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Journal of Physical Therapy Science

Mohamed Salaheldien Alayat, Ahmed Mohamed El-Sodany, Anwar Abdelgayed Ebid, Tamer Mohamed Shousha, Abdelgalil Allam Abdelgalil, Hammad Alhasan, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri
[Purpose] The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy of high intensity laser therapy (HILT) on wound surface area in patients with foot ulcers. [Methods] Four databases including PubMed, MEDLINE, the Cochrane library, and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) were searched up to the end of April 2018 to identify relevant studies. Studies were included if they met the following criteria: randomised controlled trial (RCT), assessed the efficacy of HILT in patients with foot ulcers, evaluated wound surface area, and written in English language with available full text...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Marilia Barbosa Santos Garcia, João Santos Pereira
[Purpose] This study aims to gather scientific evidence to identify whether clinical trials on Electrostimulation of the Posterior Tibial Nerve (ESPTN) in individuals with overactive bladder present an adequate methodological standard according to the PEDro (Physiotherapy Evidence Database) criteria. [Methods] Integral literature review, including randomized controlled clinical trials found in PEDro. [Results] We found 16 articles, of which only one did not meet the inclusion criteria. This article has shown that ESPTN is a conservative tool of physiotherapy that is less invasive than other therapies, is well tolerated by patients and has been shown to be effective in the treatment of overactive bladder...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
In-Cheol Jeon
[Purpose] This study investigated the effect of psoas major pre-activation on the electromyographic (EMG) activity of the abdominal muscles and pelvic rotation during active leg raising (ALR). [Participants and Methods] Twenty healthy participants were enrolled. ALR was performed in a conventional manor or with contralateral psoas major (cPM) pre-activation. The EMG activity of the abdominal muscles, including the rectus abdominalis (RA), external oblique (EO), and internal oblique (IO), was measured, as was pelvic rotation...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
In-Cheol Jeon
[Purpose] This study investigated the relationship between the amount of scapular anterior tilting and the ratio of internal and external rotation of the shoulder in a supine position. [Participants and Methods] Twenty healthy participants (8 females, 12 males) were enrolled in this study. Internal rotation (IR) and external rotation (ER) of the glenohumeral joint were performed in a supine position, and the IR and ER angles were measured using a universal goniometer. The changing distance of scapular anterior tilting was measured by a three-dimensional motion analysis tracking system while participants performed IR and ER in a supine position...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Takahiro Otsudo, Kazuya Mimura, Kiyokazu Akasaka
[Purpose] To demonstrate immediate alteration in lumbar lordosis and the lumbar angle in each segment after the application of the mechanical pressure technique to the psoas major muscle (PM). [Participants and Methods] In all, 34 participants were assigned to either the PM pressure technique group (n=17) or control group (n=17). Three dimensional (3D) coordinates of the 12th thoracic spinous process and lumbar spinous processes were measured with a 3D digitizer in the prone position with 15° bilateral hip extension to compare the changes in lumbar lordosis and the lumbar extension angle in each segment in both the PM pressure technique group and control group...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Naoto Takayanagi, Katsuro Kitamura, Takeshi Yamauchi, Ichiro Tokimitsu
[Purpose] A trial was conducted to examine the effects of promoting daily physical activity, tailored to specific living situations, on physical and mental health indicators in older adults. [Participants and Methods] Participants in the 'Intervention' group (N=21) wore accelerometers during the 12-week trial period, and for one week during preliminary and follow-up surveys. Based on their physical activity levels as measured by accelerometers, participants were given instructions to increase their daily physical activity...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Atsushi Hiraga, Takeshi Yamaoka, Yukari Sakai, Yoshihiro Osakabe, Aki Suzuki, Noboru Hirose
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a stroke-related scale with regard to outcome, onset, and timing of stroke patients. [Participants and Methods] The participants included 583 out of 996 patients who were admitted to the stroke care unit.The outcomes and 3 stroke scale (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale: NIHSS, Functional Independence Measure: FIM, modified Rankin Scale: mRS) scores immediately at hospitalization, on day 7 after onset, and on day 30 after onset were investigated...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Akira Ochi, Masahisa Fukumoto, Ryosuke Takami, Hiroshi Ohko, Takahiro Hayashi, Kazumasa Yamada
[Purpose] This study aimed to ascertain whether ankle stretching combined with arm cycling compared with that without arm cycling results in greater improvement in maximum dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM), calf muscle stiffness, and gait velocity in the affected limb of patients with stroke. [Participants and Methods] Random ABAB reversal design was used in this study involving nine patients with stroke. Participants performed 10 min of ankle plantar flexor stretching through weight bearing using the tilt table under the following 2 conditions: with or without arm cycling at 60 revolutions per minute...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Yasuaki Kusumoto, Tadamitsu Matsuda, Kanako Fujii, Kiyotaka Miyamoto, Kenji Takaki, Osamu Nitta
[Purpose] Hip dislocation and subluxation are common in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). Hip abduction orthoses are used to prevent and treat these problems. This study investigated the effects of an underwear-type hip abduction orthosis on sitting balance and sit-to-stand (STS) activity in children with spastic CP. [Participants and Methods] This trial had a cross-over design. Eight children aged 6 to 18 years old with spastic CP and Gross Motor Function Classification level III and IV were randomly allocated to groups with or without use of the underwear-type hip orthosis...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Kimberly A Szucs, Kara Cicuto, Marissa Rakow
[Purpose] People using technology and handheld devices adopt postures of the upper limb and neck that could result in musculoskeletal pathology. Previous research has explored the postures assumed during isolated use of technology devices, such as a smartphone, however a comparison of posture assumed between multiple devices has not been completed. The purpose of this study was to compare the posture of the upper body and limb between handheld devices and technology. [Participants and Methods] Twenty one healthy college students completed this study...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Mehdi Naserpour, Shahin Goharpey, Amal Saki, Zeinab Mohammadi
