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Journal of Emergency Management: JEM

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308600/use-of-social-media-and-e-government-in-disasters-2016-louisiana-floods-case-study
#1
Daniel Bosch
The case study analyzes the use of social media as a component of disaster response during and after the Louisiana Floods of August 2016. The study analyzes the survey responses of thirty social media users on a series of questions regarding social networks they regularly used during the flooding events, the extent to which users contacted government agencies via those networks, other uses of social media connected with the disaster, and whether social media served as a primary means of communication during cell carrier service interruptions...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308599/the-impact-of-state-fire-safe-cigarette-policies-on-fire-fatalities-injuries-and-incidents
#2
David H Folz, Chris Shults
Cigarettes are a leading cause of civilian deaths in home fires. Over the last decade, state fire service leaders and allied interest groups succeeded in persuading state lawmakers to require manufacturers to sell only low-ignition strength or "fire safe" cigarettes as a strategy to reduce these fatalities and the injuries and losses that stem from them. This article examines whether the states' fire safe cigarette laws actually helped to save lives, prevent injuries, and reduce the incidence of home fires ignited by cigarettes left unattended by smokers...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308598/a-simulator-based-nuclear-reactor-emergency-response-training-exercise
#3
Edward Waller, George Bereznai, John Shaw, Joseph Chaput, Jean-Francois Lafortune
Training offsite emergency response personnel basic awareness of onsite control room operations during nuclear power plant emergency conditions was the primary objective of a week-long workshop conducted on a CANDU® virtual nuclear reactor simulator available at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Canada. The workshop was designed to examine both normal and abnormal reactor operating conditions, and to observe the conditions in the control room that may have impact on the subsequent offsite emergency response...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308597/using-standard-clinical-assessments-for-home-care-to-identify-vulnerable-populations-before-during-and-after-disasters
#4
Alexandra I T van Solm, John P Hirdes, Leslie A Eckel, George A Heckman, Philip L Bigelow
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have shown the increased vulnerability of and disproportionate mortality rate among frail community-dwelling older adults as a result of emergencies and disasters. This article will discuss the applicability of the Vulnerable Persons at Risk (VPR) and VPR Plus decision support algorithms designed based on the Resident Assessment Instrument-Home Care (RAI-HC) to identify the most vulnerable community-dwelling (older) adults. DESIGN: A sample was taken from the Ontario RAI-HC database by selecting unique home care clients with assessments closest to December 31, 2014 (N = 275,797)...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308596/disaster-preparedness-assessment-of-older-adults-living-in-the-nyc-rockaways
#5
Katie Campos-Gatjens
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there has been a measureable improvement in disaster preparedness among older adults affected by Hurricane Sandy in the NYC Rockaways and to identify if there are any characteristics among this sample that might be factors for vulnerability. DESIGN: A 16-item self-reported survey compromised of demographics and needs assessment questions. SUBJECTS: Senior citizens who are members of a local senior center and live in the Rockaways...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308595/letter-to-the-editor-helping-nursing-homes-shelter-in-place
#6
J Rush Pierce, Theresa A West
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165783/after-action-review-of-the-2009-10-h1n1-influenza-outbreak-response-ohio-s-public-health-system-s-performance
#7
William A Mase, Beth Bickford, Casey L Thomas, Shamika D Jones, Michael Bisesi
OBJECTIVE: In early 2009, H1N1 influenza was identified within the human population. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials responded with focused assessment, policy development, and assurances. The response was mobilized through efforts including procurement of adequate vaccine supply, local area span of control, materials acquisition, and facilities and resource identification. METHODS: Qualitative evaluation of the assurance functions specific to the system's ability to assure safe and healthy conditions are reported...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165782/rescue-workers-and-trauma-assessing-interaction-among-risk-factors-after-a-firework-factory-explosion
#8
Eugenia Romano, Ask Elklit
