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Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008396/esophageal-foreign-body-a-case-report-of-a-refractory-croup-in-a-20-month-old-boy
#1
Sevil Nasirmohtaram, Nooshin Shabani
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body ingestion is common among children and more common in boys and in children under the age of 3. It can present with a wide variety of symptoms like dysphagia and drooling or symptoms related to the upper aerodigestive tract. CASE REPORT: A 20-month-old male presented with refractory croup and poor feeding since 2 weeks. Bronchoscopy and esophagoscopy was performed due to suspicious history of eating loquat. The core of the fruit was found in the esophagus...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008395/nasopharynx-the-secret-vault-for-lost-foreign-bodies-of-the-upper-aerodigestive-tract
#2
Arijit Jotdar, Mainak Dutta, Sohag Kundu
INTRODUCTION: Foreign bodies in the upper aerodigestive tract often get lost following inappropriate attempts at removal. Children may present late with localized infection, posing a challenge to the otolaryngologists in a referral set-up in diagnosing and retrieving such foreign bodies. CASE REPORT: A two-year-old boy presented with refractory purulent rhinorrhea and intermittent low-grade fever. The symptoms suggested rhinosinusitis; however, following a high index of suspicion, he was referred for further evaluation, with the possibility of any hidden foreign object in the upper aerodigestive tract...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008394/does-opium-dependency-affect-the-pattern-of-involvement-in-laryngeal-cancer
#3
Peyman Dabirmoghaddam, Ali Karimian Taheri, Hosein Ghazavi, Shaghayegh Ebrahimnejad, Zahra Karimian
INTRODUCTION: Laryngeal cancer is the second most common cancer involving the respiratory tract, second only to lung cancer. Previous studies have shown opium dependency to be a possible risk factor for laryngeal cancer. Opium consumption is a major problem in some parts of the world. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of opium consumption on the pattern of involvement in laryngeal cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this analytical cross-sectional study, 44 patients diagnosed with laryngeal cancer (41 male and three female) were studied...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008393/status-of-neutrophils-lymphocytes-and-platelets-in-patients-with-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-a-retrospective-study
#4
Suat Terzi, Engin Dursun, Abdulkadir Özgür, Enes Yiğit, Zerrin Özergin-Coşkun, Özlem Çelebi-Erdivanl, Münir Demirci
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and mean platelet volume (MPV) in patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty patients who were diagnosed with RAS between January 2014 and January 2016 were included in this study. Eighty age- and gender-matched healthy subjects were also enrolled as a control group. Neutrophil, lymphocyte, and platelet counts were compared between groups, in addition to NLR, PLR, and MPV values...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008392/assessing-the-effect-of-simultaneous-exposure-to-noise-and-cigarette-smoke-on-workers-blood-pressure
#5
Farzane Rahimpour, Ehsan Rafiei Manesh, Lida Jarahi, Saba Eghbali
INTRODUCTION: Noise, as the most common pollutant in the industrial environment, can lead to hearing loss and negatively affect other organs such as the cardiovascular system. Cigarette smoking is a popular habit among some workers, and can also have a negative effect on the cardiovascular system. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of simultaneous exposure to noise and cigarette smoke on the blood pressure of workers at a manufacturing factory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 604 workers at a steel factory...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008391/evaluation-of-the-correlation-between-cd44-tumor-prognosis-and-the-5-year-survival-rate-in-patients-with-oral-tongue-scc
#6
Reza Kaboodkhani, Ebrahim Karimi, Mohammad Taghi Khorsandi Ashtiani, Safoura Kowkabi, Mohammad Reza Firouzifar, Farzad Yazdani, Nasrin Yazdani
INTRODUCTION: 90% of the tumors in the head and neck are squamous-cell carcinomas (HNSCC), which have overall 5- year survival rate between 50% -60%. CD44 has been shown to be associated with the prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Biopsy specimens of 51 patients with oral tongue SCC were evaluated by Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for the CD44 antibody. RESULTS: There was no significant correlation between CD44 and survival (P=0.77), age (P=0.4), CD44 and lymph node metastasis (P=0...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008390/fordyce-happiness-program-and-happiness-in-mothers-of-children-with-a-cleft-lip-and-palate
#7
Zeinab Hemati, Fatemeh-Sadat Mosavi Asl, Samira Abbasi, Zohre Ghazavi, Davood Kiani
