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Journal of Physical Therapy Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210068/use-of-an-arm-weight-bearing-combined-with-upper-limb-reaching-apparatus-to-facilitate-motor-paralysis-recovery-in-an-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-patient-a-single-case-report
#1
Takashi Hoei, Kazumi Kawahira, Hidefumi Fukuda, Keizo Sihgenobu, Megumi Shimodozono, Tadashi Ogura
[Purpose] Training using an arm weight-bearing device combined with upper-limb reaching apparatus to facilitate motor paralysis recovery, named the "Reaching Robot", as well as Repetitive Facilitation Exercise were applied to a patient with severe impairment of the shoulder and elbow due to incomplete spinal cord injury and the effects were examined. [Subjects and Methods] A 66-year-old man with incomplete spinal cord injury participated in an upper extremity rehabilitation program involving a Reaching Robot...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210067/the-effects-of-tai-chi-on-waist-circumference-and-blood-pressure-in-the-elderly
#2
Young Mee Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Tai Chi on waist circumference and blood pressure in the elderly. The present study used a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty-eight elderly individuals residing in J city were divided into 2 groups: 34 in the experimental group, who received Tai Chi training for 6 weeks, and 34 in the control group, who did not receive Tai Chi training. Simplified Yang style 24-form Tai Chi was used as the intervention, which was conducted for 60 minutes per session, 5 sessions per week, for a total of 6 weeks...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210066/effects-of-interactive-metronome-training-on-postural-stability-and-upper-extremity-function-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-case-study
#3
Arim Kim, Hye-Sun Lee, Chiang-Soon Song
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of interactive metronome training on the postural stability and upper extremity function of an individual with Parkinson's disease. [Subject and Methods] The participant of this case study was a 75-year-old female with Parkinson's disease diagnosed 7 years prior. This study was a single-subject research with an A-B-A design. She received IM training during the treatment phase (B phase) for 40 minutes per session. She was assessed pretest and posttest using the Berg balance scale and Wolf motor function test, and at baseline and the treatment phase using the measured box-and-block test and a Tetrax system...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210065/the-effects-of-therapeutic-exercise-using-pnf-on-the-size-of-calcium-deposits-pain-self-awareness-and-shoulder-joint-function-in-a-calcific-tendinitis-patient-a-case-study
#4
Dong-Gun Oh, Kyung-Tae Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this case study was to identify the effects of independent and intensive therapeutic exercise using Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on the size of calcium deposits, pain self-awareness, and shoulder joint function in a patient with calcific tendonitis. [Subject and Methods] The subject was a 42-year-old female patient with calcific tendonitis and acute pain who had difficulty with active movement and problems with general function. The independent and intensive Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercise was applied for 40 min twice a day five times a week for two weeks for a total of 20 times...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210064/toe-functions-have-little-effect-on-dynamic-balance-ability-in-elderly-people
#5
Yoshinobu Yoshimoto, Yukitsuna Oyama, Mamoru Tanaka, Asuka Sakamoto
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the toe function of elderly people and the association with the dynamic balance ability for the developing effective fall-prevention measures. [Subjects and Methods] Seventy-eight participants in a community health service were included in this cross-sectional study. The Timed Up and Go Test and Four Square Step Test were used to test dynamic balance ability. The toe functions related to dynamic balance ability were toe flexion strength, presence or absence of restricted range of motion of the hallux, presence or absence of hallux pain, and hallux valgus angle...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210063/effects-of-increased-physical-activity-on-body-composition-physical-functions-vascular-functions-hr-qol-and-self-efficacy-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people
#6
Tomoyuki Morisawa, Akira Tamaki, Kotatsu Nagai, Rui Tsukagoshi, Sonoko Nozaki, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Akiko Mori, Mitsumasa Kaya, Hiroyuki Fujioka
[Purpose] The objective of this study was to clarify the effects of increased number of steps on body composition, physical functions, vascular functions, health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) and self-efficacy in elderly people. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 47 elderly persons who resided in Port Island in the Chuo Ward of Kobe City in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. After the calculation of the mean preintervention physical activity (PA), the subjects were instructed to increase their PA to a target baseline + 1,300 steps/day...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210062/cognitive-function-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-participating-in-synchronized-swimming-exercise
#7
Etsuko Maeshima, Yuka Okumura, Juri Tatsumi, Sayaka Tomokane, Akiko Ikeshima
