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Journal of Reproduction & Infertility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478774/a-case-of-primary-hypogonadism-with-features-of-albright-s-syndrome
#1
Moushumi Lodh, Rajarshi Mukhopadhyay
BACKGROUND: McCune Albright syndrome is rare with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 100,000 to 1 in 1,000,000 persons. The classical clinical triad consists of fibrous dysplasia of the bone, café-au-lait skin spots and precocious puberty. However, in rare cases, there may be primary hypogonadism and amenorrhea. CASE PRESENTATION: An eighteen-year-old female presented with amenorrhea. She had a short stature, round face, thick neck, and short fourth metacarpals and metatarsals...
July 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478773/homozygosity-for-a-robertsonian-translocation-13q-14q-in-a-phenotypically-normal-44-xx-female-with-a-history-of-recurrent-abortion-and-a-normal-pregnancy-outcome
#2
Mohammad Miryounesi, Mehdi Diantpour, Elahe Motevaseli, Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard
BACKGROUND: Robertsonian translocations are structural chromosomal abnormalities caused by fusion of two acrocentric chromosomes. In carriers of such translocations, different modes of segregations would result in the formation of either balanced (alternate segregation mode) or unbalanced (adjacent 1, adjacent 2, and 3:1 segregation modes) gametes. In addition, there is an increased risk for imprinting disorders in their offspring. Although it has been estimated that 1/1000 healthy persons carry a Robertsonian translocation, homozygosity for this type of structural chromosomal abnormality has been reported rarely...
July 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478772/can-a-short-term-of-repeated-ejaculations-affect-seminal-parameters
#3
Jose Manuel Mayorga-Torres, Ashok Agarwal, Shubhadeep Roychoudhury, Angela Cadavid, Walter Dario Cardona-Maya
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of four repeated ejaculations on the same day at two-hour intervals on conventional and functional semen parameters. METHODS: Three healthy men (32±3.6 years) donated the first semen samples after 3-4 days of sexual abstinence followed by three subsequent samples on the same day at two-hour interval each. Semen samples were processed and analyzed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) 2010 guidelines...
July 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478771/sex-reassignment-rules-in-shiite-jurisprudence
#4
Fahimeh Kalbasi-Isfahani, Mohsen Deleer
BACKGROUND: The "Sex-Reassignment Surgery" is a solution that besides behavioral therapy has been suggested to people suffering from gender identity disorders in recent years. In Iran, this trend has become more popular over the past years due to the inclination to reach to the goal rapidly with less effort and also the surgery has attracted many patients with the problem. Religious clerics have tried to determine the religious doctrines for this practice and as a result a group of them favor an absolute permission while others choose prohibition and some of them favor a middle path...
July 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478770/microdose-flare-up-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-gnrh-agonist-versus-gnrh-antagonist-protocols-in-poor-ovarian-responders-undergoing-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection
#5
Aysen Boza, Erbil Cakar, Barıs Boza, Murat Api, Semra Kayatas, Kenan Sofuoglu
BACKGROUND: Microdose flare-up GnRH agonist and GnRH antagonist have become more popular in the management of poor ovarian responders (POR) in recent years; however, the optimal protocol for POR patients undergoing in vitro fertilization has still been a challenge. METHODS: In this observational study design, two hundred forty four poor ovarian responders were retrospectively evaluated for their response to GnRH agonist protocol (group-1, n=135) or GnRH antagonist protocol (group-2, n=109)...
July 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478769/effect-of-acetylcholinesterase-and-butyrylcholinesterase-on-intrauterine-insemination-contribution-to-inflammations-oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-status-a-preliminary-report
#6
Lida Haghnazari, Asad Vaisi-Raygani, Farahnaz Keshvarzi, Farivar Ferdowsi, Massoud Goodarzi, Zohreh Rahimi, Hossin Baniamerian, Haidar Tavilani, Hadis Vaisi-Raygani, Hessam Vaisi-Raygani, Tayehbeh Pourmotabbed
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress affects women fertility and influences on the sperm quality by alterating activities of cholinesterases, a molecular marker of stress-related infertility. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of acetyl-cholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) activities and phenotypes in patients with unexplained infertility (idiopathic). It's possible association with inflammation marker C-reactive protein (CRP) and other oxidative stress markers, i...
