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Comparative Cytogenetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904571/the-revision-of-chromosome-iii-ef-mapping-in-chironomus-plumosus-linnaeus-1758-group-diptera-chironomidae
#1
Veronika V Golygina, Iya I Kiknadze
A revision of mapping of main and alternative banding sequences in chromosome III (EF) has been made for 14 species of the Chironomus plumosus group. In total, new versions of mapping are presented for 18 banding sequences of arm E and 18 banding sequences of arm F. A new way of tracing the origins of banding sequences in chromosome III of the Ch. plumosus group in comparison with basic banding sequences of the genus Chironomus is suggested. The presented data indicate that h'pluE2 in arm E and p'borF2 in arm F are the closest to banding sequences of Ch...
2018: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896323/banding-cytogenetics-of-the-barbary-partridge-alectoris-barbara-and-the-chukar-partridge-alectoris-chukar-phasianidae-a-large-conservation-with-domestic-fowl-gallus-domesticus-revealed-by-high-resolution-chromosomes
#2
Siham Ouchia-Benissad, Kafia Ladjali-Mohammedi
The development of avian cytogenetics is significantly behind that of mammals. In fact, since the advent of cytogenetic techniques, fewer than 1500 karyotypes have been established. The Barbary partridge Alectoris barbara Bonnaterre, 1790 is a bird of economic interest but its genome has not been studied so far. This species is endemic to North Africa and globally declining. The Chukar partridge Alectoris chukar Gray, 1830 is an introduced species which shares the same habitat area as the Barbary partridge and so there could be introgressive hybridisation...
2018: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780444/karyotype-description-and-comparative-analysis-in-ringed-kingfisher-and-green-kingfisher-coraciiformes-alcedinidae
#3
Tiago Marafiga Degrandi, Jean Carlo Pedroso de Oliveira, Amanda de Araújo Soares, Mario Angel Ledesma, Iris Hass, Analía Del Valle Garnero, Ricardo José Gunski
Kingfishers comprise about 115 species of the family Alcedinidae, and are an interesting group for cytogenetic studies, for they are among birds with most heterogeneous karyotypes. However, cytogenetics knowledge in Kingfishers is extremely limited. Thus, the aim of this study was to describe the karyotype structure of the Ringed Kingfisher ( Megaceryle torquata Linnaeus, 1766) and Green Kingfisher ( Chloroceryle americana Gmelin, 1788) and also compare them with related species in order to identify chromosomal rearrangements...
2018: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675141/differential-hypomethylation-of-the-repetitive-tol2-alu-rich-sequences-in-the-genome-of-bodianus-species-labriformes-labridae
#4
Clóvis C Motta-Neto, André Marques, Gideão W W F Costa, Marcelo B Cioffi, Luiz A C Bertollo, Rodrigo X Soares, Kátia C Scortecci, Roberto F Artoni, Wagner F Molina
Representatives of the order Labriformes show karyotypes of extreme conservatism together with others with high chromosomal diversification. However, the cytological characterization of epigenetic modifications remains unknown for the majority of the species. In the family Labridae, the most abundant fishes on tropical reefs, the genomes of the genus Bodianus Bloch, 1790 have been characterized by the occurrence of a peculiar chromosomal region, here denominated BOD. This region is exceptionally decondensed, heterochromatic, argentophilic, GC-neutral and, in contrast to classical secondary constrictions, shows no signals of hybridization with 18S rDNA probes...
2018: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675140/the-genome-structure-of-arachis-hypogaea-linnaeus-1753-and-an-induced-arachis-allotetraploid-revealed-by-molecular-cytogenetics
#5
Eliza F de M B do Nascimento, Bruna V Dos Santos, Lara O C Marques, Patricia M Guimarães, Ana C M Brasileiro, Soraya C M Leal-Bertioli, David J Bertioli, Ana C G Araujo
Peanut, Arachis hypogaea (Linnaeus, 1753) is an allotetraploid cultivated plant with two subgenomes derived from the hybridization between two diploid wild species, A. duranensis (Krapovickas & W. C. Gregory, 1994) and A. ipaensis (Krapovickas & W. C. Gregory, 1994), followed by spontaneous chromosomal duplication. To understand genome changes following polyploidy, the chromosomes of A. hypogaea , IpaDur1, an induced allotetraploid ( A. ipaensis × A. duranensis )4x and the diploid progenitor species were cytogenetically compared...
