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Interventional Medicine & Applied Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180009/pseudothrombocytopenia-with-multiple-anticoagulant-sample-collection-tubes
#1
REVIEW
Ferenc Kovacs, Marina Varga, Zsolt Pataki, Erzsebet Rigo
The knowledge of pseudothrombocytopenia (PTCP) is important for the accuracy of a clinical assessment and for avoiding unnecessary treatment. An elderly patient was hospitalized with left lung pneumonia. Severe thrombocytopenia [platelet (PLT) number: 18 × 10(9)/L] without any clinical bleeding was found in ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid blood collection tube. PLT measurement was repeated in various anticoagulant [sodium citrate, lithium heparin, disodium oxalate, hirudin, and magnesium sulfate (Mg-sulfate)] sample collection tubes and all of them showed thrombocytopenia except with Mg-sulfate...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180008/use-of-orbital-atherectomy-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-via-the-transradial-approach
#2
REVIEW
Samer Mowakeaa, Branden Snyder, Nikolaos Kakouros
Severe coronary artery calcifications pose an ongoing challenge when performing percutaneous coronary interventions, resulting in an increased likelihood of procedural complications. Orbital atherectomy (OA) has emerged as a promising technology that helps improve outcomes in this complex patient population. Its safety and efficacy are yet to be demonstrated in the setting of acute myocardial infarction. We present a case of a patient with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) evaluated with emergent transradial coronary angiography...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180007/characteristics-of-cellular-composition-of-periodontal-pockets
#3
REVIEW
Petro Hasiuk, Nataliya Hasiuk, Dmytro Kindiy, Victoriya Ivanchyshyn, Dmytro Kalashnikov, Sergiy Zubchenko
PURPOSE: The development of inflammatory periodontal disease in young people is an urgent problem of today's periodontology, and requires a development of new methods that would give an opportunity not only to diagnose but also for prognosis of periodontitis course in a given patients contingent. RESULTS: Cellular structure of periodontal pockets is presented by hematogenous and epithelial cells. Our results are confirmed by previous studies, and show that the penetration of periodontal pathogens leads to formation in periodontal tissue of a highly active complex compounds-cytokines that are able to modify the activity of neutrophils and reduce their specific antibacterial properties...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180006/effects-of-amniotic-epithelial-cell-transplantation-in-endothelial-injury
#4
REVIEW
Gabriella Vácz, Attila Cselenyák, Zsuzsanna Cserép, Rita Benkő, Endre Kovács, Eszter Pankotai, Andrea Lindenmair, Susanne Wolbank, Charlotte M Schwarz, Dénes B Horváthy, Levente Kiss, István Hornyák, Zsombor Lacza
PURPOSE: Human amniotic epithelial cells (hAECs) are promising tools for endothelial repair in vascular regenerative medicine. We hypothesized that these epithelial cells are capable of repairing the damaged endothelial layer following balloon injury of the carotid artery in adult male rats. RESULTS: Two days after injury, the transplanted hAECs were observed at the luminal side of the arterial wall. Then, 4 weeks after the injury, significant intimal thickening was observed in both untreated and cell implanted vessels...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180005/the-role-of-urotensin-ii-and-atherosclerotic-risk-factors-in-patients-with-slow-coronary-flow
#5
REVIEW
Ömer Şatıroğlu, Murtaza Emre Durakoğlugil, Mustafa Çetin, Yüksel Çiçek, Turan Erdoğan, Hakan Duman
BACKGROUND: Slow coronary flow (SCF) is an angiographic finding characterized with delayed opacification of epicardial coronary arteries without obstructive coronary disease. Urotensin II (UII) is an important vascular peptide, which has an important role in hypertension, coronary artery disease, and vascular remodeling in addition to potent vasoconstrictor effect. OBJECTIVES: We investigated UII levels, hypertension, and other atherosclerotic risk factors in patients with SCF, a variety of coronary artery disease...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180004/associations-of-sit-up-ability-with-sarcopenia-classification-measures-in-japanese-older-women
#6
REVIEW
Takashi Abe, Yu Yaginuma, Eiji Fujita, Robert S Thiebaud, Masashi Kawanishi, Takuya Akamine
To test the hypothesis that sit-up performance is associated with sarcopenia classification measures, 93 older women aged 53-78 years were divided into three groups based on achieved repetitions (30 s) for the sit-up performance test: Group 0 (G 0, n = 33) performed 0 repetitions, Group 1-9 (G 1-9, n = 30) performed between 1 and 9 repetitions, and Group 10+ (G 10+, n = 30) performed over 10 repetitions. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-derived appendicular lean soft tissue mass (aLM), handgrip strength (HGS), usual walking speed, and chair stand were measured, and low muscle mass (aLM index) and poor physical function were defined according to previous studies...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180003/ventilator-associated-pneumonia-and-the-importance-of-education-of-icu-nurses-on-prevention-preliminary-results
#7
REVIEW
