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Journal of Emergency Management: JEM

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30387853/analysis-of-9-1-1-call-data-from-an-emergency-management-perspective-a-case-study-of-the-city-of-lethbridge
#1
Chris Kearns, Tanveer Islam
This article examines 9-1-1 call data of the City of Lethbridge in Alberta, Canada over a year to find discernible spatial and temporal trends that may be useful to emergency response or better delivery of emergency management services. The spatial analysis includes Geographic Information Systems hotspot analysis of cellular and landline emergency calls with respect to critical (emergency and healthcare) facilities as well as emergency calls from residential landlines. The temporal analysis looks at hourly, daily, and monthly patterns of emergency calls and the factors driving up the call volumes in certain periods...
September 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30387852/experimental-studies-on-performance-of-ventilators-stored-in-the-strategic-national-stockpile
#2
Ali Mehrabi, Patricia Dillon, Kyle Kelly, Kristina Hitchins, Eileen Malatino, Susan Gorman, Madhusoodana Nambiar, Hilda Scharen
BACKGROUND: The Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) launched a collaborative initiative with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to gain a better understanding of ventilators that are used during national emergencies. This initiative was intended to test reliability of ventilator devices stored long term in the CDC Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) and also used by the Department of Defense. These ventilators are intended to be used by trained operators to provide ventilatory support to adult and pediatric populations under diverse environmental conditions...
September 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30387851/twenty-first-century-emergency-response-efforts-of-the-commissioned-corps-of-the-us-public-health-service
#3
Jeffery L Sumter, Adrienne Goodrich-Doctor, Jill Roberts, Thomas J Mason
The impact of the Commissioned Corps of the US Public Health Service (Commissioned Corps) on the health and safety of the nation spans more than two centuries. The public health efforts of the highly qualified health professionals of this often-underreported uniformed service include fighting threats like the great flu pandemic of 1918, the anthrax attacks, Ebola, and natural disasters such as Hurricanes Maria, Irma, and Katrina. As we near the first quarter of the twenty-first century, it is important to take a snapshot of the critical contributions and response efforts the Commissioned Corps has made in the first 18 years of the twenty-first century...
September 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30387850/post-disaster-place-attachment-a-qualitative-study-of-place-attachment-in-the-wake-of-the-2013-moore-tornado
#4
Mehdi Jamali, Ali Nejat, Renee Hooper, Alex Greer, Sherri Brokopp Binder
Place attachment is the social, emotional, and functional bond people experience with a specific geographic area. The formation of this bond is based on several different characteristics of the place, such as property values, local relationships, and employment opportunities as well as the internal attributes of a person, such as age, gender, and income. While gaining an understanding of place attachment through these characteristics and attributes is indispensable to our understanding of disaster recovery, few studies have explored this relationship using qualitative methods...
September 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30387849/using-discrete-event-simulation-to-increase-the-efficiency-of-point-of-distribution-sites
#5
Patrick Glass, Eric Dietz, Pamela Aaltenon
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to develop a computer simulation model that will provide the most optimal allocation of resources for a point of distribution (POD) site. DESIGN: A baseline assessment was conducted by participants establishing POD sections with no guidance from the investigator. A computer model was built with four stations: triage, registration, screening, and dispensing. The information from the computer simulation was used to design the allocation of volunteers for the experimental group...
September 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234913/social-media-as-a-public-alert-and-notification-system
#6
Tomer Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234912/emergency-preparedness-what-do-new-college-students-need-to-know-and-how-do-you-inform-them
#7
Andy Altizer, Kathy A Lynn, Larysa L Murray
Active shooters, tornadoes, fires, floods, and power outages are concerns for every new student entering college. New students enter college with a variety of academic and nonacademic anxieties. Students express concerns of their study skills, as well as their ability to manage financial and social responsibilities, but seldom does a new student worry about personal safety or disasters. The first few minutes of an emergency can mean the difference between life and death. Candlelight vigils showing incredible sorrow among college students may become more frequent as active shooter incidents continue to increase in frequency and will undoubtedly occur again...
