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Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579189/identification-of-intervention-categories-for-aquatic-physical-therapy-in-pediatrics-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-children-and-youth-a-global-expert-survey
#1
Javier Güeita-Rodríguez, Francisco García-Muro, Beatriz Cano-Díez, Ángel L Rodríguez-Fernández, Johan Lambeck, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
OBJECTIVE: To identify intervention categories encountered by physical therapists working in aquatic therapy with disabled children, using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth (ICF-CY). METHODS: Aquatic physical therapists were asked to describe concepts related to the functioning of disabled children and their contextual factors. Data were collected in three rounds using the Delphi technique. All answers were translated ('linked') to the ICF-CY and analyzed to determine the degree of consensus...
May 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602744/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-neck-pain-a-population-based-study
#2
Caio Vitor Dos Santos Genebra, Nicoly Machado Maciel, Thiago Paulo Frascareli Bento, Sandra Fiorelli Almeida Penteado Simeão, Alberto De Vitta
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a musculoskeletal condition with high prevalence that may affect the physical, social, and psychological aspects of the individual, contributing to the increase in costs in society and business. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of neck pain and associated factors in a population-based sample of adults aged 20 and more. METHODS: Cross-sectional study based on a population survey. A total number of 600 individuals were interviewed in their homes, and the following data were collected: (1) participant characteristics (demographic, socioeconomic, and work-related aspects) using a pre-coded questionnaire; (2) physical activity level using the IPAQ; and (3) musculoskeletal symptoms using the Nordic questionnaire...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583407/resistance-training-improves-aortic-structure-in-wistar-rats
#3
Romeu R Souza, Elias de França, Diana Madureira, Carla C R Pontes, Jeferson O Santana, Erico C Caperuto
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the effects of resistance training on the aortic wall. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to quantify the effects of a resistance-training program on blood pressure and aortic wall structural components. METHODS: Rats (aged three months) were randomized into sedentary group (control group, CG; n=10) or trained group (TG; n=10). The TG rats performed resistance training by climbing a 1.1-m vertical ladder (80° incline) five times a week for 12 weeks, and the CG remained sedentary...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579190/effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-lllt-and-light-emitting-diodes-ledt-applied-during-combined-training-on-performance-and-post-exercise-recovery-protocol-for-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Aryane Flauzino Machado, Jéssica Kirsch Micheletti, Franciele Marques Vanderlei, Fabio Yuzo Nakamura, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Jayme Netto Junior, Carlos Marcelo Pastre
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown positive results of phototherapy for improving performance and accelerating recovery; however, the effects of phototherapy during training and after a primary adaptation remain unclear. The aim of this randomized controlled trial is to analyze the effects of phototherapy and combined training on clinical, functional, and psychological outcomes and on vascular endothelial growth factor. METHODS: This randomized placebo-controlled trial by stratified sample will involve 45 healthy male participants...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571697/effects-of-monochromatic-infrared-phototherapy-in-patients-with-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
Caroline Cabral Robinson, Patrícia Da Silva Klahr, Cinara Stein, Maicon Falavigna, Graciele Sbruzzi, Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz
BACKGROUND: Monochromatic infrared energy (MIRE) or phototherapy has been used to improve plantar sensitivity and pain in lower limbs of patients with diabetic sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy (DSPN), but the available primary results are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To review systematically the effects of MIRE on plantar sensitivity and neuropathic pain in patients with DSPN. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 2016...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558953/are-heart-rate-dynamics-in-the-transition-from-rest-to-submaximal-exercise-related-to-maximal-cardiorespiratory-responses-in-copd
#6
Adriana Mazzuco, Wladimir Musetti Medeiros, Aline Soares de Souza, Maria Clara Noman Alencar, José Alberto Neder, Audrey Borghi-Silva
BACKGROUND: Poor exercise capacity is an important negative prognostic marker in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Heart rate variability (HRV) responses can indicate alterations in cardiac autonomic control. Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether these abnormalities are related to cardiorespiratory responses to exercise in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether HRV at rest and submaximal exercise are related to impaired cardiopulmonary responses to exercise in COPD patients...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579013/modern-pain-neuroscience-in-clinical-practice-applied-to-post-cancer-paediatric-and-sports-related-pain
#7
REVIEW
Anneleen Malfliet, Laurence Leysen, Roselien Pas, Kevin Kuppens, Jo Nijs, Paul Van Wilgen, Eva Huysmans, Lisa Goudman, Kelly Ickmans
In the last decade, evidence regarding chronic pain has developed exponentially. Numerous studies show that many chronic pain populations show specific neuroplastic changes in the peripheral and central nervous system. These changes are reflected in clinical manifestations, like a generalized hypersensitivity of the somatosensory system. Besides a hypersensitivity of bottom-up nociceptive transmission, there is also evidence for top-down facilitation of pain due to malfunctioning of the endogenous descending nociceptive modulatory systems...
