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Journal of Integrative Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625852/double-blind-evaluation-of-homeopathy-on-cocaine-craving-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#1
Ubiratan Cardinalli Adler, Ana Carolina Acorinte, Fernando Oliveira Calzavara, Adriano André da Silva, Amarilys de Toledo Cesar, Maristela Schiabel Adler, Edson Zangiacomi Martinez, José Carlos Fernandes Galduróz
BACKGROUND: Brazil is among the nations with the greatest rates of annual cocaine usage. Pharmacological treatment of cocaine addiction is still limited, opening space for nonconventional interventions. Homeopathic Q-potencies of opium and Erythroxylum coca have been tested in the integrative treatment of cocaine craving among homeless addicts, but this setting had not proven feasible, due to insufficient recruitment. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the effectiveness and tolerability of homeopathic Q-potencies of opium and E...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631911/phytochemical-characterization-of-polyphenolic-compounds-with-hplc-dad-esi-ms-and-evaluation-of-lipid-lowering-capacity-of-aqueous-extracts-from-saharan-plant-anabasis-aretioides-coss-moq-in-normal-and-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#2
Omar Farid, Farid Khallouki, Morad Akdad, Andrea Breuer, Robert Wyn Owen, Mohamed Eddouks
OBJECTIVE: Anabasis aretioides (Coss & Moq.), a Saharan plant belonging to Chenopodiaceae family, is widely distributed in semi-desert areas from the Tafilalet region of Morocco. This plant is extensively used by local population against diabetes and cardiovascular disorders. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of the aqueous A. aretioides extract on lipid metabolism in normal and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and to identify the polyphenolic compounds present...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598986/rhythmical-massage-improves-autonomic-nervous-system-function-a-single-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Georg Seifert, Jenny-Lena Kanitz, Carolina Rihs, Ingrid Krause, Katharina Witt, Andreas Voss
BACKGROUND: Rhythmical massage therapy (RMT) is a massage technique used in anthroposophic medicine. OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to investigate the physiological action of RMT on the cardiovascular system by analysing heart rate variability (HRV). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION: This study was a randomised, controlled and single-blinded trial, involving 44 healthy women (mean age: (26.20 ± 4.71) years). The subjects were randomised to one of three arms: RMT with aromatic oil (RA), RMT without aromatic oil (RM) or standardised sham massage (SM)...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559215/casticin-from-vitex-species-a-short-review-on-its-anticancer-and-anti-inflammatory-properties
#4
REVIEW
Eric Wei Chiang Chan, Siu Kuin Wong, Hung Tuck Chan
This short review provides an update of the anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties of casticin from Vitex species. Casticin is a polymethylflavone with three rings, an orthocatechol moiety, a double bond, two hydroxyl groups and four methoxyl groups. Casticin has been isolated from various tissues of plants in the Vitex genus: fruits and leaves of V. trifolia; aerial parts and seeds of V. agnus-castus and leaves of V. negundo. Studies have reported the antiproliferative and apoptotic activities of casticin from Vitex species...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526243/an-integrative-tai-chi-program-for-patients-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-cancer-therapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-study
#5
Lizhou Liu, Simone Petrich, Blair McLaren, Lyndell Kelly, G David Baxter
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer patients experience various side effects during cancer therapy, often resulting in reduced quality of life and poor adherence to treatment. A limited range of proven interventions has been developed to target such side effects. While Tai Chi offers benefits for the health and well-being of breast cancer survivors, the effectiveness of Tai Chi across the treatment continuum has not been evaluated. Improved patient education and support has been suggested as a priority for breast cancer care...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526242/traditional-and-modern-aspects-of-hemorrhoid-treatment-in-iran-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Sahar Dehdari, Homa Hajimehdipoor, Somayeh Esmaeili, Rasool Choopani, Seyed Alireza Mortazavi
Hemorrhoidal disease is a prevalent anorectal condition which is generally not managed well with current pharmacologic interventions. However, in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) there are numerous plants with hemorrhoid-healing properties. The present research assembled plants with hemorrhoid-healing properties in ITM; their related pharmacological effects, phytochemical constituents and mechanisms of action in the modern medicine were also gathered. For this purpose, leading ITM textbooks were searched for plants with hemorrhoid-healing effects...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526241/occupational-hand-injuries-a-current-review-of-the-prevalence-and-proposed-prevention-strategies-for-physical-therapists-and-similar-healthcare-professionals
#7
REVIEW
Giles Gyer, Jimmy Michael, James Inklebarger
