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Dermatology Practical & Conceptual

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515999/acute-onset-of-a-severe-rash-on-the-face-and-dorsal-hands
#1
Amir Feily
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515998/dermoscopy-of-histoid-leprosy-a-case-report
#2
Balachandra S Ankad, Punit S Sakhare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515997/primary-myxoid-melanoma-with-dermoscopic-findings
#3
Tugba K Uzuncakmak, Ilkin Zindanci, Ebru I Zemheri, Ayse S Karadag, Burce C Kuru, Necmettin Akdeniz
Myxoid melanoma is a rare variant of melanoma, which is characterized by atypical spindle cells and dense mucin deposition in dermis. This tumor is usually seen in elderly people with a similar progress in other variants of melanoma. A 28-year-old male presented to our outpatient clinic with a 6-month history of a slowly growing asymptomatic pink lesion on his arm. Dermoscopic examination revealed pink-white cristalline structures and blue-grayish ovoid globules. The lesion was totally excised with initial diagnosis of basosquamous carcinoma, amelanotic melanoma and basal cell carcinoma...
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515996/dermoscopy-of-alopecia-areata-a-retrospective-analysis
#4
Abhijeet K Jha, Uday K Udayan, P K Roy, Amar K J Amar, R K P Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: Dermoscopy devices can overcome the refractive properties of stratum corneum by interface medium or cross polarization such that the lesion can be easily seen. AIM: To examine the dermoscopic feature in alopecia areata and correlate the severity of disease with dermoscopic features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 72 patients suffering from alopecia areata (AA), irrespective of age and sex, who visited the dermatology outpatient department of a tertiary care center in Eastern India was carried out...
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515995/dermoscopy-and-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-in-pedunculated-basal-cell-carcinoma
#5
Seda Yildiz, Isil Karaarslan, Banu Yaman, Fezal Ozdemir
There have been limited cases of pedunculated basal cell carcinoma (BCC) reported in the literature. The dermoscopic features were described in only one of them. However, not one of them described the confocal microscopy features. In this report we presented a case of pedunculated basal cell carcinoma (BCC) with dermoscopic and reflectance confocal microscopy features.
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515994/in-vivo-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-a-useful-non-invasive-tool-to-assess-the-response-to-isolated-limb-perfusion-for-superficial-pigmented-melanoma-in-transit-metastatic-disease-report-of-a-case
#6
Rastine Merat, Wolf-Henning Boehncke, Gürkan Kaya
Complete response can be difficult to assess after isolated limb perfusion (ILP) for metastatic in-transit melanoma, especially when numerous and unresectable post-necrotic persisting pigmented lesions occur. These residual lesions are mainly seen in the more superficial and pigmented types of metastatic disease and correspond to the residual melanophage granuloma that persists after tumor tissues undergo complete necrosis. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a non-invasive technique that allows the exploration of the superficial dermis...
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515993/triage-amalgamated-dermoscopic-algorithm-tada-for-skin-cancer-screening
#7
Tova Rogers, Maria Marino, Stephen W Dusza, Shirin Bajaj, Michael A Marchetti, Ashfaq Marghoob
IMPORTANCE: Dermoscopic triage algorithms have been shown to improve beginners' abilities for identifying pigmented skin lesions requiring biopsy. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the diagnostic accuracy of the Triage Amalgamated Dermoscopic Algorithm (TADA) for pigmented and nonpigmented skin cancers. Secondarily, to compare TADAs performance to those of existing triage algorithms for the identification of pigmented skin cancers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational, reader study that took place at a beginner and intermediate level dermoscopy course...
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515992/dermoscopy-of-cutaneous-lymphangioma-circumscriptum
#8
Abhijeet K Jha, Aimilios Lallas, Sidharth Sonthalia
Lymphangiomas are congenital lymphatic malformations. They are clinically characterized by clusters of translucent vesicles, and on dermoscopy, yellow lacunae surrounded by pale septa as well as reddish to bluish lacunae have been described. A young male presented with a seven-year history of a vesicular lesion. Dermoscopy revealed multiple white-yellowish well-circumscribed roundish areas (lacunae) surrounded by pale septa. A few lacunae contained blood, which was characteristically accumulated in the lowest part of the lacuna, resulting in an appearance similar to the so-called "hypopyon" of the eye...
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515991/non-follicular-milky-globules-dermoscopy-saves-the-day
#9
Abhijeet K Jha, Sidharth Sonthalia, Aimilios Lallas
Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a rare severe cutaneous adverse reaction caused mostly by medication. Early diagnosis is important as initiation of supportive treatment and avoidance of drug is of prime importance. A young male presented with an erythematous rash after taking diclofenac for pain. Polarized dermoscopy revealed milky globules on a uniform reddish background sparing the follicles, which confirmed the diagnosis of AGEP.
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515990/topical-mycophenolate-mofetil-in-the-treatment-of-vitiligo-a-pilot-study
#10
Farhad Handjani, Shahin Aghaei, Iman Moezzi, Nasrin Saki
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a multifactorial disease that is characterized by circumscribed depigmented macules and patches. Autoimmune reactions may play an important role in the pathogenesis of the disease. Mycophenolate mofetil is a drug that inhibits DNA synthesis in lymphocytes and has been used in autoimmune diseases such as immunobullous skin diseases, lupus erythematosus, and autoimmune hepatitis. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to show the efficacy of topical mycophenolate mofetil in the treatment of vitiligo...
