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Journal of Physical Therapy Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356654/disordered-voluntary-cough-as-freezing-phenomenon-in-parkinsonism
#1
Mitsuaki Ishii, Hideaki Mashimo
[Purpose] In patients with parkinsonism, the precise mechanism of impaired voluntary cough remains poorly understood. This study used the flow-volume curve to clarify whether disordered voluntary cough reflects the freezing phenomenon. [Subjects and Methods] Case 1 was a 58-year-old female who had been suffering from progressive supranuclear palsy-pure akinesia with gait freezing. Case 2 was a 59-year-old female who had advanced juvenile parkinsonism. The subjects were asked to take a deep inspiration to the total lung capacity and then cough more than five times through the face mask into the spirometer without intervening inspirations between the coughing efforts...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356653/effects-of-electrical-stimulation-combined-with-dysphagia-therapy-in-elderly-individual-with-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-a-case-study
#2
Doo-Ho Lee, Ji-Su Park, Seung-Woong Lee, Jong-Bae Choi
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of dysphagia therapy in an old man with difficulty swallowing in the oral and pharyngeal phases. [Subjects and Methods] The subject was a 72-year-old man with no history of neurological disorders. He was admitted to local hospital because of the complaint of swallowing difficulty. The interventions performed were electrical stimulation and conventional dysphagia therapy. We assessed the tongue and lip muscle strengths. Swallowing function was evaluated by using the videofluoroscopic dysphagia and penetration-aspiration scales...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356652/the-canadian-occupational-performance-measure-for-patients-with-stroke-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Shang-Yu Yang, Chung-Ying Lin, Ya-Chen Lee, Jer-Hao Chang
[Purpose] This study investigated whether the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure is a suitable outcome measure for assessing patients with stroke in research and clinical settings. [Subjects and Methods] The study included into two parts: (1) an investigation of the reliability and validity of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure for patients with stroke and (2) an exploration of Canadian Occupational Performance Measure results in randomized controlled trials of patients with stroke. For this review, the study searched the MEDLINE, PubMed, and CINAHL Plus with Full Text databases for articles published before September 2015...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356651/a-comparison-of-outcomes-of-asymmetry-in-infants-with-congenital-muscular-torticollis-according-to-age-upon-starting-treatment
#4
KyeongSoo Lee, EunJung Chung, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of asymmetry in infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) according to the age when treatment was started. [Subjects and Methods] 102 infant CMT patients under the age of 6 months were selected. The subjects were divided into a group that started treatment before six weeks (n=55) and a group that started treatment after six weeks (n=47). Asymmety was evaluated by determining the difference in the thickness of the two sternocleidomastoid muscles (DTSM) using ultrasonography, head tilt (HT) based on a physical examination, and the torticollis overall assessment (TOA)...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356650/the-effects-of-pelvic-diagonal-movements-and-resistance-on-the-lumbar-multifidus
#5
Ji-Yeon Lee, Dong-Yeop Lee, Ji-Heon Hong, Jae-Ho Yu, Jin Seop Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of pelvic diagonal movements, made with and without resistance, on the thickness of lumbar multifidus muscles. [Subjects and Methods] Participants in this study were healthy subjects who had no musculoskeletal disorders or lumbar-related pain. Participants were positioned on their side and instructed to lie with their hip flexor at 40 degrees. Ultrasonography was used for measurement, and the values of two calculations were averaged. [Results] The thickness of ipsilateral lumbar multifidus muscles showed a significant difference following the exercise of pelvic diagonal movements...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356649/the-effects-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-the-pain-and-function-of-patients-with-degenerative-knee-arthritis
#6
Ji-Hyun Lee, Sangyong Lee, SeokJoo Choi, Yoon-Hee Choi, Kwansub Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on the pain and function of patients with degenerative knee arthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty patients with degenerative knee arthritis were divided into a conservative physical therapy group (n=10) and an extracorporeal shock wave therapy group (n=10). Both groups received general conservative physical therapy, and the extracorporeal shock wave therapy was additionally treated with extracorporeal shock wave therapy after receiving conservative physical therapy...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356648/effect-of-maitland-mobilization-in-cervical-and-thoracic-spine-and-therapeutic-exercise-on-functional-impairment-in-individuals-with-chronic-neck-pain
#7
Keun-Su Lee, Joon-Hee Lee
