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JAK-STAT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512617/constitutive-ifn%C3%AE-%C3%AE-signaling-maintains-expression-of-signaling-intermediaries-for-efficient-cytokine-responses
#1
Nicole L Messina, Christopher J P Clarke, Ricky W Johnstone
Interferons (IFNs) are a family of immunoregulatory cytokines with important roles in anti-viral and anti-tumor responses. Type I and II IFNs bind distinct receptors and are associated with different stages of the immune response. There is however, considerable crosstalk between these two cytokines with enhancement of IFNγ responses following IFNα/β priming and loss of IFNα/β receptor (IFNAR) resulting in diminished IFNγ responses. In this study, we sought to define the mechanism of crosstalk between the type I and II IFNs...
2016: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217982/il-6-stat3-signaling-in-mice-with-dysfunctional-type-2-ryanodine-receptor
#2
Tai-Qin Huang, Monte S Willis, Gerhard Meissner
Mice with genetically modified cardiac ryanodine receptor (Ryr2 (ADA/ADA) mice) are impaired in regulation by calmodulin, develop severe cardiac hypertrophy and die about 2 weeks after birth. We hypothesized that the interleukin 6 (IL-6)/signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) signaling pathway has a role in the development of the Ryr2 (ADA/ADA) cardiac hypertrophy phenotype, and determined cardiac function and protein levels of IL-6, phosphorylation levels of STAT3, and downstream targets c-Fos and c-Myc in wild-type and RyR2 (ADA/ADA) mice, mice with a disrupted IL-6 gene, and mice treated with STAT3 inhibitor NSC74859...
2015: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141328/stat5a-b-contribute-to-sex-bias-in-vascular-disease-a-neuroendocrine-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Pravin B Sehgal, Yang-Ming Yang, Huijuan Yuan, Edmund J Miller
Previous studies have elucidated a neuroendocrine mechanism consisting of the hypothalamus (growth hormone releasing hormone, GHRH) - pituitary (growth hormone, GH) - STAT5a/b axis that underlies sex-biased gene expression in the liver. It is now established that male vs female patterned secretion of GHRH, and thus of circulating GH levels ("pulsatile" vs "more continuous" respectively), leading to differently patterned activation of PY-STAT5a/b in hepatocytes results in sex-biased gene expression of cohorts of hundreds of downstream genes...
2015: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127728/lif-signal-in-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells
#4
REVIEW
Satoshi Ohtsuka, Yoko Nakai-Futatsugi, Hitoshi Niwa
Since the establishment of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) in the 1980s, a number of important notions on the self-renewal of pluripotent stem cells in vitro have been found. In serum containing conventional culture, an exogenous cytokine, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), is absolutely essential for the maintenance of pluripotency. In contrast, in serum-free culture with simultaneous inhibition of Map-kinase and Gsk3 (so called 2i-culture), LIF is no longer required. However, recent findings also suggest that LIF may have a role not covered by the 2i for the maintenance of naïve pluripotency...
2015: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127727/mitochondrial-stat3-and-reactive-oxygen-species-a-fulcrum-of-adipogenesis
#5
REVIEW
Adam H Kramer, Rose Kadye, Pascalene S Houseman, Earl Prinsloo
The balance between cellular lineages can be controlled by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Cellular differentiation into adipocytes is highly dependent on the production of ROS to initiate the process through activation of multiple interlinked factors that stimulate mitotic clonal expansion and cellular maturation. The signal transducer and activator of transcription family of signaling proteins have accepted roles in adipogenesis and associated lipogenesis. Non-canonical mitochondrial localization of STAT3 and other members of the STAT family however opens up new avenues for investigation of its role in the aforementioned processes...
2015: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26413426/lentiginoses-in-polycythemia-vera-patient-is-there-a-role-for-jak2-v617f-mutation
#6
Tugba Kevser Uzuncakmak, Sarenur Yilmaz, Ayse Serap Karadag, Necmettin Akdeniz, Ibrahim Akalin
Lentiginoses is a clinical feature in which lentigines are remarkably present in large numbers or when they occur in a distinctive distribution on apparently normal skin. This entity may be congenital or acquired and may cover a wide spectrum of diseases ranging from an isolated benign pigmentary disorder to numerous syndromes associated with molecular abnormalities.We present a 59-year-old female patient with multiple lentigines which first emerged 3 y ago concurrently with policytemia vera. The patient had found to be positive for Janus Kinase-2 (JAK-2) mutation...
