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International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761144/obesity-paradox-and-recurrent-coronary-heart-disease-in-a-population-based-study-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#1
Samaneh Asgari, Maryam Barzin, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Farzad Hadaegh, Fereidoun Azizi, Davood Khalili
BACKGROUND: Although current data shows a positive association between obesity and development of coronary heart disease (CHD) in general population, there is limited data on the important protective role of central or general obesity in patients with prevalent CHD or the "obesity paradox", from this region. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present investigation was to describe the relationship between BMI categories and the recurrence of CHD in patients with a history of CHD using data from a large population-based study, the Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS)...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761143/altered-concentrations-of-copper-zinc-and-iron-are-associated-with-increased-levels-of-glycated-hemoglobin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-their-first-degree-relatives
#2
Somayeh Atari-Hajipirloo, Neda Valizadeh, Mohammad-Hassan Khadem-Ansari, Yousef Rasmi, Fatemeh Kheradmand
BACKGROUND: The altered levels of some essential trace elements and antioxidant minerals have been observed in diabetic patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare the concentrations of essential trace elements, copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and iron (Fe) in the serum of patients who have type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with those of their non-diabetic first-degree relatives (FDR) and control subjects. The association between glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and levels of metals was also evaluated...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679652/care-of-the-athlete-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-clinical-review
#3
REVIEW
William B Horton, Jose S Subauste
CONTEXT: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) results from a highly specific immune-mediated destruction of pancreatic β cells, resulting in chronic hyperglycemia. For many years, one of the mainstays of therapy for patients with T1DM has been exercise balanced with appropriate medications and medical nutrition. Compared to healthy peers, athletes with T1DM experience nearly all the same health-related benefits from exercise. Despite these benefits, effective management of the T1DM athlete is a constant challenge due to various concerns such as the increased risk of hypoglycemia...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679651/recurrence-of-hyperparathyroid-hypercalcemia-in-a-patient-with-the-hrpt-2-mutation-and-a-previous-parathyroid-carcinoma-in-hyperparathyroidism-jaw-tumor-syndrome
#4
Marco Mele, Lars Rolighed, MarieLouise Jespersen, Lars Rejnmark, Peer Christiansen
INTRODUCTION: Cancer in the parathyroid gland is rare, but parathyroid cancer is occasionally seen in relation to genetic abnormalities. Due to a limited amount of evidence, the optimal handling of these cases is not clear. Furthermore, the presence of a malignant parathyroid tumor is rarely known at the time of the initial operation; therefore, re-operations are often necessary. The aim of this study was to present the case of a patient with a previously diagnosed jaw tumor and parathyroid carcinoma that presents as a recurrence of hyperparathyroid hypercalcemia...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679650/comparison-of-the-vitamin-d-status-of-children-younger-and-older-than-2-years-in-tehran-are-supplements-really-necessary
#5
Mohammad Torkaman, Hassan Abolghasemi, Susan Amirsalari, Fatemeh Beiraghdar, Shahla Afsharpaiman, Zohreh Kavehmanesh, Mohammad Hossein Khosravi
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is a vital lipid-soluble vitamin in the body, helping the growth and development of bones. Vitamin D deficiency in children has several adverse effects. The most important preventative factor is determining the deficiency at an early stage and prescribing vitamin D-containing supplements. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the vitamin D status of children younger and older than 2 years and determine the utility of prescribing vitamin D supplements...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679649/the-impact-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-post-partum-glucose-tolerance-and-insulin-resistance-in-gestational-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Majid Valizadeh, Zahra Piri, Farnaz Mohammadian, Koorosh Kamali, Hamid Reza Amir Moghadami
BACKGROUND: Hypovitaminosis D has been associated with the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in many observational studies. OBJECTIVES: We report the first study of the impact of prenatal vitamin D supplementation on postpartum dysglycemia in GDM patients in a randomized clinical trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Women with GDM at 12 - 32 weeks of gestation were assigned randomly to either the intervention group (in which serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25OHD] levels were measured immediately, n = 48) or the control group (in which the serum was stored and assayed at 6 - 12 weeks post-partum, n = 48)...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679648/lipodistrophy-and-associated-risk-factors-in-insulin-treated-people-with-diabetes
