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BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation

Kristina Fagher, Jenny Jacobsson, Toomas Timpka, Örjan Dahlström, Jan Lexell
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13102-016-0053-x.].
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Anna Ericsson, Tomas Bremell, Åsa Cider, Kaisa Mannerkorpi
BACKGROUND: There is very limited knowledge about the effects of exercise on men with Chronic Widespread Pain (CWP), especially regarding fatigue. We wanted to investigate the effects of resistance exercise compared with pool exercise on multidimensional fatigue, psychological distress and physical capacity in men with CWP. METHODS: Thirty-four men with CWP, with a mean age of 49 (SD 8, range 26-59) years, were randomised to 12 weeks of standardised pool exercise (PE) or resistance exercise (RE)...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Kristina Fagher, Jenny Jacobsson, Toomas Timpka, Örjan Dahlström, Jan Lexell
BACKGROUND: Paralympic sport provides sporting opportunities for athletes with a disability, with the Paralympic Games as the main event. Participation in sport is, however, associated with a significant risk for sustaining injuries and illnesses. Our knowledge of sports-related injuries and illnesses in Paralympic sport is very limited and there are no large-scale epidemiological cohort studies. The purpose here is to present a protocol for a prospective longitudinal study: The Sports-Related Injuries and Illnesses in Paralympic Sport Study (SRIIPSS)...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
François Cabana, Catherine Pagé, Amy Svotelis, Samuel Langlois-Michaud, Michel Tousignant
BACKGROUND: Proximal humerus fractures can be treated surgically (eg: pinning, plate and screws) or conservatively by wearing a splint or a cast. Following both of these approaches, rehabilitation has proven effective to prevent functional limitations and to re-establish normal shoulder function. However, access to these rehabilitation services and compliance tends to be limited in elderly patients due to travelling difficulties caused by their precarious health status and, in some cases, social and marital status...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Andrew J Vickers, Emily A Vertosick
BACKGROUND: Studies of endurance running have typically involved elite athletes, small sample sizes and measures that require special expertise or equipment. METHODS: We examined factors associated with race performance and explored methods for race time prediction using information routinely available to a recreational runner. An Internet survey was used to collect data from recreational endurance runners (N = 2303). The cohort was split 2:1 into a training set and validation set to create models to predict race time...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Gillian Barry, Paul van Schaik, Alasdair MacSween, John Dixon, Denis Martin
BACKGROUND: The use of exergaming is a potential alternative to traditional methods of balance training, which can be repetitive and somewhat monotonous. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of exergaming using XBOX Kinect™ versus traditional gym-based exercise with no virtual stimuli (TGB) on postural control, technology acceptance, flow experience and exercise intensity, in young healthy adults. METHODS: Fifty healthy active adults (age: 33.8 ± 12...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Charlotte Brun Thorup, Mette Grønkjær, Helle Spindler, Jan Jesper Andreasen, John Hansen, Birthe Irene Dinesen, Gitte Nielsen, Erik Elgaard Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation reduces morbidity and mortality. Walking is a convenient activity suitable for people with cardiac disease. Pedometers count steps, measure walking activity and motivate people to increase physical activity. In this study, patients participating in cardiac telerehabilitation were provided with a pedometer to support motivation for physical activity with the purpose of exploring pedometer use and self-determined motivation for walking experienced by patients and health professionals during a cardiac telerehabilitation program...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Kai-Uwe Schmitt, Nicole Hörterer, Michael Vogt, Walter O Frey, Silvio Lorenzetti
BACKGROUND: ACL ruptures in Alpine ski racers are frequently observed. This study analysed the association between physical fitness, race performance and the knee injury history. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the influence of physical fitness and performance on the knee injury outcome. As part of this study an injury data base (covering 2004-2013) was established that recorded information about the athletes, their fitness status as determined by a standardised fitness test (Swiss Ski Power Test, SSPT) as well as medical information related to injuries...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Joachim Zdolsek, Annika Metander, Robert Hahn
BACKGROUND: Volume kinetic fluid turnover of three beverages was investigated for the purpose of estimating their rates of absorption and elimination as well as their maximum effect on the blood volume. The results were then used to simulate the effects of ingesting different combinations of these fluids. METHOD: Ten healthy volunteers ingested 0.5 L of tap water, lemonade (90 g/L carbohydrates) and isotonic saline (9 g/L) on different occasions. Venous blood samples for measurement of the blood haemoglobin (Hb), haematocrit and glucose concentrations were collected on 10 occasions over 2 h...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Arwel W Jones, Daniel S March, Ffion Curtis, Christopher Bridle
BACKGROUND: Bovine colostrum is proposed as a nutritional countermeasure to the risk of upper respiratory symptoms (URS) during exercise training. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the size of the effect of bovine colostrum supplementation on URS. METHODS: Databases (CDSR, CENTRAL, Cinahl,, Current Controlled Trials, DARE, EMBASE, Medline, PROSPERO and Web of Science) of published, unpublished and ongoing studies were searched for randomised controlled trials of healthy adults (≥18 years), evaluating the effect of oral bovine colostrum supplementation compared to a concurrent control group on URS...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Urban Johnson, Andreas Ivarsson, Jón Karlsson, Martin Hägglund, Markus Waldén, Mats Börjesson
