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Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201329/internet-based-support-system-and-rehabilitation-of-drug-users-under-maintenance-treatment
#1
Saeid Komasi, Mozhgan Saeidi, Ali Soroush
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201328/hughes-stovin-syndrome-revealing-the-presence-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#2
Melek Kechida, Sondes Yaacoubi, Ahmed Zrig, Walid Jomaa, Rim Klii, Sonia Hammami, Ines Khochtali
Background: Hughes-Stovin Syndrome (HSS) is a rare clinical disorder characterized by deep venous thrombosis and multiple pulmonary and/or bronchial aneurysms. Aneurysms in systemic circulation can also be seen. Case presentation: We report the first case of HSS with aortic aneurysm in a 55-year-old man who initially presented with deep venous thrombosis. The diagnosis of HSS revealing Behçet's disease was made given the history of recurrent oral and genital ulcers...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201327/stiff-person-case-misdiagnosed-as-conversion-disorder-a-case-report
#3
Saeed Razmeh, Amir Hasan Habibi, Farzad Sina, Elham Alizadeh, Monireh Eslami
Background: Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare neurological disease resulting in stiffness and spasm of muscles. It initially affects the axial muscles and then spread to limb muscles. Emotional stress exacerbated the symptoms and signs of the disease. The pathophysiology of the disease is caused by the decreased level of the glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) activity due to an autoantibody against GAD that decreases the level of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). In this paper, we present a case of atypical presentation of SPS with lower limb stiffness misdiagnosed as conversion disorder...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201326/a-challenging-entity-multiple-sclerosis-or-collagen-tissue-disorders-a-case-series-of-6-patients
#4
Raida Ben Salah, Yosra Cherif, Faten Frikha, Dammak Chifaa, Mouna Snoussi, Moez Jallouli, Sameh Marzouk, Mhiri Chokri, Zouhir Bahloul
Background: Multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating processes are sometimes difficult to differentiate from the neurological involvement in autoimmune diseases. Distinguishing multiple sclerosis from other lesions due to autoimmune diseases is crucial to avoid unsuitable or delayed treatments. Methods: Charts of 6 patients diagnosed with mimicking multiple sclerosis between 1996 and 2014 were retrospectively assessed. Results: The mean age at diagnosis was 35±7 years...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201325/the-association-between-solar-lentigines-and-type-2-diabetes
#5
Bobak Moazzami, Niloofar Razavi, Mansour Babaei, Motahareh Haghparast, Mohammad Ali Bayani
Background: Limited information exists between the associations of diabetes mellitus (DM) and solar lentigo (SL); a benign, common skin lesion characterized by hyperpigmented macules. Methods: This study was conducted on 90 patients diagnosed with DM and their age and sex matched controls who were referred to the Departments of Endocrinology at Babol University of Medical Science in Northern of Iran from January 2013 to December 2015. All demographic data including age, gender, occupation, family history of DM, estimated average sun exposure and presence of skin lesions were collected and analyzed...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201324/molecular-characterization-of-staphylococcus-aureus-strains-isolated-among-hospital-staff-nasal-carriers-of-babol-iran
#6
Parisa Sabbagh, Amirmorteza Ebrahimzadeh-Namvar, Elaheh Ferdosi-Shahandashti, Mostafa Javanian, Soraya Khafri, Mehdi Rajabnia
Background: Staphylococcus aureus (s. aureus) nasal carriers, particularly the healthcare staff can be considered as a potential source for the spread of resistant strains. The aim of this study was to determine the molecular characterization of S. aureus strains isolated among the staff nasal carriers in one of the teaching hospitals in Babol. Methods: A total of 120 nasal swabs were taken from the staff of Ayatollah Rouhani Hospital Babol during 2016. The antibiotic resistance pattern was performed by disc diffusion method for 13 antibiotics, including cefoxitin, cephalothin, teicoplanin, vancomycin, daptomycin, oxacillin, amoxicillin, amikacin, linezolid, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, erythromycin, rifampin, according to the CLSI 2015...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201323/does-serum-lipid-profile-differ-in-anemia-and-non-anemic-older-subjects
#7
Mahshid Shirvani, Mohsen Vakili Sadeghi, Seyed Reza Hosseini, Ali Bijani, Reza Ghadimi