#7
Sandro Gentile, Felice Strollo, Antonio Ceriello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679647/comparison-of-metabolic-and-hormonal-profiles-of-women-with-and-without-premenstrual-syndrome-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#8
Somayeh Hashemi, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Nader Mohammadi, Marzieh Rostami Dovom, Farahnaz Torkestani, Masumeh Simbar, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is reported by up to 85% of women of reproductive age. Although several studies have focused on the hormone and lipid profiles of females with PMS, the results are controversial. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the association of hormonal and metabolic factors with PMS among Iranian women of reproductive age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a community based cross-sectional study...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335580/chemical-composition-and-the-effect-of-walnut-hydrosol-on-glycemic-control-of-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#9
Hossein Moravej, Alireza Salehi, Zahra Razavi, Mahmood Reza Moein, Hamed Etemadfard, Forough Karami, Forough Ghahremani
BACKGROUND: Walnut hydrosol (WH) is used extensively by Iranian people with diabetes in order to control blood sugar (BS). There are few data regarding the effect of walnut on controlling diabetes. OBJECTIVES: A pilot study to determine the efficacy and safety of WH in patients with type 1 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1 were enrolled in the study. They did not use any medicine except insulin...
January 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335579/hypothyroidism-and-lipid-levels-in-a-community-based-study-tts
#10
Shahram Alamdari, Atieh Amouzegar, Maryam Tohidi, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Pouyan Kheirkhah, Parnian Kheirkhah, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones play an important role in lipid metabolism. Overt hypothyroidism is known to be associated with increased lipid profiles, but the effect of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) on lipid profile remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the association between thyroid disorders and serum lipid levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted within the framework of Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS)...
January 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279835/effect-of-jytk-on-antioxidant-status-and-inflammation-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#11
Yuan Hu, Xin Zhou, Dai-Hong Guo, Ping Liu
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a metabolic disorder caused by oxidative stress and inflammation. JianYuTangKang (JYTK), as a potential Chinese integrative medicine, is an antioxidant used in Chinese medicine with potential anti-inflammatory properties. OBJECTIVES: The present randomized clinical trial was carried out to evaluate the effects of JYTK on oxidative stress and inflammation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The parallel, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial included 150 newly diagnosed T2DM patients receiving metformin treatment (1...
January 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279834/effects-of-concentrated-pomegranate-juice-on-subclinical-inflammation-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-a-quasi-experimental-study
#12
Farideh Shishehbor, Majid Mohammad Shahi, Mehdi Zarei, Azadeh Saki, Mehrnoosh Zakerkish, Fatemeh Shirani, Maryam Zare
BACKGROUND: The health benefits of pomegranate juice have been reported in several studies. However, limited clinical trials have examined the effects of concentrated pomegranate juice (CPJ) on inflammatory factors. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of CPJ on metabolic risk factors, including inflammatory biomarkers, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a quasi-experiment trial, 40 type 2 diabetic patients were asked to consume 50 g of CPJ daily for 4 weeks...
January 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279833/thyroid-and-pregnancy-in-tehran-iran-objectives-and-study-protocol
#13
Sima Nazarpour, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Masoumeh Simbar, Maryam Tohidi, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Thyroid dysfunction is the second most common endocrine disease in females of reproductive age. There are controversial data on the adverse effect of subclinical thyroid dysfunctions on adverse feto-maternal outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to identify the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy and to assess the effectiveness of treatment with levothyroxine on pregnancy outcomes of females with thyroid autoimmunity with or without subclinical thyroid dysfunction in Tehran, Iran...
