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Interventional Medicine & Applied Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180009/pseudothrombocytopenia-with-multiple-anticoagulant-sample-collection-tubes
#1
REVIEW
Ferenc Kovacs, Marina Varga, Zsolt Pataki, Erzsebet Rigo
The knowledge of pseudothrombocytopenia (PTCP) is important for the accuracy of a clinical assessment and for avoiding unnecessary treatment. An elderly patient was hospitalized with left lung pneumonia. Severe thrombocytopenia [platelet (PLT) number: 18 × 10(9)/L] without any clinical bleeding was found in ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid blood collection tube. PLT measurement was repeated in various anticoagulant [sodium citrate, lithium heparin, disodium oxalate, hirudin, and magnesium sulfate (Mg-sulfate)] sample collection tubes and all of them showed thrombocytopenia except with Mg-sulfate...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180008/use-of-orbital-atherectomy-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-via-the-transradial-approach
#2
REVIEW
Samer Mowakeaa, Branden Snyder, Nikolaos Kakouros
Severe coronary artery calcifications pose an ongoing challenge when performing percutaneous coronary interventions, resulting in an increased likelihood of procedural complications. Orbital atherectomy (OA) has emerged as a promising technology that helps improve outcomes in this complex patient population. Its safety and efficacy are yet to be demonstrated in the setting of acute myocardial infarction. We present a case of a patient with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) evaluated with emergent transradial coronary angiography...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180007/characteristics-of-cellular-composition-of-periodontal-pockets
#3
REVIEW
Petro Hasiuk, Nataliya Hasiuk, Dmytro Kindiy, Victoriya Ivanchyshyn, Dmytro Kalashnikov, Sergiy Zubchenko
PURPOSE: The development of inflammatory periodontal disease in young people is an urgent problem of today's periodontology, and requires a development of new methods that would give an opportunity not only to diagnose but also for prognosis of periodontitis course in a given patients contingent. RESULTS: Cellular structure of periodontal pockets is presented by hematogenous and epithelial cells. Our results are confirmed by previous studies, and show that the penetration of periodontal pathogens leads to formation in periodontal tissue of a highly active complex compounds-cytokines that are able to modify the activity of neutrophils and reduce their specific antibacterial properties...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180006/effects-of-amniotic-epithelial-cell-transplantation-in-endothelial-injury
#4
REVIEW
Gabriella Vácz, Attila Cselenyák, Zsuzsanna Cserép, Rita Benkő, Endre Kovács, Eszter Pankotai, Andrea Lindenmair, Susanne Wolbank, Charlotte M Schwarz, Dénes B Horváthy, Levente Kiss, István Hornyák, Zsombor Lacza
PURPOSE: Human amniotic epithelial cells (hAECs) are promising tools for endothelial repair in vascular regenerative medicine. We hypothesized that these epithelial cells are capable of repairing the damaged endothelial layer following balloon injury of the carotid artery in adult male rats. RESULTS: Two days after injury, the transplanted hAECs were observed at the luminal side of the arterial wall. Then, 4 weeks after the injury, significant intimal thickening was observed in both untreated and cell implanted vessels...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180005/the-role-of-urotensin-ii-and-atherosclerotic-risk-factors-in-patients-with-slow-coronary-flow
#5
REVIEW
Ömer Şatıroğlu, Murtaza Emre Durakoğlugil, Mustafa Çetin, Yüksel Çiçek, Turan Erdoğan, Hakan Duman
BACKGROUND: Slow coronary flow (SCF) is an angiographic finding characterized with delayed opacification of epicardial coronary arteries without obstructive coronary disease. Urotensin II (UII) is an important vascular peptide, which has an important role in hypertension, coronary artery disease, and vascular remodeling in addition to potent vasoconstrictor effect. OBJECTIVES: We investigated UII levels, hypertension, and other atherosclerotic risk factors in patients with SCF, a variety of coronary artery disease...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180004/associations-of-sit-up-ability-with-sarcopenia-classification-measures-in-japanese-older-women
#6
REVIEW
Takashi Abe, Yu Yaginuma, Eiji Fujita, Robert S Thiebaud, Masashi Kawanishi, Takuya Akamine
To test the hypothesis that sit-up performance is associated with sarcopenia classification measures, 93 older women aged 53-78 years were divided into three groups based on achieved repetitions (30 s) for the sit-up performance test: Group 0 (G 0, n = 33) performed 0 repetitions, Group 1-9 (G 1-9, n = 30) performed between 1 and 9 repetitions, and Group 10+ (G 10+, n = 30) performed over 10 repetitions. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-derived appendicular lean soft tissue mass (aLM), handgrip strength (HGS), usual walking speed, and chair stand were measured, and low muscle mass (aLM index) and poor physical function were defined according to previous studies...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180003/ventilator-associated-pneumonia-and-the-importance-of-education-of-icu-nurses-on-prevention-preliminary-results
#7
REVIEW
