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Journal of Physical Therapy Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265176/development-of-education-program-for-physical-therapy-assistant-in-quang-tri-province-of-vietnam
#1
Jin Won Noh, Sang Hyun Cho, Min Hee Kim, Eun Joo Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to develop an education program for physical therapy assistants in order to provide high quality physical therapy for the province of Quang Tri in Vietnam. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects consisted of 9 professors in Quang Tri medical college and 1 physical therapist in Quang Tri General hospital. The survey research to lecturer for education of physical therapy assistant in Quang Tri medical college was conducted as pre-analysis of demand for the physical therapy assistant curriculum development...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265175/effectiveness-of-massage-therapy-on-the-range-of-motion-of-the-shoulder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Young-Ran Yeun
[Purpose] This study was conducted to identify and analyze the degree of effect of massage therapy on the range of motion of the shoulder. [Subjects and Methods] The database search was conducted using PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, RISS, NDSL, NANET, DBpia, and KoreaMed. The meta-analysis was based on 7 studies, covered a total of 237 participants, and used a random-effects model. [Results] The effect size estimate showed that massage therapy significantly improved the shoulder range of motion, especially the flexion (SMD: 18...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265174/effect-of-floating-toes-on-knee-and-trunk-acceleration-during-walking-a-preliminary-study
#3
Daisuke Uritani, Chinatsu Sakamoto, Takahiko Fukumoto
[Purpose] This study investigated the effect of floating toes on knee and trunk acceleration during walking in experimental setting. [Subjects and Methods] Twelve healthy volunteers walked barefoot at a preferred speed along a linear pathway under 2 conditions: normal gait (control) condition and floating toes (FT) condition. In the latter, weight bearing by the toes was avoided using kinesiology tape applied along the toe extensors. Accelerations of the knee (Kn) and lumbar spine (Lx) were assessed using triaxial accelerometers mounted on the right fibular head and the spinous process of L3...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265173/shadow-moir%C3%A3-technique-for-postural-assessment-qualitative-assessment-protocol-by-intra-and-inter-rater-evaluation
#4
José Nunes da Silva Filho, Luiz Alberto Batista, Jonas Lírio Gurgel, Flávia Porto
[Purpose] This study aimed to develop and validate an assessment tool for Moiré topogram made specifically with the Shadow Moiré technique of the dorsum. [Subjects and Methods] In the analysis of topograms, frontal, sagittal, and transverse planes of individuals' dorsal were considered. Two instructor evaluators analyzed the topograms at different times in the day and on different days. The measurements of intra- and inter- (intra- and interday) reliability were calculated. [Results] Of the three planes analyzed, in all analyses, good (0...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265172/relationship-between-muscle-tendon-length-range-of-motion-and-resistance-to-passive-movement-in-children-with-normal-and-increased-tone
#5
Ayumi Matsukiyo, Ah-Cheng Goh, Yoshimi Asagai
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to quantify the resistance to passive movement by measuring changes in muscle-tendon length and joint range of motion (ROM), before and after applying a standardized 5-kilogram tension force, and to correlate and compare these changes to muscle tone. [Subjects and Methods] Children with cerebral palsy (n=29) and typically developed children (n=12) participated in this observational study. The modified Ashworth scale (MAS) was used to assess tone in the right plantarflexor muscle...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265171/effects-of-gross-motor-function-and-manual-function-levels-on-performance-based-adl-motor-skills-of-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#6
Myoung-Ok Park
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine effects of Gross Motor Function Classification System and Manual Ability Classification System levels on performance-based motor skills of children with spastic cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three children with cerebral palsy were included. The Assessment of Motor and Process Skills was used to evaluate performance-based motor skills in daily life. Gross motor function was assessed using Gross Motor Function Classification Systems, and manual function was measured using the Manual Ability Classification System...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265170/reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-fibromyalgia-rapid-screening-tool-first
#7
Reyhan Celiker, Lale Altan, Aylin Rezvani, Ilknur Aktas, Nurettin Tastekin, Erbil Dursun, Nigar Dursun, Selda Sarıkaya, Senay Ozdolap, Kenan Akgun, Coskun Zateri, Murat Birtane
[Purpose] An easy-to-use, psychometrically validated screening tool for fibromyalgia is needed. This study aims to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Fibromyalgia Rapid Screening Tool by correlating it with 2013 American College of Rheumatology alternative diagnostic criteria and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 269 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation clinic outpatients. Patients completed a questionnaire including the Fibromyalgia Rapid Screening Tool (twice), 2013 American College of Rheumatology alternative diagnostic criteria, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265169/effect-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-on-respiratory-capacity-and-walking-ability-with-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#8
