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International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Arash Ordookhani, Kenneth D Burman
CONTEXT: There are contradictory results on the effect of hypothyroidism on the changes in hemostasis. Inadequate population-based studies limited their clinical implications, mainly on the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). This paper reviews the studies on laboratory and population-based findings regarding hemostatic changes and risk of VTE in hypothyroidism and autoimmune thyroid disorders. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive literature search was conducted employing MEDLINE database...
April 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Parvin Mirmiran, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Pooneh Angoorani, Fariba Eslami, Fereidoun Azizi
CONTEXT: Controlling diabetes, a worldwide metabolic disease, by effective alternative treatments is currently a topic of great interest. Camel milk is believed to be a suitable hypoglycemic agent in experimental animals and patients with diabetes. The current systematic review aimed at evaluating the effect of camel milk on diabetes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive search was dine in PubMed and Scopus for all clinical trials and animal studies documented up to 2015, which focused on the effect of camel milk on diabetes markers...
April 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
David S Lopez, Sabine Rohrmann, Sarah B Peskoe, Corinne E Joshu, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Elizabeth Selvin, Adrian S Dobs, Norma Kanarek, Steven Canfield, William G Nelson, Elizabeth A Platz
BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic disparities in the associations of body fatness with hormones and metabolic factors remain poorly understood. Therefore, we evaluated whether the associations of overall and central body fatness with circulating sex steroid hormones and metabolic factors differ by race/ethnicity. METHODS: Data from 1,243 non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB) and Mexican-American (MA) adult men in the third national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES III) were analyzed...
April 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Devesh Sharma, Seema Garg, Mohit Mehndiratta, S V Madhu, Dinesh Puri
BACKGROUND: Serum levels of triglycerides (TGs) are often found to be raised in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). TG levels ≥ 2.2 mM, systemic inflammation and oxidative stress (OS) are known to increase the risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) substantially. In recent years, apolipoprotein A-V (Apo A-V protein) has attracted considerably as a modulator of circulating TG levels. OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted in order to evaluate the levels of Apo A - V proteins and markers of inflammation and OS in patients of T2DM with and without hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) and also to assess correlation between them...
April 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Meor Fairuz Rizal Meor Anuar Shuhaili, Intan Nureslyna Samsudin, Johnson Stanslas, Shariful Hasan, Subashini C Thambiah
CONTEXT: The present review aimed at reviewing the effects of different statins on lipid profile, particularly in Asians. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed searches were conducted using the keywords 'statin, effect, and lipid profile' from database inception through March 2016. In this review, 718 articles were retrieved from the primary search. After reviewing the titles, abstracts, and full texts, we found that 59 studies met our inclusion criteria. These also included subsequent reference searches of retrieved articles...
April 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Noushin Fahimfar, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Zahra Cheraghi, Erfan Ayubi, Farzad Hadaegh, Fatemeh Eskandari, Fereidoun Azizi, Davood Khalili
BACKGROUND: High-risk individuals for CHD could be diagnosed by some non-invasive and low-priced techniques such as Minnesota ECG coding and rose angina questionnaire (RQ). OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed at determining the risk of incident CHD according to ECG and RQ besides diabetes and other metabolic risk factors in our population. METHODS: Participants comprised of 5431 individuals aged ≥ 30 years within the framework of Tehran lipid and glucose study...
April 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Sara Jalali-Farahani, Yit Siew Chin, Mohd Nasir Mohd Taib, Parisa Amiri
This study aimed to determine the parental correlates of body weight status among adolescents in Tehran. The participants were 465 high school students and their parents who resided in Tehran. Body weight and height of the students were measured, and body mass index (BMI)-for-age and body weight status of the students were determined according to the world health organization growth reference (2007). Parents of the students completed a self-administered questionnaire including socio-demographic information, self-reported parental body weight and height, and parental perception of student's body weight status...
April 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Dinesh Giri, Prashant Patil, Joanne Blair, Poonam Dharmaraj, Renuka Ramakrishnan, Urmi Das, Mohammed Didi, Senthil Senniappan
BACKGROUND: Constitutional delay of growth and puberty (CDGP) can cause significant psychological distress in adolescent boys. Although testosterone usage in this group has not been shown to affect the final adult height, the effect on the first year height velocity has not been widely reported. OBJECTIVES: The aim is to determine whether testosterone treatment improves the first year height velocity in boys with CDGP when compared to boys with CDGP who go through puberty spontaneously...
April 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Nasrin Lamuchi-Deli, Mohammad Aberomand, Hossein Babaahmadi-Rezaei, Ghorban Mohammadzadeh
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that an increased arginase activity is involved in vascular dysfunction in experimental animals. Zingiber officinale Roscoe, commonly known as ginger, has been widely used in the traditional medicine for treatment of diabetes. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at investigating the effects of the hydroalcoholic extract of Z. officinale on arginase I activity and expression in the retina of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats...
