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Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818837/trends-in-the-incidence-of-acute-watery-diarrhoea-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-2009-2013
#1
Souphatsone Houatthongkham, Noikaseumsy Sithivong, Gregory Jennings, Manilay Phengxay, Phanthaneeya Teepruksa, Bouaphanh Khamphaphongphane, Phengta Vongphrachanh, Kongmany Southalack, Dapeng Luo, Cindy H Chiu
Diarrhoeal disease is the second leading cause of death in children under age 5 worldwide, with rotavirus being the main etiology. In the Lao People's Democratic Republic, acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) was introduced as one of the national notifiable diseases in 2004. We retrospectively reviewed the aggregate (n = 117 277) and case-based (n = 67 755) AWD surveillance data from 2009 to 2013 reported weekly from 1115 health facilities nationwide. Rotavirus rapid test data from all eight sentinel sites in Vientiane Capital in 2013 were also collected for analysis...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766181/enhanced-syndromic-surveillance-for-mass-gatherings-in-the-pacific-a-case-study-of-the-11th-festival-of-pacific-arts-in-solomon-islands-2012
#2
Damian Hoy, Salanieta T Saketa, Roy Roger Maraka, Alison Sio, Ian Wanyeki, Pascal Frison, Divi Ogaoga, Dennie Iniakawala, Cynthia Joshua, Sala Duituturaga, Christelle Lepers, Adam Roth, Paul White, Yvan Souares
Mass gatherings pose public health challenges to host countries, as they can cause or exacerbate disease outbreaks within the host location or elsewhere. In July 2012, the 11th Festival of Pacific Arts (FOPA), a mass gathering event involving 22 Pacific island states and territories, was hosted by Solomon Islands. An enhanced syndromic surveillance (ESS) system was implemented for the event. Throughout the capital city, Honiara, 15 sentinel sites were established and successfully took part in the ESS system, which commenced one week before the FOPA (25 June) and concluded eight days after the event (22 July)...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766180/investigation-of-a-measles-outbreak-in-cordillera-northern-philippines-2013
#3
Paola Katrina Ching, Ma Justina Zapanta, Vikki Carr de Los Reyes, Enrique Tayag, Rio Magpantay
INTRODUCTION: Measles is a highly infectious viral illness that remains one of the leading causes of death among children worldwide. In the Philippines, decreasing routine vaccination coverage from 2007 to 2011 led to local measles outbreaks. A team investigated a measles outbreak reported in Cordillera of the Philippines in May 2013. METHODS: Measles case data with symptom onset from 2 February to 27 May 2013 were obtained from official sources and verified on site...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757259/responding-to-the-syphilis-outbreak-in-japan-piloting-a-questionnaire-to-evaluate-potential-risk-factors-for-incident-syphilis-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-tokyo-japan-2015
#4
Masahiro Ishikane, Yuzo Arima, Ichiro Itoda, Takuri Takahashi, Takuya Yamagishi, Tamano Matsui, Tomimasa Sunagawa, Kazunori Oishi, Makoto Ohnishi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757258/measles-prevention-in-adolescents-lessons-learnt-from-implementing-a-high-school-catch-up-vaccination-programme-in-new-south-wales-australia-2014-2015
#5
Sonya Nicholl, Holly Seale, Vicky Sheppeard, Sue Campbell-Lloyd
INTRODUCTION: In response to a significant increase of measles cases and a high percentage of unvaccinated adolescents in New South Wales, Australia, a measles high school catch-up vaccination programme was implemented between August and December 2014. This study aimed to explore the factors affecting school-based supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) and to inform future SIA and routine school-based vaccination programme implementation and service provision. METHODS: Focus group analysis was conducted among public health unit (PHU) staff responsible for implementing the SIA catch-up programme...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757257/perceptions-on-the-risk-communication-strategy-during-the-2013-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-outbreak-in-humans-in-china-a-focus-group-study
#6
Richun Li, Ruiqian Xie, Chong Yang, Melinda Frost
OBJECTIVE: To identify the general public's perceptions of the overall risk communication strategy carried out by Chinese public health agencies during the first wave of avian influenza A(H7N9) outbreak in humans in 2013. METHODS: Participants were recruited from communities in Beijing, Lanzhou and Hangzhou, China in May and June 2013 by convenience sampling. Demographics and other relevant information were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Focus group interviews were conducted using a set of nine pre-developed questions and a tested moderator guide...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508090/epidemiology-and-control-of-tuberculosis-in-the-western-pacific-region-update-with-2013-case-notification-data
#7
Tom Hiatt, Nobuyuki Nishikiori
INTRODUCTION: Since the year 2000, tuberculosis (TB) prevalence in the World Health Organization (WHO) Western Pacific Region decreased 36%. However, there were an estimated 1.6 million TB cases in the Region in 2013. This study describes a regional analysis using the WHO global TB database data from 2000 to 2013. METHODS: TB surveillance data are annually collected from 36 countries and areas in the Western Pacific Region using a web-based system. TB case notifications, treatment outcomes and information on TB/HIV coinfection are analysed descriptively...
April 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508089/prevalence-of-resistance-to-second-line-tuberculosis-drug-among-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-in-viet%C3%A2-nam-2011
#8
Hoa Binh Nguyen, Nhung Viet Nguyen, Huong Thi Giang Tran, Hai Viet Nguyen, Quyen Thi Tu Bui
INTRODUCTION: Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) represents an emerging public health problem worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 9.7% of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases are defined as XDR-TB globally. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of drug resistance to second-line TB drugs among MDR-TB cases detected in the Fourth National Anti-Tuberculosis Drug Resistance Survey in Viet Nam. METHODS: Eighty clusters of TB cases were selected using a probability-proportion-to-size approach...
