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Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30174466/alternative-method-of-outside-in-meniscal-repair-for-anterior-horn-tears
#1
Pedro Manuel Serrano, Tiago Amorim-Barbosa, Marta Santos Silva, Ricardo Sousa
Treatment of symptomatic meniscal tears continues to evolve as we improve our understanding of the biomechanical role of the meniscus and its long-term importance to the health of the knee joint. Suture repair of meniscal tears is challenging and continues to rise as we aim to preserve meniscal tissue. Outside-in meniscal suture techniques may involve using expensive equipment that is not readily available for immediate use in most operating rooms. Aware of the different techniques available, the authors describe a fast and reproducible technique that does not require the use of specific material or equipment...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140162/the-age-of-peak-performance-in-women-and-men-duathletes-the-paradigm-of-short-and-long-versions-in-powerman-zofingen
#2
Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Elias Villiger, Luca P Ardigò, Zbigniew Waśkiewicz, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
Purpose: The age of peak performance (APP) has been studied extensively in various endurance and ultra-endurance sports; however, less information exists in regard to duathlon (ie, Run1, Bike, and Run2). The aim of the present study was to assess the APP of duathletes competing either in a short (ie, 10 km Run1, 50 km Bike, and 5 km Run2) or a long distance (ie, 10 km Run1, 150 km Bike, and 30 km Run2) race. Participants and methods: We analyzed 6,671 participants (women, n=1,037, age 36...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127648/stability-in-post-seasonal-hematological-profiles-in-response-to-high-competitive-match-play-loads-within-elite-top-level-european-soccer-players-implications-from-a-pilot-study
#3
Adam L Owen, Marco A Cossio-Bolaños, Gordon Dunlop, Mehdi Rouissi, Moktar Chtara, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Karim Chamari
Introduction: The stability of hematological status indices is a key determinant of optimal sport performance. The capacity to monitor hematological behaviors of elite soccer players may better explain the stresses placed upon physiological systems and the potential decrements in performance and physical capacity. The primary aim of this investigation was to examine the post-seasonal hematological status of professional top-level soccer players in response to seasonal match-play and training demands, in terms of the training practices, intensity, and loadings that they experience before, during, and after each season...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123011/the-effect-of-pelvic-tilt-and-cam-on-hip-range-of-motion-in-young-elite-skiers-and-nonathletes
#4
Anna Swärd Aminoff, Cecilia Agnvall, Carl Todd, Páll Jónasson, Mikael Sansone, Olof Thoreson, Leif Swärd, Jon Karlsson, Adad Baranto
Background: Current knowledge of the effect of changes in posture and the way cam morphology of the hip joint may affect hip range of motion (ROM) is limited. Purpose: To determine the effect of changes in pelvic tilt (PT) on hip ROM and with/without the presence of cam. Study design: This was a cross-sectional study. Materials and methods: The hip ROM of 87 subjects (n=61 young elite skiers, n=26 nonathletes) was examined using a goniometer, in three different seated postures (flexed, neutral, and extended)...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104909/how-much-further-for-the-sub-2-hour-marathon
#5
Caio Victor Sousa, Marcelo Magalhães Sales, Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
The sub-2-hour marathon is a new barrier in endurance running performance, and it has been widely debated in the scientific community. In this review we present a mathematical model to estimate the possible year when a male could break through the sub-2-hour barrier, and also an estimation of when a female could break Paula Radcliffe's marathon running record. Further, we present several aspects (ie, physiology, nationality, age, biomechanics, pacing, and drafting) that are associated with marathon running performance in elite runners and, finally, the possible characteristics of the male to break the sub-2-hour barrier...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30100770/swimming-induced-pulmonary-edema-current-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Ralph Smith, Julian O M Ormerod, Nikant Sabharwal, Courtney Kipps
With the growing popularity of water-based sports, cases of swimming-induced pulmonary edema (SIPE) are becoming increasingly recognized. SIPE, a potentially life-threatening condition, is an acute cause of breathlessness in athletes. It has been described frequently in scuba divers, swimmers, and triathletes and is characterized by symptoms and signs of pulmonary edema following water immersion. It is important to recognize that athletes' symptoms can present with a spectrum of severity from mild breathlessness to severe dyspnea, hemoptysis, and hypoxia...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29970969/are-adolescent-elite-athletes-less-psychologically-distressed-than-controls-a-cross-sectional-study-of-966-norwegian-adolescents
#7
Jan H Rosenvinge, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Gunn Pettersen, Marianne Martinsen, Annett Victoria Stornæs, Anne Marte Pensgaard
