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Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR

Mona Zamanian Azodi, Mostafa Rezaei Tavirani, Afsaneh Arefi Oskouie, Mostafa Hamdieh, Mohammad Kamran Derakhshan, Alireza Ahmadzadeh, Farid Zayeri, Naser Nejadi, Majid Rezaei Tavirani, Vahid Mansouri, Mohammad Rostami-Nejad, Reza Vafaee
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is one of the most common mental conditions. Proteome profiling may help identifying important proteins and finally shed lights to complexity of OCD underlying mechanisms. Here, by the application gel-based proteomic approach the proteome profile of patients with washing subtype of OCD before and after treatment with Fluoxetine (positive responders) are compared to healthy matched controls. However, only one of the differentially expressed proteins is examined and introduced in this paper...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Amir Ebrahim Miroliaee, Jamshid Salamzadeh, Shervin Shokouhi, Alireza Fatemi, Seyed Hossein Ardehali, Mohammad Reza Hajiesmaeili, Zahra Sahraei
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common and serious problem that develops after more than 48 h of mechanical ventilation. Improving the activity of immune system with vitamin D, and its consequent impact on prognostic biomarkers of VAP was studied in the current study. A randomized double blind placebo controlled clinical trial was designed. A total of 46 patients with VAP, who were suffering from vitamin D deficiency, were randomly allocated into the study groups of placebo (n=22) and treatment (n=24) The treatment group received 300,000 units of intramuscular vitamin D...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Monireh Ghazaeian, Majid Mokhtari, Mehran Kouchek, MirMohammad Miri, Reza Goharani, Robabeh Ghodssi-Ghassemabadi, Mohammad Sistanizad
The aim of this study was to evaluate the procalcitonin (PCT) changes in two different high-dose colistin regimens in the treatment of multi-drug resistant MDR gram negative infections in ICU patients. This is a prospective study of adult ICU patients with bacteremia and ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by MDR gram negative pathogens. Patients were assigned to two colistin administration groups. Group A received 9 and group B received 3 million international units every 24 and 8 h respectively. Baseline characteristics and measurements of PCT concentrations at the start, the 3rd and the 5th day of the antibiotic therapy and their trends between the two groups were recorded and compared...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Shahdah Khosropanah, Seyed Nooreddin Faraji, Hamzeh Habibi, Majid Yavarian, Roohollah Mansoori, Sezaneh Haghpanah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Sajad Rafiee, Masoumeh Rajabibazl, Reza Meshkani, Azam Daraei, Mehryar Zargari, Fahimeh Sharafeddin, Zahra Fazeli, Attabak Toffani Milani, Maryam Taherkhani
Warfarin is a vitamin K antagonist that genetic and non-genetic factors affected on its dose requirement in the patients with cardio vascular disease. The aim of this study was whether the APOE and VKORC1 polymorphisms influence on warfarin dose requirements in the part of Iranian patients. Blood samples were collected from 86 warfarin-treated patients. After extraction of genomic DNA, the VKORC1 (rs9923231) and the APOE (rs429358 and rs7412) polymorphisms were genotyped by PCR-RFLP technique. We found that the Iranian patients carrying genotypes GA or AA of VKORC1 polymorphism tended to receive lower dose of warfarin (p = 0...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Mohsen Masjedi, Nafiseh Esmaeil, Ali Saffaei, Bahareh Abtahi-Naeini, Mohsen Pourazizi, Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard, Ali Asilian
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a chronic autoimmune blistering disease of the skin, in which loss of adhesion between keratinocytes is caused by autoantibodies. It has been hypothesized that cytokines play an essential role in the pathogenesis of PV. This study aimed to investigate the other immunopathological aspects of PV by determining the serum levels of cytokines in PV patients to find another treatment strategy except corticosteroid therapy. Twenty-three patients with PV and a control group consisting of 24 healthy subjects were studied...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Hassan Emami, Reza Radfar
The current situation in Iran suggests an appropriate basis for developing biotechnology industries, because the patents for the majority of hi-tech medicines registered in developed countries are ending. Biosimilar and technology-oriented companies which do not have patents will have the opportunity to enter the biosimilar market and move toward innovative initiatives. The present research proposed a model by which one can evaluate commercialization of achievements obtained from research with a focus on the pharmaceutical biotechnology industry...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Asieh Aramvash, Azra Rabbani Chadegani, Safa Lotfi
