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Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

Scott A Burns, Joshua A Cleland, Darren A Rivett, Suzanne J Snodgrass
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that physical therapy interventions targeting the hips may improve outcomes, including pain and disability, for patients with low back pain (LBP). Currently, there is conflicting data in regard to whether an individual with LBP needs to have a concurrent hip impairment in order to respond to this approach. The purpose of this clinical trial will be to determine the short and long-term effectiveness of physical therapy interventions directed at the lumbar spine only, versus lumbar spine and hip(s), in individuals with a primary complaint of LBP with a concurrent hip impairment...
September 7, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Ryo Tanaka, Kenta Hirohama, Junya Ozawa
OBJECTIVE: To verify if the relationship between pain catastrophizing and pain worsening would be mediated by muscle weakness and disability in patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in a hospital out-patient setting. Convenience sampling was used with a total of 50 participants with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis. Pain and the activities of daily livings (ADL) were assessed using the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) subscale...
August 23, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Priscilla Rique Furtado, Álvaro Campos Cavalcanti Maciel, Renata Ramos Tomaz Barbosa, Ana Aline Marcelino da Silva, Diana Amélia de Freitas, Karla Morganna Pereira Pinto de Mendonça
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between quality of life, asthma severity, sleep disorders and exercise capacity in children with asthma. METHODS: We evaluated 45 children with asthma of both sexes aged between 7 and 12 years, diagnosed by a pediatrician/pulmonologist and classified according to the IV Brazilian Guidelines for Asthma Management: severity (intermittent/mild and moderate/severe) and control (controlled, partially controlled and uncontrolled). Quality of life (QoL), presence of sleep disorders and exercise capacity were respectively assessed using the following instruments: Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ); Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC); and six-minute step test (6MST)...
August 23, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Clécio Vier, Marina Barbosa de Almeida, Marcos Lisboa Neves, Adair Roberto Soares Dos Santos, Marcelo Anderson Bracht
BACKGROUND: Orofacial pain of myofascial origin is often associated with temporomandibular joint dysfunction, affects chewing muscles and may lead to functional limitations. Dry needling is an intervention commonly used for inactivating myofascial pain trigger points. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the effects of dry needling on orofacial pain of myofascial origin in patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction. METHODS: This systematic review has pain intensity as primary outcome...
August 22, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Leila Ghamkhar, Amir Hossein Kahlaee
BACKGROUND: Forward head posture (FHP) and muscular dysfunction are likely contributing factors to chronic neck pain (CNP) but there are inconsistent findings on the relevance of these factors to clinical CNP characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To compare FHP, cervical muscles size and endurance between CNP and asymptomatic participants and to investigate their association with pain and disability and relative involvement of deep/superficial and flexor/extensor muscles...
August 22, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Ahmed Mohamed Elshiwi, Hamada Ahmed Hamada, Dalia Mosaad, Ibrahim Mohammed A Ragab, Ghada Mohamed Koura, Saud Mashi Alrawaili
BACKGROUND: Further research on pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) effects on the different conditions of low back pain was warranted due to lack of studies in this area. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy with 50Hz frequency, with low intensity of 20Gauss compared to conventional non-invasive treatment modalities in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain. METHODS: Design - A prospective, randomized, patient-blinded, controlled trial...
August 21, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Amanda Costa Araujo, Dafne Port Nascimento, Gabrielle Zoldan Gonzalez, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Ricardo Marcos Liberatori Junior, Walter Ansanello Netto, Gabriela Ferreira Carvalho, Gisele Garcia Zanca, Salomão Chade Assan Zatiti, Stela Marcia Mattiello
BACKGROUND: Handheld dynamometers (HHD) provide quick and low-cost assessments of muscle strength and their use has been increasing in clinical practice. There is no available data related to the validity of HHD for this measurement. OBJECTIVE: To verify the concurrent validity of scapular protraction measurements using an HHD. METHODS: Individuals with traumatic anterior glenohumeral instability were allocated in Instability Group (n=20), healthy swimmers were allocated in Athletes Group (n=19) and healthy subjects were allocated in Sedentary Group (n=21)...
August 21, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Luciana Narciso Paschoal, Patrícia Nery De Souza, Cassia Maria Buchalla, Christina May Moran De Brito, Linamara Rizzo Battistella
BACKGROUND: Hospitalized patients are at risk for the loss of function and impairment. Physical therapists aim to improve functionality and prevent disabilities. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) propose a universal language to classify the functionality of patients across different health care settings and over diverse health conditions. OBJECTIVES: To identify the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health categories that describe most common and relevant patient problems managed by physical therapists in Brazilian hospitals in the acute and post-acute care settings...
August 21, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Chiara Arienti, Riccardo Buraschi, Sabrina Donzelli, Fabio Zaina, Joel Pollet, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: In some studies, an association has been reported between laterality of the curve in scoliotic adolescents and hand dominance; however, additional studies have to be performed to confirm these findings. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the prevalence between trunk asymmetry and side dominance in hand, foot and visual laterality in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study secondary analysis. In total, 1029 children (491 females) were enrolled from the Secondary School of Brescia, Italy, with a mean age of 12 (SD=0...
