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Infectious Diseases of Poverty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629405/erratum-to-comparative-evaluation-of-the-diagnosis-reporting-and-investigation-of-malaria-cases-in-china-2005-2014-transition-from-control-to-elimination-for-the-national-malaria-programme
#1
Jun-Ling Sun, Sheng Zhou, Qi-Bin Geng, Qian Zhang, Zi-Ke Zhang, Can-Jun Zheng, Wen-Biao Hu, Archie C A Clements, Sheng-Jie Lai, Zhong-Jie Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622767/praziquantel-decreases-fecundity-in-schistosoma-mansoni-adult-worms-that-survive-treatment-evidence-from-a-laboratory-life-history-trade-offs-selection-study
#2
Poppy H L Lamberton, Christina L Faust, Joanne P Webster
BACKGROUND: Mass drug administration of praziquantel is the World Health Organization's endorsed control strategy for schistosomiasis. A decade of annual treatments across sub-Saharan Africa has resulted in significant reductions of infection prevalence and intensity levels, although 'hotspots' remain. Repeated drug treatments place strong selective pressures on parasites, which may affect life-history traits that impact transmission dynamics. Understanding drug treatment responses and the evolution of such traits can help inform on how to minimise the risk of drug resistance developing, maximise sustainable control programme success, and improve diagnostic protocols...
June 16, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595653/habitat-productivity-and-pyrethroid-susceptibility-status-of-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#3
Leah Mathias, Vito Baraka, Anitha Philbert, Ester Innocent, Filbert Francis, Gamba Nkwengulila, Eliningaya J Kweka
BACKGROUND: Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) is the main vector of the dengue virus globally. Dengue vector control is mainly based on reducing the vector population through interventions, which target potential breeding sites. However, in Tanzania, little is known about this vector's habitat productivity and insecticide susceptibility status to support evidence-based implementation of control measures. The present study aimed at assessing the productivity and susceptibility status of A...
June 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592296/pigsties-near-dwellings-as-a-potential-risk-factor-for-the-prevalence-of-japanese-encephalitis-virus-in-adult-in-shanxi-china
#4
Xiaojie Ren, Shihong Fu, Peifang Dai, Huanyu Wang, Yuanyuan Li, Xiaolong Li, Wenwen Lei, Xiaoyan Gao, Ying He, Zhi Lv, Jingxia Cheng, Guiqin Wang, Guodong Liang
BACKGROUND: The increasing trend of adult cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in China, particularly in northern China, has become an important public health issue. We conducted an epidemiological investigation in the south of Shanxi Province to examine the relationships between mosquitoes, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), and adult JE cases. METHODS: Mosquito specimens were collected from the courtyards of farmers' households and pig farms in Shanxi Province...
June 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592266/urgent-needs-in-fostering-neglected-tropical-diseases-ntds-laboratory-capacity-in-who-western-pacific-region-results-from-the-external-quality-assessment-on-ntds-diagnosis-in-2012-2015
#5
Yan Lu, Glenda Gonzales, Shao-Hong Chen, Hao Li, Yu-Chun Cai, Yan-Hong Chu, Lin Ai, Mu-Xin Chen, Hai-Ning Chen, Jia-Xu Chen
BACKGROUND: Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a heterogeneous group of mainly chronic, debilitating and often stigmatizing diseases that largely affects low-income and politically marginalized populations, causing a large burden of public health, social and economies in the NTDs endemic countries. NTDs are caused by infections with a range of pathogen, including bacteria, parasites, protozoa and viruses. The accurate diagnosis of NTDs is important for reducing morbidity, preventing mortality and for monitoring of control programs...
June 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587683/spatial-and-temporal-distribution-of-american-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-acre-state-brazil
#6
Leonardo Augusto Kohara Melchior, Andréia Fernandes Brilhante, Francisco Chiaravalloti-Neto
BACKGROUND: Acre has reported the highest incidence of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) in Brazil in recent years. The present study seeks to identify high and low risk agglomerations of ACL in space and space-time during the period from 2007 to 2013 in Acre, and also to characterize the occurrence of the disease in time and according to sociodemographic variables. METHODS: This is an ecological study, the study population of which consisted of autochthonous ACL cases notified in the municipalities of Acre by an epidemiological surveillance system...
June 7, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578709/genetic-diversity-of-plasmodium-vivax-revealed-by-the-merozoite-surface-protein-1-icb5-6-fragment
#7
Wei Ruan, Ling-Ling Zhang, Yan Feng, Xuan Zhang, Hua-Liang Chen, Qiao-Yi Lu, Li-Nong Yao, Wei Hu
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax remains a potential cause of morbidity and mortality for people living in its endemic areas. Understanding the genetic diversity of P. vivax from different regions is valuable for studying population dynamics and tracing the origins of parasites. The PvMSP-1 gene is highly polymorphic and has been used as a marker in many P. vivax population studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity of the PvMSP-1 gene icb5-6 fragment and to provide more genetic polymorphism data for further studies on P...
