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BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755739/abdominal-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-exercise-as-medicine
#1
REVIEW
Carole A Paley, Mark I Johnson
Background: Metabolic syndrome is defined as a cluster of at least three out of five clinical risk factors: abdominal (visceral) obesity, hypertension, elevated serum triglycerides, low serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and insulin resistance. It is estimated to affect over 20% of the global adult population. Abdominal (visceral) obesity is thought to be the predominant risk factor for metabolic syndrome and as predictions estimate that 50% of adults will be classified as obese by 2030 it is likely that metabolic syndrome will be a significant problem for health services and a drain on health economies...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484191/psychometric-properties-of-the-zephyr-bioharness-device-a-systematic-review
#2
Goris Nazari, Pavlos Bobos, Joy C MacDermid, Kathryn E Sinden, Julie Richardson, Ada Tang
Background: Technological development and improvements in Wearable Physiological Monitoring devices, have facilitated the wireless and continuous field-based monitoring/capturing of physiologic measures in healthy, clinical or athletic populations. These devices have many applications for prevention and rehabilitation of musculoskeletal disorders, assuming reliable and valid data is collected. The purpose of this study was to appraise the quality and synthesize findings from published studies on psychometric properties of heart rate measurements taken with the Zephyr Bioharness device...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468072/investigation-of-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-using-a-dynamic-leg-press-and-comparison-with-a-cycle-ergometer
#3
Farouk Chrif, Tobias Nef, Kenneth J Hunt
Background: Leg-press machines are widely employed for musculoskeletal conditioning of the lower-limbs and they provide cardiovascular benefits for resistance training in cardiac patients. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a dynamic leg press (DLP) for incremental cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and to compare the results with those obtained using a cycle ergometer (CE). Methods: Twelve healthy participants aged 27±4 years (mean ± standard deviation) performed incremental cardiopulmonary exercise tests on a DLP and on a CE...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449948/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-following-pediatric-burns-a-preliminary-investigation-using-objective-activity-monitoring
#4
Moniek Akkerman, Leonora J Mouton, Laurien M Disseldorp, Anuschka S Niemeijer, Marco van Brussel, Lucas H V van der Woude, Marianne K Nieuwenhuis
Background: Adequate levels of regular physical activity (PA) are crucial for health and well-being. Pediatric burn injuries can have major physiological consequences in both the short and long term. The question is whether these consequences affect post burn PA levels. This study therefore aimed to describe PA and sedentary behavior (SB) in children and adolescents 1-5 years after burn injury. Methods: Daily PA and SB were monitored in 20 children and adolescents (12 boys and 8 girls, aged 6-17 years, with burns covering 10-37% of total body surface area, 1-5 years post burn) for 1 week using the ActiGraph GTX3+ accelerometer...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435334/may-thurner-syndrome-revealed-by-left-calf-venous-claudication-during-running-a-case-report
#5
Samuel Béliard, Damien Feuvrier, Emilie Ducroux, Lucie Salomon du Mont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435333/combining-perceptual-regulation-and-exergaming-for-exercise-prescription-in-low-active-adults-with-and-without-cognitive-impairment
#6
Liam McAuliffe, Gaynor C Parfitt, Roger G Eston, Caitlin Gray, Hannah A D Keage, Ashleigh E Smith
 Background: Exercise adherence in already low-active older adults with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remains low. Perceptual regulation and exergaming may facilitate future exercise behaviour by improving the affective experience, however evidence that this population can perceptually regulate is lacking. To explore this, we investigated 1) perceptual regulation of exercise intensity during either exergaming or regular ergometer cycling and 2) explored affective responses...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410786/the-effect-of-mere-measurement-from-a-cardiovascular-examination-program-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-an-adult-population
#7
Lisa Voigt, Sophie Baumann, Antje Ullrich, Franziska Weymar, Ulrich John, Sabina Ulbricht
Background: Measuring physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) by self-report or device as well as assessing related health factors may alter those behaviors. Thus, in intervention trials assessments may bias intervention effects. The aim of our study was to examine whether leisure-time PA, transport-related PA, and overall ST measured via self-report vary after assessments and whether a brief tailored letter intervention has an additional effect. Methods: Among a sample of subjects with no history of myocardial infarction, stroke, or vascular intervention, a number of 175 individuals participated in a study comprising multiple repeated assessments...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299318/influence-of-recovery-strategies-upon-performance-and-perceptions-following-fatiguing-exercise-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Fiona Crowther, Rebecca Sealey, Melissa Crowe, Andrew Edwards, Shona Halson