Anthracycline antibiotics are potent anticancer drugs widely used in the treatment of solid tumors and hematological malignancies. Because of their extensive clinical use and their toxic effect on normal cells, in the present study the effect of these drugs on multipotent hematopoietic bone marrow cells was investigated employing, viability tests, PARP cleavage, Hoechst 33258 staining, DNA fragmentation and superoxide anion production techniques. The results revealed that daunorubicin and doxorubicin exhibited time and dose dependent cytotoxicity against the cells and upon increasing the drugs concentrations, apoptosis was occurred after 4 h of incubation and at low concentration of the drugs...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Narges Rahmanian, Parastoo Tarighi, Mehdi Gharghabi, Maryam Torshabi, Ghorban Ali Tarfiei, Taiebeh Mohammadi Farsani, Seyed Naser Ostad, Mohammad Hossein Ghahremani
The Runt related transcription factors (RUNX) are recognized as key players in suppressing or promoting tumor growth. RUNX3, a member of this family, is known as a tumor suppressor in many types of cancers, although such a paradigm was challenged by some researchers. The TGF-β pathway governs major upstream signals to activate RUNX3. RUNX3 protein consists of several regions and domains. The Runt domain is a conserved DNA binding domain and is considered as the main part of RUNX proteins. Herein, we compared the effects of Runt domains and full-Runx3 in cell viability by designing two constructs of Runx3, including N-terminal region and Runt domain...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Ines Sifaoui, Atteneri López-Arencibia, Carmen M Martín-Navarro, María Reyes-Batlle, Mondher Mejri, Basilio Valladares, Jacob Lorenzo-Morales, Manef Abderabba, José Enrique Piñero
Leishmaniasis represents a serious threat to the health as one of the most important neglected tropical diseases as designated by the World Health Organization. The disease is endemic in 82 countries, among them Tunisia is an indigenous area for cutaneous Leishmaniasis. In a previous work, two tritepenic acids namely oleanolic and maslinic acids have been isolated from olive leaf extract. In the present paper, the in vitro activity against amastigotes stage of Leishmania (L.) infantum and Leishmania (L.) amazonensis was investigated...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Razieh Pourahmad Jaktaji, Farzaneh Zargampoor
AcrAB-TolC is a major efflux pump in Escherichia coli. It was reported that tolC is overexpressed and involves in improving the organic solvent tolerance level in Escherichia colimarR mutants that are resistant to several antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin. Low and intermediate levels resistance did not improve organic solvent tolerance. Thus, it was decided to measure tolC expression and organic solvent tolerance in high level ciprofloxacin resistant mutants. tolC expression was measured by real time PCR and organic solvent tolerance assay was conducted by counting bacterial colonies on LBGMg agar...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Rajiv Dahiya, Sunil Singh
The synthesis of a proline-rich cyclic heptapeptide, fanlizhicyclopeptide A (8), previously isolated from the fruits of Annona squamosa (sugar-apples), is described via coupling of tetrapeptide -prolyl--tyrosyl--leucyl--proline methyl ester with tripeptide Boc-glycyl--valyl--proline followed by cyclization of the linear fragment having seven amino acid units. Structure of the synthesized cyclooligopeptide was confirmed by the means of chemical and spectroscopic methods including FTIR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, FABMS and further, subjected to the anthelmintic, antibacterial and the antifungal activity studies...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Azam Chahardoli, Naser Karimi, Ali Fattahi
The biogenic synthesis of metal nanomaterial offers an environmentally benign alternative to the traditional chemical synthesis routes. In the present study, the green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from aqueous solution of silver nitrate (AgNO3) by using Nigella arvensis L. seed powder extract (NSPE) has been reported. AgNPs were characterized by UV-vis absorption spectroscopy with an intense surface plasmon resonance band at 435 nm which reveals the formation of nanoparticles. Fourier transmission infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) showed that nanoparticles were capped with plant compounds...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Shuhong Mao, Xuerong Wang, Zhijiang Ge, An Su, Lixia Zhang, Yanqing Li, Xiaoguang Liu, Fuping Lu
