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Journal of Reproduction & Infertility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167399/ultrasound-guided-ex-vivo-retrieval-of-mature-oocytes-for-fertility-preservation-during-laparoscopic-oophorectomy-a-case-report
#1
Enrique Perez de la Blanca, Maria Fuensanta Fernandez-Perez, Elena Del Mar Martin-Diaz, Manuel Lozano, Marta Garcia-Sanchez, Carolina Monedero
Background: Cryopreservation of oocytes is an efficient method of fertility preservation (FP) that can be applied in women suffering from gynecologic conditions that menace their reproductive future. Collection of oocytes becomes challenging in some scenarios, like the possibility of an ovarian cancer, the " ex-vivo " harvest of oocytes for FP, aspirating follicles directly from the ovarian specimen already excised by laparotomy or laparoscopy and it is an option for these cases...
July 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167398/infertile-couples-prefer-twins-analysis-of-their-reasons-and-clinical-characteristics-related-to-this-preference
#2
Rosario Mendoza, Teresa Jáuregui, Maria Diaz-Nuñez, Mariana de la Sota, Alaitz Hidalgo, Marcos Ferrando, Lorea Martínez-Indart, Antonia Expósito, Roberto Matorras
Background: The number of multiple pregnancies has been significantly increased in the last decades due to assisted reproduction techniques development. Compared to singleton, twins and multiple pregnancies are associated to more complications and risks for both mother and children. The objective of this study was to examine the proportion of patients preferring a multiple birth over a singleton after an IVF/ICSI attempt, their reasons and the influence of socio-demographic and clinical parameters on their preference...
July 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167397/-ambivalence-perception-the-consequence-of-exposure-to-pregnancy-in-iranian-adolescent-women-a-qualitative-study
#3
Maryam Moridi, Farkhondeh Aminshokravi
Background: Adolescent pregnancy is an important health problem, significantly related to negative effects on the health of both adolescent mothers and their babies. Little is known about adolescent pregnancy from the perspective of the adolescents, especially in developing countries. The present study aimed to explore the perception of response to pregnancy in Iranian adolescent women. Methods: This conventional content analysis was conducted from November 2015 to October 2016 in Guilan Province (In the north of Iran)...
July 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167396/safety-profile-of-levonorgestrel-a-disproportionality-analysis-of-food-and-drug-administration-adverse-event-reporting-system-faers-database
#4
Anitha Kurian, Kanika Kaushik, Viswam Subeesh, Eswaran Maheswari, Radhika Kunnavil
Background: Levonorgestrel is most commonly utilized as an emergency oral contraceptive. Little is known and/or studied about the adverse effects of levonorgestrel, therefore, current investigation was aimed to generate signal for unreported adverse drug reactions of levonorgestrel using disproportionality analysis in food and drug administration adverse events reporting system database. Methods: In FDA Adverse Events Reporting System (FAERS) database, all adverse event reports for levonorgestrel between January 2006 to June 2015 were identified and disproportionality analysis was conducted for selected adverse events of levonorgestrel using Reporting Odds Ratio, Proportional Reporting Ratio and Information Component with 95% confidence interval...
July 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167395/2d-and-3d-trans-vaginal-sonography-to-determine-cut-offs-for-ovarian-volume-and-follicle-number-per-ovary-for-diagnosis-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-indian-women
#5
Kar Sujata, Samparna Swoyam
Background: The purpose of the study was to determine cut-off values for ovarian volume (OV) and follicle number per ovary (FNPO) in Indian women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: Eighty six PCOS women (Rotterdam criteria) and forty five matched ovulatory and normo-androgenic women were recruited. A detailed 2D and 3D trans-vaginal scan was carried out in early follicular phase (D2-D5) in all patients. Ovarian volume, follicle number per ovary, stromal volume, vascularization index (VI), vascularization flow index (VFI) and flow index (FI) were measured in PCOS and controls...
July 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167394/activity-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-and-9-in-follicular-fluid-and-seminal-plasma-and-its-relation-to-embryo-quality-and-fertilization-rate
#6
Mojgan Atabakhsh, Iraj Khodadadi, Iraj Amiri, Hossain Mahjub, Heidar Tavilani
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the activity of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and 9 (MMP-9) in follicular fluid and seminal plasma and the correlation of their activities with parameters that are important in successful intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Methods: Seventy-four infertile couples admitted to the Research Center for Endometrium and Endometriosis to carry out ICSI method were enrolled in this study. Follicular fluid was collected after retrieving the oocyte...