Hand injury is the second most common work-related musculoskeletal injury among physical therapists (PTs) and other manual therapy professionals such as osteopaths, physiotherapists, chiropractors, acupuncturists and massage therapists. However, the nature and extent of this problem have not been fully explored yet. Therefore, the objective of this study was to review the existing literature published on the prevalence, risk factors, consequences, and prevention of hand injuries among PTs and similar healthcare professionals...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526240/the-medieval-persian-manuscript-of-afyunieh-the-first-individual-treatise-on-the-opium-and-addiction-in-history
#8
REVIEW
Abdolali Moosavyzadeh, Farzaneh Ghaffari, Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat, Arman Zargaran, Azarakhsh Mokri, Soghrat Faghihzadeh, Mohsen Naseri
According to historical evidence, the abuse of opium has been reported all over the globe-specifically throughout Eastern nations-since the sixteenth century. Before that, opium had mostly been applied as medication. Reference has been made in traditional Persian medical literature to the method of cultivation, properties, side effects and toxicity. In sixteenth century Iran, during the reign of the Safavids, opium abuse began. It was from then that prominent Persian scholars started to think of solutions to this societal problem...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526239/arnica-montana-experimental-studies-confounders-and-biases
#9
Paolo Bellavite, Marta Marzotto, Clara Bonafini
Arnica montana is a popular traditional remedy widely used in complementary and alternative medicine, in part for its wound-healing properties. The authors recently showed that this plant extract and several of its homeopathic dilutions are able to modify the expression of a series of genes involved in inflammation and connective tissue regeneration. Their studies opened a debate, including criticisms to the "errors" in the methods used and the "confounders and biases". Here the authors show that the criticisms raised on methodology and statistics are not consistent and cannot be considered pertinent...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526238/integrative-medicine-is-an-evolving-field-and-the-future-of-healthcare-a-summary-of-the-2017-integrative-medicine-shanghai-forum
#10
Huang Nian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526237/medicinal-properties-of-ocotea-bullata-stem-bark-extracts-phytochemical-constituents-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-activity-cytotoxicity-and-inhibition-of-carbohydrate-metabolizing-enzymes
#11
Akintayo Lanre Ogundajo, Lateef Apollo Adeniran, Anofi Omotayo Ashafa
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the phytochemical constituents, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, cytotoxicity, and inhibitory activity against carbohydrate metabolism of extracts from Ocotea bullata stem bark. METHODS: Hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol and water were used to extract the air-dried sample. The phytochemical investigation and antioxidant assays were carried out on the extracts using standard procedures. The antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory potentials were evaluated using α-amylase, α-glucosidase and 5-lipoxygenase enzymes respectively...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526236/efficacy-and-safety-of-amla-phyllanthus-emblica-l-in-non-erosive-reflux-disease-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Shahnaz Karkon Varnosfaderani, Fataneh Hashem-Dabaghian, Gholamreza Amin, Mahbubeh Bozorgi, Ghazaleh Heydarirad, Esmaeil Nazem, Mohsen Nasiri Toosi, Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common gastrointestinal complaints. GERD, caused by the reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus, leads to troublesome symptoms such as heartburn and regurgitation. It is classified into two types: erosive esophagitis, characterized by visible esophageal mucosa erosion in endoscopy, and non-erosive reflux disease (NERD). GERD is a chronic and recurrent disease that impairs the quality of life and imposes socioeconomic and therapeutic burdens to both patients and society...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526235/effects-of-aromatherapy-with-rosa-damascena-on-nulliparous-women-s-pain-and-anxiety-of-labor-during-first-stage-of-labor
#13
Sepideh Hamdamian, Soheila Nazarpour, Masoumeh Simbar, Sepideh Hajian, Faraz Mojab, Atefeh Talebi
BACKGROUND: Reducing labor pain and anxiety is one of the most important goals of maternity care. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effects of aromatherapy with Rosa damascena on pain and anxiety in the first stage of labor among nulliparous women. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: This was a randomized clinical trial of 110 nulliparous women. The eligible participants were randomly assigned to two groups of aromatherapy and control in an Iranian maternity hospital...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526234/awareness-practice-and-views-about-integrating-ayush-in-allopathic-curriculum-of-allopathic-doctors-and-interns-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-new-delhi-india
#14
