was aimed at determining the effectiveness of voice therapy among patients with secondary muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) and vocal mass lesions. Materials and Methods: The study design was prospective, with within-participant repeated measures. Thirty-three patients with secondary MTD and vocal mass lesions participated in the study, selected on the basis of voice history, laryngeal palpation, and videostroboscopy examination...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876326/serum-endostatin-levels-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#10
Maryam Mardani, Azadeh Andishe Tadbir, Mohammad Ali Ranjbar, Bijan Khademi, Mohammad Javad Fattahi, Ahmad Rahbar
Introduction: Endostatin is a C-terminal proteolytic fragment of collagen XVIII and, as with angiostatin and thrombospondin, is known as an antiangiogenic agent. The aim of this study was to assess the level of serum endostatin in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and its association with the clinicopathological characteristics of the tumor. Materials and Methods: Using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit, we investigated the circulating levels of endostatin in the blood serum of 45 patients with oral SCC and 45 healthy controls...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594081/case-report-of-an-open-neck-procedure-complication-associated-with-laryngeal-mask-airway-use
#11
Thavakumar Subramaniam, Paula Casserly
Introduction: The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a safe method to establish airway control during general anaesthesia. In otolaryngology surgery, the use of a LMA is well established in ear surgery; however, the use of a LMA during open neck procedures remains controversial. We report a case in which the pharyngeal distortion by the LMA cuff resulted in an iatrogenic complication. Case Report: A 38-year-old female with a background of multiple myeloma was referred to the otolaryngology team for an open cervical lymph node biopsy...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594080/surgery-and-anesthesia-management-for-intraoral-synechia-a-case-report
#12
Mohammad Gharavifard, Iman Kashani, Marjan Joudi, Majid Sharifian, Seyed Javad Sayedi, Behrouz Mohammadipanah, Farideh Jamali-Behnam
Introduction: Intraoral synechia is a rare congenital condition, generally associated with other maxillo-facial malformations. We present a neonate with congenital intraoral bilateral synechia without any other facial anomalies. Case Report: In this paper, we present a 19-day-old male neonate with congenital intraoral bilateral synechia without any other facial anomalies. We review the literature to discuss the surgical and anesthesia management of this rare congenital disease...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594079/sudden-bilateral-sensorineural-hearing-loss-secondary-to-cerebral-venous-thrombosis
#13
Muhammad-Nu'aim Ishak, Nik-Mohd-Syukra Nik-Abdul-Ghani, Irfan Mohamad
Introduction: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is an important otological emergency. Up to 90% of the cases are idiopathic. Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an extremely rare identifiable cause as it only represents 0.5% of all strokes. Case Report: In this paper, an unusual case of bilateral SSNHL secondary to bilateral CVT with rapid and complete recovery is reported. The patient presented with sudden bilateral hearing loss associated with some neurological symptoms...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594078/malignant-melanoma-of-the-external-auditory-canal-a-rare-entity
#14
Yookarin Khonglah, Nabanita Das, Vandana Raphael, Ankit-Kumar Jitani, N Brian Shunyu
Introduction: Although malignant melanomas (MM) are common in the head and neck region; primary malignant melanoma of the external auditory canal (EAC) is rare. Case Report: We present the case of a 50-year-old symptomatic man with a malignant melanoma of the external auditory canal, which clinically masqueraded as a haemangioma. The patient subsequently developed extensive loco-regional metastasis, requiring extensive surgery. We describe the clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, both clinical and pathological in terms of other pigmented lesions in the external auditory canal, detailed histopathology, and literature review...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594077/results-of-type-i-tympanoplasty-using-fascia-with-or-without-cartilage-reinforcement-10-years-experience
#15
Ali Kouhi, Mohammad Taghi Khorsandi Ashthiani, Mir Mohammad Jalali
Introduction: There remains controversy about the optimal kind of graft to repair tympanic membrane. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anatomical and auditory outcomes of type I tympanoplasty using fascia with or without cartilage reinforcement. Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted from 2005 to 2015. All cases were surgically treated by a single surgeon. We excluded cases in which the etiology of chronic otitis media was cholesteatoma...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594076/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-validation-and-reliability-of-the-northwestern-dysphagia-patient-check-sheet-ndpcs-in-iran
#16
Jalal Bakhtiyari, Masoomeh Salmani, Reyhaneh Noruzi, Payam Sarraf, Ebrahim Barzegar, Majid Mirmohammadkhani
Introduction: Speech and language therapists (SLTs) require proper tools to detect dysphagia in the early stages. One of these screening tools is the Northwestern Dysphagia Patient Check Sheet (NDPCS). However, this tool needs to be adapted, validated, and shown to be reliable for the Persian culture. The aim of the present study was to report the validity and reliability of the Persian NDPCS (P-NDPCS). Materials and Methods: The NDPCS has 28 items and five sections...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594075/islamic-attitudes-and-rhinoplasty
#17
Mehdi Bakhshaee, Masoud Asghari, Mohammad Reza Sharifian, Sogol Jafari Ashtiyani, Bashir Rasoulian
Introduction: Although the psychological aspects of rhinoplasty have been fully investigated in the medical literature, the religiosity of rhinoplasty candidates has not been taken into consideration. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the religious attitudes of 157 rhinoplasty candidates were compared with those of 74 subjects who had not requested rhinoplasty. A domestic validated reliable questionnaire was completed by all subjects to classify them with respect to religious attitude...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594074/effect-of-early-vestibular-rehabilitation-on-vertigo-and-unsteadiness-in-patients-with-acute-and-sub-acute-head-trauma
#18
Sadegh Jafarzadeh, Akram Pourbakht, Eshagh Bahrami, Shohreh Jalaie, Arash Bayat
Introduction: Vestibular rehabilitation is a treatment option for the management of vertigo and unsteadiness, which are very common in head trauma patients and more challenging in the early months after trauma. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a vestibular rehabilitation program in the recovery of acute and sub-acute head trauma patients. The goal of this study was evaluation of the effect of early vestibular rehabilitation on patients with acute and sub-acute head trauma. Materials and Methods: This study was performed in 20 head trauma patients with vertigo and unsteadiness...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594073/enhancing-working-memory-capacity-in-persian-cochlear-implanted-children-a-clinical-trial-study
#19
Afsaneh Doosti, Maryam Jalalipour, Tayebeh Ahmadi, Seyed Basir Hashemi, Shapour Haghjou, Enayatollah Bakhshi
Introduction: Sensory deprivations such as hearing impairment that affect sensory input have a secondary impact on cognitive functions such as working memory (WM). WM capacity is an important cognitive component that processes language-related activities. Moreover, several studies have shown a deficit in WM in children with a cochlear implant (CI). We aimed to assess the performance of children with CIs in pre- and post-training sessions and compare their scores on a battery of WM tests to investigate the efficacy of a WM training program...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594072/tonsillar-lymphoma-in-children-according-to-age-group-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Guilherme-Machado de Carvalho, Henrique-Furlan Pauna, Agrício-Nubiato Crespo, Reinaldo-Jordão Gusmão, Alexandre-Caixeta Guimarães
Introduction: Lymphoma is a common malignant tumor of the head and neck occurring during childhood. Early diagnosis is very important in terms of prognosis in patients with tonsillar lymphoma.Our objective was to evaluate the clinical manifestations of pediatric tonsillar lymphoma according to different age groups. Materials and Methods: A systematic review of available English, Spanish, or Portuguese literature from January 1996 to June 2012 was performedin the BIREME, Cochrane, IBECS, Lilacs, PubMed/Medline, SCIELO, and Scopus databases, using "tonsillar lymphoma" and "children" as keywords...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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