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Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

Jeanette Sáenz-Piñones, Yolanda García-Hidalgo, Beatriz Arellano-Rodríguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mahdi Gholami, Reza Shahakbari, Somayeh Abdolahpour, Masoud Hatami, Azam Roshanmir
INTRODUCTION: Herpes zoster Infection (HZI) is a viral disease with painful skin rashes and blisters in a limited area on one side of the body, often in a strip. Osteonecrosis with spontaneous exfoliation of teeth in association with HZI of the mandibular nerve is a rare phenomenon. In this report, such an unusual complication of HZI is presented. CASE REPORT: The clinical course of a 53-year-old woman and a 54-year-old man with HZI associated with alveolar bone necrosis and tooth exfoliation were reviewed in order to develop a patient profile for this rare combination of physical findings...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mehtab Alam, Syed-Abrar Hasan, Shahab-Farkhund Hashmi
INTRODUCTION: Hydatid disease caused by larval stage of Echinococcus has been recognized endemically in many countries. Liver and lungs are the most commonly affected organs. Involvement of the head and neck region is rare and bony erosion due to hydatidosis is even rarer. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 17-year-old girl from a poor socio-economic background who presented with a right sided supraclavicular lump, which after surgical excision and histopathological examination was diagnosed as hydatid cyst of neck...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Arzu-Karaman Koç, Yakup Yegin, Mustafa Çelik, Mehmet Sar, Damlanur Sakiz, Fatma-Tülin Kayhan
INTRODUCTION: Sialadenoma papilliferum (SP) is a rare benign tumor, which originates from the minor salivary gland. It occurs at sites that have minor salivary glands, such as the palate, retromolar pads, buccal mucosa, and lips. The most common location for tumor development is on the hard palate. A differential diagnosis consists of ruling out other salivary gland tumors. Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) is a new technology used in head and neck surgery within certain centers around the world...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Safoura Seifi, Shabnam Sohanian, Oveis Khakbaz, Farida Abesi, Fatemeh Aliakbarpour, Arezoo Rayani
INTRODUCTION: The ectopic ciliated cyst is a rare non-odontogenic cyst which occurs as a delayed complication after maxillary sinus radical surgery; this lesion emerges due to the destruction of the sinus mucosa during the surgery and entrapment of the respiratory epithelium in the region. This lesion has been observed in very rare cases following genioplasty and bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. CASE REPORT: We reported a case of the ectopic ciliated cyst in in the mandible of a 37-year-old Iranian woman following genioplasty and Lefort 1 surgery after 2 years...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Simin Soleimanifar, Zahra Jafari, Masoud Motasaddi Zarandy, Houman Asadi, Hamid Haghani
INTRODUCTION: Children with cochlear implants (CIs) may experience few opportunities for positive musical experiences, and musical perception is therefore often not sufficiently developed. This paper investigates and discusses the relationship between intelligence quotient (IQ) and musical ability in children with CIs compared with children with normal hearing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a comparative analytical study conducted in 48 children with unilateral CI and 48 normal-hearing children, 6-8 years of age, with 'normal' IQ and no formal music training...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mansour Hajbeygi, Ali Nadjafi, Amin Amali, Babak Saedi, Seyed Mousa Sadrehosseini
INTRODUCTION: The surgical management of chronic frontal sinus disorders remains a challenge for rhinologists. The aim of this study was to evaluate the result of Draf III in a series of patients who underwent this procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients were included in this study. Demographic data, history of prior surgery, asthma, aspirin sensitivity and Lund-Mackay score were recorded. A visual analog scale was used for frontal-related symptoms. Patients were followed for a mean duration of 17...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mohammad Farmarzi, Mahmood Shishegar, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Arash Haghighi, Hadi Sharouny
INTRODUCTION: Adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) may present with growth retardation. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) mediates the anabolic effects of growth hormone (GH) on tissues. Most of the circulating IGF-1 molecules are bound to insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3). IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 serum levels reflect the levels of daily mean serum GH and are used as indices for evaluating the serum level of GH. This study aimed to determine the effect of adenotonsillectomy on IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 serum levels in patients with ATH or recurrent tonsillitis...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Farzad Faraji-Khiavi, Rezvan Dashti, Seyyed-Jalal Sameni, Arash Bayat
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss is one of the most disabling impairments. Using a hearing aid as an attempt to improve the hearing problem can positively affect the quality of life for these people. This research was aimed to assess satisfaction of hearing impaired patients with their hearing aids regarding the employed technology and style. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive-analytic cross-sectional research was conducted on 187 subjects with hearing loss who were using a hearing aid...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Francesco Mozzanica, Roberto Gera, Chiara Bulgheroni, Federico Ambrogi, Antonio Schindler, Francesco Ottaviani
INTRODUCTION: This study was performed to evaluate the correlation between the objective and subjective sensation of nasal patency, assessed through a validated questionnaire, the Italian version of the NOSE scale, and the rhinomanometric results in a large cohort of patients complaining about nasal obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was obtained from a total of 233 adult patients, (123 males, 110 females, with a mean age of 43.7 years) with a diagnosis of septal deviation and complaining about nasal obstruction...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Ali Khalife, Mehdi Bakhshaee, Behrouz Davachi, Leila Mashhadi, Kamran Khazaeni
