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Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738605/failure-of-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-a-three-year-old-child-with-severe-refractory-ulcerative-colitis
#1
Hideki Kumagai, Koji Yokoyama, Tomoyuki Imagawa, Shun Inoue, Janyerkye Tulyeu, Mamoru Tanaka, Takanori Yamagata
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a treatment designed to correct gut dysbiosis by administration of feces from a healthy volunteer. It is still unclear whether FMT for children with ulcerative colitis (UC) is effective or hazardous. Here we describe a young patient to have received FMT for UC. A three-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital with severe active UC, and treated with aminosalicylates and various immunosuppressive drugs. As remission was not achieved, we decided to try FMT before colectomy...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738604/oral-vancomycin-therapy-in-a-child-with-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-and-severe-ulcerative-colitis
#2
Cynthia Buness, Keith D Lindor, Tamir Miloh
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), a rare progressive liver disease characterized by cholestasis and bile duct fibrosis, has no accepted, effective therapy known to delay or arrest its progression. We report a 15 year old female patient diagnosed with PSC and moderate chronic active ulcerative colitis (UC) who achieved normalization of her liver enzymes and bile ducts, and resolution of her UC symptoms with colonic mucosal healing, after treatment with a single drug therapy of the antibiotic oral vancomycin...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738603/corrosive-esophagitis-with-benzalkonium-chloride-in-a-two-days-old-neonate
#3
Hasret Ayyildiz Civan, Didem Gulcu, Tulay Erkan
Benzalkonium chloride (BAC) is a caustic agent which is used in farms, homes and hospitals for cleaning skin and wounds as an antiseptic solution. It may lead to digestive system injuries in case of ingestion. We present a two-days-old newborn case which was carried to the emergency unit with complaints of poor breastfeeding, uneasiness and crying for 4-6 hours. Her mom confessed that she had given a spoon of 10% BAC solution for her cough. Initial laboratory tests were in normal ranges. A gastroscopy performed in the second hour of her admission revealed an hyperemic and edematous mucosa in the middle third of esophagus and a circumferential ulceration followed in the distal portion...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738602/associations-among-the-degree-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-metabolic-syndrome-degree-of-obesity-in-children-and-parental-obesity
#4
Min-Su Oh, Sorina Kim, Joon-Hyuck Jang, Jong Yoon Park, Hyun-Sik Kang, Mu Sook Lee, Ki Soo Kang
PURPOSE: To analyze the associations among the degrees of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) by ultrasonography and metabolic syndrome, degrees of obesity in children, and degrees of parental obesity. METHODS: A total of 198 children with obesity who visited a pediatric obesity clinic were prospectively enrolled in this study. The severity of NAFLD based on ultrasonography was classified into no, mild, moderate, or severe NAFLD group. The degree of obesity based on the percentage over standard weight for height per sex was classified into mild, moderate, or severe...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738601/spontaneous-perforation-of-colon-in-previously-healthy-infants-and-children-its-clinical-implication
#5
Soo-Hong Kim, Yong-Hoon Cho, Hae-Young Kim
PURPOSE: Spontaneous colon perforations are usually encountered as necrotizing enterocolitis in the neonatal period, but occur rarely in infants and children without pathological conditions. This study was conducted to describe its clinical implication beyond the neonatal period. METHODS: Cases of spontaneous colon perforation confirmed after the operation were reviewed retrospectively and the clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed. Clinical data were compared according to the presence of pneumoperitoneum as initial findings...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738600/correlation-between-colon-transit-time-test-value-and-initial-maintenance-dose-of-laxative-in-children-with-chronic-functional-constipation
#6
Mock Ryeon Kim, Hye Won Park, Jae Sung Son, Ran Lee, Sun Hwan Bae
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between colon transit time (CTT) test value and initial maintenance dose of polyethylene glycol (PEG) 4000 or lactulose. METHODS: Of 415 children with chronic functional constipation, 190 were enrolled based on exclusion criteria using the CTT test, defecation diary, and clinical chart. The CTT test was performed with prior disimpaction. The laxative dose for maintenance was determined on the basis of the defecation diary and clinical chart...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738599/henoch-schonlein-purpura-in-children-hospitalized-at-a-tertiary-hospital-during-2004-2015-in-korea-epidemiology-and-clinical-management
#7
Yong Hee Lee, Yu Bin Kim, Ja Wook Koo, Ju-Young Chung
