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Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386541/neuroendocrine-tumors-and-conotruncal-cardiac-defects
#1
Efrén Martínez-Quintana, Fayna Rodríguez-González
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386540/a-young-woman-with-traumatic-vertebral-artery-occlusion-a-case-report
#2
Amir Ghaffarzad, Reza Javadrashid, Elyar Sadeghi-Hokmabadi, Reza Jamal Arvanaghi, Hassan Soleimanpour, Samad Ej Golzari
Vertebral artery occlusion (VAO) may result from closed head or neck trauma and can be lifethreatening due to brain-stem and cerebellar infarction. CT angiography is recommended as a screening diagnostic tool in selected patients after blunt cervical trauma. A 24-year-old woman was admitted to our emergency department with left hemiplegia two days after motor vehicle collision. Final diagnosis of occlusion of the right vertebral artery was made in CT angiography. She was treated with anticoagulant for 4 days then discharged with 5/5 muscle forces...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386539/ecmo-assisted-resection-of-huge-thoracic-mass
#3
Alireza Jahangirifard, Zargham Hossein Ahmadi, Abolghasem Daneshvar Kakhaki, Behrooz Farzanegan, Kambiz Sheikhy
Some advanced thoracic malignancy cannot be resected safely by using of conventional ventilation, so some sort of cardiopulmonary support is needed for hemodynamic and ventilation management of the patient. Using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in comparing with cardiopulmonary bypass has some advantages. Three patients with huge thoracic tumors with different ages experienced major surgery in our center by using ECMO in order to face major complications mainly due to the size of mass to achieve better hemostatic stabilities, lower bleeding, and injuries to main airways and secure oxygenation...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386538/correlation-between-echocardiographic-severity-of-ischemic-mitral-valve-regurgitation-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-its-electrocardiographic-location
#4
Mehrnoush Toufan, Sakineh Hadi, Afshin Habibzadeh
Introduction: Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is common after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) which is associated with long-term cardiovascular mortality. Size, transmurality and location of the myocardial infarction (MI) has role on the development of IMR. In this study we evaluated the severity of IMR after different types of MI. Methods: One-hundred patients with the first AMI were recruited and according to echocardiographic findings were categorized to have moderate to severe IMR (case group, n=50) or trivial or no IMR (control group, n=50)...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386537/effects-of-a-12-week-aerobic-exercise-on-markers-of-hypertension-in-men
#5
Behrouz Baghaiee, Pouran Karimi, Khadije Ebrahimi, Saeed Dabagh Nikoo Kheslat, Mohammad Hossein Sadeghi Zali, Amir Mohammad Daneshian Moghaddam, Mohammad Sadaghian
Introduction: This study was aimed at determining the effects of a 12-week aerobic exercise program on markers of hypertension in men. Methods: The study was of a semi-experimental design featuring repeated measurements. A total of 40 men (age range=37.9 ± 2.68) with primary hypertension were divided into two groups, namely, the exercise group (n=20) and the control group (n=20) (systolic blood pressure [SBP]: 140.531 ± 0.23, diastolic blood pressure [DBP]: 90.71 ± 0.05). The exercise group participated in a 12-week aerobic exercise program (55% to 70% of HRmax)...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386536/association-of-modified-nordic-diet-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Elnaz Daneshzad, Shaghayegh Emami, Manije Darooghegi Mofrad, Sahar Saraf-Bank, Pamela J Surkan, Leila Azadbakht
Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the most important causes of mortality. Healthy diets can decrease CVDs and other chronic diseases especially in patients with type 2 diabetes. In this study, we investigate association between adherence to the modified Nordic diet and cardiovascular risk factors among patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 339 type 2 diabetic patients. Anthropometric indices, blood pressure, and biochemical tests were evaluated...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386535/comparison-between-rosuvastatin-and-atorvastatin-for-the-prevention-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-patients-with-stemi-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#7
Ata Firouzi, Ali Kazem Moussavi, Ahmad Mohebbi, Mohammad Javad Alemzadeh-Ansari, Reza Kiani, Hamid Reza Sanati, Bahram Mohebbi, Farshad Shakerian, Ali Zahedmehr, Mohammad Mostafa Ansari-Ramandi, Saeed Oni Heris, Bahar Ghaleshi, Fatemeh Ghorbani
Introduction: There is some controversy over the efficacy of statins for the prevention of contrastinduced nephropathy (CIN). There have also been reports on varying efficacies of different statins. Hence, in this study the efficacy of atorvastatin and rosuvastatin for the prevention of CIN was assessed. Methods: This single-blind randomized clinical trial was performed on 495 random patients with myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a training referral hospital in 2015...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386534/intra-aortic-balloon-pump-experience-a-single-center-study-comparing-with-and-without-sheath-insertion
