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Interventional Medicine & Applied Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201444/the-interaction-effects-of-resistance-training-and-sustanon-abuse-on-liver-antioxidant-activities-and-serum-enzymes-in-male-rats
#1
Hamid Arazi, Siavash Rahmati, Hosein Ghafoori
Background: Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are synthetic drugs derived from testosterone, the uncontrolled usage of which may lead to serious side effects. Previous studies have shown that resistance training (RT) is the main exercise modality practiced by AAS abusers. Thus, this work was carried out to evaluate the hepatotoxic effects of sustanon (Su) as an example of AAS in trained male rats. Methods: Rats were divided into sedentary/non-Su, sedentary/Su, RT/non-Su, and RT/Su...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201443/anatomical-and-morphological-aspects-of-papillae-epithelium-muscles-and-glands-of-rats-tongue-light-scanning-and-transmission-electron-microscopic-study
#2
Ludmila Davydova, Gennadii Tkach, Alexey Tymoshenko, Alexey Moskalenko, Vitalii Sikora, Ludmila Kyptenko, Mykola Lyndin, Dmytro Muravskyi, Olena Maksymova, Olga Suchonos
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the research results of the morphological structure of white laboratory rats' tongue at the macro-, micro-, and ultrastructural levels by scanning, light, and transmission electron microscopy. Results: Our results show that the tongue of these rats has a number of unique morphological features that are different from the tongue of other rodents consequently to allow identifying their species-specific features. Conclusions: Our findings have shown the features of the tongue structure of white laboratory rats at micro-, macro-, and ultrascopic levels...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201442/is-there-an-association-between-abo-blood-grouping-and-periodontal-disease-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Mansour Al-Askar
Introduction: Although several studies have investigated the relationship between ABO blood group and medical diseases, few reports have explored the association with oral diseases, including periodontal disease (PD). Aim: The aim of this literature review was to assess the association between the ABO blood grouping and PD. Methods: We searched PubMed and Google Scholar databases using the following terms in different combinations: "ABO blood group," "periodontitis," "aggressive periodontitis (AP)," "risk factor," and "Rhesus factor...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201441/sex-differences-of-odontometrical-indexes-crowns-of-molars
#4
Petro Hasiuk, Anna Vorobets, Nataliya Hasiuk, Svitlana Rosolovska, Irina Bodnarchuk, Volodymyr Radchuk
Modern reconstructive methods of dentistry (stopping, restoration, and prosthetics with different types of orthopedic constructions) require detailed examination of the anatomical structure of the teeth crowns, especially examination of the knowledge about the relief of masticatory surface. That is why, we conducted a detailed examination of the features of odontoglyphics of molars, according to the sex and determination the odontometrical teeth indices of the citizens of Ternopil region. To achieve the goals, we use the following research methods, such as odontological, odontometrical, and statistical...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201440/evaluation-of-ghrelin-levels-and-endothelial-functions-in-patients-with-coronary-slow-flow-phenomenon
#5
Oğuzhan Çelik, Erkan Demirci, Mustafa Aydın, Turgut Karabag, Macit Kalçık
Background: Ghrelin has recently been reported to have beneficial effects on cardiac contractile functions and coronary blood flow. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the role of ghrelin in the pathogenesis of coronary slow flow (CSF) together with endothelial functions. Methods: Twenty-five patients having normal coronary arteries with CSF and 25 controls with normal coronary flow were included into the study. The quantitative measurement of coronary blood flow was performed for each coronary artery using the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame count (TFC) method...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201439/management-of-an-acute-ischemic-stroke-during-thrombolytic-treatment-in-a-pregnant-patient-with-prosthetic-valve-thrombosis
#6
Macit Kalçık, Mahmut Yesin, Emrah Bayam, Mustafa Ozan Gürsoy, Ahmet Güner, Sabahattin Gündüz, Mehmet Özkan
Prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT) is a life-threatening complication in pregnant women with mechanical prosthetic heart valves. Thrombolytic therapy (TT) has evolved as an effective treatment alternative to surgery, which is associated with very high maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity in these patients. Acute ischemic stroke may rarely occur during TT for PVT. Here, we present a pregnant patient who was complicated with cerebral thromboembolism during TT for PVT and successfully managed with continuation of TT...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201438/pathomorphological-peculiarities-of-tuberculous-meningoencephalitis-associated-with-hiv-infection
#7
Volodymyr M Kozko, Andriy V Bondarenko, Anatoliy V Gavrylov, Olga S Shevchenko, Vitalii V Gargin
Background and aims: One of the most severe manifestation displays of tuberculosis (TB) generalization is meningitis/meningoencephalitis. The purpose of this work was to improve the diagnostic efficiency of TB central nervous system (CNS) affection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons. Materials and methods: Meninges and cerebral tissues, taken from died patients, who were HIV-infected and dead from TB of CNS affection, were investigated histologically...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201437/impact-of-a-multicomponent-hand-hygiene-intervention-strategy-in-reducing-infection-rates-at-a-university-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Ahmed Al Kuwaiti