Introduction: Psychological distress is increasing among adolescents and clusters with other mental health problems such as eating problems. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of psychological distress among young elite athletes and age-matched controls and whether prevalence figures may be attributed to perfectionism and eating problems. Methods: First-year athletes from all Norwegian elite sport high schools (n=711) and 500 students from randomly selected ordinary high schools were eligible for this cross-sectional study...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942166/influence-of-different-soccer-specific-maximal-actions-on-physiological-perceptual-and-accelerometer-measurement-loads
#8
Terje Dalen, Ørjan Øverås, Roland van den Tillaar, Boye Welde, Erna Dianne von Heimburg
Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of different soccer-specific maximal actions (Continuous run, Sprint, Sprint with change of direction [Sprint COD], Jump and Shot) upon physiological (oxygen uptake and heart rate) and perceptual (rating of perceived exertion [RPE]) responses and accelerometer load. Materials and methods: Ten moderately to well-trained male soccer players volunteered to serve as subjects in this study. A repeated within-subject design was used in which each subject was tested on five occasions on different days, one test each day, during a period of 2 weeks...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872355/potential-factors-associated-with-knee-pain-in-cyclists-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Rodrigo Rico Bini, Alice Flores Bini
The potential factors associated with overuse injuries and pain in cyclists that are supported by evidence remain unclear. Our study aimed at assessing, using a systematic search of the most updated evidence, the main factors related to overuse knee-related pain and/or injuries in cyclists. The search assessed any potential mechanism related to knee pain or injury that could be used in the clinical practice. Databases were searched (i.e., PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and EBSCO). Studies were included if they presented results from original studies...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760574/seasonal-variations-in-body-composition-maximal-oxygen-uptake-and-gas-exchange-threshold-in-cross-country-skiers
#10
Metin Polat, Selcen Korkmaz Eryılmaz, Sami Aydoğan
Introduction: In order to ensure that athletes achieve their highest performance levels during competitive seasons, monitoring their long-term performance data is crucial for understanding the impact of ongoing training programs and evaluating training strategies. The present study was thus designed to investigate the variations in body composition, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max ), and gas exchange threshold values of cross-country skiers across training phases throughout a season. Materials and methods: In total, 15 athletes who participate in international cross-country ski competitions voluntarily took part in this study...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750058/australian-cardiac-rehabilitation-exercise-parameter-characteristics-and-perceptions-of-high-intensity-interval-training-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Amanda L Hannan, Wayne Hing, Mike Climstein, Jeff S Coombes, James Furness, Rohan Jayasinghe, Joshua Byrnes
Purpose: This study explored current demographics, characteristics, costs, evaluation methods, and outcome measures used in Australian cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs. It also determined the actual usage and perceptions of high-intensity interval training (HIIT). Methods: A cross-sectional observational web-based survey was distributed to 328 Australian CR programs nationally. Results: A total of 261 programs completed the survey (79...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593438/glenohumeral-internal-rotation-deficit-in-throwing-athletes-current-perspectives
#12
REVIEW
Michael B Rose, Thomas Noonan
Glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD) is an adaptive process in which the throwing shoulder experiences a loss of internal rotation (IR). GIRD has most commonly been defined by a loss of >20° of IR compared to the contralateral shoulder. Total rotational motion of the shoulder is the sum of internal and external rotation and may be more important than the absolute value of IR loss. Pathologic GIRD has been defined as a loss of IR combined with a loss of total rotational motion. The leading pathologic process in GIRD is posterior capsular and rotator-cuff tightness, due to the repetitive cocking that occurs with the overhead throwing motion...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588622/physical-activity-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Gustavo J Almeida, Samannaaz S Khoja, Sara R Piva
Background: Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is a common procedure to treat individuals with hip and knee osteoarthritis. While TJAs are successful in decreasing pain and improving quality of life, it is unclear whether individuals who undergo TJA become more physically active after surgery. It is possible that TJA, by itself, is not sufficient to affect the behavior of patients toward physical activity (PA) participation. To increase PA participation, individuals with TJA may need to be exposed to exercise/behavioral interventions specifically aimed to promote PA (ie, in addition to the surgery)...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563845/using-a-site-specific-technical-error-to-establish-training-responsiveness-a-preliminary-explorative-study
