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Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496494/effect-of-inhalation-of-lavender-essential-oil-on-vital-signs-in-open-heart-surgery-icu
#1
Armaiti Salamati, Soheyla Mashouf, Faraz Mojab
This study evaluated the effects of inhalation of Lavender essential oil on vital signs in open heart surgery ICU. The main complaint of patients after open-heart surgery is dysrhythmia, tachycardia, and hypertension due to stress and pain. Due to the side effects of chemical drugs, such as opioids, use of non-invasive methods such as aromatherapy for relieving stress and pain parallel to chemical agents could be an important way to decrease the dose and side effects of analgesics. In a multicenter, single-blind trial, 40 patients who had open-heart surgery were recruited...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496493/relationship-between-the-provision-of-injection-services-in-ambulatory-physician-offices-and-prescribing-injectable-medicines
#2
Naeimeh Yousefi, Arash Rashidian, Fatemeh Soleymani, Abbas Kebriaeezade
Overuse of injections is a common problem in many low-income and middle income countries. While cultural factors and attitudes of both physicians and patients are important factors, physicians› financial intensives may play an important role in overprescribing of injections. This study was designed to assess the effects of providing injection- services in physicians› ambulatory offices on prescribing injectable medicines. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Tehran in 2012 -2013and included a random sample of general physicians, pediatricians and infectious disease specialists...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496492/infective-endocarditis-report-from-a-main-referral-teaching-hospital-in-iran
#3
Behrooz Heydari, Iman Karimzadeh, Hossein Khalili, Esfandiar Shojaei, Abdolrasool Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present preliminary study was to assess the demographic, clinical, paraclinical, microbiological, echocardiographic, and therapeutic profile as well as in-hospital outcome of patients with infective endocarditis at a referral center for various infectious diseases in Iran. METHODS: Required demographic, clinical, plausible complications and paraclinical data were collected from patients' medical charts. Echocardiographic findings were obtained by performing transthoracic and/or transesophageal echocardiography as clinically indicated...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496491/the-effects-of-transdermal-estrogen-delivery-on-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-women-a-meta-analysis
#4
Fatemeh Abdi, Hamid Mobedi, Farhad Bayat, Nariman Mosaffa, Mahrokh Dolatian, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani
Due to its minimal systematic adverse effects, transdermal estrogen is widely used for the prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. The present meta-analysis aimed to clarify the effects of transdermal estrogen on bone mineral density (BMD) of postmenopausal women. Studies were identified by searching electronic databases including Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase , and CINAHL databases, and also the Sciences Citation Index. Systematic review of articles was published between January 1989 to February 2016...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496490/chitin-from-the-mollusc-chiton-extraction-characterization-and-chitosan-preparation
#5
Hashem Rasti, Kazem Parivar, Javad Baharara, Mehrdad Iranshahi, Farideh Namvar
This study presents the first ever data of extracting chitin from the Chiton shell, which was then converted to the soluble chitosan by soaking in the 45% NaOH solution. The obtained chitin and chitosan were characterized by the seven different methods. Antioxidant activity of the extracted chitosan was also evaluated using the two methods. The shell content was divided into calcium carbonate (90.5 %), protein (5.2%), and chitin (4.3 %). Due to the results of element analysis and (1)H NMR, the final degree of deacetylation of chitosan was 90%...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496489/homoisoflavonoids-and-the-antioxidant-activity-of-ophiopogon-japonicus-root
#6
Yancui Wang, Feng Liu, Zongsuo Liang, Liang Peng, Bangqing Wang, Jing Yu, Yingying Su, Cunde Ma