2018: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675139/multidirectional-chromosome-painting-in-synallaxis-frontalis-passeriformes-furnariidae-reveals-high-chromosomal-reorganization-involving-fissions-and-inversions
#6
Rafael Kretschmer, Vanusa Lilian Camargo de Lima, Marcelo Santos de Souza, Alice Lemos Costa, Patricia C M O'Brien, Malcolm A Ferguson-Smith, Edivaldo Herculano Corrêa de Oliveira, Ricardo José Gunski, Analía Del Valle Garnero
In this work we performed comparative chromosome painting using probes from Gallus gallus (GGA) Linnaeus, 1758 and Leucopternis albicollis (LAL) Latham, 1790 in Synallaxis frontalis Pelzeln, 1859 (Passeriformes, Furnariidae), an exclusively Neotropical species, in order to analyze whether the complex pattern of intrachromosomal rearrangements (paracentric and pericentric inversions) proposed for Oscines and Suboscines is shared with more basal species. S. frontalis has 82 chromosomes, similar to most Avian species, with a large number of microchromosomes and a few pairs of macrochromosomes...
2018: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675138/genomic-in-situ-hybridization-in-interspecific-hybrids-of-scallops-bivalvia-pectinidae-and-localization-of-the-satellite-dna-cf303-and-the-vertebrate-telomeric-sequences-ttaggg-n-on-chromosomes-of-scallop-chlamys-farreri-jones-preston-1904
#7
Liping Hu, Liming Jiang, Ke Bi, Huan Liao, Zujing Yang, Xiaoting Huang, Zhenmin Bao
Mitotic chromosome preparations of the interspecific hybrids Chlamys farreri (Jones & Preston, 1904) × Patinopecten yessoensis (Jay, 1857), C. farreri × Argopecten irradians (Lamarck, 1819) and C. farreri × Mimachlamys nobilis (Reeve, 1852) were used to compare two different scallop genomes in a single slide. Although genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) using genomic DNA from each scallop species as probe painted mitotic chromosomes of the interspecific hybrids, the painting results were not uniform; instead it showed species-specific distribution patterns of fluorescent signals among the chromosomes...
2018: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675137/variation-in-chromosome-number-and-breeding-systems-implications-for-diversification-in-pachycereus-pringlei-cactaceae
#8
Carina Gutiérrez-Flores, José L León-de la Luz, Francisco J García-De León, J Hugo Cota-Sánchez
Polyploidy, the possession of more than two sets of chromosomes, is a major biological process affecting plant evolution and diversification. In the Cactaceae, genome doubling has also been associated with reproductive isolation, changes in breeding systems, colonization ability, and speciation. Pachycereus pringlei (S. Watson, 1885) Britton & Rose, 1909, is a columnar cactus that has long drawn the attention of ecologists, geneticists, and systematists due to its wide distribution range and remarkable assortment of breeding systems in the Mexican Sonoran Desert and the Baja California Peninsula (BCP)...
2018: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675136/molecular-technique-reveals-high-variability-of-18s-rdna-distribution-in-harvestmen-opiliones-phalangiidae-from-south-africa
#9
František Šťáhlavský, Vera Opatova, Pavel Just, Leon N Lotz, Charles R Haddad
The knowledge of cytogenetics in the harvestmen family Phalangiidae has been based on taxa from the Northern Hemisphere. We performed cytogenetic analysis on Guruia africana (Karsch, 1878) (2n=24) and four species of the genus Rhampsinitus Simon, 1879 (2n=24, 26, 34) from South Africa. Fluorescence in situ hybridization with an 18S rDNA probe was used to analyze the number and the distribution of this cluster in the family Phalangiidae for the first time. The results support the cytogenetic characteristics typical for the majority of harvestmen taxa, i...
2018: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416829/evolutionary-insight-on-localization-of-18s-28s-rdna-genes-on-homologous-chromosomes-in-primates-genomes
#10
Sofia Mazzoleni, Michail Rovatsos, Odessa Schillaci, Francesca Dumas
We explored the topology of 18S and 28S rDNA units by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in the karyotypes of thirteen species representatives from major groups of Primates and Tupaia minor (Günther, 1876) (Scandentia), in order to expand our knowledge of Primate genome reshuffling and to identify the possible dispersion mechanisms of rDNA sequences. We documented that rDNA probe signals were identified on one to six pairs of chromosomes, both acrocentric and metacentric ones. In addition, we examined the potential homology of chromosomes bearing rDNA genes across different species and in a wide phylogenetic perspective, based on the DAPI-inverted pattern and their synteny to human...
