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Faruk Ozgor, Murat Sahan, Alkan Cubuk, Mazhar Ortac, Ali Ayranci, Omer Sarilar
In the present study, we aimed to clarify predictive factors that may cause postoperative infectious complications after flexible ureterorenoscopy (f-URS). In a 4-year prospective study, charts of patients who underwent f-URS between January 2014 and January 2018 for renal stone(s) in a tertiary academic center were reviewed. A standardized f-URS procedure was performed for all patients. Post-operative infectious complications including fever, sepsis and septic shock were categorized into same group. Patients with and without infectious complications were compared in the terms of preoperative, operative and post operative characteristics...
November 17, 2018: Urolithiasis
Giuseppe Vezzoli, Lorenza Macrina, Giulia Magni, Teresa Arcidiacono
Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a plasma-membrane G protein-coupled receptor activated by extracellular calcium and expressed in kidney tubular cells. It inhibits calcium reabsorption in the ascending limb and distal convoluted tubule when stimulated by the increase of serum calcium levels; therefore, these tubular segments are enabled by CaSR to play a substantial role in the regulation of serum calcium levels. In addition, CaSR increases water and proton excretion in the collecting duct and promotes phosphate reabsorption and citrate excretion in the proximal tubule...
November 16, 2018: Urolithiasis
Mirco Dindo, Carolina Conter, Elisa Oppici, Veronica Ceccarelli, Lorella Marinucci, Barbara Cellini
Primary hyperoxalurias (PHs) are rare inherited disorders of liver glyoxylate metabolism, characterized by the abnormal production of endogenous oxalate, a metabolic end-product that is eliminated by urine. The main symptoms are related to the precipitation of calcium oxalate crystals in the urinary tract with progressive renal damage and, in the most severe form named Primary Hyperoxaluria Type I (PH1), to systemic oxalosis. The therapies currently available for PH are either poorly effective, because they address the symptoms and not the causes of the disease, or highly invasive...
November 14, 2018: Urolithiasis
M Bargagli, G Primiano, A Primiano, J Gervasoni, A Naticchia, S Servidei, G Gambaro, P M Ferraro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2018: Urolithiasis
A Rodgers, A Trinchieri, M H Ather, N Buchholz
The field of urolithiasis has undergone many rapid changes in the last 3 decades. In this article, three eminent experts in various fields of urolithiasis research describe their respective visions for the future in stone research, stone treatment and surgical training. Many stone researchers have seen and regretted that there has not been a real breakthrough for decades now. Exceptions are the application of citrate prophylaxis and the abandonment of calcium-avoiding diet in stone formers. Certain areas of stone research have been exhausted and the body of literature available should suffice as background knowledge in those...
October 29, 2018: Urolithiasis
Ahmed Suliman, Tariq Burki, Massimo Garriboli, Jonathan Glass, Arash Taghizadeh
Development of surgical expertise and technology has affected the way renal tract stones are treated. Our hypothesis was that flexible ureteroscopy (FURS) for upper tract stones in children produces good results. Our outcomes were reviewed. A retrospective case note review was performed for children with upper tract calculi who were treated by FURS. There were 56 stone episodes in 36 patients. Median age was 10.6 years. Stones were 3-23 mm (median 8 mm); 64.3% had multiple calculi. Median follow-up was for 17...
October 28, 2018: Urolithiasis
Max Drescher, Robert H Blackwell, Parth M Patel, Paul C Kuo, Thomas M T Turk, Kristin G Baldea
Antepartum nephrolithiasis presents a complex clinical scenario which often requires an intervention such as ureteral stent or percutaneous nephrostomy tube (PCNT) placement, especially in the setting of urinary tract infection (UTI). We assess the risk of UTI and preterm labor in the setting of antepartum nephrolithiasis. A retrospective review of an administrative dataset for California and Florida was performed, which included pregnant women admitted for a delivery between 2008 and 2011. Antepartum nephrolithiasis admissions were identified, as were urological intervention (ureteral stent/ureteroscopy) or PCNT placement...
