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Infectious Diseases of Poverty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779491/trypanosoma-brucei-rhodesiense-infection-in-a-chinese-traveler-returning-from-the-serengeti-national-park-in-tanzania
#1
Qin Liu, Xiao-Ling Chen, Mu-Xin Chen, Han-Guo Xie, Qing Liu, Zhu-Yun Chen, Yao-Ying Lin, Hua Zheng, Jia-Xu Chen, Yi Zhang, Xiao-Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is one of the most complex parasitic diseases known to humankind. It usually occurs in endemic areas in Africa, but is occasionally detected in returning travelers and migrants in non-endemic countries. CASE PRESENTATION: In August 2017, a case of HAT was diagnosed in China in a traveler returning from the Masai Mara area in Kenya and the Serengeti area in Tanzania. The traveler visited Africa from 23 July to 5 August, 2017...
May 21, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773076/risk-factors-for-schistosomiasis-in-an-urban-area-in-northern-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#2
Richard K M'Bra, Brama Kone, Yapi G Yapi, Kigbafori D Silué, Ibrahima Sy, Danielle Vienneau, Nagnin Soro, Guéladio Cissé, Jürg Utzinger
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a water-based disease transmitted by trematodes belonging to the genus Schistosoma. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the prevalence of schistosomiasis and access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and environmental and socioeconomic factors in the city of Korhogo, northern Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including 728 randomly selected households was conducted in Korhogo in March 2015...
May 18, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769113/thinking-beyond-opisthorchis-viverrini-for-risk-of-cholangiocarcinoma-in-the-lower-mekong-region-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Jennifer A Steele, Carsten H Richter, Pierre Echaubard, Parichat Saenna, Virginia Stout, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Bruce A Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a fatal bile duct cancer associated with infection by the liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrini, in the lower Mekong region. Numerous public health interventions have focused on reducing exposure to O. viverrini, but incidence of CCA in the region remains high. While this may indicate the inefficacy of public health interventions due to complex social and cultural factors, it may further indicate other risk factors or interactions with the parasite are important in pathogenesis of CCA...
May 17, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764519/plasmodium-yoelii-infection-inhibits-murine-leukaemia-wehi-3-cell-proliferation-in-vivo-by-promoting-immune-responses
#4
Zhen-Zhen Tong, Zheng-Ming Fang, Qi Zhang, Yun Zhan, Yue Zhang, Wan-Fang Jiang, Xiao Hou, Yong-Long Li, Ting Wang
BACKGROUND: Leukaemia is a malignant leukocyte disorder with a high fatality rate, and current treatments for this disease are unsatisfactory. Therefore, new therapeutic strategies for leukaemia must be developed. Malaria parasite infection has been shown to be effective at combating certain neoplasms in animal experiments. This study is to demonstrate the anti-leukaemia activity of malaria parasite Plasmodium yoelii (P. yoelii) infection,. METHODS: In this study, the proportion of CD3, CD19, CD11b and Mac-3 cells was analysed by flow cytometry; the levels of IFN-γ and TNF-α in individual serum samples were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the phagocytic activity of macrophages and natural killer (NK) cell activity were measured by flow cytometry...
May 16, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759076/threats-of-zika-virus-transmission-for-asia-and-its-hindu-kush-himalayan-region
#5
Meghnath Dhimal, Sushma Dahal, Mandira Lamichhane Dhimal, Shiva Raj Mishra, Khem B Karki, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Ubydul Haque, Md Iqbal Kabir, Pradeep Guin, Azeem Mehmood Butt, Harapan Harapan, Qi-Yong Liu, Cordia Chu, Doreen Montag, David Alexander Groneberg, Basu Dev Pandey, Ulrich Kuch, Ruth Müller
Asia and its Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region is particularly vulnerable to environmental change, especially climate and land use changes further influenced by rapid population growth, high level of poverty and unsustainable development. Asia has been a hotspot of dengue fever and chikungunya mainly due to its dense human population, unplanned urbanization and poverty. In an urban cycle, dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV) are transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes which are also competent vectors of Zika virus (ZIKV)...