Kyeong-Man Jung, Dae-Hyouk Bang
[Purpose] To investigate the effects of inspiratory muscle training on respiratory capacity and walking ability in subacute stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n=6) or a control group (n=6). Patients in the experimental group received inspiratory muscle training for 30 minutes (six sets of five-minutes) and traditional physical therapy once a day, five days a week, for four weeks. The control group received aerobic exercise for 30 minutes and traditional physical therapy for 30 minutes a day, five days a week, for four weeks...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265168/analysis-of-mechanical-properties-of-cervical-muscles-in-patients-with-cervicogenic-headache
#9
REVIEW
Seung Kyu Park, Dae Jung Yang, Je Ho Kim, Jae Won Heo, Yo Han Uhm, Jong Hyuk Yoon
[Purpose] This study aimed to compare and analyze the mechanical properties of the upper cervical muscles in patients with cervicogenic headache to identify efficient methods of treatment and diagnosis. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 40 subjects including 20 healthy individuals and 20 patients with cervicogenic headache were selected. A MyotonPRO device was used to measure the tone (Hz), stiffness (N/m), and elasticity (log decrement) of the suboccipital muscles and upper trapezius of the subjects. [Results] There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the elasticity of the suboccipital muscles and upper trapezius...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265167/the-effect-of-modified-cervical-exercise-on-smartphone-users-with-forward-head-posture
#10
Yong-Soo Kong, Yu-Mi Kim, Je-Myung Shim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of modified cervical exercise and determine whether such exercise improves the range of motion of the cervical movement in smartphone users with forward head posture. [Subjects and Methods] Some 32 subjects with forward head posture participated in this study. They were randomly allocated to three groups, and the modified cervical exercises were performed either once, twice, or three times per day. The exercise program was followed for four weeks and then the joint range of motion of the participants was measured...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265166/functional-state-of-knee-arthritis-patients-and-related-factors
#11
Jiyeon Lee, Jung-Hee Kim, EunJung Chung, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] The objective of this study is to provide a direction for efficient management of arthritis through the analysis of multiple factors related to the functional state of patients. [Subjects and Methods] The Visual Analog Scale, Knee Society Knee Score & Function Score, Hospital for Special Surgery, Short Form-36 Health Survey and Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index for a total of 135 patients with knee arthritis were determined with a survey. [Results] There is a significant correlation between age, pain, Knee Society Knee Score, Hospital for Special Surgery, Knee Society Function Score, and Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index score...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265165/reliability-of-lower-extremity-muscle-strength-measurements-with-handheld-dynamometry-in-stroke-patients-during-the-acute-phase-a-pilot-reliability-study
#12
Hsiao-Ching Yen, Jer-Junn Luh, Ting Teng, Guan-Shuo Pan, Wen-Shiang Chen, Chiang-Chang Hsun, Jiann-Shing Jeng
[Purpose] No literature has described a suitable method for measuring muscle strength in a supine position during acute phase after stroke. This study investigated the feasibility and reliability of using a commercial handheld dynamometer to measure the muscle strengths of the hip flexor, knee extensor, and dorsiflexor in the supine position with a modified method for patients at a stroke intensive care center within 7 days of stroke onset. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen persons with acute stroke participated in this cross-sectional study...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265164/passive-exercise-of-the-lower-limbs-and-trunk-alleviates-decreased-intestinal-motility-in-patients-in-the-intensive-care-unit-after-cardiovascular-surgery
#13
Tomoyuki Morisawa, Tetsuya Takahashi, Naoki Sasanuma, Satoshi Mabuchi, Kenta Takeda, Naoto Hori, Naotsugu Ohashi, Takeshi Ide, Kazuhisa Domen, Shinichi Nishi
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to clarify the effects of passive exercise of the lower limbs and trunk (PELT) in ICU patients after cardiovascular surgery with decreased bowel motility. [Subjects and Methods] Ten ICU patients with clinically-apparent decreased bowel motility during the period of April to July 2016 were enrolled this study. Bowel sounds (BS) for 5 minutes at rest and 5 minutes after PELT were recorded through an electronic stethoscope. A frequency analysis was performed and the BS before and after PELT were compared...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265163/validity-of-gait-asymmetry-estimation-by-using-an-accelerometer-in-individuals-with-hemiparetic-stroke
#14
Kazuaki Oyake, Tomofumi Yamaguchi, Masafumi Sugasawa, Chihiro Oda, Shigeo Tanabe, Kunitsugu Kondo, Yohei Otaka, Kimito Momose