October 27, 2018: Urolithiasis
Ekrem Islamoglu, Selim Tas, Kaan Karamik, Soner Yalcinkaya, Husnu Tokgoz, Murat Savas
The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of the menstrual cycle and menopause on extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)-related pain outcome. Since March 2017, we evaluated a total of 145 women who underwent the first session of ESWL for renal or ureteral stones. Patients were divided into two groups, as menstruating and menopaused women. For menstruating women, the number of days between the last day of mens and ESWL was noted and women were separated as in the follicular phase (1-14 days) or in the luteal phase (15-30 days) of menstruation...
October 25, 2018: Urolithiasis
Joseph M Kuebker, Jennifer Robles, Jordan J Kramer, Nicole L Miller, S Duke Herrell, Ryan S Hsi
Patients presenting acutely with obstructing stones often have a ureteral stent placed as a temporizing solution. Ureteroscopy is then commonly performed in a staged fashion, but occasionally the stone is found to have passed. We aimed to identify the frequency and predictors of ureteral stone passage with a stent in place. Records were reviewed to identify patients who had a stent placed for a single ureteral stone. Subsequent ureteroscopy or CT scan was used to ascertain stone passage. Effect of age, gender, BMI, stone diameter, alpha blocker use, urinary tract infection, hydronephrosis, and stent duration on stone passage was assessed...
October 22, 2018: Urolithiasis
Augustus Cesar Pinto de Freitas, Leuridan Cavalcante Torres, Maria do Carmo Menezes Bezerra Duarte, Marina Cadena da Matta, Dulce Elena Casarini, Nestor Schor
Nephrolithiasis is considered a systemic disease. A link has been established between nephrolithiasis, cardiovascular disease (CVD), the metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis. A significant correlation has been found between the high levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and CVD and atherosclerosis, including coronary and femoral artery disease. To the best of our knowledge, oxLDL has not been evaluated in patients with nephrolithiasis. This study aimed to evaluate serum levels of oxLDL, anti-oxLDL antibodies (oxLDL-ab) and other markers of atherosclerosis in patients with nephrolithiasis, according to the severity of the disease...
October 9, 2018: Urolithiasis
W Kram, H Rebl, R Wyrwa, T Laube, A Zimpfer, M Maruschke, M Frank, B Vollmar, G Kundt, M Schnabelrauch, B Nebe, N Buchholz, O W Hakenberg
Ureteric stents have become an indispensable tool in the armamentarium of every urologist. However, they carry their own morbidity resulting mostly from infectious or abacterial fouling and biofilm formation, and/or urothelial hyperplastic reaction. All of these may interact and lead to clinical complications. Many different stent designs and coatings have been proposed. In this study, we focused on the effect of paclitaxel-coated stents on hyperplastic proliferation of ureteral tissue, using as example anastomotic strictures after ureteroureterostomy in a rat model...
September 26, 2018: Urolithiasis
Nuno de Sousa Morais, José P Pereira, Paulo Mota, Emanuel Carvalho-Dias, João N Torres, Estêvão Lima
Ureteral calculi can be associated with urinary drainage blockage, requiring urinary diversion with percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) or retrograde ureteral stent (RUS). Currently no evidence exists to support the superiority of one method over the other. This study proposes to compare both approaches regarding the probability of spontaneous stone passage (SSP) and its effect on patient's quality of life (QoL). A prospective trial was carried out from July to October of 2017. 50 patients were selected with hydronephrosis secondary to ureteral stones requiring urgent urinary diversion and divided into two groups according to diversion technique: percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) or retrograde ureteral stent (RUS)...
September 15, 2018: Urolithiasis
Allison L O'Kell, Archana C Lovett, Benjamin K Canales, Laurie B Gower, Saeed R Khan
Idiopathic stone formers often form calcium oxalate (CaOx) stones that are attached to calcium phosphate (CaP) deposits in the renal tissue, known as Randall's plaques (RP). Plaques are suggested to originate in the renal tubular basement membrane and spread into the interstitial regions where collagen fibrils and vesicles become mineralized; if the epithelium is breached, the RP becomes overgrown with CaOx upon exposure to urine. We have developed a two-stage model system of CaP-CaOx composite stones, consisting of Stage (1) CaP mineralized plaque, followed by Stage (2) CaOx overgrowth into a stone...
