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Journal of Reproduction & Infertility

Nawras Alhalabi, Walid Al-Achkar, Abdulsamad Wafa, Mazen Kenj, Marwan Alhalabi
Background: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), one of the most common complications of pregnancy, is responsible for significant emotional distress to the couple desiring to conceive. In almost 50% of the cases, the etiology remains unknown. The frequency of chromosomal structural rearrangements associated with a history of RPL in couples varies between 2% to 8%. Robertsonian translocations (ROBs) have an estimated incidence rate of 1/1000 births, making this type of rearrangement the most common structural chromosomal abnormalities seen in the general population...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Shahla Chaichian, Bahram Moazzami, Ameneh Haghgoo, Kourosh Sheibani
Background: The purpose of this study was to introduce a technique to extract the remaining peritoneal gas in order to improve the post-laparoscopic shoulder pain. Methods: This study included 12 patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic procedures between February and March 2016 in Minimally Invasive Techniques Research Center, Pars Hospital, Tehran, Iran. For complete suction of the air from abdominal cavity, the air was first vacuumed from the pelvic cavity in Trendelenburg position and then the patients were put in anti-Trendelenburg position...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Elizabeth Ximena Castrillón-Duque, Jennifer Puerta Suárez, Walter Dario Cardona Maya
Background: Candida spp. causes semen candidiasis, the most important sexually transmitted fungal infection; this microorganism affects male fertility potential and could alter oocyte fertilization. The in vitro effects of the yeasts Candida albicans and Candida glabrata and their soluble factors of fungal metabolism on semen quality were studied. Methods: Candida strains (2, 0.5 and 0.05 McF) and their soluble factors were incubated for 3 hr with selected spermatozoa...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Masumeh Heidari, Farkhondeh Aminshokravi, Farid Zayeri, Seyed Ali Azin
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of husbands' participation in sexual education on sexual function during pregnancy. Methods: This quasi experimental study was conducted on 123 couples who were divided in two intervention (A: couples, B: pregnant women) and one control (C) groups. Group A couples received sex education, Group B women received sex education without their spouses, and Group C women received routine prenatal care without sex education...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Narges Joulaeerad, Giti Ozgoli, Homa Hajimehdipoor, Erfan Ghasemi, Fatemeh Salehimoghaddam
Background: Nausea and vomiting are common complaints in the first half of pregnancy. These symptoms can significantly affect a person's personal and professional life. Aromatherapy is one of the types of complementary medicine that is used in the treatment of nausea and vomiting. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of aromatherapy with peppermint oil on the severity of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP). Methods: This was a single-blind clinical trial that was conducted on 56 pregnant women with mild to moderate severity of NVP and 6 to 20 weeks of gestational age...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Patsama Vichinsartvichai, Khanitta Traipak, Chirawattana Manolertthewan
Background: The probability of conception occurs before ovulation in natural cycle, thus performing IUI before ovulation should not compromise the pregnancy outcomes. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a university hospital during 2007 to 2015. The ovarian stimulation and monitoring were performed as usual. The total of 29 preovulatory IUI, and 221 postovulatory IUI couples were recruited. In postovulatory IUI, 5,000 IU of hCG was injected when dominant follicle reached 17 mm ...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Krishna Deepika, Davuluri Sindhuma, Bijlani Kiran, Nair Ravishankar, Praneesh Gautham, Rao Kamini
Background: The objective of this study was to analyze the incidence and the underlying mechanisms of empty follicle syndrome (EFS) occurring in gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) triggered in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles with GnRH antagonist protocol in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) of Indian origin. The study also intended to evaluate the cycle outcome following a rescue trigger. Methods: Retrospective cohort analysis of data was extracted from the hospital database of 271 PCOS patients who underwent IVF in antagonist protocol triggered with GnRHa from August 2014 to December 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Ali Hamidi-Madani, Reza Motiee, Gholamreza Mokhtari, Hamidreza Nasseh, Samaneh Esmaeili, Ehsan Kazemnezhad
Background: Several medical therapies have been proposed for the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE). Paroxetine and tramadol were both reported to be effective in treatment of PE. In this study, the therapeutic effects of tramadol, paroxetine and placebo were compared in treatment of primary PE. Methods: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 150 patients were divided into 3 groups. One group was treated with tramadol 50 mg ondemand, the other group took paroxetine 20 mg on-demand and the third group was treated with placebo...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Nasibeh Karimi, Reza Alibakhshi, Shekoufeh Almasi
Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is one of the most common autosomal recessive disorders in Caucasian population. The incidence of disorder varies among different religious, ethnic and geographical isolates. The aim of this study was to identify the spectrum and the frequency of known and unknown disease-causing mutations in Iranian CF patients. Methods: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral whole blood with a QIAamp DNA Mini-Kit. Mutation analysis was done in the CFTR gene including complete coding region and intron/exon boundaries using a direct sequencing method...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Bernd Rosenbusch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Nalini Sharma, Rituparna Das, Sushila Salam, Roma Jethani, Ahanthem Santa Singh
Background: Various placental and cord abnormalities have been known to adversely affect the obstetric outcome. Circumvallate placenta and Battledore insertion of the umbilical cord are both rare and known to be associated with poor obstetric outcome individually. Case Presentation: In this case report, the woman presented at 8 months of gestation with preeclampsia with IUFD to North Easter Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Science Shillong on 22/7/16 and delivered a macerated fetus vaginally...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Ensieh Shahrokh-Tehraninejad, Zeynab Vosoog, Fatemeh Farajzadeh-Vajari
Background: Infertility as one of most concerning topics in childbearing age mothers needs better managements with less complications and IVF can be assumed as an efficient method. This study aimed to compare pregnancy outcomes in fresh and frozen embryos transferred in IVF cycles. Methods: In a retrospective study, 11201 patients underwent IVF cycles from 21st March 2013 to 20th March 2014 and they were categorized into two groups according to age, previous tubal disease and surgery, tubal ligation, and previous ectopic pregnancy variables...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Simin Zafardoust, Mohammad Mehdi Akhondi, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi, Afsaneh Mohammadzadeh, Atousa Karimi, Sheyda Jouhari, Soheila Ansaripour
Background: Endometrium undergoes several changes in structure and cellular composition during pregnancy. Granulocyte Colony-stimulating Factor (GCS-F) is an important cytokine with critical role in embryo implantation and pregnancy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of intrauterine injection of G-CSF in patients who suffer from unexplained recurrent miscarriage (RM). Methods: In the present randomized clinical trial, a total of 68 patients were randomly allocated into two study groups including intrauterine G-CSF (n=23, 300 μg ) injection and control group (n=27, no G-CSF injection)...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Rachael Shirlow, Martin Healey, Michelle Volovsky, Vivien MacLachlan, Beverley Vollenhoven
Background: Many adjuvant therapies are employed during IVF treatment in an attempt to improve outcomes. The objective of our study was to evaluate the impact of thirteen adjuvants (Intralipid, steroids, melatonin, coenzyme Q10, Filgrastim, testosterone, DHEA, growth hormone, antibiotics, hCG infusion, aspirin, enoxaparin/heparin and dopamine agonists) on the success of embryo transfers. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of all embryo transfers between January 2010 and April 2015 from a multi-site IVF clinic...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Rubina Izhar, Samia Husain, Suhaima Tahir, Sonia Husain
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of poor ovarian response criteria to classify women presenting with infertility and oligomenorrhea as having "occult" premature ovarian insufficiency. Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Aziz Medical Center, Karachi, Pakistan from 1st August 2015 to 31st July 2016. Women with infertility and oligomenorrhea were included. All eligible women underwent day 2 FSH level and an early follicular phase transvaginal ultrasound to assess the antral follicular count (AFC)...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Shima Mohammadi, Parvin Kayedpoor, Latifeh Karimzadeh-Bardei, Mohammad Nabiuni
Background: Having low-grade chronic inflammation such as elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) plays a crucial role in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This study aimed at investigating the therapeutic effects of curcumin on IL-6, CRP and TNF-α and symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome. Methods: In this research, 72 female adult Wistar rats were divided into control (n=12), PCOS (n=12) and curcumin-treated PCOS groups (n=48)...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Mahboobeh Amoushahi, Mojdeh Salehnia, Seyed Javad Mowla
Background: The objective of this study was determination of the changes in the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number and enzyme activity and transcription factor A (TFAM) gene expression in oocytes after vitrification. Methods: The oocytes at metaphase II (MII) stage (n=320) were collected from super-ovulated adult female mice (n=40). These oocytes were divided into vitrified and non-vitrified groups (n=160 in each group). After vitrification of oocytes, ROS level, mtDNA copy number; TFAM gene expression and mitochondrial enzymes activity (cytochrome C oxidase and succinate dehydrogenase) were assessed and compared with non-vitrified group...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Arpit Bhargava, Neelam Pathak, Radhey Shyam Sharma, Nirmal Kumar Lohiya, Pradyumna Kumar Mishra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
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