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Laser Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434432/use-of-1070-nm-fiber-lasers-in-oral-surgery-preliminary-ex-vivo-study-with-fbg-temperature-monitoring
#1
Carlo Fornaini, Elisabetta Merigo, Federica Poli, Chiara Cavatorta, Jean-Paul Rocca, Stefano Selleri, Annamaria Cucinotta
Background and Aims: The aim of this ex vivo study was to demonstrate the performances of 1070 nm fiber lasers for the ablation of oral tissues through the evaluation of the histological modifications made by a blind pathologist and the measurement of the thermal elevation during laser irradiation by a sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating. Materials and Methods: The source used was a pulsed fiber laser emitting at 1070 nm, with 20 W maximum average output power and 100 ns fixed pulse duration...
December 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434431/venous-malformations-management-by-er-cr-ysgg-laser-an-alternative-approach
#2
Vinod Chandel, Babita Jangra, Nishant Khurana, Amit Garg, Devashish
Background and Aim: Venous malformations (VMs) are slow-flow vascular anomalies composed of ectatic venous channels. Its management with Er,Cr:YSGG laser has been proven effective. In the present case a teenage patient reported with a bluish lesion, soft inconsistency on the dorsal aspect of tongue. The lesion was removed with Er, Cr: YSGG laser (2780 nm) with minimal anaesthetic infiltration. Results: Patient reported no postoperative pain. Clinical follow up after three months showed excellent results and uneventful healing...
December 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434430/microshear-bond-strength-of-self-adhesive-composite-to-ceramic-after-mechanical-chemical-and-laser-surface-treatments
#3
Maryam Ghavam, Marjan Soleimanpour, Sedighe Sadat Hashemikamangar, Hooman Ebrahimi, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
Objectives: This study aimed to assess the microshear bond strength of a repairing self-adhesive flowable composite to ceramic after mechanical, chemical and laser treatment of the ceramic surface. Materials and Methods: Forty zirconia and forty feldspathic ceramic blocks measuring 8 x 8 x 2 mm were fabricated. Feldspathic blocks were divided into four groups of control (1), laser (2780 nm) (2), sandblasting + hydrofluoric (HF) acid + silane (3) and laser (2780 nm) + HF acid + silane (4)...
December 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434429/treatment-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-pregnancy-with-polarized-polychromatic-non-coherent-light-bioptron-light-a-preliminary-prospective-open-clinical-trial
#4
Stasinopoulos Dimitrios, Loannis Stasinopoulos
The aim of this trial was to assess the efficacy of polarized polychromatic noncoherent light (Bioptron light) in the treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) in pregnancy. An uncontrolled experimental study was conducted in pregnant patients with CTS who visited our clinic from January 2006 to January 2010. Bioptron light (480-3400 nm; 95% polarization; 40 mW/cm2 ; and 2.4 J/cm2 ) was administered perpendicular to the carpal tunnel area. The irradiation time for each session was 6 min at an operating distance of 5-10 cm from the carpal tunnel area, twice each day, five days per week for 2 weeks...
December 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434428/evaluation-of-endovenous-laser-ablation-for-varicose-veins-using-a-computer-simulation-model-secondary-publication
#5
REVIEW
Hisanao Hazama, Masato Yoshimori, Norihiro Honda, Kunio Awazu
Background and aims: Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) has been well-reported as a minimally invasive method to deal with varices of the lower extremities. The lasers used fall into two categories: pigment, i.e., hemoglobin-specific lasers in the visible and near-infrared (near-IR) wavebands and longer wavelength mid-infrared lasers where the chromophore is water. The fiber used to deliver the laser energy is also important, and not enough attention has been paid to this element of EVLA...
December 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434427/picosecond-laser-treatment-for-tattoos-and-benign-cutaneous-pigmented-lesions-secondary-publication
#6
REVIEW
Kenichiro Kasai
Background and aims: The selective removal of tattoos and benign cutaneous pigmented lesions with laser energy evolved rapidly with the development of the nanosecond-domain Q-switched laser (ns-laser). Recently, however, a series of picosecond-domain lasers (ps-lasers) with pulsewidths less than 1 ns has become commercially available, enabling more efficient and faster removal of pigmented lesions in the field of dermatologic laser surgery. Rationale behind the ps-laser: The efficacy of the ns-laser depended on the theory of selective photothermolysis, whereby an extremely short pulse width was delivered less than the thermal relaxation time (TRT) of a target...