September 14, 2018: Urolithiasis
Daniel J Lama, Shoaib Safiullah, Albert Yang, Zhamshid Okhunov, Jaime Landman, Ralph V Clayman
The concept of adipose tissue as an organ unto itself represents a new medical construct; already differences in the volume of perirenal fat around a tumor-bearing kidney have been described. We hypothesized that renal calculi may have similar impact on perirenal fat or alternatively abnormalities in urinary metabolites may be the result of perirenal fat affecting renal metabolism and subsequent stone formation. Accordingly, we conducted a study utilizing three-dimensional imaging software to evaluate perirenal fat volume (PFV) in patients with nephrolithiasis...
November 2018: Urolithiasis
Ching-Chia Li, Tsu-Ming Chien, Wen-Jeng Wu, Chun-Nung Huang, Yii-Her Chou
The aim of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics of uric acid stones and their potential risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD). A total of 401 patients (196 with uric acid stone and 205 without) were enrolled from our database of patients with urolithiasis. We analyzed the clinical demographic features, stone location, urine chemistries, and renal function. There was a significant difference (p < 0.001) between the two groups in terms of age, with the higher mean age in the uric acid group...
November 2018: Urolithiasis
Ibrahim Halil Bozkurt, Ertugrul Sefik, Ismail Basmaci, Serkan Yarimoglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Urolithiasis
Qing Wang, Weijie Hu, Yuchao Lu, Henglong Hu, Jiaqiao Zhang, Shaogang Wang
To study the impact of body mass index (BMI) on quantitative 24-h urine chemistries in stone forming patients and to explore how overweight and obesity contribute to urolithiasis. A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science was performed in July 2017 and updated in October 2017 to detect relevant studies. After that, we screened all the relevant articles in accordance with the predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data of eligible studies were extracted, and then, a meta-analysis was conducted via RevMan 5...
November 2018: Urolithiasis
Masayuki Usami, Atsushi Okada, Kazumi Taguchi, Shuzo Hamamoto, Kenjiro Kohri, Takahiro Yasui
We previously established an experimental model of calcium oxalate crystal deposition in the mouse kidney using C57BL/6 mice. C57BL/6J (B6J) and C57BL/6N (B6N) are two core substrains of C57BL/6 mice. B6J and B6N substrains have approximately the same genomic sequence. However, in whole-genome analyses, substrains have slight genetic differences in some genes. In this study, we used these substrains as kidney crystal formation models and compared their genetic backgrounds to elucidate the pathogenic mechanisms of kidney stone formation...
November 2018: Urolithiasis
C Fernández-Baltar, D Pérez-Fentes, J F Sánchez-García, C García-Freire
In developed countries, the incidence of cardiovascular disease is increasing, therefore, anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs are a widespread treatment nowadays. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is the first-line treatment for large or complex stones (> 2 cm) and remains an alternative for the smaller ones. The objective of this study is to analyze whether PNL surgery is a safe procedure in patients under a treatment discontinuation protocol for anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapies. We retrospectively studied 301 patients who underwent PNL in our hospital between 2008 and 2016 and identified 46 patients on chronic antiplatelet or anticoagulation treatment...
November 2018: Urolithiasis
R Mager, M Kurosch, T Höfner, S Frees, A Haferkamp, A Neisius
The purpose of this study is to analyze clinical outcomes and costs of single-use flexible ureterorenoscopes in comparison with reusable flexible ureterorenoscopes in a tertiary referral center. Prospectively, 68 flexible ureterorenoscopies utilizing reusable (Flex-X2S, Flex-XC , Karl Storz) and 68 applying single-use flexible ureterorenoscopes (LithoVue, Boston Scientific) were collected. Clinical outcome parameters such as overall success rate, complication rates according to Clavien-Dindo, operation time and radiation exposure time were measured...
November 2018: Urolithiasis
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