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Journal of Physical Therapy Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942164/effects-of-community-based-rehabilitation-program-on-activities-of-daily-living-and-cognition-in-elderly-chronic-stroke-survivors
#1
Young-Ju Park, Chun-Yeop Lee
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of community-based rehabilitation program in chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Eleven subjects received community-based rehabilitation program ten times for ten months. The main outcome measures were the Modified Barthel Index score for activities of daily living and the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination score for cognition. [Results] The results of the study demonstrated that the community-based rehabilitation program improved activities of daily living performance and cognition significantly...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942163/effect-of-physical-therapy-scoliosis-specific-exercises-using-breathing-pattern-on-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#2
Sungyoung Yoon, Min-Hyung Rhee
[Purpose] This study was performed to confirm physical therapy scoliosis specific exercises on adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. [Subject and Methods] A 15-year-old male middle school student with scoliosis. Cobb's angle, angle of rotation of the spine, and breathing pattern were measured before and after 8 weeks training. [Results] After 8 weeks training, Cobb's angle, angle of rotation of the spine, and breathing pattern were improved better. [Conclusion] These results indicate that physical therapy scoliosis specific exercises improves scoliosis curves and could provide an effective intervention and management of scoliosis...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942162/upward-pulling-plus-exercise-improves-scapulocostal-pain-and-scapular-position
#3
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] To investigate the effect of upward pulling combined with shoulder retraction (upward pulling plus exercise) on scapulocostal pain and scapular position. [Subject and Methods] A 22-year-old woman with severe pain in the right and left scapulocostal areas. The horizontal distance from the inferior angle to the spinal process was measured. The tester assessed scapulocostal pain after stretching and massage. The tester assessed pain after upward pulling plus exercise. [Results] Left and right scapulocostal pain reduced to 2/10 after the upward pulling plus exercise...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942161/effect-of-unilateral-exercises-on-low-back-pain-in-an-urban-driver
#4
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study aimed to develop unilateral exercises for urban drivers and investigate the effect of these exercises on low back pain (LBP). [Subject and Methods] A 40-year-old male driver, who complained of LBP on the left side at L3-5 levels, participated in this study. A two-session program was conducted, and LBP, pelvic tilt angle, and trunk range of motion were measured after each session. [Results] After the unilateral exercises, the anterior pelvic tilt angle was improved and the visual analog scale score of back pain decreased...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942160/accelerometer-based-analysis-of-gait-initiation-failure-in-advanced-juvenile-parkinsonism-a-single-subject-study
#5
Mitsuaki Ishii, Hideaki Mashimo
[Purpose] This study used an accelerometer placed close to the center of gravity to quantitatively investigate whether unexpected gait initiation aggravates start hesitation (freezing of gait in gait initiation). [Subject and Methods] The subject was a 53-year-old female who had been suffering from juvenile parkinsonism since she was aged 21 years. An alternating-treatment design was used to compare acceleration characteristics under two gait initiation conditions, which were 1) deliberate gait initiation and 2) gait initiation on a sudden "go" verbal command (sudden gait initiation), in the "on" state of the medication cycle...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942159/usefulness-of-continuous-actigraph-monitoring-in-the-assessment-of-the-effect-of-corticosteroid-treatment-for-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-case-report
#6
Hitomi Nishizawa, Naoko Shiba, Akinori Nakamura
[Purpose] This study evaluated the effect of corticosteroid treatment on the daily activity of a patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy using an actigraph and examined whether this method produces the same results as the conventional motor-function evaluation methods. [Subject and Methods] A patient with 5 year-old Duchenne muscular dystrophy was recruited. An actigraph was attached to his waist to measure the energy expenditure and the number of steps taken by him during a period of two weeks, 14 days before and 14 days after corticosteroid administration...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942158/changes-of-heart-rate-variability-and-prefrontal-oxygenation-during-tai-chi-practice-versus-arm-ergometer-cycling
#7
Xi Lu, Christina Wan-Ying Hui-Chan, William Wai-Nam Tsang
[Purpose] Exercise has been shown to improve cardiovascular fitness and cognitive function. Whether the inclusion of mind over exercise would increase parasympathetic control of the heart and brain activities more than general exercise at a similar intensity is not known. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of Tai Chi (mind-body exercise) versus arm ergometer cycling (body-focused exercise) on the heart rate variability and prefrontal oxygenation level. [Subjects and Methods] A Tai Chi master was invited to perform Tai Chi and arm ergometer cycling with similar exercise intensity on two separate days...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942157/effect-of-the-push-up-plus-guide-and-resistance-device-ppgrd-on-the-serratus-anterior-during-push-up-plus
