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Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409059/epidemiological-and-virological-characteristics-of-seasonal-influenza-in-the-western-pacific-region-of-the-world-health-organization-2011-2015
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409058/exposure-to-h1-genotype-measles-virus-at-an-international-airport-in-japan-on-31-july-2016-results-in-a-measles-outbreak
#2
Aika Watanabe, Yusuke Kobayashi, Tomoe Shimada, Yuichiro Yahata, Ayako Kobayashi, Mizue Kanai, Yushi Hachisu, Munehisa Fukusumi, Hajime Kamiya, Takuri Takahashi, Yuzo Arima, Hitomi Kinoshita, Kazuhiko Kanou, Takehito Saitoh, Satoru Arai, Hiroshi Satoh, Hideo Okuno, Saeko Morino, Tamano Matsui, Tomimasa Sunagawa, Keiko Tanaka-Taya, Makoto Takeda, Katsuhiro Komase, Kazunori Oishi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409057/is-population-ageing-cancelling-out-progress-made-in-tuberculosis-control-in-hong-kong-special-administrative-region-sar-china-age-adjusted-analysis-of-case-notification-data-1990-2015
#3
Jun Li, Nobuyuki Nishikiori, Chi Chiu Leung, Engkiong Yeoh, Puihong Chung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409056/establishing-seasonal-and-alert-influenza-thresholds-in-cambodia-using-the-who-method-implications-for-effective-utilization-of-influenza-surveillance-in-the-tropics-and-subtropics
#4
Sovann Ly, Takeshi Arashiro, Vanra Ieng, Reiko Tsuyuoka, Amy Parry, Paul Horwood, Seng Heng, Sarah Hamid, Katelijn Vandemaele, Savuth Chin, Borann Sar, Yuzo Arima
OBJECTIVE: To establish seasonal and alert thresholds and transmission intensity categories for influenza to provide timely triggers for preventive measures or upscaling control measures in Cambodia. METHODS: Using Cambodia's influenza-like illness (ILI) and laboratory-confirmed influenza surveillance data from 2009 to 2015, three parameters were assessed to monitor influenza activity: the proportion of ILI patients among all outpatients, proportion of ILI samples positive for influenza and the product of the two...
January 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409055/enhanced-surveillance-for-the-third-united-nations-conference-on-small-island-developing-states-apia-samoa-september-2014
#5
Paul White, Salanieta Saketa, Alexis Durand, Saine Vaai-Nielsen, Tile Ah Leong-Lui, Take Naseri, Ailuai Matalima, Filipina Amosa, Alize Mercier, Christelle Lepers, Vjesh Lal, Richard Wojcik, Sheri Lewis, Adam Roth, Yvan Souares, Onofre Edwin Merilles, Damian Hoy
The Ministry of Health in Samoa, in partnership with the Pacific Community, successfully implemented enhanced surveillance for the high-profile Third United Nations Conference on Small Island Developing States held concurrently with the popular local Teuila festival during a widespread chikungunya outbreak in September 2014. Samoa's weekly syndromic surveillance system was expanded to 12 syndromes and 10 sentinel sites from four syndromes and seven sentinel sites; sites included the national hospital, four private health clinics and three national health service clinics...
January 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409054/sudden-increase-in-human-infection-with-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-virus-in-china-september-december-2016
#6
Lei Zhou, Ruiqi Ren, Lei Yang, Changjun Bao, Jiabing Wu, Dayan Wang, Chao Li, Nijuan Xiang, Yali Wang, Dan Li, Haitian Sui, Yuelong Shu, Zijian Feng, Qun Li, Daxin Ni
Since the first outbreak of avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in humans was identified in 2013, there have been five seasonal epidemics observed in China. An earlier start and a steep increase in the number of humans infected with H7N9 virus was observed between September and December 2016, raising great public concern in domestic and international societies. The epidemiological characteristics of the recently reported confirmed H7N9 cases were analysed. The results suggested that although more cases were reported recently, most cases in the fifth epidemic were still highly sporadically distributed without any epidemiology links; the main characteristics remained unchanged and the genetic characteristics of virus strains that were isolated in this epidemic remained similar to earlier epidemics...
January 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409053/lessons-learnt-from-a-measles-outbreak-in-madang-province-papua-new-guinea-june-2014-march-2015
#7
Karoi Kamac, Beverley Paterson, James Flint
OBJECTIVE: This study examined measles vaccine wastage during an outbreak response in Madang Province of Papua New Guinea from June 2014 to March 2015. METHODS: Vaccine wastage was defined as the number of doses received by a health centre minus the total number of doses administered during and returned following the outbreak vaccination campaign. Vaccine data were collected from the Provincial Health Information Office, the Provincial Vaccine Store register and clinic and health centre immunization registers for calculating the vaccine wastage...
