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Journal of Physical Therapy Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133972/the-relationship-between-the-physical-cost-index-and-knee-extensor-strength-in-children-with-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy
#1
Kenji Takaki, Yasuaki Kusumoto
[Purpose] Lower extremity strength is a contributing factor to energy efficiency of gait. However, this contribution has not previously been evaluated in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between energy consumption, measured by the physical cost index (PCI), and strength of lower extremity, measured by the maximum knee extensor strength (MKES), in children with hemiplegic CP. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 10 children (4 males and 6 females; age, 7-17 years) with hemiplegic CP, but no history of orthopedic intervention or botulinum toxin treatment over the 1 year prior to the assessment...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932017/effects-of-combined-chest-expansion-and-breathing-exercises-in-a-patient-with-sternal-pain
#2
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] To investigate the effects of combined chest expansion and breathing exercises in a patient with sternal pain. [Subject and Methods] The study subject was a 36-year-old female employed as a babysitter who complained of sternal pain at the T1-4 level. The subject performed the combined chest expansion and breathing exercises. [Results] The thoracic kyphosis angle after combined chest expansion and breathing exercises decreased compared with the initial angle. The sternal pain after these exercises also decreased compared with the initial value...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932016/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-combined-with-blindsight-rehabilitation-for-the-treatment-of-homonymous-hemianopia-a-report-of-two-cases
#3
Barbara Maria Matteo, Barbara Viganò, Cesare Giuseppe Cerri, Roberto Meroni, Cesare Maria Cornaggia, Cecilia Perin
[Purpose] Homonymous hemianopia is one of the most common symptoms following neurologic damage leading to impairments of functional abilities and activities of daily living. There are two main types of restorative rehabilitation in hemianopia: "border training" which involves exercising vision at the edge of the damaged visual field, and "blindsight training," which is based on exercising the unconscious perceptual functions deep inside the blind hemifield. Only border effects have been shown to be facilitated by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932015/effectiveness-of-resistance-exercise-using-elastic-bands-on-flexibility-and-balance-among-the-elderly-people-living-in-the-community-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Young Ran Yeun
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of resistance exercise using elastic bands on flexibility and balance among the elderly people living in the community. [Subjects and Methods] Database search was conducted by using PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, RISS, NDSL, NANET, DBpia, and KoreaMed. The meta-analysis, which was based on 19 studies, covered a total of 649 participants and used either the fixed effects or random effects model. [Results] The effect size estimates showed that resistance exercise using elastic bands have significantly increased the functional reach test score (Standard Mean Difference: 1...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932014/the-effectiveness-of-physiotherapy-interventions-for-sacroiliac-joint-dysfunction-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Moayad Al-Subahi, Mohamed Alayat, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri, Omar Helal, Hammad Alhasan, Ahmed Alalawi, Abdullah Takrouni, Ali Alfaqeh
[Purpose] The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions in the treatment of sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD). [Subjects and Methods] MEDLINE, PUBMED, CINAHL, AMED, PEDro, and CIRRIE databases were searched and only relevant data from studies that matched the inclusion criteria were included. CASP tools for critical appraisal were used to assess the quality of studies included. [Results] Nine articles met the inclusion criteria, of which, three examined the effect of exercise on SIJD, three used kinesio tape and four studies examined the effect of manipulation...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932013/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-therapy-on-perception-thresholds-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-peripheral-neuropathy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Kyeongjin Lee
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of whole-body vibration training on perception thresholds in type 2 diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty-nine patients with diabetic neuropathy participated in the study. They were randomly divided into the experimental group (n=29) and the control group (n=30). The experimental group performed whole-body vibration training, whereas the control group performed only lower body training in the same posture without using whole-body vibrator for 6 weeks...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932012/the-effects-of-abdominal-interferential-current-therapy-on-waist-circumference-and-visceral-fat-distance-in-obese-women
#7
