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Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research

Efrén Martínez-Quintana, Fayna Rodríguez-González
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Mehrnoush Toufan, Leili Pourafkari, Nader D Nader
A 58 years old male with a long-standing history of HLA-B27 positive ankylosing spondylitis presented with increasing fatigue and dyspnea on exertion. He had left ventricular dysfunction and enlargement, flail right coronary leaflet of aortic valve with severe eccentric aortic insufficiency along with left ventricular non-compaction in echocardiography. The most common cardiac manifestations of ankylosing spondylitis are aortic insufficiency and conduction disturbances. Involvement of myocardium, in the form of dilated cardiomyopathy and restrictive cardiomyopathy, has also been reported...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Ahmad Jamalizadeh, Zahra Kamiab, Ali Esmaeili Nadimi, Mohsen Nejadghaderi, Ala Saeidi, Amirhossein Porkarami
Introduction: In recent years non-communicable diseases (NCDs) risk factors such as tobacco consumption and high blood pressure (BP) have been increased. This study aimed to determine the frequency of risk factors of the main NCDs among inhabitants of Rafsanjan city. Methods: Our study is a part of NCD surveillance in Iran (SuRF NCD). A total of 640 people enrolled and divided in four age groups in urban and rural areas in Rafsanjan (a city in Kerman province). Data were collected using the standardized stepwise protocol for NCD risk factor surveillance of the World Health Organization (WHO)...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Samad Ghaffari, Leili Pourafkari, Arezou Tajlil, Mohammad Hassan Sahebihagh, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Nader D Nader, Akbar Azizi Zeinalhajlou
Introduction: Adequate treatment of hypertension is infrequent in older patients. Determining the prevalence of hypertension in older patients, identifying the pattern of the treatment in this age group and evaluating their awareness of the disease may help healthcare systems to devise appropriate programs for controlling the disease. Methods: This descriptive cross sectional study included a sample from population of Tabriz, a large city in North-West of Iran, who were 60 years or older. Data collection and blood pressure measurements were conducted in the households of the participants from 1st June 2015 through 1st August 2015...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Maryam Mobini Bidgoli, Mohsen Taghadosi, Hamidreza Gilasi, Alireza Farokhian
Introduction: Anxiety is among the most common problems experienced by coronary angiography (CA) candidates. Different modalities are used to manage anxiety. This study sought to examine the effects of a pranayama exercise on CA candidates' anxiety. Methods: This double-blind randomized controlled trial was undertaken in 2015 on 80 eligible patients. The patients were randomly allocated to a control and an experimental group. Before undergoing angiography, patients in the experimental group performed sukha pranayama exercises...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Amir Rashidlamir, Seyyed Reza Attarzadeh Hosseini, Keyvan Hejazi, Seyyed Mohamad Motevalli Anberani
Introduction: The clinical studies have shown that the myostatin gene expression and its serum density occur more frequently in heart patients than in healthy individuals. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of 8-week resistance and aerobic exercise on the myostatin and follistatin gene expression of myocardium muscle of healthy male Wistar rats. Methods: In this experimental study, 20 five-week-old adult Wistar rats (250 ± 26.5 g) were divided into three groups: healthy control group (n = 6), resistance exercise group (n = 7), and aerobic exercise group (n = 7)...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Mohammad-Hossein Biglu, Mostafa Ghavami, Sahar Biglu
Introduction: Heart disease or cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a kind of illness that involve heart and/or blood vessels of people throughout the world. The major aim of current study was to show the trend of global scientific activities in the field of CVD during a period of 10 years through 2001-2010. Methods: A scientometrics analysis was carried out to show the world wide activities towards scientific production in the field of CVD during a period of 10 years. Science Citation Index- Expanded (SCI-E) was used to extract all documents indexed as a topic of CVD throughout 2001- 2010...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Arsalan Salari, Tolou Hasandokht, Marjan Mahdavi-Roshan, Jalal Kheirkhah, Mahboueh Gholipour, Mahsa Pouradollah Tootkaoni
