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Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360678/unaids-90-90-90-opportunity-in-every-difficulty
#1
José M Zuniga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30226090/response-rates-of-medical-providers-to-internet-surveys-regarding-their-adoption-of-preexposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-methodological-implications
#2
Thomas B Silverman, Eric W Schrimshaw, Julie Franks, Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Hugo Ortega, Wafaa M El-Sadr, Paul W Colson
In 2016 to 2017, we surveyed primary care providers (PCPs) in upper Manhattan and the South Bronx, New York, on their knowledge, attitudes, and practices surrounding preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV. Despite efforts to promote survey response, we were only able to obtain a meager response rate, limiting our ability to interpret results. In this short communication, we examine our survey's methodology, as well as the methods used by other similar studies, in order to suggest how certain strategies appear to influence PCP response to PrEP surveys...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30226085/hiv-related-knowledge-in-plhiv-issues-to-consider-in-the-indian-context-a-reply-to-banagi-yathiraj-et-al
#3
Saurav Basu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187814/trends-in-clinical-characteristics-and-short-term-outcome-of-hiv-infected-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#4
Suryanarayana Bettadpura Shamanna, Kiran Kumar Matta, Abdoul Hamide
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available on changing trends in HIV positive patients treated with first-line antiretroviral therapy from India. METHODS: The clinical characteristics and short-term outcome were compared between a retrospective group enrolled between January 2006 and March 2007 (06-07 group-100 patients) and a prospective group enrolled between February 2011 and March 2012 (10-12 group-85 patients). RESULTS: Median age was 36 and 38 years in 06-07 and 10-12 groups, respectively...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983088/thank-you-reviewers
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781378/art-attrition-across-health-facilities-implementing-option-b-in-haiti
#6
Martine Pamphile Myrtil, Nancy Puttkammer, Stephen Gloyd, Julia Robinson, Krista Yuhas, Jean Wysler Domercant, Jean Guy Honoré, Kesner Francois
BACKGROUND: Describing factors related to high attrition is important in order to improve the implementation of the Option B+ strategy in Haiti. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to describe the variability of antiretroviral therapy (ART) retention across health facilities among pregnant and lactating women and assess for differences in ART retention between Option B+ clients and other ART patients. RESULTS: There were 1989 Option B+ clients who initiated ART in 45 health facilities...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770721/drivers-of-patient-costs-in-accessing-hiv-aids-services-in-tanzania
#7
Thomas Mnzava, Eunice Mmari, Andres Berruti
BACKGROUND: Patient costs pose a challenge in accessing antiretroviral therapy for people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. The study aimed at identifying drivers for out-of-pocket (OOP) costs in Tanzania. METHODS: In 2009, 500 adult patients who attended 10 HIV clinics across 7 regions of Tanzania were asked about time and resources consumed to access HIV services. Bivariate and multivariate median regression models were used to determine the main drivers for OOP costs...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756551/religion-and-hiv-related-stigma-among-nurses-who-work-with-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-puerto-rico
#8
Marcos Reyes-Estrada, Nelson Varas-Díaz, Richard Parker, Mark Padilla, Sheilla Rodríguez-Madera
HIV-related stigma among nurses can impact health care services for people with HIV/AIDS (PWHA). health care professionals' religious views can potentially foster stigmatizing attitudes. There is scarce scientific literature exploring the role of religion on HIV/AIDS stigma among nurses. This study aimed to explore the role of religion in the stigmatization of PWHA by nurses in Puerto Rico. We conducted an exploratory study using qualitative techniques. We conducted 40 in-depth interviews with nurses who provided services to PWHA...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756550/chronic-disease-self-management-challenges-among-rural-women-living-with-hiv-aids-in-prakasam-andhra-pradesh-india-a-qualitative-study
#9
Benissa E Salem, Yvita Bustos, Chidyaonga Shalita, Jordan Kwon, Padma Ramakrishnan, Kartik Yadav, Maria L Ekstrand, Sanjeev Sinha, Adeline M Nyamathi