July 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167393/effect-of-catsper-and-hv1-channel-inhibition-on-progesterone-stimulated-human-sperm
#7
Sara Keshtgar, Hamideh Ghanbari, Esmaeel Ghani, Seyed Mostafa Shid Moosavi
Background: Intracellular calcium and proton concentrations are important factors for activating human sperm. Calcium ion (Ca2+ ) enters sperm through voltage-dependent calcium channel of sperm (CatSper). Proton was extruded from sperm through voltage-gated proton channel (Hv1). In the present study, the selective inhibitors of the CatSper and Hv1 channels, NNC 55-0396 (NNC) and zinc ion, respectively, were used to investigate functions of these channels. Methods: Normal semen samples (n=24) were washed and diluted to 20×106 sperm/ml ...
July 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167392/female-fertility-preservation-clinical-and-experimental-options
#8
REVIEW
Zahra Rajabi, Fereshteh Aliakbari, Hossein Yazdekhasti
Recently, due to tremendous progress in prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of different kinds of malignancies, demands on fertility preservation were raised significantly in developed countries. Fertility failure is one of the most detrimental consequences of radio/cytotoxic treatment procedures in women who could overcome their cancer disease. For women who are involved in cancer diseases, there are multiple options regarding their fertility preservation and those could be selected according to patient's age, the risk of ovarian involvement, the available time and the type of cancer with different levels of advantages and disadvantages...
July 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167391/oocytes-embryos-banking-a-vague-hope-for-poor-responder-women
#9
EDITORIAL
Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009147/ebstein-anomaly-with-pregnancy-a-rare-case
#10
Nalini Sharma, Thiek Jion Lalnunnem, Megha Nandwani, Singh Ahanthem Santa, Baingen Warjari Synrang
Background: Ebstein anomaly is an uncommon, complex congenital malformation of the heart with prevalence of 0.3-0.5%. It occurs in 1% of congenital heart disease cases. It is characterized by dysplastic abnormalities of tricuspid valve which involves both basal and free attachments of the tricuspid valve leaflets, with downward displacement and elongation of the septal and anterior cusp which resulting in tricuspid regurgitation, the proximal part of the right ventricle is "atrialised", becoming thin walled and poorly contractile, along with an enlarged right atrium...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009146/to-what-extent-are-cryopreserved-sperm-and-testicular-biopsy-samples-used-in-assisted-reproduction
#11
Bernd Rosenbusch
Background: Testicular biopsies and ejaculated spermatozoa are routinely cryopreserved in many units but the fate of these samples has not provoked large interest. This prompted us to review our data accumulated during a period of 20 years (1997 to 2016). Methods: For patients with biopsies (group 1) or ejaculated spermatozoa (group 2), an attempt was made to evaluate whether the samples stored, had been discarded with the patient's consent or because the patient had died, or whether they had been transported to another laboratory...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009145/metabolic-fingerprinting-of-seminal-plasma-from-non-obstructive-azoospermia-patients-positive-versus-negative-sperm-retrieval
#12
Kambiz Gilany, Naser Jafarzadeh, Ahmad Mani-Varnosfaderani, Arash Minai-Tehrani, Mohammed Reza Sadeghi, Mahsa Darbandi, Sara Darbandi, Mehdi Amini, Babak Arjmand, Zhamak Pahlevanzadeh
Background: Non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) occurs in approximately 10% of infertile men. Retrieval of the spermatozoa from the testicle of NOA patients is an invasive approach. Seminal plasma is an excellent source for exploring to find the biomarkers for presence of spermatozoa in testicular tissue. The present discovery phase study aimed to use metabolic fingerprinting to detect spermatogenesis from seminal plasma in NOA patients as a non-invasive method. Methods: In this study, 20 men with NOA were identified based on histological analysis who had their first testicular biopsy in 2015 at Avicenna Fertility Center, Tehran, Iran...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009144/decreased-expression-of-cdc25a-in-azoospermia-as-the-etiology-of-spermatogenesis-failure
#13
Dwi Anita Suryandari, Yurnadi Hanafi Midoen, Luluk Yunaini, Sari Setyaningsih, Hans-Joachim Freisleben
Background: Spermatogenesis is a tightly regulated developmental process of male germ cells. The stages in spermatogenesis are mitosis, meiosis and spermiogenesis. One of the genes playing a role in meiosis is Cell Division Cycle 25A (CDC25A). Decreased expression of CDC25A is associated with failure of spermatogenesis and sperm retrieval. Infertility examination for azoospermia has been limited on histological examination. Hence, molecular research to find marker genes for infertility will improve the examination of testis biopsies...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009143/angiotensin-type-2-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-preeclampsia
