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BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989080/association-between-trunk-pain-and-lower-extremity-pain-among-youth-soccer-players-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Yasuhito Sogi, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Yutaka Yabe, Takuya Sekiguchi, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichiro Yoshida, Toshihisa Yano, Eiji Itoi, Ryoichi Nagatomi
Background: Soccer is a high-intensity sport with a high injury rate. Among youth soccer players, lower extremity pain is a major problem that could be associated with trunk function. This study investigated the association between lower extremity pain and trunk pain among youth soccer players. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving youth soccer players participating in the Miyagi Amateur Sports Association was conducted using a self-reported questionnaire. A multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between trunk pain and lower extremity pain...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946473/effects-of-heat-stress-and-dehydration-on-cognitive-function-in-elite-female-field-hockey-players
#2
Hannah MacLeod, Simon Cooper, Stephan Bandelow, Rachel Malcolm, Caroline Sunderland
Background: It has previously been suggested that heat exposure and hypohydration have negative effects on cognitive performance, which may impact upon sporting performance. The aim of the present study was to examine the independent effects of heat stress and hypohydration on cognitive performance in elite female field hockey players. Methods: Eight unacclimatised elite field hockey players (age: 22 ± 3 y; height: 1.68 ± 0.05 m; body mass: 63.1 ± 6...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946472/relationship-between-gait-kinematics-and-walking-energy-expenditure-during-pregnancy-in-south-african-women
#3
Zarko Krkeljas, Sarah Johanna Moss
Background: Various musculoskeletal changes occurring during pregnancy may lead to the change in gait and contribute to the increase in walking energy expenditure. Previous research indicates that changes in gait mechanics may lead to the increase in mechanical work required during walking. However, there is little information to indicate if changes in gait mechanics during pregnancy have impact on active or total energy expenditure. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between changes in gait kinematics and walking energy expenditure in pregnant women...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881626/wrist-worn-optical-and-chest-strap-heart-rate-comparison-in-a-heterogeneous-sample-of-healthy-individuals-and-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients
#4
Francesco Sartor, Jos Gelissen, Ralph van Dinther, David Roovers, Gabriele B Papini, Giuseppe Coppola
Background: The need for unobtrusive HR (heart rate) monitoring has led to the development of a new generation of strapless HR monitors. The aim of this study was to determine whether such an unobtrusive, wrist-worn optical HR monitor (OHRM) could be equivalent and therefore a valid alternative to a traditional chest strap during a broad range of activities in a heterogeneous healthy population and coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. Methods: One hundred ninety-nine healthy volunteers, 84 males and 115 females, including 35 overweight-obese subjects, 53 pregnant women, and 20 CAD patients were tested in the present study...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854409/the-impact-of-test-loads-on-the-accuracy-of-1rm-prediction-using-the-load-velocity-relationship
#5
Mark G L Sayers, Michel Schlaeppi, Marina Hitz, Silvio Lorenzetti
Background: Numerous methods have been proposed that use submaximal loads to predict one repetition maximum (1RM). One common method applies standard linear regression equations to load and average vertical lifting velocity (Vmean ) data developed during squat jumps or three bench press throw (BP-T). The main aim of this project was to determine which combination of three submaximal loads during BP-T result in the most accurate prediction of 1RM Smith Machine bench press strength in healthy individuals...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854408/validation-of-two-short-questionnaires-assessing-physical-activity-in-colorectal-cancer-patients
#6
Hege Berg Henriksen, Sveinung Berntsen, Ingvild Paur, Manuela Zucknick, Anne Juul Skjetne, Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn, Christine Henriksen, Sigbjørn Smeland, Monica Hauger Carlsen, Rune Blomhoff
Background: In order to investigate the impact of adherence to recommendations of physical activity and sedentary time on health outcomes in clinical trials, there is a need for feasible tools such as questionnaires that can give representative estimates of these measures. The primary aim of the present study was to validate two such questionnaires and their ability to estimate adherence to the recommendations of physical activity defined as moderate-to- vigorous physical activity or moderate physical activity of at least 150 min/week in colorectal cancer patients...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755739/abdominal-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-exercise-as-medicine
#7
REVIEW
Carole A Paley, Mark I Johnson