[Purpose] This study evaluated joint mobilization and therapeutic exercise applied to the cervical spine and upper thoracic spine for functional impairment caused by chronic neck pain. [Subjects and Methods] Eighteen study subjects were randomly assigned to two groups of nine people each. Therapeutic exercise only was applied to the cervical and upper thoracic spine for Group I, while both therapeutic exercise and joint mobilization were applied to Group II. The visual analog scale, neck disability index, active cervical range of motion, static balance capacity, and muscle tone were assessed with a pre-test...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356647/the-effects-of-exercise-training-using-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-on-breathing-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-patients
#8
Dong-Jin Lee, Yeon-Seop Lee, Hyun-Jin Kim, Tae-Hwa Seo
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effect of exercise training using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on breathing in patients with chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty chronic stroke patients who do not show abnormal response to electric stimulation were enrolled in this study and each 15 subjects were randomized either into the study group and the sham-controlled group. The subjects performed diaphragmatic breathing exercise for 20 minutes while tDCS device was attached to them (for study group, the device was on while for the sham-controlled group, the device was turned off 30 seconds later) [Results] The results of FVC, FEF1 and FEV1/FVC in the study group and those of FVC and FEV1 in the sham-controlled group were significantly increased after the breathing exercise...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356646/the-effects-of-action-observation-training-and-mirror-therapy-on-gait-and-balance-in-stroke-patients
#9
Ho Jeong Lee, Young Mi Kim, Dong Kyu Lee
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of action observation training and mirror therapy to improve on balance and gait function of stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The participants were randomly allocated to one of three groups: The action observation training with activity group practiced additional action observation training with activity for three 30-minute session for six weeks (n=12). The mirror therapy with activity group practiced additional mirror therapy with activity for three 30-minute sessions for six weeks (n=11)...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356645/the-study-of-elbow-injury-in-male-adult-kendo-players
#10
Shinya Kishi, Munehito Yoshida
[Purpose] Elbow injury in male adult kendo players was investigated and examined in order to obtain an indicator of prophylaxis of injury. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 22 male adult kendo players aged 25 to 60 years old, and presence or absence of pain, range of motion, and muscle strength in the elbow joints were investigated. In addition, among athletes with limited range of motion (ROM) in the elbow joints, three athletes who had received an explanation and had provided informed consent underwent CT, and the images were examined...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356644/maximal-respiratory-pressure-in-healthy-japanese-children
#11
Miki Tagami, Yukako Okuno, Tadamitsu Matsuda, Kenta Kawamura, Ryosuke Shoji, Kazuhide Tomita
[Purpose] Normal values for respiratory muscle pressures during development in Japanese children have not been reported. The purpose of this study was to investigate respiratory muscle pressures in Japanese children aged 3-12 years. [Subjects and Methods] We measured respiratory muscle pressure values using a manovacuometer without a nose clip, with subjects in a sitting position. Data were collected for ages 3-6 (Group I: 68 subjects), 7-9 (Group II: 86 subjects), and 10-12 (Group III: 64 subjects) years. [Results] The values for respiratory muscle pressures in children were significantly higher with age in both sexes, and were higher in boys than in girls...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356643/effects-of-friction-massage-of-the-popliteal-fossa-on-blood-flow-velocity-of-the-popliteal-vein
#12
Koji Iwamoto, Masafumi Mizukami, Yasutsugu Asakawa, Yusuke Endo, Yuichi Takata, Kenichi Yoshikawa, Masaharu Yoshio
[Purpose] Friction massage (friction) of the popliteal fossa is provided for the purpose of relieving pain related to circulatory disorders by improving venous flow in the lower legs. The purpose of this study is to verify the effects of enhancing the venous flow based on measuring the blood flow velocity of the popliteal vein before and after providing friction to the patients. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen healthy male university students participated in the study. The Doppler ultrasonography (DU) was used to measure the blood flow velocity of the popliteal vein, in order to verify the effects of enhancing the venous flow by comparing the measured values before and after a friction massage...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356642/the-effects-of-preceding-exercise-on-myocardial-damage-in-rats
#13
Seung Hee Hyun, Young Mi Kim, Su Jin Park
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise on myocardial injury in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Two groups of rats were trained with either moderate- or high-intensity treadmill running for four weeks. Subsequently, the concentrations of cardiac troponin and the N-terminal of prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were examined following a single bout of prolonged intensive exercise (lasting 3 h). [Subjects and Methods] The study included 40 six-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 150-180 g each...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356641/effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-of-stroke-patients-on-depression-and-quality-of-life