Background: Despite debate regarding their effectiveness, many different post-exercise recovery strategies are used by athletes. This study compared five post-exercise recovery strategies (cold water immersion, contrast water immersion, active recovery, a combined cold water immersion and active recovery and a control condition) to determine which is most effective for subsequent short-term performance and perceived recovery. Methods: Thirty-four recreationally active males undertook a simulated team-game fatiguing circuit followed by the above recovery strategies (randomized, 1 per week)...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299317/a-systematic-review-investigating-measurement-properties-of-physiological-tests-in-rugby
#9
Matthew Chiwaridzo, Sander Oorschot, Jermaine M Dambi, Gillian D Ferguson, Emmanuel Bonney, Tapfuma Mudawarima, Cathrine Tadyanemhandu, Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman
Background: This systematic review was conducted with the first objective aimed at providing an overview of the physiological characteristics commonly evaluated in rugby and the corresponding tests used to measure each construct. Secondly, the measurement properties of all identified tests per physiological construct were evaluated with the ultimate purpose of identifying tests with strongest level of evidence per construct. Methods: The review was conducted in two stages...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299316/anthropometric-multicompartmental-model-to-predict-body-composition-in-brazilian-girls
#10
Dalmo Machado, Analiza Silva, Luis Gobbo, Paula Elias, Francisco J A de Paula, Nilo Ramos
Background: Anthropometric models remain appropriate alternatives to estimate body composition of peripubertal populations. However, these traditional models do not consider other body components that undergo major changes during peripubertal growth spurt, with restrictions to a multicompartimental approach as a quantitative growth. DXA has great potential to determine pediatric body composition in more than one component (3-C), but has limited use in field settings. Thus, the aim of this study was to propose and validate an anthropometric model for simultaneous estimation of lean soft tissue (LST), bone mineral content (BMC) and fat mass (FM) in healthy girls, from a multivariate approach of densitometric technique, as the criterion method...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296281/validity-of-sports-watches-when-estimating-energy-expenditure-during-running
#11
Lilian Roos, Wolfgang Taube, Nadja Beeler, Thomas Wyss
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of three different sport watches in estimating energy expenditure during aerobic and anaerobic running. Methods: Twenty trained subjects ran at different intensities while wearing three commercial sport watches (Suunto Ambit2, Garmin Forerunner920XT, and Polar V800). Indirect calorimetry was used as the criterion measure for assessing energy expenditure. Different formulas were applied to compute energy expenditure from the gas exchange values for aerobic and anaerobic running...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238597/effects-of-nine-weeks-isokinetic-training-on-power-golf-kinematics-and-driver-performance-in-pre-elite-golfers
#12
James Parker, Charlie Lagerhem, John Hellström, M Charlotte Olsson
Background: It has previously been shown that isotonic strength training can improve driver performance among golfers, though few studies have investigated effects of strength training on swing kinematics together with driver performance. In this study we investigated whether isokinetic rotational training could improve driver performance and swing kinematic variables amongst elite golfers. Methods: Twenty competitive pre-elite golfers (handicap better than -3.0), 13 men and 7 women, were split into two groups, one group received the isokinetic power training (IK) alongside their normal isotonic pre-season strength-training and the other group continued with their normal isotonic pre-season strength-training regime (IT)...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238596/limb-symmetry-during-double-leg-squats-and-single-leg-squats-on-land-and-in-water-in-adults-with-long-standing-unilateral-anterior-knee-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Anna C Severin, Brendan J Burkett, Mark R McKean, Aaron N Wiegand, Mark G L Sayers
Background: The presence of pain during movement typically results in changes in technique. However, the physical properties of water, such as flotation, means that water-based exercise may not only reduce compensatory movement patterns but also allow pain sufferers to complete exercises that they are unable to perform on land. The purpose of this study was to assess bilateral kinematics during double-leg squats and single-leg squats on land and in water in individuals with unilateral anterior knee pain...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214025/are-we-missing-opportunities-physiotherapy-and-physical-activity-promotion-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Nicole Freene, Sophie Cools, Bernie Bissett