Young-Han Park, Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of interferential current therapy on the waist circumference and visceral fat length in obese women. [Subjects and Methods] In this study, we selected 30 patients whose body mass index was over 25 kg/m(2). The subjects were randomly assigned to receive interferential current therapy three times a week for four weeks (n=15) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation three times a week for four weeks (n=15). Waist circumference was measured in cm using a tape measure with the participant in an upright posture, and the length of visceral fat was measured using a high-resolution, B-mode ultrasound machine...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932011/efficacy-of-high-intensity-laser-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-male-with-osteopenia-or-osteoporosis-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
Mohamed Salaheldien Mohamed Alayat, Ehab Mohamed Abdel-Kafy, Ahmed Mohamed Elsoudany, Omar Farouk Helal, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri
[Purpose] To investigate the effect of high intensity laser therapy, alone or combined with exercise on pain, health related quality of life and fall risk in male with osteopenia or osteoporosis. [Subjects and Methods] 100 male patients with osteopenia or osteoporosis participated in the study. They had T-scores ≤-1.5. Patients were randomly assigned into four groups and treated with laser plus exercise, placebo laser plus exercise, laser alone and placebo laser in groups I, II, III, and IV respectively. Laser was applied to the lower back and hip regions...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932010/perception-of-leaning-backward-while-standing-and-patellar-movement
#9
Hitoshi Asai, Kazuya Hirayama, Yuji Azuma, Pleiades Tiharu Inaoka
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the patellar movement and the standing backward leaning perceptibility. [Subjects and Methods] Fourteen volunteers who were confirmed presence of upward patellar movement during backward leaning from the quiet standing posture participated in this study. The quiet standing position, the standing backward leaning position at patellar movement onset and standing position perceptibility were measured. The position of the center of pressure in the anteroposterior direction in standing is represented as the percentage distance from the hindmost point of the heel in relation to the foot length (%FL)...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932009/relation-between-respiratory-function-and-arterial-stiffness-assessed-using-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-in-healthy-workers
#10
Atsushi Inomoto, Rika Fukuda, Junko Deguchi, Toshihiro Toyonaga
[Purpose] Current studies report that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may also have arteriosclerosis. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between respiratory function and arterial stiffness in healthy workers using the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). [Subjects and Methods] This study included 104 male Japanese workers without COPD. We collected participant information and measured hemodynamics, body composition, and respiratory function. [Results] In the correlation analysis, baPWV showed a significant positive correlation with age, smoking index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate, and a significant negative correlation with height, fat free mass, lower limb muscle mass, forced vital capacity (FVC), and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932008/h-reflex-changes-in-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Mohamed Salaheldien Mohamed Alayat, Ehab Mohamed Abdel-Kafy, Ashraf Mohamed Abdelaal
[Purpose] To detect H-reflex asymmetry and investigate the effect of direction sensitive exercise therapy protocol among patients with thoracolumbar and/or lumbar scoliosis. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty patients (10-17 years), Cobb's angle 10-20 degrees with thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliosis participated in the study. Soleus H-reflex was tested on both sides during prone lying position and standing position. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups. Group I received direction sensitive exercise therapy while the participants in group II received traditional exercise...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932007/the-effect-of-shoe-type-on-static-and-dynamic-balance-during-treadmill-walking-in-young-healthy-women
#12
Mi-Kyoung Kim, Byung-Sun Kong, Kyung-Tae Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of various shoes on the static and dynamic balance of young women in their 20s. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of the study were 15 healthy young women and repeated measured design. The subjects walked on the treadmill at a speed of 4 km/h for 30 minutes wearing three types of shoes: sneaker, rain boots, and combat boots. Balance was measured by a Romberg test and a limits of stability test. One-way ANOVA was used for statistical analysis...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932006/a-newly-developed-floor-chair-placed-on-an-office-chair-reduces-lumbar-muscle-fatigue-by-cyclically-changing-its-lumbar-supporting-shape
#13
Tadamitsu Matsuda, Takayuki Koyama, Yasushi Kurihara, Miki Tagami, Yasuaki Kusumoto, Osamu Nitta
[Purpose] This study investigated lumbar muscle fatigue before and after maintaining a seated position for one hour, lumbar and pelvic inclination angle change, in subjects with and without active lumber support. [Subjects and Methods] Fourteen healthy subjects randomized into two groups sat on a floor chair, placed on an office chair, that cyclically changed its lumbar supporting shape to provide active lumbar support (ALS) or no ALS for one hour. Before and after, we measured the frequency of muscle waveforms of the trunk extensor muscles when the subjects lifted an object weighing 10% of their body weight, using both hands while seated...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932005/association-between-hand-muscle-thickness-and-whole-body-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-healthy-adults-a-pilot-study
#14