January 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279832/leptin-resistance-a-possible-interface-between-obesity-and-pulmonary-related-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Abdul Rehman Khan, Fazli Rabbi Awan
CONTEXT: Under normal physiological conditions, leptin regulates body weight by creating a balance between food intake and energy expenditure. However, in obesity, serum leptin levels increase and become defective to retain energy balance. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Elevated serum leptin levels are regarded as an established marker of obesity. It is also reported that obese asthmatic patients have maximum serum leptin levels compared to other groups such as non-obese asthmatics, and normal obese and non obese subjects without asthma...
January 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279831/ramadan-fasting-decreases-body-fat-but-not-protein-mass
#15
Ari Fahrial Syam, Cecep Suryani Sobur, Murdani Abdullah, Dadang Makmun
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown various results regarding the effects of Ramadan fasting on weight and body composition in healthy individuals. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Ramadan fasting on body composition in healthy Indonesian medical staff. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we examined the influence of Ramadan fasting on body composition in healthy medical staff. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The longitudinal study was performed during and after Ramadan fasting in 2013 (August to October)...
January 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279830/stata-modules-for-calculating-novel-predictive-performance-indices-for-logistic-models
#16
Mahnaz Barkhordari, Mojgan Padyab, Farzad Hadaegh, Fereidoun Azizi, Mohammadreza Bozorgmanesh
BACKGROUND: Prediction is a fundamental part of prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The development of prediction algorithms based on the multivariate regression models loomed several decades ago. Parallel with predictive models development, biomarker researches emerged in an impressively great scale. The key question is how best to assess and quantify the improvement in risk prediction offered by new biomarkers or more basically how to assess the performance of a risk prediction model...
January 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274337/prevalent-practices-of-thyroid-diseases-during-pregnancy-among-endocrinologists-internists-and-general-practitioners
#17
Fereidoun Azizi, Ladan Mehran, Atieh Amouzegar, Shahram Alamdari, Imam Subetki, Navid Saadat, Siamak Moini, Farzaneh Sarvghadi
BACKGROUND: Maternal thyroid disease in pregnancy is associated with adverse impact on both mother and fetus. Both the American thyroid association and the endocrine society have recently published guidelines for the management of thyroid disease in pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this survey was to assess and compare the current practices of various East-Asian physicians in the screening and management of thyroid disease in pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Completed survey questionnaires were collected from 112 physicians of six East-Asian countries...
January 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26633983/baseline-religion-involvement-predicts-subsequent-salivary-cortisol-levels-among-male-but-not-female-black-youth
#18
Shervin Assari, Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Mohammad Reza Malekahmadi, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell, Marc Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Compared to Whites, Blacks are exposed to higher levels of chronic stress in the United States. As a result, major Black-White differences exist in the baseline and response of cortisol. Yet, the potential association between baseline religiosity and subsequent cortisol levels of Blacks are not known. OBJECTIVES: In the current study we aimed to determine the association between baseline religious behaviors and daytime salivary cortisol level among male and female Black youth...
October 2015: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26633982/rapid-levothyroxine-absorption-testing-a-case-series-of-nonadherent-patients
#19
Mamtha Balla, Ram M Jhingan, Daniel J Rubin
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to levothyroxine therapy is one cause of persistent hypothyroidism. To distinguish nonadherence from malabsorption, a levothyroxine absorption test is required. Typically, this test measures the serum free thyroxine (FT4) response to 1000 mcg of oral levothyroxine over 4 to 24 hours. Published data indicate that serum levels of FT4 are at or near their peak 2 hours after levothyroxine ingestion. OBJECTIVES: We present the successful completion of 2-hour levothyroxine absorption testing in 3 patients as a retrospective case series...
October 2015: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26633981/thyroid-cancer-epidemic-a-peril-or-an-alarm
#20
Zahra Nozhat, Mehdi Hedayati, Feridoun Azizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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