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the differences in dynamic postural control during forward step down (FSD) task in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). [Participants and Methods] Sixty-eight participants (34 males and 34 females) were divided into the following 2 groups: 34 PFPS patients (17 males and 17 females) and 34 healthy controls (17 males and 17 females). Each participant performed FSD task from a height of 20 cm. A force platform was used to extract the center of pressure parameters during FSD task for calculation of time to stabilization (TTS) in the anterior-posterior (A/P) and medial-lateral (M/L) direction...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Hironari Yazawa, Toshirou Okagawa, Kaoru Toda, Yuji Nishizawa
[Purpose] This study investigated the efficacy of our independently developed method for measuring shoulder joint position sense using oral instructions based on body schema ("schema method") and investigated age-related changes. [Participants and Methods] Forty university students, 19 elderly individuals, and 16 elementary school students were included. Active shoulder abduction was measured in an upright sitting position. Target angles for position sense measurement were 45° of abduction (Target 45) and 90° of abduction (Target 90)...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Anna Cronström
[Purpose] To investigate the association between proprioception and a knee medial to foot position during weight-bearing activities in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and anterior cruciate ligament deficiency. [Participants and Methods] Thirty-eight patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and 13 patients with anterior cruciate ligament deficiency aged 18-40 years were included. Proprioception was assessed by knee kinesthesia measured by the threshold to detection of passive motion...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Polykarpos Angelos Nomikos, Nicola Spence, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine whether physiotherapists (PT) scores are consistent over time when using Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) to assess upper limb (UL) function on a videotaped chronic stroke patient. [Participants and Methods] Quantitative correlational study. A convenience-snowball sample of 20 international PT (mean age and experience=32 ± 6.8 and 7.55 ± 7.4 years) used ARAT to score chronic stroke patient's UL function, observing a video at baseline and again ≈ 2 weeks later...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
KyoChul Seo, MiSuk Cho
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate pulmonary function before and after the performance of a balloon-blowing exercise in a 90/90 bridge position using a ball among female university students in their twenties. [Participants and Methods] Participants were randomly assigned to the control group, which performed the bridge position using hip and knee flexion on a ball with a diaphragm respiratory exercise, or the experimental group, which performed a 90/90 bridge using a ball with a balloon exercise...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Norihide Itoh, Daisuke Imoto, Shuichi Kubo, Masaki Yamaguchi, Naoto Shimizu, Shogo Toyama, Yasuo Mikami, Toshikazu Kubo
[Purpose] The balance exercise assist robot is a training device based on a personal transport assistance robot ridden in the standing position. The personal transport assistance robot uses an inverted pendulum control system and moves in response to movements of the user's center of gravity. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of postural control during the action of stopping the personal transport assistance robot. [Participants and Methods] Eleven healthy male participants were required to maintain a standing position for 30 s; each task was performed 10 times...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Naoyuki Hashimoto, Masami Yokogawa, Haruyuki Kojima, Shoji Tanaka, Takao Nakagawa
[Purpose] To examine the influence of different exercise intensities on cortical activity. [Participants and Methods] Twenty-six healthy adults aged 20-30 years performed exercise at three intensities on a bicycle ergometer as follows: (a) 15-minute exercise at 40% peak oxygen uptake, (b) same as (a) but at 60% peak oxygen uptake, and (c) 15 minutes of rest. The cognitive function of the participants was measured before and after exercise by the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT) under these three conditions...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Yasuhiko Tsujimura, Tetsuo Hiramatsu, Eiji Kojima, Kazuyuki Tabira
[Purpose] Physical activity influences the prognosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and is influenced by exercise tolerance, and environmental, psychological, and many other factors, but the influence of these factors on physical activity levels in each stage of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is unknown. This study aimed to clarify this matter. [Participants and Methods] Seventy-one male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (aged 72.2 ± 4.5 years) participated in this study...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Tomohiro Ota, Hiroyuki Hashidate, Natsuki Shimizu, Akihiko Saito
[Purpose] This study aimed to identify the preferential factor of activities of daily living disabilities for selecting between knee-ankle-foot orthosis and ankle-foot orthosis prescription in the early stage after admission. [Participants and Methods] This study included 442 inpatients who had a subacute stroke and received either knee-ankle-foot orthosis or ankle-foot orthosis after admission (mean age, 69 years). The functional independence measure was investigated within 1 week after admission. [Results] Inpatients who had a stroke and received knee-ankle-foot orthosis had significantly lower scores for all individual functional independence measure items than those who received ankle-foot orthosis...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Young-Lan Son, Jae-Woon Kim
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the effects of mirror neuron system-based self-observation training on lower limb muscle activity and dynamic balance in patients with chronic stroke. [Participants and Methods] Twenty patients with chronic stroke were randomly assigned to a self-observation training group (n=10) or a control group (n=10). Both groups followed a routine 30-minute exercise therapy regimen five days a week for four weeks. The self-observation training group additionally watched video clips of their balance and functional gait training and performed physical training twice over a 10-minute time span...
October 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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