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Infectious Diseases of Poverty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793922/comparison-of-novel-and-standard-diagnostic-tools-for-the-detection-of-schistosoma-mekongi-infection-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-and-cambodia
#1
Youthanavanh Vonghachack, Somphou Sayasone, Virak Khieu, Robert Bergquist, Govert J van Dam, Pytsje T Hoekstra, Paul L A M Corstjens, Beatrice Nickel, Hanspeter Marti, Jürg Utzinger, Sinuon Muth, Peter Odermatt
BACKGROUND: Given the restricted distribution of Schistosoma mekongi in one province in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) and two provinces in Cambodia, together with progress of the national control programmes aimed at reducing morbidity and infection prevalence, the elimination of schistosomiasis mekongi seems feasible. However, sensitive diagnostic tools will be required to determine whether elimination has been achieved. We compared several standard and novel diagnostic tools in S...
August 10, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780908/temporal-and-spatial-distribution-characteristics-in-the-natural-plague-foci-of-chinese-mongolian-gerbils-based-on-spatial-autocorrelation
#2
Hai-Wen Du, Yong Wang, Da-Fang Zhuang, Xiao-San Jiang
BACKGROUND: The nest flea index of Meriones unguiculatus is a critical indicator for the prevention and control of plague, which can be used not only to detect the spatial and temporal distributions of Meriones unguiculatus, but also to reveal its cluster rule. This research detected the temporal and spatial distribution characteristics of the plague natural foci of Mongolian gerbils by body flea index from 2005 to 2014, in order to predict plague outbreaks. METHODS: Global spatial autocorrelation was used to describe the entire spatial distribution pattern of the body flea index in the natural plague foci of typical Chinese Mongolian gerbils...
August 7, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768535/developing-a-comprehensive-response-for-treatment-of-children-under-6%C3%A2-years-of-age-with-schistosomiasis-research-and-development-of-a-pediatric-formulation-of-praziquantel
#3
Jutta Reinhard-Rupp, Katharina Klohe
Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by blood flukes. The disease is caused by an inflammatory reaction to parasite eggs retained in the liver, bladder and reproductive organs. According to 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) estimates 220 million people are potentially infected, from which probably 10% are children under 6 years of age. The regular treatment approach of a single, oral dose of 40 mg/kg body weight with praziquantel however, is difficult for children under the age of 6, leaving them without a treatment option...
August 3, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764747/dengue-specific-serotype-related-to-clinical-severity-during-the-2012-2013-epidemic-in-centre-of-brazil
#4
Benigno A M Rocha, Adriana O Guilarde, Angela F L T Argolo, Marianna Peres Tassara, Lucimeire A da Silveira, Isabela C Junqueira, Marília D Turchi, Valéria C R Féres, Celina M T Martelli
Please see Additional file 1 for translations of the abstract into the five official working languages of the United Nations. BACKGROUND: Currently, in Brazil, there is a co-circulation of the four dengue (DENV-1 to DENV-4) serotypes. This study aimed to assess whether different serotypes and antibody response patterns were associated with the severity of the disease during a dengue outbreak, which occurred in 2012/2013 in centre of Brazil. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study with 452 patients with laboratory confirmed dengue in central Brazil, from January 2012 to July 2013...
August 2, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760158/comparative-evaluation-of-a-rapid-diagnostic-test-an-antibody-elisa-and-a-pldh-elisa-in-detecting-asymptomatic-malaria-parasitaemia-in-blood-donors-in-buea-cameroon
#5
Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti, Longdoh Anna Njunda, Beltine Tsamul, Shey Dickson Nsagha, Nguedia Jules-Clement Assob, Kukwah Anthony Tufon, Dilonga Henry Meriki, Enow George Orock
BACKGROUND: In malaria endemic areas, infected blood donors serve as a source of infection to blood recipients, which may adversely affect their prognosis. This necessitates the proper screening of blood to be used for transfusion in these areas. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of malaria parasitaemia in blood donors in Buea, Cameroon, and to evaluate the performance of a rapid diagnostic test (RDT), a malaria antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and a Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) ELISA in the detection of asymptomatic malaria parasitaemia in the target population...
August 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705233/erratum-to-detection-of-schistosoma-antibodies-and-exploration-of-associated-factors-among-local-residents-around-inlay-lake-southern-shan-state-myanmar
#6
Htin Zaw Soe, Cho Cho Oo, Tin Ohn Myat, Nay Soe Maung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679422/prevalence-of-diarrhoea-and-risk-factors-among-children-under-five-years-old-in-mbour-senegal-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Sokhna Thiam, Aminata N Diène, Samuel Fuhrimann, Mirko S Winkler, Ibrahima Sy, Jacques A Ndione, Christian Schindler, Penelope Vounatsou, Jürg Utzinger, Ousmane Faye, Guéladio Cissé
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoeal diseases remain an important cause of mortality and morbidity among children, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. In Senegal, diarrhoea is responsible for 15% of all deaths in children under the age of five and is the third leading cause of childhood deaths. For targeted planning and implementation of prevention strategies, a context-specific understanding of the determinants of diarrhoeal diseases is needed. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of diarrhoeal diseases in children under the age of five in Mbour, Senegal...
