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African Journal of Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670646/serological-survey-of-toxoplasmosis-neosporosis-and-brucellosis-among-cattle-herds-in-oyo-state-south-western-nigeria
#1
Adekunle Ayinmode, Victor Akinseye, Gereon Schares, Simeon Cadmus
BACKGROUND: Several zoonotic diseases are known to constitute great impediment to livestock management and production worldwide, especially in developing countries where control measures are largely non-existent. This study sets out to investigate the occurrence of toxoplasmosis, neosporosis and brucellosis among cattle herds in Oyo State, southwest Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey to screen for antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum and Brucella abortus was conducted among 174 cattle in 17 herds...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670645/diagnosis-of-orf-in-west-african-dwarf-goats-in-uyo-akwa-ibom-state-nigeria
#2
Adeyinka Jeremy Adedeji, Nanven Abraham Maurice, Yiltawe Simwal Wungak, Jolly Amoche Adole, Nneka Chineze Chima, Timothy Yusufu Woma, Anthony Amechi Chukwuedo, And DavidShamaki
BACKGROUND: Sixty (60) male West African Dwarf goats were reported with clinical signs of enlarged lymph nodes, scabs on the mouth, nose and ears. Two of the goats died and post mortem examination reveals enlarged submandibular lymph nodes and vesicular lesions on the tongue. Clinical diagnosis of Orf has been reported in Nigeria but this report is the confirmatory diagnosis of Orf in a suspected outbreak in an experimental farm in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria using molecular techniques...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670644/carriage-of-multidrug-resistant-enterococcus-faecium-and-enterococcus-faecalis-among-apparently-healthy-humans
#3
Solayide A Adesida, Cynthia C Ezenta, Ajoke O Adagbada, Amudat A Aladesokan, Akitoye O Coker
BACKGROUND: Enterococci are indigenous flora of the gastro-intestinal tracts of animals and humans. Recently, interest in two major species, E. faecium and E. faecalis, has heightened because of their ability to cause serious infections and their intrinsic resistance to antimicrobials. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence of E. faecium and E. faecalis in human faecal samples and evaluating the susceptibility of the isolates to antibiotics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred faecal samples were collected from apparently healthy individuals and analysed using conventionalbacteriological methods...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670643/factors-associated-with-tb-hiv-co-infection-among-drug-sensitive-tuberculosis-patients-managed-in-a-secondary-health-facility-in-lagos-nigeria
#4
Olusola A Adejumo, Olusoji J Daniel, Andrew F Otesanya, Adebukola A Adegbola, Temitope Femi-Adebayo, Abimbola Bowale, Sunday Adesola, Olugbenga O Kuku, Kehinde O Otemuyiwa, Shafaatu N Oladega, Eze O Johnson, Ayodeji A Falana, Olusola Dawodu, Henry Owuna, Ganiyat Osoba, Adetokunbo Dacosta
BACKGROUND: This study assessed factors associated with TB/HIV co-infection among TB patients managed in a secondary health facility in Lagos Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of treatment cards of patients seen at a secondary referral hospital between January 1 2014 and December 31 2014 was conducted. Treatment outcomes and factors associated with TB/HIV co-infection were assessed. RESULTS: Of the 334 records of patients reviewed, the proportion of patients with TB/HIV co-infection was 21...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670642/multilocus-sequence-typing-of-carbapenem-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolates-from-patients-presenting-at-port-elizabeth-hospitals-south-africa
#5
D Annear, J Black, S Govender
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important nosocomial pathogen that exhibits multiple drug resistance with increasing frequency, especially to carbapenems making patient treatment difficult. Carbapenem-resistance may be caused by porin gene mutations, active drug efflux, and carbapenemase production. This study evaluated the incidence of genes responsible for carbapenemase production in carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and assessed the genetic relatedness of the isolates by multi locus sequence typing (MLST)...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670641/tick-infestation-a-200-patients-series
#6
Oya Guven, Dilay Satilmis, Feruza Turan Sonmez, Bilgehan Demir, Özgür Erdogan
BACKGROUND: A great number of zoonotic diseases with high mortality rate are transmitted by ticks. We performed this study in order to investigate patients admitted to emergency department following a tick bite. We examined the patients and get knowledge about the infestation and we followed up them for possible tick-conducted disease symptoms and laboratory findings both clinically and serologically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study presented was hold for one year, between 01...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670640/peripheral-parasitaemia-and-its-association-with-plasma-cytokines-levels-in-malaria-infected-pregnant-women-in-aba-abia-state-nigeria
#7
M O Ifeanyichukwu, O C Okamgba, G I Amilo, E A Nwokorie
BACKGROUND: Cytokines in pregnant female may not be a normal phenomenon as malarial infection is often associated with strong CD4+ cell activation and up-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines. We investigated the relationship between peripheral parasitaemia and plasma levels of cytokines among malaria infected pregnant women in Aba, Abia State, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 206 non-HIV positive asymptomatic malaria parasitaemic (n=144) and non-parasitaemic (n=62) pregnant women were recruited for this study alongside 80 non-pregnant women who served as positive (n=40) and negative (n=40) controls...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670639/extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-gram-negative-bacteria-in-iran-a-review