#8
Yücel Özen, Mehmet Aksut, Davut Cekmecelioglu, Mehmet Dedemoglu, Ozge Altas, Sabit Sarikaya, Murat Bulent Rabus, Kaan Kirali
Introduction: The mechanical circulation support used in treatment of low cardiac output at most is the intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP). Its usage fields are the complications occurring due to ischemic heart disease, disrupted left ventricle function, and the low cardiac output syndrome occurring during coronary artery by-pass surgery. Methods: During 28 years from 1985 to 2013, IABP support has been implemented to 3135 patients in our cardiac surgery operating theater and intensive care unit. The mean age of the patients was 61...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386533/dynamic-cardiac-anatomy-the-cypress-tree-papillary-muscle-root
#9
Muhammad Shoaib Khan, Robert Biederman
Introduction: The understanding of gross cardiac anatomy has been relatively stable over the last 80 years, reliant on well-established autopsy findings. The advent of dynamic imaging by cardiac MRI and CT provides a window to view anatomic features in vivo, providing insights typically masked at autopsy due to death. Hypothesis: We hypothesize that cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) with its high spatial and temporal resolution allows detection of anatomic features not previously appreciated at autopsy. Methods: Two hundred fifty-five sequential, CMR examinations were retrospectively examined to describe the anatomic features of the LV (left ventricular) PM (papillary muscles)...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386532/new-insights-on-atherosclerosis-a-cross-talk-between-endocannabinoid-systems-with-gut-microbiota
#10
REVIEW
Jalal Moludi, Mohammad Alizadeh, Ned Lotfi Yagin, Yahiya Pasdar, Seyed Mostafa Nachvak, Hadi Abdollahzad, Ali Sadeghpour Tabaei
The incidence of atherosclerosis is increasing rapidly all over the world. Inflammatory processes have outstanding role in coronary artery disease (CAD) etiology and other atherosclerosis manifestations. Recently attentions have been increased about gut microbiota in many fields of medicine especially in inflammatory diseases like atherosclerosis. Ineffectiveness in gut barrier functions and subsequent metabolic endotoxemia (caused by rise in plasma lipopolysaccharide levels) is associated with low-grade chronic inflammation i...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386531/a-systematic-review-on-the-cardiovascular-pharmacology-of-emblica-officinalis-gaertn
#11
REVIEW
Fataneh Hashem-Dabaghian, Mojtaba Ziaee, Samad Ghaffari, Farzaneh Nabati, Saeed Kianbakht
Introduction: The Emblica officinalis (EO) fruit has traditionally been considered as a cardioactive medication and has demonstrated remarkable cardiovascular effects in the pharmacological literature. The present study systematically reviews EO's potential for prevention and therapy of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Methods: PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Proquest, Ebsco, Google, Google Scholar, Ovid, and Cochrane databases were searched from 1966 to 2017 for the English and non-English literature using the terms including the cognates of EO including amla, Emblic myrobalan, Emblica officinalis, Emblica pectinata , Indian gooseberry, and Phyllanthus emblica together with antioxidant, arrhythmia, cardioprotective, cardiotoxicity, heart disease, heart failure, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, myocardial dysfunction, and oxidative stress...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116512/aortic-root-replacement-and-valvuloplasty-in-a-woman-with-severe-pectus-excavatum
#12
Panagiotis Kalogris, Kosmas Iliadis, Gregory Amanatidis, Alexandros Demis, Anna Smyrli, Konstantinos Petsios
We describe a case of a 43-year old woman with Marfan's syndrome, tricuspid valve regurgitation and severe pectus excavatum who required an aortic root replacement and valvuloplasty for an ascending aortic aneurism with aortic valve regurgitation and tricuspid valve regurgitation. There was a severe angulation of the sternum which was close to 1.5 cm to the column vertebrae. Such cases are quite rare and always a challenge for surgeons to achieve adequate exposure of the heart and prevent excessive cardiac compression...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116511/large-de-novo-ascending-aortic-thrombus-successfully-treated-with-anticoagulation
#13
Mustafa Houmsse, Asia McDavid, Ahmet Kilic
An ascending aortic thrombus is a rare source for embolic transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke without an associated aortic pathology. Here we describe a case of a patient who presented with generalized symptoms of headache and fatigue who, on subsequent work-up , was found to have an ascending aortic thrombus with no obvious associated aortic pathology, and was successfully treated with apixaban, a newer direct oral anticoagulant.