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine cognitive function in middle-aged and older adults regularly engaging in synchronized swimming-exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three female synchronized swimmers ranging in age from 49 to 85 years were recruited for the present study. The duration of synchronized swimming experience ranged from 1 to 39 years. The control group consisted of 36 age- and gender-matched community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults (age range: 49 to 77 years)...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210061/therapeutic-effects-of-massage-and-electrotherapy-on-muscle-tone-stiffness-and-muscle-contraction-following-gastrocnemius-muscle-fatigue
#8
Joong-San Wang
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the effects of a combined intervention consisting of massage therapy and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on gastrocnemius muscle fatigue, assessing whether the intervention improved muscle tone, stiffness, and muscle contraction. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 20 healthy males in their 20s who were equally divided into a transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation group and a combined therapy group that received a combination of massage therapy and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210060/effectiveness-of-new-sedation-and-rehabilitation-methods-for-critically-ill-patients-receiving-mechanical-ventilation
#9
Kouji Yamashita, Akiyoshi Takami, Saichi Wakayama, Misato Makino, Yoshihiro Takeyama
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of new sedation management methods and cooperation between nurses and physical therapists on the duration of mechanical ventilation and hospitalization. [Subjects and Methods] Patients who had been treated at the study hospital 2 years before and after the implementation of the new methods were analyzed retrospectively and classified into a "control group" and an "intervention group", respectively. Both groups were analyzed and subsequently compared regarding the effects of the new sedation and cooperative rehabilitation...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210059/the-validity-of-an-accelerometer-based-method-for-estimating-fluidity-in-the-sit-to-walk-task-in-a-community-setting
#10
Tomoyuki Asakura, Yoshiyuki Miyazawa, Shigeru Usuda
[Purpose] Fluidity in the sit-to-walk task has been quantitatively measured with three-dimensional motion analysis system. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of an accelerometer-based method for estimating fluidity in community-dwelling elderly individuals. [Subjects and Methods] Seventeen community-dwelling elderly females performed a sit-to-walk task. The motion was recorded by an accelerometer, a three-dimensional motion analysis system and a foot pressure sensor simultaneously. The timings of events determined from the acceleration waveform were compared to the timings determined from the three-dimensional motion analysis data (task onset, maximum trunk inclination) or foot pressure sensor data (first heel strike)...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210058/comparing-the-interface-pressure-redistribution-after-applying-three-different-types-of-cushions-differences-according-to-cushion-type
#11
Ji-Su Park, Sang-Heon Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the interface pressure redistribution when sitting after applying three different types of cushions and on a firm surface in individuals in their 20s and those older than 60 years old. [Subjects and Methods] Healthy 100 elderly (60 years and older) subjects and 111 college students participated in this study. Interface pressure redistribution while sitting on a firm surface or honeycomb, air, and memory foam cushions, examined in that order. [Results] For all groups, significant differences were found in the total pressure mean among sitting states...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210057/a-comparison-of-the-balance-and-gait-function-between-children-with-down-syndrome-and-typically-developing-children
#12
Hee-Kyoung Jung, EunJung Chung, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the balance and gait functions of children with Down syndrome and typically developing children according to age. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 16 children with Down syndrome and 20 children with typical development. The one leg standing test, Romberg's test (open eyes/closed eyes), sharpened Romberg's (open eyes/closed eyes), functional reaching test and GAITRite were used for this study in order to measure the children's balance and gait function...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210056/the-effects-of-pre-exercise-vibration-stimulation-on-the-exercise-induced-muscle-damage
#13
Ji-Yun Kim, Da-Haeng Kang, Joon-Hee Lee, Se-Min O, Jae-Keun Jeon
[Purpose] To investigate the effects of pre-induced muscle damage vibration stimulation on the pressure-pain threshold and muscle-fatigue-related metabolites of exercise-induced muscle damage. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty healthy, adult male subjects were randomly assigned to the pre-induced muscle damage vibration stimulation group, post-induced muscle damage vibration stimulation group, or control group (n=10 per group). To investigate the effects of pre-induced muscle damage vibration stimulation, changes in the pressure-pain threshold (lb), creatine kinase level (U/L), and lactate dehydrogenase level (U/L) were measured and analyzed at baseline and at 24 hours, 48 hours, and 72 hours after exercise...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210055/effects-of-simplified-lymph-drainage-on-the-body-in-females-with-menopausal-disorder
