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Journal of Reproduction & Infertility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868252/the-importance-of-fertility-preservation-counseling-in-patients-with-gynecologic-cancer
#1
Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Valentina Lucia La Rosa, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Antonio Simone Laganà
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868251/maternal-and-fetal-tuberous-sclerosis-do-we-know-enough-as-an-obstetrician
#2
Nalini Sharma, Shriram Sharma, Jion Lalnunnem Thiek, Santa Singh Ahanthem, Arnab Kalita, Donboklang Lynser
BACKGROUND: Tuberous sclerosis, also known as tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), is a rare genetic condition that mainly causes hamartomas to develop in different parts of the body. TSC, an autosomal dominant trait with variable penetrance, can adversely affect maternal and fetal outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: In this paper, a case of maternal and fetal tuberous sclerosis having fetal cardiac rhabdomyoma detected in utero at 26 weeks was reported who subsequently had fetal demise at 31 weeks...
April 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868250/the-relationship-between-uterine-artery-two-dimensional-color-doppler-measurement-and-pregnancy-outcome-a-prospective-observational-study
#3
Sudha Prasad, Ritu Goyal, Yogesh Kumar, Poonam Nayar, Supriya Hajela, Aswathy Kumaran, Rajesh Vairagi, Shalini Chauhan
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the role of uterine blood flow parameters measured by uterine artery two-dimensional (2D)-power color doppler (PCD) ultrasound in predicting fertility outcomes in women undergoing IVF-ET cycles. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, a total of 188 infertile women who underwent IVF-ET cycles were investigated. Uterine artery 2D-PD measurements were taken during early follicular phase and on day of trigger...
April 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868249/should-subclinical-hypothyroidism-be-an-exclusion-criterion-for-the-diagnosis-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#4
Sebastião Freitas de-Medeiros, Márcia Marly Winck Yamamoto, Matheus Antônio Souto de-Medeiros, Jacklyne Silva Barbosa, Robert John Norman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to examine whether patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) should be excluded before making a diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Seven hundred sixteen patients, 462 with true PCOS, 31 with PCOS-SCH, and 223 normal cycling women were enrolled. Clinical, metabolic, and hormonal parameters among the groups were investigated. Continuous variables were compared by one-way analysis of variance. Proportions were compared using Z test...
April 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868248/the-window-of-implantation-is-closed-by-estrogen-via-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-pathway
#5
Ryosuke Kobayashi, Jumpei Terakawa, Tsutomu Omatsu, Yupadee Hengjan, Tetsuya Mizutani, Yasushige Ohmori, Eiichi Hondo
BACKGROUND: The opening and closing of the implantation window is important for successful pregnancy in eutherians. The recent study demonstrated that the window of uterine receptivity was prepared by the sole action of progesterone in mice, but the mechanism to close the window remained to be elucidated. METHODS: The pregnant mice were ovariectomized on the evening on the third day of pregnancy with a single injection of medroxyprogesterone acetate to induce delayed implantation (DI)...
April 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868247/vitrification-increased-vacuolization-of-human-spematozoa-application-of-msome-technology
#6
Sara Taherzadeh, Mohammad Ali Khalili, Azam Agha-Rahimi, Fateme Anbari, Shahin Ghazali, Guido Macchiarelli
BACKGROUND: Sperm vitrification is a technique of ice and cryoprotectant free cryopreservation by direct plunging of sperm suspension into liquid nitrogen (LN2). The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of cryoprotectant free-vitrification on human sperm fine structure by MSOME technology and the fertility potential by zona binding assay (ZBA). METHODS: 20 normo-ejaculates were prepared by swim up technique, and supernatants were divided into two parts of fresh and vitrified groups...
April 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868246/antimicrobial-properties-of-amniotic-and-chorionic-membranes-a-comparative-study-of-two-human-fetal-sacs
#7
Majid Zare-Bidaki, Sajad Sadrinia, Soheila Erfani, Ehsan Afkar, Nahid Ghanbarzade
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of antibacterial properties of human chorioamniotic layer. However, the distinctive contribution of its individual parts, amniotic and chorionic membranes, to these effects is still unknown. The aim of present study was comparison of the antibacterial effects between amniotic and chorionic membranes. METHODS: Chorioamniotic layer was removed from placenta belonging to 43 healthy mothers whose infants were delivered by caesarean section...