July 6, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679420/risk-assessment-of-malaria-transmission-at-the-border-area-of-china-and-myanmar
#8
Benyun Shi, Jinxin Zheng, Hongjun Qiu, Guo-Jing Yang, Shang Xia, Xiao-Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: In order to achieve the goal of malaria elimination, the Chinese government launched the National Malaria Elimination Programme in 2010. However, as a result of increasing cross-border population movements, the risk of imported malaria cases still exists at the border areas of China, resulting in a potential threat of local transmission. The focus of this paper is to assess the Plasmodium vivax incidences in Tengchong, Yunnan Province, at the border areas of China and Myanmar...
July 6, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676127/bites-from-the-same-dog-different-outcomes-for-two-patients-a-case-report
#9
Xue-Yong Huang, Xing-Le Li, Shu-Yu Wu, Yu-Lei Gu, Xin-Jun Lv, John David Klena, Bian-Li Xu
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a serious reemerging zoonosis in China. At present human rabies cases are primarily diagnosed based on clinical presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: In August 2012, a woman and her son were attacked by a stray dog in Henan, China. The son received rabies postexposure prophylaxis (wound treatment followed by vaccine, no immunoglobulin), however, the mother did not. Rabies infection was subsequently laboratory confirmed in the mother and she died in December; her son is alive and healthy after 2 years of follow-up...
July 5, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676077/malaria-among-rice-farming-communities-in-kilangali-village-kilosa-district-central-tanzania-prevalence-intensity-and-associated-factors
#10
Humphrey D Mazigo, Susan F Rumisha, Mercy G Chiduo, Veneranda M Bwana, Leonard E G Mboera
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in Tanzania. However, its prevalence varies from area to area depending on various ecological, socio-economic and health system factors. This study was carried out to determine malaria prevalence and associated factors among rice farming communities in the Kilangali village of Kilosa District in Central Tanzania. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in May 2015, involving randomly selected persons living in the six sub-villages of the Kilangali village, namely Mlegeni, Kisiwani, Makuruwili, Kwamtunga, Upogoroni and Chamwino...
July 5, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673359/determinants-of-treatment-completion-among-rural-smear-positive-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-a-cross-sectional-survey-conducted-in-south-western-uganda
#11
Edgar Mugema Mulogo, Christopher Nahabwe, Fred Bagenda, Vincent Batwala
BACKGROUND: Treatment completion among tuberculosis patients remains low across various regions of Uganda, despite implementation of directly observed treatment short course. This study evaluated the determinants of treatment completion in a rural health sub-district of south western Uganda. METHODS: In April 2012, health facility records were reviewed to identify tuberculosis patients who had been initiated on treatment between June 2008 and May 2011, in Rwampara Health Sub-District, south-western Uganda...
July 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673329/experience-and-lessons-from-health-impact-assessment-guiding-prevention-and-control-of-hiv-aids-in-a-copper-mine-project-northwestern-zambia
#12
Astrid M Knoblauch, Mark J Divall, Milka Owuor, Kennedy Nduna, Harrison Ng'uni, Gertrude Musunka, Anna Pascall, Jürg Utzinger, Mirko S Winkler
BACKGROUND: To avoid or mitigate potential project-related adverse health effects, the Trident copper project in Kalumbila, northwestern Zambia, commissioned a health impact assessment. HIV was identified a priority health issue based on the local vulnerability to HIV transmission and experience from other mining projects in Africa. Hence, an HIV/AIDS management plan was developed, including community and workplace interventions, with HIV testing and counselling (HTC) being one of the key components...
July 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669354/epidemic-of-wild-origin-h1nx-avian-influenza-viruses-in-anhui-china
#13
Ye Ge, Qiu-Cheng Yao, Xian-Fu Wang, Zhi-Qiang Fan, Guo-Hua Deng, Hong-Liang Chai, Hua-Lan Chen, Yu-Ping Hua
BACKGROUND: As the natural hosts of avian influenza viruses (AIVs), aquatic and migratory birds provide a gene pool for genetic transfer among species and across species, forming transient "genome constellations." This work describes the phylogenetic dynamics of H1NX based on the complete molecular characterization of eight genes of viruses that were collected from 2014 to 2015 in Anhui Province, China. METHODS: Hemagglutination and hemagglutination inhibition tests were used to determine the hemagglutination (HA) activity of the HA subtypes...