INTRODUCTION: Different imaging modalities are used to evaluate salivary gland diseases, including tumors. Ultrasonography (US) is the preferred method on account of its ease of use, affordability, safety profile, and good tolerance among patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of US in differentiating malignant from benign parotid tumors, in the context of previous controversy in the literature on this subject. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in patients who presented to Qaem Medical Center with parotid masses and who were candidates for parotidectomy between June 2013 and January 2015...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Arezoo Jahanbin, Mozhgan Kazemian, Iman Saeedi-Pouya, Neda Eslami, Hooman Shafaee
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of cleft lip and palate patients requires a multidisciplinary plan. These patients usually have a hypoplastic maxilla due to the prior surgical scars. Orthognathic surgery to advance the maxilla in these patients is not very efficient; therefore, orthopedic interventions during an appropriate age seems to be essential. CASE REPORT: In this article, two cleft lip and palate patients have been treated with Class III elastics anchored to the maxillary posterior and mandibular anterior miniplates in order to induce maxillary advancement...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Chintan-C Nishar, Vijayalaxmi-K Ambulgekar, Atish-B Gujrathi, Pravin-T Chavan
INTRODUCTION: Epidermoid cysts are rare, slow‑growing, benign, developmental cysts, which are derived from abnormally situated ectodermal tissue. Epidermoid cysts of the floor of the mouth represent <0.01% of all oral cysts. So far, only a few cases have been reported. CASE REPORT: Hereby, we present a case of a giant sublingual epidermoid cyst, which was completely asymptomatic upon presentation. However, due to its large size, it pushed the epiglottis posteriorly and created difficulty during intubation...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Ahmed-Abdel-Fattah Nofal, Mohammad-Waheed El-Anwar
INTRODUCTION: Intraparotid neurofibromas of the facial nerve are extremely rare and mostly associated with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). CASE REPORT: This is a case of a healthy 40-year-old man, which underwent surgery for a preoperatively diagnosed benign parotid gland lesion. After identification of the facial nerve main trunk, a single large mass (6 x 3 cm) incorporating the upper nerve division was observed. The nerve portion involved in the mass could not be dissected and was inevitably sacrificed with immediate neuroraphy of the upper division of the facial nerve with 6/0 prolene...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Farahnaz Bidari-Zerehpoosh, Bijan Naghibzadeh, Elena Jamali, Moein Jamali, Amirali Mafi, Hooman Bahrami-Motlagh
INTRODUCTION: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma represents one of the most common malignant salivary gland tumors. However, the sclerosing morphologic variant is extremely rare with only 23 reported cases in the English-language literature since it was discovered in 1987. CASE REPORT: Herein, we describe another case that was diagnosed in a 25-year-old woman presenting with a posterior auricular mass, as well as a review of the literature, which demonstrates that this is an extremely rare malignancy with no strict protocol for treatment...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mehdi Bakhshaee, Mohamad-Reza Majidi, Vahideh Gharavi, Fatemeh-Sadat Alavizadeh, Rahman Movahed, Parasto Asnaashari, Amir-Mohammad-Hashem Asnaashari
INTRODUCTION: The coexistence of asthma and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is more common than expected given their individual prevalence in the general population and may affect patient's quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of asthma in chronic rhinosinusitis in Mashhad, Northeast Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed in two university hospital from November 2012 for 12 months. In total, 153 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were enrolled and referred to a particular pulmonologist for asthma evaluation...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Anjan Saikia, Vandana Raphael, N-Brian Shunyu, Yookarin Khonglah, Jaya Mishra, Ankit-Kumar Jitani, Jayanta Medhi
INTRODUCTION: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a common cancer in the North-East region of India. Though the role of environmental contributors of NPC in the North-Eastern part of India is firmly established, EBV as an etiological agent in the region remains unexplored. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients, who presented at the department of ENT, NEIGRIHMS and were confirmed as NPC upon histopathological examination, were included in the study. Chromogenic in-situ hybridization (CISH) was used for the evaluation of EBER (Epstein Barr Virus Encoded RNA)...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Sasan Dabiri, Fatemeh Ghadimi, Mohammadreza Firouzifar, Nasrin Yazdani, Mahsa Mohammad-Amoli, Varasteh Vakili, Zahra Mahvi
INTRODUCTION: Several lines of evidence support the contribution of autoimmune mechanisms in the pathogenesis of Meniere's disease. The aim of this study was determining the association between HLA-Cw Alleles in patients with definite Meniere's disease and patients with probable Meniere's disease and a control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HLA-Cw genotyping was performed in 23 patients with definite Meniere's disease, 24 with probable Meniere's disease, and 91 healthy normal subjects, using sequence specific primers polymerase chain reaction technique...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Stanislas Ballivet-de Régloix, Julia Grinholtz-Haddad, Olga Maurin, Louise Genestier, Quentin Lisan, Yoann Pons
INTRODUCTION: We present a retrospective two-center study series and discussion of the current literature to assess the benefits of facial nerve monitoring during parotidectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2007 to 2012, 128 parotidectomies were performed in 125 patients. Of these, 47 procedures were performed without facial nerve monitoring (group 1) and 81 with facial nerve monitoring (group 2). The primary endpoint was the House-Brackmann classification at 1 month and 6 months...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Kamyar Iravani, Zahra Babaie, Mohammad-Javad Ashraf, Nader Tanideh
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the preventive effects of corticosteroids and curcumin on subglottic stenosis in an animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one male German Shepherd dogs were used for this study. After standardized trauma to the subglottic area, the dogs were divided into three groups. Group A received curcumin (450 mg/ day) for 15 days; Group B received beclomethasone (2 puffs/day, 50 µg/dose) for 15 days; Group C received saline spray only...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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