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515989/laugier-hunziker-syndrome-a-case-of-asymptomatic-mucosal-and-acral-hyperpigmentation
#11
Elizabeth H Cusick, Ashfaq A Marghoob, Ralph P Braun
Laugier-Hunziker syndrome (LHS) is a rare condition characterized by acquired hyperpigmentation involving the lips, oral mucosa, acral surfaces, nails and perineum. While patients with LHS may manifest pigmentation in all of the aforementioned areas, most present with pigmentation localized to only a few of these anatomical sites. We herein report a patient exhibiting the characteristic pigment distribution pattern associated with LHS. Since LHS is a diagnosis based on exclusion, we discuss the differential diagnosis of mucocutaneous hyperpigmentation...
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515988/the-value-of-pre-surgical-photography-in-the-management-of-melanoma
#12
Iris Zalaudek, Teresa Deinlein, Nora Woltsche, Romana Kupsa, Christina Ambros-Rudolph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515987/the-need-for-improved-dermoscopy-training-in-residency-a-survey-of-us-dermatology-residents-and-program-directors
#13
Parth Patel, Sarika Khanna, Beth McLellan, Karthik Krishnamurthy
BACKGROUND: Inadequate dermoscopy training represents a major barrier to proper dermoscopy use. OBJECTIVE: To better understand the status of dermoscopy training in US residency programs. METHODS: A survey was sent to 417 dermatology residents and 118 program directors of dermatology residency programs. RESULTS: Comparing different training times for the same training type, residents with 1-10 hours of dedicated training had similar confidence using dermoscopy in general (p = 1...
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515986/use-of-and-intentions-to-use-dermoscopy-among-physicians-in-the-united-states
#14
Jeffrey B Morris, Sara V Alfonso, Nilda Hernandez, M Isabel Fernández
BACKGROUND: Dermatologists routinely use dermoscopy to improve diagnostic accuracy of skin cancers. Much less is known about its use among other physicians who routinely examine the skin, such as family physicians, internists and plastic surgeons. OBJECTIVES: To document the use of dermoscopy in a sample of US physicians and to examine physician and practice characteristics associated with ever having used a dermascope and having some intentions to incorporate dermoscopy into clinical practice during the next 12 months...
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515985/epidemiological-trends-in-skin-cancer
#15
Zoe Apalla, Aimilios Lallas, Elena Sotiriou, Elizabeth Lazaridou, Demetrios Ioannides
Skin cancer, including melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), represents the most common type of malignancy in the white population. The incidence rate of melanoma is increasing worldwide, while the associated mortality remains stable, or is slightly decreasing. On the other hand, the incidence for NMSC varies widely, with the highest rates reported in Australia. In the current review, we highlight recent global trends in epidemiology of skin cancer. We discuss controversial issues raised in current epidemiological data, we analyze the most important risk factors associated with the development of melanoma and NMSC and the impact of skin cancer on health care services...
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243500/deceitful-clustered-papules-on-the-scalp-of-a-middle-aged-woman
#16
Massimo Mascolo, Francesca Pagliuca, Claudia Costa, Massimiliano Scalvenzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243499/nail-apparatus-melanoma-initially-diagnosed-as-nail-matrix-blue-nevus-a-case-report-with-dermatoscopy-and-dermatopathology
#17
Bengu Nisa Akay, Aylin Okcu Heper, Luc Thomas, Brigitte Balme, Simon Clark, Cliff Rosendahl
We present a case of nail apparatus melanoma in a 50-year-old woman presenting as new and changing longitudinal melanonychia of the right thumb. Very heavy melanin pigmentation involving both the epidermis and dermis interfered with dermatopathological assessment, which initially leads to a diagnosis of nail matrix blue nevus. After consultation with a specialist multidisciplinary clinic the diagnosis was revised to invasive melanoma, a diagnosis consistent with the clinical and dermatoscopic assessment.
January 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243498/primary-cutaneous-cd-30-alk-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-with-dermoscopic-findings-a-case-report
#18
Tugba K Uzuncakmak, Necmettin Akdeniz, Ayse S Karadag, Secil Taskin, Ebru I Zemheri, Giuseppe Argenziano
Primary cutaneous CD 30 (+) anaplastic large cell lymphoma (PCALCL) is a rare and indolent type of cutaneous T cell lymphoma, which usually presents as an asymptomatic solitary firm nodule that rapidly grows and often ulcerates without any systemic involvement. A 64-year-old female presented to our outpatient clinic with a one-year history of multiple pink nodular lesions on the chest, back and gluteal regions. Dermoscopic examination of the nodular lesions revealed pink-to-yellow structureless areas and arborizing-to-polymorphous vessels...
January 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243497/dermoscopic-and-confocal-features-of-an-axillary-special-site-nevus
#19
Riana Dutt, Harold S Rabinovitz, Rajendra Singh, Alon Scope
"Nevi of special sites" is a term that denotes melanocytic nevi presenting in specific anatomic locations including the scalp, genital area, flexural sites, and acral sites [1]. Nevi from these anatomic sites display at times histopathologic features that may lead the reading pathologist to recommend re-excision of these benign nevi. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a noninvasive imaging tool that allows for visualization of epidermal, dermal-epidermal junctional (DEJ), and superficial dermal tissue structures at cellular level resolution...
January 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243496/reflectance-confocal-microscopy-features-of-facial-angiofibromas
#20
José-Francisco Millán-Cayetano, Oriol Yélamos, Anthony M Rossi, Michael A Marchetti, Manu Jain
Facial angiofibromas are benign tumors presenting as firm, dome-shaped, flesh-colored to pink papules, typically on the nose and adjoining central face. Clinically and dermoscopically they can mimic melanocytic nevi or basal cell carcinomas (BCC). Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a noninvasive imaging tool that is useful in diagnosing melanocytic and non-melanocytic facial lesions. To date no studies have described the RCM features of facial angiofibromas. Herein, we present two cases of facial angiofibromas that were imaged with RCM and revealed tumor island-like structures that mimicked BCC, leading to skin biopsy...
January 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
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