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Journal of Physical Therapy Science

Hitomi Nishizawa, Naoko Shiba, Akinori Nakamura
[Purpose] Motor function evaluation by physical therapists is considered a valuable tool to assess the progression of muscular dystrophies. Few reports have described long-term motor function assessment during the administration of corticosteroids such as prednisolone (PSL) in these patients. This study examined the importance of long-term non-invasive motor function evaluation in a series of 3 cases. [Participants and Methods] Three boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy who were administered an identical PSL dosage regimen were retrospectively evaluated, and motor function tests were compared in them before and after an increase in PSL dosage...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Yusuke Endo, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Masafumi Mizukami, Kenichi Yoshikawa, Yasuto Kobayashi, Arito Yozu, Yuki Mataki, Shogo Nakagawa, Nobuaki Iwasaki, Masashi Yamazaki
[Purpose] The hybrid assistive limb was developed to improve the kinematics and muscle activity in patients with neurological and orthopedic conditions. The purpose of the present study was to examine the long-term sustained effect of gait training using a hybrid assistive limb on gait stability, kinematics, and muscle activity by preventing knee collapse in a patient with cerebral palsy. [Participant and Methods] A 17 year-old male with cerebral palsy performed gait training with a hybrid assistive limb 12 times in 4 weeks...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Monica Henshaw, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the case of a total reduction of pseudoscoliosis spinal deformity in an adult female suffering from recurrent back pains. [Participant and Methods] A 29 year old female suffering from recurrent back pains was diagnosed with lateral thoracic translation posture; aka pseudoscoliosis. The patient was initially given 12 treatments of relief care including spinal manipulative therapy, then another 24 treatments receiving the same plus mirror image® translation traction and exercises. [Results] The patient achieved a complete reduction of the lateral thoracic translation posture (pseudoscoliosis) as indicated on a post-treatment radiograph after 36 total treatments...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Patricia Arias-Fernández, Macarena Romero-Martin, Juan Gómez-Salgado, Daniel Fernández-García
[Purpose] To review the literature that examines rehabilitation and early mobilization and that involves different practices (effects of interventions) for the critically ill patient. [Materials and Methods] A PRISMA-Systematic review has been conducted based on different data sources: Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, CINHAL, Pubmed, Scopus, and Web of Science were used to identify randomized controlled trials, crossover trials, and case-control studies. [Results] Eleven studies were included. Early rehabilitation had no significant effect on the length of stay and number of cases of Intensive Care Unit Acquired Weaknesses...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Amornpan Ajjimaporn, Sunisa Rachiwong, Vorasith Siripornpanich
[Purpose] We examined the effects of Hatha yoga on EEG and ERP in patients with physical disability-related stress. [Participants and Methods] Eighteen male and female injured workers with high stress levels, aged between 18 to 55 years, were evenly divided into two groups: untrained (CG) and trained (TG) modified hatha yoga groups. A modified Hatha yoga protocol was designed for this population by two certified yoga instructors, approved by a physical therapist, and conducted for one hour, three times weekly for 8 weeks...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Toshinori Yoshihara, Hayao Ozaki, Takashi Nakagata, Toshiharu Natsume, Tomoharu Kitada, Yoshihiko Ishihara, Pengyu Deng, Takuya Osawa, Masayoshi Ishibashi, Muneaki Ishijima, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Shuichi Machida, Hisashi Naito
[Purpose] This study aimed to identify the efficacy of a progressive walking program on the risk of developing locomotive syndrome among untrained elderly Japanese people. [Participants and Methods] Twenty-four untrained elderly individuals (68 ± 4 years) completed a 17-week progressive walking program. The stand-up, two-step tests and the 25-question geriatric locomotive function scale were used to assess the risk of locomotive syndrome at baseline, the 8-week midpoint (2 months), and the 17-week endpoint (4 months)...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Naomichi Matsunaga, Tadashi Ito, Koji Noritake, Hiroshi Sugiura, Yasunari Kamiya, Yuji Ito, Jun Mizusawa, Hideshi Sugiura
