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Journal of Physical Therapy Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533630/effects-of-hippotherapy-on-the-thickness-of-deep-abdominal-muscles-and-activity-of-daily-living-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities
#1
JiHyun Lee, Chang-Kyo Yun
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of hippotherapy exercise on the thickness of deep abdominal muscles and daily activities of children with intellectual disabilities. [Subjects and Methods] Seven children with intellectual disabilities were treated with hippotherapy for 30 minutes twice a week for 6 weeks. The thickness of deep abdominal muscles and Functional Independence Measure (FIM) of the subjects were measured by ultrasonography before and after the experiment. [Results] There was no significant change in the thickness of the External Oblique and Internal Oblique muscles, but there was a statistically significant change in Transverse Adbominis thickness and FIM score after treatment compared to before treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533629/the-effects-of-a-multisensory-dynamic-balance-training-on-the-thickness-of-lower-limb-muscles-in-ultrasonography-in-children-with-spastic-diplegic-cerebral-palsy
#2
Seung-Min Nam, Won-Hyo Kim, Chang-Kyo Yun
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the effects of multisensory dynamic balance training on muscles thickness such as rectus femoris, anterior tibialis, medial gastrocnemius, lateral gastrocnemius in children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy by using ultrasonography. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen children diagnosed with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy were divided randomly into the balance training group and control group. The experimental group only received a multisensory dynamic balance training, while the control group performed general physiotherapy focused balance and muscle strengthening exercise based Neurodevelopmental treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533628/the-effects-of-neck-and-trunk-stabilization-exercises-on-cerebral-palsy-children-s-static-and-dynamic-trunk-balance-case-series
#3
Ji-Won Shin, Gui-Bin Song, Jooyeon Ko
[Purpose] The purpose of this case series was to examination the effects of trunk and neck stabilization exercise on the static, dynamic trunk balance abilities of children with cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] The study included 11 school aged children diagnosed with paraplegia due to a premature birth. Each child engaged in exercise treatments twice per week for eight weeks; each treatment lasted for 45 minutes. After conducting a preliminary assessment, exercise treatments were designed based on each child's level of functioning...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533627/reduced-foot-pain-after-spasticity-control-with-alcohol-block-in-a-patient-with-chronic-hemiparetic-stroke-a-case-report
#4
Min Cheol Chang
[Purpose] This study report a case of a patient with hemiparetic stroke who showed significantly reduced foot pain when ankle spasticity was reduced using nerve and motor point blocks with 20% ethyl alcohol. [Subject and Methods] A 58-year-old woman with left hemiparesis following intracranial hemorrhage five years previously presented with pain in the left fifth metatarsal head for two years (numeric rating scale[NRS]: 8). Erythema and edema were observed on the lateral aspect of the head of the fifth metatarsal bone...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533626/nonhealing-progressive-stress-fractures-of-the-foot-in-a-13-year-old-basketball-player-is-vitamin-k-deficiency-a-risk-factor
#5
Meral Bayramoğlu, Nuray Ünlütürk
[Purpose] To report an adolescent male basketball player with nonhealing stress fractures of the foot and discuss the probable factors. [Subject and Methods] A 13-year-old basketball player presented with right foot pain. He had been playing basketball for three years and practicing 5 days/week. He denied any increase in daily training intensity. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed stress fractures of the cuboid and cuneiform, with mild edema of the soft tissues between the tarsal bones and tenosynovitis of the flexor hallucis and flexor digitorum longi...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533625/beneficial-effect-of-interventional-exercise-on-autistic-fragile-x-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Seunghoon Lee, Jinyoung Won, Sookyoung Park, Sang-Rae Lee, Kyu-Tae Chang, Joo-Heon Kim, Yonggeun Hong
[Purpose] The purpose of the present review is to discuss recent published articles in the understanding of efficacy of interventional exercise on autistic Fragile X syndrome (FXS) with special emphasis on its significance in clinical application in patients. [Methods] This review article was identified scientifically and/or clinically relevant articles from PubMed that directly/indirectly met the inclusion criteria. [Results] Mutation of fragile X mental retardation 1 (fmr1) gene on the X chromosome is related with loss of fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) that affecting physiological and behavioral abnormalities...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533624/relative-and-absolute-reliability-of-ultrasound-measurements-for-the-thickness-of-the-soft-tissue-around-the-shoulder-joint-of-young-normal-subjects
#7
Nobuhisa Ohya, Takumi Yamada, Yoshinao Satoh, Hirobumi Kawamura
