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Journal of Reproduction & Infertility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009147/ebstein-anomaly-with-pregnancy-a-rare-case
#1
Nalini Sharma, Thiek Jion Lalnunnem, Megha Nandwani, Singh Ahanthem Santa, Baingen Warjari Synrang
Background: Ebstein anomaly is an uncommon, complex congenital malformation of the heart with prevalence of 0.3-0.5%. It occurs in 1% of congenital heart disease cases. It is characterized by dysplastic abnormalities of tricuspid valve which involves both basal and free attachments of the tricuspid valve leaflets, with downward displacement and elongation of the septal and anterior cusp which resulting in tricuspid regurgitation, the proximal part of the right ventricle is "atrialised", becoming thin walled and poorly contractile, along with an enlarged right atrium...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009146/to-what-extent-are-cryopreserved-sperm-and-testicular-biopsy-samples-used-in-assisted-reproduction
#2
Bernd Rosenbusch
Background: Testicular biopsies and ejaculated spermatozoa are routinely cryopreserved in many units but the fate of these samples has not provoked large interest. This prompted us to review our data accumulated during a period of 20 years (1997 to 2016). Methods: For patients with biopsies (group 1) or ejaculated spermatozoa (group 2), an attempt was made to evaluate whether the samples stored, had been discarded with the patient's consent or because the patient had died, or whether they had been transported to another laboratory...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009145/metabolic-fingerprinting-of-seminal-plasma-from-non-obstructive-azoospermia-patients-positive-versus-negative-sperm-retrieval
#3
Kambiz Gilany, Naser Jafarzadeh, Ahmad Mani-Varnosfaderani, Arash Minai-Tehrani, Mohammed Reza Sadeghi, Mahsa Darbandi, Sara Darbandi, Mehdi Amini, Babak Arjmand, Zhamak Pahlevanzadeh
Background: Non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) occurs in approximately 10% of infertile men. Retrieval of the spermatozoa from the testicle of NOA patients is an invasive approach. Seminal plasma is an excellent source for exploring to find the biomarkers for presence of spermatozoa in testicular tissue. The present discovery phase study aimed to use metabolic fingerprinting to detect spermatogenesis from seminal plasma in NOA patients as a non-invasive method. Methods: In this study, 20 men with NOA were identified based on histological analysis who had their first testicular biopsy in 2015 at Avicenna Fertility Center, Tehran, Iran...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009144/decreased-expression-of-cdc25a-in-azoospermia-as-the-etiology-of-spermatogenesis-failure
#4
Dwi Anita Suryandari, Yurnadi Hanafi Midoen, Luluk Yunaini, Sari Setyaningsih, Hans-Joachim Freisleben
Background: Spermatogenesis is a tightly regulated developmental process of male germ cells. The stages in spermatogenesis are mitosis, meiosis and spermiogenesis. One of the genes playing a role in meiosis is Cell Division Cycle 25A (CDC25A). Decreased expression of CDC25A is associated with failure of spermatogenesis and sperm retrieval. Infertility examination for azoospermia has been limited on histological examination. Hence, molecular research to find marker genes for infertility will improve the examination of testis biopsies...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009143/angiotensin-type-2-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-preeclampsia
#5
Mohammad Sadegh Soltani-Zangbar, Behnoush Pahlavani, Jaleh Zolghadri, Behrouz Gharesi-Fard
Background: The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between angiotensin II type 1 receptor at position+1166 (AT1R+1166A/C; rs5186) and angiotensin II type 2 receptor at position+1675 (AT2R+1675A/G; rs5194) gene polymorphisms with preeclampsia in an Iranian women population. Methods: 430 women were recruited in this study including 212 preeclamptics and 218 healthy women. PCR-RFLP method was used for genotyping the polymorphisms. Chi square and Fisher exact test were used for comparing case and control groups...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009142/assessment-of-pgc1%C3%AE-fndc5-axis-in-granulosa-cells-of-pcos-mouse-model
#6
Shabnam Bakhshalizadeh, Farzaneh Rabiee, Reza Shirazi, Kamran Ghaedi, Fardin Amidi, Mohammad Hossein Nasr-Esfahani
Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a metabolic and endocrine disorder which is characterized by hyperandrogenism, anovulation or oligomenorrhea and polycystic ovarian morphology. It is believed that modulation in metabolism of granulosa cells of PCOS patients may lead to infertility. One of the metabolic modulators is FNDC5 and its cleaved form, irisin. The axis of PGC1α-FNDC5 pathway is one of the main factors affecting cellular energy balance the purpose of this study was to evaluate this pathway in granulosa cells derived from PCOS mice model in comparison with control group...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009141/review-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-in-iran-based-on-epidemiological-situation