May 15, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754588/evaluating-seroprevalence-to-circumsporozoite-protein-to-estimate-exposure-to-three-species-of-plasmodium-in-the-brazilian-amazon
#6
Virginia Araujo Pereira, Juan Camilo Sánchez-Arcila, Mariana Pinheiro Alves Vasconcelos, Amanda Ribeiro Ferreira, Lorene de Souza Videira, Antonio Teva, Daiana Perce-da-Silva, Maria Teresa Queiroz Marques, Luzia Helena de Carvalho, Dalma Maria Banic, Luiz Cristóvão Sobrino Pôrto, Joseli Oliveira-Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Brazil has seen a great decline in malaria and the country is moving towards elimination. However, for eventual elimination, the control program needs efficient tools in order to monitor malaria exposure and transmission. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether seroprevalence to the circumsporozoite protein (CSP) is a good tool for monitoring the exposure to and/or evaluating the burden and distribution of Plasmodium species in the Brazilian Amazon. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted in a rural area of Porto Velho, Rondônia state...
May 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730989/identification-of-tick-borne-pathogen-diversity-by-metagenomic-analysis-in-haemaphysalis-longicornis-from-xinyang-china
#7
Lu Zhuang, Juan Du, Xiao-Ming Cui, Hao Li, Fang Tang, Pan-He Zhang, Jian-Gong Hu, Yi-Gang Tong, Zhi-Chun Feng, Wei Liu
BACKGROUND: A wide variety of pathogens could be maintained and transmitted by Haemaphysalis longicornis. The aim of this study is to systematically examine the variety of pathogens carried by Haemaphysalis longicornis, an importnatn vector, in tick-borne diseases epidemic area, and to estimate the risk of human infection imposed by tick bites. METHODS: Adult questing ticks were collected in Xinyang, central China. Genomic DNA and RNA were extracted from 144 H. longicornis ticks individually, and sequenced respectively as the templates for high-throughput sequencing...
May 7, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720274/aerobic-bacteria-associated-with-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-in-angola
#8
Fabian Uddén, Matuba Filipe, Åke Reimer, Maria Paul, Erika Matuschek, John Thegerström, Sven Hammerschmidt, Tuula Pelkonen, Kristian Riesbeck
BACKGROUND: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is an important cause of hearing loss in children and constitutes a serious health problem globally with a strong association to resource-limited living conditions. Topical antibiotics combined with aural toilet is the first-hand treatment for CSOM but antimicrobial resistance and limited availability to antibiotics are obstacles in some areas. The goal of this study was to define aerobic pathogens associated with CSOM in Angola with the overall aim to provide a background for local treatment recommendations...
May 3, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716658/a-case-report-of-spontaneous-abortion-caused-by-brucella-melitensis-biovar-3
#9
Hong-Xia Yang, Jun-Jun Feng, Qiu-Xiang Zhang, Rui-E Hao, Su-Xia Yao, Rong Zhao, Dong-Ri Piao, Bu-Yun Cui, Hai Jiang
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease caused by Brucella spp. Brucella invades the body through the skin mucosa, digestive tract, and respiratory tract. However, only a few studies on human spontaneous abortion attributable to Brucella have been reported. In this work, the patient living in Shanxi Province in China who had suffered a spontaneous abortion was underwent pathogen detection and Brucella melitensis biovar 3 was identified. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient in this study was 22 years old...
May 2, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706131/schistosomiasis-in-zambia-a-systematic-review-of-past-and-present-experiences
#10
Chester Kalinda, Moses J Chimbari, Samson Mukaratirwa
BACKGROUND: The speedy rate of change in the environmental and socio-economics factors may increase the incidence, prevalence and risk of schistosomiasis infections in Zambia. However, available information does not provide a comprehensive understanding of the biogeography and distribution of the disease, ecology and population dynamics of intermediate host snails. The current study used an information-theoretical approach to understand the biogeography and prevalence schistosomiasis and identified knowledge gaps that would be useful to improve policy towards surveillance and eradication of intermediate hosts snails in Zambia...
