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Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594081/case-report-of-an-open-neck-procedure-complication-associated-with-laryngeal-mask-airway-use
#1
Thavakumar Subramaniam, Paula Casserly
Introduction: The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a safe method to establish airway control during general anaesthesia. In otolaryngology surgery, the use of a LMA is well established in ear surgery; however, the use of a LMA during open neck procedures remains controversial. We report a case in which the pharyngeal distortion by the LMA cuff resulted in an iatrogenic complication. Case Report: A 38-year-old female with a background of multiple myeloma was referred to the otolaryngology team for an open cervical lymph node biopsy...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594080/surgery-and-anesthesia-management-for-intraoral-synechia-a-case-report
#2
Mohammad Gharavifard, Iman Kashani, Marjan Joudi, Majid Sharifian, Seyed Javad Sayedi, Behrouz Mohammadipanah, Farideh Jamali-Behnam
Introduction: Intraoral synechia is a rare congenital condition, generally associated with other maxillo-facial malformations. We present a neonate with congenital intraoral bilateral synechia without any other facial anomalies. Case Report: In this paper, we present a 19-day-old male neonate with congenital intraoral bilateral synechia without any other facial anomalies. We review the literature to discuss the surgical and anesthesia management of this rare congenital disease...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594079/sudden-bilateral-sensorineural-hearing-loss-secondary-to-cerebral-venous-thrombosis
#3
Muhammad-Nu'aim Ishak, Nik-Mohd-Syukra Nik-Abdul-Ghani, Irfan Mohamad
Introduction: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is an important otological emergency. Up to 90% of the cases are idiopathic. Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an extremely rare identifiable cause as it only represents 0.5% of all strokes. Case Report: In this paper, an unusual case of bilateral SSNHL secondary to bilateral CVT with rapid and complete recovery is reported. The patient presented with sudden bilateral hearing loss associated with some neurological symptoms...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594078/malignant-melanoma-of-the-external-auditory-canal-a-rare-entity
#4
Yookarin Khonglah, Nabanita Das, Vandana Raphael, Ankit-Kumar Jitani, N Brian Shunyu
Introduction: Although malignant melanomas (MM) are common in the head and neck region; primary malignant melanoma of the external auditory canal (EAC) is rare. Case Report: We present the case of a 50-year-old symptomatic man with a malignant melanoma of the external auditory canal, which clinically masqueraded as a haemangioma. The patient subsequently developed extensive loco-regional metastasis, requiring extensive surgery. We describe the clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, both clinical and pathological in terms of other pigmented lesions in the external auditory canal, detailed histopathology, and literature review...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594077/results-of-type-i-tympanoplasty-using-fascia-with-or-without-cartilage-reinforcement-10-years-experience
#5
Ali Kouhi, Mohammad Taghi Khorsandi Ashthiani, Mir Mohammad Jalali
Introduction: There remains controversy about the optimal kind of graft to repair tympanic membrane. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anatomical and auditory outcomes of type I tympanoplasty using fascia with or without cartilage reinforcement. Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted from 2005 to 2015. All cases were surgically treated by a single surgeon. We excluded cases in which the etiology of chronic otitis media was cholesteatoma...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594076/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-validation-and-reliability-of-the-northwestern-dysphagia-patient-check-sheet-ndpcs-in-iran
#6
Jalal Bakhtiyari, Masoomeh Salmani, Reyhaneh Noruzi, Payam Sarraf, Ebrahim Barzegar, Majid Mirmohammadkhani
Introduction: Speech and language therapists (SLTs) require proper tools to detect dysphagia in the early stages. One of these screening tools is the Northwestern Dysphagia Patient Check Sheet (NDPCS). However, this tool needs to be adapted, validated, and shown to be reliable for the Persian culture. The aim of the present study was to report the validity and reliability of the Persian NDPCS (P-NDPCS). Materials and Methods: The NDPCS has 28 items and five sections...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594075/islamic-attitudes-and-rhinoplasty
#7
Mehdi Bakhshaee, Masoud Asghari, Mohammad Reza Sharifian, Sogol Jafari Ashtiyani, Bashir Rasoulian
Introduction: Although the psychological aspects of rhinoplasty have been fully investigated in the medical literature, the religiosity of rhinoplasty candidates has not been taken into consideration. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the religious attitudes of 157 rhinoplasty candidates were compared with those of 74 subjects who had not requested rhinoplasty. A domestic validated reliable questionnaire was completed by all subjects to classify them with respect to religious attitude...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594074/effect-of-early-vestibular-rehabilitation-on-vertigo-and-unsteadiness-in-patients-with-acute-and-sub-acute-head-trauma