Bence Mogyoródi, Erzsébet Dunai, János Gál, Zsolt Iványi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) increases intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, ICU mortality, the number of ventilator days, and costs. We implemented a VAP bundle and investigated its efficacy on prevention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015 in a 12-bed multidisciplinary ICU. The bundle was implemented on July 02, 2015. Comparative analysis was performed before and after the implementation of the bundle...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180002/quality-of-life-after-tonsillectomy-versus-azithromycin
#8
REVIEW
Diaa El Din Mohamed El Hennawi, Mohamed Rifaat Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Recurrent tonsillitis is a common disease with marked evidence of affecting children quality of life (QOL) such as their progression in school and increased burden to extended families. The aim of this study was to compare the QOL outcomes after conventional dissection tonsillectomy versus azithromycin treatment in controlling recurrent tonsillitis. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized clinical trial was carried out in 184 children with recurrent tonsillitis randomly divided into two groups: Group A was subjected to conventional dissection tonsillectomy, whereas Group B received single 250 mg (children ≤25 kg) and 500 mg (children ≥25 kg) of oral azithromycin once weekly...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180001/assessment-of-platelet-function-in-patients-receiving-tirofiban-early-after-primary-coronary-intervention
#9
REVIEW
Péter Kupó, Dániel Aradi, Adrienn Tornyos, Margit Tőkés-Füzesi, András Komócsi
BACKGROUND: Following percutaneous coronary intervention, combined antiplatelet therapy is necessary. Platelet function testing (PFT) has prognostic value and may be applied in the risk assessment of acute coronary syndrome. In case of combined antiplatelet therapy, PFT may require special laboratory methods, as different antiplatelet agents may influence test results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Platelet functions were measured in stent thrombosis-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients receiving aspirin, clopidogrel, and tirofiban...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203396/a-rare-case-of-tuberculous-salpingitis
#10
REVIEW
Anatolii Romaniuk, Nataliya Gyryavenko, Mykola Lyndin, Sofiia Romaniuk, Miroslav Starkiv, Galina Slobodyan
The objective of this study was to give an overview of a rare case of tuberculosis of the left fallopian tube in postmenopausal women. It is known that the isolated tuberculous salpingitis without spreading to the endometrium is extremely rare case. In our case, it simulated a cancer of appendages at the late stages that were proved by the increased level of CA-125. This fact as well as the macroscopic image of the left fallopian tube was incorrectly considered by the clinicians as a malignant neoplasm of fallopian tube...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203395/the-bronchial-obstruction-as-a-complication-of-endovascular-repair-of-aortic-pseudoaneurysm-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#11
REVIEW
Mahmut Yesin, Cüneyt Toprak, Emrah Acar, Macit Kalçık, Ahmet Erdal Taşçı, Selçuk Pala
Behçet's disease (BD) is an autoimmune disorder affecting multiple organs. Aortic pseudoaneurysm is the most catastrophic lesion in BD. This lesion type is considered as a complicated and challenging pathology by surgeons because of the technical operative difficulties and frequent recurrence. So, the endovascular repair of inflammatory aortic pseudoaneurysm has been used as an alternative to open surgical repair. It is particularly important in patients who are high-risk surgical candidates because of comorbidities...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203394/structural-features-of-bone-marrow
#12
REVIEW
Anatolii Romaniuk, Yuliia Lyndina, Vladyslav Sikora, Mykola Lyndin, Ludmyla Karpenko, Oksana Gladchenko, Igor Masalitin
PURPOSE: This article is devoted to the investigation of the structural features of the bone marrow of mature rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The investigation of the structural features of the bone marrow was performed on the femurs of the mature male rats. General structure of the organ was studied with hematoxylin-eosin and Van Gieson staining of samples. Certain features of the bone marrow structure were studied using immunohistochemical method (CD3, CD79α, S100, myeloperoxidase, and cyclin D1)...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203393/a-new-approach-to-detect-epidemic-of-dhf-by-combining-arima-model-and-adjusted-tukey-s-control-chart-with-interpretation-rules
#13
REVIEW
Jatupat Mekparyup, Kidakan Saithanu
The aim of this study was to propose a new method to detect the epidemic of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) using seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average model [ARIMA(1,0,2)(0,1,2)12] with no constant and adjusted Tukey's control chart and the results obtained were interpreted using seventh interpretation rule. Data on the number of DHF cases in Chonburi reported during 2007-2013 were used. The results indicated that this new approach efficiently detected the epidemic of DHF in October 2015 with the forecasted number of DHF (257 cases) and root-mean-squared error (RMSE = 46...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203392/effects-of-moringa-oleifera-aqueous-leaf-extract-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-mice
#14
REVIEW
Muobarak J Tuorkey
