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Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports

Joshua T Prickett, Brendan J Klein, Christopher M Busch, Joshua A Cuoco, Lisa S Apfel, Eric A Marvin
Intraventricular meningiomas are uncommon intracranial tumors and infrequently present with hemorrhage. With only 10 reported cases in the literature, it is exceedingly rare for meningiomas of the ventricular system to present with hemorrhage. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a patient presenting with an acute intraventricular hemorrhage in relation to a ventricular meningioma suspected to be radiation induced. In addition, we review the current literature on hemorrhagic intraventricular meningiomas and review the natural history of radiation-induced meningiomas...
January 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Melissa M Stamates, John M Lee, Ryan T Merrell, Michael J Shinners, Ricky H Wong
In the absence of significant extracranial disease, patients with solitary brain metastases have shown benefit with resection. Brain lesions due to endometrial cancer are uncommon, and the only described skull base involvement is limited to the pituitary gland. We report the case of a 60-year-old female with endometrial cancer who presented with weeks of right cheek pain and numbness that was accompanied by headaches. We describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and surgical resection of a solitary endometrial metastasis involving the infratemporal fossa, middle fossa, cavernous sinus, trigeminal nerve, and nasal sinuses...
January 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Abdullah Arab, Fahad Alkherayf, Adam Sachs, Eugene K Wai
Objective  Cervical spine can be stabilized by different techniques. One of the common techniques used is the lateral mass screws (LMSs), which can be inserted either by freehand techniques or three-dimensional (3D) navigation system. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the difference between the 3D navigation system and the freehand technique for cervical spine LMS placement in terms of complications. Including intraoperative complications (vertebral artery injury [VAI], nerve root injury [NRI], spinal cord injury [SCI], lateral mass fracture [LMF]) and postoperative complications (screw malposition, screw complications)...
January 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Marco V Corniola, Basile N Landis, Denis Migliorini, Johannes A Lobrinus, Carmen Ares, Karl Schaller, Max Jägersberg
Anaplastic meningioma is seldom encountered. Moreover, distant metastasis is extremely rare, with only a handful cases reported. Here, we report the case of a 74-year-old female patient who underwent a combined cranial and endonasal approach for an extensive spheno-orbital anaplastic meningioma (WHO grade III), followed by adjuvant radiotherapy. Although local tumor control was achieved, she presented with lung metastasis 2 years later. The patient then died from pulmonary complications related to chest metastasis...
October 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Irit Duek, Gill E Sviri, Moran Amit, Ziv Gil
Background  Injury to the cavernous portion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) during endoscopic skull base surgery is a well-recognized rare complication that can be associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Many techniques have been suggested to manage ICA injury with varying degrees of success. Objectives  We provide a detailed technical description of an operative technique for endoscopic management of carotid artery injury. Methods  A case of ICA injury during endoscopic skull base surgery is presented...
October 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Adam John Covach, William Nicholas Rose
Objectives  We report a patient who had a working diagnosis of transverse myelitis secondary to a lupus exacerbation. As his clinical course evolved, continued vigilance clarified that he was in fact suffering from a nosocomial infection caused by vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE). Methods  We performed a retrospective review of the patient's medical record. Results  Despite radiographic improvement, he did not improve clinically following immunosuppressive therapy including plasma exchange. Once meningitis was diagnosed and treated, he improved rapidly...
October 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Kohtaroh Oda, Tetsuro Ohba, Shigeto Ebata, Hirotaka Haro
This case report describes a unique case involving traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis that resulted in nonunion, angulation, and displacement after conservative treatment with a cervical collar, but which was successfully achieved union with halo immobilization and low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS). Halo immobilization of a traumatic spondylolisthesis in a 20-year-old patient, that previously failed to improve after wearing a cervical collar for 3 months, was immediately followed by treatment with a LIPUS device (SAFHS 4000J; Teijin Pharma, Tokyo, Japan) 20 minutes once daily to the right and left fracture sites which were located using fluoroscopic guidance...
October 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Fred L Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Michael A K Liebschner, Bruce L Ehni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Peter Jeffrey Tuchin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Narushi Sugii, Masahide Matsuda, Tomokazu Sekine, Hideaki Matsumura, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Akira Matsumura
We report a unique case of delayed brain swelling following craniectomy that improved rapidly after cranioplasty, and discuss the potential mechanism underlying this delayed and reversible brain swelling. A 22-year-old woman developed surgical site infection after removal of a convexity meningioma. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an epidural abscess around the surgical site. Subsequently, the abscess was evacuated, and the bone flap was removed. Later, brain edema around the skull defect emerged and progressed gradually, despite resolution of the infection...
July 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Jonathan P Giurintano, Jessica Somerville, Merry Sebelik, Daniel Hoit, L Madison Michael, Courtney B Shires
Objective  To review the literature concerning the management of dental needles broken off into the deep spaces of the neck, to report what we believe is the first case of a fractured dental needle migrating into the jugular foramen, and the unconventional use of endovascular intervention to retrieve the needle fragment. Design  Case report with review of literature. Setting  Academic tertiary care center. Participants  Intervention was performed by the otolaryngology-head and neck surgery, vascular surgery, and neurovascular interventional radiology teams...
