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Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932378/benefits-of-ellagic-acid-from-grapes-and-pomegranates-against-colorectal-cancer
#1
Sayedalireza Mirsane, Sayedmojtaba Mirsane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932377/segmental-pigmentation-disorder-a-rare-form-of-cutaneous-dyspigmentation
#2
Kamran Balighi, Kambiz Kamyab, Arghavan Azizpour, Elahe Amini, Shabnam Fahim
BACKGROUND: Segmental pigmentation disorder (SegPD) is a rare type of cutaneous dyspigmentation. This hereditary disorder, first described some 20 years ago, is characterized by hypo and hyperpigmented patches on the trunk, extremities and less likely on the face and neck. These lesions are considered as a type of checkerboard pattern. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we present a 26-year-old male who presented with hyperpigmented patches on his trunk, neck and upper extremities...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932376/pulmonary-nodules-in-a-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-which-diagnostic-approach-is-the-most-appropriate
#3
Ines Mahmoud, Aicha Ben Tekaya, Rawdha Tekaya, Olfa Saidane, Leila Gafsi, Mathilde Benhammou, Fautrel Bruno, Leila Abdelmoula
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary nodular excavation should firstly evoke tuberculosis or necrosis broncho-pulmonary tumor, particularly: epidermoid carcinoma. The case discussed here illustrated these difficulties in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). CASE PRESENTATION: A 63-year-old woman was presented with a-three-year history of RA and a recent discovery of an excavated pulmonary nodule. Initial investigations focused on a rheumatoid origin. The evolution of the disease was worrisome and surgical exploration was deemed mandatory...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932375/fever-of-unknown-origin-in-a-male-patient-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#4
Duminda Bandara Basnayake, Thamara Kannangara, Laknath Welagedara, Vindhya Bandara, Janitha Herath
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an inflammatory autoimmune disorder which is uncommon in men. It has a wide variety of clinical presentations. CASE REPORT: We report a 21-year-old male presented with one month history of fever, loss of appetite, weight loss and reduced hair growth with an examination revealing an oral ulcer, cervical and axillary lymphadenopathy simulating hematological malignancy. Investigations showed pancytopenia, positive anti-nuclear factor and double-stranded DNA, high erythrocyte sedimentation rate with normal C-reactive protein levels and hypocomplementemia...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932374/stroke-mimics-in-patients-with-clinical-signs-of-stroke
#5
Mozafar Hosseininezhad, Reza Sohrabnejad
BACKGROUND: Stroke mimic is a major diagnostic challenge and may be difficult to distinguish from real strokes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relative frequency of stroke mimics in patients with clinical signs of stroke. METHODS: In this cross sectional-study, the medical records of 1985 patients with stroke admitted to Poursina Hospital were enrolled using the census technique. Data collection tool was a checklist which include age, sex, imaging results (MRI and CT scan and primary and final diagnoses...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932373/cohort-profile-update-the-amirkola-health-and-ageing-project-ahap
#6
Ali Bijani, Reza Ghadimi, Ebrahim Mikaniki, Farzan Kheirkhah, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur, Mina Motallebnejad, Haleh Esmaili, Fatemeh Majidi, Robert Graham Cumming, Seyed Reza Hosseini
The original cohort study of AHAP started in 2011 on 1616 elderly residents of Amirkola, northern part of Iran near the Caspian Sea. The main goal of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the health of the elderly in the region with the emphasis on chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. The first cohort profile was published in the International Journal of Epidemiology in 2014. The phase 1 AHAP showed the elevated level of some diseases and conditions including osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, obesity, vision problems and relatively low levels of oral health...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932372/acupuncture-and-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-migraine-a-randomized-controlled-study
#7
Bahram Naderinabi, Alia Saberi, Masood Hashemi, Mohammad Haghighi, Gelareh Biazar, Farid Abolhasan Gharehdaghi, Abbas Sedighinejad, Tahereh Chavoshi
