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Infectious Diseases of Poverty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490345/post-2015-why-delay-to-seek-healthcare-perceptions-and-field-experiences-from-tb-healthcare-providers-in-northern-malawi-a-qualitative-study
#1
Nathan B W Chimbatata, Chang-Ming Zhou, Chikondi M Chimbatata, Biao Xu
BACKGROUND: Malawi is a low-income country with high Tuberculosis (TB) burden. TB diagnosis delay and untimely initiation of treatment is still a major problem in Malawi which could increase the risk of tuberculosis transmission in the communities. This study investigated factors related to the diagnostic delay of tuberculosis from TB healthcare providers in the northern region of Malawi. METHODS: Nine focus group discussions were conducted with 57 participants in total...
May 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486978/rebuilding-transformation-strategies-in-post-ebola-epidemics-in-africa
#2
LETTER
Ernest Tambo, Chryseis F Chengho, Chidiebere E Ugwu, Isatta Wurie, Jeannetta K Jonhson, Jeanne Y Ngogang
Rebuilding transformation strategies in post-Ebola epidemics in West Africa requires long-term surveillance and strengthening health system preparedness to disease outbreak. This paper assesses reconstruction efforts from socio-cultural, economic and ecological transformation response approaches and strategies in improving sustainable survivors and affected communities livelihood and wellbeing. A comprehensive approach is required in the recovery and rebuilding processes. Investing in rebuilding transformation requires fostering evidence-based and effective engaging new investors partnership strengthening, financing community-based programmes ownership, novel socio-economic innovations strategies and tools against the evolving and future Ebola epidemics...
May 10, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482918/detection-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-chicken-and-soil-of-chicken-farms-in-nanjing-region-china
#3
Xin-Chao Liu, Yu He, Deng-Ge Han, Zhen-Chao Zhang, Ke Li, Shuai Wang, Li-Xin Xu, Ruo-Feng Yan, Xiang-Rui Li
BACKGROUND: Soil is increasingly recognized as an important source in the transmission of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of T. gondii in the soil and to grasp the relationships between the contamination of soil and chicken infections. METHODS: PCR method based on T. gondii-conserved gene internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS-1) as target gene and ELISA method (sGRA8-ELISA) using the recombinant protein of shortened GRA8 gene of T...
May 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478763/molecular-phylogeny-of-anopheles-hyrcanus-group-diptera-culicidae-based-on-mtdna-coi
#4
Yuan Fang, Wen-Qi Shi, Yi Zhang
BACKGROUND: The Anopheles hyrcanus group, which includes at least 25 species, is widely distributed in the Oriental and Palearctic regions. Some group members have been incriminated as vectors of malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases. It is difficult to identify Hyrcanus Group members by morphological features. Thus, molecular phylogeny has been proposed as an important complementary method to traditional morphological taxonomy. METHODS: Based on the GenBank database and our original study data, we used 466 mitochondrial DNA COI sequences belonging to 18 species to reconstruct the molecular phylogeny of the Hyrcanus Group across its worldwide geographic range...
May 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472981/infectious-diseases-of-poverty-the-first-five-years
#5
EDITORIAL
Wei Wang, Jin Chen, Hui-Feng Sheng, Na-Na Wang, Pin Yang, Xiao-Nong Zhou, Robert Bergquist
Although the focus in the area of health research may be shifting from infectious to non-communicable diseases, the infectious diseases of poverty remain a major burden of disease of global health concern. A global platform to communicate and share the research on these diseases is needed to facilitate the translation of knowledge into effective approaches and tools for their elimination. Based on the "One health, One world" mission, a new, open-access journal, Infectious Diseases of Poverty (IDP), was launched by BioMed Central in partnership with the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases (NIPD), Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC) on October 25, 2012...
May 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468685/a-neglected-risk-for-sparganosis-eating-live-tadpoles-in-central-china
#6
Jing Cui, Ye Wang, Xi Zhang, Xi-Meng Lin, Hong-Wei Zhang, Zhong-Quan Wang, Jia-Xu Chen
A 29-year-old farmer from central China was sent into the Emergency Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. He had a 15-day history of persistent high fever, abdominal distention and pain. The patient was clinically diagnosed as appendicitis and peritonitis, and treated with antibiotics in a local hospital, did not improve. On exploratory laparotomy, the appendicular perforation and peritonitis were seen; appendicectomy were performed, and antibiotics were given. However, high fever and abdominal pain still persisted; intestinal adhesion and obstruction, ascites appeared...
May 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468667/dynamics-of-freshwater-snails-and-schistosoma-infection-prevalence-in-schoolchildren-during-the-construction-and-operation-of-a-multipurpose-dam-in-central-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#7
Nana R Diakité, Mirko S Winkler, Jean T Coulibaly, Négnorogo Guindo-Coulibaly, Jürg Utzinger, Eliézer K N'Goran
BACKGROUND: The construction and operation of small multipurpose dams in Africa have a history of altering the transmission of water-based diseases, including schistosomiasis. The current study was designed to investigate the abundance and dynamics of schistosomiasis intermediate host snails and Schistosoma infections in humans during the construction and the first years of operation of a small multipurpose dam in Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: The study was carried out in Raffierkro and four neighbouring villages in central Côte d'Ivoire between 2007 and 2012...