April 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868245/isolation-culture-and-characterization-of-human-sertoli-cells-by-flow-cytometry-development-of-procedure
#8
Mohammad Reza Lakpour, Samaneh Aghajanpour, Morteza Koruji, Abdolhossein Shahverdi, Mohammad Ali Sadighi-Gilani, Marjan Sabbaghian, Reza Aflatoonian, Majid Rajabian-Naghandar
BACKGROUND: The sertoli cells in the testis create unique and safe environment to protect seminiferous tubules from auto antigens and invading pathogens. These cells produce the survival factor of the blood-testis barrier and produce special materials such as androgen binding proteins and contribute to the coordinated action of spermatogenesis. Given that the sertoli cells play an essential role in spermatogenesis and the lack of these cells leads to the disruption of spermatogenesis, it is necessary to investigate the behavior and performance of these cells...
April 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868244/poor-quality-embryos-hamper-the-development-of-high-quality-ones
#9
EDITORIAL
Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377901/unusual-presentation-of-invasive-mole-a-case-report
#10
Soheila Aminimoghaddam, Andisheh Maghsoudnia
BACKGROUND: Invasive mole is responsible for most cases of localized gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. Gestational trophoblastic disease describes a number of gynecologic tumors that originate in trophoblastic layer including hydatidiform mole (complete or partial), invasive mole, choriocarcinoma, placental site trophoblastic tumor and epitheloid trophoblastic tumor. Invasive mole may arise from any pregnancy event although in most cases is diagnosed after molar pregnancy. Overall cure rate in low risk patients is nearly 100% and in high-risk patient 90%...
January 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377900/loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp-for-embryo-sex-determination-in-pregnant-women-at-eight-weeks-of-pregnancy
#11
Mohammad Amin Almasi, Galavizh Almasi
BACKGROUND: In human, SRY (sex-determining region of the Y chromosome) is the major gene for the testis-determining factor which is found in normal XY males and in the rare XX males, and it is absent in normal XX females and many XY females. There are several methods which can indicate a male genotype by the presence of the amplified product of SRY gene. The aim of this study was to identify the SRY gene for embryo sex determination in human during pregnancy using loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method...
January 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377899/certain-less-invasive-infertility-treatments-associated-with-different-levels-of-pregnancy-related-anxiety-in-pregnancies-conceived-via-in-vitro-fertilization
#12
Eleanor Lowndes Stevenson, Richard Sloane
BACKGROUND: Research supports that in vitro fertilization causes anxiety and that anxiety can continue into the resulting pregnancy. Most women who have IVF will have a less invasive treatment for infertility prior to IVF; however, it is unclear if specific less invasive treatment cycles impact anxiety that is experienced in the pregnancy resulting from IVF. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted for women who became pregnant via IVF, and data was collected about reported previous non-IVF treatment cycles as well as Pregnancy Related Anxiety Measure...
January 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377898/bmp15-and-gdf9-gene-mutations-in-premature-ovarian-failure
#13
Ravindra Kumar, Madhuri Alwani, Susmit Kosta, Ravjyot Kaur, Sarita Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Premature ovarian failure (POF) is an ovarian defect characterized by the premature depletion of ovarian follicles before the age of 40, representing one major cause of female infertility. Mutations in bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) and growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) have been shown to be associated with POF. METHODS: Genomic DNA was isolated from 52 idiopathic premature ovarian failure patients and 100 normal control individuals. Exons of BMP15 and GDF9 gene were amplified using PCR method and subjected to directed sequencing...
January 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377897/relationship-of-number-of-embryos-transferred-with-perinatal-outcome-of-singleton-pregnancy
#14
Shilpa Bhandari, Ishita Ganguly, Pallavi Agarwal, Niharika Munaganuru, Nitika Gupta, Aparna Singh
BACKGROUND: Singleton pregnancy with a live birth beyond 37 weeks of gestation is the ultimate goal of any assisted reproductive technology. However, singletons conceived after ART are found to have a poor perinatal outcome in comparison to naturally conceived singletons. It was hypothesized that the outcome of singleton conceived after transfer of two or more embryos may be dependent on the sharing of uterine space with other embryos. METHODS: Patients who had single gestational sac visualized at 6 weeks after transfer of 4, 3 or 2 embryos were considered for the study...
