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Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732043/cardiac-patients-perception-about-psychological-risk-factors-on-chest-pain-intensity-and-discomfort
#1
Saeid Komasi, Ali Soroush, Mozhgan Saeidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732042/inflammatory-myopathies-in-a-patient-with-darier-disease-a-possible-association
#2
Kaveh Gharaei Nejad, Hojat Eftekhari, Rana Rafiei, Abbas Darjani, Narges Alizadeh
Background: Darier disease (DD) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder which develops from a mutation in the ATP2A2 gene. Inflammatory myopathies (IM) are the largest group of potentially treatable myopathies. In this case, we report development of IM in a patient with DD for the second time in the literature. Case presentation: The patient is a 59-year-old female, a known case of DD, who developed proximal muscle weakness 2 weeks prior to admission. Elevated muscle-enzymes, as well as typical electromyographic and radiologic confirmed the diagnosis of IM...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732041/a-rare-case-of-hepatic-subcapsular-biloma-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-and-subsequent-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#3
Alimohammad Jafari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732040/botulism-and-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-induced-by-acute-rhinosinusitis-a-case-report
#4
Ali Tavassoli, Mahmood Sadeghi, Parviz Amri
Background: Botulism is an acute and rapidly progressive descending paralytic disease caused by a neurotoxin of clostridium botulinum. Case presentation: A 28-year-old woman presented with severe generalized ascending symmetrical muscle paralysis. The patient was intubated and transferred to the medical intensive care unit with several symptoms including: severe headache, dysphagia, dyspnea, ptosis, diplopia, and dry mouth. Despite being alert, pupils were bilaterally midriatic and had absent corneal reflux...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732039/jak-2-mutation-frequency-in-patients-with-thrombocytosis
#5
Osman Yokus, Habip Gedik
Background: We aimed to investigate the etiologic causes and the existence of Janus kinase 2 mutation (JAK2) in cases with thrombocytosis. Methods: In this retrospective study, patients who were admitted to hematology clinic with thrombocytosis between 2013 and 2015 were investigated in terms of the etiological causes of thrombocytosis and the existence of JAK2 mutation. Results: We retrospectively evaluated 136 cases that underwent JAK2 mutation analysis due to ET preliminary diagnosis in our hematology clinic...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732038/persistence-of-immunity-to-hepatitis-b-vaccine-as-infants-17-years-earlier
#6
Zohreh Azarkar, Azadeh Ebrahimzadeh, Gholamreza Sharifzadeh, Masood Ziaee, Mohammad Fereidouni, Fatemeh Taheri
Background: In Iran since 1992, hepatitis B vaccination was a part of the national vaccination program. Hepatitis B vaccination is effective in the epidemiology of hepatitis B. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long - term persistence of immunity. Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on children and adolescents aged between 6-18 years in Birjand, who received a three - dose hepatitis B vaccination in accordance with the national immunization program...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732037/prevalence-and-severity-of-ocular-involvement-in-graves-disease-according-to-sex-and-age-a-clinical-study-from-babol-iran
#7
Sara Gharib, Zoleika Moazezi, Mohammad Ali Bayani
Background: Thyroid-associated eye disease (TED), previously known as Graves' ophthalmopathy is a cosmetically and functionally debilitating disease that is seen worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical severity of ocular manifestations of Graves' disease according to sex, age and duration in northern Iran. Methods: Between April 2011 and March 2012, 105 patients with Graves' disease, underwent ophthalmic examination, including ocular motility, exophthalmometry, intraocular pressure (IOP), slit lamp and fundoscopy...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732036/effect-of-long-term-low-dose-prednisolone-administration-on-bone-mineral-density-relating-to-non-compliant-women-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Behzad Heidari, Parnaz Heidari, Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki, Mohammad Ali Bayani, Mansour Babaei
Background: Long-term treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with prednisolone (PRED) is associated with bone mineral density (BMD) loss. This study aimed to determine the status of BMD in non-compliant women who used PRED alone for RA. Methods: Non-adherent RA taking < 7.5 mg daily PRED without DMARDs for > 6 months, and RA patients taking methotrexate +PRED (RA control) were compared with age-matched non-RA controls. BMD was measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) method and osteoporosis (OP) was diagnosed by WHO criteria...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732035/can-chronotropic-incompetence-predict-life-threatening-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-patients-with-stable-ischemic-heart-disease
#9
Yelena Rib, Gulnar Zhussupova, Gaukhar Igimbayeva, Ayan Abdrakhmanov, Seyed Farzad Jalali
Background: Chronotropic incompetence has prognostic value of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in both patients with asymptomatic and symptomatic ischemic heart disease (IHD), regardless of traditional risk factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between chronotropic response during exercise test and the development of ventricular arrhythmias. Methods: 153 patients with stable ischemic heart disease were screened and observed during the 24 months since October 2014 in a university hospital in Astana Kazakhstan...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732034/effect-of-a-12-week-submaximal-swimming-training-in-rats-exposed-to-tobacco-derived-nitrosamine-ketone
#10
Ali Barzegari, Shadmehr Mirdar
Background: Tobacco contains carcinogens such as NNK (nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone) that makes induction of lung cancer by changing the stimulation of IL-10 expression. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in resting levels of IL-10 in lung tissues of rats exposed to NNK after a 12-week aerobic submaximal swimming training. Methods: For this purpose, 46 Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups consisting training, training + NNK, NNK, saline and control...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732033/comparison-of-preemptive-effect-of-intravenous-ketorolac-versus-meperidine-on-postoperative-shivering-and-pain-in-patients-undergoing-cesarean-section-under-spinal-anesthesia-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-study
#11
Marzieh Beigom Khezri, Maryam Al-Sadat Mosallaei, Mehdi Ebtehaj, Navid Mohammadi