The root of Ophiopogon japonicus has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine and also a functional food ingredient for a long time in China. In the present study, 17 different homoisoflavonoid compounds were identified in the root extract of O. japonicus by HPLC-DAD and LCMS/MS analyses. The antioxidant activity of the of chloroform/methanol (1:1, v/v), methanol and 70% ethanol extracts, and two major isolated homoisoflavonoid compounds (methylophiopogonanone A and methylophiopogonanone B) from O. japonicus root were investigated by various in-vitro assays...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496488/purification-characterization-and-antioxidant-activities-of-enzymolysis-polysaccharide-from-grifola-frondosa
#7
Zhao Ting, Fan Yina, Mao Guanghua, Feng Weiwei, Zou Yanmin, Zou Ye, Yang Liuqing, Wu Xiangyang
Our previous study revealed that the antioxidant activity of polysaccharide (coded as FGFP) extracted from Grifola frondosa by enzymolysis treatment was significantly superior than that (coded as GFP) extracted by boiling-water. In this study, one purified polysaccharide fractions (coded as FGFP-11) was obtained from FGFP by purified using DEAE-52 column and Sephacryl S-500HR column. Results indicated that FGFP-11 with MW of 59.82 kDa consisted of mannose, glucose and galactose with a molar ratio of 1.00:16...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496487/chemical-composition-and-biological-activities-of-methanolic-extract-of-scrophularia-oxysepala-boiss
#8
Ardalan Pasdaran, Abbas Delazar, Seyed Abdulmajid Ayatollahi, Arsalan Pasdaran
Isolated five known iridoids glycosides (Scrophuloside A, Harpagoside B, 5-hydroxyloganin, 8-O-acetylharpagide and 6-O-methyl,1-glucopyranosyl catalpol), one phenyl ethanoid glycoside (Verbascoside) and a phenyl ethanol amine (2-(4-Chlorobenzyl amino) ethanol) compound from the methanolic extract of aerial parts of Scrophularia oxysepala using by high performance liquid chromatographyare based on isocratic and liner gradients by C18 column. The structure elucidations of the isolated compounds were performed by spectroscopic methods including1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, 2 D NMR technique such as HMBC( in deuterated methanol as solvent), GC-MS and UV, also methanolic extract and fractions( fractionated on solid phase extraction on C18 cartridge(Spack-C18)) of this plant was tested for free radical scavenging properties toward the 1, 1-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), general toxicity (Brine shrimp toxicity assay) , insecticidal ( Contact toxicity insecticidal assay) and antimalarial activities (hemebiocrystallization inhibition assay)...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496486/chemical-composition-and-antimicrobial-activities-of-essential-oils-of-some-coniferous-plants-cultivated-in-egypt
#9
Taghreed A Ibrahim, Atef A El-Hela, Hala M El-Hefnawy, Areej M Al-Taweel, Shagufta Perveen
Family Cupressaceae is the largest coniferous plant family. Essential oils of many species belonging to family Cupressaceae are known to have several biological activities specially antimicrobial activity. The essential oils from aerial parts of Calocedrus decurrens Torr., Cupressus sempervirens stricta L. and Tetraclinis articulata (Vahl) Mast. were prepared by hydrodistillation. The chemical composition of the essential oils has been elucidated by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy analysis. The prepared essential oils were examined against selected species of Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria and Candida species...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496485/phytochemicals-antioxidant-and-antiproliferative-properties-of-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-on-u937-and-caco-2-cells
#10
Yacine Amar, Boumediene Meddah, Irene Bonacorsi, Gregorio Costa, Gaetana Pezzino, Antonina Saija, Mariateresa Cristani, Soulef Boussahel, Guido Ferlazzo, Aicha Tirtouil Meddah
Rosmarinus officinalis L., a medicinal herb from the labiates family, has been reported to have potential benefit in the treatment and prevention of several diseases. In particular its phenolics have demonstrated protective effects on various types of cancer through several mechanisms. The present study aimed to determine the effects of rosemary phenolic extracts on human cell functions, with particular regard to their anti-proliferative properties in three cell types U937, CaCo-2 and the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496484/in-vitro-bioactivity-and-phytochemical-screening-of-extracts-from-rhizomes-of-eremostachys-azerbaijanica-rech-f-growing-in-iran