April 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Seo Young Oh, Bo Hyun Kim, Do Young Kim, Kyu Min Lee, Min Jin Lee, Sung Su Kim, Jong Ho Kim, Yun Kyung Jeon, Sang Soo Kim, Yong Ki Kim, In Joo Kim
INTRODUCTION: We present a rare case of chylothorax associated with an intrathoracic goiter in Graves' disease that was treated with radioactive iodine. CASE REPORT: A 23-year-old woman with Graves' disease was referred to our clinic with a pleural effusion, dyspnea, characteristic bilateral proptosis, and a diffuse goiter. The pleural fluid biochemistry was consistent with chylothorax. However, the chylothorax did not decrease with conservative therapy. Therefore, RAI was administered...
April 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Antonio Simone Laganà, Paola Rossetti, Fabrizio Sapia, Benito Chiofalo, Massimo Buscema, Gaetano Valenti, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Kok-Yong Chin, Soelaiman Ima-Nirwana
BACKGROUND: Testosterone deficiency is linked to low-grade inflammation in humans, but this condition is not replicated in an animal study. The current study aims at determining the effects of testosterone deficiency and its replacement on the circulating inflammatory cytokine level in orchidectomized male rats. METHODS: Three-month-old Sprague-Dawley male rats (n = 18) were randomized equally into 3 groups. Bilateral orchidectomy was performed on 2 groups. The sham group was subjected to similar surgical stress, but their testes were retained...
January 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Ejiofor T Ugwu, John Maluze, Godwin C Onyebueke
Psychosis, as the first presentation of thyrotoxicosis, is extremely rare. Consequently, it is often misdiagnosed as a primary psychiatric disorder, especially in developing countries with poor healthcare facilities. Owing to the high level of illiteracy and lack of knowledge, it is fairly common to ascribe many illnesses to spiritual attacks in Nigeria and other African countries, especially when the disease is rarely seen or is associated with psychiatric manifestations. Herein, we present the case of a teenage female Nigerian and review the literature on this subject...
January 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Samaneh Ansari, Mahmoud Djalali, Niyaz Mohammadzadeh Honarvar, Maryam Mazaherioun, Mahnaz Zarei, Fahimeh Agh, Zahra Gholampour, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht
BACKGROUND: Diabetes refers to a group of metabolic diseases with blood glucose of higher than normal ranges. Furthermore, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are necessary for the regulation of the activity of human function. The effect of n-3 PUFA on diabetes has been investigated in animal studies, yet, the exact amount has not been set, to date. Irisin, as a new myokine, is released from skeletal muscle and Irisin levels decrease as a result of physical inactivity, overweightness, and obesity...
January 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Laura Ohana Marques Coelho de Carvalho, Raymundo Miguel Garcia Lora, Claudia Renata Rezende Penna, Izabel Calland Ricarte Beserra
BACKGROUND: Testicular adrenal rest tumors are a benign condition characterized by the presence of remnants of adrenal tissue within the testes that can lead to infertility. Testicular microlithiasis are calculus deposits within the seminiferous tubules. Both are described in congenital adrenal hyperplasia. OBJECTIVES: Describe the frequency of testicular adrenal rest tumors and testicular microlithiasis in a Brazilian case series of patients with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia and to also relate these changes to disease control and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis disorders...
January 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Behzad Heidari, Abdollah Muhammadi, Yahya Javadian, Ali Bijani, Reza Hosseini, Mansour Babaei
BACKGROUND: Low bone mineral density and osteoporosis is prevalent in elderly subjects. This study aimed to determine the associated factors of bone mineral density and osteoporosis in elderly males. METHODS: All participants of the Amirkola health and ageing project cohort aged 60 years and older entered the study. Bone mineral density at femoral neck and lumbar spine was assessed by the dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) method. Osteoporosis was diagnosed by the international society for clinical densitometry criteria and the association of bone mineral density and osteoporosis with several clinical, demographic and biochemical parameters...
January 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Hassan Ouleghzal, Tarik Ziadi, Mohammed Menfaa, Soumia Safi
The association of diabetes mellitus and insulinoma is unusual. We are reporting the case of a 58 years old patient having diabetes mellitus type 2 for several years. This patient was well balanced with oral anti-diabetic treatment. However, the diagnosis of insulinoma was discussed due to recent episodes of hypoglycemia that persisted even after stopping the treatment. Abdominal CT allowed the topographic diagnosis. The patient underwent a caudal pancreatectomy. Furthermore, the postoperative period shows that the diabetes mellitus requires the oral anti-diabetic treatment and basal insulin have to be stable...
January 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Pilar I Beato-Víbora, S Alejo-González
INTRODUCTION: Interfering antibodies are capable of causing potentially misleading results in automated thyroid hormone immunoassays. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 46- year-old female patient with autoimmune hypothyroidism in chronic replacement treatment with levothyroxine who was presented 8 years after diagnosis with a thyroid function test showing an increased level of TSH and a very high level of FT4. Interference in the laboratory serum free thyroxin (FT4) test was suspected, due to the lack of symptoms of hyperthyroidism and a different immunoassay platform confirmed a low FT4 result...
January 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Fereidoun Azizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Zahra Razavi, Lida Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common treatable cause of mental retardation and can be classified into permanent and transient types. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of permanent and transient congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in Hamadan, West province of Iran. METHODS: The study population included all cases with primary congenital hypothyroidism, which were confirmed by thyroid function tests (TSH levels ≥ 10 mIU/L)...
October 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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