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Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

Mohd-Irman-Shah Ibrahim, Yusri-Rahimi Jusoh, Nurul-Nadhihah Adam, Irfan Mohamad
Introduction: Primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the thyroid gland is one of the rarest types of all reported thyroid malignancies worldwide. It is very aggressive in nature and carries a poor prognosis. The surgical resection with adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy is the most recommended treatment despite its poor reported outcome. Case Report: A 74-year-old woman presented with a rapidly progressive neck swelling, with hoarseness and compressive symptoms...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
Introduction: Treatment of edentulous atrophic mandible with severe atrophy is a challenge based on local conditions and systemic diseases confronted by the age group affected. If bone grafting is indicated, it is often used in lateral or inferior aspects of the mandible. Case Report: A 70-year-old male with a unilateral fracture of the atrophied left mandibular body was managed by lingual bone grafting and inferior border miniplate fixation to prevent two common problems after fracture healing; the need for plate removal before denture fabrication and facial asymmetry in the unilateral body fracture...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Igor-Moreira Hazboun, Thiago-Pires Brito, Vanessa-Gonçalves Silva, Carlos-Eduardo-Monteiro Zappelini, Leopoldo-Nizam Pfeilsticker
Introduction: SAPHO syndrome is defined as the association of a group of rare sterile osteoarticular disorders and inflammatory skin diseases whose etiology, although not yet determined, probably involves genetic, immunological and infectious mechanisms. The recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, an inflammatory disease, can be associated with this syndrome even as a single event. Case Report: A case of a young female patient, with a definite diagnosis of SAPHO and an inflammatory mandibular atypical disease for which therapeutic options with immunosuppressants were being used, is reported...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Sethu T Subha, Mohd-Adzreil Bakri, Hisyam Salleh, Mohamad Doi, Abdul-Jalil Nordin
Introduction: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) constitutes 75-85% of all thyroid cancers. PTC usually presents as a subtle, commonly slow-growing, painless thyroid mass or a solitary nodule in the neck. This presentation of a cystic neck lump, without the presence of a thyroid nodule, may imitate the course of a benign disease, thus delaying diagnosis and proper treatment. Case Report: Three cases that had been initially presented as a cystic neck lesion in which a benign etiology was considered primarily were compiled in this study...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Keyvan Kiakojori, Nasim Bagherpour Jamnani, Soraya Khafri, Saeid Mahdavi Omran
Introduction: Due to the prevalence of otomycosis in the north of Iran, which has a humid climate, this study aimed to examine the recurrence rate of otomycosis in Iranian patients. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in all patients suspected of otomycosis referred to the Otorhinolaryngology Clinic of Ayatollah Rouhani Hospital of Babol. Demographic and clinical data of patients as well as their symptoms were collected in a checklist at referral time and also 14 days after referral...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Seyed Javad Seyed Toutounchi, Mohamad Yazdchi, Rana Asgari, Negisa Seyed Toutounchi
Introduction: Olfactory loss in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis has been measured by different methods. However, the results have been variable, and it is not clear whether endoscopic sinus surgery significantly improves olfactory function. This study was performed to evaluate the influence of endoscopic sinus surgery on olfactory function in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Materials and Methods: In this prospective analytic study, 73 patients (mean age, 39...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mohammad-Waheed El-Anwar, Ezzeddin El-Sheikh, Nasser El-Nakeb
Introduction: The most common type of velopharyngeal valve (VPV) closure is a matter of controversy. The aim of this study was to estimate the most common type of VPV closure, including identification of the type and grade of VPV closure among Egyptian children. Materials and Methods: This study included patients who were candidates for adenotonsillectomy. In these cases, video-nasoendoscopy and speech assessment were performed prior to surgery in addition to otorhinolaryngology examination and preoperative laboratory tests...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Seyed Kamran Kamrava, Maryam Jalessi, Shaghayegh Ebrahimnejad, Sahand Ghalehbaghi, Elahe Amini, Alimohamad Asghari, Farhad Rafiei, Mohammad Farhadi
Introduction: Processing odor information by the olfactory system depends greatly on the odor concentration. In order to use an odorant in a smell identification test (SIT), the minimum identification concentration (MIC) needs to be determined. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in 60 healthy native individuals aged 20 to 60 years, selected from patients' companions in a tertiary hospital. In the first step, 25 odorants were presented to evaluate familiarity among the subjects...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Shrinivas-Shripatrao Chavan, Vitthal D Kale, Karthik N Rao, Devkumar Rengaraja, Amol Hekare
Introduction: Since the days of Hippocrates, many modifications have been proposed in endonasal dacrocystorhinostomy (DCR), with the use of new drugs and implants showing variable results. The objective of this study was to analyze whether the use of silicon tubing or mitomycin C administration has an added advantage over conventional endonasal DCR. Materials and Methods: A randomized controlled trial of 150 patients between the ages of 6 and 70 years presenting with epiphora was performed...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Panagiotis Saravakos, Margaritis Taxeidis, Ioannis Kastanioudakis, Oliver Reichel
Introduction: Subcutaneous and mediastinal emphysema is a rare complication after tonsillectomy. This case presentation and literature review summarizes the existing literature on this unusual complication. Materials and Methods: This study presents a case of a 21-year-old man who developed a cervical subcutaneous emphysema 6 days after tonsillectomy, whereby conservative treatment produced spontaneous resolution. A proper analysis of this case also required undertaking a systematic search in MEDLINE/PubMed and SCOPUS electronic databases concerning this rare complication, without language restrictions...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Biswanath Behera, Munisamy Malathi, Devinder-Mohan Thappa, Hemanth Vamanshankar, Pradipta-Kumar Parida, Debasis Gochhait
