journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Diabetes Research

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232950/transcriptional-profile-of-kidney-from-type-2-diabetic-db-db-mice
#1
Haojun Zhang, Tingting Zhao, Zhiguo Li, Meihua Yan, Hailing Zhao, Bin Zhu, Ping Li
Diabetic nephropathy (DN), a common diabetic microvascular complication, is characterized by progressive glomerular sclerosis and tubulointerstitial fibrosis. However, the underlying mechanisms involved in DN remain to be elucidated. We explored changes in the transcriptional profile in spontaneous type 2 diabetic db/db mice by using the cDNA microarray. Compared with control db/m mice, the db/db mice exhibited marked increases in body weight, kidney weight, and urinary albumin excretion. Renal histological analysis revealed mesangial expansion and thickness of the basement membrane in the kidney of the db/db mice...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232949/impact-of-elka-the-electronic-device-for-prandial-insulin-dose-calculation-on-metabolic-control-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Agnieszka Kowalska, Katarzyna Piechowiak, Anna Ramotowska, Agnieszka Szypowska
Background. The ELKa system is composed of computer software, with a database of nutrients, and a dedicated USB kitchen scale. It was designed to automatize the everyday calculations of food exchanges and prandial insulin doses. Aim. To investigate the influence of the ELKa on metabolic control in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Methods. A randomized, parallel, open-label clinical trial involved 106 patients aged <18 years with T1DM, HbA1C ≤ 10%, undergoing intensive insulin therapy, allocated to the intervention group, who used the ELKa (n = 53), or the control group (n = 53), who used conventional calculation methods...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197420/the-challenges-of-electronic-health-records-and-diabetes-electronic-prescribing-implications-for-safety-net-care-for-diverse-populations
#3
REVIEW
Neda Ratanawongsa, Lenny L S Chan, Michelle M Fouts, Elizabeth J Murphy
Widespread electronic health record (EHR) implementation creates new challenges in the diabetes care of complex and diverse populations, including safe medication prescribing for patients with limited health literacy and limited English proficiency. This review highlights how the EHR electronic prescribing transformation has affected diabetes care for vulnerable patients and offers recommendations for improving patient safety through EHR electronic prescribing design, implementation, policy, and research. Specifically, we present evidence for (1) the adoption of RxNorm; (2) standardized naming and picklist options for high alert medications such as insulin; (3) the widespread implementation of universal medication schedule and language-concordant labels, with the expansion of electronic prescription 140-character limit; (4) enhanced bidirectional communication with pharmacy partners; and (5) informatics and implementation research in safety net healthcare systems to examine how EHR tools and practices affect diverse vulnerable populations...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191472/suppression-of-excessive-histone-deacetylases-activity-in-diabetic-hearts-attenuates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-mitochondria-apoptosis-pathway
#4
Yang Wu, Yan Leng, Qingtao Meng, Rui Xue, Bo Zhao, Liying Zhan, Zhongyuan Xia
Background. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play a pivotal role in signaling modification and gene transcriptional regulation that are essential for cardiovascular pathophysiology. Diabetic hearts with higher HDACs activity were more vulnerable to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury compared with nondiabetic hearts. We are curious about whether suppression of excessive HDACs activity in diabetic heart protects against MI/R injury. Methods. Diabetic rats were subjected to 45 min of ischemia, followed by 3 h of reperfusion...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191471/lipids-a-suitable-therapeutic-target-in-diabetic-neuropathy
#5
REVIEW
M C Perez-Matos, M C Morales-Alvarez, C O Mendivil
Diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) encompasses multiple syndromes with a common pathogenesis. Glycemic control shows a limited correlation with DPN, arguing in favor of major involvement of other factors, one of which is alterations of lipid and lipoprotein metabolism. Consistent associations have been found between plasma triglycerides/remnant lipoproteins and the risk of DPN. Studies in cultured nerve tissue or in murine models of diabetes have unveiled mechanisms linking lipid metabolism to DPN. Deficient insulin action increases fatty acids flux to nerve cells, inducing mitochondrial dysfunction, anomalous protein kinase C signaling, and perturbations in the physicochemical properties of the plasma membrane...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191470/effects-of-a-novel-glucokinase-activator-hms5552-on-glucose-metabolism-in-a-rat-model-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Ping Wang, Huili Liu, Li Chen, Yingli Duan, Qunli Chen, Shoumin Xi
Glucokinase (GK) plays a critical role in the control of whole-body glucose homeostasis. We investigated the possible effects of a novel glucokinase activator (GKA), HMS5552, to the GK in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into four groups: control group, diabetic group, low-dose (10 mg/kg) HMS5552-treated diabetic group (HMS-L), and high-dose (30 mg/kg) HMS5552-treated diabetic group (HMS-H). HMS5552 was administered intragastrically to the T2DM rats for one month...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182086/urinary-microvesicle-bound-uromodulin-a-potential-molecular-biomarker-in-diabetic-kidney-disease