#8
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study developed a push-up plus guide and resistance device and investigated the effectiveness of the device. [Subject and Methods] A 39-year-old man presented with moderate pain with left scapular dyskinesis. A newly designed assistance device was used as a push-up plus guide and resistance device (PPGRD). The subject performed the push-up plus exercise without and then with the PPGRD for 2 weeks each. [Results] After performing the push-up plus exercise with the PPGRD for 2 weeks, the serratus anterior muscle power was increased, the pain score was decreased, and the absence of scapular dyskinesis was confirmed...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942156/the-effect-of-a-powered-ankle-foot-orthosis-on-walking-in-a-stroke-subject-a-case-study
#9
Ali Pourghasem, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mohammad Taghi Karimi, Mohammad Kamali, Mohammad Jannesari, Iman Salafian
[Purpose] Standing and walking are impaired in stroke patients. Therefore, assisted devices are required to restore their walking abilities. The ankle foot orthosis with an external powered source is a new type of orthosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a powered ankle foot orthosis compared with unpowered orthoses in a stroke patient. [Subjects and Methods] A single stroke subject participated in this study. The subject was fitted with three types of ankle foot orthosis (powered, posterior leg spring, and carbon ankle foot orthoses)...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942155/the-effects-of-neck-and-trunk-stabilization-exercises-on-upper-limb-and-visuoperceptual-function-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Ji-Won Shin, Gui-Bin Song
[Purpose] The present study aimed to investigate the effects of neck and trunk stabilization exercises on upper limb and visuoperceptual function in children with cerebral palsy. The Jebson-Taylor hand function test and the Korean Developmental Test of Visual Perception-2 (K-DTVP-2) test were utilised. [Subjects and Methods] The study subjects were 11 schoolchildren who had paraplegia caused by premature birth, and who had been diagnosed with periventricular leukomalacia. Kinesitherapy was implemented in individual children for eight weeks, twice a week, for 45 minutes at a time...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942154/systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-mirror-therapy-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
REVIEW
Eom-Ji Park, Soon-Hyung Baek, Soohee Park
[Purpose] To provide data for systematic intervention plans in occupational therapy practice by objectivity showing the value of mirror therapy interventions in children with cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] Medline and EMBASE databases were searched for the key words "cerebral palsy," "mirror movement," "mirror therapy," and "mirror visual feedback." Nine studies that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were identified. The qualitatively determined level of evidence, period of research, comparisons and interventions, tools used to measure the intervention, and the effects were analyzed...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942153/preoperative-physical-performance-predictors-of-self-reported-physical-function-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-scheduled-for-total-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Chul Woong Hyun, Bo Ryun Kim, Eun Young Han, Sang Rim Kim
[Purpose] To determine the preoperative self-reported and performance-based physical function of patients with end-stage knee osteoarthritis who awaited total knee arthroplasty. The preoperative physical performance factors that predicted self-reported physical function and quality of life were also identified. [Subjects and Methods] All adults with end-stage knee osteoarthritis awaiting surgery were enrolled. Before surgery, self-reported disease-specific physical function and self-reported pain were measured using the Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, self-reported quality of life was measured using the EuroQOL five dimensions questionnaire, and physical performance tests were performed, the 6 minute walk test, the timed up-and-go test, instrumental gait analysis, and measurement of isometric knee flexor and extensor strength of the surgical and nonsurgical knees...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942152/the-temporal-relationship-of-thresholds-between-muscle-activity-and-ventilation-during-bicycle-ramp-exercise-in-community-dwelling-elderly-males
#13
Kentaro Sasaki, Tsuyoshi Kimura, Satoshi Kojima, Hiroyuki Higuchi
[Purpose] To compare the appearance time of the ventilatory threshold point and the electromyographic threshold in the activity of the vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, biceps femoris long head and gastrocnemius lateral head muscles during ramp cycling exercise in elderly males. [Subjects and Methods] Eleven community dwelling elderly males participated in this study. Subjects performed exercise testing with an expiratory gas analyzer and surface electromyography to evaluate the tested muscle activities during ramp exercise...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942151/effects-of-compound-music-program-on-cognitive-function-and-qol-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#14
Takaaki Fujita, Akemi Ito, Nana Kikuchi, Tomohiro Kakinuma, Yoshihisa Sato