January 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246579/rotavirus-vaccine-and-health-care-utilization-for-rotavirus-gastroenteritis-in-tsu-city-japan
#8
Kazutoyo Asada, Hajime Kamiya, Shigeru Suga, Mizuho Nagao, Ryoji Ichimi, Takao Fujisawa, Masakazu Umemoto, Takaaki Tanaka, Hiroaki Ito, Shigeki Tanaka, Masaru Ido, Koki Taniguchi, Toshiaki Ihara, Takashi Nakano
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus vaccines were introduced in Japan in November 2011. We evaluated the subsequent reduction of the health-care burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis. METHODS: We conducted active surveillance for rotavirus gastroenteritis among children under 5 years old before and after the vaccine introduction. We surveyed hospitalization rates for rotavirus gastroenteritis in children in Tsu City, Mie Prefecture, Japan, from 2007 to 2015 and surveyed the number of outpatient visits at a Tsu City clinic from 2010 to 2015...
October 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246578/a-q-fever-cluster-among-workers-at-an-abattoir-in-south-western-sydney-australia-2015
#9
Heidi Lord, Stephanie Fletcher-Lartey, Guy Weerasinghe, Meena Chandra, Nilva Egana, Nicole Schembri, Stephen Conaty
BACKGROUND: In September 2015, the Public Health Unit of the South Western Sydney Local Health District was notified of two possible Q fever cases. Case investigation identified that both cases were employed at an abattoir, and both cases advised that co-workers had experienced similar symptoms. Public Health Unit staff also recalled interviewing in late 2014 at least one other Q fever case who worked at the same abattoir. This prompted an outbreak investigation. METHODS: The investigation incorporated active case finding, microbiological analysis, field investigation and a risk factor survey...
October 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246577/the-changing-epidemiology-of-measles-in-an-era-of-elimination-lessons-from-health-care-setting-transmissions-of-measles-during-an-outbreak-in-new-south-wales-australia-2012
#10
Alexis Pillsbury, May Chiew, Shopna Bag, Kirsty Hope, Sophie Norton, Stephen Conaty, Vicky Sheppeard, Peter McIntyre
INTRODUCTION: In countries where measles is rare, health-care-setting transmissions remain problematic. Australia experienced its largest measles outbreak in 15 years in 2012 with 199 cases reported nationally; 170 cases occurred in the state of New South Wales (NSW) with symptom onset between 7 April and 29 November 2012. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted using measles case data obtained from metropolitan Sydney local health districts in NSW in 2012. Characteristics of measles source and secondary cases were described...
October 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246576/syndromic-surveillance-in-vanuatu-since-cyclone-pam-a-descriptive-study
#11
George Worwor, Anthony David Harries, Onofre Edwin Merilles, Kerri Viney, Jean Jacques Rory, George Taleo, Philippe Guyant
In 2012, Vanuatu designed and implemented a syndromic surveillance system based on the guidelines developed by the Pacific Community and the World Health Organization to provide early warning of outbreaks and other important public health events. Four core syndromes were endorsed for surveillance: acute fever and rash, prolonged fever, influenza-like illness and acute watery diarrhoea. In March 2015, Vanuatu was struck by Cyclone Pam, after which several important changes and improvements to the country's syndromic surveillance were made...
October 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246575/epidemiology-of-drowning-deaths-in-the-philippines-1980-to-2011
#12
Rammell Eric Martinez, John Juliard Go, Jonathan Guevarra
Drowning kills 372 000 people yearly worldwide and is a serious public health issue in the Philippines. This study aims to determine if the drowning death rates in the Philippine Health Statistics (PHS) reports from 1980 to 2011 were underestimated. A retrospective descriptive study was conducted to describe the trend of deaths caused by drowning in the Philippines from official and unofficial sources in the period 1980 to 2011. Information about deaths related to cataclysmic causes, particularly victims of storms and floods, and maritime accidents in the Philippines during the study period were reviewed and compared with the PHS drowning death data...
