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Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849290/the-prevention-of-diabetic-foot-ulceration-how-biomechanical-research-informs-clinical-practice
#1
Frank E DiLiberto, Judith F Baumhauer, Deborah A Nawoczenski
Background: Implementation of interprofessional clinical guidelines for the prevention of neuropathic diabetic foot ulceration has demonstrated positive effects regarding ulceration and amputation rates. Current foot care recommendations are primarily based on research regarding the prevention of ulcer recurrence and focused on reducing the magnitude of plantar stress (pressure overload). Yet, foot ulceration remains to be a prevalent and debilitating consequence of Diabetes Mellitus...
November 16, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849288/physical-therapy-in-occupational-health-and-ergonomics-practical-applications-and-innovative-research-approaches
#2
LETTER
Rosimeire S Padula, Ana B Oliveira, Rodrigo L Carregaro, Tatiana O Sato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849289/external-rotation-elastic-bands-at-the-lower-limb-decrease-rearfoot-eversion-during-walking-a-preliminary-proof-of-concept
#3
Thales R Souza, Vanessa L Araújo, Paula L Silva, Viviane O C Carvalhais, Renan A Resende, Sérgio T Fonseca
Background: Reducing rearfoot eversion is a commonly desired effect in clinical practice to prevent or treat musculoskeletal dysfunction. Interventions that pull the lower limb into external rotation may reduce rearfoot eversion. Objective: This study investigated whether the use of external rotation elastic bands, of different levels of stiffness, will decrease rearfoot eversion during walking. We hypothesized that the use of elastic bands would decrease rearfoot eversion and that the greater the band stiffness, the greater the eversion reduction...
November 7, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001268/the-evolving-role-of-physical-therapists-in-the-long-term-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-longitudinal-care-using-assisted-self-management-strategies
#4
Paul F Beattie, Sheri P Silfies, Max Jordon
Background: Longitudinal studies have shown that the symptoms of chronic low back pain (CLBP) will follow an episodic trajectory characterized by periods of high and low pain intensity that can persist for many years. There is a growing belief that the contemporary approach of limiting physical therapy to short, but intense courses of treatment for (CLBP) may be sub-optimal because these limited "windows" of clinical care are not congruent with the natural history of this condition. Recent research has suggested that people with CLBP undergo substantial, and individualized long-term variations in the neural processing of nociception over time...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001267/the-brazilian-journal-of-physical-therapy-is-now-published-by-elsevier-a-step-forward
#5
EDITORIAL
Paula Rezende Camargo, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Sergio Teixeira Fonseca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706462/effectiveness-of-prophylactic-non-invasive-ventilation-on-respiratory-function-in-the-postoperative-phase-of-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Camilla R S Silva, Lívia B Andrade, Danielle A S X Maux, Andreza L Bezerra, Maria C M B Duarte
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of prophylactic, non-invasive ventilation (NIV) on respiratory function in seven- to 16-year-old children in the post-operative phase of cardiac surgery. Method: A randomized, controlled trial with 50 children who had undergone cardiac surgery with median sternotomy. After extubation, patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: control group (n=26), which received instructions regarding posture, early ambulation, and cough stimulation, and CPAP group (continuous positive airway pressure; n=24), which received the same instructions as the control group and CPAP=10 cmH20 twice daily for 30 minutes from the 1st to the 5th post-operative day (POD)...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683840/acute-effects-of-expiratory-positive-airway-pressure-epap-on-different-levels-in-ventilation-and-electrical-activity-of-sternocleidomastoid-and-parasternal-muscles-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Dannuey M Cardoso, Guilherme A F Fregonezi, Renan T Jost, Ricardo Gass, Cristine L Alberton, Isabella M Albuquerque, Dulciane N Paiva, Sérgio S M Barreto
Objective: To investigate the acute effects of EPAP on the activity of sternocleidomastoid (SCM), parasternal muscles and ventilatory parameters in COPD patients. Method: Twenty-four patients with COPD were studied using surface electromyography (sEMG) and a ventilometer. Patients were randomly assigned to EPAP 10 cmH2O-EPAP10 or 15 cmH2O-EPAP15 for 20 minutes. Results: The parasternal muscle sEMG activity increased during EPAP10 and EPAP15; however, a greater and significant increase was observed with EPAP10 (mean between-group difference: 12...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683838/factors-associated-with-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-elders-with-acute-low-back-pain-data-from-the-study-back-complaints-in-the-elders-bace
#8
Luiza F Teixeira, Leani S M Pereira, Silvia L A Silva, João M D Dias, Rosângela C Dias
Background: The attitudes and beliefs that older people have about acute low back pain (LBP) may influence the coping mechanisms and the adoption of treatment strategies in this population. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with the attitudes and beliefs of elderly patients with acute low back pain using the Back Beliefs Questionnaire. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with a subsample of the study "Back Complaints in the Elders" (BACE), composed of 532 older Brazilians of both genders with acute LBP...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683837/effects-of-functional-and-analytical-strength-training-on-upper-extremity-activity-after-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Patrícia Graef, Stella M Michaelsen, Maria L R Dadalt, Daiana A M S Rodrigues, Franciele Pereira, Aline S Pagnussat