Microbial transformation has been successfully applied in the production of steroid intermediates with therapeutic use and commercial value in pharmaceutical industry due to its high regio- and stereo-selectivity. As such, it is still important to screen microbial strains with novel activity or more efficient abilities in the development of the commercial steroid industry. Biotransformation of steroid: 16α, 17α-epoxyprogesterone (1). using Penicilliumdecumbens as biocatalyst was investigated and selective hydroxylation of 1 was observed...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Mostafa Kamyab, Euikyung Kim, Seyed Mehdi Hoseiny, Ramin Seyedian
Snakebite is a common problem especially in tropical areas all over the world including Iran. Echis carinatus as one of the most dangerous Iranian snakes is spreading in this country excluding central and northwest provinces. In this study gelatinase and fibrinogenolytic properties as two disintegrating matrix metalloproteinase enzymes were evaluated by a strong clear halo between 56-72 kDa in addition to another band located 76-102 kDa for gelatinase and one major band around 38 kDa for fibrinogenolytic enzyme respectively...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Shahla Shahsavandi, Mohammad Majid Ebrahimi, Ameneh Hasaninejad Farahani
Sambucus nigra (elder) are broadly used species to treat microbial infections. The potential antiviral activity and mechanism action of elder fruit (EF) in human epithelium cell (A549) cultures infected with H9N2 influenza virus were determined. The effect of various concentrations of EF on influenza virus replication was examined by using virus titration, quantitative real time RT-PCR, fusion and lipid raft assays following two treatment procedures: A) pre-treated H9N2 virus with each concentration of EF extract and transfection of A549 cell cultures, and B) each concentrations of EF was added to H9N2 virus infected-cell cultures following virus adsorption...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Ayesha Siddiqui, Mustafa Kamal, Seyed Abdulmajid Ayatollahi, Mohsin Ali, Mansoor Ahmed
Bacillus licheniformis RM44 was isolated from hot spring near Karachi and screened for the production of extracellular amylase Amy RM44. Amy RM44 was purified to homogeneity on a single step by affinity chromatography using insoluble corn starch. The molecular weight of Amy RM44 was estimated to be 66 kDa by SDS-PAGE and zymographic analysis. Nine fold purification was achieved with the specific activity of 870 U/mg that provides the total yield of the enzyme up to 31%. Studies on purified AmyRM44 characterization revealed that the optimum temperature of enzyme was 100 ºC...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Soroush Sardari, Samaneh Feizi, Ali Hossein Rezayan, Parisa Azerang, Seyyed Mohammad Shahcheragh, Ghazaleh Ghavami, Azizollah Habibi
Thiosemicarbazides are potent intermediates for the synthesis of pharmaceutical and bioactive materials and thus, they are used extensively in the field of medicinal chemistry. The imine bond (-N=CH-) in this compounds are useful in organic synthesis, in particular for the preparation of heterocycles and non-natural β-aminoacids. In this paper the synthesis of some new thiosemicarbazide derivatives by condensation reaction of various aldehydes or ketones with 4-phenylthiosemicarbazide or thiosemicarbazide is reported...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Usman Sumo Friend Tambunan, Arli Aditya Parikesit, Mochammad Arfin Fardiansyah Nasution, Amalia Hapsari, Djati Kerami
The menace of cervical cancer has reached an alarming rate. There are more than 450.000 cases of cervical cancer yearly, with mortality rate of about 50%. This deadly cancer is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), mainly subtypes 16 and 18. The pharmaceutical industry has produced drug for combating the virus, known as SAHA (suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid). It inhibits class II HDAC Homo sapiens (HDACi). The utilization of SAHA has some side effects, one of which is bone loss. Thus, searching for viable alternatives aside SAHA is inevitable...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Azar Hosseini, Elham Bakhtiari, Abolfazl Khajavi Rad, Samira Shahraki, Seyed Hadi Mousavi, Shahrzad Havakhah, Mohammad Sadegh Amiri
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of most fatal cancers. In most patients it is resistant to chemotherapy. Ferula gummosa gum, Scutellaria lindbergii, Kelussia odoratissima, and Artemisia kopetdaghensis are herbs about which there are some cytotoxic activity reports. In this study, cytotoxic and apoptotic activity of these four extracts on RCC cell line (ACHN) were evaluated and compared (ACHN) cells were treated with different concentrations of herbal extracts (15-500 μg/mL). Cell proliferation was determined after 24, 48, and 72 h...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
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