journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688880/hospital-care-for-jews-in-nineteenth-century-amsterdam-the-emergence-of-the-first-jewish-hospitals
#1
Jack Y Vanderhoek
In the early seventeenth century, the Jews formally established two separate communities in Amsterdam, the Portuguese Sephardi and the High German Ashkenazi congregations. Until the end of the eighteenth century, medical care for the Amsterdam indigent Jews had been controlled and regulated by the powerful Parnasim, the de facto rulers, of each community. The primary communal organizations that were exclusively responsible for medical care for the poor were the Bikur Holim societies. This approach for the care of the indigent Jewish sick became ineffective in the nineteenth century and was replaced by a hospital-based system...
April 19, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688879/managing-diabetes-in-patients-hospitalized-in-internal-medicine-units
#2
Irit Hochberg
Diabetes and hyperglycemia are present in over one-third of inpatients in internal medicine units and are associated with worse prognosis in multiple morbidities. Treatment of inpatient hyperglycemia is usually with basal bolus insulin in a dose calculated by the patient's weight, with lower doses recommended in patients who are at a higher risk for hypoglycemia. Other antihyperglycemic medications and insulin regimens can be used in selected patients. There are no adequately powered studies on the effect of improving glycemic control on hospitalization outcomes in non-critically ill patients in internal medicine units, and in most patients a modest glucose target of 140-180 mg/dL is recommended...
April 19, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553924/porphyria-what-is-it-and-who-should-be-evaluated
#3
Yonatan Edel, Rivka Mamet
The porphyrias are a group of rare metabolic disorders, inherited or acquired, along the heme biosynthetic pathway, which could manifest with neurovisceral and/or cutaneous symptoms, depending on the defective enzyme. Neurovisceral porphyrias are characterized by acute attacks, in which excessive heme production is induced following exposure to a trigger. An acute attack usually presents with severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and tachycardia. Other symptoms which could appear include hypertension, hyponatremia, peripheral neuropathy, and mild mental symptoms...
April 19, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517962/temporal-trends-1999-2015-in-the-impact-factor-of-biomedical-journals-published-by-us-and-eu-scientific-societies
#4
Matthew E Falagas, Margarita Kyriakidou, George Spais, Efstathia Argiti, Konstantinos Z Vardakas
OBJECTIVE: The impact factor has emerged as the most popular index of scientific journals' resonance. In this study we aimed to examine the impact factor trends of journals published by scientific bodies in the United States of America (USA) and Europe (EU). METHODS: We randomly chose 11 categories of Journal of Citation Reports and created three research classes: clinical medicine, laboratory medicine, and basic science. The impact factor values for the years 1999-2015 were abstracted, and the impact factor of US and EU journals was studied through the years...
April 19, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514040/a-population-based-study-of-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-in-southern-israel-are-bedouin-women-a-new-high-risk-group
#5
Louise Kezerle, Iftach Sagy, Leah Shalev, Offer Erez, Leonid Barski
OBJECTIVES: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a serious complication of pregnancy. Studies investigating the risk factors that worsen outcomes have yielded conflicting results. The goals of this study were to describe the clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of PPCM in a single tertiary center and to determine the prognostic factors associated with persistence of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in these women. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cross-sectional population-based cohort study included all patients with PPCM confirmed by echocardiography who delivered at our center from 2004 to 2014...
April 19, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514039/a-young-patient-with-leg-weakness-and-hypokalemia-case-report
#6
Elias Andrawus, Irit Hochberg, Zaher S Azzam
A 20-year-old female patient was admitted to hospital because of bilateral leg weakness. Laboratory investigation showed metabolic alkalosis and severe hypokalemia. Differential diagnosis included mineralocorticoid or apparent mineralocorticoid excess diseases, with a high aldosterone-to-renin ratio (ARR) after correcting hypokalemia. After confirmatory tests, imaging studies revealed a unilateral adrenocortical adenoma consistent with Conn's disease. Surgery was curative.
April 19, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406849/abstracts-from-the-fourteenth-rambam-research-day-december-7-2017
#7
Shraga Blazer, Ehud Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406848/unilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis-of-a-great-jewish-opera-singer
#8
Irit Duek, Jacob T Cohen, Ziv Gil
George London was one of the most compelling vocal artists of the early twentieth century. At the age of 47, the great bass-baritone retired from singing. It has been suggested that the premature ending of his operatic career was due to unilateral vocal cord palsy (UVCP). When London retired, the common belief was that this UVCP was caused by viral hepatitis, although there is no evidence to support such an etiology. London's medical records eliminate the possible etiology of a neck neoplasm, and the long period of time between a heart attack he experienced and his diagnosis of UVCP makes a cardiovascular etiology an unlikely causative factor...
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406847/outer-limits-of-biotechnologies-a-jewish-perspective
#9
John D Loike, Alan Kadish
A great deal of biomedical research focuses on new biotechnologies such as gene editing, stem cell biology, and reproductive medicine, which have created a scientific revolution. While the potential medical benefits of this research may be far-reaching, ethical issues related to non-medical applications of these technologies are demanding. We analyze, from a Jewish legal perspective, some of the ethical conundrums that society faces in pushing the outer limits in researching these new biotechnologies.
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406846/six-values-never-to-silence-jewish-perspectives-on-nazi-medical-professionalism
#10
REVIEW
Jacob M Kolman, Susan M Miller
An ideological case study based on medical profession norms during the Third Reich will be used to exemplify the importance of diversity in the manifestations of professional ethics. The German professional medical community banned their Jewish colleagues from treating German citizens. This included legally mandated employment discrimination and outright censure which led to a professional ethic devoid of diverse voices. While the escalation to the T-4 program and medicalized genocide was influenced by many causes, the intentional, ethnocentric-based exclusion of voices was an important contributing element to the chronicled degradation of societal mores...