Background: There is some evidence that shows the symptoms of anemia are fewere in overweight and obese people, so, the purpose of this research was to study the relationship between anemia and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) with lipid profile status of the elderly. Methods: This cross-sectional study came from the Amirkola Health and Ageing Project (AHAP). A demographic questionnaire was given to the older people and a blood sample was obtained to assay their lipid indexes (triglyceride, cholesterol, HDL and LDL) and the parameters related to anemia after 12 hours fasting...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201322/the-diagnostic-value-of-fine-needle-aspiration-in-comparison-with-frozen-section-in-thyroid-nodules-a-20-year-study
#8
Sepideh Siadati, Seyed Mozafar Rabiee, Ebrahim Alijanpour, Mohammad Ali Bayani, Novin Nikbakhsh
Background: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is the most important method in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules before surgery. Recently, the efficiency of FNA in thyroid nodule management has been debatable. On the other hand, intraoperative frozen section (FS) has been used to confirm the diagnosis of FNA and select the proper surgical approach. In this regard, the present study aimed to assess the diagnostic value of FNA as compared to FS in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Methods: This retrospective study was performed on 69 patients with FNA and FS and histopathological examination from 1993 to 2014 in Babol, northern Iran...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201321/efficacy-of-potassium-polycitrate-on-renal-stone-and-microlithiasis-predisposed-by-metabolic-disorders
#9
Hadi Sorkhi, Nazanin Saeedizand, Mohammad Poornasrollah, Ali Bijani, Hamid Shafi
Background: According to high prevalence of renal stone in children, we evaluated the efficacy of treatment with potassium citrate and its correlation with metabolic disorders in children less than two years of age with renal stone and microlithiasis. Methods: In this cross- sectionaly study, 100 patients (less than 2 years old) with renal stone or microlitiasis were evaluated for metabolic disorders. They were treated with potassium citrate and followed-up by ultrasonography every 3 months...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201320/does-the-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-play-a-key-role-in-predicting-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-iranian-adult-population
#10
Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki, Behzad Heidari, Arefeh Hajian-Tilaki, Alireza Firouzjahi, Afsaneh Bakhtiari
Background: The low density lipoprotein cholestrol (LDL-C) has an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease but its association and predictive accuracy with metabolic syndrome (MetS) remains controversial. The objective of this study was to investigate the association and predictive ability of LDL-C with MetS. Methods: We analyzed the data from a population-based cross-sectional study conducted on representative samples of an Iranian adult population...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201319/potential-drug-drug-interactions-among-hospitalized-patients-in-a-developing-country
#11
Sarah Mousavi, Golshan Ghanbari
Background: Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) may often lead to preventable adverse drug events and health damage. Particularly in hospitals, this might be an important factor as multiple drug therapies are common. The objective of this study was to identify the frequency and levels of potential DDIs in internal medicine wards in an Iranian university hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by reviewing charts of 448 hospitalized patients in internal medicine wards of a teaching hospital, from November 2014 to May 2015...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201318/antibiotic-resistance-status-and-its-costs-in-hematological-patients-a-two-year-analysis
#12
Habip Gedik
Background: Most frequently, empirical antibiotic therapy is immediately administered for patients with febrile neutropenia (FN). In this study, its aim was to assess the antibiotic resistance status and the cost of antibacterial agents in FN patients associated with hematological malignancies. Methods: The cost of antibacterial agents used in FN episodes in patients with hematologic neoplasms followed-up at the Department of Hematology from November 2010 to November 2012 were analyzed retrospectively...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201317/nailfold-capillaroscopy-in-430-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Alireza Rajaei, Pooneh Dehghan, Ali Amiri
Background: Microvascular changes are one of the first obvious steps in numerous inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Nailfold video capillaroscopy (NFC) is an easy, reliable and safe method for evaluating peripheral microangiopathy. The objective of this study was to examine nailfold microcirculation in RA patients, assess morphological and structural changes quantitatively and qualitatively, and recognize useful changes. Methods: A total of 430 patients diagnosed with RA were examined in a period of 4 years...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201316/three-cycles-of-ac-chemotherapy-regimen-increased-oxidative-stress-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-clinical-hint
