journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infectious Diseases of Poverty

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088239/towards-interruption-of-schistosomiasis-transmission-in-sub-saharan-africa-developing-an-appropriate-environmental-surveillance-framework-to-guide-and-to-support-end-game-interventions
#1
REVIEW
J Russell Stothard, Suzy J Campbell, Mike Y Osei-Atweneboana, Timothy Durant, Michelle C Stanton, Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum, David Rollinson, Dieudonné R Eloundou Ombede, Louis-Albert Tchuem-Tchuenté
Schistosomiasis is a waterborne parasitic disease in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly common in rural populations living in impoverished conditions. With the scale-up of preventive chemotherapy, national campaigns will transition from morbidity- to transmission-focused interventions thus formal investigation of actual or expected declines in environmental transmission is needed as 'end game' scenarios arise. Surprisingly, there are no international or national guidelines to do so in sub-Saharan Africa. Our article therefore provides an introduction to key practicalities and pitfalls in the development of an appropriate environmental surveillance framework...
January 14, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081711/the-association-between-malaria-and-malnutrition-among-under-five-children-in-shashogo-district-southern-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#2
Terefe Gone, Fiseha Lemango, Endale Eliso, Samuel Yohannes, Tadele Yohannes
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have presented conflicting findings about whether malaria is associated with an increased or decreased risk of malnutrition. Therefore, assessing the relationship between these two disastrous diseases in the most vulnerable groups, such as in children aged below 5 years (under-five children), may lead to the discovery of new low-cost and effective aides to current methods of malnutrition prevention in malaria-endemic areas. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the relationship between malaria and malnutrition among under five children in an area with a high degree of malaria transmission...
January 13, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086955/evaluation-of-the-xpert%C3%A2-mtb-rif-assay-and-microscopy-for-the-diagnosis-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-namibia
#3
Rooyen T Mavenyengwa, Emma Shaduka, Innocent Maposa
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) kills approximately two million people and infects around nine million worldwide annually. Its proper management, especially in resource-limited settings, has been hindered by the lack of rapid and easy-to-use diagnostic tests. Sputum smear microscopy remains the cheapest, readily available diagnostic method but it only identifies less than half of the patients with a HIV/TB co-infection because the bacilli would have disseminated from the lungs to other areas of the body...
January 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069075/domestic-trends-in-malaria-research-and-development-in-china-and-its-global-influence
#4
Yang-Mu Huang, Lu-Wen Shi, Rui She, Jing Bai, Shi-Yong Jiao, Yan Guo
BACKGROUND: Though many countries, including China, are moving towards malaria elimination, malaria remains a major global health threat. Due to the spread of antimalarial drug resistance and the need for innovative medical products during the elimination phase, further research and development (R&D) of innovative tools in both epidemic and elimination areas is needed. This study aims to identify the trends and gaps in malaria R&D in China, and aims to offer suggestions on how China can be more effectively involved in global malaria R&D...
January 10, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003016/stochastic-modelling-of-infectious-diseases-for-heterogeneous-populations
#5
Rui-Xing Ming, Ji-Ming Liu, William K W Cheung, Xiang Wan
BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases such as SARS and H1N1 can significantly impact people's lives and cause severe social and economic damages. Recent outbreaks have stressed the urgency of effective research on the dynamics of infectious disease spread. However, it is difficult to predict when and where outbreaks may emerge and how infectious diseases spread because many factors affect their transmission, and some of them may be unknown. METHODS: One feasible means to promptly detect an outbreak and track the progress of disease spread is to implement surveillance systems in regional or national health and medical centres...
December 22, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955687/decline-in-transmission-of-schistosomiasis-mansoni-in-oman
#6
Idris Al Abaidani, Seif Al-Abri, Mahmoud Shaban, Satish L Ghugey, Salem Al Kathery, Khalid Al-Mashikhi, Amadou Garba, Albis Francesco Gabrielli
BACKGROUND: Intestinal schistosomiasis due to Schistosoma mansoni was first reported in Oman in 1979. We describe the trend in parasitological and serological prevalence of human infection with S. mansoni in the endemic area over the period 1982-2014, and the compliance of data generated by the national monitoring and evaluation system with schistosomiasis elimination criteria set by the Ministry of Health of Oman. METHODS: Parasitological and serological assessments were carried out on population (mainly children) living in the area at risk for schistosomiasis in Dhofar, the country's only endemic Governorate, for a period of over 30 years...