#14
Ryan M Weatherwax, Nigel K Harris, Andrew E Kilding, Lance C Dalleck
Background: Even though cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) training elicits numerous health benefits, not all individuals have positive training responses following a structured CRF intervention. It has been suggested that the technical error (TE), a combination of biological variability and measurement error, should be used to establish specific training responsiveness criteria to gain further insight on the effectiveness of the training program. To date, most training interventions use an absolute change or a TE from previous findings, which do not take into consideration the training site and equipment used to establish training outcomes or the specific cohort being evaluated...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535560/age-of-peak-performance-in-50-km-ultramarathoners-is-it-older-than-in-marathoners
#15
Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Beat Knechtle
Purpose: Despite the increasing popularity of 50-km ultramarathons during the last few years, only limited information is available regarding the trends in its performance and participation. The aim of the present study was to examine the age of peak running performance in female and male 50-km ultramarathoners using second-order nonlinear regression analyses. Methods: Data from 494,414 runners (124,045 women and 370,369 men) who finished a 50-km ultramarathon between 1975 to 2016 were analyzed...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503588/the-relationship-of-wearing-a-wetsuit-in-long-distance-open-water-swimming-with-sex-age-calendar-year-performance-and-nationality-crossing-the-strait-of-gibraltar
#16
Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Caio Victor Sousa, Beat Knechtle
Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of wearing a wetsuit with sex, age group, nationality, calendar year, and performance in crossing the "Strait of Gibraltar"(14.3 km). Materials and methods: A sample of 1,130 open-water (females, n=180, age 35.9±11.9 years; males, n=950, age 40.0±10.2 years) ultra-distance swimmers crossing the "Strait of Gibraltar" since 1950 was analyzed. Results: Male, older, and Spanish swimmers used wetsuits more often than female, younger, and athletes of other nationalities, respectively, and the use of the wetsuit has increased during the past three decades...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440939/pacing-in-a-94-year-old-runner-during-a-6-hour-run
#17
Beat Knechtle, Pantelis T Nikolaidis
It is well known that elderly people up to 90 years of age are able to finish a marathon. We have no knowledge, however, how runners at the age of 90 years or older pace during a long run. In this case report, we describe the pacing of a 94-year-old man competing in a 6-hour run in order to prepare for a marathon at the age of 95 years in category M95. In the "6-Stunden-Lauf " held in Brugg, Switzerland, participants have to run as many laps of 0.934 km as possible on a completely flat circuit within 6 hours to achieve as many kilometers as possible...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416382/high-intensity-interval-training-versus-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-within-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Amanda L Hannan, Wayne Hing, Vini Simas, Mike Climstein, Jeff S Coombes, Rohan Jayasinghe, Joshua Byrnes, James Furness
Background: Aerobic capacity has been shown to be inversely proportionate to cardiovascular mortality and morbidity and there is growing evidence that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) appears to be more effective than moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) in improving cardiorespiratory fitness within the cardiac population. Previously published systematic reviews in cardiovascular disease have neither investigated the effect that the number of weeks of intervention has on cardiorespiratory fitness changes, nor have adverse events been collated...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276416/impact-of-lowering-ski-binding-settings-on-the-outcome-of-the-self-release-test-of-ski-bindings-among-female-recreational-skiers
#19
Markus Posch, Martin Burtscher, Alois Schranz, Katja Tecklenburg, Kenneth Helle, Gerhard Ruedl
Background and purpose: The ability to successfully self-release the ski binding can prevent skiing-related injuries of the lower extremities. Failure of binding release associated with a knee injury is significantly higher among females compared to males. The International Standards Organization ISO 11088 standard for binding setting values allows a lowering by 15% upon request of the skier. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of lowered ski binding settings by 15% on the outcome of the self-release test among female recreational skiers...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270034/occult-atrial-fibrillation-in-endurance-athletes
#20
Ashim Aggarwal, Jeffrey J Heslop, Rebecca R Wigant, Suneetha Venkatapuram, Stephanie J Hillis, Alan R Parr, Hakan Oral, Timir S Baman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
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