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Journal of Reproduction & Infertility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201671/early-fertilization-abnormalities-in-the-human-an-exhausted-area-of-research
#1
Bernd Rosenbusch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201670/coexistent-circumvallate-placenta-and-battledore-insertion-of-umbilical-cord-resulting-in-grave-obstetric-outcome-a-case-report
#2
Nalini Sharma, Rituparna Das, Sushila Salam, Roma Jethani, Ahanthem Santa Singh
Background: Various placental and cord abnormalities have been known to adversely affect the obstetric outcome. Circumvallate placenta and Battledore insertion of the umbilical cord are both rare and known to be associated with poor obstetric outcome individually. Case Presentation: In this case report, the woman presented at 8 months of gestation with preeclampsia with IUFD to North Easter Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Science Shillong on 22/7/16 and delivered a macerated fetus vaginally...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201669/comparison-of-outcomes-of-ivf-cycles-between-transferred-frozen-thawed-embryos-and-fresh-embryos-by-a-2-year-survey
#3
Ensieh Shahrokh-Tehraninejad, Zeynab Vosoog, Fatemeh Farajzadeh-Vajari
Background: Infertility as one of most concerning topics in childbearing age mothers needs better managements with less complications and IVF can be assumed as an efficient method. This study aimed to compare pregnancy outcomes in fresh and frozen embryos transferred in IVF cycles. Methods: In a retrospective study, 11201 patients underwent IVF cycles from 21st March 2013 to 20th March 2014 and they were categorized into two groups according to age, previous tubal disease and surgery, tubal ligation, and previous ectopic pregnancy variables...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201668/efficacy-of-intrauterine-injection-of-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-g-csf-on-treatment-of-unexplained-recurrent-miscarriage-a-pilot-rct-study
#4
Simin Zafardoust, Mohammad Mehdi Akhondi, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi, Afsaneh Mohammadzadeh, Atousa Karimi, Sheyda Jouhari, Soheila Ansaripour
Background: Endometrium undergoes several changes in structure and cellular composition during pregnancy. Granulocyte Colony-stimulating Factor (GCS-F) is an important cytokine with critical role in embryo implantation and pregnancy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of intrauterine injection of G-CSF in patients who suffer from unexplained recurrent miscarriage (RM). Methods: In the present randomized clinical trial, a total of 68 patients were randomly allocated into two study groups including intrauterine G-CSF (n=23, 300 μg) injection and control group (n=27, no G-CSF injection)...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201667/the-effects-of-adjuvant-therapies-on-embryo-transfer-success
#5
Rachael Shirlow, Martin Healey, Michelle Volovsky, Vivien MacLachlan, Beverley Vollenhoven
Background: Many adjuvant therapies are employed during IVF treatment in an attempt to improve outcomes. The objective of our study was to evaluate the impact of thirteen adjuvants (Intralipid, steroids, melatonin, coenzyme Q10, Filgrastim, testosterone, DHEA, growth hormone, antibiotics, hCG infusion, aspirin, enoxaparin/heparin and dopamine agonists) on the success of embryo transfers. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of all embryo transfers between January 2010 and April 2015 from a multi-site IVF clinic...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201666/occult-form-of-premature-ovarian-insufficiency-in-women-with-infertility-and-oligomenorrhea-as-assessed-by-poor-ovarian-response-criteria
#6
Rubina Izhar, Samia Husain, Suhaima Tahir, Sonia Husain
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of poor ovarian response criteria to classify women presenting with infertility and oligomenorrhea as having "occult" premature ovarian insufficiency. Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Aziz Medical Center, Karachi, Pakistan from 1st August 2015 to 31st July 2016. Women with infertility and oligomenorrhea were included. All eligible women underwent day 2 FSH level and an early follicular phase transvaginal ultrasound to assess the antral follicular count (AFC)...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201665/the-effect-of-curcumin-on-tnf-%C3%AE-il-6-and-crp-expression-in-a-model-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-as-an-inflammation-state