#11
Solmaz Asnaashari, Abbas Delazar, Parina Asgharian, Farzaneh Lotfipour, Sedigeh Bamdad Moghaddam, Fariba Heshmati Afshar
The current study evaluated the general toxicity, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and cytotoxic activity of extracts obtained from the rhizomes of Eremostachys azerbaijanica (Labiatae) as well as analyzed the potent extracts using GC-MS. Extracts of E. azerbaijanica in n-hexane, dichloromethane (DCM) and methanol (MeOH) were prepared using a Soxhlet apparatus. The antioxidant activity of the extracts was evaluated for free radical scavenging activity by DPPH assay. The antimicrobial activity of samples was determined by disc diffusion and brine shrimp lethality assay (BSLA) was used to assess general toxicity...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496483/antibacterial-activity-of-isolated-immunodominant-proteins-of-naja-naja-oxiana-venom
#12
Mahboobeh Talebi Mehrdar, Rasool Madani, Reza Hajihosseini, Soheila Moradi Bidhendi
The aim of this study is to investigate antibacterial effects of immunodominant proteins isolated from the venom of Naja Naja Oxiana snake against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The innate immune system is an important line of defense against bacterial diseases. Antibacterial peptides and proteins produced by snake venoms have recently attracted significant attention due to their relevance to bacterial diseases and the potential of being converted into new therapeutic agents...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496482/evaluation-of-the-synergistic-effect-of-tomatidine-with-several-antibiotics-against-standard-and-clinical-isolates-of-staphylococcus-aureus-enterococcus-faecalis-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-and-escherichia-coli
#13
Rasool Soltani, Hossein Fazeli, Rahim Bahri Najafi, Alireza Jelokhanian
Antibiotic resistance is an important problem in antibiotic treatment of infections, particularly in hospitals. Tomatidine is a plant secondary metabolite with antimicrobial and antifungal effects. This study examined the possible synergistic effect tomatidine with several antibiotics against standard and clinical strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. After determining the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antibiotics and tomatidine against the bacterial isolates using broth microdilution method, the synergistic effect between tomatidine and antibiotics was evaluated by checkerboard method and calculation of FIC indices...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496481/evaluation-of-various-biological-activities-of-the-aerial-parts-of-scrophularia-frigida-growing-in-iran
#14
Parina Asgharian, Fariba Heshmati Afshar, Solmaz Asnaashari, Farzaneh Lotfipour, Behzad Baradaran, Elmira Zolali, Elhameh Nikkhah, Abbas Delazar
The current study was assigned to evaluate the total phenol, total flavonoid content (TPC, TFC) and antioxidant properties of extracts from the aerial parts of Scrophularia frigida (S. frigida). Extracts were also tested by preliminary phytochemical screening as well as cytotoxic activity against Artemia salina, MCF-7 (human breast carcinoma) and SW-480 (colon carcinoma) and L-929 (normal) cell lines along with antimicrobial characteristic. DPPH, MTT and Brine shrimp lethality tests and disc diffusion method were carried out to determine the biological activities of the different extracts of S...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496480/in-vitro-pro-apoptotic-effect-of-crude-saponin-from-ophiocoma-erinaceus-against-cervical-cancer
#15
Elaheh Amini, Mohammad Nabiuni, Javad Baharara, Kazem Parivar, Javad Asili
Ophiocoma erinaceus Muller &Troschel (Ophiocomidae) is part of the extensive group of echinoderm that contains bioactive metabolites. As the anti cancer potential of brittle star saponin has not been reported against cervical cancer, the present study was conducted to evaluate the anticancer effect of extracted crude saponin. Saponin extraction was conducted using conventional method such as froth test, TLC, FTIR and erythrolysis assay. The Hela-S3 cervical carcinoma and HNCF-PI52 normal cells were treated with different concentrations of saponin fraction for 24 and 48 h...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496479/a-comparison-of-hepatocyte-cytotoxic-mechanisms-for-docetaxel-and-plga-docetaxel-nanoparticls
