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Journal of Emergency Management: JEM

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101881/using-a-novel-technology-for-disaster-staff-notification
#1
Stephen C Morris, Janice K Pelley, Steven H Mitchell
Notification of backup staff and determining their ability to augment frontline staff is a major component of any disaster plan. However, the communication and organization of this effort has many challenges. These include communication system overload, the disaster setting, disrupted transportation, and staffing impacts on normal operations. An optimal disaster notification system must have the ability to be modified to include all hazards and the unique environment in which the plan is being made. This article highlights a unique disaster staff notification system using a novel technology, an outside administrator, and a multilayer system of redundant communication...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101880/family-emergency-plan-and-preparedness-among-medical-practitioners-in-zaria-nigeria
#2
Jerry Godfrey Makama, Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Elizabeth Jerry Makama
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the incidence of disasters in many parts of the world. Similarly, Nigeria has witnessed a recent increase of man-made disaster events such as plane crash, fire incidents, flood, and building collapse, including bomb blast orchestrated by terrorists that often create emergency situations. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate family emergency plan and preparedness among medical practitioners in Zaria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study (May-July, 2013) of medical practitioners in Zaria, Nigeria...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101879/private-sector-involvement-in-times-of-armed-conflict-what-are-the-constraints-for-trading-medical-equipment
#3
Georg Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: Today, healthcare facilities are highly dependent on the private sector to keep their medical equipment functioning. Moreover, private sector involvement becomes particularly important for the supply of spare parts and consumables. However, in times of armed conflict, the capacity of the corporate world appears to be seriously hindered. Subsequently, this study researches the influence of armed conflict on the private medical equipment sector. DESIGN: This study follows a qualitative approach by conducting 19 interviews with representatives of the corporate world in an active conflict zone...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101878/bootstrapping-disaster-the-challenge-of-growing-and-maintaining-a-cross-sector-collaborative-network
#4
Aaron Wachhaus
This article examines the interaction of nonprofit and private actors with the traditional bureaucratic structures of government in central Pennsylvania&s recovery from hurricane Irene and tropical storm Lee. That effort relied heavily on private and nonprofit organizations as drivers of the response and recovery. The author maps the organizations involved in the recovery effort and explores the impact of the recovery effort on those organizations. A social network analysis was conducted and complemented with follow-up interviews with key actors...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101877/using-a-call-center-to-coordinate-zika-virus-testing-new-york-city-2016
#5
Jasmine Jacobs-Wingo, Ifeoma Ezeoke, Alhaji Saffa, Anna Tate, David Lee, Kimberly Johnson, Katherine Whittemore, Alex Illescas, Austin Collins, Maytal Rand, Jennifer L Rakeman, Jay K Varma, Neil M Vora
BACKGROUND: After local testing criteria for Zika virus expanded to include asymptomatic pregnant women who traveled to areas with active Zika virus transmission while pregnant, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) experienced a surge in test requests and subsequent testing delays due to factors such as incorrectly completed laboratory requisition forms. The authors describe how DOHMH addressed these issues by establishing the Zika Testing Call Center (ZTCC)...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101876/extraction-of-actionable-information-from-crowdsourced-disaster-data
#6
Rungsun Kiatpanont, Uthai Tanlamai, Prabhas Chongstitvatana
Natural disasters cause enormous damage to countries all over the world. To deal with these common problems, different activities are required for disaster management at each phase of the crisis. There are three groups of activities as follows: (1) make sense of the situation and determine how best to deal with it, (2) deploy the necessary resources, and (3) harmonize as many parties as possible, using the most effective communication channels. Current technological improvements and developments now enable people to act as real-time information sources...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873299/using-the-manchester-triage-system-for-refusing-nonurgent-patients-in-the-emergency-department-a-30-day-outcome-study
#7
