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Journal of Integrative Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397096/anti-inflammatory-and-bronchodilatory-constituents-of-leaf-extracts-of-anacardium-occidentale-l-in-animal-models
#1
Oluwakemi Josephine Awakan, Sylvia Omonirume Malomo, Abdullahi Adeyinka Adejare, Adedoyin Igunnu, Olubunmi Atolani, Abiodun Humphrey Adebayo, Bamidele Victor Owoyele
OBJECTIVE: Anacardium occidentale L. leaf is useful in the treatment of inflammation and asthma, but the bioactive constituents responsible for these activities have not been characterized. Therefore, this study was aimed at identifying the bioactive constituent(s) of A. occidentale ethanolic leaf extract (AOEL) and its solvent-soluble portions, and evaluating their effects on histamine-induced paw edema and bronchoconstriction. METHODS: The bronchodilatory effect was determined by measuring the percentage protection provided by plant extracts in the histamine-induced bronchoconstriction model in guinea pigs...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397095/research-methods-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-an-integrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Fabiana de Almeida Andrade, Caio Fabio Schlechta Portella
The scientific literature presents a modest amount of evidence in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). On the other hand, in practice, relevant results are common. The debates among CAM practitioners about the quality and execution of scientific research are important. Therefore, the aim of this review is to gather, synthesize and describe the differentiated methodological models that encompass the complexity of therapeutic interventions. The process of bringing evidence-based medicine into clinical practice in CAM is essential for the growth and strengthening of complementary medicines worldwide...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397094/cytotoxic-activity-of-the-chemical-constituents-of-clerodendrum-indicum-and-clerodendrum-villosum-roots
#3
Pathom Somwong, Rutt Suttisri
OBJECTIVE: The roots of two Thai medicinal plants, Clerodendrum indicum and Clerodendrum villosum are found in traditional medicine practices. The aim of this research was to preliminarily study the cytotoxicity of extracts of their roots, and the parts that possessed cytotoxic activity were separated on a chromatograph to identify their active compounds. METHODS: The extracts of both plants were screened for cytotoxicity on the SW620 cell line and the compounds isolated from the active extracts were further evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against five human cancer cell lines, including SW620, ChaGo-K-1, HepG2, KATO-III and BT-474 using the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397093/effects-of-aqueous-leaf-extract-of-tridax-procumbens-on-contractile-activity-of-corpus-cavernosum-in-n-nitro-l-arginine-methyl-ester-induced-hypertensive-male-rats
#4
Shakiru Ademola Salami, Hussein Mofomosara Salahdeen, Evangelshane Chukwudubem Ugbebor, Babatunde Adekunle Murtala, Yinusa Raji
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of aqueous leaf extract of Tridax procumbens (ALETP) on contractile activity of corpus cavernosum in N-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME)-induced hypertensive male rats. METHODS: Twenty normal, adult male rats (130-150 g) were divided into four groups of five rats each. Group I (control) was given normal saline (0.6 mL/kg) and group II was given l-NAME (40 mg/kg) for 6 weeks. Groups III and IV also received l-NAME (40 mg/kg) for 6 weeks but were further co-treated with 100 and 200 mg/kg of ALETP, respectively, from week 4 to week 6...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397092/rhus-coriaria-l-increases-serum-apolipoprotein-a1-and-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-levels-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Zahra Hajmohammadi, Mojtaba Heydari, Majid Nimrouzi, Pouya Faridi, Mohammad Javad Zibaeenezhad, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Mesbah Shams
BACKGROUND: Lipid-lowering effect of Rhus coriaria L. (Rhus) has been investigated in multiple animal studies with promising results. Nonetheless, its clinical efficacy has not been adequately examined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the lipid-lowering effects of Rhus among patients with hyperlipidemia. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: The study was designed as a two-arm, double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial, using a parallel design...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397091/efficacy-and-safety-of-herbal-steam-bath-in-allergic-rhinitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Parunkul Tungsukruthai, Preecha Nootim, Wiwan Worakunphanich, Nareerat Tabtong
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is a nasal mucosa inflammatory disorder that is induced by exposure to an allergen which results in four major symptoms, including anterior or posterior rhinorrhea, sneezing, nasal itching and nasal congestion. Allergic rhinitis may result in sleep disturbance, fatigue, depression of mood-cognitive function and quality of life impairment. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the efficacy and safety of herbal steam bath used for the reduction of allergic rhinitis symptoms, and evaluated treatment satisfaction and improvements in quality of life among participating patients with allergic rhinitis...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397090/determination-of-symptoms-associated-with-hiesho-among-young-females-using-hie-rating-surveys
