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Journal of Emergency Management: JEM

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345752/recent-field-experiments-with-commercial-satellite-imagery-direct-downlink
#1
Anthony R Gonzalez, Samuel H Amber
US Pacific Command's strategy includes assistance to United States government relief agencies and nongovernment organizations during humanitarian aid and disaster relief operations in the Asia-Pacific region. Situational awareness during these operations is enhanced by broad interagency access to unclassified commercial satellite imagery. The Remote Ground Terminal-a mobile satellite downlink ground station-has undergone several technology demonstrations and participated in an overseas deployment exercise focused on a natural disaster scenario...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345751/tsunami-evacuation-buildings-and-evacuation-planning-in-banda-aceh-indonesia
#2
Hendri Yuzal, Karl Kim, Pradip Pant, Eric Yamashita
Indonesia, a country of more than 17,000 islands, is exposed to many hazards. A magnitude 9.1 earthquake struck off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, on December 26, 2004. It triggered a series of tsunami waves that spread across the Indian Ocean causing damage in 11 countries. Banda Aceh, the capital city of Aceh Province, was among the most damaged. More than 31,000 people were killed. At the time, there were no early warning systems nor evacuation buildings that could provide safe refuge for residents. Since then, four tsunami evacuation buildings (TEBs) have been constructed in the Meuraxa subdistrict of Banda Aceh...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345750/subway-emergency-preparedness-in-shanghai-a-focused-group-and-interview-study-exploring-the-perceived-experiences-of-senior-citizens-and-the-disabled
#3
Benjamin Ohene Kwapong Baffoe, Zheng Shiyuan
As Shanghai's population increases and currently being boosted by an influx of foreigners, there has been pressure on the subway system and this has led to a great concern for the aged and disabled people (including foreigners) who use the subway during emergency situations. The present study uses an exploratory research approach including a focus group discussion (FGD) and interviews to uncover the experiences, safety concerns, and challenges that the aged and disabled faces when using the subway. A total of 38 participants were involved in the study, which comprises of three FGDs and interviews conducted in the city of Shanghai...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345749/the-use-of-social-media-for-campus-safety
#4
Brittany Haupt, Naim Kapucu, Jeffrey Morgan
As public safety communication evolved, each disaster or emergency presented unique challenges for emergency managers and others response to disasters. Yet, a foundational focus is the timely dissemination of accurate information to keep communities informed and able to prepare, mitigate, respond, and recover. For the campus community, the increase in bomb threats, active shooter incidents, and geographic-based natural disasters call for the discovery of reliable and cost-effective solutions for emergency information management...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345748/risk-perception-and-perceived-self-efficacy-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-seniors-and-young-adults-in-emergencies
#5
Alina Engelman, Susan L Ivey, Winston Tseng, Linda Neuhauser
OBJECTIVES: The authors explored the factors influencing risk perception and perceived self-efficacy before and during an emergency for deaf and hard-of-hearing (Deaf/HH) seniors and young adults. METHODS: The authors collected demographic survey data and conducted four focus groups with 38 Deaf/HH residents of the San Francisco Bay Area; two groups were with young adults (ages 18-35), including one group of college students and one group of young professionals, and two were with older adults (ages 50-90)...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101881/using-a-novel-technology-for-disaster-staff-notification
#6
Stephen C Morris, Janice K Pelley, Steven H Mitchell
Notification of backup staff and determining their ability to augment frontline staff is a major component of any disaster plan. However, the communication and organization of this effort has many challenges. These include communication system overload, the disaster setting, disrupted transportation, and staffing impacts on normal operations. An optimal disaster notification system must have the ability to be modified to include all hazards and the unique environment in which the plan is being made. This article highlights a unique disaster staff notification system using a novel technology, an outside administrator, and a multilayer system of redundant communication...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101880/family-emergency-plan-and-preparedness-among-medical-practitioners-in-zaria-nigeria
#7
Jerry Godfrey Makama, Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Elizabeth Jerry Makama
