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International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696040/adrenal-ganglioneuroblastoma-in-an-adult-a-rare-case-report
#1
Zahra Heidari, Mahmoud Ali Kaykhaei, Mahdi Jahantigh, Vahid Sheikhi
Ganglioneuroblastoma is a primary malignant tumor of the sympathetic nervous system. It usually occurs in children and is extremely rare in adults. Here, we report a case of an adrenal ganglioneuroblastoma in a 38-year-old man. The adrenal incidentaloma was surgically removed and pathologically diagnosed as a ganglioneuroblastoma. The characteristics were described, because it is an unusual tumor based on the published reports in adults. To the best of our knowledge, fewer than 50 cases of ganglioneuroblastoma and 19 cases of adrenal ganglioneuroblastoma, including this case, are reported in the literature...
January 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696039/thrombosis-in-thyroid-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Arash Ordookhani, Abbas Motazedi, Kenneth D Burman
Background: The number of studies on venous thromboembolism (VTE) and thyroid cancer is very scarce and existing data are contradictory. This paper reviews VTE in thyroid cancer. Methods: The following words were used for a comprehensive literature review using MEDLINE database: Blood coagulation factors; thyroid hormones; blood coagulation tests; venous thromboembolism; receptors thyroid hormone; hemostasis; fibrinolysis; bleeding; blood coagulation disorders; thyroid neoplasms; Thyroid cancer, papillary; Thyroid cancer, follicular; Thyroid carcinoma, anaplastic; Thyroid cancer, Hurthle cell; Familial medullary thyroid carcinoma; venous thrombosis; Pulmonary embolism; Blood coagulation factors...
January 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696038/insulin-resistance-associated-with-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma-penalized-conditional-logistic-regression-analysis-of-a-matched-case-control-study-data
#3
Zahra Heidari, Mahdi Abdani, Mohammad Ali Mansournia
Background: In the recent years, thyroid cancer incidence has increased worldwide. It has been questioned whether factors, such as insulin resistance, are involved in this rise. The main aim of this study was to examine the association between insulin resistance and differentiated thyroid cancer. Methods: This case-control study was performed on 30 newly diagnosed patients with differentiated thyroid cancer and 30 healthy controls. Thirty euthyroid patients recently diagnosed with differentiated thyroid cancer, based on the fine needle aspiration cytology, were examined for insulin resistance before thyroidectomy in the euthyroid state...
January 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696037/pharmacological-treatment-in-diabetes-mellitus-type-1-insulin-and-what-else
#4
REVIEW
Ewa Otto-Buczkowska, Natalia Jainta
The basis of treatment in autoimmune diabetes is insulin therapy; however, many clinical cases have proven that this method does not solve all problems. Trials of causal treatment including blocking the autoimmune processes and insulin-producing cells transplants were carried out. Those methods require more research to be concerned as efficient and safe ways of treatment in type 1 diabetes. The use of non-insulin adjunct treatment is a new trend. It has been successfully used in laboratories as well as clinical trials...
January 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696036/malignancy-rates-in-thyroid-nodules-classified-as-bethesda-categories-iii-and-iv-retrospective-data-from-a-tertiary-center
#5
Beatriz Godoi Cavalheiro, Ana Kober Nogueira Leite, Leandro Luongo de Matos, Aline Palermo Miazaki, Jan Marcel Ientile, Marco Aurelio V Kulcsar, Claudio Roberto Cernea
Background: Thyroid fine needle aspiration (FNA) has a well-established role in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules, and the "Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology" is used to interpret FNA results. Bethesda categories III and IV encompass varying risks of malignancy. In addition, there is some debate in the literature about how to select among many acceptable treatment approaches. Objectives: To establish an association between these 2 cytological categories and malignancy rates in patients treated in a referral tertiary cancer center, where surgical treatment is recommended for all these patients...
January 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696035/comparison-of-two-calorie-reduced-diets-of-different-carbohydrate-and-fiber-contents-and-a-simple-dietary-advice-aimed-to-modify-carbohydrate-intake-on-glycemic-control-and-inflammatory-markers-in-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-trial
#6
Hamid Ghalandari, Mahdieh Kamalpour, Ashraf Alimadadi, Javad Nasrollahzadeh
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a simple dietary advice with two energy-restricted diets with different carbohydrate and fiber contents on anthropometric, biochemical, and inflammatory markers over an 8-wk intervention period in individuals with diabetes. Methods: Forty-seven patients with type 2 diabetes (31 women and 16 men; age: 52.9 ± 8.0 years, body mass index: 29.5 ± 4.9 kg.m-2 ) completed an 8-wk randomized intervention trial that compared a simple dietary advice aimed to modulate carbohydrate intake (n = 13) with the two calorie-restricted (CR) diets (25% caloric restriction from total energy requirements) differing with regard to carbohydrate and fiber content, one with higher fiber (CRHF) containing 55% energy from carbohydrate plus a tablespoon of psyllium powder (n = 18) and the other with lower carbohydrate (CRLC) containing 40% energy from carbohydrate plus placebo powder (n = 16)...