July 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234911/use-of-facebook-for-civilian-led-disaster-response-after-a-winter-storm-a-snowed-out-atlanta-case-study
#8
J Danielle Sharpe, DeeDee M Bennett
OBJECTIVE: To determine disaster response-related contexts and themes of Facebook posts that were communicated on the "Snowed Out Atlanta" Facebook page in response to winter storm Leon in 2014. DESIGN: A content analysis. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 537 posts from the "Snowed Out Atlanta" Facebook page posted between January 29, 2014 and February 4, 2014. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: (1) Disaster response-related contexts and themes of Facebook posts communicated in response to winter storm Leon; (2) the shift in the contexts and themes of posts following the storm; and (3) health-related significance of posts for disaster epidemiology purposes...
July 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234910/help-we-are-sinking-stories-from-norwegian-dispatch-centers-on-decision-making-in-unfamiliar-and-ambiguous-situations
#9
Leif Inge Magnussen, Eric Carlstrøm, Ann-Kristin Berge, Frode Wegger, Jarle Løwe Sørensen
The aim of this exploratory case study was to examine whether sensemaking processes may influence decision-making of emergency call center dispatchers when dealing with maritime crises. This article focuses on sensemaking and decision-making in an emergency services context using Norwegian operators as a case and reports on data collected from five focus-group interviews with emergency dispatchers at five different locations. Each focus group consisted of three dispatchers, representing the three main Norwegian emergency response dispatch centers: police, fire and rescue, and the Emergency Medical Communication Centre (AMK)...
July 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234909/background-to-the-four-stages-of-emergency-management-the-role-of-enterprise-gis
#10
F Peirce Eichelberger
Few examples of enterprise geographic information systems (GISs) implementation are as important and illustrative as the use of GIS to support the four stages of emergency management (EM). The full range of data required to support the four stages of EM are much greater, then any one department can be responsible for by itself. Only with an enterprise-wide GIS perspective can the full range of required data elements be made available to the emergency manager. Most critically, to keep these data sets accurate and up to date, the emergency manager must rely on other agencies and functions to keep all the data current...
July 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234908/assessment-of-community-hospital-disaster-preparedness-in-new-york-state
#11
Dan J Vick, Asa B Wilson, Michael Fisher, Carrie Roseamelia
OBJECTIVE: The intent of this study was to assess disaster preparedness in community hospitals across New York. DESIGN: Descriptive and analytical cross-sectional survey study. The survey instrument consisted of 35 questions that examined six elements of disaster preparedness: disaster plan development, onsite surge capacity, available materials and resources, disaster education and training, disaster preparedness funding levels, and perception of disaster preparedness...
July 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30044493/challenges-of-service-coordination-for-evacuees-of-hurricane-maria-through-the-national-disaster-medical-system
#12
Neil M Vora, Aaron Grober, Bradley P Goodwin, Michelle S Davis, Chris McGee, Sara E Luckhaupt, Jennifer A Cockrill, Selena Ready, Laura Nichole Bluemle, Lauren Brewer, Angela Brown, Cassidy Brown, Julie Clement, Diane L Downie, Michael R Garner, Ruby Lerner, Margaret Mahool, Shirley A Mojica, Leisha D Nolen, Melanie R Pedersen, Mary Jane Chappell-Reed, Edecia Richards, Jonathan Smith, Kitichia C Weekes, Jeanette Dickinson, Charles Weir, Thomas I Bowman, Jeanne Eckes
OBJECTIVE: To describe the challenges of service coordination through the National Disaster Medical System (NDMS) for Hurricane Maria evacuees, particularly those on dialysis. DESIGN: Public health report. SETTING: Georgia. REPORT: On November 25, 2017, there were 208 patients evacuated to Georgia in response to Hurricane Maria receiving NDMS support. Most were evacuated from the US Virgin Islands (97 percent) and the remaining from Puerto Rico (3 percent); 73 percent of these patients were on dialysis, all from the US Virgin Islands...
May 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30044492/emergency-preparedness-collaboration-on-twitter
#13
DeeDee Bennett
Agency collaboration is an important function in the management of disasters and catastrophes. For effective emergency management, the need for intergovernmental collaboration grows as the scale of the disaster increases. Several researchers have examined the use of social media by emergency management (and other governmental agencies) during large-scale disasters; however, few have examined the use of social media for intergovernmental collaboration. This study explores the use of social media platforms as a means to establish and maintain intergovernmental collaboration for emergency management-related agencies...