Background and aims: Few studies have reported the correlation between hand hygiene (HH) practices and infection rates in Saudi Arabia. This work was aimed to study the effect of a multicomponent HH intervention strategy in improving HH compliance and reducing infection rates at King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia between January 2014 and December 2016. Methods: A yearlong multicomponent HH intervention, which included various strategies recommended by the World Health Organization, was introduced...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201436/therapeutic-benefits-of-phosphodiesterase-5-inhibition-in-chronic-heart-failure-a-meta-analysis
#9
Renato De Vecchis, Arturo Cesaro, Carmelina Ariano
Background: Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5i) have been shown to be beneficial for patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. However, several studies would have documented a useful effect of PDE5i even for pulmonary hypertension secondary to left-sided chronic heart failure (CHF). Methods: We performed a meta-analysis including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which had compared PDE5i (mostly sildenafil) and placebo in CHF patients. Results: Fourteen studies enrolling a total of 928 patients were incorporated in the meta-analysis...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201435/endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-gene-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-slow-coronary-flow
#10
Nurzen Sezgin, Abdullah Tekin, Fatma Belgin Atac, Hasibe Verdi, Alpay Turan Sezgin
Background and aims: The aim of this study was to explore potential associations of the intron 4 variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) and E298A polymorphisms of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene with slow coronary flow (SCF). The association between plasma nitrate and nitrite (NO x ) concentrations and eNOS gene polymorphisms was also assessed. Materials and methods: The intron 4 VNTR and E298A polymorphisms of the eNOS gene were evaluated in the isolated DNA blood samples obtained from the SCF patient group ( n  = 30) and healthy group consisted of age- and sex-matched controls ( n  = 61)...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932506/coronary-stent-concertina-in-proximal-left-anterior-descending-artery-an-unusual-case
#11
Shivanand Patil, Natraj Setty, Rangaraj Ramalingam, Jayashree Kharge, Cholenahally Nanjappa Manjunath
Since the emergence of stents, there has been persistent improvement in flexibility and deliverability of stents with modifications in its design and number of connectors. This has unfortunately created negative effect on longitudinal strength of stent resulting into a recently recognized and unaccustomed complication, longitudinal stent deformation (LSD). It is an abrupt shortening of the stent along its longitudinal axis, usually after deployment, due to various reasons. We present a case of LSD in Promus Element stent implanted at proximal left anterior descending artery...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932505/the-features-of-morphological-changes-in-the-urinary-bladder-under-combined-effect-of-heavy-metal-salts
#12
Anatolii Romaniuk, Vladyslav Sikora, Mykola Lyndin, Vladyslav Smiyanov, Volodymyr Sikora, Yulia Lyndina, Artem Piddubnyi, Nataliya Gyryavenko, Anna Korobchanska
PURPOSE: This study is aimed to the investigation of the features of morphological changes in the urinary bladder of mature rats. RESULTS: Received results shown that the experimental group of rats that had the intake of heavy metal salts (HMS) mixture during 30 and 90 days were observed histological and immunohistochemical changes in all structures of the urinary bladder. Depending on the period of influence of heavy metal ions on the wall of the organ, the pathological changes developed in cellular layers of the wall can lead to degenerative and later to atrophic and sclerotic changes...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932504/effects-of-intracameral-cefuroxime-on-corneal-endothelial-cell-counts-and-its-morphology-after-cataract-surgery
#13
Kourosh Shahraki, Mohammad Naeim Amini Fard, Farkhondeh Shahri, Rama Pourmatin, Tafgeh Mohammadi, Paria Ghasemi Boroumand, Kianoush Shahraki
BACKGROUND: Endophthalmitis is one of the most important complications after cataract surgery and in case event can cause many symptoms, such as severe decrease in eyesight and/or even the loss of vision. Employing methods to reduce this problem is very important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intracameral cefuroxime after cataract surgery on corneal endothelial cell counts and its morphology. METHODS: In this study, 32 eyes of 30 patients underwent endothelial cell count and morphology assessment by ConfoScan III device before and 1 month after cataract surgery...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932503/effect-of-high-tibial-osteotomy-on-hip-biomechanics-in-patients-with-genu-varum-a%C3%A2-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Mehdi Moghtadaei, Ali Yeganeh, Bahram Boddouhi, Atefe Alaee, Hossein Farahini, Babak Otoukesh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of proximal tibia osteotomy on hip biomechanics. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted on 50 knees of 37 patients divided into two groups of unilateral and bilateral surgeries during 2015-2016. Patients underwent medial open-wedge osteotomy of proximal tibia. Axial alignment of lower limb radiography was carried out for the patients before and after the osteotomy. RESULTS: Findings from unilateral and bilateral high tibial osteotomies demonstrated that the average of greater trochanter (GT) angle from femoral head center and also the average angle of knee varus were significantly decreased (P = 0...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932502/ultrasound-guided-direct-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-in-patients-with-budd-chiari-syndrome-short-and-long-term-results