May 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464914/efficacy-of-radiotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-cystic-echinococcosis-in-naturally-infected-sheep
#8
Rui Mao, Wen-Bao Zhang, Hong-Zhi Qi, Tao Jiang, Ge Wu, Peng-Fei Lu, Abudula Ainiwaer, Ge Shang, Lin Xu, Jie Hao, Xi Shou, Hai-Tao Li, Jun Li, Song-An Zhang, Yong-Xing Bao, Hao Wen
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy is commonly used to treat cancers. To date, there has been no study focusing on the effects of radiotherapy on hydatid disease in large animals. In this study, we aim to investigate the efficiency and safety of radiotherapy for treating hydatid disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus in naturally infected sheep. METHODS: Ultrasound was used to screen naturally infected sheep in an echinococcosis endemic area in Xinjiang, China. A computer tomography (CT) scan confirmed the presence of hydatid cysts...
May 3, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460642/multi-locus-variable-number-tandem-repeat-analysis-of-chinese-brucella-strains-isolated-from-1953-to-2013
#9
Guo-Zhong Tian, Bu-Yun Cui, Dong-Ri Piao, Hong-Yan Zhao, Lan-Yu Li, Xi Liu, Pei Xiao, Zhong-Zhi Zhao, Li-Qing Xu, Hai Jiang, Zhen-Jun Li
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis was a common human and livestock disease caused by Brucella strains, the category B priority pathogens by the US Center for Disease Control (CDC). Identified as a priority disease in human and livestock populations, the increasing incidence in recent years in China needs urgent control measures for this disease but the molecular background important for monitoring the epidemiology of Brucella strains at the national level is still lacking. METHODS: A total of 600 Brucella isolates collected during 60 years (from 1953 to 2013) in China were genotyped by multiple locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) and the variation degree of MLVA11 loci was calculated by the Hunter Gaston Diversity Index (HGDI) values...
May 2, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457230/effect-of-temperature-on-the-bulinus-globosus-schistosoma-haematobium-system
#10
Chester Kalinda, Moses J Chimbari, Samson Mukaratirwa
BACKGROUND: Given that increase in temperature may alter host-parasite relationships, the anticipated rise in temperature due to global warming might change transmission patterns of certain diseases. However, the extent to which this will happen is not well understood. METHODS: Using a host-parasite system involving Bulinus globosus and Schistosoma haematobium, we assessed the effect of temperature on snail fecundity, growth, survival and parasite development under laboratory conditions...
May 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457229/correlation-between-therapy-and-lipid-profile-of-leprosy-patients-is-there-a-higher-risk-for-developing-cardiovascular-diseases-after-treatment
#11
Rosalba V G Silva, Rafael S de Araújo, Tinara L S Aarão, Paulo Diovanne da Silva Costa, Jorge R Sousa, Juarez A S Quaresma
BACKGROUND: The impact of leprosy reduces health-related quality of life of affected patients, interfering with different factors such as nutrition. This study investigated the lipid profile, nutritional status, and risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients who underwent leprosy treatment in Brazil. METHODS: Eighty-four adult patients of both genders ranging in age from 20 to 60 years and diagnosed with paucibacillary (PB) or multibacillary (MB) leprosy were selected after undergoing multidrug treatment...
May 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457226/commentary-restarting-ntd-programme-activities-after-the-ebola-outbreak-in-liberia
#12
Brent C Thomas, Karsor Kollie, Benjamin Koudou, Charles Mackenzie
It is widely known that the recent Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa caused a serious disruption to the national health system, with many of ongoing disease focused programmes, such as mass drug administration (MDA) for onchocerciasis (ONC), lymphatic filariasis (LF) and schistosomiasis (SCH), being suspended or scaled-down. As these MDA programmes attempt to restart post-EVD it is important to understand the challenges that may be encountered. This commentary addresses the opinions of the major health sectors involved, as well as those of community members, regarding logistic needs and challenges faced as these important public health programmes consider restarting...
May 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446227/pattern-analysis-of-schistosomiasis-prevalence-by-exploring-predictive-modeling-in-jiangling-county-hubei-province-p-r-china
#13
Shang Xia, Jing-Bo Xue, Xia Zhang, He-Hua Hu, Eniola Michael Abe, David Rollinson, Robert Bergquist, Yibiao Zhou, Shi-Zhu Li, Xiao-Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of schistosomiasis remains a key public health issue in China. Jiangling County in Hubei Province is a typical lake and marshland endemic area. The pattern analysis of schistosomiasis prevalence in Jiangling County is of significant importance for promoting schistosomiasis surveillance and control in the similar endemic areas. METHODS: The dataset was constructed based on the annual schistosomiasis surveillance as well the socio-economic data in Jiangling County covering the years from 2009 to 2013...