Rural women living with HIV/AIDS (WLHA) in India experience challenges self-managing HIV/AIDS in their rural communities. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore factors influencing their care and antiretroviral treatment (ART) adherence. Themes that emerged from the qualitative focus groups among WLHA (N = 24) in rural Prakasam, Andhra Pradesh, India, included: (1) coming to know about HIV and other health conditions, (2) experiences being on ART, (3) challenges maintaining a nutritious diet, (4) factors affecting health care access and quality, and (5) seeking support for a better future...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756549/family-functioning-in-adolescents-with-perinatal-hiv-infection
#10
Orawan Louthrenoo, Linda Aurpibul, Peninnah Oberdorfer, Virat Sirisanthana
This study aimed to assess family functioning in adolescents with perinatal HIV infection receiving antiretroviral therapy compared with healthy controls. Correlations between self-reported and caregiver-reported family functions were also evaluated. A sample of 195 participants including 65 perinatally HIV-infected adolescents and 130 healthy controls were enrolled. The total family functioning score in HIV-infected adolescents was significantly lower than that in healthy controls by self-report (105.86 vs 115...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745312/comparing-patient-demographics-and-tumor-characteristics-of-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-patients-with-cancer-in-south-carolina
#11
Benjamin D Hallowell, Kristina W Kintziger, Wayne A Duffus, John E Vena, Sara W Robb
We compared the demographic and disease characteristics of HIV-positive (HIV+) and HIV-negative (HIV-) individuals with a diagnosis of cancer in South Carolina. HIV-positive patients with cancer were reflective of the HIV+ caseload in South Carolina, with HIV+ patients with cancer more likely to be male (odds ratio [OR]: 2.78: 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.33-3.32), black (OR: 7.68; 95% CI: 6.52-9.06), and younger at cancer diagnosis (OR: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.91-0.92). Controlling for year of birth, HIV+ patients with cancer did not receive cancer diagnoses at a younger age than HIV- controls...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745311/systemic-delays-in-the-initiation-of-antiretroviral-therapy-for-clinically-eligible-hiv-infected-patients-in-houston-texas-the-providers-report-card
#12
Osaro Mgbere, Maria Rodriguez-Barradas, Karen Joan Vigil, Melanie McNeese, Fazal Tabassam, Nadia Barahmani, Jason Wang, Raouf Arafat, Ekere James Essien
BACKGROUND: The current US HIV treatment guidelines support initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for persons with HIV for personal health benefits and prevention of HIV transmission. However, high levels of adherence to ART are critical to maximize individual and public health benefits. We examined the nonclinical barriers to ART initiation for clinically eligible individuals and the provider- and patient-related factors associated with these barriers among HIV-infected patients in Houston/Harris County, Texas...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745310/use-of-living-strategies-among-adults-aging-with-hiv-in-canada-comparison-by-age-group-using-data-from-the-hiv-health-and-rehabilitation-survey
#13
Kelly Kathleen O'Brien, Matthieu Dagenais, Patricia Solomon, Catherine Worthington, Soo Chan Carusone, Francisco Ibáñez-Carrasco, Steven Hanna, Jacqueline Gahagan, Larry Baxter, Gregory Robinson, Patriic Gayle, Dawn James, Tammy Yates
OBJECTIVE: To examine the type and frequency of living strategies used by adults living with HIV. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional web-based survey that included 51 living strategies: maintaining sense of control, attitudes and beliefs, blocking HIV out of the mind, and social interaction. We examined the frequency of use and compared the proportion of respondents who engaged in strategies across 3 age-groups (<40 years, 40-49 years, and ≥50 years). RESULTS: Of the 935 participants, the majority were men (79%) and most (≥60%) engaged "most" or "all of the time" in healthy lifestyle strategies and maintained a positive outlook living with HIV...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667531/is-tobacco-use-associated-with-neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-individuals-with-hiv
#14
Billy Tsima, Sarah Jane Ratcliffe, Robert Schnoll, Ian Frank, Dennis Larry Kolson, Robert Gross
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders continues to rise despite the widespread use of antiretroviral therapy. We aimed to define the risk of neurocognitive dysfunction among smokers relative to nonsmokers. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study including HIV-infected adults ages 21 to 65 years. The Mental Alternation Test (MAT) was the primary outcome. The odds of cognitive impairment were compared using random-effects logistic regression to adjust for potential confounders...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562847/oral-provocation-testing-in-cutaneous-adverse-drug-reactions-to-antiretroviral-and-antitubercular-therapy-a-study-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#15