2018: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362670/molecular-phylogenetic-reconstruction-and-localization-of-the-ttagg-n-telomeric-repeats-in-the-chromosomes-of-acromyrmex-striatus-roger-1863-suggests-a-lower-ancestral-karyotype-for-leafcutter-ants-hymenoptera
#11
Tássia Tatiane Pontes Pereira, Ana Caroline Coelho Corrêa Dos Reis, Danon Clemes Cardoso, Maykon Passos Cristiano
Chromosome counts and karyotype characterization have proved to be important features of a genome. Chromosome changes during the diversification of ants might play an important role, given the diversity and success of Formicidae. Comparative karyotype analyses on ants have enriched and helped ant systematics. Among leafcutter ants, two major chromosome counts have been described, one frequent in Atta Fabricius, 1804 (2n = 22 in all Atta spp. whose karyotype is known) and the other frequent in Acromyrmex Mayr, 1865 (2n = 38 in the majority of species whose karyotype is known)...
2018: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362669/studies-in-two-allopatric-populations-of-hypostomus-affinis-steindachner-1877-the-role-of-mapping-the-ribosomal-genes-to-understand-the-chromosome-evolution-of-the-group
#12
Karina de Oliveira Brandão, Dinaíza Abadia Rocha-Reis, Caroline Garcia, Rubens Pazza, Lurdes Foresti de Almeida-Toledo, Karine Frehner Kavalco
Several cytogenetic markers show chromosomal diversity in the fish such as "armoured catfish". Although studies have characterized many species in the major genera representing these Siluridae, particularly in the genus Hypostomus Lacépède, 1803, trends in chromosome evolution of this group remain unclear. The Paraíba do Sul river basin contains the armoured catfish Hypostomus affinis Steindachner, 1877, which is unique because of its distribution of repetitive DNAs, the 5S and 18S rDNA. Identified samples and registered collections in Brazilian museums were identified as the same typological species, while we observed wide variations in the physical location of this gene in the karyotype based on fluorescent in situ hybridization results...
2018: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362668/advances-in-cytogenetics-of-brazilian-rodents-cytotaxonomy-chromosome-evolution-and-new-karyotypic-data
#13
REVIEW
Camilla Bruno Di-Nizo, Karina Rodrigues da Silva Banci, Yukie Sato-Kuwabara, Maria José de J Silva
Rodents constitute one of the most diversified mammalian orders. Due to the morphological similarity in many of the groups, their taxonomy is controversial. Karyotype information proved to be an important tool for distinguishing some species because some of them are species-specific. Additionally, rodents can be an excellent model for chromosome evolution studies since many rearrangements have been described in this group.This work brings a review of cytogenetic data of Brazilian rodents, with information about diploid and fundamental numbers, polymorphisms, and geographical distribution...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302301/chromosomal-assignment-of-centromere-specific-histone-cenh3-genes-in-rye-secale-cereale-l-and-their-phylogeny
#14
Yulia A Lipikhina, Elena V Evtushenko, Evgeny A Elisafenko, Alexander V Vershinin
Centromeres are essential for correct chromosome segregation during cell division and are determined by the presence of centromere-specific histone 3 (CENH3). Most of the diploid plant species, in which the structure and copy number of CENH3 genes have been determined, have this gene as a singleton; however, some cereal species in the tribe Triticeae have been found to have CENH3 in two variants. In this work, using the set of the wheat-rye addition lines we wanted to establish the chromosomal assignment of the CENH3 genes in the cultivated rye, Secale cereale (Linnaeus, 1753), in order to expand our knowledge about synteny conservation in the most important cereal species and about their chromosome evolution...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302300/corrigenda-genomic-characterisation-of-arachis-porphyrocalyx-valls-c-e-simpson-2005-leguminosae-multiple-origin-of-arachis-species-with-x-9-comparative-cytogenetics-11-1-29-43-doi-10-3897-compcytogen-v11i1-10339
#15
Silvestri María Celeste, Alejandra Marcela Ortiz, Germán Ariel Robledo, José Francisco Montenegro Valls, Graciela Inés Lavia
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3897/CompCytogen.v11i1.10339.].