Akio Morimoto, Tadashi Suga, Nobuaki Tottori, Michio Wachi, Jun Misaki, Ryo Tsuchikane, Tadao Isaka
[Purpose] Handgrip strength is a surrogate indicator for assessing disease-related and age-related skeletal muscle loss. Clinical utility as such a surrogate can be at least partially explained by the close relationship between handgrip strength and whole-body skeletal muscle mass. The handgrip strength is related to hand muscle size. Thus, the present study examined whether hand muscle thickness is associated with whole-body skeletal muscle mass. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty healthy male adults participated in this study...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932004/effects-of-pulsed-therapeutic-ultrasound-on-the-treatment-of-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#15
Eliana-Isabel Rodríguez-Grande, Jose-Luis Osma-Rueda, Yannely Serrano-Villar, Carolina Ramírez
[Purpose] The aim was to evaluate the effect of therapeutic ultrasound on the pain, joint mobility, muscle strength, physical function, and quality of life of people with knee OA. [Subjects and Methods] One-site, one-arm, before-after study that included people with Grade II or III tibiofemoral osteoarthritis. Ten therapeutic ultrasound sessions (duty cycle=20%, ERA=10 cm(2), BNR=6:1, SATP=2.2 W/cm(2), SATA=0.44 W/cm(2), frequency=1 MHz, time=4 minutes) were applied. Assessments of primary outcome variables: pain intensity and function, and secondary variables: joint mobility, muscle strength and quality of life, were performed at onset and end of therapy; an additional intermediate evaluation was included for the primary variables...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932003/quantitative-assessment-of-locomotive-syndrome-by-the-loco-check-questionnaire-in-older-japanese-females
#16
Sachiko Noge, Tatsuo Ohishi, Takuya Yoshida, Hiromichi Kumagai
[Purpose] Locomotive syndrome (LS) is a condition by which older people may require care service because of problems with locomotive organs. This study examined whether the loco-check, a 7-item questionnaire, is useful for quantitatively assessing the severity of LS. [Subjects and Methods] Seventy-one community dwelling Japanese females aged 64-96 years (81.7 ± 8.0 years) participated in this study. The associations of the loco-check with thigh muscle mass measured by X-ray CT, physical performance, nutritional status, and quality of life (QOL) were investigated...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932002/the-investigation-of-the-effectiveness-on-the-educational-procedure-development-for-physical-therapist-assistant-in-quang-tri-province-of-vietnam
#17
JinWon Noh, Min Hee Kim, Ki-Bong Yoo, Eun Joo Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness on the educational procedure development for physical therapist assistant in Quang Tri province of Vietnam. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects consisted of 10 lecturers for the education of physical therapist assistant in Quang Tri medical college. To compare with satisfaction and educational effectiveness according to the participation of educational procedure, the lecturers conducted the survey research. [Results] In the descriptive values of participant satisfaction in educational procedure, most of the scored were higher than 4...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932001/the-effects-of-vibratory-stimulation-employed-to-forearm-and-arm-flexor-muscles-on-upper-limb-function-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#18
Sang-Mi Jung
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate not only the effects of stimulatory vibration but also the retained effects 2 weeks after the last session of the intervention. [Subjects and Methods] Ten subjects with post-stroke hemiplegia were recruited in this study. The experimental group (EG) received vibratory stimulation for 30 minutes in each session, three times a week for 2 weeks. Grip strength (GS), box-and-block test (BBT), and Weinstein monofilament were used to assess hand strength, dexterity, and sensory in the affected hand, respectively...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932000/the-influences-of-the-mental-practice-on-the-quality-of-life-of-the-stroke-patients
#19
JuHyung Park
[Purpose] The purpose of this research is to take a look at the influences of the mental practice on the quality of life of stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Through a randomization of 32 stroke patients, this research allocated the experimental group (n=15) and the control group (n=17). Regarding the experimental group, the imagination practice intervention and the ordinary rehabilitation therapy had been applied 1 time a day and 5 times a week for 4 weeks. Regarding the control group, the ordinary rehabilitation therapy had been provided during the same session as that of the experimental group...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931999/the-impact-of-closed-versus-open-kinetic-chain-exercises-on-osteoporotic-femur-neck-and-risk-of-fall-in-postmenopausal-women
#20
Ali Abd El-Monsif Thabet, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri, Omar Farouk Helal, Bassem Refaat
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate how closed and open kinetic chain exercises differed in their impact on bone mineral density (BMD) and fall risk in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. [Subjects and Methods] The research sample consisted of 40 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis with ages between 51 and 58 years old. They were divided at random into two groups of 20 each, respectively receiving closed and open kinetic chain exercises. These exercises were administered three times per week over a period of four sequential months...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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