June 5, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571575/active-case-finding-for-tuberculosis-by-mobile-teams-in-myanmar-yield-and-treatment-outcomes
#8
Ohnmar Myint, Saw Saw, Petros Isaakidis, Mohammed Khogali, Anthony Reid, Nguyen Binh Hoa, Thi Thi Kyaw, Ko Ko Zaw, Tin Mi Mi Khaing, Si Thu Aung
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, the Myanmar National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) has been implementing active case finding (ACF) activities involving mobile teams in hard-to-reach areas. This study revealed the contribution of mobile team activities to total tuberculosis (TB) case detection, characteristics of TB patients detected by mobile teams and their treatment outcomes. METHODS: This was a descriptive study using routine programme data between October 2014 and December 2014...
June 2, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571565/c-reactive-protein-is-differentially-modulated-by-co-existing-infections-vitamin-deficiencies-and-maternal-factors-in-pregnant-and-lactating-indigenous-panamanian-women
#9
Doris González-Fernández, Emérita Del Carmen Pons, Delfina Rueda, Odalis Teresa Sinisterra, Enrique Murillo, Marilyn E Scott, Kristine G Koski
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of C-reactive protein (CRP) as a non-specific marker of inflammation during pregnancy and lactation is unclear in impoverished populations where co-existing infections and vitamin deficiencies are common. METHODS: This cross-sectional study in Panama recruited 120 pregnant and 99 lactating Ngäbe-Buglé women from 14 communities in rural Panama. Obstetric history, indoor wood smoke exposure, fieldwork, BMI, vitamins A, B12, D, and folic acid, and inflammation markers (CRP, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), plateletcrit and cytokines) were measured...
June 2, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569208/development-of-a-health-education-intervention-strategy-using-an-implementation-research-method-to-control-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis-in-burkina-faso
#10
Helena Ngowi, Ivan Ozbolt, Athanase Millogo, Veronique Dermauw, Télesphore Somé, Paul Spicer, Lori L Jervis, Rasmané Ganaba, Sarah Gabriel, Pierre Dorny, Hélène Carabin
BACKGROUND: Taeniasis and cysticercosis are two diseases caused by Taenia solium, a parasite transmitted between humans and pigs, leading to considerable economic loss and disabilities. Transmission of the parasite is linked to environmental and behavioural factors such as inadequate sanitation and hygiene, poor pig management, and consumption of infected pork. This study used implementation research method to design a health education intervention strategy for reducing T. solium infections in Burkina Faso, a country endemic for the parasite...
June 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569191/the-strategic-framework-of-tuberculosis-control-and-prevention-in-the-elderly-a-scoping-review-towards-end-tb-targets
#11
REVIEW
Jun Li, Pui-Hong Chung, Cyrus L K Leung, Nobuyuki Nishikiori, Emily Y Y Chan, Eng-Kiong Yeoh
With the rapid pace of population ageing, tuberculosis (TB) in the elderly increasingly becomes a public health challenge. Despite the increasing burden and high risks for TB in the elderly, targeted strategy has not been well understood and evaluated. We undertook a scoping review to identify current TB strategies, research and policy gaps in the elderly and summarized the results within a strategic framework towards End TB targets. Databases of Embase, MEDLINE, Global health and EBM reviews were searched for original studies, review articles, and policy papers published in English between January 1990 and December 2015...
June 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569189/experimental-infections-of-mosquitoes-with-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-virus
#12
Shu-Yi Liang, Hong-Liang Chu, Xi-Ling Guo, Wei Wang, Hong-Na Chen, Yu-Fu Zhang, Yin Chen, Tao Wu, Chang-Jun Bao, Ming-Hao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is a newly identified emerging infectious disease, which is caused by a novel bunyavirus (termed SFTSV) in Asia. Although mosquitoes have not been identified as the primary vectors, as revealed by epidemiological surveys, their role in transmitting this SFTSV as a suspicious vector has not been validated. FINDINGS: In this study, we conducted experimental infections of mosquitoes with SFTSV to examine the role of mosquitoes in the transmission of the virus...
June 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569185/the-impact-of-poverty-on-dog-ownership-and-access-to-canine-rabies-vaccination-results-from-a-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-survey-uganda-2013
#13
Ryan MacLaren Wallace, Jason Mehal, Yoshinori Nakazawa, Sergio Recuenco, Barnabas Bakamutumaho, Modupe Osinubi, Victor Tugumizemu, Jesse D Blanton, Amy Gilbert, Joseph Wamala
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a neglected disease despite being responsible for more human deaths than any other zoonosis. A lack of adequate human and dog surveillance, resulting in low prioritization, is often blamed for this paradox. Estimation methods are often employed to describe the rabies burden when surveillance data are not available, however these figures are rarely based on country-specific data. METHODS: In 2013 a knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey was conducted in Uganda to understand dog population, rabies vaccination, and human rabies risk factors and improve in-country and regional rabies burden estimates...