Sowmya Kaimal, Jithendriya Madhukara
AIM: To collect data pertaining to oral drug provocation testing (DPT) in hospitalized patients with antiretroviral (ARV)/antitubercular agent-induced rashes. METHODS: Patients with cutaneous adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to ARV/antitubercular drugs and who underwent oral DPT during a 5-year period were included in this study. RESULTS: Data were collected from the records of 21 patients. Of the 21, 19 had HIV infection. The most commonly implicated drug was nevirapine (NVP), followed by cotrimoxazole and antitubercular agents...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562846/the-effect-of-empowerment-and-educational-programs-on-the-quality-of-life-in-iranian-women-with-hiv
#16
Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Elham Rezaei, Bahareh Sharifi, Saharnaz Nejat, Sara Esmaelzadeh Saeieh, Maryam Ordibeheshti Khiaban
AIDS affects physical, mental, social, and psychological health status. One of the goals of Health for All in the 21st century is to improve the quality of life. This study is a randomized clinical trial conducted on 120 HIV-positive women. Women were administered assessment questionnaires to be completed during the structured interview. After sample collection, participants were divided randomly into 3 groups by using the table of random numbers, then, respectively, received educational intervention, empowerment program, and routine procedures offered by the center and were followed by refilling the questionnaires 12 weeks after intervention...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534655/high-prevalence-of-antibiotic-resistant-otitis-media-associated-bacterial-flora-of-asymptomatic-people-living-with-hiv-at-morogoro-hospital-tanzania
#17
Kennedy Daniel Mwambete, Mathias Eulambius
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine the prevalence of otitis media (OM)-associated bacterial flora of asymptomatic people living with HIV (PLH) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and assess antibiotic resistance profiles of the bacteria. METHODOLOGY: Ear secretion specimens were collected by syringe or cotton swabs. Isolated bacteria were subjected to antibiotic sensitivity tests. RESULTS: Of 290 recruited PLH, 81.7% were females and 18...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534654/factors-associated-with-outcomes-of-pre-art-hiv-care
#18
Kristen A Stafford, Lucy W Nganga, Tuhuma Tulli, Karen G Fleischman Foreit
The World Health Organization recommended removing all CD4 requirements for initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-limited settings. We examined the pre-ART period to identify and assess factors associated with outcomes of pre-ART care. Four modes of transition out of pre-ART care were considered. Beta estimates from the competing risks Cox models were used to investigate whether the effects of covariates differed by mode of transition. Median CD4 counts at entry showed no meaningful change over time...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534653/acute-trigeminal-neuralgia-associated-with-initiation-of-emtricitabine-tenofovir-for-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis
#19
Loraine Van Slyke, Mia Scott
HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with emtricitabine (FTC) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) fixed-dose combination (FTC/TDF) is undergoing rapid scale-up in the United States. While FTC/TDF is typically well tolerated, to our knowledge, cranial nerve pathology associated with FTC/TDF has not been previously described. We report the case of a 35-year-old patient who began FTC/TDF PrEP and developed acute trigeminal neuralgia. The neurologic symptoms resolved after treatment discontinuation and recurred upon rechallenge, resulting in permanent discontinuation of PrEP treatment...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534652/the-impact-of-absolute-cd4-count-and-percentage-discordance-on-pneumocystis-jirovecii-pneumonia-prophylaxis-in-hiv-infected-patients
#20
Henry Anyimadu, Chandra Pingili, Vel Sivapalan, Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Sharon Mannheimer
Current guidelines suggest that HIV-infected patients should receive chemoprophylaxis against Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) if they have a cluster determinant 4 (CD4) count <200 cells/mm3 or oropharyngeal candidiasis. Persons with CD4 percentage (CD4%) below 14% should also be considered for prophylaxis. Discordance between CD4 count and CD4% occurs in 16% to 25% of HIV-infected patients. Provider compliance with current PJP prophylaxis guidelines when such discordance is present was assessed. Electronic medical records of 429 HIV-infected individuals who had CD4 count and CD4% measured at our clinic were reviewed...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
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