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the incidence of disasters in many parts of the world. Similarly, Nigeria has witnessed a recent increase of man-made disaster events such as plane crash, fire incidents, flood, and building collapse, including bomb blast orchestrated by terrorists that often create emergency situations. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate family emergency plan and preparedness among medical practitioners in Zaria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study (May-July, 2013) of medical practitioners in Zaria, Nigeria...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101879/private-sector-involvement-in-times-of-armed-conflict-what-are-the-constraints-for-trading-medical-equipment
#8
Georg Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: Today, healthcare facilities are highly dependent on the private sector to keep their medical equipment functioning. Moreover, private sector involvement becomes particularly important for the supply of spare parts and consumables. However, in times of armed conflict, the capacity of the corporate world appears to be seriously hindered. Subsequently, this study researches the influence of armed conflict on the private medical equipment sector. DESIGN: This study follows a qualitative approach by conducting 19 interviews with representatives of the corporate world in an active conflict zone...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101878/bootstrapping-disaster-the-challenge-of-growing-and-maintaining-a-cross-sector-collaborative-network
#9
Aaron Wachhaus
This article examines the interaction of nonprofit and private actors with the traditional bureaucratic structures of government in central Pennsylvania&s recovery from hurricane Irene and tropical storm Lee. That effort relied heavily on private and nonprofit organizations as drivers of the response and recovery. The author maps the organizations involved in the recovery effort and explores the impact of the recovery effort on those organizations. A social network analysis was conducted and complemented with follow-up interviews with key actors...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101877/using-a-call-center-to-coordinate-zika-virus-testing-new-york-city-2016
#10
Jasmine Jacobs-Wingo, Ifeoma Ezeoke, Alhaji Saffa, Anna Tate, David Lee, Kimberly Johnson, Katherine Whittemore, Alex Illescas, Austin Collins, Maytal Rand, Jennifer L Rakeman, Jay K Varma, Neil M Vora
BACKGROUND: After local testing criteria for Zika virus expanded to include asymptomatic pregnant women who traveled to areas with active Zika virus transmission while pregnant, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) experienced a surge in test requests and subsequent testing delays due to factors such as incorrectly completed laboratory requisition forms. The authors describe how DOHMH addressed these issues by establishing the Zika Testing Call Center (ZTCC)...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101876/extraction-of-actionable-information-from-crowdsourced-disaster-data
#11
Rungsun Kiatpanont, Uthai Tanlamai, Prabhas Chongstitvatana
Natural disasters cause enormous damage to countries all over the world. To deal with these common problems, different activities are required for disaster management at each phase of the crisis. There are three groups of activities as follows: (1) make sense of the situation and determine how best to deal with it, (2) deploy the necessary resources, and (3) harmonize as many parties as possible, using the most effective communication channels. Current technological improvements and developments now enable people to act as real-time information sources...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873299/using-the-manchester-triage-system-for-refusing-nonurgent-patients-in-the-emergency-department-a-30-day-outcome-study
#12
Roger Daglius Dias, Izabel Cristina Rios, Carlos Luis Benites Canhada, Maria Dolores Galinanes Otero Fernandes, Leila Suemi Harima Letaif, Eloisa Bonfá, Maria Beatriz Moliterno Perondi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes and satisfaction of nonurgent patients who seek care in the emergency department (ED) and are diverted to primary health services (PHS). METHODS: Data were collected from 264 nonurgent patients diverted from the ED of a tertiary public university hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. The nonurgent patient definition was performed by Manchester triage system version II (MTS-II) associated to medical interview in the triage service...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873298/place-attachment-and-disasters-knowns-and-unknowns
#13
REVIEW
Mehdi Jamali, Ali Nejat
When considering the factors important for disaster recovery, one must consider the attachment individuals have toward their living area. This article reviews and synthesizes the current literature on the determinants of place attachment in the context of postdisaster recovery. Although the majority of the reviewed articles focused on disaster recovery, there were some which had a broader scope and were included due to their importance. This research categorizes the determinants of place attachment into four categories: demographic, socioeconomic, spatial, and psychosocial...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873297/emergency-notifications-twentieth-century-or-twenty-first
#14
REVIEW
Kevin Curran