July 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478768/association-of-the-49-a-g-polymorphism-of-ctla4-gene-with-idiopathic-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion-in-women-in-southwest-of-iran
#7
Zarnegar Rasti, Mahboobeh Nasiri
BACKGROUND: Survival of the semi-allograft fetus during pregnancy opens a new area for the immunological based causes of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA4) is a negative regulator of the T-cell activation, which may modulate peripheral self-tolerance of the allogeneic fetus. The present study aimed to investigate the +49 A/G CTLA4 genetic polymorphism and predisposition to RSA. METHODS: The total participants were 120 women with at least two miscarriages and 120 healthy post-menopausal women as the control group...
July 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478767/the-effect-of-ammonium-chloride-concentration-in-in-vitro-maturation-culture-on-ovine-embryo-development
#8
Ali Golchin, Reza Asadpour, Leila Roshangar, Raziallah Jafari-Jozani
BACKGROUND: Ammonium is produced in culture medium due to amino acids degradation and has adverse effect on in vitro culture of embryo. In the current study, the purpose was to evaluate the effects of ammuniom chloride (AC) on in vitro oocyte maturation rate and early embryo development in the sheep and its effect on the expression of Bcl-2. METHODS: In vitro maturation (IVM) was performed in the presence of various concentrations (0, 29, 88,132,176 μM/ml) of ammonium chloride (NH 4 CL) (AC)...
July 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478766/survival-assessment-of-mouse-preimplantation-embryos-after-exposure-to-cell-phone-radiation
#9
Fereshteh Safian, Mohammad Ali Khalili, Arezoo Khoradmehr, Fatemeh Anbari, Saeedeh Soltani, Iman Halvaei
BACKGROUND: Using cellular phone has rapidly increased all over the world. Also, the concern on the possible health hazards of electromagnetic fields (EMF) induced from cell phones to reproduction has been growing in many countries. The aim of this study was to assess the consequences and effects of exposure to the cell phone radiation on the quality and survival rates of preimplantation embryos in mice. METHODS: A total of 40 mice (20 females and 20 males), 6 weeks old and sexually mature BALB/c, were used for control and experimental groups...
July 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478765/challenges-of-genetic-screening-of-in-vitro-fertilized-human-embryos-using-current-technologies
#10
Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141469/ovarian-malignant-mixed-germ-cell-tumor-a-case-of-unusual-presentation-as-molar-pregnancy
#11
Soheila Aminimoghaddam, Iman Mohseni, Azadeh Afzalzadeh, Shooka Esmaeeli
BACKGROUND: This research was conducted to introduce a patient with rare ovarian mixed germ cell tumor, presented as molar pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 16 year old woman admitted with diagnosis of molar pregnancy. Abdominal enlargement was the only complaint. She had a large pelvic mass in physical examination. The first diagnosis was molar pregnancy due to previous ultrasonic reports and positive βeta HCG. Urine pregnancy test was positive. As suction curettage was performed for her, surprisingly, the size of uterus was normal and no molar tissue was found in pathologic examination...
April 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141468/socio-demographic-correlates-of-women-s-infertility-and-treatment-seeking-behavior-in-india
#12
Sanjit Sarkar, Pallavi Gupta
BACKGROUND: Infertility is an emergent issue in India. Until recently, very few studies have understood the patterns and consequences of infertility in India. Family planning programs in India also viewed exclusively the patterns and determinants of overfertility rather than infertility. Furthermore, there is the lack of information about treatment seeking behavior of infertile couples. Therefore, this paper aimed to examine the extent of infertility and treatment seeking behavior among infertile women in India...
April 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141467/the-role-of-religious-coping-strategies-in-predicting-depression-among-a-sample-of-women-with-fertility-problems-in-shiraz
#13
Abdulaziz Aflakseir, Mansoureh Mahdiyar
BACKGROUND: One of the most common mental health problems among women with infertility problems is depression. Research has shown that religious beliefs and practices can help people to cope with difficult situations. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of different religious coping strategies in predicting depression in a group of infertile women in Shiraz. METHODS: A total of 72 women with fertility problems were recruited from several private infertility clinics in Shiraz using convenience sampling...