#8
Hamed Ebrahimzadeh Leylabadlo, Tala Pourlak, Abed Zahedi Bialvaei, Mohammad Aghazadeh, Mohammad Asgharzadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil
BACKGROUND: The emergence and spread of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Gram- negative bacteria (GNB), particularly in Enterobacteriaceae, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, have increased all over the world. ESBLs are characterized by their ability to hydrolyze β-lactams, early cephalosporins, oxyimino-thiazolyl cephalosporins, and monobactams, but not cephamycins or carbapenems. The rate of nosocomial infections caused by ESBL-producing GNB in Asia Pacific has increased and several studies have identified their prevalence in the region...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670638/a-comparison-of-rapid-diagnostic-testing-by-plasmodium-lactate-dehydrogenase-and-quantitative-buffy-coat-technique-in-malaria-diagnosis-in-children
#9
Ifeanyi Kanayo Ifeorah, Biobele J Brown, Olugbemiro O Sodeinde
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) considers early and rapid diagnosis as one of the strategies to control malaria. This study compared the performance of Quantitative Buffy Coat (QBC) test and the Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) rapid diagnostic test (RDT) with microscopy as the gold standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved children ages 0-5 years who presented with a history of fever at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670637/serotyping-and-antimicrobial-drug-resistance-of-salmonella-isolated-from-lettuce-and-human-diarrhea-samples-in-burkina-faso
#10
Somda Namwin Siourimè, Bonkoungou Ouindgueta Juste Isidore, Traoré Oumar, Bassolé Ismael Henri Nestor, Traoré Yves, Barro Nicolas, Savadogo Aly
BACKGROUND: In Burkina Faso dirty water in particular those of the stoppings and the gutter ones are used for vegetables irrigation in the gardens. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella serotypes from humans and lettuce samples inBurkina Faso. Materials and Methods:Salmonella strains isolated from patients in 2009 to 2015 and lettuce samples in 2014 in Burkina Faso were serotyped using specific antisera. All strains were subjected to a set of 14 antibiotics to study their antibiogram by using Baeur-Kirby disk diffusion method...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670636/attitudes-of-female-street-vendors-towards-hiv-aids-in-vhembe-district-of-south-africa
#11
Olaniyi Fc, Tshitangano Tg, Tugli Ak, Amosu Am, Edokpayi Jn
BACKGROUND: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are still global health problems. This study was conducted to describe the attitudes of female street vendors (FSV) in Thohoyandou, Vhembe district, towards HIV/AIDS and those infected with the virus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey design was adopted. Data were collected by means of a structured, self-administered questionnaire and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670635/variability-of-urine-parameters-in-children-infected-with-schistosoma-haematobium-in-ukawu-community-onicha-local-government-area-ebonyi-state-nigeria
#12
Juliana Eze Elom, Oliver O Odikamnoro, Agwu Ulu Nnachi, Ifeanyi Ikeh, John O Nkwuda
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis, a chronic, debilitating and neglected tropical and sub-tropical water-borne ailment, is highly endemic in Nigeria, especially among primary school children in rural communities. The study on the variability of urine parameters in children infected with Schistosomahaematobium in Ukawu community, Onicha Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, was undertaken. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urine samples were aseptically collected from 400 primary school children in the community and analysed using chemical reagent strips and sedimentation techniques...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670634/prevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-igg-and-igm-and-associated-risk-factors-among-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-patients-in-vhembe-district-of-south-africa
#13
Renay Ngobeni, Amidou Samie
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic parasite that has arisen as an important opportunistic infection that causes morbidity and mortality especially in HIV positive patients. This study was carried out to determine the sero-prevalence of T. gondii (IgG and IgM) and the associated risk factors among HIV positive and negative patients in Northern South Africa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in the Vhembe District in Limpopo province from April 2012 to January 2013...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480452/the-prevalence-of-tuberculosis-in-cattle-and-their-handlers-in-north-tongu-volta-region-ghana
#14
Esther A Amemor, S O Sackey, Nathaniel Yebuah, Raphael Deladem Folitse, Benjamin O Emikpe, E Afari, F Wurapa, C Ohuabunwo, K Addo, David Mensah, E Gaglo, Mark-Hansen, S Johnson, William Tasiame, D Amedzovor, D Nkunafa, Frank Bonsu
BACKGROUND: The need to understand the contribution of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) to the general tuberculosis burden in a poor resource setting is paramount. The aim of this study is to determine the burden of BTB among herdsmen and cattle in the North Tongu district of Volta Region in Ghana. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross- sectional study was conducted in the North Tongu District of the Volta Region between the period of October 2011- March 2012. A well-structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic information and possible risk factor information on cattle from participants...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337492/flock-based-surveillance-for-low-pathogenic-avian-influenza-virus-in-commercial-breeders-and-layers-southwest-nigeria