#16
Bahram Daraei, Marjan Aghvami, Jalal Pourahmad, Rassoul Dinarvand
Docetaxel (DTX) is one of the most widely used drugs in oncology due to its high efficacy against several cancers. Though, its routine clinical administration, formulated in tween 80, causes serious side effects. Polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA), biodegradable polyester synthesized and approved for human use, is employed to overcome these problems. In this investigation, we compare the cytotoxic mechanisms of DTX and PLGA-DTX in isolated rat hepatocytes. Cytotoxicity of DTX and PLGA-DTX were associated with reactive oxygen species formation, activation of caspases cascade, collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), lysosomal membrane leakiness and ATP depletion...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496478/study-of-crocin-radiotherapy-induced-cytotoxicity-and-apoptosis-in-the-head-and-neck-cancer-hn-5-cell-line
#17
Vahid Vazifedan, Seyed Hadi Mousavi, Javad Sargolzaei, Shokouhozaman Soleymanifard, Azar Fani Pakdel
Malignant tumors of head and neck carcinomas are the sixth most common type of cancer. Current systemic therapies for cancer show side effects in normal tissues and short-term efficacy due to drug resistance. Consequently, there is much interest in identifying new drugs for cancer treatment. Crocin (an active ingredient of saffron) has been shown to have cytotoxic effects on cancer cell lines. Chemo radiotherapy is the standard treatment for head and neck cancer. In the present study, the cytotoxic effects, inducing apoptosis and the radiation sensitivity of crocin were evaluated in the head and neck cancer cell line (HN-5)...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496477/cytotoxic-properties-of-three-isolated-coumarin-hemiterpene-ether-derivatives-from-artemisia-armeniaca-lam
#18
Mahdi Mojarrab, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Abbas Delazar, Zahra Tayarani-Najaran
Considering multiple reports on cytotoxic activity of the Artemisia genus and its phytochemicals, in the current study A. armeniaca Lam. and the three components isolated from the plant were subjected to cytotoxic studies. Analytical fractionation of A. armeniaca aerial parts for the first time was directed to the isolation of 7-hydroxy-8-(4-hydroxy-3-methylbutoxy) comarin (armenin), 8-hydroxy-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methylbutoxy) comarin (isoarmenin) and deoxylacarol. Cytotoxicity assessed with alamalBlue® assay and apoptosis was detected by PI staining and western blot analysis of Bax and PARP proteins...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496476/in-vitro-antioxidant-cytotoxic-cholinesterase-inhibitory-activities-and-anti-genotoxic-effects-of-hypericum-retusum-aucher-flowers-fruits-and-seeds-methanol-extracts-in-human-mononuclear-leukocytes
#19
Cumali Keskin, Necmettin Aktepe, Yunus Yükselten, Asuman Sunguroglu, Mehmet Boğa
The present study investigates the antioxidant, anticancer, anticholinesterase, anti-genotoxic activities and phenolic contents of flower, fruit and seed methanol extracts of Hypericum retusum AUCHER. The amounts of protocatechuic acid, catechin, caffeic acid and syringic acid in methanol extracts were determined by HPLC. Total phenolic content of H. retusum seed extract was found more than fruit and flower extracts. The DPPH free radical scavenging activity of flower and seed methanol extracts showed close activity versus BHT as control...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496475/the-effect-of-green-tea-extract-on-oxidative-stress-and-spatial-learning-in-streptozotocin-diabetic-rats
#20
Mohammad Sharifzadeh, Akram Ranjbar, Asieh Hosseini, Mahnaze Khanavi
Diabetes mellitus is associated with distribution of cognitive functioning. Hyperglycemia induced oxidative stress has been proposed as a cause of memory complications of diabetes including cognitive impairment. The aim of this study was to examine total green tea extract (TGTE), a potent free radical scavenger against spatial impairment in Streptozotocin-diabetic rats. Eight weeks after diabetes induction, TGTE was administrated throught drinking water 3 mg/L. The learning and memory behavior was evaluated with Morris water maze task in male rats...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
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