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Journal of Emergency Management: JEM

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542101/managing-the-worried-well-during-a-large-scale-incident
#1
William Bullock, E Reed Smith, Craig Heligman
A number of recent incidents in the United States resulted in a large number of citizens reporting to the Emergency Room seeking reassurance that they were okay. These citizens are being referred to in the medical community as the "Worried Well." We conducted a review of a transportation incident involving a chemical release and fire, which resulted in over 100 people reporting to the local emergency room for evaluation. Few, if any of the patients seen in the hospital had a potential exposure to the chemical or combustion byproducts...
January 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542100/disaster-related-communication-preferences-of-homeless-and-nonhomeless-va-patients
#2
Alicia R Gable, Claudia Der-Martirosian, Laura N Pinnock, Aram Dobalian
OBJECTIVE: To identify the communication preferences of homeless (H) and nonhomeless (NH) Veterans Affairs (VA) patients for receiving information about the impact of natural disasters on VA healthcare services. DESIGN: Probability-based sampling design stratified on age categories, urban/rural, coastal/noncoastal, and homelessness. SETTING: Northeast United States. PARTICIPANTS: Eligible NH and H participants included those who lived in and had at least one healthcare visit to a VA medical center/clinic in the region in the previous 24 months...
January 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542099/amateur-radio-communications-in-a-disaster-preparedness-simulation-when-all-else-fails-amateur-radio
#3
Randy McCamey, Jennifer Yeager
During natural disasters, communications can be disrupted, which negatively impacts response time of first responders thus diminishing the level of care provided to disaster victims. In the fall of 2014, as part of a larger community-based participatory research study, the Tarleton Area Amateur Radio Club (TAARC) joined the Department of Nursing, Tarleton State University, and provided amateur radio communications during a disaster preparedness simulation. The simulation was conducted to determine the ability of the university to provide rapid response and render quality, acute healthcare to its neighbors during a natural disaster...
January 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542098/managing-uncertainty-lessons-from-volcanic-lava-disruption-of-transportation-infrastructure-in-puna-hawaii
#4
Karl Kim, Pradip Pant, Eric Yamashita
A recent lava flow in Puna, Hawaii, threatened to close one of the major highways serving the region. This article provides background information on the volcanic hazards and describes events, responses, and challenges associated with managing a complex, long-duration disaster. In addition to the need to better understand geologic hazards and threats, there is a need for timely information and effective response and recovery of transportation infrastructure. This requires coordination and sharing of information between scientists, emergency managers, transportation planners, government agencies, and community organizations...
January 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542097/displacement-during-hurricane-sandy-the-impact-on-mental-health
#5
Rebecca M Schwartz, Rehana Rasul, Samantha M Kerath, Alexis R Watson, Wil Lieberman-Cribbin, Bian Liu, Emanuela Taioli
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of displacement due to Hurricane Sandy on mental health outcomes among residents of the greater New York City (NYC) area. DESIGN: Prospective, cross sectional. SETTING: NYC area residents, including Queens, Staten Island, and Long Island. PARTICIPANTS: In a 4.25 year period (June 2012 to September 2016), a convenience sample of 1,615 adult residents from the greater NYC area completed validated measures of hurricane exposure (including displacement), perceived stress, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as well as indicators of alcohol, illicit substance, and tobacco use...
January 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542096/remotely-piloted-life-saving-effort-vehicles-and-emergency-management-an-analysis-on-revolutionizing-humanitarian-assistance-in-pakistan
#6
Ali Bin Nadeem, Ysa Chandna
The majority of the Pakistani public has known little of the unmanned aerial vehicles, also known for their onomatopoeically inspired name "drones," except the fact that it regularly rains Hellfire missiles in Pakistan, claiming the lives of many innocent Pakistanis settled in the western provinces. In actuality, in addition to their destructive capacities, these remotely piloted vehicles have been used since the turn of the century in a variety of live-saving and risk-reducing roles. This research article primarily addresses the third stage of Emergency management-response, with Pakistan being the primary region of research...