PURPOSE: To investigate the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, investigations and management, and prognosis of patients with Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 212 HSP patients under the age of 18 years who were admitted to Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital between 2004 and 2015. RESULTS: The mean age of the HSP patients was 6.93 years, and the ratio of boys to girls was 1.23:1. HSP occurred most frequently in the winter (33...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738598/factors-associated-with-removal-of-impactted-fishbone-in-children-suspected-ingestion
#8
Chun Woo Lim, Min Hwan Park, Hyun Jeong Do, Jung-Sook Yeom, Ji Sook Park, Eun Sil Park, Ji Hyun Seo, Jung Je Park, Jae Young Lim, Chan Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
PURPOSE: The management and clinical course in pediatric patients who had ingested foreign body were investigated retrospectively to evaluate the frequency and factor associated with successful removal of fishbone foreign body. METHODS: Based on the medical records of patients younger than 15 years old who visited emergency room because of foreign body ingestion from January 1999 to December 2012, the authors reviewed clinical characteristics including type of ingested foreign bodies, time to visits, managements and complications...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738597/socioeconomic-impacts-of-gluten-free-diet-among-saudi-children-with-celiac-disease
#9
Ahmed Sarkhy, Mohammad I El Mouzan, Elshazaly Saeed, Aziz Alanazi, Sharifa Alghamdi, Shirin Anil, Asaad Assiri
PURPOSE: To determine the socio-economic impact of gluten free diet (GFD) on Saudi children and their families. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which an online questionnaire was sent to all families registered in the Saudi celiac patients support group. We included only children (age 18 years of age and younger) with biopsy-confirmed celiac disease (CD). RESULTS: A total of 113 children were included in the final analysis, the median age was 9...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738596/middle-east-consensus-statement-on-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-12-months-old-infants
#10
Yvan Vandenplas, Muath Abdurrahman Alturaiki, Wafaa Al-Qabandi, Fawaz AlRefaee, Ziad Bassil, Bassam Eid, Ahmed El Beleidy, Ali Ibrahim Almehaidib, Pierre Mouawad, Maroun Sokhn
This paper covers algorithms for the management of regurgitation, constipation and infantile colic in infants. Anti-regurgitation formula may be considered in infants with troublesome regurgitation, while diagnostic investigations or drug therapy are not indicated in the absence of warning signs. Although probiotics have shown some positive evidence for the management of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), the evidence is not strong enough to make a recommendation. A partially hydrolyzed infant formula with prebiotics and β-palmitate may be considered as a dietary intervention for functional constipation in formula fed infants...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437193/living-related-liver-transplantation-in-an-infant-with-neonatal-hemochromatosis
#11
Shin Jie Choi, Jong Sub Choi, Peter Chun, Jung Kyung Yoo, Jin Soo Moon, Jae Sung Ko, Woo Sun Kim, Gyeong Hoon Kang, Nam-Joon Yi
Neonatal hemochromatosis (NH) is a severe neonatal liver injury that is confirmed by extra-hepatic iron accumulation. Although a recent study described treating NH with exchange transfusions and intravenous immunoglobulin, liver transplantation should be considered for patients with severe liver failure that does not respond to other medical treatment. Herein, we report the case of a two-month-old female infant who presented with persistent ascites and hyperbilirubinemia. Her laboratory findings demonstrated severe coagulopathy, high indirect and direct bilirubin levels, and high ferritin levels...
June 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437192/mesenteric-panniculitis-in-a-thirteen-year-old-korean-boy-treated-with-prednisolone-a-case-report
#12
Sun Hwan Bae, Se Jin Park, Wan Seop Kim, Min Woo Lee, Ji Soo Kim
Pediatric mesenteric panniculitis is an extremely rare disease of unknown etiology characterized by chronic inflammation, fat necrosis, and fibrosis in the mesenteric adipose tissue. A previously healthy 13-year-old boy was admitted because of right upper abdominal pain. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed increased attenuation and enhancement in the left upper abdominal omental fat and anterior peritoneal wall thickening. A laparoscopic biopsy showed mesenteric panniculitis with chronic inflammation, adiponecrosis, and septal fibrosis...
June 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437191/the-challenges-of-diagnosing-and-following-wilson-disease-in-the-presence-of-proteinuria
#13
Soofia Khan, Michael Schilsky, Gary Silber, Bruce Morgenstern, Tamir Miloh
The coexistence of Wilson disease with Alport syndrome has not previously been reported. The diagnosis of Wilson disease and its ongoing monitoring is challenging when associated with an underlying renal disease such as Alport syndrome. Proteinuria can lead to low ceruloplasmin since it is among serum proteins inappropriately filtered by the damaged glomerulus, and can also lead to increased urinary loss of heavy metals such as zinc and copper. Elevated transaminases may be attributed to dyslipidemia or drug induced hepatotoxicity...