Objective: To investigate the effects of functional strengthening (using functional movements) and analytical strengthening (using repetitive movements) on level of activity and muscular strength gain in patients with chronic hemiparesis after stroke. Method: A randomized, assessor-blinded trial was conducted in a therapist-supervised home rehabilitation program. Twenty-seven patients with chronic stroke were randomly allocated one of two groups: functional strengthening (FS) (n=13) and analytical strengthening (AS) (n=14)...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683836/ultrasound-imaging-in-women-s-arm-flexor-muscles-intra-rater-reliability-of-muscle-thickness-and-echo-intensity
#10
Amilton Vieira, Angelina F Siqueira, João B Ferreira-Junior, Paulo Pereira, Dale Wagner, Martim Bottaro
Background: Different ultrasound parameters have been frequently used to assess changes associated with training, aging, immobilization, and neuromuscular diseases. However, an exploratory reliability analysis of the echo intensity (EI) and muscle thickness (MT) of the forearm flexors is scarce, especially in women. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to determine the intra-rater reliability of MT and EI assessed by ultrasound in young women. Method: Ultrasonographic MT and EI were acquired in the forearm flexors of 41 young women (22±2 yrs)...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683835/profile-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-classified-as-physically-active-and-inactive-according-to-different-thresholds-of-physical-activity-in-daily-life
#11
Karina C Furlanetto, Isabela F S Pinto, Thais Sant'Anna, Nidia A Hernandes, Fabio Pitta
Objective: To compare the profiles of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) considered physically active or inactive according to different classifications of the level of physical activity in daily life (PADL). Method: Pulmonary function, dyspnea, functional status, body composition, exercise capacity, respiratory and peripheral muscle strength, and presence of comorbidities were assessed in 104 patients with COPD. The level of PADL was quantified with a SenseWear Armband activity monitor...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683834/is-handgrip-strength-normalized-to-body-weight-a-useful-tool-to-identify-dynapenia-and-functional-incapacity-in-post-menopausal-women
#12
Maude Dulac, Guy El Hajj Boutros, Charlotte Pion, Sébastien Barbat-Artigas, Gilles Gouspillou, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre
Objective: To investigate whether handgrip strength normalized to body weight could be a useful clinical tool to identify dynapenia and assess functional capacity in post-menopausal women. Method: A total of 136 postmenopausal women were recruited. Body composition (Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry [DEXA], Bio-electrical Impedence Analysis [BIA]), grip strength (dynamometer) and functional capacity (senior fitness tests) were evaluated. Dynapenia was established according to a handgrip strength index (handgrip strength divided by body weight (BW) in Kg/KgBW) obtained from a reference population of young women: Type I dynapenic (<0...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683833/risk-of-falls-in-brazilian-elders-with-and-without-low-back-pain-assessed-using-the-physiological-profile-assessment-bace-study
#13
Nayza M B Rosa, Bárbara Z Queiroz, Renata A Lopes, Natalia R Sampaio, Daniele S Pereira, Leani S M Pereira
Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal condition among elders and is associated with falls. However, the underlying biological risk factors for falling among elders with LBP has been poorly investigated. The Physiological Profile Assessment (PPA) is a validated fall-risk assessment tool that involves the direct assessment of sensorimotor abilities and may contribute to the understanding of risk factors for falls among elders with LBP. Objective: To assess fall risk using the PPA in elders with and without LBP...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333475/new-version-of-the-pediatric-evaluation-of-disability-inventory-pedi-cat-translation-cultural-adaptation-to-brazil-and-analyses-of-psychometric-properties
#14
Marisa C Mancini, Wendy J Coster, Maíra F Amaral, Bruna S Avelar, Raphael Freitas, Rosana F Sampaio
BACKGROUND: The Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory-Computer Adaptive Test (PEDI-CAT), developed with innovative measurement methodologies, evaluates functioning of children and youth, from 0 to 21 years, with different health conditions. It is a revision of an earlier instrument (PEDI) that has been used in national and international clinical practice and research. It was felt to be necessary to make this new version (PEDI-CAT) available in Brazil. OBJECTIVES: Translate and culturally adapt the PEDI-CAT to the Brazilian-Portuguese language and test its psychometric properties...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849287/effects-of-comprehensive-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-functional-capacity-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-brazilians-assisted-by-public-health-care-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Gabriela S S Chaves, Gabriela L M Ghisi, Sherry L Grace, Paul Oh, Antonio L Ribeiro, Raquel R Britto
Background: Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the leading burden of disease worldwide. Moreover, CVD-related death rates are considered an epidemic in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Research shows that cardiac rehabilitation (CR) participation reduces death and improves disability and quality of life. Given the growing epidemic of CVD in LMICs and the insufficient evidence about CR programs in these countries, a Randomized Control Trial (RCT) in Latin America is warranted. Objective: To investigate the effects of comprehensive CR on functional capacity and cardiovascular risk factors...