Introduction: Xanthoma disseminatum (XD) is a rare, benign, non-Langerhans cell histiocytic disorder with unknown etio-pathology. It manifests with multiple, grouped, red-brown to yellow papules and nodules involving the skin, mucous membranes, and internal organs with a predilection for flexures and the face. Case Report: We report a patient who presented with disseminated xanthomatous papules and nodules involving the face, neck, trunk, axilla, groin, and oral cavity, along with hoarseness of voice...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Sampan-Singh Bist, Mahima Luthera, Poonam Arora, Lovneesh Kumar
Introduction: Aspirated foreign bodies continue to present challenges to otorhinolaryngologists. Removal of impacted airway foreign bodies via conventional methods can at times pose difficulty. This may be related to the location and type of foreign body, experience of the surgeon and anesthetist, and the availability of appropriate instruments. In adults, especially in edentulous patients, a swallowed denture usually gets lodged in the esophagus and entrance into the airway is uncommon...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Stefania Gallo, Francesco Bandi, Marco-Paolo Maffioli, Marco Giudice, Paolo Castelnuovo, Enrico Fazio, Apostolos Karligkiotis
Introduction: Retropharyngeal space schwannomas are rare entities. About 20-45% of schwannomas occur in the head and neck region; however, they represent less than 1% of all head and neck tumors. Case Report: We present the case of a 36-year-old woman complaining of dysphagia caused by a large schwannoma arising in the posterior pharyngeal wall with remarkable reduction of the oropharyngeal space. The tumor was resected through a combined transoral and cervicotomic transmandibular approach due to its dimension...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Priyanko Chakraborty, Rakhi Kumari, Rajiv-Kumar Jain, Vikash Prasad, Sidharth Pradhan, Purnima Joshi
Introduction: Cysticercosis is a disease which is caused by the infestation of the larvae Taenia solium, with humans acting as an intermediate host instead of a definitive host. Head and neck involvement including maxillofacial and oral involvement of cysticercosis is quite rare. Case Report: We report a series of rare cases of cysticercosis of the head and neck region encountered in a tertiary hospital in Northern India with a brief review of literature and its diagnosis and management...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Elham Masoumi, Sasan Dabiri, Mohammad Taghi Khorsandi Ashtiani, Reza Erfanian, Saeed Sohrabpour, Nasrin Yazdani, Alireza Safaee, Mohammadreza Firouzifar
Introduction: Definite Meniere's disease is associated with two or more definitive periods of vertigo along with hearing loss, plus tinnitus or aural fullness or both. This study aimed to compare the effect of intratympanic dexamethasone and methylprednisolone on the functional-level scale of pure-tone audiometry (PTA), and class outcome measures of vertigo. Materials and Methods: In this clinical study, 69 patients with definite Meniere's disease, referred to the tertiary otolaryngology center, were randomly assigned to two groups: 36 patients were treated with intratympanic dexamethasone (4mg/dl) and 33 patients were treated with i ntratympanic methylprednisolone (40mg/dl)...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Leila Mashhadi, Alireza Sabzevari, Mohammad Gharavi Fard, Reza Shojaeian, Maryam Salehi, Marjan Joodi, Mahdi Fathi, Ali Jafarzadeh Esfehani, Kamran Khazaeni
Introduction: Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration is a common life-threatening condition in children. There are controversies in the management of this condition, including the type of ventilation during bronchoscopy. This study aims to compare anesthesia with controlled ventilation versus spontaneous ventilation in rigid bronchoscopy in children with foreign body aspiration. Materials and Methods: Patients who were candidates for rigid bronchoscopy due to foreign body aspiration were randomly assigned to either anesthesia with spontaneous ventilation or controlled ventilation...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Ali Safavi Naini, Jahangir Ghorbani, Sima Montazer Lotfe Elahi, Mohsen Beigomi
Introduction: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA; also known as Wegener's granulomatosis) is a primary systemic vasculitis involving the ear, nose and throat system (ENT) and lower respiratory tract. Because of the lack of knowledge regarding the clinical findings of GPA due to the limited number of studies, the current study was designed to investigate the prevalence and nature of the otology manifestations in the disease course. Materials and Methods: In the current prospective study, patients with a diagnosis of GPA from 2012-2016 were included...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Preety Negi, Pamela-Alice Kingsley, Maria Thomas, Jaineet Sachdeva, Himanshu Srivastava, Babusha Kalra
Introduction: The majority of patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy frequently complain of changes in their taste perception, and other distressing symptoms affecting their quality of life. This study was undertaken to determine the pattern of gustatory impairment and its recovery in irradiated head and neck cancer patients in India. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients undergoing radical head and neck irradiation were enrolled and assessed for the four basic taste quality (sweet, salt, sour and bitter) by a forced three-choice stimulus drop technique measuring their taste recognition thresholds at baseline, weekly during radiation therapy (RT) and every month for 6 months following completion of RT...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Ebrahim Karimi, Alireza Safaee, Shahin Bastaninejad, Soheila Dabiran, Elham Masoumi, Farnaz Moravej Salehi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Ahmad Daneshi, Alimohamad Asghari, Saleh Mohebbi, Mohammad Farhadi, Farhad Farahani, Mohammad Mohseni
Introduction: Glomus tympanicum (GT) is a benign primary tumor of the middle ear. The evolution of endoscopic ear surgery has allowed for an alternative approach to managing this vascular tumor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an endoscopic approach in GT surgery, and also to investigate its applicability and feasibility. Materials and Methods: Prospectively, 13 class I and II patients, according to the Glasscock-Jackson glomus classification, were candidates for management via a transcanal endoscopic approach...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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