Background: Metabolic syndrome is defined as a cluster of at least three out of five clinical risk factors: abdominal (visceral) obesity, hypertension, elevated serum triglycerides, low serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and insulin resistance. It is estimated to affect over 20% of the global adult population. Abdominal (visceral) obesity is thought to be the predominant risk factor for metabolic syndrome and as predictions estimate that 50% of adults will be classified as obese by 2030 it is likely that metabolic syndrome will be a significant problem for health services and a drain on health economies...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484191/psychometric-properties-of-the-zephyr-bioharness-device-a-systematic-review
#8
Goris Nazari, Pavlos Bobos, Joy C MacDermid, Kathryn E Sinden, Julie Richardson, Ada Tang
Background: Technological development and improvements in Wearable Physiological Monitoring devices, have facilitated the wireless and continuous field-based monitoring/capturing of physiologic measures in healthy, clinical or athletic populations. These devices have many applications for prevention and rehabilitation of musculoskeletal disorders, assuming reliable and valid data is collected. The purpose of this study was to appraise the quality and synthesize findings from published studies on psychometric properties of heart rate measurements taken with the Zephyr Bioharness device...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468072/investigation-of-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-using-a-dynamic-leg-press-and-comparison-with-a-cycle-ergometer
#9
Farouk Chrif, Tobias Nef, Kenneth J Hunt
Background: Leg-press machines are widely employed for musculoskeletal conditioning of the lower-limbs and they provide cardiovascular benefits for resistance training in cardiac patients. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a dynamic leg press (DLP) for incremental cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and to compare the results with those obtained using a cycle ergometer (CE). Methods: Twelve healthy participants aged 27±4 years (mean ± standard deviation) performed incremental cardiopulmonary exercise tests on a DLP and on a CE...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449948/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-following-pediatric-burns-a-preliminary-investigation-using-objective-activity-monitoring
#10
Moniek Akkerman, Leonora J Mouton, Laurien M Disseldorp, Anuschka S Niemeijer, Marco van Brussel, Lucas H V van der Woude, Marianne K Nieuwenhuis
Background: Adequate levels of regular physical activity (PA) are crucial for health and well-being. Pediatric burn injuries can have major physiological consequences in both the short and long term. The question is whether these consequences affect post burn PA levels. This study therefore aimed to describe PA and sedentary behavior (SB) in children and adolescents 1-5 years after burn injury. Methods: Daily PA and SB were monitored in 20 children and adolescents (12 boys and 8 girls, aged 6-17 years, with burns covering 10-37% of total body surface area, 1-5 years post burn) for 1 week using the ActiGraph GTX3+ accelerometer...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435334/may-thurner-syndrome-revealed-by-left-calf-venous-claudication-during-running-a-case-report
#11
Samuel Béliard, Damien Feuvrier, Emilie Ducroux, Lucie Salomon du Mont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435333/combining-perceptual-regulation-and-exergaming-for-exercise-prescription-in-low-active-adults-with-and-without-cognitive-impairment
#12
Liam McAuliffe, Gaynor C Parfitt, Roger G Eston, Caitlin Gray, Hannah A D Keage, Ashleigh E Smith
 Background: Exercise adherence in already low-active older adults with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remains low. Perceptual regulation and exergaming may facilitate future exercise behaviour by improving the affective experience, however evidence that this population can perceptually regulate is lacking. To explore this, we investigated 1) perceptual regulation of exercise intensity during either exergaming or regular ergometer cycling and 2) explored affective responses...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410786/the-effect-of-mere-measurement-from-a-cardiovascular-examination-program-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-an-adult-population
#13
Lisa Voigt, Sophie Baumann, Antje Ullrich, Franziska Weymar, Ulrich John, Sabina Ulbricht
Background: Measuring physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) by self-report or device as well as assessing related health factors may alter those behaviors. Thus, in intervention trials assessments may bias intervention effects. The aim of our study was to examine whether leisure-time PA, transport-related PA, and overall ST measured via self-report vary after assessments and whether a brief tailored letter intervention has an additional effect. Methods: Among a sample of subjects with no history of myocardial infarction, stroke, or vascular intervention, a number of 175 individuals participated in a study comprising multiple repeated assessments...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299318/influence-of-recovery-strategies-upon-performance-and-perceptions-following-fatiguing-exercise-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Fiona Crowther, Rebecca Sealey, Melissa Crowe, Andrew Edwards, Shona Halson
