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Infection & Chemotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032490/predictors-of-treatment-success-for-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#1
EDITORIAL
Sang Won Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032489/mixed-respiratory-viral-infections-in-children-with-adenoviral-infections
#2
EDITORIAL
Jin Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032488/beyond-the-routine-influenza-surveillance
#3
EDITORIAL
Sang Ho Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032487/budding-yeast-cells-in-peripheral-blood-smear-clue-to-candidemia
#4
LETTER
Sung Yeon Cho, Hyojin Chae, Myungshin Kim, Dong Gun Lee, Hee Je Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032486/current-situation-of-antimicrobial-resistance-and-genetic-differences-in-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-complex-isolates-by-multilocus-variable-number-of-tandem-repeat-analysis
#5
Ji Young Rhee, Jae Hoon Song, Kwan Soo Ko
BACKGROUND: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is one of several opportunistic pathogens of growing significance. Several studies on the molecular epidemiology of S. maltophilia have shown clinical isolates to be genetically diverse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 121 clinical isolates tentatively identified as S. malophilia from seven tertiary-care hospitals in Korea from 2007 to 2011 were included. Species and groups were identified using partial gyrB gene sequences and antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed using a broth microdilution method...
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032485/clinical-and-therapeutic-implications-of-aeromonas-bacteremia-14-years-nation-wide-experiences-in-korea
#6
Ji Young Rhee, Dong Sik Jung, Kyong Ran Peck
BACKGROUND: To elucidate the clinical presentation, antimicrobial susceptibility, and prognostic factors of monomicrobial Aeromonas bacteremia in order to determine the most effective optimal therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of Aeromonas bacteremia patients for the period January 2000 to December 2013 in a retrospective multi-center study. RESULTS: A total of 336 patient records were reviewed, with 242 having community-acquired bacteremia...
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032484/treatment-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia
#7
REVIEW
Eun Ju Choo, Henry F Chambers
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a significant cause of health care-associated infections. Vancomycin remains an acceptable treatment option. There has been a welcome increase in the number of agents available for the treatment of MRSA infection. These drugs have certain differentiating attributes and may offer some advantages over vancomycin, but they also have significant limitations. These agents provide some alternative when no other options are available.
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032483/indirect-effects-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-in-national-immunization-programs-for-children-on-adult-pneumococcal-disease
#8
REVIEW
Young Keun Kim, David LaFon, Moon H Nahm
The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) was developed to overcome the limitations of the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine, which produces poor immunogenicity in infants younger than 2 years. As many countries have included PCVs in national immunization programs for children, the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease caused by vaccine type Streptococcus pneumoniae has declined markedly, not only among the vaccinated pediatric population, but also among unvaccinated adults. In this review, we present a concise overview of the indirect effects of mass pediatric PCV immunization on unvaccinated adults...
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883376/sensitivity-of-the-cytomegalovirus-antigenemia-assay-to-diagnose-cytomegalovirus-retinitis
#9
Sun In Hong, Taeeun Kim, Se Yoon Park, Jiwon Jung, Joo Yong Lee, Yong Phil Chong, Heungsup Sung, Sang Oh Lee, Sang Ho Choi, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Sung Han Kim
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is one of the most important tissue-invasive CMV diseases in immunocompromised patients. Since 1980, non-invasive diagnostic methods, notably the CMV antigenemia assay, have been widely used as adjunct tests to diagnose tissue-invasive CMV diseases. However, there are limited data on the diagnostic value of the CMV antigenemia assay for diagnosing CMV retinitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all cases of CMV retinitis at Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea over a 9-year period...
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883375/analysis-of-risk-factors-for-severe-acute-respiratory-infection-and-pneumonia-and-among-adult-patients-with-acute-respiratory-illness-during-2011-2014-influenza-seasons-in-korea
#10
Seong Hui Kang, Hee Jin Cheong, Joon Young Song, Ji Yun Noh, Ji Ho Jeon, Min Joo Choi, Jacob Lee, Yu Bin Seo, Jin Soo Lee, Seong Heon Wie, Hye Won Jeong, Young Keun Kim, Kyung Hwa Park, Shin Woo Kim, Eun Joo Jeong, Sun Hee Lee, Won Suk Choi, Woo Joo Kim
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends the surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI) and severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) to respond effectively to both seasonal influenza epidemics and pandemics. In Korea, the "Hospital-based Influenza Morbidity and Mortality (HIMM)" surveillance system has been operated to monitor ILI and SARI occurrences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multi-center prospective observational study was conducted. Adult patients with acute respiratory infection (ARI) were enrolled during the 2011-12, 2012-2013, and 2013-2014 influenza seasons at the 10 university hospitals using the HIMM surveillance system...