#7
Hidetoshi Mori, Hiroshi Kuge, Shunji Sakaguchi, Tim Hideaki Tanaka, Junji Miyazaki
OBJECTIVE: Hie (cold sensation) is one of the most well-known health complaints in Japan and elsewhere in East Asia. Those who suffer from severe hie are considered to have hiesho (cold disorder). This study was conducted to determine symptoms associated with hie in young females using a survey consisting of the hie scale and hie diary. METHODS: Two hundred and seventy-one participants were included for the analysis. Survey forms were distributed to the participants...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397089/brain-functional-connectivity-network-studies-of-acupuncture-a-systematic-review-on-resting-state-fmri
#8
REVIEW
Rong-Lin Cai, Guo-Ming Shen, Hao Wang, Yuan-Yuan Guan
BACKGROUND: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a novel method for studying the changes of brain networks due to acupuncture treatment. In recent years, more and more studies have focused on the brain functional connectivity network of acupuncture stimulation. OBJECTIVE: To offer an overview of the different influences of acupuncture on the brain functional connectivity network from studies using resting-state fMRI. SEARCH STRATEGY: The authors performed a systematic search according to PRISMA guidelines...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397088/management-of-acute-cough-by-zataria-multiflora-boiss-as-an-alternative-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Mohaddese Mahboubi
Cough, as a defensive reflux mechanism, removes foreign objects and secretions from bronchi and bronchioles of airways. Zataria multiflora is a popular plant for treatment of cough in Iranian traditional medicine. The aim of this review was to evaluate the potency of Z. multiflora as an alternative treatment in management of acute cough and its possible mechanisms of action. Here the authors compiled information about Z. multiflora in the treatment of cough from all accessible resources and books. The results of this investigation showed that there were five clinical studies that evaluated the efficacy of Z...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397087/the-benefits-of-yoga-in-children
#10
REVIEW
Chandra Nanthakumar
The number of children suffering from stress and anxiety in Malaysia is on the rise. Evidence shows that mind-body therapies such as mindfulness therapy, meditation and yoga have been practiced in many other countries to reduce and/or manage the psychological effects of stress and anxiety. This review article looks at the intervention of yoga as a meditative movement practice in helping school children manage stress and anxiety. Articles were retrieved using a combination of databases including PubMed/MEDLINE, and PsycINFO...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397086/distribution-of-licensed-acupuncturists-and-educational-institutions-in-the-united-states-in-early-2015
#11
Arthur Yin Fan, Sarah Faggert
In recent decades, acupuncture has been used more widely and extensively in the United States (U.S.). However, there have been no national surveys or analyses reported in academic journals on the number of practicing or licensed acupuncturists. This study was conducted to identify the approximate number of licensed acupuncturists active in 2015. The Board of Acupuncture or Board of Medicine in each state or U.S. territory was contacted to collect data. Online license information searching was also performed in order to get accurate numbers of licensed acupuncturists for those states in which a board was unable to be contacted...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103419/marker-based-standardization-and-investigation-of-nutraceutical-potential-of-indian-propolis
#12
Nanaware Sadhana, Sathiyanarayanan Lohidasan, Kakasaheb Ramoo Mahadik
OBJECTIVE: Propolis, a resinous material collected by honey bees from various plants, has been explored globally for its medicinal and nutritional properties. However, research over Indian propolis is at infancy. This study was designed to investigate nutraceutical potential of Indian propolis. METHODS: In the present study, propolis extract was standardized with respect to markers caffeic acid phenethyl ester, caffeic acid, galangin, luteolin, curcumin, apigenin, pinocembrin and quercetin by new high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) methods...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103418/hypolipidemic-activity-of-tamarix-articulata-vahl-in-diabetic-rats
#13
Morad Hebi, Mohamed Eddouks
OBJECTIVE: Tamarix articulata Vahl. (Tamaricaceae) is a medicinal plant commonly used in Morocco for the treatment of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the hypolipidemic activity of aqueous extract of T. articulata in normal and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Phytochemical analysis as well as determination of polyphenol and flavonoid contents in the aqueous extract of T. articulata was performed. METHODS: The effects of oral administration of aqueous extract of T...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103417/traditional-chinese-medicine-integrated-with-chemotherapy-for-stage-iv-non-surgical-gastric-cancer-a-retrospective-clinical-analysis
#14
Xuan Liu, Li-Juan Xiu, Jian-Peng Jiao, Jing Zhao, Ying Zhao, Ye Lu, Jun Shi, Yong-Jin Li, Min Ye, Yu-Fang Gu, Xiao-Wei Wang, Jing-Yu Xu, Ci-An Zhang, Yong-Ying Liu, Yun Luo, Xiao-Qiang Yue