INTRODUCTION: Facial deformities and aesthetic and functional anomalies in children may be a cause of real distress in families. Problems faced by parents in coping with a child's anomaly can be upsetting and lead parents to exhibit over-severe behavior. The present study was conducted in order to study the effect of happiness program on the happiness of the mothers of children with a cleft lip and palate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this semi-experimental study, 64 mothers of children with a cleft lip and palate enrolled by convenience random sampling were assigned to an intervention or control group based on a simple random sampling...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008389/immunohistochemical-expression-of-cd56-and-aldh1-in-common-salivary-gland-tumors
#8
Safoura Seifi, Maryam Seyedmajidi, Jahanshah Salehinejad, Hemmat Gholinia, Fatemeh Aliakbarpour
INTRODUCTION: Natural killer (NK) cells, of which CD56 is a specific marker, play an important role in host defense against tumors. Cancer stem cells, of which aldehyde dehydrogenase isoform 1 (ALDH1) is an immunohistochemical marker, are a group of tumorigenic cells which are involved in migration and tumor recurrences. We aimed to evaluate the expression of ALDH1 and CD56 in common salivary gland tumors, as well as their relationship with each other and with a number of clinicopathologic factors...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008388/pulmonary-function-after-adenotonsillectomy
#9
Mehrdad Rogha, Jaleh Amini, Mostafa Raisi
INTRODUCTION: Adenotonsillar hypertrophy is a common disorder among children which, without proper treatment, may lead to considerable problems. Although the consequences of this disorder have been studied in other articles, we decided to evaluate the changes in pulmonary function tests in these children after adenotonsillectomy, and the correlation between clinical and spirometric parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a before- and after- clinical trial...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008387/role-of-ph-monitoring-in-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-patients-with-voice-disorders
#10
Swati Maldhure, Ramanathan Chandrasekharan, Amit-Kumar Dutta, Ashok Chacko, Mary Kurien
INTRODUCTION: Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is considered an important cause of voice disorder. We aimed to determine the frequency of LPR in patients with voice disorder and the association between Koufman Reflux Symptom Index (RSI), Reflux Finding Score (RFS), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and proximal acid reflux in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study in patients aged more than 18 years presenting at the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) clinic with a change in voice lasting more than 3 weeks...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738616/a-46-year-old-woman-with-unilateral-hearing-loss-a-recent-diagnosis-of-a-birth-condition
#11
Jeanette Sáenz-Piñones, Yolanda García-Hidalgo, Beatriz Arellano-Rodríguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738615/herpes-zoster-induced-alveolar-bone-necrosis-in-immunocompromised-patients-two-case-reports
#12
Mahdi Gholami, Reza Shahakbari, Somayeh Abdolahpour, Masoud Hatami, Azam Roshanmir
INTRODUCTION: Herpes zoster Infection (HZI) is a viral disease with painful skin rashes and blisters in a limited area on one side of the body, often in a strip. Osteonecrosis with spontaneous exfoliation of teeth in association with HZI of the mandibular nerve is a rare phenomenon. In this report, such an unusual complication of HZI is presented. CASE REPORT: The clinical course of a 53-year-old woman and a 54-year-old man with HZI associated with alveolar bone necrosis and tooth exfoliation were reviewed in order to develop a patient profile for this rare combination of physical findings...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738614/unusual-presentation-of-hydatidosis-neck-lump-causing-costo-vertebral-erosion
#13
Mehtab Alam, Syed-Abrar Hasan, Shahab-Farkhund Hashmi
INTRODUCTION: Hydatid disease caused by larval stage of Echinococcus has been recognized endemically in many countries. Liver and lungs are the most commonly affected organs. Involvement of the head and neck region is rare and bony erosion due to hydatidosis is even rarer. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 17-year-old girl from a poor socio-economic background who presented with a right sided supraclavicular lump, which after surgical excision and histopathological examination was diagnosed as hydatid cyst of neck...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738613/the-first-successful-case-of-transoral-robotic-surgery-in-a-patient-with-sialadenoma-papilliferum
#14
Arzu-Karaman Koç, Yakup Yegin, Mustafa Çelik, Mehmet Sar, Damlanur Sakiz, Fatma-Tülin Kayhan
INTRODUCTION: Sialadenoma papilliferum (SP) is a rare benign tumor, which originates from the minor salivary gland. It occurs at sites that have minor salivary glands, such as the palate, retromolar pads, buccal mucosa, and lips. The most common location for tumor development is on the hard palate. A differential diagnosis consists of ruling out other salivary gland tumors. Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) is a new technology used in head and neck surgery within certain centers around the world...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738612/ectopic-ciliated-cyst-in-the-mandible-secondary-to-genioplasty-and-lefort-after-two-years-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Safoura Seifi, Shabnam Sohanian, Oveis Khakbaz, Farida Abesi, Fatemeh Aliakbarpour, Arezoo Rayani
