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Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999653/erythema-nodosum-what-should-we-consider-about-it
#1
Farhang Babamahmoudi, Arghavan Amuzgar, Tahoora Mousavi, Lotfollah Davoodi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999652/prevalence-of-hepatitis-a-across-various-countries-in-the-middle-east-african-and-eastern-european-countries
#2
Abbolmajid Ghasemian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999651/destructive-effect-of-quinone-containing-compounds-on-cytochrome-p450-arbutin-as-a-double-edged-sword
#3
Ahmad Karkhah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999650/subclavian-artery-esophageal-fistula-after-placement-of-a-self-expanding-metal-stent-in-a-patient-with-esophagogastric-anastomosis-stenosis
#4
Mohammadreza Seyedmajidi, Maryam Tavassoli, Mojtaba Kianti, Jamshid Vafaeimanesh
BACKGROUND: There have been reports on stent-related vascular erosions about patients with benign or malignant stenosis of the esophagus who received endoscopic stent insertion for palliative intention for oral intake. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old woman with esophageal cancer located in the middle part of esophagus was treated with esophagectomy. Two years following the surgery, malignant stenosis recurred in the esophagogastric anastomosis. A non-covered self-expanding metal stent (10 cm length with a diameter of 18 mm at expanded state) was inserted...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999649/implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-in-a-patient-with-dextrocardia-situs-inversus
#5
Mehrdad Saravi, Rozita Jalalian, Mohamadtaghi Hedayati
BACKGROUND: Dextrocardia is a congenital anomaly, which may have coexistent coronary artery disease (CAD), arrhythmias and conventional indications for device therapy. However, the implantation of transvenous leads can be technically challenging and the approach needs to be tailored to the patient's individual anatomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old male with dextrocardia situs inversus and ischemic left ventricular dysfunction developed ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999648/comparison-of-long-pulsed-alexandrite-laser-and-topical-tretinoin-ammonium-lactate-in-axillary-acanthosis-nigricans-a-case-series-of-patients-in-a-before-after-trial
#6
Amirhoushang Ehsani, Pedram Noormohammadpour, Azadeh Goodarzi, Mostafa Mirshams Shahshahani, Seyede Pardis Hejazi, Elhamsadat Hosseini, Arghavan Azizpour
BACKGROUND: Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is a brown to black, velvety hyperpigmentation of the skin that usually involves cutaneous folds. Treatment of AN is important regarding cosmetic reasons and various therapeutic modalities have been used for these purposes. The goal of this study was to compare the effectiveness of long-pulsed alexandrite laser and topical tretinoin-ammonium lactate for treatment of axillary-AN. METHODS: Fifteen patients with bilateral axillary-AN were studied in Razi Hospital, Tehran, Iran...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999647/both-immune-hormone-il-10-and-parathormone-tend-to-increase-in-serum-of-old-osteoporotic-people-independently-of-1-25-dihydroxy-vitamin-d3
#7
Mohamad Teimourian, Zeinab Jafaraian, Seyed-Reza Hosseini, Mahsa Rahmani, Mogjan Bagherzadeh, Azin Aghamajidi, Ali Bijani, Hajighorban Nooreddini, Amrollah Mostafazadeh
BACKGROUND: In this study, we determined the serum levels of IL-17A and IL-10 in context with 1, 2 dihydroxy vitamin D3, parathormone and Ca(2+)/Pi ions to investigate their pathological or protective roles respectively in bone metabolism. METHODS: The bone mineral density (BMD) was determined for 1203 participants using energy X-ray absorptiometry. Subjects with a history of diseases and using bone metabolism medications were excluded and finally serum IL-10 was measured in 82 osteoporotic and 74 healthy individuals (mean age ±SD of 71...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999646/higher-rate-of-microscopic-hematuria-in-elderly-patients-who-take-regular-doses-of-aspirin-result-from-ahap-study
#8
Emadouddin Moudi, Seyed-Reza Hosseini, Ali Bijani
BACKGROUND: Aspirin is the most widely used drug in medicine for cardiovascular and as recently for its role in cancer prevention. Although the risk of bleeding events increased following regular use of aspirin, little is known about the association of aspirin and hematuria. The present study aimed to evaluate the association of regular aspirin use and microscopic hematuria in elderly. METHODS: In this study, we have extracted the data of elderly people who participated in Amirkola Health and Aging Project (AHAP) and taking regular doses of aspirin...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999645/serum-alpha-actinin-antibody-status-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-its-potential-in-the-diagnosis-of-lupus-nephritis