#7
REVIEW
Mohsen Arbabi, Mahdi Delavari, Zohreh Fakhrieh-Kashan, Hossein Hooshyar
Trichomoniasis, which is caused by Trichomonas vaginalis , is the most common non-viral sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the world including Iran. There were roughly 250 million new cases all over the world in a year. T. vaginalis as an important disease has been associated with HIV (in terms of exposure to sexually transmitted infection, STI) which increases the number of high-risk members, and thus it is an important public health problem. Additionally, this pathogen has been associated with serious health consequences...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009140/zinc-is-an-essential-element-for-male-fertility-a-review-of-zn-roles-in-men-s-health-germination-sperm-quality-and-fertilization
#8
REVIEW
Ali Fallah, Azadeh Mohammad-Hasani, Abasalt Hosseinzadeh Colagar
Zinc (Zn) is the second most abundant trace element in human, which can't be stored in the body, thus regular dietary intake is required. This review explained the physiological and pathogenesis roles of zinc in men's health and its potentials in germination, quality of sperm, and fertilization. Our investigation showed that Zn contained many unique properties in human, especially males. The antioxidant quality is one of them. Also, the increased reactive oxygen species levels in the seminal plasma of men who are both infertile and smokers influence the Zn content of seminal plasma in a way that physiology of spermatozoa can be affected as well...
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009139/the-40th-anniversary-of-ivf-has-art-s-success-reached-its-peak
#9
EDITORIAL
Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850449/de-novo-balanced-robertsonian-translocation-rob-22-22-q10-q10-in-a-woman-with-recurrent-pregnancy-loss-a-rare-case
#10
Nawras Alhalabi, Walid Al-Achkar, Abdulsamad Wafa, Mazen Kenj, Marwan Alhalabi
Background: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), one of the most common complications of pregnancy, is responsible for significant emotional distress to the couple desiring to conceive. In almost 50% of the cases, the etiology remains unknown. The frequency of chromosomal structural rearrangements associated with a history of RPL in couples varies between 2% to 8%. Robertsonian translocations (ROBs) have an estimated incidence rate of 1/1000 births, making this type of rearrangement the most common structural chromosomal abnormalities seen in the general population...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850448/a-new-approach-to-an-old-concept-for-reducing-shoulder-pain-caused-by-gynecological-laparoscopy
#11
Shahla Chaichian, Bahram Moazzami, Ameneh Haghgoo, Kourosh Sheibani
Background: The purpose of this study was to introduce a technique to extract the remaining peritoneal gas in order to improve the post-laparoscopic shoulder pain. Methods: This study included 12 patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic procedures between February and March 2016 in Minimally Invasive Techniques Research Center, Pars Hospital, Tehran, Iran. For complete suction of the air from abdominal cavity, the air was first vacuumed from the pelvic cavity in Trendelenburg position and then the patients were put in anti-Trendelenburg position...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850447/yeast-and-fertility-effects-of-in-vitro-activity-of-candida-spp-on-sperm-quality
#12
Elizabeth Ximena Castrillón-Duque, Jennifer Puerta Suárez, Walter Dario Cardona Maya
Background: Candida spp. causes semen candidiasis, the most important sexually transmitted fungal infection; this microorganism affects male fertility potential and could alter oocyte fertilization. The in vitro effects of the yeasts Candida albicans and Candida glabrata and their soluble factors of fungal metabolism on semen quality were studied. Methods: Candida strains (2, 0.5 and 0.05 McF) and their soluble factors were incubated for 3 hr with selected spermatozoa...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850446/effect-of-sexual-education-on-sexual-function-of-iranian-couples-during-pregnancy-a-quasi-experimental-study
#13
Masumeh Heidari, Farkhondeh Aminshokravi, Farid Zayeri, Seyed Ali Azin