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common type of headache. Sometimes adequate pain relief is not achieved by conventional treatments. Acupuncture and botulinum toxin-A injection are known as non-pharmacological interventions for this purpose. The aim of this research was to compare the effect of acupuncture with botulinum toxin-A injection and pharmacological treatment in controlling chronic migraine. METHODS: This clinical trial was conducted on patients with chronic migraine in the North of Iran during 2014-2015...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932371/estimating-postoperative-survival-rate-of-gastric-cancer-patients-and-its-effective-factors-in-babol-northern-iran-2006-2011
#8
Seyed-Reza Modarres, Abdolrahim Gholizadeh-Pasha, Soheil Khatibi, Sepideh Siadati
BACKGROUND: The importance of gastric cancer, considering its progressive course and high mortality is one of the reasons we pay attention to patients' survival and the significance of this study was to estimate survival and determine the effective factors on patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all patients with gastric cancer who underwent surgery in Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Babol, northern Iran during 2006-2011 were enrolled...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932370/clinical-evaluation-of-vasomotor-system-functionality-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#9
Mehdi Maghbooli, Hossein Chiti, Sakineh Taheri, Masoud Asadi-Khiavi
BACKGROUND: Autonomic neuropathy and vital organ dysfunctions are the known complications in type 2 diabetes Mellitus (DM). Genetic endowments involving individuals make subtle differences in physiological systems, particularly at the time of sickness. Hence, the presented study was designed to evaluate the vasomotor system in healthy people and type 2 DM cases for determining any functionality differences between the mentioned groups. METHODS: Sixty patients with type 2 diabetes (case group) and sixty healthy subjects (control group) matched for age and sex were enrolled in the study...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932369/diagnostic-accuracy-of-fecal-calprotectin-in-assessing-the-severity-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-from-laboratory-to-clinic
#10
Soheila Moein, Durdi Qujeq, Mostafa Vaghari Tabari, Mehrdad Kashifard, Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves chronic inflammation of the digestive tract. In the past decades, fecal calprotectin has been proposed as a useful biomarker for the differential diagnosis between IBD patients and healthy controls. We designed this study to evaluate the diagnostic ability of fecal calprotectin (FC) and conventional inflammatory markers in IBD patients. METHODS: Thirty patients who underwent colonoscopy were cases and thirty healthy subjects undergoing colonoscopy as part of a medical check-up were the controls...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932368/cancer-risk-among-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-cohort-study-in-isfahan-iran
#11
Masoud Etemadifar, Hamidreza Jahanbani-Ardakani, Sara Ghaffari, Maboobeh Fereidan-Esfahani, Hossein Changaei, Nazila Aghadoost, Ameneh Jahanbani Ardakani, Negin Moradkhani
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS), a central nervous system (CNS) autoimmune disorder, affects 2.3 million people around the world. Cancer kills around 7.5 million people annually. Both diseases have similar risks and intertwining molecular causes. Most studies focusing on MS and cancer have found an insignificant difference or reduction in the amount of cancer found in the MS community. METHODS: We performed a cohort study using data from Isfahan Multiple Sclerosis Society (IMSS) and Isfahan cancer society and followed-up for 8 years on average (2006-2014)...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932367/double-strain-probiotic-effect-on-helicobacter-pylori-infection-treatment-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Mehdi Haghdoost, Sepehr Taghizadeh, Majid Montazer, Parinaz Poorshahverdi, Ali Ramouz, Sanam Fakour
BACKGROUND: A decreased rate of successful helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection treatment has revealed serious demand for more effective regimens to eradicate infection. Therefore, probiotics have recently been considered to increase the rate of antibiotic regimens efficacy in H. pylori infections. In current randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the effect of double strain probiotic combination with standard triple therapy (STT), in the eradication rate of H. pylori infection...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932366/comparison-of-iron-chelation-effects-of-deferoxamine-deferasirox-and-combination-of-deferoxamine-and-deferiprone-on-liver-and-cardiac-t2-mri-in-thalassemia-maior