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of knowledge regarding the underlying mechanisms of the antidiabetic activity of Moringa oleifera. This study investigates the antidiabetic effect of M. oleifera and its impact on the immune tolerance. METHODS: Alloxan-induced diabetes model for mice was used. A dose of 100 mg/kg of Moringa extract was orally administered to diabetic treated mice. Glucose and insulin levels were evaluated to calculate insulin resistance. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC), creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels were measured...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203391/effects-of-aqueous-extract-of-alfalfa-on-hyperglycemia-and-dyslipidemia-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-wistar-rats
#15
REVIEW
Masomeh Khosravi Farsani, Esmaiel Amraie, Peyman Kavian, Mahtab Keshvari
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aqueous extract of alfalfa on blood glucose and serum lipids in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two adult male Wistar rats weighing 210-250 g were selected and divided randomly into four groups of eight animals each for 21 days as follows: (1) control group, (2) diabetic control group, (3) diabetic group plus aqueous extract of alfalfa (250 mg/l), and (4) diabetic group plus aqueous extract of alfalfa (500 mg/l)...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203390/soluble-vascular-cell-adhesion-molecule-1-and-magnesium-sulfate-with-nifedipine-treatment-in-indonesian-women-with-severe-pre-eclampsia
#16
REVIEW
Hotma Partogi Pasaribu, Herman Hariman, R Haryono Roeshadi, Stephen C L Koh
BACKGROUND: Endothelial cell activation in pre-eclampsia is associated with elevated soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) levels. The objective of the study was to determine whether sVCAM-1 levels in Indonesian women with pre-eclampsia were similar to other ethnic studies and to determine the effects of magnesium sulfate with nifedipine on blood pressure. METHODS: A total of 61 pregnant women were admitted, who had normal pregnancy (n = 25) and severe pre-eclampsia (n = 36)...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250982/proximal-scalloped-custom-made-relay%C3%A2-stent-graft-in-chronic-type-b-dissection-endovascular-repair-in-a-drug-abuser-patient
#17
Zoltán Szeberin, Balázs Nemes, Csaba Csobay-Novák, Zsuzsa Mihály, László Entz
The best solution for enlarging chronic type B aortic dissection is not known. Hybrid surgical and endovascular procedures offer a reliable solution in such circumstances, but technically complex stent-graft designs are sometimes needed when the treatment segment of the aorta presents anatomical challenges. We report a case of a proximally scalloped custom-made stent-graft implantation following left subclavian artery transposition in a formerly cocaine-abuser patient. The one-month follow-up computed tomography angiography showed a proximal endoleak (type Ia) which was successfully solved by coil embolization...
March 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250981/clinical-presentation-and-outcomes-in-type-iv-dual-left-anterior-descending-artery-anomaly
#18
Yiğit Çanga, Tolga Sinan Güvenç, Mehmet Baran Karataş, Tahir Bezgin, Bariş Güngör, Rengin Çetin, Osman Bolca
Type IV dual left anterior descending artery (LAD) anomaly constitutes a rare subset of coronary anomalies in which the anterior and anterolateral wall of the left ventricle is supplied by a short LAD originating from the left coronary artery along with a long LAD that originates from the right sinus of Valsalva. Albeit rare, the angiographic presentation is challenging since the appearance of the short LAD is similar to a total occlusion beyond first few diagonal or septal branches. Here, we present a series of four cases with type IV dual LAD anomaly with different clinical and angiographic presentations...
March 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250980/a-rare-case-of-abdominal-infection-emphysematous-pyelonephritis-without-diabetes
#19
Erden Erol Ünlüer, Yusuf Şahı N, Orhan Oyar, Gözde Canan Tan, Arı F Karagöz, Celaleddı N Turan
Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EP) is a rare form of necrotizing pyelonephritis. It is a life-threatening condition that usually affects patients with diabetes, and a small percentage may be due to urinary tract obstruction. Here, we present the case of an EP caused by urinary tract obstruction without diabetes. A 45-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with fever, chills, and abdominal pain. There was no significant past history. Physical examination depicted bilateral lower abdominal and right flank knocking tenderness...
March 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250979/an-unusual-radiological-presentation-of-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-colon
#20
Joanna Swann, Jakub Kaczynski
We report a case of an elderly patient presenting with the left iliac fossa mass. The provisional diagnosis included an inflammatory diverticular mass or sigmoid colon cancer. Interestingly, computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis demonstrated the left incarcerated Spigelian hernia containing an inflamed loop of the colon with signs of an early strangulation. However, at operation, a mucinous tumor was found involving the descending and upper sigmoid colon. The tumor eroded through the anterior abdominal wall, which was excised "en bloc...
March 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
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