May 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579012/description-of-interventions-is-under-reported-in-physical-therapy-clinical-trials
#8
K Hariohm, S Jeyanthi, J Saravan Kumar, V Prakash
BACKGROUND: Amongst several barriers to the application of quality clinical evidence and clinical guidelines into routine daily practice, poor description of interventions reported in clinical trials has received less attention. Although some studies have investigated the completeness of descriptions of non-pharmacological interventions in randomized trials, studies that exclusively analyzed physical therapy interventions reported in published trials are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the quality of descriptions of interventions in both experimental and control groups in randomized controlled trials published in four core physical therapy journals...
May 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571696/functional-electrical-stimulation-improves-muscle-strength-and-endurance-in-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Jociane Schardong, Gabriela Castro Kuinchtner, Graciele Sbruzzi, Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz, Antônio Marcos Vargas da Silva
BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) has shown benefits in patients with chronic heart failure. Therefore, it is possible that FES can benefit patients similarly after cardiac surgery. OBJECTIVE: This randomized placebo-controlled trial aimed to evaluate the effects of FES on lower limb functional capacity, strength, endurance, and muscle mass after discharge from cardiac surgery. METHODS: Twenty patients were allocated (1:1) to the group receiving FES to the quadriceps (FESG) or FES placebo (FESPG)...
May 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558952/intra-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-neutral-head-position-and-target-head-position-tests-in-patients-with-and-without-neck-pain
#10
Khalid Alahmari, Ravi Shankar Reddy, Paul Silvian, Irshad Ahmad, Venkat Nagaraj, Mohammad Mahtab
BACKGROUND: Cervical proprioception is a common term used in neck rehabilitation, and it is examined using neutral head position (NHP) and target head position (THP) tests. OBJECTIVE: To investigate intra- and inter-rater reliability of the NHP and THP tests in patients with neck pain and in healthy controls. METHODS: The intra-rater (between-day) and inter-rater (within-day) reliability of the NHP and THP tests were assessed in 36 patients with neck pain and 33 healthy subjects...
May 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465132/comparison-of-cervical-muscle-thickness-between-asymptomatic-women-with-and-without-forward-head-posture
#11
Fateme Bokaee, Asghar Rezasoltani, Farideh D Manshadi, Sedigheh S Naimi, Alireza A Baghban, Hadi Azimi
BACKGROUND: Forward head posture (FHP) is a forward positioning of the head relative to the trunk in the sagittal plane. This posture is one of the most prevalent poor postures in patients with head and neck pain. Rehabilitative Ultrasound Imaging (RUSI) is a reliable method to objectively evaluate muscle thickness and function. OBJECTIVE: To compare thickness of cervical muscles that control both head and neck posture between asymptomatic women with and without FHP...
April 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545779/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-patient-education-for-acute-low-back-pain-prevent-trial-statistical-analysis-plan
#12
REVIEW
Adrian C Traeger, Ian W Skinner, Markus Hübscher, Hopin Lee, G Lorimer Moseley, Michael K Nicholas, Nicholas Henschke, Kathryn M Refshauge, Fiona M Blyth, Chris J Main, Julia M Hush, Garry Pearce, Serigne Lo, James H McAuley
BACKGROUND: Statistical analysis plans increase the transparency of decisions made in the analysis of clinical trial results. The purpose of this paper is to detail the planned analyses for the PREVENT trial, a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of patient education for acute low back pain. RESULTS: We report the pre-specified principles, methods, and procedures to be adhered to in the main analysis of the PREVENT trial data. The primary outcome analysis will be based on Mixed Models for Repeated Measures (MMRM), which can test treatment effects at specific time points, and the assumptions of this analysis are outlined...
April 14, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454725/reliability-and-validity-of-active-and-passive-pectoralis-minor-muscle-length-measures
#13
Margaret Finley, Noel Goodstadt, Daniel Soler, Kristin Somerville, Zachary Friedman, David Ebaugh
BACKGROUND: Pectoralis minor muscle length is believed to play an important role in shoulder pain and dysfunction. Current clinical procedures for assessing pectoralis minor muscle length may not provide the most useful information for clinical decision making. OBJECTIVE: To establish the reliability and construct validity of a novel technique to measure pectoralis minor muscle length under actively and passively lengthened conditions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional repeated measures...