[Purpose] Interventions using music, physical exercise, and reminiscence therapy are widely used both for rehabilitation and care of the elderly. This study aimed to investigate the effect of structured interventions comprising music, physical exercise, and reminiscence therapy on cognitive function and quality of life of the community-dwelling elderly. [Subjects and Methods] The study included 15 community-dwelling elderly people who used a day-care center. Participants underwent sessions comprising the following three factors: 1) singing songs familiar to the elderly; 2) physical exercise to music; and 3) observation of historical pictures...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942150/the-relationship-between-thoracic-configuration-and-changes-in-volumes-of-hemithoraces-in-upright-sitting
#15
Akira Shōbo, Fujiyasu Kakizaki
[Purpose] Some patients with respiratory disease exhibit asymmetrical movement of the thorax. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of thoracic configuration with changes in thoracic volume in 13 sedentary healthy men. [Subjects and Methods] In upright sitting, 84 reflective markers were placed on the anterior and posterior aspects of the trunk to record thoracic volume during quiet and volitional deep breathing. Using a three-dimensional motion analyzer, the difference in volume within the upper and lower hemithoraces was measured...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942149/the-effects-of-the-intake-of-an-isotonic-sports-drink-before-orienteering-competitions-on-skeletal-muscle-damage
#16
Filiz Fatma Colakoglu, Banu Cayci, Metin Yaman, Selma Karacan, Suleyman Gonulateş, Gökhan Ipekoglu, Fatmanur Er
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the intake of an isotonic sports drink (500 ml water, 32 gr carbonhydrate, 120 mg calcium, 248 mg chloride, 230 mg sodium) the level of the skeletal muscle damage of orienteering athletes. [Subjects and Methods] The study was carried out on 21 male elite orienteering athletes. The athletes were divided into two groups by randomized double-blind selection. The experimental group (n=11) was given the isotonic sports drink, while the placebo group (n=10) was given 500 ml pure water...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942148/the-effects-of-high-intensity-laser-therapy-on-pain-and-function-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#17
Gook-Joo Kim, Jioun Choi, Sangyong Lee, Chunbae Jeon, Kwansub Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of high intensity laser therapy (HILT) on pain and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis. [Subjects and Methods] In this study, an experiment was conducted on 20 subjects who were divided into the control group (n=10), which would receive conservative physical therapy (CPT), and the experimental group (n=10), which would receive effects of high intensity laser therapy after conservative physical therapy. All patients received their respective therapies three times each week over a four-week period...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942147/effects-of-elastic-band-resistance-exercise-on-balance-mobility-and-gait-function-flexibility-and-fall-efficacy-in-elderly-people
#18
Cheol-Jin Kwak, You Lim Kim, Suk Min Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of elastic-band resistance exercise on balance, gait function, flexibility and fall efficacy in the elderly people of rural community. [Subjects and Methods] It is selected by 45 outpatients. They have come into the clinic continually to treat of physical therapy at least 1-2 times for a week. A group treated with both general physical therapy and elastic-band resistance exercise (23 patients), and the other group treated with only general physical therapy (22 patients)...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942146/effect-of-a-simple-and-adherent-home-exercise-program-on-the-physical-function-of-community-dwelling-adults-sixty-years-of-age-and-older-with-pre-sarcopenia-or-sarcopenia
#19
Kohei Maruya, Yasuyoshi Asakawa, Hideaki Ishibashi, Hiroaki Fujita, Tomoyuki Arai, Haruyasu Yamaguchi
[Purpose] To evaluate the effect of a home exercise program on physical function in community dwelling elderly with pre-sarcopenia or sarcopenia. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty-two community-dwelling individuals, over 60 years and meeting the diagnostic criteria for pre-sarcopenia or sarcopenia, were randomly assigned to intervention group (n=34) and control group (n=18). The intervention group completed 6-months home exercise programs, combining walking with lower limb resistance exercises. Body mass index, skeletal mass index, body fat percentage, handgrip strength, single-leg standing, walking speed (comfortable and maximal), and knee extension strength were evaluated at baseline and post-intervention...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942145/effect-of-proprioception-cross-training-on-repositioning-accuracy-and-balance-among-healthy-individuals
#20
Tarek Mohamed El-Gohary, Osama Ahmed Khaled, Sameh R Ibrahim, Abdullah M Alshenqiti, Mahmoud I Ibrahim
[Purpose] To investigate possible cross effects of proprioception training on proprioception repositioning accuracy of the knee joint and on balance in healthy subjects. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty healthy college students and faculty members from faculty of physical therapy, Cairo University were recruited to participate. Participants were randomly assigned to training group (n=30) and control group (n=30). The training group received proprioceptive training program only for the dominant leg while the control group did not receive any kind of training...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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