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Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research

Onkar Balasaheb Auti, Ranganath R, Murali Mohan Bv, Vimal Raj
Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is serious public health problem in India and worldwide. The mortality rate in pulmonary TB is high in those with advanced disease and in presence of complications. It presents with wide variety of complications of which haematological complications are rare. Many cases were reported pulmonary TB associated with deep venous thrombosis, hepatic and portal venous thrombosis, central retinal venous thrombosis and sagittal sinus thrombosis in TB meningitis. We report a rare case of pulmonary TB with pulmonary venous thrombosis and atrial extension...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Mehrnoush Toufan, Babak Kazemi, Negin Molazadeh
Introduction: Electrical cardioversion (ECV) is a safe method for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. It seems that left atrial volume index (LAVI) could be a good marker in predicting the success of ECV. The purpose of this study is to assess of the significance of LAVI measurement before ECV in predicting the recurrence of the AF. Methods: Fifty-one patients with AF, selected for ECV were studied in the cardiology department of Tabriz University of medical sciences. The clinical and demographic data of all the patients were obtained...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Samad Ghaffari, Mohammadreza Taban Sadeghi, Mohammad Hossein Sayyadi
Introduction: Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death worldwide and electrocardiogram (ECG) is a reliable diagnostic tool to determine a myocardial infarction. The present study tried to compare the relationship between the ECG findings and angiographic findings in patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction. Methods: Seventy-four patients with acute anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction (Ant- STEMI) presenting to the emergency room in the first 12 hours after the onset of symptoms were studied...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Shirin Djalalinia, Ali Sheidaei, Fatemeh Rezaei, Tahereh Arefirad, Saeid Safiri, Hamid Asayesh, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh
Introduction: This study aims to assess the associated factors of physical inactivity among Iranian children and adolescents at national level. The second objective is to assess the relationship of physical inactivity with anthropometric measures. Methods: Along with a national surveillance program, this survey on weight disorders was conducted among a nationally-representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents, aged 6-18 years. Students were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling from rural and urban areas of 30 provinces of Iran...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Abolfazl Dohaei, Sepideh Taghavi, Ahmad Amin, Shahin Rahimi, Nasim Naderi
Introduction: Noninvasive measurement of arterial stiffness by pulse-wave velocity (PWV) has prognostic value in different sub groups of cardiovascular disorders. We aimed to measure the PWV in advanced heart failure (HF) patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and investigate whether it has any prognostic significance in this group of patients. Methods: Between 2013 to 2015 patients with a diagnosis of advanced HF (LVEF ≤ 30%) scheduled for right heart catheterization (RHC) were included in our study...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Mehrnoush Toufan, Leili Pourafkari, Leila Ghahremani Nasab, Ali Esfahani, Zohreh Sanaat, Alireza Nikanfar, Nader D Nader
Introduction: Two-dimensional (2D) strain echocardiography has emerged as a novel method for early diagnosis of myocardial dysfunction in patients receiving anthracycline chemotherapy. Certain myocardial segments might be more vulnerable for development of dysfunction. Methods: Sixty-three patients with breast cancer who were deemed amenable for anthracycline chemotherapy were prospectively studied from March 2013 to March 2015 in University Hospital settings. Global left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF), fractional shortening and the strain over 17 segments of the LV were examined using 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) before and after chemotherapy...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Mohammad Hossein Sharifi, Mohammad Hassan Eftekhari, Mohammad Ali Ostovan, Abbas Rezaianazadeh
Introduction: Myocardial infarction (MI) has a deleterious effect on quality of life (QoL), which can affect cardiac prognosis after MI. Thus, new strategies have to be identified for improving the QoL. To our knowledge, no studies have been conducted on the impact of therapeutic lifestyle change (TLC) diet and L-carnitine plus Q10 supplementation on QoL after MI. Methods: The study aimed to measure 128 MI patients' QoL using MacNew QoL questionnaire (global scales and physical, emotional, and social subscales) before and 3 months after the intervention...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Roya Kelishadi, Ramin Heshmat, Farshad Farzadfar, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlag, Maryam Bahreynian, Saeid Safiri, Gelayol Ardalan, Ehsan Rezaei Darzi, Hamid Asayesh, Fatemeh Rezaei, Mostafa Qorbani
Introduction: The aim of the present study is to explore the prevalence and mean of cardiometabolic risk factors and liver enzymes of Iranian adolescents living in regions with different socioeconomic status (SES). To the best of our knowledge this is the first study reporting these data at sub-national level in Iran. Methods: This multi-centric study was performed in 2009-2010 on a stratified multi-stage probability sample of 5940 students aged 10-18 years, living in urban and rural areas of 27 provinces of Iran...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Fatemeh Gholami, Malihe Khoramdad, Nader Esmailnasab, Ghobad Moradi, Bijan Nouri, Saeid Safiri, Yousef Alimohamadi
Introduction: There is no global consensus on the relationship of dairy products with cardiovascular diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the consumption of dairy products on cardiovascular diseases, including stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods: Important electronic databases such as the Scopus, Science Direct, and PubMed were evaluated up to September 2014. All prospective cohort studies that evaluated the relationship between dairy products consumption and cardiovascular diseases were included regardless of their publication date and language...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Efrén Martínez-Quintana, Fayna Rodríguez-González