January 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696034/review-of-iodine-nutrition-in-iranian-population-in-the-past-quarter-of-century
#7
REVIEW
Hossein Delshad, Fereidoun Azizi
Context: Iodine deficiency is one of the most important health problems worldwide. The overall aim of this study was a narrative review of the past and present status of iodine nutrition in the Iranian population to gather and provide valuable background data in this field for future studies. Evidence Acquisition: For this narrative literature review study, published internal (SID, Iran doc, Iran medex) and international (Web of knowledge, Pubmed, SCOPUS) source studies were searched using the following medical subject heading terms: Iodine, IDD (iodine deficiency disorders), UIC (urinary iodine concentration), Goiter, IQ (intelligence quotient), thyroid hormone, Iodine and pregnancy, Iodine and breast feeding, as well as Iodized salt, reporting the prevalence of iodine deficiency and iodine nutrition status of different target populations in Iran over 25 years, between 1988 - 2014, were assessed...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344037/the-effects-of-ginger-on-fasting-blood-sugar-hemoglobin-a1c-and-lipid-profiles-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Motahareh Makhdoomi Arzati, Niyaz Mohammadzadeh Honarvar, Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Siyamand Anvari, Mohammad Effatpanah, Raoofe Makhdoomi Arzati, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Rezvan Hashemi, Mahmoud Djalali
Background: Lipid and glycemic abnormalities are prevalent in diabetes leading to long term complications. Use of safe and natural foods instead of medications is now considered by many scientists. Objectives: This study aimed at determining the effect of ginger on lipid and glucose levels of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: In a double-blind placebo-controlled trial, 50 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly allocated to 2 groups of intervention (n = 25) and placebo (n = 25)...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344036/primordial-and-primary-preventions-of-thyroid-disease
#9
REVIEW
Fereidoun Azizi, Ladan Mehran, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Hossein Delshad, Atieh Amouzegar
Background: Primordial and primary preventions of thyroid diseases are concerned with avoiding the appearance of risk factors, delaying the progression to overt disease, and minimizing the impact of illness. Summary: Using related key words, 446 articles related to primordial and primary, preventions of thyroid diseases published between 2001-2015 were evaluated, categorized and analyzed. Prevention and elimination of iodine deficiency are major steps that have been successfully achieved and maintained in many countries of the world in last 2 decades...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344035/hypercalcaemic-pancreatitis-adrenal-insufficiency-autoimmune-thyroiditis-and-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-girl-with-probable-sarcoidosis
#10
Devi Dayal, Olivia Pepper, Renuka Ramakrishnan, Eileen Baildam, Poonam Dharmaraj, Gavin Cleary, Liza McCann, Clare Pain, Senthil Senniappan
Introduction: Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disease with diverse and often non-specific symptoms during childhood. The clinical manifestations sometimes include endocrinopathies related to sarcoid infiltration of various endocrine organs, but more commonly due to the associated autoimmune endocrine disorders. There are only a few reports of multiple autoimmune and non-autoimmune endocrine problems occurring simultaneously in patients with sarcoidosis. We report a girl with probable sarcoidosis who also had Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and secondary adrenal insufficiency...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344034/socio-demographic-determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study-tlgs
#11
Sara Jalali-Farahani, Parisa Amiri, Sepideh Bakht, Zeinab Shayeghian, Leila Cheraghi, Fereidoun Azizi
Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a multi-dimensional concept that is affected by different variables. A large body of evidence shows that socio-demographic factors have a significant influence on HRQOL. When considering differences in cultural contexts and social values of various countries and the lack of evidence regarding socio-demographic determinants of HRQOL among the Iranian general population, it is important to verify the main socio-demographic determinants of HRQOL in an urban Iranian population...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344033/investigating-the-prevalence-of-low-bone-mass-in-children-of-southern-iran-and-its-associated-factors
#12
Forough Saki, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Marjan Jeddi, Marzie Bakhshaieshkaram, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh
Background: Improving peak bone mass and bone strength in the first years of life and enhancing it during young adulthood could prevent osteoporosis and fractures in the last years of life. We evaluated the prevalence of low bone mass in the lumbar and femoral neck and its associated factors in southern Iranian children. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study on healthy Iranian children aged 9 - 18 years old during 2011 - 2012. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) was used for measuring bone mineral density (BMD)...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344032/neck-circumference-percentiles-of-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-weight-disorders-survey-of-caspian-iv-study
#13
Mostafa Hosseini, Mohammad Esmail Motlagh, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Mostafa Qorbani, Neamatollah Ataei, Hamid Asayesh, Mehdi Yaseri, Rasool Mohammadi, Masoud Baikpour, Arash Abbasi, Roya Kelishadi