Background: Physical activity (PA) promotion in healthcare is an important strategy for increasing PA levels. Physiotherapists are well-positioned to promote PA, however no studies have investigated PA promotion by physiotherapists Australia-wide. Methods: An online survey of practicing Australian physiotherapists was conducted to investigate knowledge of the Australian Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour (PASB) guidelines and factors associated with increased promotion frequency...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209504/the-fifa-11-injury-prevention-program-for-soccer-players-a-systematic-review
#15
David Sadigursky, Juliana Almeida Braid, Diogo Neiva Lemos De Lira, Bruno Almeida Barreto Machado, Rogério Jamil Fernandes Carneiro, Paulo Oliveira Colavolpe
Background: Soccer is one of the most widely played sports in the world. However, soccer players have an increased risk of lower limb injury. These injuries may be caused by both modifiable and non-modifiable factors, justifying the adoption of an injury prevention program such as the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 11+. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the FIFA 11+ injury prevention program for soccer players. Methodology: This meta-analysis was based on the PRISMA 2015 protocol...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204280/physical-fitness-and-levels-of-physical-activity-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
David Perez-Cruzado, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas, Elisa Vera-Garcia, Fermín Mayoral-Cleries
Background: Physical fitness is a crucial variable in people with severe mental illness as these people could be more independent and improve their job opportunities. The present study compared the physical fitness of physically active and inactive people with severe mental illness. Methods: Physical fitness was evaluated in sixty-two people with severe mental illness using 11 physical tests that include strength, flexibility, balance and aerobic condition. Significant differences were found between both groups in muscle strength (handgrip test) and balance (single leg balance test and functional reach) with better performance in the group of physically active people...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075501/could-current-factors-be-associated-with-retrospective-sports-injuries-in-brazilian-jiu-jitsu-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Dayana das Graças, Letícia Nakamura, Fernando Sérgio Silva Barbosa, Paula Felippe Martinez, Filipe Abdalla Reis, Silvio Assis de Oliveira-Junior
BACKGROUND: Brazilian jiu-jitsu is characterized by musculoskeletal disorders and high occurrence of sports injuries. The present study was aimed to analyze some internal factors, as well as to describe occurrence and characteristics of retrospective musculoskeletal injuries in different age groups of Brazilian jiu-jitsu practitioners. METHODS: One hundred ninety-three Brazilian jiu-jitsu practitioners, which were divided into three age groups: Adolescent, Adult, and Master...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785412/assessing-upper-limb-function-transcultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-portuguese-version-of-the-stroke-upper-limb-capacity-scale
#18
João Paulo Branco, Sandra Oliveira, João Páscoa Pinheiro, Pedro L Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Brachial hemiparesis is one of the most frequent sequelae of stroke, leading to important functional disability given the role of the upper limb in executing activities of daily living (ADL). The Stroke Upper Limb Capacity Scale (SULCS) is a stroke-specific assessment instrument that evaluates functional capacity of the upper limb based on the execution of 10 tasks. The objective of this study is the transcultural adaptation and psychometric validation of the Portuguese version of the SULCS...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785411/hormonal-aspects-of-overtraining-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#19
Flavio A Cadegiani, Claudio E Kater
BACKGROUND: Overtraining syndrome (OTS), functional (FOR) and non-functional overreaching (NFOR) are conditions diagnosed in athletes with decreased performance and fatigue, triggered by metabolic, immune, hormonal and other dysfunctions and resulted from an imbalance between training stress and proper recovery. Despite previous descriptions, there is a lack of a review that discloses all hormonal findings in OTS/FOR/NFOR. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate whether and which roles hormones play in OTS/FOR/NFOR...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725437/towards-evidence-based-strength-training-a-comparison-of-muscle-forces-during-deadlifts-goodmornings-and-split-squats
#20
Florian Schellenberg, William R Taylor, Silvio Lorenzetti
BACKGROUND: To ensure an efficient and targeted adaptation with low injury risk during strength exercises, knowledge of the participant specific internal loading conditions is essential. The goal of this study was to calculate the lower limb muscles forces during the strength exercises deadlifts, goodmornings and splits squats by means of musculoskeletal simulation. METHODS: 11 participants were assessed performing 10 different variations of split squats by varying the step length as well as the maximal frontal tibia angle, and 13 participants were measured performing deadlift and goodmorning exercises...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
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