2015: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26413425/the-oncogenic-fip1l1-pdgfr%C3%AE-fusion-protein-displays-skewed-signaling-properties-compared-to-its-wild-type-pdgfr%C3%AE-counterpart
#7
Serge Haan, Christelle Bahlawane, Jiali Wang, Petr V Nazarov, Arnaud Muller, René Eulenfeld, Claude Haan, Catherine Rolvering, Laurent Vallar, Venkata P Satagopam, Thomas Sauter, Monique Yvonne Wiesinger
Aberrant activation of oncogenic kinases is frequently observed in human cancers, but the underlying mechanism and resulting effects on global signaling are incompletely understood. Here, we demonstrate that the oncogenic FIP1L1-PDGFRα kinase exhibits a significantly different signaling pattern compared to its PDGFRα wild type counterpart. Interestingly, the activation of primarily membrane-based signal transduction processes (such as PI3-kinase- and MAP-kinase- pathways) is remarkably shifted toward a prominent activation of STAT factors...
2015: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26413424/role-of-stat3-in-lung-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Pranabananda Dutta, Nafiseh Sabri, Jinghong Li, Willis X Li
Lung cancer remains a challenging disease. It is responsible for the high cancer mortality rates in the US and worldwide. Elucidation of the molecular mechanisms operative in lung cancer is an important first step in developing effective therapies. Accumulating evidence over the last 2 decades suggests a critical role for Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3) as a point of convergence for various signaling pathways that are dysregulated in the disease. In this review, we discuss possible molecular mechanisms involving STAT3 in lung tumorigenesis based on recent literature...
2014: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26413423/trypanosoma-cruzi-parasites-fight-for-control-of-the-jak-stat-pathway-by-disarming-their-host
#9
REVIEW
Philipp Stahl, Ralph T Schwarz, Françoise Debierre-Grockiego, Thomas Meyer
The zoonotic Chagas' disease is caused by infections with the hemoflagellate Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) which is endemic in Latin America. Despite recent advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease, the underlying molecular processes involved in host-parasite interactions are only poorly understood. In particular, the mechanisms for parasite persistence in host cells remain largely unknown. Cytokine-driven transcription factors from the family of STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription) proteins appear to play a central role in the fight against T...
2014: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26413422/loss-of-wave3-sensitizes-triple-negative-breast-cancers-to-chemotherapeutics-by-inhibiting-the-stat-hif-1%C3%AE-mediated-angiogenesis
#10
Gangarao Davuluri, William P Schiemann, Edward F Plow, Khalid Sossey-Alaoui
Chemoresistance allows for disease to recur and ultimately causes the death of most breast cancer patients. This scenario is particularly relevant in patients harboring triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) tumors for which there are no effective FDA-approved drugs. However, a recent study determined that TNBCs can be segregated into 6 genetically distinct subtypes that do in fact exhibit differential rates of pathological complete response (pCR) to standard-of-care chemotherapies. Of these, the mesenchymal and mesenchymal stem-like subtypes of TNBCs exhibit the lowest rates of pCR when treated with standard-of-care chemotherapies...
2014: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26413421/contribution-of-chaperones-to-stat-pathway-signaling
#11
REVIEW
Claire E Bocchini, Moses M Kasembeli, Soung-Hun Roh, David J Tweardy
Aberrant STAT signaling is associated with the development and progression of many cancers and immune related diseases. Recent findings demonstrate that proteostasis modulators under clinical investigation for cancer therapy have a significant impact on STAT signaling, which may be critical for mediating their anti-cancer effects. Chaperones are critical for protein folding, stability and function and, thus, play an essential role in the maintenance of proteostasis. In this review we discuss the role of chaperones in STAT and tyrosine kinase (TK) protein folding, modulation of STAT and TK activity, and degradation of TKs...
2014: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26413420/jak2-mutations-to-the-fore-in-hereditary-thrombocythemia
#12
Stephen E Langabeer
Acquired mutations of the gene that encodes the intracellular signalling molecule JAK2 are the most frequently observed disease-driving events of the common myeloproliferative neoplasms. A number of germline JAK2 mutations have recently been described in several kindred with the rare disease of hereditary thrombocythemia, also known as familial thrombocythemia or familial thrombocytosis. These inherited mutations are all located within the pseudo-kinase and kinase domains of JAK2 and have been shown to directly contribute to the thrombocythemic phenotype...
2014: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26413419/stat4-is-required-for-il-23-responsiveness-in-th17-memory-cells-and-nkt-cells
#13
Nicole L Glosson-Byers, Sarita Sehra, Mark H Kaplan
STAT4 is a critical mediator of inflammatory immunity and is required for all known IL-12 biological responses, including the induction of IFN-γ and development of Th1 cells. We demonstrate that IL-23, an IL-12-related cytokine, also requires STAT4 for optimal IL-17 secretion from memory T helper cells and NKT cells. Although IL-23 stimulation had modest effects on STAT4 activation, STAT4-deficiency results in reduced Il23r expression. These data demonstrate a restricted requirement for STAT4 in innate and adaptive IL-17-secreting T cell responses that might contribute to inflammatory immunity...