#14
Tae-Gyu An, Soo-Han Kim, Ko-Un Kim
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to assess the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on depression and quality of life (QOL) in patients with stroke, by conducting conventional occupational therapy with and without tDCS on 20 patients each. [Subjects and Methods] The experimental group (N=20) received both tDCS and conventional occupational therapy, while the control group (N=20) received false tDCS and conventional occupational therapy. The treatment was conducted 20 times over a four-week period; each session was 30 minutes long...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356640/fatigue-influences-lower-extremity-angular-velocities-during-a-single-leg-drop-vertical-jump
#15
Akihiro Tamura, Kiyokazu Akasaka, Takahiro Otsudo, Junya Shiozawa, Yuka Toda, Kaori Yamada
[Purpose] Fatigue alters lower extremity landing strategies and decreases the ability to attenuate impact during landing. The purpose of this study was to reveal the influence of fatigue on dynamic alignment and joint angular velocities in the lower extremities during a single leg landing. [Subjects and Methods] The 34 female college students were randomly assigned to either the fatigue or control group. The fatigue group performed single-leg drop vertical jumps before, and after, the fatigue protocol, which was performed using a bike ergometer...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356639/the-effects-of-upper-extremity-task-training-with-symmetric-abdominal-muscle-contraction-on-trunk-stability-and-balance-in-chronic-stroke-patients
#16
Je-Hyeok Lee, Jong-Duk Choi
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of upper extremity task training employing the bracing method on the trunk control and balance of stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 46 stroke patients whose strokes had occurred six months or more prior to the study. The subjects were divided into two groups. One group underwent upper extremity task training with symmetric abdominal muscle contraction (bracing) applied. The other group simply underwent upper extremity task training, without bracing...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356638/effects-of-manual-lymph-drainage-for-abdomen-on-the-brain-activity-of-subjects-with-psychological-stress
#17
Jung-Myo Shim, Young-Ran Yeun, Hye-Young Kim, Sung-Joong Kim
[Purpose] The present study investigated the effects of manual lymph drainage for abdomen on electroencephalography in subjects with psychological stress. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-eight subjects were randomly allocated to undergo a 20-min session of either manual lymph drainage or abdominal massage on a bed. [Results] Analysis of electroencephalograms from the manual lymph drainage group showed a significant increase in relaxation, manifested as an increase in average absolute, relative alpha activity and a decrease in relative gamma activity...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356637/rate-of-oral-intake-and-effects-of-mechanical-insufflation-exsufflation-on-pulmonary-complications-in-patients-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#18
Toshihiko Miura, Akiyoshi Takami, Misato Makino, Akira Ishikawa, Yuka Ishikawa
[Purpose] In Duchenne muscular dystrophy, it increases risks of difficulties of expectoration of secretion, asphyxia, aspiration pneumonia because of decreased cough function. The aim of this study is to prove that manually assisted coughing or mechanical insufflation-exsufflation prevents pulmonary complication and contribute to continue oral intake safely and continue rate of oral intake in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. [Subjects and Methods] We investigated the status of using ventilator, manually assisted coughing or mechanical insufflation-exsufflation, and oral intake or not...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356636/functional-electrical-stimulation-to-the-abdominal-wall-muscles-synchronized-with-the-expiratory-flow-does-not-induce-muscle-fatigue
#19
Yukako Okuno, Ryoichi Takahashi, Yoko Sewa, Hirotaka Ohse, Shigeyuki Imura, Kazuhide Tomita
[Purpose] Continuous electrical stimulation of abdominal wall muscles is known to induce mild muscle fatigue. However, it is not clear whether this is also true for functional electrical stimulation delivered only during the expiratory phase of breathing. This study aimed to examine whether or not intermittent electrical stimulation delivered to abdominal wall muscles induces muscle fatigue. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were nine healthy adults. Abdominal electrical stimulation was applied for 1.5 seconds from the start of expiration and then turned off during inspiration...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356635/effects-of-a-standard-transfer-exercise-program-on-transfer-quality-and-activities-of-daily-living-for-transfer-dependent-spinal-cord-injury-patients
#20
Ji-Sung You, You Lim Kim, Suk Min Lee
[Purpose] The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of a standard transfer exercise program on the transfer quality and activities of daily living (ADL) in wheelchair-dependent spinal cord injury patients. [Subjects and Methods] We randomly divided 22 patients into 2 groups. During the intervention period, one group received treatment with both conventional physical therapy and a standard sitting pivot transfer exercise program (experimental group, n=12) and the other group was managed solely with conventional physical therapy (control group, n=10)...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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