Introduction: Inadequate adherence to medication and follow up visits were proposed correlated with cardiovascular mortality and complications. This study was planned to evaluate medication and follow up adherence and risk factor control in patients with coronary artery disease 5 years after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, adult patients who underwent CABG in 2010 were enrolled. Conventional and probable risk factor control and adherence to medication and follow up visits were assessed...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Maryam Soleimanpour, Farzad Rahmani, Alireza Ala, Hamid Reza Morteza Bagi, Ata Mahmoodpoor, Samad Ej Golzari, Fatemeh Zahmatyar, Robab Mehdizadeh Esfanjani, Hassan Soleimanpour
Introduction: Bag-valve-mask (BVM) ventilation is the first and important part of the airway management. The aim of present study was to evaluate the quality of four different BVM ventilation techniques - E-C, Thenar Eminence, Thenar Eminence (Dominant hand)-E-C (Non dominant hand), and Thenar Eminence (Non dominant hand)-E-C (Dominant hand) - among two novice and experienced groups. Methods: In a case-control and mannequin based study that was conducted in Tabriz University of medical sciences, 120 volunteers were recruited and divided into two groups...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Safa Gode, Timuçin Aksu, Aylin Demirel, Murat Sunbul, Mehmet Gul, Ihsan Bakır, Mehmet Yeniterzi
Introduction: Various factors may be responsible for the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients. In our study, we demonstrated the effect of vitamin D deficiency on the development of POAF. Methods: In this prospective case control study, patients undergoing elective, isolated CABG were considered. A total of 15 patients (16.6%) who developed POAF during the first five days after surgery made up the POAF group. Seventy-five patients that had a sinus rhythm in the same period were the non-POAF group...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Mohammad Ali Ostovan, Mahdi Sajedi Khanian, Sahand Hamidi, Mostafa Fattahi, Pooyan Dehghani
Spontaneous coronary artery vasospasm is one of the important causes of acute chest pain syndromes. The diagnosis of diffuse multifocal spasm can be quite challenging and it could be easily mistaken for diffuse coronary artery disease. The use of intracoronary nitroglycerin can relieve spasm and reveal the real extent of coronary artery disease. Herein we present a case presenting with acute myocardial infarction due to severe coronary artery spasm that had even received fibrinolytic therapy. Multiple narrowing was shown during coronary angiography and the patient was scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Rubén Kevin Arnold Tapia-Orihuela, Jorge Huaringa-Marcelo, David Loja-Oropeza
Introduction: Situs inversus totalis is an uncommon anomaly which exist a complete transposition of organs and it's occasionally associated with congenital heart diseases, such as tetralogy of fallot. Pheochromocytoma is a rare neuroendocrine tumor with an annual incidence of 2-8 cases per million people and for years has been studied its relationship with the hypoxic pathway. Case Report: A 29 year old male with a history of tetralogy of fallot corrected at 10 years and situs inversus totalis. He was admitted to hospital with a progressive story of four months of constipation, palpitations, headache, dyspnea and sweating...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Naser Aslanabadi, Samad Ghaffari, Naser Khezerlouy Aghdam, Masoumeh Ahmadzade, Babak Kazemi, Babak Nasiri, Ahmad Separham, Bahram Sohrabi, Mohamadreza Taban, Arash Aslanabadi
Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) and it may increase complications and decreases success rates of percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy (PBMV). This study aimed to investigate the short and long term results of PBMV in patients with AF compared to sinus rhythm (SR). Methods: In this cross sectional study, 1000 patients with MS who had undergone PBMV between 1999 and 2013 were enrolled including 585 and 415 patients with AF and SR respectively...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Shabnam Mohammadi, Arya Hedjazi, Maryam Sajjadian, Naser Ghoroubi, Maryam Mohammadi, Saeed Erfani
Introduction: The heart is in a muscular organ in the middle mediastinum. According to our knowledge, there is no standard data about the anthropologic parameters of normal Iranian hearts. Hence, the aim of the present study was to investigate the normal heart size in Iranian cadavers. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 550 cadavers (104 female/446 male) from June 2014 to July 2015 in the Razavi Khorasan province of Iran were included in the study. After approval of the Ethical Committee, cadavers were divided into 10 groups based on age groups...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Hassanali Lotfollahi, Mustafa Mohammadi, Samad Ghaffari, Reza Badalzadeh, Bahram Sohrabi, Naser Aslanabadi, Ahmad Separham, Ali Golmohammadi, Ali Abbasnejad, Mehri Roshani