[Purpose] This study aimed to identify a simple and useful muscle parameter for use with the Gait Deviation Index in assessment of ambulatory children with unilateral and bilateral spastic cerebral palsy. [Participants and Methods] Twenty-eight patients (aged 6 to 18 years; 16 females and 12 males) participated in this cross-sectional study. Outcome measurements included the Gait Deviation Index, grip strength, 5-repetition chair stand test, upper limb skeletal muscle mass index, and lower limb skeletal muscle mass index...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Min-Sik Yong, Yun-Seob Lee, Hae-Yong Lee
[Purpose] The aim of the present study is to examine effects of diaphragm breathing exercise and feedback breathing exercise on maximal oxygen uptake and resting metabolic rate. [Participants and Methods] Thirty-eight healthy participants were randomly assigned to two groups; the diaphragm breathing exercise group and the feedback breathing exercise group. The diaphragm breathing exercise group was asked to perform diaphragm respiration, and the feedback breathing exercise group was asked to breathe with feedback breathing device...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Tadasuke Ohnishi, Mitsumasa Hida, Takayuki Nagasaki, Chikamune Wada
[Purpose] Angle measurement using images of bony prominences (AMI) determines frontal plane knee alignment from the skin surface without using radiation. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of images obtained with the AMI method. [Participants and Methods] The study included 21 patients with osteoarthritis. We measured the functional axis of the lower limb, obtained via full-leg radiography and correlated the findings with the angle of dissection and the angle measured with the AMI method...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Sawako Yamamoto, Yorimitsu Furukawa, Seiji Fukushima, Osamu Nitta
[Purpose] The initial cardiopulmonary response to exercise is hypothesized to be a useful predictor of aerobic threshold in patients with heart failure. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between aerobic threshold and cardiopulmonary responses to exercise onset by comparing patients with heart failure using preserved (≥50%) and reduced (<50%) left ventricular ejection fractions. [Participants and Methods] Twenty-eight males (age, 36-82 years; 12 with preserved and 16 with reduced left ventricular ejection fractions) underwent a progressive submaximal cardiopulmonary exercise test using a cycle ergometer...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Eun-Hong Choi, Seong-Gil Kim, Young-Jun Shin, Dae-Hwan Lee, Myoung-Kwon Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a newly designed multi joint ankle-foot orthosis on the gait and dynamic balance of stroke patients having foot drop. [Participants and Methods] This study was investigated 10 participants who were diagnosed with stroke. Patients were evaluated based on a 10-meter walk test, timed up and go test and Berg balance scale after each participant wore a plastic ankle-foot orthosis and a multi joint ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) that consisted of orthosis joints (having poster-stop joint and Klenzak joint functions)...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Tamer Mohamed Shousha, Elsadat Saad Soliman, Mohamed Ahmed Behiry
[Purpose] This study compared the effects of a short-term conservative physiotherapy program versus those of occlusive splinting on pain and range of motion in cases of Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction. [Participants and Methods] This study included 112 male and female participants with ages ranging from 15-27 years. Outcome measures were pain assessed by the visual analogue scale and Temporomandibular Joint Range of Motion measured with the Temporomandibular joint opening index. Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Sachiko Madokoro, Pleiades Tiharu Inaoka, Shoji Tanaka, Toshiaki Yamazaki
[Purpose] This study aimed to induce disuse muscle atrophy in Goto-Kakizaki rats, a type 2 diabetes model, to investigate the effects of reloading on the soleus and plantaris muscles. [Materials and Methods] Wistar and Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats were divided into 6 groups: Wistar Control (WC), GK Control (GC), Wistar Tail suspension (WS), GK Tail suspension (GS), and Wistar Reload (WR), GK Reload (GR). [Results] Investigation of myofiber cross-sectional area in Goto-Kakizaki rat soleus muscles indicated that the GS group showed significantly lower values than the GC and GR groups...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Amr B Salama, Walid A Abouelnaga