#7
Shima Mohammadi, Parvin Kayedpoor, Latifeh Karimzadeh-Bardei, Mohammad Nabiuni
Background: Having low-grade chronic inflammation such as elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) plays a crucial role in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This study aimed at investigating the therapeutic effects of curcumin on IL-6, CRP and TNF-α and symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome. Methods: In this research, 72 female adult Wistar rats were divided into control (n=12), PCOS (n=12) and curcumin-treated PCOS groups (n=48)...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201664/vitrification-of-mouse-mii-oocyte-decreases-the-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-tfam-gene-expression-and-mitochondrial-enzyme-activity
#8
Mahboobeh Amoushahi, Mojdeh Salehnia, Seyed Javad Mowla
Background: The objective of this study was determination of the changes in the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number and enzyme activity and transcription factor A (TFAM) gene expression in oocytes after vitrification. Methods: The oocytes at metaphase II (MII) stage (n=320) were collected from super-ovulated adult female mice (n=40). These oocytes were divided into vitrified and non-vitrified groups (n=160 in each group). After vitrification of oocytes, ROS level, mtDNA copy number; TFAM gene expression and mitochondrial enzymes activity (cytochrome C oxidase and succinate dehydrogenase) were assessed and compared with non-vitrified group...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201663/freeze-all-policy-an-expanded-strategy-before-its-clinical-approval
#9
EDITORIAL
Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062799/environmental-impact-on-reproductive-health-can-biomarkers-offer-any-help
#10
COMMENT
Arpit Bhargava, Neelam Pathak, Radhey Shyam Sharma, Nirmal Kumar Lohiya, Pradyumna Kumar Mishra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062798/pregnancy-luteoma-in-ectopic-pregnancy-a-case-report
#11
Rupinder Kaur Brar, Jyotsna Naresh Bharti, Jitendra Singh Nigam, Sahil Sehgal, Hena Paul Singh, Pushpanjali Ojha
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy luteoma is a rare non neoplastic condition of the ovary. It is usually asymptomatic and found incidentally during imaging in pregnancy or during cesarean section. Pregnancy luteoma can also occur after ectopic pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 30 year old female presented to G.B. Pant Hospital, Andaman and Nicobar Islands institute of Medical Sciences, Port Blair in October 2015 with abdominal pain. After initial investigations, exploratory laporotomy was done for ruptured ectopic pregnancy...
July 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062797/value-of-three-dimensional-multidetector-ct-hysterosalpingography-in-infertile-patients-with-non-contributory-hysterosalpingography-a-prospective-study
#12
Shuchi Bhatt, Murtaza Sumbul, Rajpal Rajpal, Gita Radhakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a common health problem requiring imaging to delineate the anatomical causes in women. Three dimensional multi-detector computed tomography hysterosalpingography (3D-MDCT-HSG) offers an easy workup for uterine, tubal and peritoneal factors. METHODS: To present the spectrum of uterine, tubal and peritoneal factors on 3D-MDCT-HSG and determine its diagnostic accuracy for female factor infertility, a prospective study was conducted on 25 infertile women with non-diagnostic HSG from November 2012 to March 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062796/controlled-ovarian-hyperstimulation-with-intrauterine-insemination-is-more-successful-after-r-hcg-administration-than-spontaneous-lh-surge
#13
Evan Taerk, Edward Hughes, Cassandra Greenberg, Michael Neal, Shilpa Amin, Mehrnoosh Faghih, Megan Karnis
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether clinical pregnancy rate is affected by timing intrauterine insemination (IUI) according to serum LH surge, r-hCG trigger, or a combination of LH surge and r-hCG trigger in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) cycles for patients with a variety of infertility etiologies. METHODS: The last 365 consecutive COH-IUI cycles performed at ONE Fertility Burlington in 2014 were reviewed and categorized according to method of IUI timing...