This article explores one area of the decision-making process for emergency managers: when and how to issue a public notification. For certain emergencies, a plan is in place. In other scenarios, a notification decision must be made that could be the difference between life and death. Perhaps the best known of these options is the mass media Emergency Alert System. However, newer options may provide better ways to inform a potentially affected population. Through interviews and literature reviews, this article will explore the choices available and the need for a coherent decision to be made in a difficult environment...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873296/emergency-preparedness-of-veterans-and-nonveterans
#15
Joseph F Geiger
This study examined statistical differences in levels of disaster preparedness between former members of the US Armed Forces (veterans) and civilians (nonveterans). It was hypothesized that veterans would exhibit a higher degree of disaster preparedness as compared to their nonveteran counterparts as a consequence of their training and life experience. Furthermore, if this were proven to be valid, the finding would identify this cohort as an ideal target audience for emergency and disaster preparedness education efforts...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873295/colleges-and-universities-sticking-to-their-guns
#16
Jesse Perez Mendez, Lou Sabina, Jon Loffi
Firearm possession on college and university campuses remains a volatile public policy issue among policymakers, legislators, scholars, and administrators. Given the American federal governmental structure, many states have developed legislative approaches to "carry on campus" policies throughout the years that align with federal law. This study explores the diversity of state approaches and nuances of "carry on campus" throughout recent years and current state legislation under consideration. The implications of "carry on campus" legislation vary on college campuses, depending on applicable state law; however, some general dynamics apply to all...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575644/workload-differences-across-command-levels-and-emergency-response-organizations-during-a-major-joint-training-exercise
#17
Erik G Prytz, Jonas Rybing, Carl-Oscar Jonson
OBJECTIVE: This study reports on an initial test using a validated workload measurement method, the NASA Task Load Index (TLX), as an indicator of joint emergency exercise effectiveness. Prior research on emergency exercises indicates that exercises must be challenging, ie, result in high workload, to be effective. However, this is often problematic with some participants being underloaded and some overloaded. The NASA TLX was used to test for differences in workload between commanders and subordinates and among three different emergency response organizations during a joint emergency exercise...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575643/disaster-behavioral-health-capacity-findings-from-a-multistate-preparedness-assessment
#18
Megan Peck, Tai Mendenhall, Louise Stenberg, Nancy Carlson, Debra K Olson
PURPOSE: To identify gaps in disaster behavioral health, the Preparedness and Emergency Response Learning Center (PERL) at the University of Minnesota's School of Public Health supported the development and implementation of a multistate disaster behavioral health preparedness assessment. Information was gathered regarding worker knowledge of current disaster behavioral health capacity at the state and local level, and perceived disaster behavioral health training needs and preferences...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575642/the-lasting-mental-health-effects-of-hurricane-sandy-on-residents-of-the-rockaways
#19
Rebecca M Schwartz, Patricia Rothenberg, Samantha M Kerath, Bian Liu, Emanuela Taioli
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of Hurricane Sandy on the mental health and substance use of residents of the Rockaways, which is a lower income, ethnically diverse region of NYC that was devastated by the hurricane. DESIGN: Prospective, cross sectional. SETTING: Rockaways, Queens, NYC community residents. PARTICIPANTS: From October 2013 to April 2015, 407 adult residents of the Rockaways completed self-report, validated measures of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress symptoms as well as indicators of substance use (alcohol, illicit substance, and tobacco use) and exposure to Hurricane Sandy...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575641/emergency-management-communication-on-university-web-sites-a-7-year-study
#20
Kelly L Brown, Gina Holguin, Tara Halbrook Scott
In the last several years, disasters-both manmade and natural-have taken their toll on college campuses. Extant research shows that college campuses have greatly increased their emergency management efforts. One area in which colleges and universities have made strides is emergency management communication. There has been some research examining emergency management communication across campuses, but there is still much to learn. This research fills a gap in this area by investigating the use of university Web sites to disseminate emergency management information to the university stakeholders...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
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