INTRODUCTION: The ectopic ciliated cyst is a rare non-odontogenic cyst which occurs as a delayed complication after maxillary sinus radical surgery; this lesion emerges due to the destruction of the sinus mucosa during the surgery and entrapment of the respiratory epithelium in the region. This lesion has been observed in very rare cases following genioplasty and bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. CASE REPORT: We reported a case of the ectopic ciliated cyst in in the mandible of a 37-year-old Iranian woman following genioplasty and Lefort 1 surgery after 2 years...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738611/relationship-between-intelligence-quotient-and-musical-ability-in-children-with-cochlear-implantation
#16
Simin Soleimanifar, Zahra Jafari, Masoud Motasaddi Zarandy, Houman Asadi, Hamid Haghani
INTRODUCTION: Children with cochlear implants (CIs) may experience few opportunities for positive musical experiences, and musical perception is therefore often not sufficiently developed. This paper investigates and discusses the relationship between intelligence quotient (IQ) and musical ability in children with CIs compared with children with normal hearing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a comparative analytical study conducted in 48 children with unilateral CI and 48 normal-hearing children, 6-8 years of age, with 'normal' IQ and no formal music training...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738610/frontal-sinus-patency-after-extended-frontal-sinusotomy-type-iii
#17
Mansour Hajbeygi, Ali Nadjafi, Amin Amali, Babak Saedi, Seyed Mousa Sadrehosseini
INTRODUCTION: The surgical management of chronic frontal sinus disorders remains a challenge for rhinologists. The aim of this study was to evaluate the result of Draf III in a series of patients who underwent this procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients were included in this study. Demographic data, history of prior surgery, asthma, aspirin sensitivity and Lund-Mackay score were recorded. A visual analog scale was used for frontal-related symptoms. Patients were followed for a mean duration of 17...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738609/effects-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-serum-levels-of-igf-1-and-igfbp-3-and-growth-indices-in-children-with-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy-or-recurrent-tonsillitis
#18
Mohammad Farmarzi, Mahmood Shishegar, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Arash Haghighi, Hadi Sharouny
INTRODUCTION: Adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) may present with growth retardation. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) mediates the anabolic effects of growth hormone (GH) on tissues. Most of the circulating IGF-1 molecules are bound to insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3). IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 serum levels reflect the levels of daily mean serum GH and are used as indices for evaluating the serum level of GH. This study aimed to determine the effect of adenotonsillectomy on IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 serum levels in patients with ATH or recurrent tonsillitis...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738608/satisfaction-with-hearing-aids-based-on-technology-and-style-among-hearing-impaired-persons
#19
Farzad Faraji-Khiavi, Rezvan Dashti, Seyyed-Jalal Sameni, Arash Bayat
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss is one of the most disabling impairments. Using a hearing aid as an attempt to improve the hearing problem can positively affect the quality of life for these people. This research was aimed to assess satisfaction of hearing impaired patients with their hearing aids regarding the employed technology and style. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive-analytic cross-sectional research was conducted on 187 subjects with hearing loss who were using a hearing aid...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738607/correlation-between-objective-and-subjective-assessment-of-nasal-patency
#20
Francesco Mozzanica, Roberto Gera, Chiara Bulgheroni, Federico Ambrogi, Antonio Schindler, Francesco Ottaviani
INTRODUCTION: This study was performed to evaluate the correlation between the objective and subjective sensation of nasal patency, assessed through a validated questionnaire, the Italian version of the NOSE scale, and the rhinomanometric results in a large cohort of patients complaining about nasal obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was obtained from a total of 233 adult patients, (123 males, 110 females, with a mean age of 43.7 years) with a diagnosis of septal deviation and complaining about nasal obstruction...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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