October 27, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683839/effectiveness-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-low-back-pain-and-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-protocol-and-statistical-analysis-plan-for-two-randomised-controlled-trials
#16
Kate M O'Brien, Amanda Williams, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden, Serene Yoong, Elizabeth Campbell, Steven J Kamper, James McAuley, John Attia, Chris Oldmeadow, Christopher M Williams
Background: These trials are the first randomised controlled trials of telephone-based weight management and healthy lifestyle interventions for low back pain and knee osteoarthritis. This article describes the protocol and statistical analysis plan. Method: These trials are parallel randomised controlled trials that investigate and compare the effect of a telephone-based weight management and healthy lifestyle intervention for improving pain intensity in overweight or obese patients with low back pain or knee osteoarthritis...
September 22, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410163/immediate-and-short-term-effects-of-the-combination-of-dry-needling-and-percutaneous-tens-on-post-needling-soreness-in-patients-with-chronic-myofascial-neck-pain
#17
Jose V León-Hernández, Aitor Martín-Pintado-Zugasti, Laura G Frutos, Isabel M Alguacil-Diego, Ana I de la Llave-Rincón, Josue Fernandez-Carnero
Background: Dry needling (DN) and percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS) are widely used techniques in the treatment of myofascial pain. Objective: To investigate the immediate and short-term effects of the combination of DN and PENS compared to DN alone on the upper trapezius muscle. Method: This is a 72-hour follow-up single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Sixty-two volunteer patients with chronic myofascial neck pain with active Myofascial Trigger Points (MTrPs) in the upper trapezius muscle were recruited...
July 11, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410162/effects-of-a-progressive-resistance-exercise-program-with-high-speed-component-on-the-physical-function-of-older-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Karina S S Vasconcelos, João M D Dias, Marília C Araújo, Ana C Pinheiro, Bruno S Moreira, Rosângela C Dias
Background: Sarcopenic obesity is associated with disability in older people, especially in women. Resistance exercises are recommended for this population, but their efficacy is not clear. Objective: To evaluate the effects of a progressive resistance exercise program with high-speed component on the physical function of older women with sarcopenic obesity. Method: Twenty-eight women 65 to 80 years old, with a body mass index ≥30kg/m2 and handgrip strength ≤21kg were randomly allocated to two groups...
July 11, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410161/dynamometry-for-the-measurement-of-grip-pinch-and-trunk-muscles-strength-in-subjects-with-subacute-stroke-reliability-and-different-number-of-trials
#19
Larissa T Aguiar, Júlia C Martins, Eliza M Lara, Julianna A Albuquerque, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela, Christina D C M Faria
Background: Muscle strength is usually measured in individuals with stroke with Portable dynamometers (gold standard). However, no studies have investigated the reliability, the standard error of measurement (SEM) and the minimal detectable difference (MDD95%) of the dynamometry for the measurement of hand grip, pinch grip and trunk strength in subjects with subacute stroke. Objective: 1) To investigate the intra and inter-rater reliability, the SEM and the MDD95% of the portable dynamometers for the measurement of grip, pinch and trunk strength in subjects with subacute stroke, and 2) to verify whether the use of different number of trials (first trial and the average of the first two and three trials) affected the results...
July 11, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556393/effects-of-10-000-steps-a-day-on-physical-and-mental-health-in-overweight-participants-in-a-community-setting-a-preliminary-study
#20
Kornanong Yuenyongchaiwat
BACKGROUND: Being overweight is associated not only with physical health problems, but also with risk of mental health problems. Increased physical activity (PA) has been recommended for the prevention of cardiovascular disease; however, little is known about the effect of walking on physical and mental health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to explore the effectiveness of a pedometer-based PA intervention on physical and mental health states. METHOD: Thirty-five overweight participants with body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg•m-2 were selected and assigned to a 12-week pedometer-based walking program (10,000 steps•d-1)...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
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