Introduction: This study designed to use remote ischemic post conditioning (RIPC) as a protective strategy during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) to reduce myocardial cells damage due to reperfusion injury. Methods: Sixty-one patients were divided into test group (32 patients) receiving RIPC and control group (29 patients). Patients were included with first MI who had 20-80 years old. The RIPC protocol was applied on patients arm in three successive episodes during the opening of infarct-related artery (IRA)...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Ramin Heshmat, Gita Shafiee, Mostafa Qorbani, Fatemeh Azizi-Soleiman, Shirin Djalalinia, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Gelayol Ardalan, Zeinab Ahadi, Omid Safari, Saeid Safiri, Roya Kelishadi
Introduction: Current evidence suggests that ghrelin could contribute to the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in adults, but limited experience exists in adolescents. This study aims to explore the association of ghrelin levels with the MetS components among Iranian adolescents. Methods: In this case-control study, 32 adolescents with MetS and 148 healthy controls were selected randomly from the childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Non communicable disease (CASPIAN-III) study...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Mehdi Hassanpour, Omid Cheraghi, Vahid Siavashi, Reza Rahbarghazi, Mohammad Nouri
Introduction: A large number of cardiovascular disorders and abnormalities, notably accelerated vascular deficiencies could be related to aging changes and increased length of life. During the past decades, the discovery of different stem cells facilitates ongoing attempts for attenuating many disorders, especially in vascular beds. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are a subtype of stem cells that have potent capacity to differentiate into mature endothelial cells (ECs). However, some documented studies reported an age-related decline in proliferation and function of many stem cells...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Ali Taghizadieh, Mahboub Pouraghaei, Payman Moharamzadeh, Alireza Ala, Farzad Rahmani, Karim Basiri Sofiani
Introduction: The routine and gold standard method to diagnose of acid - base disturbance is arterial blood gas (ABG) sampling. Capnography could be used to measure the end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) levels and ETco2 has a close correlation with the PaCo2. The aim of this study was comparison the ETco2 and arterial blood bicarbonate levels in patients with metabolic acidosis. Methods: In a descriptive-analytical study that performed in Emergency Department of Emam Reza Medical Research and Training Hospital of Tabriz on patients with metabolic acidosis, ETco2 level and blood bicarbonate levels in 262 patients were evaluated...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Hossein Fakhrzadeh, Shirin Djalalinia, Mojdeh Mirarefin, Tahereh Arefirad, Hamid Asayesh, Saeid Safiri, Elham Samami, Morteza Mansourian, Morteza Shamsizadeh, Mostafa Qorbani
Introduction: Physical inactivity is one of the most important risk factors for chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and stroke. We aim to conduct a systematic review of the prevalence of physical inactivity in Iran. Methods: We searched international databases; ISI, PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and national databases Irandoc, Barakat knowledge network system, and Scientific Information Database (SID). We collected data for outcome measures of prevalence of physical inactivity by sex, age, province, and year...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Feridoun Sabzi, Alireza Yaghoubi
Due to long term patency, the internal mammary artery is considered as a conduit of choice for revascularization of the left anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery and its accessory branches in addition to perfusing the chest wall structures also contributes to supplying, part of the female breast arteries. In addition, due to the accompaniment of thoracic duct branches with the left internal mammary artery, harvesting may be associated with injury to these branches and contribute to chylothorax...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
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