Roger Daglius Dias, Izabel Cristina Rios, Carlos Luis Benites Canhada, Maria Dolores Galinanes Otero Fernandes, Leila Suemi Harima Letaif, Eloisa Bonfá, Maria Beatriz Moliterno Perondi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes and satisfaction of nonurgent patients who seek care in the emergency department (ED) and are diverted to primary health services (PHS). METHODS: Data were collected from 264 nonurgent patients diverted from the ED of a tertiary public university hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. The nonurgent patient definition was performed by Manchester triage system version II (MTS-II) associated to medical interview in the triage service...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873298/place-attachment-and-disasters-knowns-and-unknowns
#8
Mehdi Jamali, Ali Nejat
When considering the factors important for disaster recovery, one must consider the attachment individuals have toward their living area. This article reviews and synthesizes the current literature on the determinants of place attachment in the context of postdisaster recovery. Although the majority of the reviewed articles focused on disaster recovery, there were some which had a broader scope and were included due to their importance. This research categorizes the determinants of place attachment into four categories: demographic, socioeconomic, spatial, and psychosocial...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873297/emergency-notifications-twentieth-century-or-twenty-first
#9
Kevin Curran
This article explores one area of the decision-making process for emergency managers: when and how to issue a public notification. For certain emergencies, a plan is in place. In other scenarios, a notification decision must be made that could be the difference between life and death. Perhaps the best known of these options is the mass media Emergency Alert System. However, newer options may provide better ways to inform a potentially affected population. Through interviews and literature reviews, this article will explore the choices available and the need for a coherent decision to be made in a difficult environment...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873296/emergency-preparedness-of-veterans-and-nonveterans
#10
Joseph F Iii Geiger
This study examined statistical differences in levels of disaster preparedness between former members of the US Armed Forces (veterans) and civilians (nonveterans). It was hypothesized that veterans would exhibit a higher degree of disaster preparedness as compared to their nonveteran counterparts as a consequence of their training and life experience. Furthermore, if this were proven to be valid, the finding would identify this cohort as an ideal target audience for emergency and disaster preparedness education efforts...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873295/colleges-and-universities-sticking-to-their-guns
#11
Jesse Perez Mendez, Lou Sabina, Jon Loffi
Firearm possession on college and university campuses remains a volatile public policy issue among policymakers, legislators, scholars, and administrators. Given the American federal governmental structure, many states have developed legislative approaches to "carry on campus" policies throughout the years that align with federal law. This study explores the diversity of state approaches and nuances of "carry on campus" throughout recent years and current state legislation under consideration. The implications of "carry on campus" legislation vary on college campuses, depending on applicable state law; however, some general dynamics apply to all...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575644/workload-differences-across-command-levels-and-emergency-response-organizations-during-a-major-joint-training-exercise
#12
Erik G Prytz, Jonas Rybing, Carl-Oscar Jonson
OBJECTIVE: This study reports on an initial test using a validated workload measurement method, the NASA Task Load Index (TLX), as an indicator of joint emergency exercise effectiveness. Prior research on emergency exercises indicates that exercises must be challenging, ie, result in high workload, to be effective. However, this is often problematic with some participants being underloaded and some overloaded. The NASA TLX was used to test for differences in workload between commanders and subordinates and among three different emergency response organizations during a joint emergency exercise...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575643/disaster-behavioral-health-capacity-findings-from-a-multistate-preparedness-assessment
#13
Megan Peck, Tai Mendenhall, Louise Stenberg, Nancy Carlson, Debra K Olson
PURPOSE: To identify gaps in disaster behavioral health, the Preparedness and Emergency Response Learning Center (PERL) at the University of Minnesota's School of Public Health supported the development and implementation of a multistate disaster behavioral health preparedness assessment. Information was gathered regarding worker knowledge of current disaster behavioral health capacity at the state and local level, and perceived disaster behavioral health training needs and preferences...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575642/the-lasting-mental-health-effects-of-hurricane-sandy-on-residents-of-the-rockaways
#14
Rebecca M Schwartz, Patricia Rothenberg, Samantha M Kerath, Bian Liu, Emanuela Taioli
