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Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283229/postcraniectomy-cranioplasty-using-autologous-split-calvarial-graft
#1
Saurabh Arya, Lalit Janjani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283228/unsuspected-skin-metastasis-of-adenocarcinoma-of-the-prostate-in-a-patient-on-goserelin-zoladex
#2
Timothy Uzoma Mbaeri, Jideofor Chukwuma Orakwe, Ogochukwu I Ezejiofor
Prostate cancer remains the most common noncutaneous cancer in men, especially in this era of prostate-specific antigen assay. Prostate cancer metastases have been known to commonly affect the lymphatics, bones, and lungs. Prostate cancer metastasis to the skin is very rare (<1%) and often signifies a terminal disease. Involvement of the skin has been thought to be through lymphatic spread by embolization or permeation, hematogenous spread, and implantation during surgery (port site in radical prostatectomy)...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283227/secretory-carcinoma-of-the-breast-in-a-20-year-old-male-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Abdurrahman Abba Sheshe, Mohammed Ibrahim Imam
Secretory breast carcinoma (SBC) is a very rare low-grade subtype of breast carcinoma. It was initially termed "juvenile breast cancer," but it is now known to occur in adults of both sexes, and only few male cases have been reported in the literature. SBC is of importance because of its unique morphology and excellent prognosis. We report here a case in a 20-year-old male presenting with right pedunculated and ulcerated breast mass with associated contact bleeding. Histopathology was performed and it revealed a secretory carcinoma...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283226/mixed-adenoneuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-esophagus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Fernando Mendoza-Moreno, M R Díez-Gago, J Mínguez-García, B Tallón-Iglesias, G Zarzosa-Hernández, S Fernández, M Solana-Maoño, J M Argüello-De-Andrés
The most frequent presentation of esophageal cancer is adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. In recent years, the latter has decreased its incidence increasing the adenocarcinoma. Currently, another type of tumor with a much lower incidence has been described, which has a neuroendocrine component along with another exocrine glandular component and has been classified since 2010 as mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma (MANEC). We present the case of a 68-year-old male with a history of dyspepsia and epigastric pain who after performing a gastroscopy, was diagnosed with a malignant neoplasm of the esophagus...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283225/maxillectomy-and-quality-of-life-experience-from-a-nigerian-tertiary-institution
#5
V I Akinmoladun, C A Akinyamoju, F O Olaniran, O I Olaopa
Introduction: Maxillectomy is a surgical procedure for managing tumors affecting the maxilla; the goal of maxillectomy however should not be limited to tumor extirpation but should include restoration of oronasal function and facial contours, as failure to do these may give rise to psychosocial and functional challenges. This study aimed to appraise the pattern of maxillectomies, challenges of management, and quality of life (QOL) of a proportion of the study population. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283224/role-of-hunger-hormone-ghrelin-in-long-term-weight-loss-following-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#6
Pulkit Sethi, Manoj Thillai, Prabhdeep Singh Nain, Ashish Ahuja, Navpreet Aulakh, Preetika Khurana
Introduction: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become a popular weight loss technique in morbidly obese patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate the changes in plasma ghrelin levels in relation to weight loss following LSG and to study the efficacy of LSG in terms of long-term glycemic control and resolution of diabetes. Methodology: The study was conducted on 70 morbidly obese patients (body mass index [BMI] >40 kg/m2 ) or severely obese patients (BMI >35 kg/m2 ) with comorbidities who underwent LSG in Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, India...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283223/emergency-ileo-cecal-anastomosis-with-inclusion-of-appendicular-stump-in-terminal-ileal-pathology-a-newer-approach
#7
Shyam Bhutra, Amit Singh, T P Devpura
Background: In emergency settings, several surgical procedures are described while dealing with pathology of terminal ileal lying within 15 cm of the ileocecal valve, but there is still confusion and controversy over the optimal surgical treatment. Methods: A nonrandomized study of 210 patients with near terminal ileal pathology (within 15 cm) was carried out over a period of 10 years. The study included 112 cases in which an ileocecal anastomosis with inclusion of appendicular stump was used in terminal ileal pathologies, and in rest 98 cases, other surgical procedures were used...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283222/use-of-the-world-health-organization-surgical-safety-checklist-by-nigerian-anesthetists
#8