July 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062795/y-chromosome-microdeletions-in-infertile-men-with-non-obstructive-azoospermia-and-severe-oligozoospermia
#14
Shin Young Kim, Hyun Jin Kim, Bom Yi Lee, So Yeon Park, Hyo Serk Lee, Ju Tae Seo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to investigate the frequencies and types of Y chromosome microdeletions in infertile men and to analyze the relationship between the levels of reproductive hormones and Y microdeletions. METHODS: A total of 1,226 infertile men were screened for Y chromosome microdeletions using multiplex PCR assay. Karyotype analysis was performed on peripheral blood lymphocytes with standard G-banding. Serum reproductive hormone levels were measured...
July 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062794/computational-analysis-of-high-risk-missense-variant-in-human-uty-gene-a-candidate-gene-of-azfa-sub-region
#15
Mili Nailwal, Jenabhai Bhathibhai Chauhan
BACKGROUND: The human Ubiquitously transcribed tetratricopeptide repeat gene, Y-linked (UTY) gene encodes histone demethylase involved in protein-protein interactions. UTY protein evidence at protein level predicted intracellular and secreted protein. UTY is also involved in spermatogenesis process. METHODS: The high-risk non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism in the coding region of the UTY gene was screened by SNP database and identified missense variants were subjected to computational analysis to understand the effect on protein function, stability and structure by SIFT, PolyPhen 2, PANTHER, PROVEAN, I-Mutant 2, iPTREE-STAB, ConSurf, ModPred, SPARKS-X, QMEAN, PROCHECK, project HOPE and STRING...
July 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062793/ultra-low-doses-of-follicle-stimulating-hormone-and-progesterone-attenuate-the-severity-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-features-in-a-hyperandrogenized-mouse-model
#16
Irene Tessaro, Silvia Modina, Valentina Lodde, Giulia Sivelli, Federica Franciosi, Laura Terzaghi, Patrizia Luchini, Cristiano Rumio, Alberto Maria Luciano
BACKGROUND: Polycystic-ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive illness characterized by hyperandrogenism and anovulation. Using hyperandrogenized mice, it was demonstrated that the oral administration of incremental dose of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) attenuated some of PCOS characteristics. This work aimed to study the effect of ultra-low doses of combined FSH and progesterone orally administered on PCOS murine model. Moreover, the effect of sequential kinetic activation of administered hormones was tested...
July 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062792/elevated-levels-of-serum-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-a-are-not-related-to-nk-cell-parameters-in-recurrent-ivf-failure
#17
Rhea Bansal, Brian Ford, Shree Bhaskaran, Meenyau Thum, Amolak Bansal
BACKGROUND: Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and NK cells have an interrelated role in angiogenesis that is critical for placentation and success of in vitro fertilization. An attempt was made to assess a possible relationship between the two in this study. METHODS: A case control study was performed comparing the serum levels of VEGF-A and its receptor VEGF-R1 with levels of NK cells, activated NK cells and NK cytotoxicity in 62 women with Repeated Implantation Failure (RIF)...
July 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062791/the-challenge-of-human-spermatozoa-proteome-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Kambiz Gilany, Arash Minai-Tehrani, Mehdi Amini, Niloofar Agharezaee, Babak Arjmand
Currently, there are 20,197 human protein-coding genes in the most expertly curated database (UniProtKB/Swiss-Pro). Big efforts have been made by the international consortium, the Chromosome-Centric Human Proteome Project (C-HPP) and independent researchers, to map human proteome. In brief, anno 2017 the human proteome was outlined. The male factor contributes to 50% of infertility in couples. However, there are limited human spermatozoa proteomic studies. Firstly, the development of the mapping of the human spermatozoa was analyzed...
July 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062790/how-can-personalized-medicine-improve-assisted-reproduction-technology-outcomes
#19
EDITORIAL
Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868252/the-importance-of-fertility-preservation-counseling-in-patients-with-gynecologic-cancer
#20
Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Valentina Lucia La Rosa, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Antonio Simone Laganà
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
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