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406845/learning-from-job-a-rare-genetic-disease-and-lessons-of-biblical-proportions
#11
REVIEW
Joshua D Milner
Dominant negative mutations in STAT3, a critical signaling molecule and transcription factor in multiple organ systems, lead to a rare monogenic disease called the STAT3 loss-of-function, autosomal dominant hyper-IgE syndrome (STAT3LOF AD-HIES). The original name for this syndrome, Job's syndrome, was derived from the observation that patients had a propensity to develop skin boils, reminiscent of the affliction cast upon the biblical Job. Many fascinating observations have been made regarding the pathogenesis of the disease and the role STAT3 plays in human health and disease...
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406844/an-insight-into-the-effect-of-exercises-on-the-prevention-of-osteoporosis-and-associated-fractures-in-high-risk-individuals
#12
REVIEW
Helen Senderovich, Andrew Kosmopoulos
The purpose of this review was to investigate what type of exercises can potentially prevent osteoporosis (OP) and its associated fractures in high-risk populations. MEDLINE was searched for work relevant to various types of exercises used to prevent osteoporotic fractures in high-risk population, from the year 1995 onwards. Twelve articles were identified, and, from them, four were deemed suitable to the objective. The studies reviewed show that various types of exercise are effective and safe in preventing the onset of OP...
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406843/factors-affecting-surgical-decision-making-a-qualitative-study
#13
Caroline Gunaratnam, Mark Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Guidelines and Class 1 evidence are strong factors that help guide surgeons' decision-making, but dilemmas exist in selecting the best surgical option, usually without the benefit of guidelines or Class 1 evidence. A few studies have discussed the variability of surgical treatment options that are currently available, but no study has examined surgeons' views on the influential factors that encourage them to choose one surgical treatment over another. This study examines the influential factors and the thought process that encourage surgeons to make these decisions in such circumstances...
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406842/a-unique-publication-model-that-works
#14
EDITORIAL
Shraga Blazer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135419/the-risk-of-cancer-might-be-lower-than-we-think-alternatives-to-lifetime-risk-estimates
#15
Gilat L Grunau, Shay Gueron, Boris Pornov, Shai Linn
BACKGROUND: Estimates of lifetime cancer risk are commonly used in the clinical setting and in health-care evaluations. These measures are based on lifetime cancer risk estimates and may create an unrealistically frightening perception of cancer risk for an individual. We suggest using two new measures of cancer risk to complement the cancer lifetime risk measure, namely estimates of cancer risk from birth to a specific age or from a specific age to life expectancy. METHODS: We calculated risks using incidence density data from the Israel National Cancer Registry of 2013, applying a well-known formula for calculating risk, for a follow-up time...
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035696/the-reliability-of-surgical-apgar-score-in-predicting-immediate-and-late-postoperative-morbidity-and-mortality-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Abhijit Nair, Aanchal Bharuka, Basanth Kumar Rayani
Surgical Apgar Score is a simple, 10-point scoring system in which a low score reliably identifies those patients at risk for adverse perioperative outcomes. Surgical techniques and anesthesia management should be directed in such a way that the Surgical Apgar Score remains higher to avoid postoperative morbidity and mortality.
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215980/unilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis-of-a-great-jewish-opera-singer
#17
Irit Duek, Jacob T Cohen, Ziv Gil
George London was one of the most compelling vocal artists of the early twentieth century. At the age of 47, the great bass-baritone retired from singing. It has been suggested that the premature ending of his operatic career was due to unilateral vocal cord palsy (UVCP). When London retired, the common belief was that this UVCP was caused by viral hepatitis, although there is no evidence to support such an etiology. London's medical records eliminate the possible etiology of a neck neoplasm, and the long period of time between a heart attack he experienced and his diagnosis of UVCP makes a cardiovascular etiology an unlikely causative factor...
December 6, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059046/artificial-sperm-new-horizons-in-procreation
#18
REVIEW
Valentin Shabataev, Raanan Tal
Azoospermia, the absence of any sperm cells from the ejaculated semen, poses a real challenge to the fertility urologist. While there are options to create happy families for azoospermic couples, such as the use of donor sperm and adoption, most couples still want to have genetically related offspring. Advances in urology, gynecology, and fertility laboratory technologies allow surgical sperm retrieval in azoospermic men and achievement of live births for many, but not all azoospermic couples. At present, there are extensive research efforts in several directions to create new fertility options by creating "artificial sperm cells...
October 16, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059045/update-on-screening-for-urological-malignancies
#19
REVIEW
Azik Hoffman, Elizabeth E Half
Urological malignancies are a major source of morbidity and mortality in men over 40. Screening for those malignancies has a potential benefit of reducing both. However, even after more than two decades of screening for prostate cancer, the implications of most resulting information are still a matter of debate. Controversy extends over several aspects of prostate cancer screening programs, including age of onset, defining populations at risk, most appropriate intervals, as well as the optimal methods to be used for screening...
October 16, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059044/expanding-the-utilization-of-robotic-procedures-in-urologic-surgery
#20
REVIEW
Tareq Aro, Michael Mullerad, Gilad E Amiel
Although the word "robot" was coined in 1921, only close to 70 years later were robotic devices developed to assist during surgery. Urology has always been at the forefront of endoscopic, minimally invasive, and robotic developments in medicine. Robotic prostatectomy signaled the emerging role of robotic surgery in urology, but since then it has been applied to every urologic laparoscopic procedure.
October 16, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
journal
journal
47697
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"