#8
Sadegh Jafarzadeh, Akram Pourbakht, Eshagh Bahrami, Shohreh Jalaie, Arash Bayat
Introduction: Vestibular rehabilitation is a treatment option for the management of vertigo and unsteadiness, which are very common in head trauma patients and more challenging in the early months after trauma. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a vestibular rehabilitation program in the recovery of acute and sub-acute head trauma patients. The goal of this study was evaluation of the effect of early vestibular rehabilitation on patients with acute and sub-acute head trauma. Materials and Methods: This study was performed in 20 head trauma patients with vertigo and unsteadiness...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594073/enhancing-working-memory-capacity-in-persian-cochlear-implanted-children-a-clinical-trial-study
#9
Afsaneh Doosti, Maryam Jalalipour, Tayebeh Ahmadi, Seyed Basir Hashemi, Shapour Haghjou, Enayatollah Bakhshi
Introduction: Sensory deprivations such as hearing impairment that affect sensory input have a secondary impact on cognitive functions such as working memory (WM). WM capacity is an important cognitive component that processes language-related activities. Moreover, several studies have shown a deficit in WM in children with a cochlear implant (CI). We aimed to assess the performance of children with CIs in pre- and post-training sessions and compare their scores on a battery of WM tests to investigate the efficacy of a WM training program...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594072/tonsillar-lymphoma-in-children-according-to-age-group-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Guilherme-Machado de Carvalho, Henrique-Furlan Pauna, Agrício-Nubiato Crespo, Reinaldo-Jordão Gusmão, Alexandre-Caixeta Guimarães
Introduction: Lymphoma is a common malignant tumor of the head and neck occurring during childhood. Early diagnosis is very important in terms of prognosis in patients with tonsillar lymphoma.Our objective was to evaluate the clinical manifestations of pediatric tonsillar lymphoma according to different age groups. Materials and Methods: A systematic review of available English, Spanish, or Portuguese literature from January 1996 to June 2012 was performedin the BIREME, Cochrane, IBECS, Lilacs, PubMed/Medline, SCIELO, and Scopus databases, using "tonsillar lymphoma" and "children" as keywords...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387667/primary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-thyroid-gland
#11
Mohd-Irman-Shah Ibrahim, Yusri-Rahimi Jusoh, Nurul-Nadhihah Adam, Irfan Mohamad
Introduction: Primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the thyroid gland is one of the rarest types of all reported thyroid malignancies worldwide. It is very aggressive in nature and carries a poor prognosis. The surgical resection with adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy is the most recommended treatment despite its poor reported outcome. Case Report: A 74-year-old woman presented with a rapidly progressive neck swelling, with hoarseness and compressive symptoms...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387666/the-role-of-lingual-bone-grafting-in-the-treatment-of-displaced-edentulous-mandibular-fracture-with-severe-atrophy
#12
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
Introduction: Treatment of edentulous atrophic mandible with severe atrophy is a challenge based on local conditions and systemic diseases confronted by the age group affected. If bone grafting is indicated, it is often used in lateral or inferior aspects of the mandible. Case Report: A 70-year-old male with a unilateral fracture of the atrophied left mandibular body was managed by lingual bone grafting and inferior border miniplate fixation to prevent two common problems after fracture healing; the need for plate removal before denture fabrication and facial asymmetry in the unilateral body fracture...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387665/mandibular-involvement-in-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-associated-with-sapho-syndrome
#13
Igor-Moreira Hazboun, Thiago-Pires Brito, Vanessa-Gonçalves Silva, Carlos-Eduardo-Monteiro Zappelini, Leopoldo-Nizam Pfeilsticker
Introduction: SAPHO syndrome is defined as the association of a group of rare sterile osteoarticular disorders and inflammatory skin diseases whose etiology, although not yet determined, probably involves genetic, immunological and infectious mechanisms. The recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, an inflammatory disease, can be associated with this syndrome even as a single event. Case Report: A case of a young female patient, with a definite diagnosis of SAPHO and an inflammatory mandibular atypical disease for which therapeutic options with immunosuppressants were being used, is reported...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387664/papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-presenting-as-a-cystic-neck-lesion-case-series
#14
Sethu T Subha, Mohd-Adzreil Bakri, Hisyam Salleh, Mohamad Doi, Abdul-Jalil Nordin