April 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141466/the-relationship-between-chlamydia-trachomatis-genital-infection-and-spontaneous-abortion
#14
Amjad Ahmadi, Mazaher Khodabandehloo, Rashid Ramazanzadeh, Fariba Farhadifar, Daem Roshani, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Niloofar Farhangi
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis is the etiology of most of sexually transmitted diseases. Colonization of C. trachomatis in the genital tract during early gestation has been associated with preterm birth, and preterm premature rupture of the membranes. The role of C. trachomatis on spontaneous abortion has not yet been proved completely. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of C. trachomatis infection among pregnant women and its association with spontaneous abortion...
April 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141465/laparoscopic-fimbrioplasty-and-neosalpingostomy-in-female-infertility-a-review-of-402-cases-at-the-gynecological-endoscopic-surgery-and-human-reproductive-teaching-hospital-in-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon
#15
Jean Marie Kasia, Jean Dupont Kemfang Ngowa, Yolande Salome Mimboe, Michel Toukam, Anny Ngassam, Claude Cyrile Noa, Etienne Belinga, Alexis Medou
BACKGROUND: More than 70 million couples suffer from infertility worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fertility outcomes after laparoscopic fimbrioplasty and neosalpingostomy in female infertility. METHODS: Laparoscopic distal tuboplasty was carried out for 402 cases at the Gynecological Endoscopic Surgery and Human Reproductive Teaching Hospital in Yaoundé-Cameroon in Central Africa from December 2002 to December 2007. Laparoscopic fimbrioplasty and neosalpingostomy were done using bipolar electrocoagulation and conventional endoscopic instruments...
April 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141464/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-transdermal-estradiol-and-estradiol-valerate-on-endometrial-receptivity-in-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer-cycles-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Robab Davar, Sima Janati, Fereshteh Mohseni, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Soheila Asgari
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal endometrial preparation protocol by comparing the clinical outcome of two methods of endometrial preparation in frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles, including that is, oral estradiol and 17ß-estradiol transdermal patch. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, women underwent either conventional IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) who had at least two top-quality embryos appropriate for cryopreservation and frozen embryos from previous cycles...
April 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141463/effects-of-ghrelin-on-sexual-behavior-and-luteinizing-hormone-beta-subunit-gene-expression-in-male-rats
#17
Farrin Babaei-Balderlou, Homayoun Khazali
BACKGROUND: The hormones of hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis have facilitative effects on reproductive behavior in mammals. Ghrelin as a starvation hormone has an inhibitory effect on HPG axis' function. Hence, it is postulated that ghrelin may reduce the sexual behavior through inhibiting of HPG axis. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of ghrelin and its antagonist, [D-Lys(3) ]-GHRP-6, on sexual behavior and LH beta-subunit gene expression in male rats. METHODS: In this experimental study, 128 male Wistar rats were divided into two groups...
April 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141462/the-effects-of-imatinib-mesylate-on-cellular-viability-platelet-derived-growth-factor-and-stem-cell-factor-in-mouse-testicular-normal-leydig-cells
#18
Fatemeh Kheradmand, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Hashemnia, Nasim Valizadeh, Shiva Roshan-Milani
BACKGROUND: Growth factors play an essential role in the development of tumor and normal cells like testicular leydig cells. Treatment of cancer with anti-cancer agents like imatinib mesylate may interfere with normal leydig cell activity, growth and fertility through failure in growth factors' production or their signaling pathways. The purpose of the study was to determine cellular viability and the levels of, platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) and stem cell factor (SCF) in normal mouse leydig cells exposed to imatinib, and addressing the effect of imatinib on fertility potential...
April 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141461/models-predicting-success-of-infertility-treatment-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Alireza Zarinara, Hojjat Zeraati, Koorosh Kamali, Kazem Mohammad, Parisa Shahnazari, Mohammad Mehdi Akhondi
BACKGROUND: Infertile couples are faced with problems that affect their marital life. Infertility treatment is expensive and time consuming and occasionally isn't simply possible. Prediction models for infertility treatment have been proposed and prediction of treatment success is a new field in infertility treatment. Because prediction of treatment success is a new need for infertile couples, this paper reviewed previous studies for catching a general concept in applicability of the models...
April 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141460/endometriosis-classification-the-quest-for-the-holy-grail
#20
Shaheen Khazali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
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