Shubha Singhal, Vandana Roy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge, attitude, perception and practice of Ayurveda, yoga, Unani, Siddha, homeopathy and naturopathy (AYUSH) among allopathic doctors and interns and determine their opinion regarding integration of AYUSH education within the allopathic curriculum. METHODS: This prospective, cross sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching Hospital, New Delhi, India, from March 2016 to March 2017. A survey of 500 allopathic doctors and 150 interns was performed using a structured questionnaire...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526233/effects-of-laying-on-of-hands-with-and-without-a-spiritual-context-on-pain-and-functionality-of-older-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Katy Andrade Monteiro Zacaron, Nélia da Silva Mendes, Yuri Cotta E Silva, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: Laying on of hands (LooH) is a culturally-accepted therapy in several traditions. In Brazil, "Spiritism" (third-largest religious tradition in number of followers) uses LooH with the name of "Spiritist Passe" (SP). However, there are few studies assessing SP's role in medical outcomes. The present study aims to investigate the effects of LooH, with and without a spiritual context, on pain, joint stiffness, and functional capacity of older women (≥60 years old) with knee osteoarthritis (KOA)...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397096/anti-inflammatory-and-bronchodilatory-constituents-of-leaf-extracts-of-anacardium-occidentale-l-in-animal-models
#16
Oluwakemi Josephine Awakan, Sylvia Omonirume Malomo, Abdullahi Adeyinka Adejare, Adedoyin Igunnu, Olubunmi Atolani, Abiodun Humphrey Adebayo, Bamidele Victor Owoyele
OBJECTIVE: Anacardium occidentale L. leaf is useful in the treatment of inflammation and asthma, but the bioactive constituents responsible for these activities have not been characterized. Therefore, this study was aimed at identifying the bioactive constituent(s) of A. occidentale ethanolic leaf extract (AOEL) and its solvent-soluble portions, and evaluating their effects on histamine-induced paw edema and bronchoconstriction. METHODS: The bronchodilatory effect was determined by measuring the percentage protection provided by plant extracts in the histamine-induced bronchoconstriction model in guinea pigs...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397095/research-methods-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-an-integrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Fabiana de Almeida Andrade, Caio Fabio Schlechta Portella
The scientific literature presents a modest amount of evidence in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). On the other hand, in practice, relevant results are common. The debates among CAM practitioners about the quality and execution of scientific research are important. Therefore, the aim of this review is to gather, synthesize and describe the differentiated methodological models that encompass the complexity of therapeutic interventions. The process of bringing evidence-based medicine into clinical practice in CAM is essential for the growth and strengthening of complementary medicines worldwide...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397094/cytotoxic-activity-of-the-chemical-constituents-of-clerodendrum-indicum-and-clerodendrum-villosum-roots
#18
Pathom Somwong, Rutt Suttisri
OBJECTIVE: The roots of two Thai medicinal plants, Clerodendrum indicum and Clerodendrum villosum are found in traditional medicine practices. The aim of this research was to preliminarily study the cytotoxicity of extracts of their roots, and the parts that possessed cytotoxic activity were separated on a chromatograph to identify their active compounds. METHODS: The extracts of both plants were screened for cytotoxicity on the SW620 cell line and the compounds isolated from the active extracts were further evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against five human cancer cell lines, including SW620, ChaGo-K-1, HepG2, KATO-III and BT-474 using the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397093/effects-of-aqueous-leaf-extract-of-tridax-procumbens-on-contractile-activity-of-corpus-cavernosum-in-n-nitro-l-arginine-methyl-ester-induced-hypertensive-male-rats
#19
Shakiru Ademola Salami, Hussein Mofomosara Salahdeen, Evangelshane Chukwudubem Ugbebor, Babatunde Adekunle Murtala, Yinusa Raji
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of aqueous leaf extract of Tridax procumbens (ALETP) on contractile activity of corpus cavernosum in N-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME)-induced hypertensive male rats. METHODS: Twenty normal, adult male rats (130-150 g) were divided into four groups of five rats each. Group I (control) was given normal saline (0.6 mL/kg) and group II was given l-NAME (40 mg/kg) for 6 weeks. Groups III and IV also received l-NAME (40 mg/kg) for 6 weeks but were further co-treated with 100 and 200 mg/kg of ALETP, respectively, from week 4 to week 6...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397092/rhus-coriaria-l-increases-serum-apolipoprotein-a1-and-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-levels-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Zahra Hajmohammadi, Mojtaba Heydari, Majid Nimrouzi, Pouya Faridi, Mohammad Javad Zibaeenezhad, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Mesbah Shams
BACKGROUND: Lipid-lowering effect of Rhus coriaria L. (Rhus) has been investigated in multiple animal studies with promising results. Nonetheless, its clinical efficacy has not been adequately examined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the lipid-lowering effects of Rhus among patients with hyperlipidemia. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: The study was designed as a two-arm, double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial, using a parallel design...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
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