#7
Neng-Jun Lou, Yi-Hong Ni, Hong-Ying Jia, Jing-Ti Deng, Lu Jiang, Feng-Jie Zheng, Ai-Li Sun
This study was designed to investigate the changes of urinary microvesicle-bound uromodulin and total urinary uromodulin levels in human urine and the correlations with the severity of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). 31 healthy subjects without diabetes and 100 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were included in this study. The patients with T2DM were divided into three groups based on the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR): normoalbuminuria group (DM, n = 46); microalbuminuria group (DN1, n = 32); and macroalbuminuria group (DN2, n = 22)...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180129/metabolic-mechanisms-and-potential-therapies-of-diabetic-cardiac-complications
#8
EDITORIAL
Dake Qi, Zhengyuan Xia, Zhenwu Zhuang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168204/rationale-design-and-baseline-characteristics-of-beijing-prediabetes-reversion-program-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-lifestyle-intervention-and-or-pioglitazone-in-reversion-to-normal-glucose-tolerance-in-prediabetes
#9
Yingying Luo, Sanjoy K Paul, Xianghai Zhou, Cuiqing Chang, Wei Chen, Xiaohui Guo, Jinkui Yang, Linong Ji, Hongyuan Wang
Background. Patients with prediabetes are at high risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). No study has explored whether intervention could revert prediabetes to normal glycemic status as the primary outcome. Beijing Prediabetes Reversion Program (BPRP) would evaluate whether intensive lifestyle modification and/or pioglitazone could revert prediabetic state to normoglycemia and improve the risk factors of CVD as well. Methods. BPRP is a randomized, multicenter, 2 × 2 factorial design study. Participants diagnosed as prediabetes were randomized into four groups (conventional/intensive lifestyle intervention and 30 mg pioglitazone/placebo) with a three-year follow-up...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168203/microvesicles-correlated-with-components-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-men-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-lowered-testosterone-levels-but-were-unaltered-by-testosterone-therapy
#10
Jaco Botha, Line Velling Magnussen, Morten Hjuler Nielsen, Tine Bo Nielsen, Kurt Højlund, Marianne Skovsager Andersen, Aase Handberg
Aims. To investigate how circulating microvesicle phenotypes correlate with insulin sensitivity, body composition, plasma lipids, and hepatic fat accumulation. We hypothesized that changes elicited by testosterone replacement therapy are reflected in levels of microvesicles. Methods. Thirty-nine type 2 diabetic males with lowered testosterone levels were assigned to either testosterone replacement therapy or placebo and evaluated at baseline and after 24 weeks. Microvesicles were analysed by flow cytometry and defined as lactadherin-binding particles within the 0...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168202/interorgan-crosstalk-contributing-to-%C3%AE-cell-dysfunction
#11
REVIEW
Katsuya Tanabe, Kikuko Amo-Shiinoki, Masayuki Hatanaka, Yukio Tanizawa
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) results from pancreatic β-cell failure in the setting of insulin resistance. In the early stages of this disease, pancreatic β-cells meet increased insulin demand by both enhancing insulin-secretory capacity and increasing β-cell mass. As the disease progresses, β-cells fail to maintain these compensatory responses. This involves both extrinsic signals and mediators intrinsic to β-cells, which adversely affect β-cells by impairing insulin secretion, decreasing proliferative capacities, and ultimately causing apoptosis...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168201/effectiveness-of-a-group-based-culturally-tailored-lifestyle-intervention-program-on-changes-in-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-among-asian-indians-in-the-united-states
#12
Rupal M Patel, Ranjita Misra, Sudha Raj, Ashok Balasubramanyam
This study used an experimental, pretest-posttest control group repeated measures design to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based culturally appropriate lifestyle intervention program to reduce the risk for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among Gujarati Asian Indians (AIs) in an urban community in the US. Participants included 70 adult AIs in the greater Houston metropolitan area. The primary outcomes were reduction in weight and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and improvement in physical activity. Participants were screened for risk factors and randomly assigned to a 12-week group-based lifestyle intervention program (n = 34) or a control group (n = 36) that received standard print material on diabetes prevention...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164134/diabetes-induced-reactive-oxygen-species-mechanism-of-their-generation-and-role-in-renal-injury
#13
REVIEW
Selim Fakhruddin, Wael Alanazi, Keith E Jackson
Diabetes induces the onset and progression of renal injury through causing hemodynamic dysregulation along with abnormal morphological and functional nephron changes. The most important event that precedes renal injury is an increase in permeability of plasma proteins such as albumin through a damaged glomerular filtration barrier resulting in excessive urinary albumin excretion (UAE). Moreover, once enhanced UAE begins, it may advance renal injury from progression of abnormal renal hemodynamics, increased glomerular basement membrane (GBM) thickness, mesangial expansion, extracellular matrix accumulation, and glomerulosclerosis to eventual end-stage renal damage...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164133/the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-independently-predicts-mortality-in-diabetic-foot-ulcers-patients-undergoing-amputations