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability of ultrasound measurements by analyzing the relative reliability and absolute reliability when measuring soft tissue thickness around the shoulder joint. [Subjects and Methods] Eleven healthy young adults (22 shoulders) participated in this study. Thickness of the supraspinatus tendon, subacromial bursa, and biceps tendon was measured on both shoulders. This protocol was performed twice in the same day. The relative reliability of ultrasound measurement was evaluated using the intraclass correlation coefficient for determining the degree of consistency and agreement between two measures...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533623/short-physical-performance-battery-for-middle-aged-and-older-adult-cardiovascular-disease-patients-implication-for-strength-tests-and-lower-extremity-morphological-evaluation
#8
Tomohiro Yasuda, Kazuya Fukumura, Toshiaki Nakajima
[Purpose] To examine if the SPPB is higher with healthy subjects than outpatients, which was higher than inpatients and if the SPPB can be validated assessment tool for strength tests and lower extremity morphological evaluation in cardiovascular disease patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-four middle aged and older adults with cardiovascular disease were recruited from inpatient and outpatient facilities and assigned to separate experimental groups. Twelve age-matched healthy volunteers were assigned to a control group...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533622/the-effects-of-a-combined-physical-activity-recreation-and-art-and-craft-program-on-adl-cognition-and-depression-in-the-elderly
#9
DeokJu Kim
[Purpose] To determine the effects of a combined physical activity, arts and crafts, and recreational program on the activities of daily living (ADL), cognitive function, and depression in the elderly. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-eight elderly persons aged 65 years or older who live in P City, South Korea participated in a program combining arts and crafts and physical and recreational activities, twice weekly for eight weeks (a total of 16 sessions). The subjects' ADL, cognitive function, and depression were measured before and after the program using the following assessment instruments: the FIM, MMSE-K, and BDI, respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533621/correlations-between-slow-rate-repetitive-nerve-stimulation-and-characteristics-associated-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-in-chinese-patients
#10
Yan Wang, Zheman Xiao, Hong Chu, Jingjing Liang, Xu Wu, Hongjuan Dong, Yang Yan, Zuneng Lu
[Purpose] To clarify the features associated with decrements in compound muscle action potentials (CMAP) during slow-rate repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) of muscles involved in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in mainland China. [Subjects and Methods] A retrospective study of decremental responses to slow-rate RNS was performed to compare patients with ALS to those with myasthenia gravis (MG). [Results] A significant decrement (>5%) was observed in at least one muscle in 54% of ALS patients. The trapezius muscle was the most commonly affected (67%)...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533620/benefits-of-using-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-as-a-tool-to-facilitate-the-chronic-knee-injury-rehabilitation
#11
Jae-Moo Lee, Ji-Hang Lee
[Purpose] While primary motor cortex activation has been implicated as a key factor in the arthrogenic muscle inhibition after knee joint injury, no viable rehabilitation protocol has been developed to accommodate this factor. In this study, transcranial magnetic stimulation was applied as a means of dissipating arthrogenic muscle inhibition by introducing temporary motor cortex excitation prior to the rehabilitation. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-four subjects who have underwent the surgery due to knee injury were recruited, and randomly assigned to the control or the simulation groups...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533619/the-effects-of-exercise-using-an-ergometer-with-swaying-saddle-on-chronic-lower-back-pain
#12
Seung Jin Byeon, Ki Hyun Kim
[Purpose] This study aims to investigate the effects of exercise using an ergometer with swaying saddle on chronic lower back pain. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-three normal adults (university students) with chronic lower back pain were randomly recruited. The flexibility and strength of muscles were measured before and after an 8-week intervention. Belly-bike, an ergometer with a swaying saddle, was used. The duration of intervention was 30 minutes a day, 3 times a week. To measure the level of pain, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Korean Oswestry Disability Index were used...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533618/interrater-reliability-and-intrarater-reliability-of-lateral-scapular-slide-tests-of-females-in-their-20s
#13
Sang-Young Park
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the intrarater reliability and intrarater reliability of lateral scapular slide tests among young females. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 60 female students in U University in Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea participated in this study. Lateral scapular slide tests (LSST) were conducted to identify interrater & intrarater reliability. In the LSSTs, the distance from the inferior angle of the scapula to thoracic vertebral spinous process T8 was measured in three positions (shoulder joint 0°, 45°, and 90° abduction) using tape measures...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533617/estimated-lower-speed-boundary-at-which-the-walk-ratio-constancy-is-broken-in-healthy-adults