December 12, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919284/can-baseline-ml-flow-test-results-predict-leprosy-reactions-an-investigation-in-a-cohort-of-patients-enrolled-in-the-uniform-multidrug-therapy-clinical-trial-for-leprosy-patients-in-brazil
#7
Emerith Mayra Hungria, Regiane Morillas Oliveira, Gerson Oliveira Penna, Lúcio Cartaxo Aderaldo, Maria Araci de Andrade Pontes, Rossilene Cruz, Heitor de Sá Gonçalves, Maria Lúcia Fernandes Penna, Ligia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr, Mariane Martins de Araújo Stefani, Samira Bührer-Sékula
BACKGROUND: The predictive value of the serology to detection of IgM against the Mycobacterium leprae-derived phenolic glycolipid-I/PGL-I to identify leprosy patients who are at higher risk of developing reactions remains controversial. Whether baseline results of the ML Flow test can predict leprosy reactions was investigated among a cohort of patients enrolled in The Clinical Trial for Uniform Multidrug Therapy for Leprosy Patients in Brazil (U-MDT/CT-BR). METHODS: This was a descriptive study focusing on the main clinical manifestations of leprosy patients enrolled in the U-MDT/CT-BR from March 2007 to February 2012 at two Brazilian leprosy reference centers...
December 6, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915999/predictors-of-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-tuberculosis-hiv-co-infected-patients-in-southwest-ethiopia
#8
Hailay Gesesew, Birtukan Tsehayneh, Desalegn Massa, Amanuel Gebremedhin, Hafte Kahsay, Lillian Mwanri
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis/HIV co-infection is a bidirectional and synergistic combination of two very important pathogens in public health. To date, there have been limited clinical data regarding mortality rates among tuberculosis/HIV co-infected patients and the impact of antiretroviral therapy on clinical outcomes in Ethiopia. This study assessed the incidence and predictors of tuberculosis/HIV co-infection mortality in Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study collated tuberculosis/HIV data from Jimma University Teaching Hospital for the period of September 2010 and August 2012...
December 5, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903305/priorities-and-needs-for-research-on-urban-interventions-targeting-vector-borne-diseases-rapid-review-of-scoping-and-systematic-reviews
#9
EDITORIAL
Clara Bermudez-Tamayo, Olive Mukamana, Mabel Carabali, Lyda Osorio, Florence Fournet, Kounbobr Roch Dabiré, Celina Turchi Marteli, Adolfo Contreras, Valéry Ridde
This paper highlights the critical importance of evidence on vector-borne diseases (VBD) prevention and control interventions in urban settings when assessing current and future needs, with a view to setting policy priorities that promote inclusive and equitable urban health services. Research should produce knowledge about policies and interventions that are intended to control and prevent VBDs at the population level and to reduce inequities. Such interventions include policy, program, and resource distribution approaches that address the social determinants of health and exert influence at organizational and system levels...
December 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903304/association-between-taenia-solium-infection-and-hiv-aids-in-northern-tanzania-a-matched-cross-sectional-study
#10
Veronika Schmidt, Christian Kositz, Karl-Heinz Herbinger, Hélène Carabin, Bernard Ngowi, Ezra Naman, Patricia P Wilkins, John Noh, William Matuja, Andrea Sylvia Winkler
BACKGROUND: The frequency of Taenia solium, a zoonotic helminth, is increasing in many countries of sub-Saharan Africa, where the prevalence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is also high. However, little is known about how these two infections interact. The aim of this study was to compare the proportion of HIV positive (+) and negative (-) individuals who are infected with Taenia solium (TSOL) and who present with clinical and neurological manifestations of cysticercosis (CC)...