July 3, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669350/why-more-research-needs-to-be-done-on-echinococcosis-in-pakistan
#14
LETTER
Haroon Ahmed, Shahzad Ali, Muhammad Sohail Afzal, Abid Ali Khan, Hamid Raza, Zaheer Hussain Shah, Sami Simsek
BACKGROUND: Echinococcosis has a worldwide geographical distribution with endemic foci on every inhabited continent. Due to the frequent outbreaks in different parts of Pakistan in the recent past, echinococcosis is being described as a neglected tropical disease and is considered one of the most neglected parasitic diseases in the country. In endemic regions, predominantly settings with limited resources, there are high numbers of echinococcosis patients, as these communities do not have access to appropriate treatment...
July 3, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655340/hiv-care-seeking-behaviour-after-hiv-self-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-beijing-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Xian-Long Ren, Zun-You Wu, Guo-Dong Mi, Jennifer M McGoogan, Ke-Ming Rou, Yan Zhao, Nanci Zhang
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) has become the group with the fastest growing HIV epidemic in China. Since many Chinese MSM are conducting HIV self-testing, we aimed to determine the rate of HIV care seeking after self-testing, examine characteristics of "seekers" compared to "non-seekers," and explore factors associated with HIV care-seeking behaviour. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used and an online survey was conducted in Beijing, China in 2016, among users of a popular Chinese gay networking smart phone application...
June 28, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655333/deworming-of-stray-dogs-and-wild-canines-with-praziquantel-laced-baits-delivered-by-an-unmanned-aerial-vehicle-in-areas-highly-endemic-for-echinococcosis-in-china
#16
Qing Yu, Ning Xiao, Shi-Jie Yang, Shuai Han
BACKGROUND: Canines, the definitive hosts for the parasites causing alveolar (AE) and cystic echinococcosis (CE), are the main source of this infections playing the key role in the transmission. The ten-year mortality rate of AE is extremely high (94%) if the patients are not given sustained treatment. The aim of this field study is to explore the possibility of delivery of praziquantel-laced baits using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) aimed at deworming wild canines in the endemic areas...
June 27, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637484/seasonal-and-geographical-distribution-of-bacillary-dysentery-shigellosis-and-associated-climate-risk-factors-in-kon-tam-province-in-vietnam-from-1999-to-2013
#17
Hu Suk Lee, T T Ha Hoang, Phuc Pham-Duc, Mihye Lee, Delia Grace, Dac Cam Phung, Vu Minh Thuc, Hung Nguyen-Viet
BACKGROUND: Bacillary dysentery (BD) is an acute bacterial infection of the intestine caused by Shigella spp., with clinical symptoms ranging from fever to bloody diarrhoea to abdominal cramps to tenesmus. In Vietnam, enteric bacterial pathogens are an important cause of diarrhoea and most cases in children under 5 years of age are due to Shigella strains. The serogroups S. flexneri and S. sonnei are considered to be the most common. The main objective of this study was to, for the first time, assess the seasonal patterns and geographic distribution of BD in Vietnam, and to determine the climate risk factors associated with the incidence of BD in Kon Tum Province, where the highest rate of bacillary dysentery was observed from 1999 to 2013...
June 21, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629405/erratum-to-comparative-evaluation-of-the-diagnosis-reporting-and-investigation-of-malaria-cases-in-china-2005-2014-transition-from-control-to-elimination-for-the-national-malaria-programme
#18
Jun-Ling Sun, Sheng Zhou, Qi-Bin Geng, Qian Zhang, Zi-Ke Zhang, Can-Jun Zheng, Wen-Biao Hu, Archie C A Clements, Sheng-Jie Lai, Zhong-Jie Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622767/praziquantel-decreases-fecundity-in-schistosoma-mansoni-adult-worms-that-survive-treatment-evidence-from-a-laboratory-life-history-trade-offs-selection-study
#19
Poppy H L Lamberton, Christina L Faust, Joanne P Webster
BACKGROUND: Mass drug administration of praziquantel is the World Health Organization's endorsed control strategy for schistosomiasis. A decade of annual treatments across sub-Saharan Africa has resulted in significant reductions of infection prevalence and intensity levels, although 'hotspots' remain. Repeated drug treatments place strong selective pressures on parasites, which may affect life-history traits that impact transmission dynamics. Understanding drug treatment responses and the evolution of such traits can help inform on how to minimise the risk of drug resistance developing, maximise sustainable control programme success, and improve diagnostic protocols...
June 16, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595653/habitat-productivity-and-pyrethroid-susceptibility-status-of-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#20
Leah Mathias, Vito Baraka, Anitha Philbert, Ester Innocent, Filbert Francis, Gamba Nkwengulila, Eliningaya J Kweka
BACKGROUND: Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) is the main vector of the dengue virus globally. Dengue vector control is mainly based on reducing the vector population through interventions, which target potential breeding sites. However, in Tanzania, little is known about this vector's habitat productivity and insecticide susceptibility status to support evidence-based implementation of control measures. The present study aimed at assessing the productivity and susceptibility status of A...
June 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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