December 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434426/reappraisal-of-percutaneous-transluminal-laser-angioplasty
#7
REVIEW
Shoichi D Takekawa
Background and aims: We devised a technique to treat peripheral arterial disease (PAD) with laser, i.e. percutaneous transluminal laser angioplasty (PTLA). Considerable good results were obtained with PTLA, but it is apparently considered obsolete as a technique to treat occlusive arterial disease of peripheral arteries, perhaps because of the development and improvement of stents and the ease of their use compared to the somewhat intricate technique required for PTLA. Although the author admits the usefulness of stents, they are foreign to a human body...
December 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434425/exit-the-cockerel-enter-the-dog
#8
EDITORIAL
Toshio Ohshiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133971/the-12th-annual-meeting-of-the-japan-society-for-laser-reproduction
#9
Atsumi Yoshida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133970/laser-and-platelet-rich-plasma-to-treat-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-mronj-a-case-report
#10
Carlo Fornaini, Luigi Cella, Aldo Oppici, Anna Parlatore, Fabio Clini, Matteo Fontana, Giuseppe Lagori, Elisabetta Merigo
Aims: The appropriate management of Medication-Related OsteoNecrosis of the Jaw (MRONJ) is still a challenge for dentists and oral surgeons and in these last years high-technology instruments have been proposed at the different steps of interventions, also combined with promoters of tissue repair.The aim of this report is to show the advantages of a combined approach (laser and PRP) for the treatment of MRONJ. Methods: It is described the case of a patient positive for MRONJ observed at the Odontostomatology and Maxillo-Facial Surgery Unit of the Hospital of Piacenza where surgical approach was performed by using different devices: Er:YAG laser (2940 nm) to remove and vaporize necrotic hard tissue until bleeding bone; Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) to stimulate hard and soft tissue healing; diode laser (808 nm) to biostimulate the surgical site...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133969/treatment-of-chronic-lower-extremity-ulcers-with-a-new-er-yag-laser-technology
#11
J M Alcolea, E Hernández, P A Martínez-Carpio, M Vélez, V Khomchenko, A Sola, M A Trelles
Chronic lower extremity ulcers (CLEUs) have a high prevalence and are difficult to treat due to their various aetiologies. The aim of this study is to evaluate the results achieved in treating CLEUs using an Erbium: YAG (Er:YAG) laser with RecoSMA technology. This laser emits thousands of microbeams of energy causing superficial epidermal ablation and a separation of dermal fibres due to a mechanical-acoustic and resonance effect. The evaluation of the results achieved was carried out by questionnaires completed by 18 patients enrolled in the study...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133968/effects-of-laser-therapy-and-grimaldi-s-muscle-shortening-manoeuvre-on-motor-control-of-subjects-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injuries
#12
Diego Longo, Leonardo Longo, Paolo Lippi, Giulio Cherubini, Vanessa Mangé
Background and Objectives: From year 2003 we treated positively 251 patients with Traumatic Spinal Cord Injuries (TSCI), using Non-Surgical Laser Therapy (NSLT). In order to increase muscle strength, we have also started using a physical therapy practice called Grimaldi's Muscle Shortening Manoeuvre (GMSM)The goal of our study is to obtain objective data suggesting the real effectiveness of the association of these two treatments. Study Design and Methods: In 2015, 10 patients with incomplete TSCI were enrolled...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133967/comparison-of-marginal-microleakage-of-flowable-composite-restorations-in-primary-canine-teeth-prepared-with-high-speed-diamond-bur-er-yag-laser-and-er-cr-ysgg-laser
#13
Beheshteh Malekafzali, Mohammad Asnaashari, Fateme Javadi
Background and Objectives: Adhesive restorations have become highly popular in pediatric dentistry, and novel methods of cavity preparation with minimal patient discomfort including Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG laser preparations have greatly advanced. This study aimed to compare the microleakage of composite restorations of class V cavities prepared in primary canine teeth with high-speed bur and Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers. Materials and Methods: This in vitro study was conducted on 30 class V cavities prepared on the buccal surfaces of primary canine teeth in three groups (n = 10) of bur preparation, Er:YAG laser and Er,Cr:YSGG laser...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133966/effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-fracture-healing-in-rabbits
#14
Fahimeh Kamali Sarvestani, Nasrin Salehi Dehno, Seifollah Dehghani Nazhvani, Mohammad Hadi Bagheri, Soheila Abbasi, Yasaman Khademolhosseini, Elham Gorji