January 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308600/use-of-social-media-and-e-government-in-disasters-2016-louisiana-floods-case-study
#7
Daniel Bosch
The case study analyzes the use of social media as a component of disaster response during and after the Louisiana Floods of August 2016. The study analyzes the survey responses of thirty social media users on a series of questions regarding social networks they regularly used during the flooding events, the extent to which users contacted government agencies via those networks, other uses of social media connected with the disaster, and whether social media served as a primary means of communication during cell carrier service interruptions...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308599/the-impact-of-state-fire-safe-cigarette-policies-on-fire-fatalities-injuries-and-incidents
#8
David H Folz, Chris Shults
Cigarettes are a leading cause of civilian deaths in home fires. Over the last decade, state fire service leaders and allied interest groups succeeded in persuading state lawmakers to require manufacturers to sell only low-ignition strength or "fire safe" cigarettes as a strategy to reduce these fatalities and the injuries and losses that stem from them. This article examines whether the states' fire safe cigarette laws actually helped to save lives, prevent injuries, and reduce the incidence of home fires ignited by cigarettes left unattended by smokers...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308598/a-simulator-based-nuclear-reactor-emergency-response-training-exercise
#9
Edward Waller, George Bereznai, John Shaw, Joseph Chaput, Jean-Francois Lafortune
Training offsite emergency response personnel basic awareness of onsite control room operations during nuclear power plant emergency conditions was the primary objective of a week-long workshop conducted on a CANDU® virtual nuclear reactor simulator available at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Canada. The workshop was designed to examine both normal and abnormal reactor operating conditions, and to observe the conditions in the control room that may have impact on the subsequent offsite emergency response...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308597/using-standard-clinical-assessments-for-home-care-to-identify-vulnerable-populations-before-during-and-after-disasters
#10
Alexandra I T van Solm, John P Hirdes, Leslie A Eckel, George A Heckman, Philip L Bigelow
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have shown the increased vulnerability of and disproportionate mortality rate among frail community-dwelling older adults as a result of emergencies and disasters. This article will discuss the applicability of the Vulnerable Persons at Risk (VPR) and VPR Plus decision support algorithms designed based on the Resident Assessment Instrument-Home Care (RAI-HC) to identify the most vulnerable community-dwelling (older) adults. DESIGN: A sample was taken from the Ontario RAI-HC database by selecting unique home care clients with assessments closest to December 31, 2014 (N = 275,797)...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308596/disaster-preparedness-assessment-of-older-adults-living-in-the-nyc-rockaways
#11
Katie Campos-Gatjens
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there has been a measureable improvement in disaster preparedness among older adults affected by Hurricane Sandy in the NYC Rockaways and to identify if there are any characteristics among this sample that might be factors for vulnerability. DESIGN: A 16-item self-reported survey compromised of demographics and needs assessment questions. SUBJECTS: Senior citizens who are members of a local senior center and live in the Rockaways...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308595/letter-to-the-editor-helping-nursing-homes-shelter-in-place
#12
LETTER
J Rush Pierce, Theresa A West
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165783/after-action-review-of-the-2009-10-h1n1-influenza-outbreak-response-ohio-s-public-health-system-s-performance
#13
William A Mase, Beth Bickford, Casey L Thomas, Shamika D Jones, Michael Bisesi
OBJECTIVE: In early 2009, H1N1 influenza was identified within the human population. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials responded with focused assessment, policy development, and assurances. The response was mobilized through efforts including procurement of adequate vaccine supply, local area span of control, materials acquisition, and facilities and resource identification. METHODS: Qualitative evaluation of the assurance functions specific to the system's ability to assure safe and healthy conditions are reported...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165782/rescue-workers-and-trauma-assessing-interaction-among-risk-factors-after-a-firework-factory-explosion
#14
Eugenia Romano, Ask Elklit