April 14, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473284/energy-expenditure-and-cost-of-walking-and-stair-climbing-in-individuals-with-chronic-stroke
#14
Janaine C Polese, Giane A Ribeiro-Samora, Raquel C Lana, Fátima V Rodrigues-De-Paula, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela
BACKGROUND: Subjects with stroke show higher energy cost (EC) during walking, when compared to healthy individuals, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. Additionally, the behavior of physiological variables during other activities has not been investigated. OBJECTIVES: To investigate energy expenditure (EE) and EC during the six-minute walking test (6MWT) and stair climb test (SCT) in chronic stroke subjects compared to healthy controls. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in which stroke subjects (n=18) (community-walking speed ≥0...
April 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473285/investigation-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-a-manufacturing-company-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Paula K Hembecker, Diogo C Reis, Andréa C Konrath, Leila A Gontijo, Eugenio A D Merino
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are prevalent and represent the most common health problem among the working population in industrially-developing countries, with considerable costs and impact on quality of life. Despite the high incidence of disability insurance claims among Brazilian manufacturing-sector workers, only a few studies assessed musculoskeletal disorders prevalence. OBJECTIVE: To provide information on the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among manufacturing-sector workers and to explore the relationship between musculoskeletal disorders and sociodemographic and occupational characteristics in a medium metallurgical company located in Brazil...
April 11, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473283/hip-knee-and-ankle-kinematics-during-activities-of-daily-living-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Kashitaro Hyodo, Tadashi Masuda, Junya Aizawa, Tetsuya Jinno, Sadao Morita
BACKGROUND: Joint angle data from healthy subjects are necessary as baseline information. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the problems of patients who struggle with activities of daily living (ADL) due to restricted range of motion and to provide ADL guidance based on objective data. METHOD: An electromagnetic three-dimensional tracking system (FASTRAK) was used to quantify the hip, knee, and ankle angles of the dominant leg of 26 healthy adults as they performed 22 ADLs related to dressing, using the toilet, bathing, picking up objects, and crouching...
April 9, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473282/measurement-properties-of-the-human-activity-profile-questionnaire-in-hospitalized-patients
#17
Daniel C Souza, Fernando Wegner, Lucíola C M Costa, Luciana D Chiavegato, Adriana C Lunardi
OBJECTIVE: To test the measurement properties (reproducibility, internal consistency, ceiling and floor effects, and construct validity) of the Human Activity Profile (HAP) questionnaire in hospitalized patients. METHODS: This measurement properties study recruited one-hundred patients hospitalized for less than 48h for clinical or surgical reasons. The HAP was administered at baseline and after 48h in a test-retest design). The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-6) was also administered at baseline, aiming to assess the construct validity...
April 9, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473281/linear-and-nonlinear-analysis-of-postural-control-in-frailty-syndrome
#18
Verena de Vassimon-Barroso, Aparecida Maria Catai, Marcele Stephanie De Souza Buto, Alberto Porta, Anielle Cristhine De Medeiros Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Adaptive postural control can be impaired in the presence of frailty syndrome, given that this condition causes homeostatic dysregulation in physiological systems. OBJECTIVES: To compare the center of pressure (CoP) displacements of non-frail, pre-frail, and frail elderly subjects in the standing position before and after postural transition of sitting and rising from a chair, using linear and nonlinear methods. METHODS: Forty-two elderly subjects were divided into 3 groups: non-frail (n=15), pre-frail (n=15), and frail (n=12)...
April 9, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473280/safety-of-early-performance-of-the-six-minute-walk-test-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Lívia S Diniz, Victor R Neves, Ana C Starke, Marco P T Barbosa, Raquel R Britto, Antônio L P Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is a simple, low cost, reliable, and valid method for evaluating the functional capacity of cardiac patients. However, its early use and safety following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is recent and has been little investigated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and to compare the safety and the cardiac behavior of early performance of the 6MWT in patients following uncomplicated AMI up to 4 days or more than 4 days after the event...
May 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442212/effects-of-underwater-ultrasound-therapy-on-pain-inflammation-hand-function-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Márta Király, Zsuzsanna Varga, Ferenc Szanyó, Rita Kiss, Katalin Hodosi, Tamás Bender
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of underwater ultrasound (US) therapy in 48 patients with moderately active rheumatoid arthritis (disease activity score in 28 joints [DAS28]>3.2 and<5.1). METHODS: Patients randomly assigned to the ultrasound group (n=25) received underwater continuous ultrasound therapy to both wrists and hands for 7min per session with an intensity of 0.7W/cm(2) for 10 sessions. The control group (n=23) received sham treatment under the same conditions...
May 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
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