Bence Mogyoródi, Erzsébet Dunai, János Gál, Zsolt Iványi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) increases intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, ICU mortality, the number of ventilator days, and costs. We implemented a VAP bundle and investigated its efficacy on prevention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015 in a 12-bed multidisciplinary ICU. The bundle was implemented on July 02, 2015. Comparative analysis was performed before and after the implementation of the bundle...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180002/quality-of-life-after-tonsillectomy-versus-azithromycin
#8
REVIEW
Diaa El Din Mohamed El Hennawi, Mohamed Rifaat Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Recurrent tonsillitis is a common disease with marked evidence of affecting children quality of life (QOL) such as their progression in school and increased burden to extended families. The aim of this study was to compare the QOL outcomes after conventional dissection tonsillectomy versus azithromycin treatment in controlling recurrent tonsillitis. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized clinical trial was carried out in 184 children with recurrent tonsillitis randomly divided into two groups: Group A was subjected to conventional dissection tonsillectomy, whereas Group B received single 250 mg (children ≤25 kg) and 500 mg (children ≥25 kg) of oral azithromycin once weekly...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180001/assessment-of-platelet-function-in-patients-receiving-tirofiban-early-after-primary-coronary-intervention
#9
REVIEW
Péter Kupó, Dániel Aradi, Adrienn Tornyos, Margit Tőkés-Füzesi, András Komócsi
BACKGROUND: Following percutaneous coronary intervention, combined antiplatelet therapy is necessary. Platelet function testing (PFT) has prognostic value and may be applied in the risk assessment of acute coronary syndrome. In case of combined antiplatelet therapy, PFT may require special laboratory methods, as different antiplatelet agents may influence test results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Platelet functions were measured in stent thrombosis-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients receiving aspirin, clopidogrel, and tirofiban...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203396/a-rare-case-of-tuberculous-salpingitis
#10
REVIEW
Anatolii Romaniuk, Nataliya Gyryavenko, Mykola Lyndin, Sofiia Romaniuk, Miroslav Starkiv, Galina Slobodyan
The objective of this study was to give an overview of a rare case of tuberculosis of the left fallopian tube in postmenopausal women. It is known that the isolated tuberculous salpingitis without spreading to the endometrium is extremely rare case. In our case, it simulated a cancer of appendages at the late stages that were proved by the increased level of CA-125. This fact as well as the macroscopic image of the left fallopian tube was incorrectly considered by the clinicians as a malignant neoplasm of fallopian tube...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203395/the-bronchial-obstruction-as-a-complication-of-endovascular-repair-of-aortic-pseudoaneurysm-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#11
REVIEW
Mahmut Yesin, Cüneyt Toprak, Emrah Acar, Macit Kalçık, Ahmet Erdal Taşçı, Selçuk Pala
Behçet's disease (BD) is an autoimmune disorder affecting multiple organs. Aortic pseudoaneurysm is the most catastrophic lesion in BD. This lesion type is considered as a complicated and challenging pathology by surgeons because of the technical operative difficulties and frequent recurrence. So, the endovascular repair of inflammatory aortic pseudoaneurysm has been used as an alternative to open surgical repair. It is particularly important in patients who are high-risk surgical candidates because of comorbidities...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203394/structural-features-of-bone-marrow
#12
REVIEW
Anatolii Romaniuk, Yuliia Lyndina, Vladyslav Sikora, Mykola Lyndin, Ludmyla Karpenko, Oksana Gladchenko, Igor Masalitin
PURPOSE: This article is devoted to the investigation of the structural features of the bone marrow of mature rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The investigation of the structural features of the bone marrow was performed on the femurs of the mature male rats. General structure of the organ was studied with hematoxylin-eosin and Van Gieson staining of samples. Certain features of the bone marrow structure were studied using immunohistochemical method (CD3, CD79α, S100, myeloperoxidase, and cyclin D1)...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203393/a-new-approach-to-detect-epidemic-of-dhf-by-combining-arima-model-and-adjusted-tukey-s-control-chart-with-interpretation-rules
#13
REVIEW
Jatupat Mekparyup, Kidakan Saithanu
The aim of this study was to propose a new method to detect the epidemic of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) using seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average model [ARIMA(1,0,2)(0,1,2)12] with no constant and adjusted Tukey's control chart and the results obtained were interpreted using seventh interpretation rule. Data on the number of DHF cases in Chonburi reported during 2007-2013 were used. The results indicated that this new approach efficiently detected the epidemic of DHF in October 2015 with the forecasted number of DHF (257 cases) and root-mean-squared error (RMSE = 46...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203392/effects-of-moringa-oleifera-aqueous-leaf-extract-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-mice