#13
Shahla Ansari, Azita Azarkeivan, Ghasem Miri-Aliabad, Saeed Yousefian, Tahereh Rostami
BACKGROUND: Cardiac complications due to iron overload are the most common cause of death in patients with thalassemia major. The aim of this study was to compare iron chelation effects of deferoxamine, deferasirox, and combination of deferoxamine and deferiprone on cardiac and liver iron load measured by T2* MRI. METHODS: In this study, 108 patients with thalassemia major aged over 10 years who had iron overload in cardiac T2* MRI were studied in terms of iron chelators efficacy on the reduction of myocardial siderosis...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932365/causal-role-of-infectious-agents-in-cancer-an-overview
#14
REVIEW
Jila Masrour-Roudsari, Soheil Ebrahimpour
Cancer is a complex group of diseases with multiple eventual causes. The underlying causes are not fully known. Thus, learning more about the known causes of cancer is an important issue. Moreover, among these factors, infection and its association to cancers is controversial. Although, it seems that the genome instability of the cells can initiate cancer development. The purpose of this review was to present the role of infection in the development of cancer. Infectious agents, such as hepatitis B (HBV) and C viruses (HCV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human papillomavirus (HPV), human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), Helicobacter pylori (H...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932364/role-of-food-in-environmental-transmission-of-helicobacter-pylori
#15
REVIEW
Mohammad Zamani, Amin Vahedi, Zahra Maghdouri, Javad Shokri-Shirvani
Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) is a gram-negative bacterium that has infected more than half of the world's population. This pathogen colonizes the human gastric mucosa and is usually acquired during childhood. It is an important cause of peptic ulcers, chronic gastritis and stomach cancer. Among the risk factors for acquisition of H. pylori infection, poor socioeconomic status, poor sanitization and hygiene practices, and contaminated food and water, are the most significant ones. The main route of H. pylori transmission is still unknown...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932363/cadmium-toxicity-and-treatment-an-update
#16
REVIEW
Mehrdad Rafati Rahimzadeh, Mehravar Rafati Rahimzadeh, Sohrab Kazemi, Ali-Akbar Moghadamnia
Cadmium poisoning has been reported from many parts of the world. It is one of the global health problems that affect many organs and in some cases it can cause deaths annually. Long-term exposure to cadmium through air, water, soil, and food leads to cancer and organ system toxicity such as skeletal, urinary, reproductive, cardiovascular, central and peripheral nervous, and respiratory systems. Cadmium levels can be measured in the blood, urine, hair, nail and saliva samples. Patients with cadmium toxicity need gastrointestinal tract irrigation, supportive care, and chemical decontamination traditional-based chelation therapy with appropriate new chelating agents and nanoparticle-based antidotes...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740634/human-papillomavirus-and-gastrointestinal-cancer-in-iranian-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Versa Omrani-Navai, Reza Alizadeh-Navaei, Yousef Yahyapour, Akbar Hedayatizadeh-Omran, Saeid Abediankenari, Ghasem Janbabaei, Fatima Toghani
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies are the most common cancers and account for nearly half of all cancer-related deaths in Iran. There was a strong association between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and urogenital cancers, in particular the cervix. However, there is no clear causal relationship in all types of cancers, including gastrointestinal cancers. Therefore, the present study as a systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to evaluate the prevalence and relation of HPV in GI cancers...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702158/hematologic-disorder-a-manifestation-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#18
Mohammad Zamani, Jila Masrour-Roudsari, Vahid Zamani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702157/food-bioactive-componts-a-possible-adjuvant-for-h-pylori-eradication
#19
Soheil Ebrahimpour, Haleh Esmaeili, Reza Ghadimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702156/clinical-presentation-of-acute-appendicitis-in-babol-northern-of-iran
#20
Kamal Rashidi-Azar, Ali-Asghar Darzi, Sekineh Kamali-Ahangar, Sepideh Siadati, Abdolrahim Gholizadehpasha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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