April 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508088/external-quality-assessment-of-dengue-and-chikungunya-diagnostics-in-the-asia-pacific-region-2015
#9
Li Ting Soh, Raynal C Squires, Li Kiang Tan, Kwoon Yong Pok, HuiTing Yang, Christina Liew, Aparna Singh Shah, John Aaskov, Sazaly Abubakar, Futoshi Hasabe, Lee Ching Ng, Frank Konings
OBJECTIVE: To conduct an external quality assessment (EQA) of dengue and chikungunya diagnostics among national-level public health laboratories in the Asia Pacific region following the first round of EQA for dengue diagnostics in 2013. METHODS: Twenty-four national-level public health laboratories performed routine diagnostic assays on a proficiency testing panel consisting of two modules. Module A contained serum samples spiked with cultured dengue virus (DENV) or chikungunya virus (CHIKV) for the detection of nucleic acid and DENV non-structural protein 1 (NS1) antigen...
April 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508087/assessment-of-the-risk-posed-to-singapore-by-the-2015-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-outbreak-in-the-republic-of-korea
#10
Emma Xuxiao Zhang, Olivia Seen Huey Oh, Wanhan See, Pream Raj, Lyn James, Kamran Khan, Jeannie Su Hui Tey
OBJECTIVE: To assess the public health risk to Singapore posed by the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak in the Republic of Korea in 2015. METHODS: The likelihood of importation of MERS cases and the magnitude of the public health impact in Singapore were assessed to determine overall risk. Literature on the epidemiology and contextual factors associated with MERS coronavirus infection was collected and reviewed. Connectivity between the Republic of Korea and Singapore was analysed...
April 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508086/profile-of-tuberculosis-among-the-foreign-born-population-in-japan-2007-2014
#11
Lisa Kawatsu, Kazuhiro Uchimura, Kiyohiko Izumi, Akihiro Ohkado, Nobukatsu Ishikawa
The proportion of foreign-born people among the newly notified tuberculosis (TB) patients has been increasing in recent years and potentially poses a new challenge to TB control in Japan. In this report, we analysed the data from the Japan TB surveillance system between 2007 and 2014 to gain an overview of the trends and characteristics of foreign-born TB patients in Japan. We found that the proportion of foreign-born TB patients was especially high among the younger age groups - 44.1% among the 20-29 years age group in 2014...
April 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508085/tuberculosis-in-foreign-students-in-japan-2010-2014-a-comparison-with-the-notification-rates-in-their-countries-of-origin
#12
Masaki Ota, Kazuhiro Uchimura, Seiya Kato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757256/preparedness-for-zika-virus-testing-in-the-world-health-organization-western-pacific-region
#13
Raynal C Squires, Frank Konings
On 1 February 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that clusters of microcephaly cases and other neurological disorders occurring in Zika virus (ZIKV)-affected areas constituted a public health emergency of international concern. Increased surveillance of the virus, including the requirement for laboratory confirmation of infection, was recommended. The WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific therefore initiated a rapid survey among national-level public health laboratories in 19 countries and areas to determine regional capacity for ZIKV detection...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757255/vector-control-response-in-a-post-flood-disaster-setting-honiara-solomon-islands-2014
#14
Matthew Shortus, Jennie Musto, Hugo Bugoro, Charles Butafa, Alison Sio, Cynthia Joshua
PROBLEM: The close quartering and exposed living conditions in evacuation centres and the potential increase in vector density after flooding in Solomon Islands resulted in an increased risk of exposure for the occupants to vectorborne diseases. CONTEXT: In April 2014, Solomon Islands experienced a flash flooding event that affected many areas and displaced a large number of people. In the capital, Honiara, nearly 10 000 people were housed in emergency evacuation centres at the peak of the post-flood emergency...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757254/using-the-two-source-capture-recapture-method-to-estimate-the-incidence-and-case-ascertainment-of-congenital-rubella-syndrome-in-australia-1993-2013
#15
Nicolee Martin, David Durrheim, Gulam Khandaker, Michelle Butler, Cheryl Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757253/underreporting-of-influenza-outbreaks-in-aged-care-facilities-in-south-western-sydney-australia-2014
#16
Leng Boonwaat, Stephanie Fletcher-Lartey, Stephen Conaty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757252/communicating-about-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-outbreak-to-the-international-community-and-in-country-foreigners-republic-of-korea-2015
#17
Minwon Lee, Jooyoung Sohn, Kidong Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757251/surveillance-and-response-of-hepatitis-b-virus-in-hong-kong-special-administrative-region-1988-2014
#18
Ada Wai-Chi Lin, Ka-Hing Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757250/engaging-the-international-community-during-the-2015-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-outbreak-in-the-republic-of-korea
#19
Minwon Lee, Hoohee Nam, Sun-Gyu Lee, Ok Park, Youngmee Jee, Kidong Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757249/effect-of-antiviral-prophylaxis-on-influenza-outbreaks-in-aged-care-facilities-in-three-local-health-districts-in-new-south-wales-australia-2014
#20
Tony Merritt, Kirsty Hope, Michelle Butler, David Durrheim, Leena Gupta, Zeina Najjar, Stephen Conaty, Leng Boonwatt, Stephanie Fletcher
BACKGROUND: There was a record number (n = 111) of influenza outbreaks in aged care facilities in New South Wales, Australia during 2014. To determine the impact of antiviral prophylaxis recommendations in practice, influenza outbreak data were compared for facilities in which antiviral prophylaxis and treatment were recommended and for those in which antivirals were recommended for treatment only. METHODS: Routinely collected outbreak data were extracted from the Notifiable Conditions Information Management System for two Local Health Districts where antiviral prophylaxis was routinely recommended and one Local Health District where antivirals were recommended for treatment but not routinely for prophylaxis...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
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