#15
Daniel Oladimeji Oluwayelu, Ayoyimika Omolanwa, Adebowale Idris Adebiyi, Oluladun Comfort Aiki-Raji
BACKGROUND: Flock surveillance systems for avian influenza (AI) virus play a critical role in countries where vaccination is not practiced so as to establish the epidemiological characteristics of AI needed for the development of prevention and control strategies in such countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of routine AI monitoring in southwest Nigeria, a competitive ELISA was used for detecting influenza A virus antibodies in the sera of 461 commercial breeder and layer birds obtained from different flocks in Oyo State, Nigeria while haemagglutination inhibiting antibodies against low pathogenic AI viruses (LPAIVs) were detected using H5N2, H7N7 and H9N2 subtype-specific antigens...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337491/meeting-report-unesco-merck-africa-research-summit-2015-accelerating-access-and-sustaining-innovation-from-africa-for-africa
#16
R W Omange, A O Ocholla, A O Kwallah, S N Kageha, J Mwangi, R K Cherutich, Odeny T A, T Nzomo, S Angwenyi, P Yonga, F Kariuki, M Kyalo, P C Mutai, F Nindo, E M Songok
BACKGROUND: The Ebola virus disease outbreak of 2014 was the largest, longest and most devastating in the history of the disease. It demonstrated the social and economic impact an emerging infectious disease can have in a globalized world. Health systems in affected countries were stretched to the point of near collapse, while social relations and traditional practices were negatively impacted. Heads of African research institutions, African government representatives, leaders of global pharmaceutical companies, global infectious disease experts and close to 100 young African researchers from 25 countries; Assembled in Geneva on 19 and 20th October 2015, for the inaugural UNESCO-Merck Africa Summit sponsored by the United Nations Educational, Science and Culture Organization and Merck KGA...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337490/effect-of-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-prophylaxis-on-feacal-carriage-rates-of-resistant-isolates-of-escherichia-coli-in-hiv-infected-adult-patients-in-lagos
#17
C C Egwuatu, F T Ogunsola, A A Iwuafor, C N Akujobi, T O Egwuatu, A U Nnachi, O O Oduyebo
BACKGROUND: The daily use of Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) prophylaxis reduces morbidity and mortality among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) but its impact on increasing antimicrobial resistance rates has been of public health concern, globally. This study investigated the effect of daily TMP-SMX prophylaxis on feacal carriage rates of resistant isolates of Escherichia coli in HIV-infected adult patients in Lagos. METHODS: A total of 550 HIV-infected patients with CD4-cell counts of less than 350 cells/mm(3) who were eligible for TMP-SMX prophylaxis and attending Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, were recruited for this study...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337489/antibiotic-resistance-profiling-and-microbiota-of-the-upper-respiratory-tract-of-apparently-healthy-dogs-in-ibadan-south-west-nigeria
#18
Oluwafemi Babatunde Daodu, Elizabeth Adesola Amosun, Daniel Oladimeji Oluwayelu
BACKGROUND: Rearing of dogs and other pets has become increasingly popular in modern society. Bacterial flora resides within the nasal and oral cavities of dogs and when chanced, can be pathogenic. Certain similarities between humans and dogs portends dangerous behavioral habits that could lead to zoonotic disease transmission. This study was aimed at isolation, identification and antibiotic profiling of bacteria from nasal swabs of apparently healthy dogs. The zoonotic risk was also considered...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480451/effect-of-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-prophylaxis-on-faecal-carriage-rates-of-resistant-isolates-of-escherichia-coli-in-hiv-infected-adult-patients-in-lagos
#19
C C Egwuatu, A A Iwuafor, T O Egwuatu, C N Akujobi, A U Nnachi, I N Aghanya, F T Ogunsola, O O Oduyebo
BACKGROUND: The daily use of Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) prophylaxis reduces morbidity and mortality among patients infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) but its impact on increasing antimicrobial resistance rates has been of public concern globally. This study investigated the effect of daily TMP-SMX prophylaxis on faecal carriage rates of resistant isolates of Escherichia coli in HIV-infected adult patients in Lagos. METHODS: A total of 550 HIV-infected patients with CD4-cell count of less than 350 cell/mm(3) and were eligible for TMP-SMX prophylaxis attending Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, were recruited...
2016: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480450/pig-slaughtering-in-southwestern-nigeria-peculiarities-animal-welfare-concerns-and-public-health-implications
#20
Oladipo Olufemi Omotosho, Benjamin Obukowho Emikpe, Olalekan Taiwo Lasisi, Olalere Vincent Oladunjoye
BACKGROUND: Pig slaughtering methods influence the quality of pig products and also serves as a critical point for the control of zoonosis and other food-borne infections. This study aimed at assessing the peculiarities, the animal welfare concerns and the public health implications of pig slaughtering activities was conducted on three major abattoirs in Southwestern Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information on pre-slaughter handling, slaughtering and carcass processing were obtained by observation over a continuous 2-week period of normal abattoir activities in each abattoir by the authors...
2016: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
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