#9
Mansour Babaei, Zahra Rezaieyazdi, Nayereh Saadati, Massoud Saghafi, Maryam Sahebari, Bahram Naghibzadeh, Habibollah Esmaily
BACKGROUND: In lupus nephritis (LN), deposition of pathogenic autoantibodies in the glomeruli is mediated via cross-reactivity with alpha-actinin. Association of serum alpha-actinin antibody (AαA) with LN has been shown in a few studies but the results are controversial. METHODS: Eighty patients into entered the study. The diagnosis of SLE was confirmed according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria and LN was diagnosed by proteinuria ≥ 500 mg/24 hour and kidney biopsy...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999644/comparison-of-levofloxacin-versus-clarithromycin-efficacy-in-the-eradication-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#10
Ali Akbar Haji-Aghamohammadi, Ali Bastani, Arash Miroliaee, Sonia Oveisi, Saeed Safarnezhad
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection causes multiple upper gastrointestinal diseases but optimal therapeutic regimen which can eradicate infection in all the cases has not yet been defined. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of triple levofloxacin-based versus clarithromycin-based therapy. METHODS: In this open-label randomized clinical trial study 120 patients who had esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with positive rapid urease test (RUT) were enrolled and divided into 2 groups...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999643/the-hplc-assay-of-concentration-of-azithromycin-from-two-different-manufacturers-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-gcf
#11
Mahmoud Khosravi-Samani, Khashayar Dehshiri, Sohrab Kazemi, Mohamadreza Shiran, Ali-Akbar Mohgadamnia
BACKGROUND: Azithromycin (AZM) is used in periodontal infections. The present study compared gingival crevicular fluid concentration of azithromycin of two pharmaceutical companies through the HPLC method. METHODS: Two groups (n=15) of healthy volunteers participated in this study. The first group received an imported azithromycin (ImAZM) tablet (250 mg, PO) and the second group received an azithromycin tablet (250 mg PO) manufactured by an Iranian pharmaceutical company (IrAZM)...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999642/benefits-from-the-correction-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-patients-with-pulmonary-hypertension
#12
Ahmad Mirdamadi, Pouya Moshkdar
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (Vit D) is linked to various conditions including musculoskeletal, metabolic and cardiopulmonary diseases. However, it is not clear whether correction of vit D deficiency exerts any beneficial effect in patients with pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: This study was a prospective uncontrolled longitudinal study. Patients with pulmonary hypertension and vit D deficiency were enrolled into this study. All patients in addition to standard treatment for pulmonary hypertension received cholecalciferol at a dose of 50,000 IU weekly plus calcicare (at a dose of 200 mg magnesium + 8 mg zinc + 400 IU vit D) daily for 3 months...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999641/assessment-of-transient-elastography-fibroscan-for-diagnosis-of-fibrosis-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Seyed-Abbas Hashemi, Seyed-Moayed Alavian, Mohammad Gholami-Fesharaki
BACKGROUND: Transient elastography (TE) is a new modality for the diagnosis of liver fibrosis caused by various etiologies. This study was conducted to determine the accuracy of TE in detecting the different stages of liver fibrosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, Ovid, Cochrane Library, American College of Physicians (ACP) Journal Club, Google Scholar, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, and Web of Science that evaluated the liver stiffness by means of TE and liver biopsy were enrolled in this systematic review and meta-analysis...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999640/toxoplasmosis-in-iran-a-guide-for-general-physicians-working-in-the-iranian-health-network-setting-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Seyed Mohammad Alavi, Leila Alavi