July 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Vinicius Gomes Trindade, Marcos de Queiroz Teles Gomes, Marcelo Prudente do Espirito Santo, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Wellingson Silva Paiva
Introduction  Epidermoid tumors represent approximately 0.3 to 1.8% of all intracranial brain tumors. Only 1.5% of all intracranial epidermoid cysts (ECs) invade the brain and secondary epilepsy is extremely rare. Since August 2014, a 59-year-old male smoker had been presenting bad smell feelings, totaling four episodes with sudden onset and duration of 2 minutes. On September 2014, after a sense of smell episode, it evolved into loss of contact and automatic movements followed by generalized tonic-clonic movements...
July 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Sara Timms, Raj Lakhani, Steve Connor, Claire Hopkins
Introduction  Pneumosinus dilatans (PSD) is a rare phenomenon involving the expansion of the paranasal sinuses, without bony destruction or a mass. Previously documented cases have demonstrated simple expansion of a solitary air cell. We present two unique cases of PSD in the presence of meningioma, in which complex new cells developed within the frontal sinus. One of the two patients developed associated sinus disease. Case 1  A 28-year-old man presented with facial pain. A computed tomography scan showed an abnormally enlarged, septated right frontal sinus, not present on childhood scans...
July 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Matthew Michalowicz, Murugappan Ramanathan
Central skull base osteomyelitis is a rare, but potentially life-threatening disease entity often lacking otologic symptoms or external auditory canal pathology. We present a case of a man in his 70s who had developed cranial nerve deficits with radiographic evidence that was consistent with a tumor due to this uncommon entity. The radiologic findings and our experience are discussed to increase awareness in the otolaryngology community.
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Sheri K Palejwala, Saurabh Sharma, Christopher H Le, Eugene Chang, Audrey B Erman, G Michael Lemole
Introduction Advanced Kadish stage esthesioneuroblastoma requires more extensive resections and aggressive adjuvant therapy to obtain adequate disease-free control, which can lead to higher complication rates. We describe the case of a patient with Kadish D esthesioneuroblastoma who underwent multiple surgeries for infectious, neurologic, and wound complications, highlighting potential preventative and salvage techniques. Case Presentation A 61-year-old man who presented with a large left-sided esthesioneuroblastoma, extending into the orbit, frontal lobe, and parapharyngeal nodes...
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Joshua D Burks, Robert G Briggs, Chad A Glenn, John C Greenert, Cordell M Baker, Keren Bartal, Greg A Krempl, Michael E Sughrue
Here we present the case of a 36-year-old man who was found to have a symptomatic malignant neural sheath tumor growing from the C2 nerve root following a period of progressively worsening headaches. The patient was successfully treated with surgical resection resulting in resolution of cranial nerve deficits. Though uncommon, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor must be considered in the differential diagnosis of tumors involving the cervical nerve roots and carotid space.
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Giuseppe Canova, Alessandro Boaro, Enrico Giordan, Pierluigi Longatti
Posttubercular adhesive arachnoiditis is a rare, late complication of tubercular meningitis. Syringomyelia can develop as a consequence of intramedullary cystic lesions and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow disturbance around the spinal cord, even after successful chemotherapy. We reviewed the literature related to posttubercular syringomyelia treatment and suggest a new combined surgical approach. A 25-year-old Nigerian male patient presented with legs numbness, urinary disturbance, and legs weakness. Spinal magnetic resonance revealed a T5-T7 syringomyelia, secondary to adhesive spinal arachnoiditis related to a history of tuberculous meningitis...
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Patrick J Hunt, Franco DeMonte, Rosa A Tang, Shirley Y Su, Shaan M Raza
Optic nerve sheath meningiomas (ONSMs) account for less than 2% of meningiomas and 1.7% of orbital tumors. Although rare, the management of these tumors is important as unilateral blindness often results in untreated cases. Radiotherapy has emerged as the preferred treatment. However, therapies for ONSMs are controversial due to the variable natural history of the disease and limitations of surgical and radiotherapy options. A 60-year-old woman presented with monocular left diminished color perception and blurred vision...
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Xin He, Tingting Yuan, Yuzhu Yan, Jinlu Yu, Dan Tong
Primary osteosarcomas of the skull and skull base are rare and comprise < 2% of all skull tumors. In head and neck osteosarcomas, the chondroblastic subtype occurs most frequently, which has an exceedingly poor outcome, but its image characteristic remains unknown. Herein, we report a case in the right occipital bone of the skull base and the unique characteristics of image. Pathologic examination of the surgical specimens led to the diagnosis of chondroblastic osteosarcomas. We believe those image characteristics can improve the understanding of skull chondroblastic osteosarcoma and the preoperative diagnosis...
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
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