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302299/characteristics-of-parthenogenesis-in-cacopsylla-ledi-flor-1861-hemiptera-sternorryncha-psylloidea-cytological-and-molecular-approaches
#16
Seppo Nokkala, Valentina G Kuznetsova, Christina Nokkala
Characteristics of parthenogenesis in Cacopsylla ledi (Flor, 1861) were analyzed using cytological and molecular approaches. In all three populations studied from Finland, i.e. Turku, Kustavi and Siikajoki, males were present at a low frequency but were absent from a population from Vorkuta, Russia. In a follow-up study conducted in the Turku population during 2010-2016, the initial frequency of males was ca. 10 % and showed no intraseasonal variation, but then dramatically decreased down to approximately 1-2 % level in seasons 2015-2016...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302298/-european-race-specific-metacentrics-in-east-siberian-common-shrews-sorex-araneus-a-description-of-two-new-chromosomal-races-irkutsk-and-zima
#17
Svetlana V Pavlova, Sergei A Borisov, Alexander F Timoshenko, Boris I Sheftel
Karyotype studies of common shrews in the vicinity of Lake Baikal (Irkutsk Region, Eastern Siberia) resulted in the description of two new chromosomal races of Sorex araneus Linnaeus, 1758 (Lypotyphla, Mammalia), additional to 5 races formerly found in Siberia. In the karyotypes of 12 specimens from 3 locations, the polymorphism of metacentric and acrocentric chromosomes of the Robertsonian type was recorded and two distinct groups of karyotypes interpreted as the chromosomal races were revealed. They are geographically distant and described under the racial names Irkutsk (Ir) and Zima (Zi)...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302297/a-new-butterfly-species-from-south-russia-revealed-through-chromosomal-and-molecular-analysis-of-the-polyommatus-agrodiaetus-damonides-complex-lepidoptera-lycaenidae
#18
Vladimir A Lukhtanov, Alexander V Dantchenko
Finding a new species is a rare event in easy-to-see and well-studied organisms like butterflies, especially if they inhabit well-explored areas such as the Western Palaearctic. However, even in this region, gaps in taxonomic knowledge still exist and here we report such a discovery. Using a combined analysis of chromosomal and molecular markers we demonstrate that Polyommatus blue populations from Daghestan (South Russia), previously identified as P. aserbeidschanus , represent in fact a new species which is described here as P...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302296/chromosomal-identification-of-cryptic-species-sharing-their-dna-barcodes-polyommatus-agrodiaetus-antidolus-and-p-a-morgani-in-iran-lepidoptera-lycaenidae
#19
Vladimir A Lukhtanov, Nazar A Shapoval
DNA barcoding has been suggested as a universal tool for molecular species identification; however, it cannot be applied in cases when morphologically similar species share their DNA barcodes due to the common ancestry or mitochondrial introgression. Here we analyze the karyotype of Polyommatus (Agrodiaetus) morgani (Le Cerf, 1909) from the region of its type locality in the southern Zagros Mountains in Iran, provide first chromosomal evidence for P. (A.) antidolus (Rebel, 1901) in Iran and demonstrate that these two species can be easily identified through analysis of their karyotypes whereas they share their mitochondrial barcodes...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302295/drawid-user-friendly-java-software-for-chromosome-measurements-and-idiogram-drawing
#20
Ilya Kirov, Ludmila Khrustaleva, Katrijn Van Laere, Alexander Soloviev, Sofie Meeus, Dmitry Romanov, Igor Fesenko
An idiogram construction following chromosome measurements is a versatile tool for cytological, cytogenetic and phylogenetic studies. The information on chromosome length, centromere index and position of cytogenetic landmarks along with modern techniques (e.g. genomic and fluorescence in situ hybridization, banding, chromosome painting) can help to shed light on genome constitution, chromosome rearrangements and evolution. While idiogram construction is a routine task there are only few freely available programs that can perform chromosome measurements and no software for simultaneous measuring of chromosome parameters, chromosomal landmark and FISH signal positions and idiogram construction...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
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