BACKGROUND: Human toxoplasmosis is an important zoonotic infection worldwide which is caused by the intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii (T.gondii). The aim of this study was to review briefly the general aspects of toxoplasma infection in in Iranian health system network. METHODS: We searched published toxoplasmosis related articles in English databases including Science Direct, Pub Med, Scopus, Google Scholar, Magiran, Iran Medex, Iran Doc and Scientific Information Database (SID) for toxoplasmosis...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757213/human-brucellosis
#15
Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757212/two-cases-of-clear-cell-ovarian-cancer-in-young-patients
#16
Mohammad Ranaee, Shahla Yazdani, Seyyed Reza Modarres, Mahdieh Rajabi-Moghaddam
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is the most common cause of cancer death worldwide. Incidence of ovarian cancer is more common in postmenopausal women. Premenopausal onset is rare and the present study described two cases of ovarian clear cell tumors in young women. CASE PRESENTATION: The patients presented with pelvic mass which was confirmed by sonography and laparotomy and final diagnosis was made according to histologic examination. Both patients showed a solid mass with cystic components in adnexal areas and explorative laparotomy demonstrated extension of tumors to abdomen in both patients...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757211/an-unusual-presentation-of-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-a-case-report
#17
Payam Saadat, Marzie Adabi
BACKGROUND: Spinal dural AVF is the most common type of spinal vascular malformation. However, presenting symptoms differ according to site of spinal involvement. This study described a case of arteriovenous malformation with paraparesis and incontinence. CASE PRESENTATION: Diagnosis of patient was confirmed by clinical and imaging examination using magnetic resonance image and ruling out other possibilities. RESULT: A definitive diagnosis of arterio venous fistula was confirmed by clinical and MRI examination and demonstrated abnormalities compatible with dural arteriovenous fistula...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757210/a-man-with-dilated-superficial-abdominal-veins-a-clinical-presentation-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#18
Khalid Hamid Changal, Sheikh Shoaib Altaf, Adnan Raina
BACKGROUND: The clinical presentation of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) varies tremendously depending upon the type of lymphoma and the areas of involvement. NHL can rarely present as an abdominal mass compressing the inferior vena cava. The clinical presentation due to obstruction of inferior vena cava has often been called the inferior vena cava syndrome (IVCS). It can present acutely or chronically. CASE PRESENTATION: A 35-year-old male presented with 3 months history of fever, anorexia, weight loss and abdominal discomfort...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757209/splenic-cysts-analysis-of-16-cases
#19
Hamed Golmohammadzadeh, Ghodratollah Maddah, Yavar Shams Hojjati, Abbas Abdollahi, Hossein Shabahang
BACKGROUND: Splenic cysts are known as rare clinical encounter. Classifying into primary (true) and secondary cysts (pseudocysts), true cysts contain cellular epithelial lining and subdivided into parasitic and non-parasitic cysts. This study aimed to determine the outcome of treatment in patients with splenic cyst. METHODS: All patients with splenic cyst who had been treated in Department of General Surgery of Ghaem and Omid teaching hospitals over a 24-year period were identified...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757208/comparison-of-early-and-late-intravenous-gamma-globulin-treatment-of-kawasaki-disease-on-fever-and-cardiovascular-complications
#20
Iraj Mohammadzadeh, Somayyeh Noei, Kazem Babazadeh, Hassan Zamani, Rahim Barari-Savadkoohi, Reza Alizadeh-Navaei
BACKGROUND: Cardiac involvement was the major leading cause of death in patients with Kawasaki and IVIG administration reduces cardiac complications. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of cardiovascular complications and duration of fever with regard to the time of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) administration of patients with Kawasaki disease. METHODS: This follow-up study was done on all patients with Kawasaki disease who were hospitalized at Amirkola Children's Hospital between 2006 and 2011...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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