December 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903303/associated-factors-of-self-reported-psychopathology-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-with-hiv-aids-in-dalian-china-a-pilot-study
#11
Tesfaldet Habtemariam Hidru, Feng Wang, Sainyugu Lolokote, Yong Jia, Min Chen, Wei Tong, Xiao-Feng Li
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART), the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among HIV-positive men who have sex with men (HIVMSM) in China remains poor. This study aimed to explore the relationship between self-reported psychopathology and HRQoL among HIVMSM in Dalian, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 112 HIVMSM. Symptom check list 90 (SCL 90): a measure of psychopathology and World Health Organization quality of life in HIV infection (WHOQOL-HIV-Bref): a measure of HRQoL were used...
December 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903286/carrion-s-disease-an-eradicable-illness
#12
Cláudia Gomes, Maria J Pons, Juana Del Valle Mendoza, Joaquim Ruiz
Carrion's disease is a neglected tropical disease caused by Bartonella bacilliformis, a vector-borne pathogen restricted to the Andean valleys of Peru, Ecuador and Colombia. Carrion's disease is a biphasic illness; in the acute phase the case-fatality rate can be as high as 88 %, related to high parasitemia, arriving to almost all erythrocytes, and secondary bacterial infections close related with the development of transient immunosuppression in the earlier illness phases. In addition, there are an undefined number of asymptomatic carriers that are reservoirs of the etiological agent of Carrion's disease in endemic areas, they make take into account due to they are the perpetuators of this disease...
December 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817749/insecticide-resistance-in-phlebotomine-sandflies-in-southeast-asia-with-emphasis-on-the-indian-subcontinent
#13
REVIEW
Ramesh C Dhiman, Rajpal S Yadav
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis, commonly known as kala-azar in India, is a global public health problem. In Southeast Asia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand are endemic for visceral leishmaniasis. The role of sandflies as the vector of kala-azar was first confirmed in 1942 in India. Insecticide resistance in Phlebotomus argentipes Annandale and Brunetti, the vector of kala-azar in the Indian subcontinent, was first reported in 1987 in Bihar, India. This article provides a scoping review of the studies undertaken from 1959 to 2015 on insecticide resistance in P...
November 7, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809883/alternatives-to-currently-used-antimalarial-drugs-in-search-of-a-magic-bullet
#14
REVIEW
Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Asim Ahmed Elnour, Abdulla Shehab
Malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in many African countries and parts of Asia and South America. Novel approaches to combating the disease have emerged in recent years and several drug candidates are now being tested clinically. However, it is long before these novel drugs can hit the market, especially due to a scarcity of safety and efficacy data.To reduce the malaria burden, the Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV) was established in 1999 to develop novel medicines through industry and academic partners' collaboration...
November 4, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806732/clinical-presentations-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-ebola-virus-disease-in-freetown-sierra-leone
#15
Ying-Jie Ji, Xue-Zhang Duan, Xu-Dong Gao, Lei Li, Chen Li, Dong Ji, Wen-Gang Li, Li-Fu Wang, Yu-Hua Meng, Xiao Yang, Bin-Fang Ling, Xue-Ai Song, Mei-Lei Gu, Tao Jiang, She-Ku M Koroma, James Bangalie, Hui-Juan Duan
BACKGROUND: Clinical and laboratory data were collected and analysed from patients with Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Jui Government Hospital in Freetown, Sierra Leone, where patients with EVD were received and/or treated from October 1, 2014 to March 21, 2015 during the West Africa EVD outbreak. METHODS: The study admitted 285 patients with confirmed EVD and followed them up till the endpoint (recovery or death). EVD was confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR assays detecting blood Ebola virus (EBOV)...