John Olutola Olatosi, Nneka Chinedu Anaegbu, Adeniyi Adesida
Background: Surgery and anesthesia are essential parts of global healthcare. Surgical intervention has been largely beneficial but remains associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The increasing complexity of surgical interventions has made providers more prone to avoidable errors. The World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist (WHO SSC) was disseminated worldwide with the aim of reducing perioperative morbidity and mortality. Objective: There is a paucity of data to assess awareness and use of WHO SSC in low- and middle-income countries...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283221/tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-interleukin-1-alpha-as-predictors-of-survival-in-peritonitis-a-pilot-study
#9
Oludolapo Ola Afuwape, Omobolaji O Ayandipo, Modupe Kuti, T A Adigun, O K Idowu
Context: Peritonitis induces an inflammatory response characterized by the elevation of various cytokine levels. Included in this cascade of cytokines are tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1α). The outcome of patient care may be associated with the pattern of elaboration of these cytokines. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the pattern of cytokine response (TNF-α and IL-1α) in the course of peritonitis and evaluate them as predictors of mortality in peritonitis...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283220/evaluation-of-immunohistochemical-profile-of-breast-cancer-for-prognostics-and-therapeutic-use
#10
Prem Chand, Anubha Garg, Vandana Singla, Nisha Rani
Introduction: Breast cancer is leading cancer in women, and the incidence of breast cancer in India is on the rise. The most common histologic type of breast cancer is infiltrating ductal carcinoma. Prognostic and predictive factors are used in the management of breast cancer. Estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2/neu) are immunohistochemical markers of prognosis as well as predictors of response to therapy. Aims and Objectives: The study was conducted to evaluate ER, PR, and HER2/neu expressions in invasive ductal carcinomas of the breast by immunohistochemistry, to explore the correlation of these markers to each other and to various clinicopathological parameters: age of the patient, histological grade, tumor size, and lymph node metastasis...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283219/a-clinical-study-on-comparative-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-carbamazepine-and-combination-of-carbamazepine-with-baclofen-or-capsaicin-in-the-management-of-trigeminal-neuralgia
#11
Nidhi Puri, Akshay Rathore, G Dharmdeep, Swapnil Vairagare, B Rajendra Prasad, R Priyadarshini, Harkanwal Preet Singh
Background: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is characterized by recurrent attacks of lancinating pain in the trigeminal nerve distribution. Various medicinal and surgical procedures have been utilized for the treatment of TN. Over the time, several drugs other than carbamazepine have been used but none of them have shown satisfying results. Objective: The objective of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of carbamazepine and combination of carbamazepine with baclofen or capsaicin in the management of TN...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283218/radiographic-evaluation-of-anterior-loop-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-a-cone-beam-computer-tomography-study
#12
Om Prakash, Pankaj Kumar Srivastava, Bhuvan Jyoti, Rafiya Mushtaq, Tarun Vyas, Purumandla Usha
Background: A well awareness of the variation of inferior alveolar canal is mandatory to avoid iatrogenic complication. This study was conducted among 90 patients to determine variation in inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) loop through cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Materials and Methods: CBCT images of 90 patients were involved in this study. All images were studied by the expert radiologist to see Type I, Type II, and Type III pattern of IAN canal (IANC)...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283217/efficiency-of-ultrasonography-in-swellings-of-orofacial-region
#13
Sameer Ramesh Zope, Abhishek A Talathi, Avadhut Kamble, Selabh Thakur, Pradeep Dilip Taide, Vaibhav Kumar, Harkanwal Preet Singh
Introduction: Ultrasonography (USG) is found to be important in identifying various soft-tissue pathologies in the orofacial region. Therefore, its features should be studied and documented in these lesions so that a more appropriate provisional diagnosis can be made. Aim: This study aims to study ultrasonographic features in various kinds of swellings in the orofacial region. Materials and Methods: The study grouped consists of 30 patients of both sexes (20 males and 10 females) with an age range of 15-70 years complaining of swellings in the orofacial region...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283216/histological-characteristics-of-breast-lesions-in-uyo-nigeria
#14
Chukwuemeka Charles Nwafor, Isaac Assam Udo