June 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437190/a-study-on-dietary-habits-and-lifestyle-of-girls-with-precocious-puberty
#14
Jae-Seong Heo, Hyeok-Soo Moon, Mi-Kyeong Kim
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to analyze the change in the obesity index in girls receiving a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa), based on treatment duration, and to aid in nutritional counseling by investigating dietary habits and lifestyle. METHODS: Anthropometric examinations were conducted on 62 girls treated with GnRHa from January 2010 through July 2014. Parents were asked to fill out questionnaires on patient dietary habits and lifestyle. RESULTS: The group taking GnRHa for over 1 year had a higher rate of obesity increase than the group taking GnRHa for less than 1 year, but they had common habits related to obesity, which should be corrected...
June 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437189/nutrient-intakes-and-hair-mineral-contents-of-young-children
#15
Hye Young Kim, Ji Young Lee, Hye Ran Yang
PURPOSE: This study was performed to evaluate the dietary nutrient intake status and hair mineral content of Korean young children. METHODS: Fifty-five children who visited Seoul National University Bundang Hospital were divided into three groups by age: infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. The 24-hour recall method was used to collect the food intake data of the subjects. Hair mineral analysis was conducted using a Mass Spectrometer. Serum iron, ferritin, and calcium were also measured...
June 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437188/adalimumab-treatment-in-pediatric-onset-crohn-s-disease-patients-after-infliximab-failure-a-single-center-study
#16
Won Jae Song, Ben Kang, So Yoon Choi, Yon Ho Choe
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of adalimumab in pediatric-onset Crohn's disease patients who had failed treatment with infliximab. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients included were those who had been diagnosed with Crohn's disease before 18 years old, and had received treatment with adalimumab after infliximab failure. The efficacy of adalimumab treatment was investigated at 1 month and 1 year, and adverse events that had occurred during treatment with adalimumab were explored...
June 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437187/the-association-between-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-body-weight-among-children
#17
Jun Sik Choi, Kyung Og Ko, Jae Woo Lim, Eun Jeong Cheon, Gyung Min Lee, Jung Min Yoon
PURPOSE: We performed to reveal the association between the Helicobacter pylori infection and body weight among children. METHODS: Out retrospective study included patients who underwent the H. pylori immunoglobulin G testing at Konyang University Hospital between March 2011 and June 2014. These patients were classified as seropositive (28 boys, 27 girls; mean age: 9.89±3.28 years) or seronegative (55 boys, 54 girls; mean age: 9.84±3.02 years). Next, we compared various characteristics between the seropositive and negative groups, as well as between obese children (body weight ≥90th percentile) and non-obese children (body weight <90th percentile)...
June 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437186/efficacy-and-tolerance-of-a-new-anti-regurgitation-formula
#18
Christophe Dupont, Yvan Vandenplas
PURPOSE: Regurgitation is a common physiological phenomenon in infants. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new anti-regurgitation (AR) formula (Novalac), thickened with an innovative complex including fibres, on the daily number of regurgitations and to assess its impact on stool consistency and frequency. METHODS: Infants younger than five months, presenting at least 5 regurgitations per day were recruited in this trial. The efficacy of the new formula on regurgitation (daily number and Vandenplas score), stool frequency and consistency were assessed at day 14 and 90...
June 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437185/updates-on-the-diagnosis-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-children-what-are-the-differences-between-adults-and-children
#19
REVIEW
Hye Ran Yang
Helicobacter pylori infection is acquired mainly during childhood and causes various diseases such as gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, and iron deficiency anemia. Although H. pylori infection in children differs from adults in many ways, this is often overlooked in clinical practice. Unlike adults, nodular gastritis may be a pathognomonic endoscopic finding of childhood H. pylori infection. Histopathological findings of gastric tissues are also different in children due to predominance of lymphocytes and plasma cells and the formation of gastric MALT...
June 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437184/hepatitis-c-viral-infection-in-children-updated-review
#20
REVIEW
Mohamed A El-Guindi
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major medical challenge affecting around 200 million people worldwide. The main site of HCV replication is the hepatocytes of the liver. HCV is a positive enveloped RNA virus from the flaviviridae family. Six major HCV genotypes are implicated in the human infection. In developed countries the children are infected mainly through vertical transmission during deliveries, while in developing countries it is still due to horizontal transmission from adults. Minimal nonspecific and brief symptoms are initially found in approximately 15% of children...
June 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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