#14
Rumi Murakami, Yohei Otaka
[Purpose] The ratio of step length to cadence (walk ratio) is invariant over a wide range of speeds. However, no studies have investigated details of the change in the walk ratio at slow speeds. It is necessary to explore how walking behavior changes at a low speed to understand the slow walking observed in various conditions such as aging and pathological conditions. In this study, changes in the walk ratio at slow speeds were investigated, and a lower boundary was estimated at which the walk ratio constancy is broken...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533616/discriminative-and-predictive-validity-of-the-short-form-activities-specific-balance-confidence-scale-for-predicting-fall-of-stroke-survivors
#15
SeungHeon An, Yunbok Lee, DongGeon Lee, Ki-Hun Cho, GyuChang Lee, Dong-Sik Park
[Purpose] The present study aimed to investigate the discriminative validity of the short-form activities-specific balance confidence scale (ABC scale) in predicting falls, and its validity. [Subjects and Methods] 43 stroke survivors were identified as a group with a history of multiple falls (faller group) and a group without or with a history of one falls (non-faller group). The balance confidence was examined using the ABC scale and the short-form ABC scale. Functional abilities were examined with Fugl-Meyer assessment, sit-to-stand test, and Berg balance scale...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533615/effects-of-taekwondo-intervention-on-cognitive-function-and-academic-self-efficacy-in-children
#16
Su Youn Cho, Young Il Kim, Hee Tae Roh
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of taekwondo training on cognitive function and academic self-efficacy in children. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-five children participated in the study. Seventeen children were randomly selected to undergo taekwondo training for 16 weeks (5 times per week). As controls, 18 children received no training. Cognitive function and academic self-efficacy were measured using the Stroop Color and Word Test (Word, Color, and Color-Word) and academic self-efficacy scale (Self-confidence, Self-regulatory Efficacy, and Task Difficulty Preference), respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533614/the-effect-of-bridge-exercise-method-on-the-strength-of-rectus-abdominis-muscle-and-the-muscle-activity-of-paraspinal-muscles-while-doing-treadmill-walking-with-high-heels
#17
Taewook Kang, Jaeseok Lee, Junghoon Seo, Dongwook Han
[Purpose] The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of the method of bridge exercise on the change of rectus abdominis muscle and the muscle activity of paraspinal muscles while doing treadmill walking with high heels. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this research are healthy female students consisting of 10 persons performing bridge exercises in a supine group, 10 persons performing bridge exercises in a prone group, and 10 persons in a control group while in S university in Busan. Bridge exercise in supine position is performed in hook lying position...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533613/the-effects-of-tool-holding-on-body-schema-during-motor-imagery-a-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#18
Tsubasa Oikawa, Daisuke Hirano, Takamichi Taniguchi, Hitoshi Maruyama
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to assess the influence of tool holding on brain activities during motor imagery in two tasks: imagining the movement of writing the alphabet while holding a pen and without holding the pen. [Subjects and Methods] Eleven healthy right-handed adults performed two tasks, holding a pen and not holding the pen during imagining the movement of writing the alphabet using a pen. Regions of targets were Brodmann areas 6 which were a motor-related region, 44/45 and 39/40 which taken on the role of forming the body schema...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533612/should-high-power-posing-be-integrated-in-physical-therapy
#19
Weiqing Ge, Teale K Bennett, Jeremy C Oller
[Purpose] Postural assessment and correction is a common approach in patient management to decrease symptoms and improve function for patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of high-power posing on muscle strength and pain threshold. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-one subjects, 16 females and 15 males, mean age 28.9 (SD 10.8) years old, were recruited through a convenience sampling on the university campus. The research design was a randomized controlled trial. In the experimental group, the subjects were instructed to stand in a high-power posture...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533611/the-effect-of-horse-riding-simulator-exercise-on-the-gait-muscle-strength-and-muscle-activation-in-elderly-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#20
Seung-Kyu Kim, Seong-Gil Kim, Gak HwangBo
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of horse-riding simulator exercise on gait ability and muscle strength, muscle activation in elderly with knee osteoarthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis were recruited, a horse-riding simulator group consisted of fifteen subjects and they performed exercise three times a week for eight weeks. And each exercise was performed, horse riding simulator exercise for 15 minutes and knee strengthening exercise for 15 minutes...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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