#14
REVIEW
Muobarak J Tuorkey
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of knowledge regarding the underlying mechanisms of the antidiabetic activity of Moringa oleifera. This study investigates the antidiabetic effect of M. oleifera and its impact on the immune tolerance. METHODS: Alloxan-induced diabetes model for mice was used. A dose of 100 mg/kg of Moringa extract was orally administered to diabetic treated mice. Glucose and insulin levels were evaluated to calculate insulin resistance. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC), creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels were measured...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203391/effects-of-aqueous-extract-of-alfalfa-on-hyperglycemia-and-dyslipidemia-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-wistar-rats
#15
REVIEW
Masomeh Khosravi Farsani, Esmaiel Amraie, Peyman Kavian, Mahtab Keshvari
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aqueous extract of alfalfa on blood glucose and serum lipids in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two adult male Wistar rats weighing 210-250 g were selected and divided randomly into four groups of eight animals each for 21 days as follows: (1) control group, (2) diabetic control group, (3) diabetic group plus aqueous extract of alfalfa (250 mg/l), and (4) diabetic group plus aqueous extract of alfalfa (500 mg/l)...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203390/soluble-vascular-cell-adhesion-molecule-1-and-magnesium-sulfate-with-nifedipine-treatment-in-indonesian-women-with-severe-pre-eclampsia
#16
REVIEW
Hotma Partogi Pasaribu, Herman Hariman, R Haryono Roeshadi, Stephen C L Koh
BACKGROUND: Endothelial cell activation in pre-eclampsia is associated with elevated soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) levels. The objective of the study was to determine whether sVCAM-1 levels in Indonesian women with pre-eclampsia were similar to other ethnic studies and to determine the effects of magnesium sulfate with nifedipine on blood pressure. METHODS: A total of 61 pregnant women were admitted, who had normal pregnancy (n = 25) and severe pre-eclampsia (n = 36)...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26767124/percutaneous-rheolytic-mechanical-thrombectomy-in-thrombosed-direct-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-report-of-two-cases
#17
Dimitrios Tsetis, Elias Kehagias, Dimitrios Samonakis, Elias Kouroumalis, Adam Hatzidakis
We report two patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome, who underwent direct intrahepatic portosystemic shunt complicated by shunt thrombosis. Percutaneous AngioJet mechanical thrombectomy in combination with manual catheter aspiration and balloon disruption of the residual clot was successful, restoring patency of the thrombosed shunt.
December 2015: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26767123/acute-tips-occlusion-due-to-iatrogenic-arteriovenous-shunt-in-a-cirrhotic-patient-with-total-portal-vein-thrombosis
#18
Adam Hatzidakis, Elias Kouroumalis, Elias Kehagias, Emmanuel Digenakis, Dimitrios Samonakis, Dimitrios Tsetis
A 69-year-old man with portal hypertension was admitted with decompensated alcoholic cirrhosis and diuretic resistant ascites. Ultrasound revealed partial portal thrombosis. Due to diuretic intolerance, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) was decided during which a hepatic arterial branch was inadvertently catheterized. Finally, TIPS was created, but the patient continued gaining weight. Color-Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) showed upper stent part patency with absence of flow in lower stent portion...
December 2015: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26767122/pregnancy-management-of-women-with-kidney-transplantation
#19
Dávid Ágoston Kovács, László Szabó, Katalin Jenei, Roland Fedor, Gergely Zádori, Lajos Zsom, Krisztina Kabai, Anita Záhonyi, László Asztalos, Balázs Nemes
Women with renal disease, besides many dysfunctions, face increasing infertility and high-risk pregnancy due to uremia and changes of the hormonal functions. After renal transplantation, sexual dysfunction improves, providing the possibility of successful pregnancy for women of childbearing age. However, kidney transplanted patients are high-risk pregnant patients with increased maternal and fetal risks, and the graft also may be compromised during pregnancy; most studies report on several successive deliveries due to multidisciplinary team management...
December 2015: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26767121/comparative-and-evolutionary-insights-into-cd4-gene-across-mammalian-and-avian-taxa
#20
Naazneen Khan
The present day genetic architecture of a species bears much significance to its closely related species which is due to species-specific differences, shaped by different evolutionary forces across time scale. With the availability of whole genome sequence of several closely related species, it is now possible to infer evolutionary patterns of genes and genomes in specific lineages. To this respect, CD4 gene, primarily responsible for defensive mechanism in human, is conserved across a few taxa, and thus, comparative genomic studies could be useful for better understanding of host-pathogen biology...
December 2015: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
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