[Purpose] This study aimed to evaluate the effect of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) on patients with chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS). [Participants and Methods] Forty male CPPS patients were randomly assigned into either an rESWT group or a control group. The first group was treated with rESWT two times per week for four weeks with a protocol 3,000 pulse, 12 Hz at 3 to 5 bar. The control group was treated with the same protocol, but the device's probe had been turned off. The follow-up assessment was done using the National Institutes of Health-developed Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) before treatment, as well as one week, four weeks, and 8 weeks after treatment...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Panagiotis Gkrilias, Athanasios Zavvos, Konstantinos Fousekis, Evdokia Billis, Charalampos Matzaroglou, Elias Tsepis
[Purpose] The purpose of this preliminary study was to investigate whether young players with no history of injury, have developed early asymmetries in dynamic balance ability tested via the recommended for screening in sports, Modified Star Excursion Balance Test (MSEBT). [Participants and Methods] Twenty-four young healthy male soccer players participated in the study having at least 4 years of systematic soccer training. The Waterloo Footedness Questionnaire was used to discriminate the stability dominant leg (STAB) from the non-stability dominant leg (NSTAB)...
September 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Jin-Kyung Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to learn about the effects of a home-oriented program based on sensorimotor activities on executive and motor functions in children with ADHD. [Participants and Methods] In this study, a home-based sensorimotor program was conducted for two male children diagnosed with ADHD. The participants performed the program with their parents four times a week, for forty minutes each time, over a 12-week period. The participants'executive functions and gross motor skills were evaluated using the Children's Color Trails Test (CCTT) and the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 (BOT-2)...
August 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Deed E Harrison, Paul A Oakley
[Purpose] To document the non-operative rehabilitation of lumbar lordosis in two cases with chronic low back pain and flexible flat back syndrome. [Participants and Methods] Two young adult males reported suffering from chronic low back pain associated with anterior sagittal balance and severe loss of lumbar lordosis, aka 'flat back syndrome.' Lumbar extension traction was applied 3-5 times per week for 16.5-20 weeks. A torsion type lumbar spinal manipulative therapy was provided in the initial 3 weeks for short-term pain relief...
August 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Héctor Gutiérrez-Espinoza, Víctor Arriagada-Núñez, Felipe Araya-Quintanilla, Jonathan Zavala-González, David Rubio-Oyarzún, Roberto Sfeir-Castro, Gonzalo Gana-Hervias
[Purpose] Describe the effect of a Physical Therapy (PT) program in function improvement and pain reduction in patients over 60 years of age with massive and irreparable Rotator Cuff (RC) tear. [Participants and Methods] Ninety-two patients received a 12 weeks PT program that consisted in manual therapy and a specific exercises program. Before the start and at the end of the treatment, the shoulder function was assessed with Constant-Murley, the upper extremity function with DASH, and the pain during activity with the visual analog scale (VAS)...
August 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Do-Hyun Kim, Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of manual therapy with functional electrical stimulation (FES) on scoliosis curve and quality of life in children with cerebral palsy (CP). [Participants and Methods] Two children with CP performed 30 minutes of manual therapy and 30 minutes of FES three times a week for 3 months. The Cobb's angle and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) score were assessed before and after the intervention. [Results] The Cobb's angle and PedsQL score were improved after intervention...
August 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] This case presents the reduction of both forward head posture and thoracic hyperkyphosis in a young male with chronic back pain and headaches by a comprehensive posture rehabilitation program as a part of Chiropractic BioPhysics® methods. [Participant and Methods] A 32 year old male presented with constant pain and headaches for seven years since he was involved in a work related injury. He had seen five different MDs, undergone multiple imaging tests, and received multiple prescriptions, thirteen steroid injections and was recommended for a spine surgery that he had denied...
August 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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