June 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566085/prevalence-of-autoantibodies-against-cellular-antigens-in-patients-with-hiv-and-leprosy-coinfection-in-the-amazon-region
#14
Clea Nazaré Carneiro Bichara, Carlos David Araújo Bichara, Camila Tostes, Marinete Marins Povoa, Juarez Antonio Simões Quaresma, Marília Brasil Xavier
BACKGROUND: Infectious agents can activate self-reactive T cells. In general, infections trigger various mechanisms, including a lack of auto-tolerance, induction of costimulatory molecules on antigen presenting cells, and molecular simulation, in addition to cross-reactions between microbial antigens and self-antigens. HIV and leprosy coinfections lead to self-immunity with the production of autoantibodies. However, not enough data on the immune behaviour associated with this coinfection are available...
June 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490345/post-2015-why-delay-to-seek-healthcare-perceptions-and-field-experiences-from-tb-healthcare-providers-in-northern-malawi-a-qualitative-study
#15
Nathan B W Chimbatata, Chang-Ming Zhou, Chikondi M Chimbatata, Biao Xu
BACKGROUND: Malawi is a low-income country with high Tuberculosis (TB) burden. TB diagnosis delay and untimely initiation of treatment is still a major problem in Malawi which could increase the risk of tuberculosis transmission in the communities. This study investigated factors related to the diagnostic delay of tuberculosis from TB healthcare providers in the northern region of Malawi. METHODS: Nine focus group discussions were conducted with 57 participants in total...
May 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486978/rebuilding-transformation-strategies-in-post-ebola-epidemics-in-africa
#16
LETTER
Ernest Tambo, Chryseis F Chengho, Chidiebere E Ugwu, Isatta Wurie, Jeannetta K Jonhson, Jeanne Y Ngogang
Rebuilding transformation strategies in post-Ebola epidemics in West Africa requires long-term surveillance and strengthening health system preparedness to disease outbreak. This paper assesses reconstruction efforts from socio-cultural, economic and ecological transformation response approaches and strategies in improving sustainable survivors and affected communities livelihood and wellbeing. A comprehensive approach is required in the recovery and rebuilding processes. Investing in rebuilding transformation requires fostering evidence-based and effective engaging new investors partnership strengthening, financing community-based programmes ownership, novel socio-economic innovations strategies and tools against the evolving and future Ebola epidemics...
May 10, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482918/detection-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-chicken-and-soil-of-chicken-farms-in-nanjing-region-china
#17
Xin-Chao Liu, Yu He, Deng-Ge Han, Zhen-Chao Zhang, Ke Li, Shuai Wang, Li-Xin Xu, Ruo-Feng Yan, Xiang-Rui Li
BACKGROUND: Soil is increasingly recognized as an important source in the transmission of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of T. gondii in the soil and to grasp the relationships between the contamination of soil and chicken infections. METHODS: PCR method based on T. gondii-conserved gene internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS-1) as target gene and ELISA method (sGRA8-ELISA) using the recombinant protein of shortened GRA8 gene of T...
May 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478763/molecular-phylogeny-of-anopheles-hyrcanus-group-diptera-culicidae-based-on-mtdna-coi
#18
Yuan Fang, Wen-Qi Shi, Yi Zhang
BACKGROUND: The Anopheles hyrcanus group, which includes at least 25 species, is widely distributed in the Oriental and Palearctic regions. Some group members have been incriminated as vectors of malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases. It is difficult to identify Hyrcanus Group members by morphological features. Thus, molecular phylogeny has been proposed as an important complementary method to traditional morphological taxonomy. METHODS: Based on the GenBank database and our original study data, we used 466 mitochondrial DNA COI sequences belonging to 18 species to reconstruct the molecular phylogeny of the Hyrcanus Group across its worldwide geographic range...
May 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472981/infectious-diseases-of-poverty-the-first-five-years
#19
EDITORIAL
Wei Wang, Jin Chen, Hui-Feng Sheng, Na-Na Wang, Pin Yang, Xiao-Nong Zhou, Robert Bergquist
Although the focus in the area of health research may be shifting from infectious to non-communicable diseases, the infectious diseases of poverty remain a major burden of disease of global health concern. A global platform to communicate and share the research on these diseases is needed to facilitate the translation of knowledge into effective approaches and tools for their elimination. Based on the "One health, One world" mission, a new, open-access journal, Infectious Diseases of Poverty (IDP), was launched by BioMed Central in partnership with the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases (NIPD), Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC) on October 25, 2012...
May 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468685/a-neglected-risk-for-sparganosis-eating-live-tadpoles-in-central-china
#20
Jing Cui, Ye Wang, Xi Zhang, Xi-Meng Lin, Hong-Wei Zhang, Zhong-Quan Wang, Jia-Xu Chen
A 29-year-old farmer from central China was sent into the Emergency Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. He had a 15-day history of persistent high fever, abdominal distention and pain. The patient was clinically diagnosed as appendicitis and peritonitis, and treated with antibiotics in a local hospital, did not improve. On exploratory laparotomy, the appendicular perforation and peritonitis were seen; appendicectomy were performed, and antibiotics were given. However, high fever and abdominal pain still persisted; intestinal adhesion and obstruction, ascites appeared...
May 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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