Background: Neck circumference (NC), emerging as a key morphological index for pediatric obesity, is associated with obesity- and overweight-related detrimental conditions in children. In this study, we aimed to provide the age- and sex-specific percentile reference values for neck circumference of the Iranian children and adolescents. Methods: We used the data gathered through the weight disorders survey of CASPIAN IV study conducted in 2011 - 2012 in Iran, including a total of 21954 Iranian children and adolescents, composed of 10750 girls and 11204 boys, aged 7 - 18 years old...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344031/age-period-cohort-analysis-of-obesity-and-overweight-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents
#14
Mostafa Hosseini, Roya Kelishadi, Masoud Baikpour, Neamatollah Ataei, Mostafa Qorbani, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Ramin Heshmat, Mohammad-Esmail Motlagh, Behnaz Bazargani, Arash Abbasi, Kazem Mohammad
Background: To date, few studies looked upon obesity and overweight in children and adolescents through the 3 different temporal dimensions of age, period, and cohort. The current study aimed at evaluating the trends of these health issues among children under 19 years old using the age-period-cohort (APC) analysis. Methods: Data gathered through 5 cross sectional studies including 2 national health surveillance (1990 - 91 and 1999), and 3 CASPIAN surveys (2003, 2009, and 2011)...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344030/optimal-cutoff-points-for-anthropometric-variables-to-predict-insulin-resistance-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#15
Hossein Hatami, Seyed Ali Montazeri, Nazanin Hashemi, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani
Background: Insulin resistance (IR) is a major cardiometabolic risk factor in females with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The euglycemic clamp is the gold standard method to measure IR. However, considering the time and cost that it takes, surrogate markers of IR are now widely used. The current study aimed at evaluating the cutoff points of even less invasive anthropometric and body composition variables to predict IR in females with PCOS. Methods: The current cross sectional study selected 224 females with PCOS, using Rotterdam criteria, referred to reproductive endocrinology research center; 88 of which were diagnosed with insulin resistance...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344029/primary-adrenal-lymphoma-presenting-with-adrenal-failure-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Fariba Karimi
Introduction: Primary adrenal lymphoma is rare, with a few cases reported in the literature. Most often it manifests as bilateral adrenal lesions and adrenal insufficiency is a common complication. Case Presentation: A 53-year-old male was referred with abdominal discomfort and darkening of the skin since 1 month prior to admission. His workups detected large bilateral adrenal masses. The patient was admitted due to hypotension, and was diagnosed with adrenal insufficiency...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201075/development-and-evaluation-of-patient-information-leaflet-for-diabetic-foot-ulcer-patients
#17
Sonal Sekhar M, Unnikrishnan Mk, Navya Vyas, Gabriel Sunil Rodrigues
Background: Patient education (PE) is as important as medical and surgical interventions in the management of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). Patient information leaflets (PILs) are globally accepted patient counseling aids. Objectives: This study aimed at developing PILs for DFU patients and investigating its validation. Methods: The PILs were prepared based on different model leaflets available from various online resources, including "Patient UK"...
July 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201074/worldwide-recall-rate-in-newborn-screening-programs-for-congenital-hypothyroidism
#18
REVIEW
Ladan Mehran, Davood Khalili, Shahin Yarahmadi, Atieh Amouzegar, Mehdi Mojarrad, Nasrin Ajang, Fereidoun Azizi
Context: Neonatal mass screening program for congenital hypothyroidism provides the best tool for prevention of its devastating effects on mental development. Despite the overall success of the screening programs in detecting congenital hypothyroidism and eliminating its sequelae and new developments made in the program design, high recall rate and false positive results impose a great challenge worldwide. Lower recall rate and false positive results may properly organize project expenses by reducing the unnecessary repeated laboratory tests, increase physicians and parents' assurance and cooperation, as well as reduce the psychological effects in families...
July 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201073/knowledge-of-thyroid-disorders-during-pregnancy-among-general-practitioners-in-iran
#19
Sahar Askari, Hengameh Abdi, Soleiman Ahmadi, Zahra Bahadoran, Atieh Amouzegar
Background and Objectives: Thyroid disorders during pregnancy are important health problems worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of general practitioners (GPs) about thyroid disorders during pregnancy. Methods: In this cross sectional study, 120 GPs were randomly selected among participants of a continuous medical education (CME) program, entitled "practical endocrinology". To assess the knowledge and educational requirements of GPs regarding thyroid disorders during pregnancy, a validated and localized multiple-choice questionnaire was used...
July 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201072/the-role-of-kisspeptin-in-female-reproduction
#20
REVIEW
Sareh Zeydabadi Nejad, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Azita Zadeh-Vakili
Context: Kisspeptin (KISS1), a recently discovered neuropeptide that acts upstream of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons, is critical for maturation and function of the reproductive axis. This review aimed at providing comprehensive and up-to-date information on Kisspeptin and its role in female reproduction. Evidence Acquisition: A literature review was performed using PubMed for all English language articles published between 1999 and 2016. Results: The kisspeptin system (KISS1/G protein-coupled receptor-54,GPR54) has recently been addressed as an essential gatekeeper of puberty onset and gonadotropin secretion...
July 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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