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of Hurricane Sandy on the mental health and substance use of residents of the Rockaways, which is a lower income, ethnically diverse region of NYC that was devastated by the hurricane. DESIGN: Prospective, cross sectional. SETTING: Rockaways, Queens, NYC community residents. PARTICIPANTS: From October 2013 to April 2015, 407 adult residents of the Rockaways completed self-report, validated measures of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress symptoms as well as indicators of substance use (alcohol, illicit substance, and tobacco use) and exposure to Hurricane Sandy...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575641/emergency-management-communication-on-university-web-sites-a-7-year-study
#15
Kelly L Brown, Gina Holguin, Tara Halbrook Scott
In the last several years, disasters-both manmade and natural-have taken their toll on college campuses. Extant research shows that college campuses have greatly increased their emergency management efforts. One area in which colleges and universities have made strides is emergency management communication. There has been some research examining emergency management communication across campuses, but there is still much to learn. This research fills a gap in this area by investigating the use of university Web sites to disseminate emergency management information to the university stakeholders...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575640/the-application-of-supply-chain-management-principles-to-emergency-management-logistics-an-empirical-study
#16
Matthew R Peterson, Richard R Young, Gary A Gordon
Key elements of supply chain theory remain relevant to emergency management (EM) logistics activities. The Supply Chain Operations Reference model can also serve as a useful template for the planning, organizing, and execution of EM logistics. Through a series of case studies (developed through intensive survey of organizations and individuals responsible for EM), the authors identified the extent supply chain theory is being adopted and whether the theory was useful for emergency logistics managers. The authors found several drivers that influence the likelihood of an organization to implement elements of supply chain management: the frequency of events, organizational resources, population density, range of events, and severity of the disaster or emergency...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575639/building-resilient-communities-a-facilitated-discussion
#17
Ron Bowles, Gregory S Anderson, Colleen Vaughan
The Building Resilient Communities Workshop was hosted and organized by the Justice Institute of British Columbia, with the support of Emergency Management British Columbia and the Canadian Safety and Security Program, Defence Research and Development Canada, Centre for Security Science. Thirty-four participants from multiple levels of government, senior practitioners, policy makers, academia, community members, and a variety of agencies disseminated knowledge and developed concrete strategies and priority actions areas for supporting ongoing and emerging initiatives in community and disaster resilience planning...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438963/the-psychological-impact-of-mass-casualty-incidents-on-first-responders-a-systematic-review
#18
Paula M Morgan
First responders are exposed to various types of disasters throughout their career. Because of their roles, they are often regarded as stronger people than individuals from other occupations. A systematic review of literature was conducted to determine if distinct characteristics exist that make first responders more susceptible to psychological trauma. Five categories of traits were found to put first responders at risk for psychological problems: personal, predisposing, peridisposing, postdisposing, and protective...
May 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438962/evolution-of-an-experiential-learning-partnership-in-emergency-management-higher-education
#19
Claire Connolly Knox, Alan S Harris
Experiential learning allows students to step outside the classroom and into a community setting to integrate theory with practice, while allowing the community partner to reach goals or address needs within their organization. Emergency Management and Homeland Security scholars recognize the importance, and support the increased implementation, of this pedagogical method in the higher education curriculum. Yet challenges to successful implementation exist including limited resources and time. This longitudinal study extends the literature by detailing the evolution of a partnership between a university and office of emergency management in which a functional exercise is strategically integrated into an undergraduate course...
May 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438961/rethinking-our-approach-to-gender-and-disasters-needs-responsibilities-and-solutions
#20
Samantha Montano, Amanda Savitt
OBJECTIVE: To explore how the existing literature has discussed the vulnerability and needs of women in a disaster context. It will consider the literature's suggestions of how to minimize vulnerability and address the needs of women, including who involved in emergency management should be responsible for such efforts. DESIGN: Empirical journal articles and book chapters from disaster literature were collected that focused on "women" or "gender," and their results and recommendations were analyzed...
May 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
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