#14
Mostafa Taherkhani, Soleiman Mahjoub, Dariush Moslemi, Ahmad Karkhah
Background: Recent studies have suggested the importance of oxidant/antioxidant status in initiation and progression of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate oxidative stress markers in breast cancer patients before and after 3 cycles of chemotherapy with adriamycin and cytoxan (AC). Also, in this study the effect of age and the stage of disease on oxidative stress markers were compared and evaluated. Methods: This study included 60 women with newly diagnosed stage II-III breast cancer who underwent chemotherapy with AC as the therapy-first strategy after surgery...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201315/a-stochastic-mathematical-model-of-avascular-tumor-growth-patterns-and-its-treatment-by-means-of-noises
#15
REVIEW
Yasaman Moghadamnia, Dariush Moslemi
Due to the rate increase in cancer incidence, many researchers in different fields have been conducting studies on cancer-related phenomena. Most studies are conducted to focus on cellular and molecular aspects of cancerous diseases and treatment strategies. Physicists have been using mathematical modeling and simulation to explain the growth pattern of tumors. Although most published studies in this area still have not gained the needed maturity for "treating cancer", research has helped with the statistical laws of growth, predation and proliferation of cancer cells...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201314/serum-albumin-level-as-an-indicator-of-response-to-hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-dialysis-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Mohammad Ebrahim Ghamar-Chehreh, Shahram Agah, Hossein Khedmat, Aghdas Aghaei, Seyed-Moayed Alavian
Background: Hepatitis B (HB) vaccination is a recommended procedure in all dialysis patients, but its efficacy has not been perfect. In the current study, we aimed to conduct a comprehensive review of the literature to find and pool data of the randomized trials evaluating the impact of serum albumin levels on the immunogenicity of HB vaccination in dialysis patients. Methods: Literature searches were conducted by the Medline and Google Scholar. The key words used included 'Hepatitis B', 'Vaccine', 'Dialysis', 'Hemodialysis', and 'Albumin'...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201313/hearing-loss-in-iranian-thalassemia-major-patients-treated-with-deferoxamine-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Gholamreza Badfar, Akram Mansouri, Masoumeh Shohani, Hamid Karimi, Zahra Khalighi, Shoboo Rahmati, Ali Delpisheh, Yousef Veisani, Ali Soleymani, Milad Azami
Background: Hearing disorders are reported in thalassemia patients treated with deferoxamine. This study aimed to assess hearing loss in Iranian thalassemia major patients treated with deferoxamine. Methods: This review article was designed based on PRISMA guidelines. To review the literature, two researchers studied national and international databases including Iranmedex, Magiran, Medlib, SID, Scopus, PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science and Google Scholar without time limit until May 2017...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201312/promising-role-for-gc-maf-in-cancer-immunotherapy-from-bench-to-bedside
#18
REVIEW
Ehsan Saburi, Amin Saburi, Mostafa Ghanei
Immunotherapy has been used for years in many types of cancer therapy. Recently, cancer immunotherapy has focused on mechanisms which can enhance the development of cell-mediated immunity. Anticancer medications are administered to inhibit immunosuppressive factors such as nagalase enzyme, which is produced by neoplastic cells and destroys macrophage activating factor (Gc-MAF). Anti-neoplastics medications can also enhance immune-cell activity against tumors. Such medications show great potential in cancer immunotherapy using natural human mechanisms against neoplasms...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932378/benefits-of-ellagic-acid-from-grapes-and-pomegranates-against-colorectal-cancer
#19
Sayedalireza Mirsane, Sayedmojtaba Mirsane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932377/segmental-pigmentation-disorder-a-rare-form-of-cutaneous-dyspigmentation
#20
Kamran Balighi, Kambiz Kamyab, Arghavan Azizpour, Elahe Amini, Shabnam Fahim
BACKGROUND: Segmental pigmentation disorder (SegPD) is a rare type of cutaneous dyspigmentation. This hereditary disorder, first described some 20 years ago, is characterized by hypo and hyperpigmented patches on the trunk, extremities and less likely on the face and neck. These lesions are considered as a type of checkerboard pattern. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we present a 26-year-old male who presented with hyperpigmented patches on his trunk, neck and upper extremities...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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