August 20, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Giselle S Faria, Janaine C Polese, Giane A Ribeiro-Samora, Aline A Scianni, Christina D C M Faria, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela
OBJECTIVE: To examine the concurrent validity of the GT3X® ActiGraph accelerometer and Google Fit® smartphone application in estimating energy expenditure in people who had suffered a stroke, during fast overground walking. METHODS: Thirty community-dwelling stroke individuals walked on a 10-meter hallway over 5min at their fastest speeds, wearing a Cortex Metamax 3B® ergoespirometer, a GT3X® ActiGraph accelerometer, and a smartphone with the Google Fit® application...
August 20, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Júlia Caetano Martins, Sherindan Ayessa Ferreira de Brito, Camila Lima Gervásio Mendes, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Christina Danielli Coelho De Morais Faria
OBJECTIVES: This study had three aims: (1) to evaluate the relationships between the paretic knee extensor muscle strength and global lower-limb strength in individuals who had suffered a sub-acute/chronic stroke, (2) to determine whether global lower-limb strength, sex, body mass index, or age could predict knee extensor muscle strength, and 3) to investigate whether the results obtained via a Modified Sphygmomanometer Test (MST) would be similar to those obtained using a hand-held dynamometer...
August 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Saurab Sharma, J Haxby Abbott, Mark P Jensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Fabiano Francisco de Lima, Carlos Augusto Camillo, Elton Aparecido Prado Dos Reis, Aldo Eloizo Job, Bruna Spolador de Alencar Silva, Marko Topalovic, Dionei Ramos, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos
BACKGROUND: Lemgruber® elastic tubing has been used as an adjunct to exercise training with positive effects in healthy adults and in patients with chronic lung disease. Despite its benefits, there is a lack of information on the specific resistance, elongation, reproducibility and safety of the different types of Lemgruber® elastic tubing. OBJECTIVES: The primary outcome was to assess the length-resistance relation (E/R) of five Lemgruber® elastic tubing of different diameters...
July 17, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Eirin Rise, Kari Bø, Wenche Nystad
BACKGROUND: Abdominal strength training before and during pregnancy has been recommended to enhance normal vaginal birth by enabling increased force needed for active pushing. However, to date there is little research addressing this hypothesis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether nulliparous pregnant women reporting regular abdominal strength training prior to and at two time points during pregnancy have reduced risk of cesarean section, instrumental assisted vaginal delivery and third- and fourth-degree perineal tears...
July 6, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Indiara Soares Oliveira, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Alessandra Narciso Garcia, Gisela Cristiane Miyamoto, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral, Lucíola da Cunha Menezes Costa
OBJECTIVE: To identify potential prognostic factors that may predict clinical improvement of patients treated with different physical therapy interventions in the short-term. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study. A total of 616 patients with chronic non-specific low back pain treated with interventions commonly used by physical therapists were included. These patients were selected from five randomized controlled trials. Multivariate linear regression models were used to verify if sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, and marital status), anthropometric variables (height, body mass, and body mass index), or duration of low back pain, pain intensity at baseline, and disability at baseline could be associated with clinical outcomes of pain intensity and disability four weeks after baseline...
July 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Gail Sowden, Jonathan Charles Hill, Lars Morso, Quninette Louw, Nadine Elizabeth Foster
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is common, however research comparing the effectiveness of different treatments over the last two decades conclude either no or small differences in the average effects of different treatments. One suggestion to explain this is that patients are not all the same and important subgroups exist that might require different treatment approaches. Stratified care for LBP involves identifying subgroups of patients and then delivering appropriate matched treatments...
July 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Thiago Vilela Lemos, José Roberto de Souza Júnior, Maikon Gleibyson Rodrigues Dos Santos, Marlon Maia Noronha Rosa, Luiz Guilherme Cardoso da Silva, João Paulo Chieregato Matheus
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Kinesio Taping effects with different directions and tensions on the strength of rectus femoris and range of movement of the knee in healthy individuals, but with a muscle imbalance caused by exposure to a continuous vibration. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial. The subjects were randomly allocated into two groups: Group application of the Kinesio Taping using origin to insertion and Group application of the Kinesio Taping using insertion to origin...
July 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Xiaoqi Chen, Shaun O'Leary, Venerina Johnston
BACKGROUND: Office workers have the highest incidence of neck pain of all occupations. However, the relationship between symptoms and the risk factors is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between self-reported neck pain with a comprehensive range of individual and work-related risk factors. METHODS: This study utilised a cross-sectional study design. Office workers with and without neck pain (n=763) were recruited. Participants completed a survey which included a Pain Numerical Rating Scale (dependent variable), and measures of independent variables including demographic, individual, work-related factors, neck/shoulder muscle strength, endurance, and range of motion (ROM)...
July 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Valdecira Rodrigues de Jesus, Pricila Mara Novais de Oliveira, Vivian Mara Gonçalves de Oliveira Azevedo
BACKGROUND: The hammock positioning within the incubators simulates the intrauterine environment, however, there is little evidence of its benefits and possible risks. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of hammock positioning on behavioral status, vital signs, and pain in very low birth weight preterm newborns. METHODS: This is a quasi-experimental/case series study in which premature infants (<1500g) were positioned in supine for one hour in a hammock...
July 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
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