May 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30044491/potential-contaminants-in-rainwater-after-a-bushfire
#14
Kirstin E Ross, Harriet Whiley, Emmanuel Chubaka, Malinda Steenkamp, Paul Arbon
Using roof harvested rainwater held in domestic rainwater tanks is a common practice in Australia, particularly in rural areas. This rainwater might become contaminated with ash and other contaminants during or after a bushfire. Current advice from Australian Health Departments can include the recommendation that landholders drain their tanks after a bushfire, which can cause additional distress to landholders who have already been through a traumatic event. This study created artificially contaminated water, spiked with chemicals likely to be associated with bushfires, including chromated copper arsenate-treated timber ash and firefighting foam to determine the possibility of contamination...
May 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30044490/individual-and-organizational-factors-associated-with-professional-quality-of-life-in-florida-fire-personnel
#15
Anastasia Miller, Lynn Unruh, Tracy Wharton, Xinliang Liu, Ning Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine a baseline level of compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress (STS) in firefighters, as well as to examine how these constructs related to perceived organizational support, perceived coworker support, psychological resilience, and debriefing in the fire personnel. DESIGN: This was done through a voluntary nonrandom, cross-sectional administration of surveys. SETTING: The study was carried out in the state of Florida...
May 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30044489/the-dermal-exposure-risk-management-and-logic-etookit-characterizing-and-managing-dermal-exposure-during-emergency-management-operations
#16
Naomi L Hudson, G Scott Dotson, A Maier
OBJECTIVE: Emergency management and operations (EMO) personnel require up-to-date information to make informed decisions during natural and man-made disasters. However, information gaps present challenges for accessing human health risk assessment and risk management strategies for dermal exposure. This article describes the development of a decision support system, the Dermal Exposure Risk Management and Logic (DERMaL) eToolkit. DESIGN: The DERMaL eToolkit provides information on key resources used in emergency incidents...
May 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30044488/using-systems-evaluation-theory-to-improve-points-of-dispensing-planning-training-and-evaluation
#17
Ralph Renger, Brenda Granillo
Recurring throughput problems served as a catalyst to search for a better approach to planning, training, and evaluating points of dispensing (POD) exercises. The paper begins with a discussion of the potential of systems thinking and systems theory to improve exercise planning, training, and evaluation. The paper then illustrates how systems concepts guided a POD design team in improving their planning, training, and evaluation strategy. The paper concludes by suggesting the application of systems thinking and systems theory to other emergency response strategies (eg, incident command, emergency operating centers) shows great promise, warranting further investment in testing its efficacy...
May 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30044487/hurricane-knowledge-and-interpretation-of-forecasted-error-cone-and-wind-potential-graphics
#18
Kathleen Sherman-Morris, Karla B Antonelli
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to examine how participants understand, interpret, and make decisions using hurricane forecast graphics. DESIGN: A four-part online survey was administered. Participants were provided an error cone graphic and one of three experimental potential for damaging winds graphics. Hurricane knowledge was also measured. SUBJECTS: Two hundred eighty-six individuals initially responded to the survey. A subset of the sample was used for analysis (N = 203, with 130 responding to questions in all four parts)...
May 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791006/examining-the-influence-of-professional-emergency-management-coordinators-driving-preparedness-and-resilience-on-university-campuses
#19
Stephen A Murphy, Maureen Lichtveld
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the compliance with disaster management recommendations of ensuring a full-time, dedicated professional is responsible for coordinating disaster management programs. This research targets a subset of institutions of higher education (IHEs) in the United States at risk of annual hurricane threats or having experienced an active shooter incident near campus. DESIGN: A comprehensive Web-based assessment was conducted to determine the Web presence of emergency management of 265 IHEs with student enrollment greater than 2,000 in coastal states at risk of annual Atlantic Hurricane landfalls...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791005/no-one-left-behind-postevent-experiences-of-differently-abled-individuals-in-denmark
#20
Adnan Todorovac, Louise Damsbo Simonsen, Ask Elklit
PURPOSE: This descriptive study explored barriers and difficulties faced by individuals with a physical disability (IPD) in Denmark in situations of disaster and in everyday problems. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 12 IPD who had experienced a possible traumatic event. Due to a lack of participants who experienced a traumatic event, the authors expanded their recruitment strategy to include IPD, who had experienced other critical situations (eg, accidents and personal crises)...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
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