#15
Adam Hatzidakis, Nikolaos Galanakis, Elias Kehagias, Dimitrios Samonakis, Mairi Koulentaki, Erminia Matrella, Dimitrios Tsetis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is treated with anticoagulation therapy, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), angioplasty, and liver transplantation. TIPS is not always technically feasible, due to the complete hepatic venous thrombosis. Direct intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (DIPS) is an alternative method for decompression of portal hypertension. This is a retrospective, single-center study aiming to evaluate the outcome of ultrasound (US)-guided DIPS in patients with BCS...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932501/development-and-validation-of-prediabetes-risk-score-for-predicting-prediabetes-among-indonesian-adults-in-primary-care-cross-sectional-diagnostic-study
#16
Isti Ilmiati Fujiati, Harun Alrasyid Damanik, Adang Bachtiar, Andi Armyn Nurdin, Paul Ward
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a risk score model for recognizing prediabetes among Indonesian adults in primary care. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional diagnostic study. After excluding subjects with diabetes from Indonesian National Basic Health Survey (INBHS) data set, 21,720 subjects who have completed fasting plasma glucose test and aged >18 years were selected for development stage. About 6,933 subjects were selected randomly from INBHS for validation stage in different diagnostic criteria of prediabetes-based random plasma glucose...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932500/effects-of-low-load-resistance-exercise-with-blood-flow-restriction-on-high-energy-phosphate-metabolism-and-oxygenation-level-in-skeletal-muscle
#17
Osamu Yanagisawa, Manabu Sanomura
We aimed to evaluate the effects of low-load resistance exercise with blood flow restriction (BFR) on high-energy phosphate metabolism, intracellular pH, and oxygenation level in the skeletal muscle. Seven males performed low-load ankle plantar flexion exercise (120 repetitions, 30% of one-repetition maximum) with and without BFR (130% of systolic blood pressure) inside a magnetic resonance device. Inorganic phosphate (Pi)-to-phosphocreatine (PCr) ratio, intracellular pH, and tissue oxygenation index (TOI) in the medial gastrocnemius were determined using (31)P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy and near-infrared spectroscopy before and during exercise...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932499/evaluation-of-noise-pollution-level-in-the-operating-rooms-of-hospitals-a-study-in-iran
#18
Masoumeh Dorri Giv, Karim Ghazikhanlou Sani, Majid Alizadeh, Ali Valinejadi, Hesamedin Askari Majdabadi
INTRODUCTION: Noise pollution in the operating rooms is one of the remaining challenges. Both patients and physicians are exposed to different sound levels during the operative cases, many of which can last for hours. This study aims to evaluate the noise pollution in the operating rooms during different surgical procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, sound level in the operating rooms of Hamadan University-affiliated hospitals (totally 10) in Iran during different surgical procedures was measured using B&K sound meter...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932498/hemodynamic-effect-of-intravenous-lidocaine-during-aortic-cannulation-in-cardiac-surgery
#19
Ziya Totonchi, Shirin Salajegheh, Mahmoud Reza Mohaghegh, Mehrdad Mesbah Kiaei, Mohammad Shirvani, Masoud Ghorbanlo
BACKGROUND: Dissection of aorta is a rare, but fatal complication of aortic cannulation in cardiac surgery can be caused by the sudden rise in blood pressure and hemodynamic variations. METHODS: In this study, 90 patients aged 18 years or older undergoing cardiac surgery were divided into two equal groups. Under similar conditions, trial group received 1.5 mg/kg of lidocaine for 90 s before cannulation and control group received normal saline. Hemodynamic parameters of patients including systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and central venous pressure before cannulation and 1, 3, and 5 min after cannulation were recorded in a form...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932497/evaluation-of-amiodarone-versus-metoprolol-in-treating-atrial-fibrillation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#20
Alireza Kamali, Amir Sanatkar, Mehrzad Sharifi, Esmaeil Moshir
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia affecting patients in open heart ICU after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Most cardiac surgery textbooks recommend beta blockers as the drug of choice for treating such a condition while many experienced physicians and a number of anesthesiology references offer amiodarone as the drug of choice. Therefore, because of insufficient evidence and the aforementioned controversy, we decided to conduct a study evaluating these two antiarrhythmic medicines...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
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