INTRODUCTION: This study investigates which factors had the biggest impact on developing distress in rescue workers who were involved in a firework factory explosion. METHOD: Four hundred sixty-five rescuers were assessed using items investigating demographic factors, organizational variables, social support, personality variables, and distress symptoms. Correlation and regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Our final model provided 70 percent of the predictive model for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165781/controlling-disasters-local-emergency-management-perceptions-about-federal-emergency-management-and-homeland-security-actions-after-september-11-2001
#9
Sean Hildebrand
This article examines local emergency manager's beliefs regarding control over tasks during various stages of the hazard cycle since federal policies went into effect following the September 11 attacks. The study considers whether a disparity exists between the actions of local officials during each phase of the "hazard cycle" and the policy expectations of the federal government, which call for greater federal control over activities in emergency management and homeland security. To do so, hypothesis testing investigates the jurisdiction's use of comprehensive emergency management (CEM) practices, the perceived "clarity" of the federal policy demands, and if the local actors feel coerced to comply with federal policy demands so that grant funding is not compromised...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165780/twitter-weather-warnings-communicating-risk-in-140-characters-the-impact-of-imperative-and-declarative-message-style-on-weather-risk-perception-and-behavioral-intentions
#10
Adam M Rainear, Kenneth A Lachlan, Patric R Spence
Understanding how individuals utilize risk messages is important for protecting lives and gaining compliance toward safe behaviors. Recent advances in technology afford users with timeliness when needing to acquire information, and research investigating imperative and declarative message styles suggests utilizing both strategies is most effective. Similarly, the element of time can play a role when an individual engages in certain behaviors. This study employed an experimental design to better understand how imperative and declarative tweets, and time can contribute to risk perceptions and behavioral intentions...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165779/resilience-to-post-traumatic-stress-among-world-trade-center-survivors-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Lisa M Gargano, Sindhushree Hosakote, Qi Zhi, Kristine A Qureshi, Robyn R Gershon
The purpose of this study was to identify individual characteristics, behaviors, and psychosocial factors associated with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among World Trade Center (WTC) disaster evacuation survivors. The study utilized a mixed-method design. In-depth interviews were conducted using a prepared script. PTSD was assessed using the PTSD checklist-civilian (PCL-C; a score ≥ 50 indicates probable PTSD). Thematic analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with PTSD. A purposive sample of 29 WTC evacuees was recruited using a multimodal recruitment strategy...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929481/lessons-learned-from-the-total-evacuation-of-a-hospital-after-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake
#12
Youichi Yanagawa, Hisayoshi Kondo, Takashi Okawa, Fumio Ochi
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Kumamoto Earthquakes were a series of earthquakes that included a foreshock earthquake (magnitude 6.2) on April 14 and a main shock (magnitude 7.0) on April 16, 2016. A number of hospitals in Kumamoto were severely damaged by the two major earthquakes and required total evacuation. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed the activity data of the Disaster Medical Assistance Teams using the Emergency Medical Information System records to investigate the cases in which the total evacuation of a hospital was attempted following the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929480/nursing-a-disaster
#13
Stephanie B Turner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the needs of nurses predisaster and postdisaster. DESIGN/METHODS: This study involved an exploratory mixed methods approach, with semistructured in-depth interviews followed by a 10-item survey of resilience. SETTING: The study took place in the PI's office in Tuscaloosa, AL. SUBJECTS: Ten English speaking nurses from an area hospital who were on duty during the April 2011 tornado...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929479/social-capital-neighborhood-disorder-and-disaster-recovery
#14
Lauren Clay, Mia Papas, David Abramson, James Kendra
OBJECTIVE: This study examined social institutions as a contextual factor that may influence perceptions of neighborhood physical and social disorder during disaster recovery. DESIGN: The study used descriptive statistics and fit logistic regression models. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants in this study (n = 772) were recruited from temporary housing in Louisiana and Mississippi as part of the Gulf Coast Child and Family Health Study, a longitudinal study of households heavily impacted by Hurricane Katrina...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929478/defining-a-risk-informed-framework-for-whole-of-government-lessons-learned-a-canadian-perspective