BACKGROUND: Most of the research in the area of psychosocial factors in rehabilitation after sports injuries has focused on risk behaviors, while relatively few studies have focused on behaviors that facilitate rehabilitation. The objective of our study was to understand the psychosocial features that characterize elite female football players who express a resilient behaviour during rehabilitation after a first-time anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction. METHODS: A qualitative method was used based on individual in-person interviews and video communication of players who incurred a first-time ACL tear during the 2012 season of the Swedish Women's Elite Football League...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Tina Junge, Peter Henriksen, Heidi Lund Andersen, Linette Dyg Byskov, Hans Kromann Knudsen, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
BACKGROUND: Increased shoulder mobility and Generalised Joint Hypermobility (GJH) are assumed to be predisposing risk factors for shoulder injuries. The association between GJH and shoulder mobility among competitive swimmers is unknown. The aim was to study the association between GJH and active horizontal shoulder abduction (AHSA) in young, competitive swimmers and to describe normative values of AHSA in this group. METHODS: In total, 92 swimmers (10-15 years) without shoulder pain participated...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Carlos Cruz-Montecinos, Mauricio Cerda, Rodolfo Sanzana-Cuche, Jaime Martín-Martín, Antonio Cuesta-Vargas
BACKGROUND: The fascia provides and transmits forces for connective tissues, thereby regulating human posture and movement. One way to assess the myofascial interaction is a fascia ultrasound recording. Ultrasound can follow fascial displacement either manually or automatically through two-dimensional (2D) method. One possible method is the iterated Lucas-Kanade Pyramid (LKP) algorithm, which is based on automatic pixel tracking during passive movements in 2D fascial displacement assessments...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Mohamed Chedly Jlid, Nicola Maffulli, Nisar Souissi, Mohamed Souheil Chelly, Thierry Paillard
BACKGROUND: The postural and neuromuscular performances in healthy children taekwondo (TKD) practitioners in comparison with control children were examined. METHODS: Seventeen healthy pre-pubertal males undertaking only physical education at school (age: 11.88 ± 0.33 years) and 12 pre-pubertal male TKD practitioners (>3 years, 4 sessions a week) (age 11.66 ± 0.49 years) were recruited. Performances in the dynamic postural control (Star Excursion Balance Test -SEBT), vertical jump [squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ)] and sprint running (distances: 5, 10, 20 and 30 m) tests were compared between the two groups...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Claudia C M Molema, G C Wanda Wendel-Vos, Lisanne Puijk, Jørgen Dejgaard Jensen, A Jantine Schuit, G Ardine de Wit
BACKGROUND: According to current physical activity guidelines, a substantial percentage of the population in high-income countries is inactive, and inactivity is an important risk factor for chronic conditions and mortality. Financial incentives may encourage people to become more active. The objective of this review was to provide insight in the effectiveness of financial incentives used for promoting physical activity in the healthcare setting. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in three databases: Medline, EMBASE and SciSearch...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Asmare Yitayeh, Amare Teshome
BACKGROUND: Balance dysfunction and postural instability in Parkinson's disease are among the most relevant determinants of an impaired quality of life. Physiotherapy interventions are essential to reduce the level of disability by treating balance dysfunction and postural instability. The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to test the effectiveness of conventional physiotherapy interventions in the management of balance dysfunction and postural instability in Persons with idiopathic Parkinson's disease...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Lisa Vizza, Caroline A Smith, Soji Swaraj, Kingsley Agho, Birinder S Cheema
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility of executing a randomized controlled trial of progressive resistance training (PRT) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Women with PCOS were randomized to an experimental (PRT) group or a no-exercise (usual care) control group. The PRT group was prescribed two supervised and two unsupervised (home-based) training sessions per week for 12 weeks. Feasibility outcomes included recruitment and attrition, adherence, adverse events, and completion of assessments...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Marília Santos Andrade, Fabiana de Carvalho Koffes, Ana Amélia Benedito-Silva, Antonio Carlos da Silva, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira
BACKGROUND: Arm throwing represents a deciding element in handball. Ball velocity, aim accuracy, and dynamic stability of the shoulder are factors that influence throwing effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of muscle fatigue caused by simulated game activities (SGA) on shoulder rotational isokinetic muscle strength, muscle balance and throwing performance, and to examine the relationship between muscle strength and throwing performance. METHODS: Ten national elite adult handball athletes were evaluated...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Pranay Jindal, Amitesh Narayan, Sailakshami Ganesan, Joy C MacDermid
BACKGROUND: Generalized joint hypermobility (GJH), in the absence of symptoms, is a common clinical finding. The joint instability present due to excessive musculoskeletal flexibility in hypermobile joints impairs the external force production during muscle contraction. However, whether GJH is associated with muscle weakness is unclear. This study evaluated differences in upper and lower limb muscle strengths among asymptomatic young adults with and without GJH. METHODS: One hundred six young adults (53 hypermobile, i...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Roberto Zambelli, Rafael Z Pinto, João Murilo Brandão Magalhães, Fernando Araujo Silva Lopes, Rodrigo Simões Castilho, Daniel Baumfeld, Thiago Ribeiro Teles Dos Santos, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: There is a need for a patient-relevant instrument to evaluate outcome after treatment in patients with a total Achilles tendon rupture. The purpose of this study was to undertake a cross-cultural adaptation of the Achilles Tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) into Brazilian Portuguese, determining the test-retest reliability and construct validity of the instrument. METHODS: A five-step approach was used in the cross-cultural adaptation process: initial translation (two bilingual Brazilian translators), synthesis of translation, back-translation (two native English language translators), consensus version and evaluation (expert committee), and testing phase...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
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