#14
Mohammad Sadegh Soltani-Zangbar, Behnoush Pahlavani, Jaleh Zolghadri, Behrouz Gharesi-Fard
Background: The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between angiotensin II type 1 receptor at position+1166 (AT1R+1166A/C; rs5186) and angiotensin II type 2 receptor at position+1675 (AT2R+1675A/G; rs5194) gene polymorphisms with preeclampsia in an Iranian women population. Methods: 430 women were recruited in this study including 212 preeclamptics and 218 healthy women. PCR-RFLP method was used for genotyping the polymorphisms. Chi square and Fisher exact test were used for comparing case and control groups...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009142/assessment-of-pgc1%C3%AE-fndc5-axis-in-granulosa-cells-of-pcos-mouse-model
#15
Shabnam Bakhshalizadeh, Farzaneh Rabiee, Reza Shirazi, Kamran Ghaedi, Fardin Amidi, Mohammad Hossein Nasr-Esfahani
Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a metabolic and endocrine disorder which is characterized by hyperandrogenism, anovulation or oligomenorrhea and polycystic ovarian morphology. It is believed that modulation in metabolism of granulosa cells of PCOS patients may lead to infertility. One of the metabolic modulators is FNDC5 and its cleaved form, irisin. The axis of PGC1α-FNDC5 pathway is one of the main factors affecting cellular energy balance the purpose of this study was to evaluate this pathway in granulosa cells derived from PCOS mice model in comparison with control group...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009141/review-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-in-iran-based-on-epidemiological-situation
#16
REVIEW
Mohsen Arbabi, Mahdi Delavari, Zohreh Fakhrieh-Kashan, Hossein Hooshyar
Trichomoniasis, which is caused by Trichomonas vaginalis , is the most common non-viral sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the world including Iran. There were roughly 250 million new cases all over the world in a year. T. vaginalis as an important disease has been associated with HIV (in terms of exposure to sexually transmitted infection, STI) which increases the number of high-risk members, and thus it is an important public health problem. Additionally, this pathogen has been associated with serious health consequences...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009140/zinc-is-an-essential-element-for-male-fertility-a-review-of-zn-roles-in-men-s-health-germination-sperm-quality-and-fertilization
#17
REVIEW
Ali Fallah, Azadeh Mohammad-Hasani, Abasalt Hosseinzadeh Colagar
Zinc (Zn) is the second most abundant trace element in human, which can't be stored in the body, thus regular dietary intake is required. This review explained the physiological and pathogenesis roles of zinc in men's health and its potentials in germination, quality of sperm, and fertilization. Our investigation showed that Zn contained many unique properties in human, especially males. The antioxidant quality is one of them. Also, the increased reactive oxygen species levels in the seminal plasma of men who are both infertile and smokers influence the Zn content of seminal plasma in a way that physiology of spermatozoa can be affected as well...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009139/the-40th-anniversary-of-ivf-has-art-s-success-reached-its-peak
#18
EDITORIAL
Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850449/de-novo-balanced-robertsonian-translocation-rob-22-22-q10-q10-in-a-woman-with-recurrent-pregnancy-loss-a-rare-case
#19
Nawras Alhalabi, Walid Al-Achkar, Abdulsamad Wafa, Mazen Kenj, Marwan Alhalabi
Background: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), one of the most common complications of pregnancy, is responsible for significant emotional distress to the couple desiring to conceive. In almost 50% of the cases, the etiology remains unknown. The frequency of chromosomal structural rearrangements associated with a history of RPL in couples varies between 2% to 8%. Robertsonian translocations (ROBs) have an estimated incidence rate of 1/1000 births, making this type of rearrangement the most common structural chromosomal abnormalities seen in the general population...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850448/a-new-approach-to-an-old-concept-for-reducing-shoulder-pain-caused-by-gynecological-laparoscopy
#20
Shahla Chaichian, Bahram Moazzami, Ameneh Haghgoo, Kourosh Sheibani
Background: The purpose of this study was to introduce a technique to extract the remaining peritoneal gas in order to improve the post-laparoscopic shoulder pain. Methods: This study included 12 patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic procedures between February and March 2016 in Minimally Invasive Techniques Research Center, Pars Hospital, Tehran, Iran. For complete suction of the air from abdominal cavity, the air was first vacuumed from the pelvic cavity in Trendelenburg position and then the patients were put in anti-Trendelenburg position...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
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