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of husbands' participation in sexual education on sexual function during pregnancy. Methods: This quasi experimental study was conducted on 123 couples who were divided in two intervention (A: couples, B: pregnant women) and one control (C) groups. Group A couples received sex education, Group B women received sex education without their spouses, and Group C women received routine prenatal care without sex education...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850445/effect-of-aromatherapy-with-peppermint-oil-on-the-severity-of-nausea-and-vomiting-in-pregnancy-a-single-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Narges Joulaeerad, Giti Ozgoli, Homa Hajimehdipoor, Erfan Ghasemi, Fatemeh Salehimoghaddam
Background: Nausea and vomiting are common complaints in the first half of pregnancy. These symptoms can significantly affect a person's personal and professional life. Aromatherapy is one of the types of complementary medicine that is used in the treatment of nausea and vomiting. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of aromatherapy with peppermint oil on the severity of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP). Methods: This was a single-blind clinical trial that was conducted on 56 pregnant women with mild to moderate severity of NVP and 6 to 20 weeks of gestational age...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850444/performing-iui-simultaneously-with-hcg-administration-does-not-compromise-pregnancy-rate-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Patsama Vichinsartvichai, Khanitta Traipak, Chirawattana Manolertthewan
Background: The probability of conception occurs before ovulation in natural cycle, thus performing IUI before ovulation should not compromise the pregnancy outcomes. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a university hospital during 2007 to 2015. The ovarian stimulation and monitoring were performed as usual. The total of 29 preovulatory IUI, and 221 postovulatory IUI couples were recruited. In postovulatory IUI, 5,000 IU of hCG was injected when dominant follicle reached 17 mm ...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850443/empty-follicle-syndrome-following-gnrha-trigger-in-pcos-patients-undergoing-ivf-cycles
#16
Krishna Deepika, Davuluri Sindhuma, Bijlani Kiran, Nair Ravishankar, Praneesh Gautham, Rao Kamini
Background: The objective of this study was to analyze the incidence and the underlying mechanisms of empty follicle syndrome (EFS) occurring in gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) triggered in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles with GnRH antagonist protocol in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) of Indian origin. The study also intended to evaluate the cycle outcome following a rescue trigger. Methods: Retrospective cohort analysis of data was extracted from the hospital database of 271 PCOS patients who underwent IVF in antagonist protocol triggered with GnRHa from August 2014 to December 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850442/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-on-demand-tramadol-and-paroxetine-use-in-treatment-of-life-long-premature-ejaculation-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Ali Hamidi-Madani, Reza Motiee, Gholamreza Mokhtari, Hamidreza Nasseh, Samaneh Esmaeili, Ehsan Kazemnezhad
Background: Several medical therapies have been proposed for the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE). Paroxetine and tramadol were both reported to be effective in treatment of PE. In this study, the therapeutic effects of tramadol, paroxetine and placebo were compared in treatment of primary PE. Methods: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 150 patients were divided into 3 groups. One group was treated with tramadol 50 mg ondemand, the other group took paroxetine 20 mg on-demand and the third group was treated with placebo...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850441/-cftr-mutation-analysis-in-western-iran-identification-of-two-novel-mutations
#18
Nasibeh Karimi, Reza Alibakhshi, Shekoufeh Almasi
Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is one of the most common autosomal recessive disorders in Caucasian population. The incidence of disorder varies among different religious, ethnic and geographical isolates. The aim of this study was to identify the spectrum and the frequency of known and unknown disease-causing mutations in Iranian CF patients. Methods: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral whole blood with a QIAamp DNA Mini-Kit. Mutation analysis was done in the CFTR gene including complete coding region and intron/exon boundaries using a direct sequencing method...
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850440/is-it-the-right-time-for-routine-clinical-application-of-stem-cells-in-reproductive-medicine
#19
EDITORIAL
Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201671/early-fertilization-abnormalities-in-the-human-an-exhausted-area-of-research
#20
Bernd Rosenbusch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
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