January 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377896/leptin-improves-sperm-cryopreservation-via-antioxidant-defense
#15
Paula Fontoura, Mariana Duque Mello, Paulo Gallo-Sá, Maria Cecília Erthal-Martins, Maria Cecília Almeida Cardoso, Cristiane Ramos
BACKGROUND: Leptin and its receptor are present in spermatozoa; however, the role of leptin in sperm function is still controversial. Our present study aimed at demonstrating the effect of cryopreservation on sperm DNA fragmentation (DNAf) and investigating the possible effects of sperm capacitation techniques and leptin in vitro incubation on frozen-thawed sperm DNAf and oxidative stress. METHODS: Samples of 45 normospermic men attending for infertility investigation at Vida Centro de Fertilidade, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were frozen and thawed with or without capacitation and leptin incubation prior to freezing...
January 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377895/short-term-culture-of-vitrified-human-ovarian-cortical-tissue-to-assess-the-cryopreservation-outcome-molecular-and-morphological-analysis
#16
Mehdi Ramezani, Mojdeh Salehnia, Mina Jafarabadi
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of human ovarian vitrification protocol followed with in vitro culture at the morphological and molecular levels. METHODS: Ovarian tissues were obtained from 10 normal transsexual women and cut into small pieces and were divided into non-vitrified and vitrified groups and some of the tissues fragments in both groups were randomly cultured for two weeks. The morphological study using hematoxylin and eosin and Masson's trichrome staining was done...
January 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377894/sociological-study-on-the-transformation-of-fertility-and-childbearing-concept-in-iran
#17
REVIEW
Zohreh Behjati-Ardakani, Mehrdad Navabakhsh, Seyed Hassan Hosseini
Fertility and childbearing, in addition to the biological aspects, has always been regarded as a social phenomenon and, therefore, to understand the incident, values and beliefs, norms, and in short, the culture of any society should be scrutinized. Since the concept, condition, and value of childbearing is associated with cultural, social, political and economic dimensions, it has undergone various transformations during passage of time from past to present. The sociological approach of the current study investigated the evolution of the concept and value of fertility and childbearing in light of historical, social, cultural and economic upheavals...
January 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377893/are-scholarly-journals-in-search-for-top-quality-articles-or-authors-in-search-for-high-quality-journals
#18
EDITORIAL
Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921005/primary-tuberculosis-of-cervix-a-coincidental-finding
#19
Nalini Sharma, Ahanthem Santa Singh, Yookarin Khonglah, Jaya Mishra
BACKGROUND: 95% of Tuberculosis (TB) of the female genital tract (FGT) is located in tissues other than the cervix. A rare case of primary TB of the cervix which was diagnosed coincidently in a patient of endometrioma was reported in this study. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34 year old nullipara, a diagnosed case of endometrioma had a small cervical growth. Pap smear and biopsy was taken and sent for histopathological examination. Her histopathological examination revealed multiple epitheloid cell granuloma and langerhans type giant cell caeseation...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921004/a-rare-case-of-gestational-gigantomastia-with-hypercalcemia-the-challenges-of-management-and-follow-up
#20
Bahram Moazzami, Shahla Chaichian, Mohammad Reza Farahvash, Saeedeh Taheri, Seyed Ali Ahmadi, Majid Mokhtari, Kourosh Sheibani
BACKGROUND: Gigantomastia is a breast disorder marked by exaggerated rapid growth of the breasts, generally bilaterally. Since this disorder is very rare and has been reported only in sparse case reports its etiology has yet to be fully established. Treatment is aimed at improving the clinical and psychological symptoms and reducing the treatment side effects; however, the best therapeutic option varies from case to case. CASE PRESENTATION: The present report described a case of gestational gigantomastia in a 30-year-old woman, gravida 2, parity 1, 17 week pregnant admitted to Pars Hospital, Tehran, Iran, on May 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
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