#14
Yuanyuan Xie, Hailing Zhang, Tingting Ye, Shengjie Ge, Ruyi Zhuo, Hong Zhu
Objective. Patients with diabetic foot ulcers undergoing amputations have poor prognosis. Malnutrition usually occurs in this population and is associated with increased risk of mortality. The geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) is a widely used, simple, and well-established tool to assess nutritional risk. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between GNRI and all-cause mortality in diabetic foot ulcers patients undergoing minor or major amputations. Methods. This was a retrospective cohort study including 271 adult patients...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164132/nlrp3-inflammasome-expression-and-signaling-in-human-diabetic-wounds-and-in-high-glucose-induced-macrophages
#15
Xiaotian Zhang, Jiezhi Dai, Li Li, Hua Chen, Yimin Chai
Introduction. To investigate the contribution and mechanism of NLRP3 inflammasome expression in human wounds in diabetes mellitus and in high glucose induced macrophages. Methods. In the present study, we compared the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome in debridement wound tissue from diabetic and nondiabetic patients. We also examined whether high glucose induces NLRP3 inflammasome expression in cultures THP-1-derived macrophages and the influence on IL-1β expression. Results. The expressions of NLRP3, caspase1, and IL-1β, at both the mRNA and protein level, were significantly higher in wounds of diabetic patients compared with nondiabetic wounds (P < 0...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164131/health-literacy-diabetes-prevention-and-self-management
#16
EDITORIAL
Joanne Protheroe, Gill Rowlands, Bernadette Bartlam, Diane Levin-Zamir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154830/case-finding-and-medical-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-among-different-ethnic-minority-groups-the-helius-study
#17
Marieke B Snijder, Charles Agyemang, Ron J Peters, Karien Stronks, Joanna K Ujcic-Voortman, Irene G M van Valkengoed
Aims. Prevention of diabetes complications depends on the level of case finding and successful treatment of diabetes, which may differ between ethnicities. Therefore, we studied the prevalence by age, awareness, treatment, and control of type 2 diabetes, among a multiethnic population. Methods. We included 4,541 Dutch, 3,032 South-Asian Surinamese, 4,109 African Surinamese, 2,323 Ghanaian, 3,591 Turkish, and 3,887 Moroccan participants (aged 18-70 y) from the HELIUS study. The prevalence of diabetes was analysed by sex, ethnicity, and 10-year age groups...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154829/hba1c-based-score-model-for-predicting-death-risk-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Lingling He, Shuan Zhang, Xiaoli Liu, Yuyong Jiang, Xianbo Wang, Zhiyun Yang
Aim. To establish a new score model to predict risk of death in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods. This was a retrospective study of 147 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and type 2 diabetes mellitus who came to Beijing Ditan Hospital between October 2008 and June 2013. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to obtain the independent factors associated with death risk. A new score model was devised according to these factors. Results...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133617/molecular-analysis-of-a-genetic-variants-panel-related-to-nutrients-and-metabolism-association-with-susceptibility-to-gestational-diabetes-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-affected-women
#19
Marica Franzago, Federica Fraticelli, Antonio Nicolucci, Claudio Celentano, Marco Liberati, Liborio Stuppia, Ester Vitacolonna
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most frequent metabolic disorder in pregnancy. Women with a GDM history are at increased risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Studies have demonstrated a significant correlation between several genes involved in the metabolic pathway of insulin and environmental factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between clinical parameters in GDM and variants in genes involved with nutrients and metabolism. Several variants PPARG2 rs1801282 (C>G); PPARGC1A rs8192678 (C>T); TCF7L2 rs7903146 (C>T); LDLR rs2228671 (C>T); MTHFR rs1801133 (C>T); APOA5 rs662799 (T>C); GCKR rs1260326 (C>T); FTO rs9939609 (T>A); MC4R rs17782313 (T>C) were genotyped in 168 pregnant Caucasian women with or without GDM by High Resolution Melting (HRM) analysis...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127564/ursodeoxycholic-acid-attenuates-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-related-retinal-pericyte-loss-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#20
Yoo-Ri Chung, Jeong A Choi, Jae-Young Koh, Young Hee Yoon
Loss of pericytes, an early hallmark of diabetic retinopathy (DR), results in breakdown of the blood-retinal barrier. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress may be involved in this process. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), a known ameliorator of ER stress, on pericyte loss in DR of streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced diabetic mice. To assess the extent of DR, the integrity of retinal vessels and density of retinal capillaries in STZ-induced diabetic mice were evaluated...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
journal
journal
47643
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"