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883374/association-between-body-mass-index-and-sputum-culture-conversion-among-south-korean-patients-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-a-tuberculosis-referral-hospital
#11
Hyun Oh Park, Sung Hwan Kim, Seong Ho Moon, Joung Hun Byun, Jong Woo Kim, Chung Eun Lee, Jong Duk Kim, In Seok Jang, Jun Ho Yang
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is an important global health problem. Furthermore, the time to identify a positive sputum culture is an important risk factor for the spread of tuberculosis, and several factors can predict a prolonged time to culture conversion. Moreover, the relationship between poor nutritional status and infectious disease is clearly established. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and sputum culture conversion within 3 months among patients with MDR-TB...
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883373/clinical-impact-of-mixed-respiratory-viral-infection-in-children-with-adenoviral-infection
#12
Hyun Jun Lee, Young Eun Seo, Seung Beom Han, Dae Chul Jeong, Jin Han Kang
BACKGROUND: Although adenovirus (ADV) infection occurs steadily all year round in Korea and the identification of respiratory viral coinfections has been increasing following the introduction of multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction tests, the clinical impact of viral coinfection in children with ADV infection has rarely been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of children diagnosed with ADV infection were retrospectively reviewed. The enrolled children were divided into two groups based on the identified respiratory viruses: ADV group and coinfection group...
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883372/a-case-of-transverse-myelitis-caused-by-varicella-zoster-virus-in-an-immunocompetent-older-patient
#13
Jeong Eun Lee, Shinwon Lee, Kye Hyung Kim, Hee Ryeong Jang, Young Joo Park, Jin Suk Kang, Sung Yong Han, Sun Hee Lee
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a human neurotropic alphaherpesvirus that causes chickenpox (varicella) in children. VZV reactivation may lead to neurological complications, including transverse myelitis. However, transverse myelitis caused by VZV reactivation is rare in immunocompetent patients. Herein, we report a case of transverse myelitis caused by VZV in an immunocompetent older patient, and confirmed this case by polymerase chain reaction. A 79-year-old woman visited our service with complaints of weakness in the right lower leg, generalized vesicular eruptions, and throbbing pain in the right flank for ten days...
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883371/severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-presenting-with-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis
#14
Jongmin Lee, Gyeongmin Jeong, Ji Hun Lim, Hawk Kim, Sun Whan Park, Won Ja Lee, Jae Bum Jun
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging tick-borne disease caused by the newly discovered SFTS Bunyavirus, and there have been no case reports of SFTS patients presenting with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in the English literature. We report a case of SFTS presenting with HLH in a 73-year-old immunocompetent male farmer. Although the patient had poor prognostic factors for SFTS, such as old age and central nervous system symptoms, he recovered fully with supportive care...
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883370/epstein-barr-virus-associated-hemophagocytic-syndrome-after-scrub-typhus-infection
#15
Jeong Woo Hong, Hyun Seon You, Tae Won Lee, Won Yong Jo, Bo Ra Kim, Young Sun Suh, In Gyu Bae, Oh Hyun Cho
There have been a small number of cases of scrub typhus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS), most of which were treated successfully using adequate antibiotics. Here, we report a case of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated HPS after scrub typhus infection that was not improved using antirickettsial treatment. A 73-year-old male who had been diagnosed with scrub typhus according to an eschar and a positive serology was transferred to our institution because of a persistent fever despite 7-day doxycycline therapy...
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883369/acinetobacter-prosthetic-joint-infection-treated-with-debridement-and-high-dose-tigecycline
#16
Andrea Vila, Hugo Pagella, Claudio Amadio, Alejandro Leiva
Prosthesis retention is not recommended for multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter prosthetic joint infection due to its high failure rate. Nevertheless, replacing the prosthesis implies high morbidity and prolonged hospitalization. Although tigecycline is not approved for the treatment of prosthetic joint infection due to multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, its appropriate use may preclude prosthesis exchange. Since the area under the curve divided by the minimum inhibitory concentration is the best pharmacodynamic predictor of its efficacy, we used tigecycline at high dose, in order to optimize its efficacy and achieve implant retention in 3 patients who refused prosthesis exchange...
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704737/collaborative-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-research-for-optimization-of-antimicrobial-therapy
#17
Seunghoon Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704736/lactate-as-a-biomarker-for-sepsis-prognosis
#18
Ha Eun Kang, Dae Won Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704735/antibiotic-resistant-gram-negative-bacteremia-in-febrile-neutropenic-children
#19
Jina Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704734/are-community-based-hospitals-safe-from-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-in-korea
#20
Chang Seop Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
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