Background and aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on radial bone fracture gap healing in a rabbit model. Materials Subjects and Methods: Thirty male white New Zealand rabbits under general anesthesia had a 3mm slice of radial bone surgically removed. Fifteen rabbits were treated by 830 nm laser at 4 J/cm2 and 15 were used as non-treated controls. Callus development was assessed by X-ray and radiographs every 7 days for 3 weeks...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133965/evaluation-of-adjunctive-effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-swelling-and-trismus-after-surgical-removal-of-impacted-lower-third-molar-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Farrokh Farhadi, Hosein Eslami, Alireza Majidi, Vahid Fakhrzadeh, Milad Ghanizadeh, Sahar KhademNeghad
Background and Aim: Wisdom teeth remains impacted in the jaw due to several reasons and surgery of impacted wisdom teeth is one of the most common surgeries in dental clinics. Pain, swelling and trismus are the common complications after this surgery which affect quality of life. In articles, various methods are introduced to control immediate inflammatory-response associated with third-molar surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the adjunctive effect of low-level laser Therapy on pain, swelling and trismus after surgical removal of impacted lower third molar...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133964/in-vitro-evaluation-of-repair-bond-strength-of-composite-effect-of-surface-treatments-with-bur-and-laser-and-application-of-universal-adhesive
#16
Nazanin Kiomarsi, Melika Espahbodi, Nasim Chiniforush, Mohammad Javd Karazifard, Sedighe Sadat Hashemi Kamangar
Objectives: This study aimed to assess the effect of surface treatment by bur and laser and application of universal adhesive on repair bond strength of composite resin. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 composite blocks measuring 6×4×4 mm were fabricated of Filtek Z250 composite. All samples were subjected to 5,000 thermal cycles and divided into two groups for surface preparation by bur and by Er,Cr:YSGG laser (n = 60). The surfaces were then etched with orthophosphoric acid, rinsed with water and divided into three groups (silane, silane plus Single Bond and silane plus Single Bond Universal)...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133963/a-stroll-down-memory-lane
#17
EDITORIAL
Toshio Ohshiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785134/type-2-minocycline-induced-hyperpigmentation-successfully-treated-with-the-novel-755-nm-picosecond-alexandrite-laser-a-case-report
#18
Katsumi Sasaki, Toshio Ohshiro, Takafumi Ohshiro, Reiko Sakio, Emi Fukazawa, Masahiro Toriumi, Tamotsu Ebihara
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Minocycline therapy for acne vulgaris is associated with the occasional induction of various types of unsightly and often persistent hyperpigmentation, which is frequently resistant to hydroquinone treatment. Pigment-specific lasers have achieved some success with multiple treatment sessions. Recently, the picosecond domain 755 nm alexandrite laser (ps-Alex) has attracted attention in tattoo removal. The present study reports on the successful treatment, in a single ps-Alex session, of minocycline-associated pigmentation...
June 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785133/the-combination-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-and-noncontact-apoptosis-inducing-radiofrequency-achieved-significant-waist-circumferential-reduction-a-pilot-study
#19
Hyeyeon Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A paradigm shift towards noninvasive body contouring has occurred over the past few years. Radiofrequency (RF) is one popular treatment method. Noncontact-type RF systems with frequencies in the tens of megahertz represent a novel approach. The current pilot study investigated the efficacy of an interesting combination of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and an apoptosis-inducing RF (AiRF) system for circumferential reduction. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven females, ages ranging from 13-69 years, (mean age 37...
June 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785132/co-2-laser-mediated-apically-positioned-flap-in-areas-lacking-keratinized-gingiva
#20
Toni Zeinoun, Zeina Majzoub, Carlos Khoury, Samir Nammour
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Autogenous gingival grafts are considered the "gold standard" for gingival augmentation, however they require a second surgical site for graft harvesting. Apically positioned flaps (APFs) represent an alternative method in soft tissue augmentation procedures. Limited information is available relative to the effectiveness of laser-mediated APF in augmenting keratinized gingiva (KG). The aim of this paper is to evaluate soft tissues changes following APF using CO2 laser in mandibular incisors with minimal KG and high labial frenum attachment...
June 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
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