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of estimating step time and length asymmetries, using an accelerometer against force plate measurements in individuals with hemiparetic stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-four individuals who previously had experienced a stroke were asked to walk without using a cane or manual assistance on a 16-m walkway. Step time and length were measured using force plates, which is the gold standard for assessing gait asymmetry. In addition to ground reaction forces, trunk acceleration was simultaneously measured using an accelerometer...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265162/vojta-therapy-and-neurodevelopmental-treatment-in-children-with-infantile-postural-asymmetry-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Michael Wilhelm Jung, Margarete Landenberger, Tatjana Jung, Thorsten Lindenthal, Heike Philippi
[Purpose] Physical therapy is an acknowledged and frequently applied method for infantile postural asymmetry. However, there is not yet sufficient evidence for its effectiveness. [Subjects and Methods] In a randomised controlled trial, the effect of Vojta therapy versus Neurodevelopmental treatment is assessed in infants with postural asymmetry. 65 infants with postural asymmetry were recruited. 37 infants aged six to eight weeks (mean 7.38) were found to be eligible and randomly assigned to two groups, with 19 receiving Vojta and 18 Neurodevelopmental treatment...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265161/effects-of-perioperative-factors-and-hip-geometry-on-hip-abductor-muscle-strength-during-the-first-6-months-after-anterolateral-total-hip-arthroplasty
#16
Takashi Ikeda, Tetsuya Jinno, Junya Aizawa, Tadashi Masuda, Kazuo Hirakawa, Kazunari Ninomiya, Kouji Suzuki, Sadao Morita
[Purpose] The importance and effect of hip joint geometry on hip abductor muscle strength are well known. In addition, other perioperative factors are also known to affect hip abductor muscle strength. This study examined the relative importance of factors affecting hip abductor muscle strength after total hip arthroplasty. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 97 females with osteoarthritis scheduled for primary unilateral THA. The following variables were assessed preoperatively and 2 and 6 months after surgery: isometric hip abductor strength, radiographic analysis (Crowe class, postoperative femoral offset (FO)), Frenchay Activities Index, compliance rate with home exercise, Japanese Orthopaedic Association Hip-Disease Evaluation Questionnaire (JHEQ), and demographic data...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265160/effects-of-radiofrequency-electroacupuncture-and-low-level-laser-therapy-on-the-wrinkles-and-moisture-content-of-the-forehead-eyes-and-cheek
#17
Hee-Kyoung Kim, Jung-Hyun Choi
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of radiofrequency (RF), electroacupuncture (EA), and low-level laser therapy (LLLT), which are used in physical therapies, on facial wrinkles and moisture. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 30 female participants aged 30-55 years participated in this study and the results will be used as a reference for further development of skin physical therapy. Thirty adult females were assigned to an LLLT (n=10), EA (n=10), or RF group (n=10). The intervention was performed in two 15-minute sessions per week for six weeks...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265159/achilles-tendon-injury-in-kendo-players-in-junior-and-senior-high-schools-with-a-focus-on-foot-function
#18
Shinya Kisi, Munehito Yoshida
[Purpose] We investigated Achilles tendon injury in Kendo players in junior and senior high schools to obtain a possible indicator for preventing an outbreak of Achilles tendon injury and tendonitis, possible risk factors concerning foot function and morphology were extracted. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 60 Kendo players aged 14-18 years from Wakayama Prefecture, Japan (33 boys and 27 girls). A questionnaire survey was conducted on the past history, current status, time of occurrence about Achilles tendon pain or rupture, and site of Achilles tendon pain or rupture...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265158/effects-of-manipulation-of-the-thorax-and-intensity-of-the-pressure-biofeedback-unit-on-the-superficial-cervical-flexors-muscle-during-craniocervical-flexion-exercise
#19
Jin Mo Yang, Hyun-Gyu Cha, Myoung-Kwon Kim
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of manipulation of the thorax and the intensity of the pressure biofeedback unit on the superficial cervical flexors muscle during craniocervical flexion exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty three subjects participated in the experiment. Thirty three healthy people without any orthopedic history were also selected. The subjects could monitor the pressure applied to cervical vertebra 3 of the craniocervical junction by markings on the pressure biofeedback unit. Craniocervical flexion exercise was performed for 20 seconds per pressure, and two minutes of rest was allowed after exercise to reduce muscle fatigue...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265157/effects-of-the-application-of-ankle-functional-rehabilitation-exercise-on-the-ankle-joint-functional-movement-screen-and-isokinetic-muscular-function-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-sprain
#20
Sung-Bum Ju, Gi Duck Park
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effects of ankle functional rehabilitation exercise on ankle joint functional movement screen results and isokinetic muscular function in patients with chronic ankle sprain patients. [Subjects and Methods] In this study, 16 patients with chronic ankle sprain were randomized to an ankle functional rehabilitation exercise group (n=8) and a control group (n=8). The ankle functional rehabilitation exercise centered on a proprioceptive sense exercise program, which was applied 12 times for 2 weeks...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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