Background: The breast is a common site for pathologies which predominantly involves the female breast. While benign diseases are more common, malignancies are of utmost concern for the patient, clinician, and the pathologist. Aim: The aim of this study is to audit the clinical and pathological features of patients with breast lumps in a tertiary center in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective observational study of histologically diagnosed breast lumps over a period of 8 years...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283215/crash-characteristics-and-pattern-of-motorcycle-related-facial-bone-fractures-in-a-sub-urban-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#15
Obitade S Obimakinde, Oyebanji A Olajuyin, Taopheeq B Rabiu, Olusoji J Olanrewaju
Context: Recent studies indicated that significant proportion of facial fractures attributed to road traffic mishaps in the middle- and low-income countries are caused by motorcycle (MC) crashes. However, there is limited information on crash characteristics of such injuries. This study was designed to examine the crash characteristics, pattern of fracture, and sociodemographics of patients with facial bone fractures due to MC crashes in our institution. Subjects and Methods: Data on patients' sociodemographics, pattern of presentation, type(s) of fracture, patient status, crash characteristics, level of consciousness, and treatment offered were collected and analyzed...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643738/an-alternative-technique-in-the-control-of-massive-presacral-rectal-bleeding-fixation-of-gore-tex-%C3%A2-aortic-patch
#16
Mustafa Ozsoy, Zehra Ozsoy, Suleyman Sahin, Yüksel Arikan
The presacral venous system is located under the pelvic fascia covering the anterior of the sacrum and consists of two lateral sacral veins, middle sacral vein, and the veins that communicate them. The presacral venous system can be easily damaged and causes serious bleeding which is difficult to control and may cause intraoperative mortality. Its incidence varies between 3% and 9.4%. Although several methods have been tried to control presacral bleeding, the definitive method of treatment has not yet been identified...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643737/ectopic-pancreas-causing-partial-gastric-outlet-obstruction-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Abdurrahaman Abba Sheshe, Ibrahim Yusuf
Ectopic pancreas is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction, perhaps rarer still among Africans. Although the entity is known, the diagnostic challenges are enormous, especially in the poor-resource environment. Gastric outlet obstruction resulting from ectopic pancreas in an adult is the first of its kind in our center; we, therefore, present this case to describe the challenges faced with diagnosis, treatment, and the lesson learned. Ectopic pancreas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of gastric outlet obstruction...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643736/desmoid-fibromatosis-of-the-lower-abdominal-wall-in-irrua-nigeria
#18
Oluwafemi Olasupo Awe, Sylvester Eluehike
Desmoid fibromatosis (desmoid tumors) is rare tumors. It can occur as intra-abdominal, extraabdominal, or abdominal wall tumor depending on the site. The abdominal wall type is usually sporadic, but few have been associated with familial adenomatous polyposis. They are commonly seen in young females who are pregnant with a history of the previous cesarean section scar or within the 1st year of the last childbirth. There is an association between this tumor, presence of estrogen receptors, and abdominal trauma...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643735/combined-laparoscopic-and-cystoscopic-retrieval-of-forgotten-translocated-intrauterine-contraceptive-device
#19
Taiwo O Alabi, Mohan Keshavamurthy, Shabeer Ahmed, Rufus W Ojewola, Mahendra Jain, Kehinde H Tijani
The most commonly used long-term reversible female contraception is intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD). Its use is however associated with documented complications. Uterine perforation, though rare, is arguably the most surgically important of all these complications. We report a case of a 48-year-old para 4+0 (4 alive) woman who had IUCD insertion 17 years earlier and had forgotten she had the device having had two children thereafter. The IUCD was subsequently translocated through the dome of the bladder into the peritoneal cavity with calculus formation around the tail and thread of the IUCD in the urinary bladder causing recurrent urinary tract infection...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643734/unusual-intravesical-foreign-body-following-perineo-vesical-injury
#20
Ekene Victor Ezenwa, Emmanuel O Osaigbovon, I J Ofuani
Reports of foreign body in the bladder are rare. Various objects have been retrieved. Diagnosis is mainly by history of lower urinary tract symptoms and low abdominal pain combined with relevant radiological investigations. Treatment depends on the size, nature, and configuration of the object. The approach may be endoscopic or through open surgery depending on the above highlighted factors.
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
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