April 30, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704895/mobile-population-dynamics-and-malaria-vulnerability-a-modelling-study-in-the-china-myanmar-border-region-of-yunnan-province-china
#11
Tian-Mu Chen, Shao-Sen Zhang, Jun Feng, Zhi-Gui Xia, Chun-Hai Luo, Xu-Can Zeng, Xiang-Rui Guo, Zu-Rui Lin, Hong-Ning Zhou, Shui-Sen Zhou
BACKGROUND: The China-Myanmar border region presents a great challenge in malaria elimination in China, and it is essential to understand the relationship between malaria vulnerability and population mobility in this region. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional survey was performed in five villages of Yingjiang county during September 2016. Finger-prick blood samples were obtained to identify asymptomatic infections, and imported cases were identified in each village (between January 2013 and September 2016)...
April 29, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703243/re-emerging-lassa-fever-outbreaks-in-nigeria-re-enforcing-one-health-community-surveillance-and-emergency-response-practice
#12
LETTER
Ernest Tambo, Oluwasegun T Adetunde, Oluwasogo A Olalubi
We evaluated the impact of man-made conflict events and climate change impact in guiding evidence-based community "One Health" epidemiology and emergency response practice against re-/emerging epidemics. Increasing evidence of emerging and re-emerging zoonotic diseases including recent Lassa fever outbreaks in almost 20 states in Nigeria led to 101 deaths and 175 suspected and confirmed cases since August 2015. Of the 75 laboratory confirmed cases, 90 deaths occurred representing 120% laboratory-confirmed case fatality...
April 28, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699585/primary-pulmonary-amebic-abscess-in-a-patient-with-pulmonary-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report
#13
Yuan-Yuan Liu, Yue Ying, Chong Chen, Yue-Kai Hu, Fei-Fei Yang, Ling-Yun Shao, Xun-Jia Cheng, Yu-Xian Huang
BACKGROUND: Primary pulmonary amoeba is very rare and here we report a case of a 68-year-old man presenting with primary pulmonary amoeba after undergoing chemotherapy for lung adenocarcinoma. CASE PRESENTATION: In October 2016, the man aged 68 was admitted to our hospital because of repeated cough for 8 months and hemoptysis for 1 month. He was diagnosed lung adenocarcinoma and underwent surgery in 2012 without receiving chemotherapy. In March 2016, the patients suffered recurrence of cancer and was treated with chemotherapy...
April 27, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690932/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-body-mass-index-and-survival-in-hiv-infected-patients-with-and-without-tb-co-infection
#14
Kogieleum Naidoo, Nonhlanhla Yende-Zuma, Stanton Augustine
BACKGROUND: High early morbidity and mortality following antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation has been a distinguishing feature of ART programmes in resource limited settings (RLS) compared to high-income countries. This study assessed how well body mass index (BMI: kg/m2 ) correlated with survival among HIV infected patients with and without TB co-infection. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated clinical data from 1000 HIV infected patients, among whom 389 were also co-infected with TB, between January 2008 and December 2010, in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
April 25, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690913/distribution-of-plasmodium-spp-infection-in-asymptomatic-carriers-in-perennial-and-low-seasonal-malaria-transmission-settings-in-west-africa
#15
Constant G N Gbalégba, Hampâté Ba, Kigbafori D Silué, Ousmane Ba, Emmanuel Tia, Mouhamadou Chouaibou, Nathan T Y Tian-Bi, Grégoire Y Yapi, Brama Koné, Jürg Utzinger, Benjamin G Koudou
BACKGROUND: Since 2000, substantial progress has been made in reducing malaria worldwide. However, some countries in West Africa remain a hotspot for malaria with all age groups at risk. Asymptomatic carriers of Plasmodium spp. are important sources of infections for malaria vectors and thus contribute to the anchoring of the disease in favourable eco-epidemiological settings. The objective of this study was to assess the asymptomatic malaria case rates in Korhogo and Kaedi, two urban areas in northern Côte d'Ivoire and southern Mauritania, respectively...