Background: Pain and shivering are two unpleasant problems in postoperative period. Various techniques are used to alleviate the postoperative shivering and pain. We compared the preemptive prescription of a single dose of intravenous meperidine and ketorolac on postoperative pain and shivering in patients undergoing cesarean section with spinal anesthesia. Methods: One hundred and fifty patients who were scheduled for elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated to one of three study groups to receive intravenous ketorolac (group K), meperidine (group M) or normal saline (group P)...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732032/high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-as-a-predictor-for-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Hong Wu, Peng Ouyang, Wenjun Sun
Background: Diabetes is a prevalent chronic disease around the world. To evaluate the risk of diabetes comprehensively, we developed a score model for risk prediction with HDL-C as a protective factor. Methods: We extracted physical examination data of 2728 individuals. The data contain 18 demographic and clinical variables. To identify the statistical significant feature variables, the backward stepwise logistic regression was used based on the data of the "exploratory population"...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732031/is-99m-tc-methylene-diphosphonate-bone-scintigraphy-a-sensitive-method-for-detecting-bone-lesions-in-multiple-myeloma
#13
Mohsen Vakili Sadeghi, Sadegh Sedaghat
Background: Bone lesion in multiple myeloma (MM) is most commonly presented as a lytic lesion in this disease. Determination of extent of bone lesions in MM is necessary to follow-up the patients. Whole body bone scan with 99m, Tc-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) has a lower sensitivity than other modalities. Methods: From the patients with MM admitted to Ayatollah Rouhani Hospital of Babol-Iran from 2009 to 2015, who had undergone whole body bone scan during diagnostic process, were entered into the study...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732030/alterations-in-serum-levels-of-trace-element-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-before-and-after-chemotherapy
#14
Norjis Ahmadi, Soleiman Mahjoub, Reza Haji Hosseini, Mostafa TaherKhani, Dariush Moslemi
Background: Breast cancer is the most common serious disease around the world. The trace elements have a vital role in the metabolism and chemotherapy may change the level of metal ions. Due to the ambiguity of the existence in this regard, the study examined the trace element serum levels in women with breast cancer before and after chemotherapy . Methods: Sixty patients were studied undergoing specialist. First sampling was taken before chemotherapy (after 4 weeks of surgery) and second sampling was taken after the completion of 3 courses of chemotherapy, approximately 9 weeks after the first chemotherapy...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732029/validity-and-reliability-of-the-persian-version-of-the-chronic-oral-mucosal-diseases-questionnaire
#15
Atena Shirzad, Ali Bijani, Mahsa Mehryari, Mina Motallebnejad, Saman Mohsenitavakoli
Background: Chronic oral mucosal disease q uestionnaire (COMDQ) is used to evaluate the quality of life in patients with chronic conditions of the oral mucosa. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Persian version of this questionnaire. Methods: A total of 135 subjects were selected in two groups; group 1 consisted of 95 patients with chronic oral mucosal conditions, including recurrent aphthous stomatitis, oral lichen planus and pemphigus and mucous membrane pemphigoid and group 2 consisted of 40 patients with other oral diseases...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732028/insulin-resistance-and-coronary-artery-disease-in-non-diabetic-patients-is-there-any-correlation
#16
Jamshid Vafaeimanesh, Mahmoud Parham, Samieh Norouzi, Parinaz Hamednasimi, Mohammad Bagherzadeh
Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the most common causes of death in the world and type 2 diabetes is one of them because it is highly prevalent and doubles heart disease risk. Some studies suggest that insulin resistance is associated with coronary artery disease in non-diabetics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of insulin resistance (IR) and coronary artery disease (CAD) in non-diabetic patients. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, from September 2014 to July 2015, 120 patients referring to Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Qom were evaluated...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732027/paraoxonase-activity-in-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Arati Adhe-Rojekar, Mukund Ramchandra Mogarekar, Mohit Vijay Rojekar
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a collection of various interrelated risk factors that appear to have an impact as development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVDs). Epidemic of childhood and adolescent's obesity has increased interest in the metabolic syndrome (MS) due to the potential projection into adulthood. The prevalence of MS in adolescents has been estimated to be 6.7% in young adults and 4.2% in adolescents. We aimed to study the MetS in children and adolescents with respect to metabolic changes...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732026/-cryptosporidium-spp-infection-in-iranian-children-and-immunosuppressive-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Narges Kalantari, Salman Ghaffari, Masomeh Bayani
Background: Cryptosporidiosis is an important cause of diarrhea in children and immunosuppressive patients. The current study was intended to evaluate the prevalence rate of Cryptosporidium infection and clarify the epidemiological characteristics of the infection in both children and immunosuppressive patients in Iran. Methods: Five English electronic databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Scopus and Cochrane, and two Persian language databases Magiran and Scientific Information Database were searched...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387329/a-new-delivery-model-to-increase-adherence-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#19
Saeid Komasi, Mozhgan Saeidi, Payam Sariaslani, Ali Soroush
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387328/sarcoidosis-and-spondyloarthritis-a-coincidence-or-common-etiopathogenesis
#20
Hamdi Wafa, Miladi Saoussen, Kaffel Dhia, Zouch Imen, Kchir Mohamed Montacer
Background: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease. Co-existence with spondyloarthritis (SA) has been more described as an adverse effect of anti-TNF ╬▒ therapy than an association. We report herein a case of a typical sarcoidosis confirmed by histological proofs and an advanced SA with a bamboo column. Case Presentation: A 48-years-old woman presented with inflammatory back pain for 5 years and ankle swelling for 1 year. On physical examination, she had an exaggerated dorsal kyphosis and disappearance of lumbar lordosis with limitation in motion of the cervical and lumbar spine...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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