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116510/role-of-plasma-levels-of-ca-125-in-predicting-outcome-of-primary-pci-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-male-patients
#14
Ahmad Separham, Mohsen Abbasnezhad, Golnesa Shahnazarli, Alireza Khoshbahar
Introduction: Cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) is a tumor marker of ovarian cancer, which has shown to be increased in different cardiovascular diseases. Although the prognostic role of CA-125 in heart failure and coronary heart disease is well-established, there is little known about its role in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In this study we aimed to evaluate the serum levels of CA-125 in patients with AMI and its prognostic role in evaluating the in-hospital outcome of AMI. Methods: We evaluated 120 male patients with AMI and 120 male normal subjects...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116509/subjective-correlates-of-stress-management-in-outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-the-predictive-role-of-perceived-heart-risk-factors
#15
Saeid Komasi, Ali Soroush, Mozhgan Saeidi, Agostino Brugnera, Massimo Rabboni, Mario Fulcheri, Danilo Carrozzino, Paolo Marchettini, Angelo Compare
Introduction: The causal attributions and perceived risk factors can affect patients' health behaviors. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess (i) the effect of an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program on perceived heart risk factors (PHRFs) and on psychological stress, and (ii) the role of changes of PHRFs at pre-post CR in predicting changes in psychological stress. Methods: In this longitudinal study, 110 CR patients were assessed from June to November 2016 in a hospital in Iran. Perceived heart risk factors and perceived stress were investigated using the PHRFs scale and the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale-21, respectively...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116508/high-protein-diets-do-not-affect-anthropometric-indexes-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-children-with-excess-weight-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Vajihe Izadi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Mahin Hashemipour, Pamela J Surkan, Leila Azadbakht, Roya Kelishadi
Introduction: Limited information exists regarding the effects of high protein (HP) diets on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among overweight and obese children. Our aim was to determine the effects of an HP diet on anthropometric indexes and CVD risk factors among overweight and obese children. Methods: In a parallel randomized controlled trial, we recruited 50 overweight and obese children, aged 6-11 years, for a 10 week HP or control diet (protein, carbohydrate, fat: 25%, 45%, 30% in the HP diet vs...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116507/the-effect-of-kidney-transplantation-on-speckled-tracking-echocardiography-findings-in-patients-on-hemodialysis
#17
Sahand Hamidi, Javad Kojuri, Armin Attar, Jamshid Roozbeh, Alireza Moaref, Mohammad Hossein Nikoo
Introduction: Cardiac dysfunction is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Previous studies have shown that kidney transplantation can reverse some of the gross changes in the myocardial structure such as left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and volumes. Whether kidney transplantation can reverse the subtle and early myocardial changes in ESRD patients who do not suffer from gross alternations in myocardial function is not yet studied. The aim of this study was to answer this question...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116506/complete-inhibition-of-phosphatase-and-tensin-homolog-promotes-the-normal-and-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-reperfusion-injured-pc12-cells-to-cell-death
#18
Sohrab Minaei Beyrami, Mohammad Hasan Khadem Ansari, Yousef Rasemi, Nader Shakib, Pouran Karimi
Introduction: Lipid phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted from chromosome 10 (PTEN) antagonizes phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT cell survival pathway. The effect of PTEN inhibitors has been rarely examined on cell survival following reperfusion injury. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of SF1670, as a new PTEN inhibitor, on an in vitro stroke-like model. Methods: PC12 cells were exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R). The cells were treated in five conditions as follows: normoxic normoglycemic (NO/NG); 60 minutes OGD; 60 minutes OGD and 6 h reperfusion (OGD/R); OGD/R treated with 10 µM SF1670 (OGD/R-SF), and NO/NG treated with 10 µM SF1670 (NO/NG-SF)...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116505/prevalence-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-v-study
#19
Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Mostafa Qorbani, Amir-Masood Rafiemanzelat, Majzoubeh Taheri, Tahereh Aminaee, Gita Shafiee, Zeinab Ahadi, Mahshid Hajiali, Kimia Ghaderi, Ali Safaei, Azam Goodarzi, Hasan Ziaodini, Ramin Heshmat, Roya Kelishadi
Introduction: This study presents the prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents. Methods: This multi-centric study was conducted in 2015 among 4200 students aged 7-18 years. They were selected by multistage cluster sampling from 30 provinces of Iran. Anthropometric indices, biochemical and clinical parameters were measured. Results: The mean of weight, height, waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and fasting blood glucose (FBG) was higher in boys than in girls ( P < 0...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116504/neurocognitive-impairment-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-prevalence-and-characterization-in-a-hospital-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-sample
#20
Muriela Silva, Eduarda Pereira, Afonso Rocha, Dulce Sousa, Bruno Peixoto
Introduction: Prospective studies have shown the relation between acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and neurocognitive dysfunction with prevalence ranging between 10.51% and 66.8%. The present study aims to determine the prevalence level of neurocognitive dysfunction; the relations between sociodemographic, clinical and emotional variables and neurocognitive functioning in a sample of ACS patients. Methods: The sample comprised of 53 patients engaged in cardiac rehabilitation within 3 months after an ACS. Patients with any medical history of neuropsychiatric problems prior to the ACS and illiterate subjects were not included in the study...
2018: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
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