April 26, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438218/malaria-elimination-in-lao-pdr-the-challenges-associated-with-population-mobility
#14
REVIEW
Sengchanh Kounnavong, Deyer Gopinath, Bouasy Hongvanthong, Chanthalone Khamkong, Odai Sichanthongthip
Although the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is comparatively small landlocked country with patterns of both in- and out-migration, its human migration situation has been poorly studied. This is despite all of the country's 18 provinces sharing both official and unofficial border checkpoints with neighboring countries. Economic reforms in the last decade have seen a gradual increase in the promotion of foreign investment, and main towns and transportation networks have been expanding thus offering new opportunities for livelihoods and economic activities...
April 25, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438194/malaria-profiles-and-challenges-in-artemisinin-resistance-containment-in-myanmar
#15
Thet Wai Nwe, Tin Oo, Khin Thet Wai, Shuisen Zhou, Johan van Griensven, Palanivel Chinnakali, Safieh Shah, Aung Thi
BACKGROUND: This study examined evolving malaria profiles from January, 2010 to December, 2014 to evaluate achievements and challenges of implementing measures to prevent and control spread of artemisinin resistance in Myanmar. METHODS: Using National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) data, a cross-sectional descriptive study of 52 townships in artemisinin-resistant containment areas in Myanmar was conducted. Annual program data were analysed, and trends over time are graphically presented...
April 25, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434402/implementing-the-communication-for-development-strategy-to-improve-knowledge-and-coverage-of-measles-vaccination-in-western-chinese-immunization-programs-a-before-and-after-evaluation
#16
Ming Lu, Yao-Zhu Chu, Wen-Zhou Yu, Robert Scherpbier, Yu-Qing Zhou, Xu Zhu, Qi-Ru Su, Meng-Juan Duan, Xuan Zhang, Fu-Qiang Cui, Hua-Qing Wang, Yi-Biao Zhou, Qing-Wu Jiang
BACKGROUND: Communication for Development (C4D) is a strategy promoted by the United Nations Children's Fund to foster positive and measurable changes at the individual, family, community, social, and policy levels of society. In western China, C4D activities have previously been conducted as part of province-level immunization programs. In this study, we evaluated the association of C4D with changes in parental knowledge of immunization services, measles disease, and measles vaccine, and changes in their children's measles vaccine coverage...
April 24, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416001/assessing-environmental-factors-associated-with-regional-schistosomiasis-prevalence-in-anhui-province-peoples-republic-of-china-using-a-geographical-detector-method
#17
Yi Hu, Congcong Xia, Shizhu Li, Michael P Ward, Can Luo, Fenghua Gao, Qizhi Wang, Shiqing Zhang, Zhijie Zhang
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a water-borne disease caused by trematode worms belonging to genus Schistosoma, which is prevalent most of the developing world. Transmission of the disease is usually associated with multiple biological characteristics and social factors but also factors can play a role. Few studies have assessed the exact and interactive influence of each factor promoting schistosomiasis transmission. METHODS: We used a series of different detectors (i...
April 17, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407808/nested-pcr-assay-for-detection-of-schistosoma-japonicum-infection-in-domestic-animals
#18
Xin Zhang, Chuan-Chuan He, Jin-Ming Liu, Hao Li, Ke Lu, Zhi-Qiang Fu, Chuan-Gang Zhu, Yi-Ping Liu, Lai-Bao Tong, De-Bao Zhou, Li Zha, Yang Hong, Ya-Mei Jin, Jiao-Jiao Lin
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis japonica is a common zoonosis. Domestic animals are the primary source of infection and play an important role in disease transmission. The prevalence and infectivity of this disease in domestic animals in China have significantly decreased and, for this reason, diagnostics with a higher sensitivity have become increasingly necessary. It was reported that polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods could be used to detect schistosome infection in humans and animals and presented a high sensitivity and specificity...
April 13, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388965/a-novel-colloidal-gold-immunochromatography-assay-strip-for-the-diagnosis-of-schistosomiasis-japonica-in-domestic-animals
#19
Rui Xu, Jintao Feng, Yang Hong, Chao Lv, Dengyun Zhao, Jiaojiao Lin, Ke Lu, Hao Li, Jinming Liu, Xiaodan Cao, Tao Wang, Jinli Zai, Zhaozhe Wang, Bingguang Jia, Qian Han, Chuangang Zhu
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis remains a major public health concern in China and an epidemiological survey has revealed that schistosome-infected bovines and goats are the main transmission sources for the disease. Therefore, development of a sensitive technique for the diagnosis of schistosomiasis in domestic animals is necessary. METHOD: A novel colloidal gold immunochromatography assay (GICA) strip was developed for detecting Schistosoma japonicum in domestic animals...
April 7, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388940/putting-the-treatment-of-paediatric-schistosomiasis-into-context
#20
REVIEW
Takafira Mduluza, Francisca Mutapi
Despite increased international efforts to control schistosomiasis using preventive chemotherapy, several challenges still exist in reaching the target populations. Until recently, preschool-aged children had been excluded from the recommended target population for mass drug administration, i.e. primary school children aged 6-15 years. Our studies and those of others provided the evidence base for the need to treat preschool-aged children that led to recommendations by the World Health Organization to include preschool-aged children in treatment programmes in 2010...
April 7, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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