Background: Despite debate regarding their effectiveness, many different post-exercise recovery strategies are used by athletes. This study compared five post-exercise recovery strategies (cold water immersion, contrast water immersion, active recovery, a combined cold water immersion and active recovery and a control condition) to determine which is most effective for subsequent short-term performance and perceived recovery. Methods: Thirty-four recreationally active males undertook a simulated team-game fatiguing circuit followed by the above recovery strategies (randomized, 1 per week)...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299317/a-systematic-review-investigating-measurement-properties-of-physiological-tests-in-rugby
#15
Matthew Chiwaridzo, Sander Oorschot, Jermaine M Dambi, Gillian D Ferguson, Emmanuel Bonney, Tapfuma Mudawarima, Cathrine Tadyanemhandu, Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman
Background: This systematic review was conducted with the first objective aimed at providing an overview of the physiological characteristics commonly evaluated in rugby and the corresponding tests used to measure each construct. Secondly, the measurement properties of all identified tests per physiological construct were evaluated with the ultimate purpose of identifying tests with strongest level of evidence per construct. Methods: The review was conducted in two stages...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299316/anthropometric-multicompartmental-model-to-predict-body-composition-in-brazilian-girls
#16
Dalmo Machado, Analiza Silva, Luis Gobbo, Paula Elias, Francisco J A de Paula, Nilo Ramos
Background: Anthropometric models remain appropriate alternatives to estimate body composition of peripubertal populations. However, these traditional models do not consider other body components that undergo major changes during peripubertal growth spurt, with restrictions to a multicompartimental approach as a quantitative growth. DXA has great potential to determine pediatric body composition in more than one component (3-C), but has limited use in field settings. Thus, the aim of this study was to propose and validate an anthropometric model for simultaneous estimation of lean soft tissue (LST), bone mineral content (BMC) and fat mass (FM) in healthy girls, from a multivariate approach of densitometric technique, as the criterion method...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296281/validity-of-sports-watches-when-estimating-energy-expenditure-during-running
#17
Lilian Roos, Wolfgang Taube, Nadja Beeler, Thomas Wyss
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of three different sport watches in estimating energy expenditure during aerobic and anaerobic running. Methods: Twenty trained subjects ran at different intensities while wearing three commercial sport watches (Suunto Ambit2, Garmin Forerunner920XT, and Polar V800). Indirect calorimetry was used as the criterion measure for assessing energy expenditure. Different formulas were applied to compute energy expenditure from the gas exchange values for aerobic and anaerobic running...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238597/effects-of-nine-weeks-isokinetic-training-on-power-golf-kinematics-and-driver-performance-in-pre-elite-golfers
#18
James Parker, Charlie Lagerhem, John Hellström, M Charlotte Olsson
Background: It has previously been shown that isotonic strength training can improve driver performance among golfers, though few studies have investigated effects of strength training on swing kinematics together with driver performance. In this study we investigated whether isokinetic rotational training could improve driver performance and swing kinematic variables amongst elite golfers. Methods: Twenty competitive pre-elite golfers (handicap better than -3.0), 13 men and 7 women, were split into two groups, one group received the isokinetic power training (IK) alongside their normal isotonic pre-season strength-training and the other group continued with their normal isotonic pre-season strength-training regime (IT)...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238596/limb-symmetry-during-double-leg-squats-and-single-leg-squats-on-land-and-in-water-in-adults-with-long-standing-unilateral-anterior-knee-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Anna C Severin, Brendan J Burkett, Mark R McKean, Aaron N Wiegand, Mark G L Sayers
Background: The presence of pain during movement typically results in changes in technique. However, the physical properties of water, such as flotation, means that water-based exercise may not only reduce compensatory movement patterns but also allow pain sufferers to complete exercises that they are unable to perform on land. The purpose of this study was to assess bilateral kinematics during double-leg squats and single-leg squats on land and in water in individuals with unilateral anterior knee pain...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214025/are-we-missing-opportunities-physiotherapy-and-physical-activity-promotion-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Nicole Freene, Sophie Cools, Bernie Bissett
Background: Physical activity (PA) promotion in healthcare is an important strategy for increasing PA levels. Physiotherapists are well-positioned to promote PA, however no studies have investigated PA promotion by physiotherapists Australia-wide. Methods: An online survey of practicing Australian physiotherapists was conducted to investigate knowledge of the Australian Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour (PASB) guidelines and factors associated with increased promotion frequency...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
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