OBJECTIVE: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is regarded as an important treatment for gastric cancer patients, especially for those in advanced stage. To evaluate the effects of TCM treatment on gastric cancer patients, the authors performed a retrospective study to report the result of the integrated treatment of TCM with chemotherapy for stage IV non-surgical gastric cancer. METHODS: In this study, 182 patients with stage IV and non-surgical gastric cancer were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate the effects of TCM integrated with chemotherapy...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103416/inhibitory-effect-of-phlai-capsules-on-skin-test-responses-among-allergic-rhinitis-patients-a-randomized-three-way-crossover-study
#15
Pattara Tanticharoenwiwat, Prapasri Kulalert, Thaweephol Dechatiwongse Na Ayudhya, Sittichai Koontongkaew, Weena Jiratchariyakul, Ruedee Soawakontha, Prakongsiri Booncong, Orapan Poachanukoon
BACKGROUND: Zingiber cassumunar Roxb., commonly known as Phlai in Thai, has been used as a traditional medicine in Thailand for the treatment of various diseases, including inflammation and chronic airway disease. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the antihistaminic effect of Phlai on skin testing. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION: This was a randomized, open-label, three-way crossover study. Twenty allergic rhinitis (AR) patients were enrolled...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103415/effectiveness-of-breathing-exercises-during-the-second-stage-of-labor-on-labor-pain-and-duration-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Hilal Yuksel, Yasemin Cayir, Zahide Kosan, Kenan Tastan
BACKGROUND: Some research exists on the effect of non-pharmacological approaches for labor pain relief. However, there is limited information about effectiveness of breathing exercises in pregnant women to reduce maternal pain during labor. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether breathing exercises for pregnant women during the second stage of labor have beneficial effects on maternal pain, duration of labor, and the first-minute Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity and Respiration (APGAR) scores...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103414/using-music-to-reduce-anxiety-among-older-adults-in-the-emergency-department-a-randomized-pilot-study
#17
Laura Belland, Laura Rivera-Reyes, Ula Hwang
BACKGROUND: An emergency department (ED) visit may be distressing and anxiety-provoking for older adults (age > 65 years). No studies have specifically evaluated the effect of music listening on anxiety in older adults in the ED. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the effect of music listening on anxiety levels in older ED patients. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: This was a randomized pilot study in the geriatric ED of an urban academic tertiary medical center...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103413/incorporation-of-integrative-medicine-education-into-undergraduate-medical-education-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Saswati Mahapatra, Anjali Bhagra, Bisrat Fekadu, Zhuo Li, Brent A Bauer, Dietlind L Wahner-Roedler
OBJECTIVE: Integrative medicine (IM) combines complementary medical approaches into conventional medicine and considers the whole person. We implemented a longitudinal IM short-course curriculum into our medical school education. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of the curriculum via knowledge and attitude surveys regarding IM among students. METHODS: A mandatory short IM curriculum across all years of medical school was created and taught by IM professionals and physician faculty members with expertise in integrative therapies...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103412/effects-of-herbal-extracts-and-compounds-and-pharmacological-agents-on-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-animal-models-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Hoda Mojiri-Forushani, Ali Asghar Hemmati, Mohammad Amin Dehghani, Ali Reza Malayeri, Hossein Hassan Pour
Pulmonary fibrosis, a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs mainly in older adults, is a serious health threat with few effective treatment options. The etiological aspects of pulmonary fibrosis remain unknown, though some factors such as cigarette smoking, viral infections, surfactant protein polymorphisms, and chronic or high doses use of certain drugs are considered to be risk factors for the progression of pulmonary fibrosis. No standard treatments have been introduced in clinic yet. Although glucocorticoids and antioxidant drugs have been administered, the severe and broad-spectrum adverse effects of glucocorticoids limit their use...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103411/prospects-of-a-comprehensive-evaluation-system-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-services
#20
REVIEW
Wen-Jie Xu, Ling-Tai Wang, Zhi-Ping Zhao, Li-Ming Zhu, Liang-Hua Zu, Qi Zhang, Dan-Bo Dou
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a unique health resource in China and one of the main representative traditional medicines globally. TCM has formed a new way of looking at medical practices, health care, scientific research, education, industry and culture. It focuses on promoting and safeguarding the health of people, with an increasing contribution to economic and social development. Establishing a comprehensive evaluation system in accordance with the characteristics of TCM services could promote the scientific merit and the standardization of services management...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
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