#15
Shaye K Friesen, Shelley Kelsey, J A Jim Legere
Lessons learned play an important role in emergency management (EM) and organizational agility. Virtually all aspects of EM can derive benefit from a lessons learned program. From major security events to exercises, exploiting and applying lessons learned and "best practices" is critical to organizational resilience and adaptiveness. A robust lessons learned process and methodology provides an evidence base with which to inform decisions, guide plans, strengthen mitigation strategies, and assist in developing tools for operations...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929477/superstorm-sandy-emergency-management-staff-perceptions-of-impact-and-recommendations-for-future-preparedness-new-york-state
#16
Adam Yanson, Asante Shipp Hilts, Stephanie Mack, Millicent Eidson, Trang Nguyen, Guthrie Birkhead
OBJECTIVE: This study collected and summarized feedback from staff at the New York State (NYS) Office of Emergency Management (OEM) and three county OEMs within NYS to understand lessons learned from the 2012 Superstorm Sandy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional qualitative and quantitative analysis. SUBJECTS, PARTICIPANTS: One staff person from each identified critical role from the state and county OEMs who were still employed in the roles identified...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829532/an-oxymoron-of-long-term-care-sheltering-in-place-during-an-evacuation-a-literature-review-of-the-best-practices-of-evacuation-and-sheltering-in-place-for-long-term-care-facilities
#17
REVIEW
Megan Baxter
BACKGROUND: Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are defined as residential facilities that are home to elderly patrons who are no longer able to live independently. These facilities require comprehensive emergency planning to provide the best response to the threat of a disaster for their residents. However, LTCFs are often overlooked in disaster planning, leaving them to work independently to create suitable arrangements in the event of a disaster. This article examines the literature on evacuating and compares it to the literature on sheltering-in-place for LTCFs...
May 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829531/the-relationship-between-social-capital-and-potential-resilience-in-individuals
#18
Daniel Hahn, Tierra L Willis, A Ruthie Christie, Samuel R Mathews
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between social capital and potential resilience at the individual level from the perspective of emergency management. METHODS: The authors used an online survey tool to present various scales of measurement related to the variables of social capital and potential resilience. RESULTS: It was predicted that social capital and demographics, such as income, would be positively related to potential resilience...
May 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829530/the-social-construction-of-disasters-in-the-united-states-a-historical-and-cultural-phenomenon
#19
Tonya T Neaves, T Aaron Wachhaus, Grace A Royer
INTRODUCTION: Societal risks from hazards are continually increasing. Each year, disasters cause thousands of deaths and cost billions of dollars. In the first half of 2011, the United States endured countless disasters-winter snowstorms in the Midwest and Northeast; severe tornadic weather in the Mississippi, Alabama, and Missouri; flash flooding in Nashville; flooding along the Mississippi River; an earthquake on the East Coast, wildfires in Texas, and Hurricane Irene. Fundamental disaster planning is regarded as an interdisciplinary approach to develop strategies and instituting policies concerned with phases of emergency management; as such, its needs are predicated on the identification of hazards and assessment of risks...
May 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829529/bridging-cultures-nonprofit-church-and-emergency-management-agency-collaboration-after-the-may-2013-oklahoma-tornado-outbreak
#20
Haley Murphy, Jason Pudlo
Community-based organizations, such as nonprofit organizations (NPOs) and churches, play an important role in helping individuals and communities bounce back after a disaster. The nature of disasters requires organizations across sectors to partner together to provide recovery services; however, collaboration is difficult even in times of stability and requires trust and communication to be built through prior collaborative relationships. These prior relationships rarely exist between the majority of the nonprofit sector, churches, and existing emergency management structures...
May 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
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