INTRODUCTION: This study investigates which factors had the biggest impact on developing distress in rescue workers who were involved in a firework factory explosion. METHOD: Four hundred sixty-five rescuers were assessed using items investigating demographic factors, organizational variables, social support, personality variables, and distress symptoms. Correlation and regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Our final model provided 70 percent of the predictive model for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165781/controlling-disasters-local-emergency-management-perceptions-about-federal-emergency-management-and-homeland-security-actions-after-september-11-2001
#15
Sean Hildebrand
This article examines local emergency manager's beliefs regarding control over tasks during various stages of the hazard cycle since federal policies went into effect following the September 11 attacks. The study considers whether a disparity exists between the actions of local officials during each phase of the "hazard cycle" and the policy expectations of the federal government, which call for greater federal control over activities in emergency management and homeland security. To do so, hypothesis testing investigates the jurisdiction's use of comprehensive emergency management (CEM) practices, the perceived "clarity" of the federal policy demands, and if the local actors feel coerced to comply with federal policy demands so that grant funding is not compromised...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165780/twitter-weather-warnings-communicating-risk-in-140-characters-the-impact-of-imperative-and-declarative-message-style-on-weather-risk-perception-and-behavioral-intentions
#16
Adam M Rainear, Kenneth A Lachlan, Patric R Spence
Understanding how individuals utilize risk messages is important for protecting lives and gaining compliance toward safe behaviors. Recent advances in technology afford users with timeliness when needing to acquire information, and research investigating imperative and declarative message styles suggests utilizing both strategies is most effective. Similarly, the element of time can play a role when an individual engages in certain behaviors. This study employed an experimental design to better understand how imperative and declarative tweets, and time can contribute to risk perceptions and behavioral intentions...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165779/resilience-to-post-traumatic-stress-among-world-trade-center-survivors-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Lisa M Gargano, Sindhushree Hosakote, Qi Zhi, Kristine A Qureshi, Robyn R Gershon
The purpose of this study was to identify individual characteristics, behaviors, and psychosocial factors associated with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among World Trade Center (WTC) disaster evacuation survivors. The study utilized a mixed-method design. In-depth interviews were conducted using a prepared script. PTSD was assessed using the PTSD checklist-civilian (PCL-C; a score ≥ 50 indicates probable PTSD). Thematic analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with PTSD. A purposive sample of 29 WTC evacuees was recruited using a multimodal recruitment strategy...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929481/lessons-learned-from-the-total-evacuation-of-a-hospital-after-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake
#18
Youichi Yanagawa, Hisayoshi Kondo, Takashi Okawa, Fumio Ochi
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Kumamoto Earthquakes were a series of earthquakes that included a foreshock earthquake (magnitude 6.2) on April 14 and a main shock (magnitude 7.0) on April 16, 2016. A number of hospitals in Kumamoto were severely damaged by the two major earthquakes and required total evacuation. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed the activity data of the Disaster Medical Assistance Teams using the Emergency Medical Information System records to investigate the cases in which the total evacuation of a hospital was attempted following the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929480/nursing-a-disaster
#19
Stephanie B Turner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the needs of nurses predisaster and postdisaster. DESIGN/METHODS: This study involved an exploratory mixed methods approach, with semistructured in-depth interviews followed by a 10-item survey of resilience. SETTING: The study took place in the PI's office in Tuscaloosa, AL. SUBJECTS: Ten English speaking nurses from an area hospital who were on duty during the April 2011 tornado...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929479/social-capital-neighborhood-disorder-and-disaster-recovery
#20
Lauren Clay, Mia Papas, David Abramson, James Kendra
OBJECTIVE: This study examined social institutions as a contextual factor that may influence perceptions of neighborhood physical and social disorder during disaster recovery. DESIGN: The study used descriptive statistics and fit logistic regression models. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants in this study (n = 772) were recruited from temporary housing in Louisiana and Mississippi as part of the Gulf Coast Child and Family Health Study, a longitudinal study of households heavily impacted by Hurricane Katrina...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
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