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Mehrnoush Toufan, Leili Pourafkari, Nader D Nader
A 58 years old male with a long-standing history of HLA-B27 positive ankylosing spondylitis presented with increasing fatigue and dyspnea on exertion. He had left ventricular dysfunction and enlargement, flail right coronary leaflet of aortic valve with severe eccentric aortic insufficiency along with left ventricular non-compaction in echocardiography. The most common cardiac manifestations of ankylosing spondylitis are aortic insufficiency and conduction disturbances. Involvement of myocardium, in the form of dilated cardiomyopathy and restrictive cardiomyopathy, has also been reported...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Ahmad Jamalizadeh, Zahra Kamiab, Ali Esmaeili Nadimi, Mohsen Nejadghaderi, Ala Saeidi, Amirhossein Porkarami
Introduction: In recent years non-communicable diseases (NCDs) risk factors such as tobacco consumption and high blood pressure (BP) have been increased. This study aimed to determine the frequency of risk factors of the main NCDs among inhabitants of Rafsanjan city. Methods: Our study is a part of NCD surveillance in Iran (SuRF NCD). A total of 640 people enrolled and divided in four age groups in urban and rural areas in Rafsanjan (a city in Kerman province). Data were collected using the standardized stepwise protocol for NCD risk factor surveillance of the World Health Organization (WHO)...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Samad Ghaffari, Leili Pourafkari, Arezou Tajlil, Mohammad Hassan Sahebihagh, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Nader D Nader, Akbar Azizi Zeinalhajlou
Introduction: Adequate treatment of hypertension is infrequent in older patients. Determining the prevalence of hypertension in older patients, identifying the pattern of the treatment in this age group and evaluating their awareness of the disease may help healthcare systems to devise appropriate programs for controlling the disease. Methods: This descriptive cross sectional study included a sample from population of Tabriz, a large city in North-West of Iran, who were 60 years or older. Data collection and blood pressure measurements were conducted in the households of the participants from 1st June 2015 through 1st August 2015...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Maryam Mobini Bidgoli, Mohsen Taghadosi, Hamidreza Gilasi, Alireza Farokhian
Introduction: Anxiety is among the most common problems experienced by coronary angiography (CA) candidates. Different modalities are used to manage anxiety. This study sought to examine the effects of a pranayama exercise on CA candidates' anxiety. Methods: This double-blind randomized controlled trial was undertaken in 2015 on 80 eligible patients. The patients were randomly allocated to a control and an experimental group. Before undergoing angiography, patients in the experimental group performed sukha pranayama exercises...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Amir Rashidlamir, Seyyed Reza Attarzadeh Hosseini, Keyvan Hejazi, Seyyed Mohamad Motevalli Anberani
Introduction: The clinical studies have shown that the myostatin gene expression and its serum density occur more frequently in heart patients than in healthy individuals. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of 8-week resistance and aerobic exercise on the myostatin and follistatin gene expression of myocardium muscle of healthy male Wistar rats. Methods: In this experimental study, 20 five-week-old adult Wistar rats (250 ± 26.5 g) were divided into three groups: healthy control group (n = 6), resistance exercise group (n = 7), and aerobic exercise group (n = 7)...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Mohammad-Hossein Biglu, Mostafa Ghavami, Sahar Biglu
Introduction: Heart disease or cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a kind of illness that involve heart and/or blood vessels of people throughout the world. The major aim of current study was to show the trend of global scientific activities in the field of CVD during a period of 10 years through 2001-2010. Methods: A scientometrics analysis was carried out to show the world wide activities towards scientific production in the field of CVD during a period of 10 years. Science Citation Index- Expanded (SCI-E) was used to extract all documents indexed as a topic of CVD throughout 2001- 2010...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Arsalan Salari, Tolou Hasandokht, Marjan Mahdavi-Roshan, Jalal Kheirkhah, Mahboueh Gholipour, Mahsa Pouradollah Tootkaoni
Introduction: Inadequate adherence to medication and follow up visits were proposed correlated with cardiovascular mortality and complications. This study was planned to evaluate medication and follow up adherence and risk factor control in patients with coronary artery disease 5 years after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, adult patients who underwent CABG in 2010 were enrolled. Conventional and probable risk factor control and adherence to medication and follow up visits were assessed...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Maryam Soleimanpour, Farzad Rahmani, Alireza Ala, Hamid Reza Morteza Bagi, Ata Mahmoodpoor, Samad Ej Golzari, Fatemeh Zahmatyar, Robab Mehdizadeh Esfanjani, Hassan Soleimanpour
Introduction: Bag-valve-mask (BVM) ventilation is the first and important part of the airway management. The aim of present study was to evaluate the quality of four different BVM ventilation techniques - E-C, Thenar Eminence, Thenar Eminence (Dominant hand)-E-C (Non dominant hand), and Thenar Eminence (Non dominant hand)-E-C (Dominant hand) - among two novice and experienced groups. Methods: In a case-control and mannequin based study that was conducted in Tabriz University of medical sciences, 120 volunteers were recruited and divided into two groups...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Safa Gode, Timuçin Aksu, Aylin Demirel, Murat Sunbul, Mehmet Gul, Ihsan Bakır, Mehmet Yeniterzi
Introduction: Various factors may be responsible for the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients. In our study, we demonstrated the effect of vitamin D deficiency on the development of POAF. Methods: In this prospective case control study, patients undergoing elective, isolated CABG were considered. A total of 15 patients (16.6%) who developed POAF during the first five days after surgery made up the POAF group. Seventy-five patients that had a sinus rhythm in the same period were the non-POAF group...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
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