#14
Kazuhisa Inoue, Hiroshi Maruoka
[Purpose] Hormone replacement therapy has been reported to be effective for alleviating menopausal symptoms, its side effects have been a concern. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate methods that could alleviate menopausal symptoms but with fewer side effects. Few previous reports have investigated the effects of simplified, viable manual lymph drainage, particularly the effects of one-time therapy on physiologically active substances and other variables. Effects of one-time simplified lymph drainage performed at salon A were investigated in females with any type of menopausal symptoms, such as edema or a sense of fatigue...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210054/sagittal-plane-spinal-mobility-is-associated-with-dynamic-balance-ability-of-community-dwelling-elderly-people
#15
Yahiko Takeuchi
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to clarify the correlation between the range of spinal mobility on the sagittal plane and the dynamic balance ability of elderly people living in communities. [Subjects and Methods] The persons studied were 31 healthy elderly people living in the community (16 females and 15 males). The range of mobility of the participants' spines in the sagittal plane was measured by using a spinal mouse(®). Balance ability was evaluated by using Functional reach (FR), Timed up and go (TUG), and Maximum walking speed (MWS)...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210053/kinematic-head-and-trunk-strategies-used-by-hemiplegic-stroke-patients-crossing-over-obstacles-of-different-heights
#16
Jin-Tae Han, Jung-Hoon Lee, Dennis W Fell
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare kinematic data regarding the head, trunk, and pelvis strategies used by individuals with hemiplegia when crossing over obstacles of different heights. [Subjects and Methods] Nine adults with hemiplegia from stroke (7 males and 2 females) participated in this study. A motion analysis system with six infrared cameras was used to measure the kinematic data of the head, trunk, and pelvis while the subjects crossed over obstacles of different heights. Repeated measures ANOVA analysis was performed to compare the resulting kinematic data...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210052/effects-of-spiral-taping-on-proprioception-in-subjects-with-unilateral-functional-ankle-instability
#17
Young-Sook Bae
[Purpose] The Purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of spiral taping on proprioception in functional ankle instability. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-five participants in this study had discomfort in only one ankle and Cumberland ankle instability score of ≤23. ST was applied to the unstable ankle, and proprioception was measured baseline and 30 min later. Proprioception was measured using the active joint angle reproduction test. [Results] Plantar flexions of 10° (ES, 0.303) and 20° (ES, 1...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210051/effects-of-two-handed-task-training-on-upper-limb-function-of-chronic-hemiplegic-patients-after-stroke
#18
Byung Il Yang, Bo Kyoung Song, Sang Mi Joung
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine whether two-handed task training is effective on motor learning of injured cerebral cortex activation and upper extremity function recovery after stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Two hemiplegic subjects participated in this study: one patient was affected on the dominant side of the body and the other was affected on the non-dominant side of the body, and both scored in the range of 58-66 in the Fugl-Meyer assessment. The excitability of the corticospinal tract and Manual Function Test were examined...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210050/a-study-of-the-relationships-of-changes-in-pain-and-gait-after-tourniquet-induced-ischemia-reperfusion-in-rats
#19
Kazuki Aihara, Takeya Ono, Namiko Umei, Wakako Tsumiyama, Atsushi Tasaka, Hideki Ishikura, Yuta Sato, Tomohiro Matsumoto, Sadaaki Oki
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships of changes in pain and gait after ischemia reperfusion was induced by tourniquet in rats. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were six ten-week-old male Wistar rats. Ischemia was induced in the left lower limbs of the experimental rats at a pressure of 300 mmHg for 90 minutes. Pain behavior evaluations were measured using the von Frey test in all the rats' hind limbs. A consistently increasing plantar stimulus was applied until the rats exhibited an escape behavior...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210049/the-immediate-effect-of-neuromuscular-joint-facilitation-on-the-rotation-of-the-tibia-during-walking
#20
Desheng Li, Qiuchen Huang, Ming Huo, Yukinobu Hiiragi, Hitoshi Maruyama
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the change in tibial rotation during walking among young adults after neuromuscular joint facilitation therapy. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were twelve healthy young people (6 males, 6 females). A neuromuscular joint facilitation intervention and nonintervention were performed. The interventions were performed one after the other, separated by a 1-week interval. The order of the interventions was completely randomized. The rotation of the tibia during walking was evaluated before and after treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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