Introduction: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) constitutes 75-85% of all thyroid cancers. PTC usually presents as a subtle, commonly slow-growing, painless thyroid mass or a solitary nodule in the neck. This presentation of a cystic neck lump, without the presence of a thyroid nodule, may imitate the course of a benign disease, thus delaying diagnosis and proper treatment. Case Report: Three cases that had been initially presented as a cystic neck lesion in which a benign etiology was considered primarily were compiled in this study...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387663/assessment-of-response-to-treatment-in-patients-with-otomycosis
#15
Keyvan Kiakojori, Nasim Bagherpour Jamnani, Soraya Khafri, Saeid Mahdavi Omran
Introduction: Due to the prevalence of otomycosis in the north of Iran, which has a humid climate, this study aimed to examine the recurrence rate of otomycosis in Iranian patients. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in all patients suspected of otomycosis referred to the Otorhinolaryngology Clinic of Ayatollah Rouhani Hospital of Babol. Demographic and clinical data of patients as well as their symptoms were collected in a checklist at referral time and also 14 days after referral...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387662/comparison-of-olfactory-function-before-and-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#16
Seyed Javad Seyed Toutounchi, Mohamad Yazdchi, Rana Asgari, Negisa Seyed Toutounchi
Introduction: Olfactory loss in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis has been measured by different methods. However, the results have been variable, and it is not clear whether endoscopic sinus surgery significantly improves olfactory function. This study was performed to evaluate the influence of endoscopic sinus surgery on olfactory function in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Materials and Methods: In this prospective analytic study, 73 patients (mean age, 39...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387661/patterns-and-grade-of-velopharyngeal-closure-in-candidates-for-adenotonsillectomy
#17
Mohammad-Waheed El-Anwar, Ezzeddin El-Sheikh, Nasser El-Nakeb
Introduction: The most common type of velopharyngeal valve (VPV) closure is a matter of controversy. The aim of this study was to estimate the most common type of VPV closure, including identification of the type and grade of VPV closure among Egyptian children. Materials and Methods: This study included patients who were candidates for adenotonsillectomy. In these cases, video-nasoendoscopy and speech assessment were performed prior to surgery in addition to otorhinolaryngology examination and preoperative laboratory tests...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387660/evaluation-of-culturally-familiar-odorants-for-a-persian-smell-identification-test
#18
Seyed Kamran Kamrava, Maryam Jalessi, Shaghayegh Ebrahimnejad, Sahand Ghalehbaghi, Elahe Amini, Alimohamad Asghari, Farhad Rafiei, Mohammad Farhadi
Introduction: Processing odor information by the olfactory system depends greatly on the odor concentration. In order to use an odorant in a smell identification test (SIT), the minimum identification concentration (MIC) needs to be determined. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in 60 healthy native individuals aged 20 to 60 years, selected from patients' companions in a tertiary hospital. In the first step, 25 odorants were presented to evaluate familiarity among the subjects...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387659/comparison-of-application-of-mitomycin-c-vs-silicon-stenting-vs-conventional-method-in-endonasal-dacrocystorhinostomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-150-patients
#19
Shrinivas-Shripatrao Chavan, Vitthal D Kale, Karthik N Rao, Devkumar Rengaraja, Amol Hekare
Introduction: Since the days of Hippocrates, many modifications have been proposed in endonasal dacrocystorhinostomy (DCR), with the use of new drugs and implants showing variable results. The objective of this study was to analyze whether the use of silicon tubing or mitomycin C administration has an added advantage over conventional endonasal DCR. Materials and Methods: A randomized controlled trial of 150 patients between the ages of 6 and 70 years presenting with epiphora was performed...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387658/subcutaneous-emphysema-as-a-complication-of-tonsillectomy-a-systematic-literature-review-and-case-report
#20
REVIEW
Panagiotis Saravakos, Margaritis Taxeidis, Ioannis Kastanioudakis, Oliver Reichel
Introduction: Subcutaneous and mediastinal emphysema is a rare complication after tonsillectomy. This case presentation and literature review summarizes the existing literature on this unusual complication. Materials and Methods: This study presents a case of a 21-year-old man who developed a cervical subcutaneous emphysema 6 days after tonsillectomy, whereby conservative treatment produced spontaneous resolution. A proper analysis of this case also required undertaking a systematic search in MEDLINE/PubMed and SCOPUS electronic databases concerning this rare complication, without language restrictions...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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