October 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818837/trends-in-the-incidence-of-acute-watery-diarrhoea-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-2009-2013
#13
Souphatsone Houatthongkham, Noikaseumsy Sithivong, Gregory Jennings, Manilay Phengxay, Phanthaneeya Teepruksa, Bouaphanh Khamphaphongphane, Phengta Vongphrachanh, Kongmany Southalack, Dapeng Luo, Cindy H Chiu
Diarrhoeal disease is the second leading cause of death in children under age 5 worldwide, with rotavirus being the main etiology. In the Lao People's Democratic Republic, acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) was introduced as one of the national notifiable diseases in 2004. We retrospectively reviewed the aggregate (n = 117 277) and case-based (n = 67 755) AWD surveillance data from 2009 to 2013 reported weekly from 1115 health facilities nationwide. Rotavirus rapid test data from all eight sentinel sites in Vientiane Capital in 2013 were also collected for analysis...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766181/enhanced-syndromic-surveillance-for-mass-gatherings-in-the-pacific-a-case-study-of-the-11th-festival-of-pacific-arts-in-solomon-islands-2012
#14
Damian Hoy, Salanieta T Saketa, Roy Roger Maraka, Alison Sio, Ian Wanyeki, Pascal Frison, Divi Ogaoga, Dennie Iniakawala, Cynthia Joshua, Sala Duituturaga, Christelle Lepers, Adam Roth, Paul White, Yvan Souares
Mass gatherings pose public health challenges to host countries, as they can cause or exacerbate disease outbreaks within the host location or elsewhere. In July 2012, the 11th Festival of Pacific Arts (FOPA), a mass gathering event involving 22 Pacific island states and territories, was hosted by Solomon Islands. An enhanced syndromic surveillance (ESS) system was implemented for the event. Throughout the capital city, Honiara, 15 sentinel sites were established and successfully took part in the ESS system, which commenced one week before the FOPA (25 June) and concluded eight days after the event (22 July)...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766180/investigation-of-a-measles-outbreak-in-cordillera-northern-philippines-2013
#15
Paola Katrina Ching, Ma Justina Zapanta, Vikki Carr de Los Reyes, Enrique Tayag, Rio Magpantay
INTRODUCTION: Measles is a highly infectious viral illness that remains one of the leading causes of death among children worldwide. In the Philippines, decreasing routine vaccination coverage from 2007 to 2011 led to local measles outbreaks. A team investigated a measles outbreak reported in Cordillera of the Philippines in May 2013. METHODS: Measles case data with symptom onset from 2 February to 27 May 2013 were obtained from official sources and verified on site...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757259/responding-to-the-syphilis-outbreak-in-japan-piloting-a-questionnaire-to-evaluate-potential-risk-factors-for-incident-syphilis-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-tokyo-japan-2015
#16
Masahiro Ishikane, Yuzo Arima, Ichiro Itoda, Takuri Takahashi, Takuya Yamagishi, Tamano Matsui, Tomimasa Sunagawa, Kazunori Oishi, Makoto Ohnishi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757258/measles-prevention-in-adolescents-lessons-learnt-from-implementing-a-high-school-catch-up-vaccination-programme-in-new-south-wales-australia-2014-2015
#17
Sonya Nicholl, Holly Seale, Vicky Sheppeard, Sue Campbell-Lloyd
INTRODUCTION: In response to a significant increase of measles cases and a high percentage of unvaccinated adolescents in New South Wales, Australia, a measles high school catch-up vaccination programme was implemented between August and December 2014. This study aimed to explore the factors affecting school-based supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) and to inform future SIA and routine school-based vaccination programme implementation and service provision. METHODS: Focus group analysis was conducted among public health unit (PHU) staff responsible for implementing the SIA catch-up programme...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757257/perceptions-on-the-risk-communication-strategy-during-the-2013-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-outbreak-in-humans-in-china-a-focus-group-study
#18
Richun Li, Ruiqian Xie, Chong Yang, Melinda Frost
OBJECTIVE: To identify the general public's perceptions of the overall risk communication strategy carried out by Chinese public health agencies during the first wave of avian influenza A(H7N9) outbreak in humans in 2013. METHODS: Participants were recruited from communities in Beijing, Lanzhou and Hangzhou, China in May and June 2013 by convenience sampling. Demographics and other relevant information were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Focus group interviews were conducted using a set of nine pre-developed questions and a tested moderator guide...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508090/epidemiology-and-control-of-tuberculosis-in-the-western-pacific-region-update-with-2013-case-notification-data
#19
Tom Hiatt, Nobuyuki Nishikiori
INTRODUCTION: Since the year 2000, tuberculosis (TB) prevalence in the World Health Organization (WHO) Western Pacific Region decreased 36%. However, there were an estimated 1.6 million TB cases in the Region in 2013. This study describes a regional analysis using the WHO global TB database data from 2000 to 2013. METHODS: TB surveillance data are annually collected from 36 countries and areas in the Western Pacific Region using a web-based system. TB case notifications, treatment outcomes and information on TB/HIV coinfection are analysed descriptively...
April 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508089/prevalence-of-resistance-to-second-line-tuberculosis-drug-among-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-in-viet%C3%A2-nam-2011
#20
Hoa Binh Nguyen, Nhung Viet Nguyen, Huong Thi Giang Tran, Hai Viet Nguyen, Quyen Thi Tu Bui
INTRODUCTION: Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) represents an emerging public health problem worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 9.7% of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases are defined as XDR-TB globally. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of drug resistance to second-line TB drugs among MDR-TB cases detected in the Fourth National Anti-Tuberculosis Drug Resistance Survey in Viet Nam. METHODS: Eighty clusters of TB cases were selected using a probability-proportion-to-size approach...
April 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
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