2014: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25105067/propofol-mediates-signal-transducer-and-activator-of-transcription-3-activation-and-crosstalk-with-phosphoinositide-3-kinase-akt
#14
Jayant Shravah, Baohua Wang, Marijana Pavlovic, Ujendra Kumar, David Dy Chen, Honglin Luo, David M Ansley
We previously demonstrated that propofol, an intravenous anesthetic with anti-oxidative properties, activated the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway to increase the expression of B cell lymphoma (Bcl)-2 and, therefore the anti-apoptotic potential on cardiomyocytes. Here, we wanted to determine if propofol can also activate the Janus kinase (JAK) 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 pathway, another branch of cardioprotective signaling. The cellular response of nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) and STAT3 was also evaluated...
2014: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25105066/effects-of-jak2-stat3-signaling-after-cerebral-insults
#15
REVIEW
Daniel J Raible, Lauren C Frey, Amy R Brooks-Kayal
The JAK2-STAT3 signaling pathway has been shown to regulate the expression of genes involved in cell survival, cell proliferation, cell-cycle progression, and angiogenesis in development and after cerebral insults. Until recently, little has been known about the effects of this pathway activation after cerebral insults and if blocking this pathway leads to better recovery. This review exams the role of this pathway after 3 cerebral insults (traumatic brain injury, stroke, and status epilepticus).
2014: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25101218/a-new-mechanism-for-growth-hormone-receptor-activation-of-jak2-and-implications-for-related-cytokine-receptors
#16
REVIEW
Michael J Waters, Andrew J Brooks, Yash Chhabra
The growth hormone receptor was the first cytokine receptor to be cloned and crystallized, and provides a valuable exemplar for activation of its cognate kinase, JAK2. We review progress in understanding its activation mechanism, in particular the molecular movements made by this constitutively dimerized receptor in response to ligand binding, and how these lead to a separation of JAK-binding Box1 motifs. Such a separation leads to removal of the pseudokinase inhibitory domain from the kinase domain of a partner JAK2 bound to the receptor, and vice versa, leading to apposition of the kinase domains and transactivation...
2014: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24843831/stat3-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transitions-in-carcinomas
#17
REVIEW
Michael K Wendt, Nikolas Balanis, Cathleen R Carlin, William P Schiemann
Cellular programs coupled to cycles of epithelial-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs) play critical roles during embryogenesis, as well as during tissue development, remodeling, and repair. Research over the last decade has established the importance of an ever-expanding list of master EMT transcription factors, whose activity is regulated by STAT3 and function to stimulate the rapid transition of cells between epithelial and mesenchymal phenotypes. Importantly, inappropriate reactivation of embryonic EMT programs in carcinoma cells underlies their metastasis to distant organ sites, as well as their acquisition of stem cell-like and chemoresistant phenotypes operant in eliciting disease recurrence...
January 1, 2014: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24778927/protein-tyrosine-phosphatases-as-wardens-of-stat-signaling
#18
REVIEW
Frank-D Böhmer, Karlheinz Friedrich
Signaling by signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) is controlled at many levels of the signaling cascade. Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) regulate STAT activation at several layers, including direct pSTAT dephosphorylation in both cytoplasm and nucleus. Despite the importance of this regulation mode, many aspects are still incompletely understood, e.g., the identity of PTPs acting on certain members of the STAT family. After a brief introduction into the STAT and PTP families, we discuss here the current knowledge on PTP mediated regulation of STAT activity, focusing on the interaction of individual STATs with specific PTPs...
January 1, 2014: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24778926/the-involvement-of-jak-stat3-in-cell-motility-invasion-and-metastasis
#19
REVIEW
Yong Teng, James L Ross, John K Cowell
JAK-STAT3 signaling, while regulating many aspects of cancer development and progression, promotes invasion and metastasis through activation of key metastasis promoting genes such as WASF3. STAT3 promotes WASF3 expression and JAK2 independently activates it, which is required for invasion. JAK-STAT3 signaling is dependent on WASF3 function, since its inactivation in cells expressing JAK-STAT3 suppresses invasion. WASF3 overexpression leads to activation of NFκB and ZEB1 which also promote invasion through regulation of target genes involved in metastasis...
January 1, 2014: JAK-STAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24778925/integrating-non-coding-rnas-in-jak-stat-regulatory-networks
#20
REVIEW
Steven Witte, Stefan A Muljo
Being a well-characterized pathway, JAK-STAT signaling serves as a valuable paradigm for studying the architecture of gene regulatory networks. The discovery of untranslated or non-coding RNAs, namely microRNAs and long non-coding RNAs, provides an opportunity to elucidate their roles in such networks. In principle, these regulatory RNAs can act as downstream effectors of the JAK-STAT pathway and/or affect signaling by regulating the expression of JAK-STAT components. Examples of interactions between signaling pathways and non-coding RNAs have already emerged in basic cell biology and human diseases such as cancer, and can potentially guide the identification of novel biomarkers or drug targets for medicine...
January 1, 2014: JAK-STAT
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