April 25, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678200/correction-to-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-malaria-filariasis-and-intestinal-parasites-as-single-infections-or-co-infections-in-different-settlements-of-gabon-central-africa
#16
Noé Patrick M'bondoukwé, Eric Kendjo, Denise Patricia Mawili-Mboumba, Jeanne Vanessa Koumba Lengongo, Christelle Offouga Mbouoronde, Dieudonné Nkoghe, Fousseyni Touré, Marielle Karine Bouyou-Akotet
Unfortunately, the original article [1] contained some errors. The table title of Tables 4, 5, 6, 7 were interchanged by mistake and displayed incorrectly in the article. The correct table titles of Tables 4, 5, 6, 7 can be found below.
April 20, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642944/concomitant-visceral-and-localized-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-two-moroccan-infants
#17
Tarik Mouttaki, Hasnaa Maksouri, Jilali El Mabrouki, Gema Merino-Espinosa, Hassan Fellah, Mohamed Itri, Joaquina Martin-Sanchez, Maha Soussi-Abdallaoui, Soumiya Chiheb, Myriam Riyad
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniases are vector-borne diseases caused by the protozoa of the Leishmania genus. The clinical spectrum of these diseases extends from benign dermal lesions to visceral forms. In the Mediterranean region, zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL) is caused by L. infantum. If untreated within two years, the disease usually leads to death. In Morocco, ZVL is endemic in the north, with a hundred cases notified each year, mostly in children aged below five years. Here, we report on two clinical observations in infants presenting unusual concomitant VL and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Morocco...
April 12, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628017/snail-borne-parasitic-diseases-an-update-on-global-epidemiological-distribution-transmission-interruption-and-control-methods
#18
REVIEW
Xiao-Ting Lu, Qiu-Yun Gu, Yanin Limpanont, Lan-Gui Song, Zhong-Dao Wu, Kamolnetr Okanurak, Zhi-Yue Lv
BACKGROUND: Snail-borne parasitic diseases, such as angiostrongyliasis, clonorchiasis, fascioliasis, fasciolopsiasis, opisthorchiasis, paragonimiasis and schistosomiasis, pose risks to human health and cause major socioeconomic problems in many tropical and sub-tropical countries. In this review we summarize the core roles of snails in the life cycles of the parasites they host, their clinical manifestations and disease distributions, as well as snail control methods. MAIN BODY: Snails have four roles in the life cycles of the parasites they host: as an intermediate host infected by the first-stage larvae, as the only intermediate host infected by miracidia, as the first intermediate host that ingests the parasite eggs are ingested, and as the first intermediate host penetrated by miracidia with or without the second intermediate host being an aquatic animal...
April 9, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628019/impact-of-five-annual-rounds-of-mass-drug-administration-with-ivermectin-on-onchocerciasis-in-sierra-leone
#19
Joseph B Koroma, Santigie Sesay, Abdul Conteh, Benjamin Koudou, Jusufu Paye, Mohamed Bah, Mustapha Sonnie, Mary H Hodges, Yaobi Zhang, Moses J Bockarie
BACKGROUND: Onchocerciasis is endemic in 12 of the 14 health districts of Sierra Leone. Good treatment coverage of community-directed treatment with ivermectin was achieved between 2005 and 2009 after the 11-year civil conflict. Sentinel site surveys were conducted in 2010 to evaluate the impact of five annual rounds of ivermectin distribution. METHODS: In total, 39 sentinel villages from hyper- and meso-endemic areas across the 12 endemic districts were surveyed using skin snips in 2010...
April 6, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631621/postoperative-infection-caused-by-acinetobacter-baumannii-misdiagnosed-as-a-free-living-amoeba-species-in-a-humeral-head-hemiarthroplasty-patient-a-case-report
#20
Jiaxin Tang, Huaimin Zhu, Li Cai, Tingting Tang, Jian Tang, Yuehua Sun, Ming Liu, Kerong Dai, Zhiguang Qiao, Chao Yu
BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii is ubiquitous, facultative intracellular, and opportunistic bacterial pathogen. Its unique abilities allow it to survive in a diverse range of environments, including health care settings, leading to nosocomial infections. And its exceptional ability to develop resistance to multiple antibiotics leaves few drug options for treatment. It has been recognized as a leading cause of nosocomial pneumonia and bacteremia over the world. CASE PRESENTATION: In this case, a 73-year-old woman presented with a Neer Group VI proximal humeral fracture...
March 31, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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