November 3, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802839/the-prevalence-and-associated-factors-for-delayed-presentation-for-hiv-care-among-tuberculosis-hiv-co-infected-patients-in-southwest-ethiopia-a-retrospective-observational-cohort
#16
Hailay Gesesew, Birtukan Tsehaineh, Desalegn Massa, Amanuel Tesfay, Hafte Kahsay, Lillian Mwanri
BACKGROUND: A delay presentation for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patient's care (that is late engagement to HIV care due to delayed HIV testing or delayed linkage for HIV care after the diagnosis of HIV positive) is a critical step in the series of HIV patient care continuum. In Ethiopia, delayed presentation (DP) for HIV care among vulnerable groups such as tuberculosis (Tb) /HIV co-infected patients has not been assessed. We aimed to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with DP (CD4 < 200 cells/μl at first visit) among Tb/HIV co-infected patients in southwest Ethiopia...
November 2, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802834/assessment-of-the-response-to-cholera-outbreaks-in-two-districts-in-ghana
#17
Sally-Ann Ohene, Wisdom Klenyuie, Mark Sarpeh
BACKGROUND: Despite recurring outbreaks of cholera in Ghana, very little has been reported on assessments of outbreak response activities undertaken in affected areas. This study assessed the response activities undertaken in two districts, Akatsi District in Volta Region and Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abirem (KEEA) Municipal in Central Region during the 2012 cholera epidemic in Ghana. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective assessment of the events, strengths and weaknesses of the cholera outbreak response activities in the two districts making use of the WHO cholera evaluation tool...
November 2, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799063/tuberculosis-care-strategies-and-their-economic-consequences-for-patients-the-missing-link-to-end-tuberculosis
#18
Belete Getahun, Moges Wubie, Getiye Dejenu, Tsegahun Manyazewal
BACKGROUND: While investment in the development of Tuberculosis (TB) treatment strategies is essential, it cannot be assumed that the strategies are affordable for TB patients living in countries with high economic constraints. This study aimed to determine the economic consequences of directly observed therapy for TB patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional cost-of-illness analysis was conducted between September to November 2015 among 576 randomly selected adult TB patients who were on directly observed treatment in 27 public health facilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799062/middle-ear-microbiome-differences-in-indigenous-filipinos-with-chronic-otitis-media-due-to-a-duplication-in-the-a2ml1-gene
#19
Regie Lyn P Santos-Cortez, Diane S Hutchinson, Nadim J Ajami, Ma Rina T Reyes-Quintos, Ma Leah C Tantoco, Patrick John Labra, Sheryl Mae Lagrana, Melquiadesa Pedro, Erasmo Gonzalo D V Llanes, Teresa Luisa Gloria-Cruz, Abner L Chan, Eva Maria Cutiongco-de la Paz, John W Belmont, Tasnee Chonmaitree, Generoso T Abes, Joseph F Petrosino, Suzanne M Leal, Charlotte M Chiong
BACKGROUND: Previously rare A2ML1 variants were identified to confer otitis media susceptibility in an indigenous Filipino community and in otitis-prone US children. The goal of this study is to describe differences in the middle ear microbiome between carriers and non-carriers of an A2ML1 duplication variant that increases risk for chronic otitis media among indigenous Filipinos with poor health care access. METHODS: Ear swabs were obtained from 16 indigenous Filipino individuals with chronic otitis media, of whom 11 carry the A2ML1 duplication variant...
November 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716435/lessons-on-malaria-control-in-the-ethnic-minority-regions-in-northern-myanmar-along-the-china-border-2007-2014
#20
Ru-Bo Wang, Jia-Qiang Dong, Zhi-Gui Xia, Tao Cai, Qing-Feng Zhang, Yao Zhang, Yang-Hui Tian, Xiao-Ying Sun, Guang-Yun Zhang, Qing-Pu Li, Xiao-Yu Xu, Jia-Yin Li, Jun Zhang
BACKGROUND: For many countries where malaria is endemic, the burden of malaria is high in border regions. In ethnic minority areas along the Myanmar-China border, residents have poor access to medical care for diagnosis and treatment, and there have been many malaria outbreaks in such areas. Since 2007, with the support of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM), a malaria control project was introduced to reduce the malaria burden in several ethnic minority regions...
October 6, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
journal
journal
47753
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"