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Drug Research

Farogh Ahsan, Tarique Mahmood Ansari, Shazia Usmani, Paramdeep Bagga
Silks are naturally occurring polymers that have been used clinically as sutures for hundreds of years. It's so for obtained from insects or worms, silk consists of a filament core protein, termed fibroin, and a glue-like coating made up of sericin proteins. An important component of silk has an extended history of being discarded as a waste in the course of silk processing. The cost of sericin for tissue engineering is underestimated and its capability in using as regenerative remedy has simply began to be explored...
November 13, 2017: Drug Research
Soleiman Jaferian, Maryam Soleymaninejad, Hadis Daraee
Lung cancer is one of the foremost tumor-associated cause of death in the world. Most of the patients with NSCLC possesses an advanced disease at diagnosis, and are thus probable subject for systemic therapy. This study aims to evaluate the cytotoxicity of vinblastine and docetaxel combined therapy for the treatment of NSCLC, as well as verapamil (VER) enhancement of the combined therapy. We conducted P-glycoprotein (P-gp) gene expression, protein expression with RT-PCR and western blot respectively, apoptotic response of the combined therapy with VER is also determined using DAPI staining (%)...
November 13, 2017: Drug Research
Siavash Beiranvand, Mahmoud Reza Moradkhani
Local infiltrations and regional blocks have been some of the effective ways employed to manage and control post-operative pain. One of the limitations of administration of local anesthesia drugs in post-operative conditions is its inability to act for a longer period of time. Multi-vesicular liposomes made up of bupivacaine have been progressively used for their increased duration of action. Compared to bupivacaine HCL, local infiltration of liposomal bupivacaine have shown to have a significantly increase the duration and delay in peak plasma concentration...
November 6, 2017: Drug Research
Lucia Crascì, Venera Cardile, Giusy Longhitano, Francesco Nanfitò, Annamaria Panico
Background Inflammation is a dynamic process that occur on vascularized tissue in response to different stimuli causing cell injury and tissue degeneration. Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS and RNS) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have a key mediatory role in the development and progression of degenerative tissue process. The bioflavonoids possess a broad-spectrum of pharmacological activities. Their capability is related to their chemical structure. Methods In this study we evaluated and compare antioxidant, anti-glycative and anti-degenerative actions of two flavones apigenin and luteolin and a flavonol quercetin, in function of their hydroxyl groups arrangement...
November 6, 2017: Drug Research
Farshad Hasanzadeh-Kiabi
Pain is commonly categorized into two diverse groups: acute pain, characterized by early onset and last for a very short time; while chronic pain, characterized by a prolonged pain for least 3 months' duration. Timely and immediate management of critical pain is critical in reducing its aggravation to chronic pain. There has been successful application of nano-technology, nano-medicine to the treatment and management of pain both in clinical and experimental studies like the fabrication of nano-formulated liposomes to deliver drugs for pain therapy, formulation of non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)...
November 3, 2017: Drug Research
Anupreet Kaur, Jaspreet Kaur, Ranju Bansal
The present work describes a rapid and green microwave mediated method for the synthesis and a simple and precise isocratic reverse phase HPLC method for the estimation of the biologically significant dihydropyridines. The conventional synthesis of these dihydropyridines has been previously reported from our lab. The analysis of a standard solution (1 mg/ml) was accomplished on a symmetry (4.6 mm I.D x 250 mm) C-18 column using mobile phase acetonitrile:water:triethylamine (TEA) (70:30:0.1 v/v/v) at a flow rate of 0...
November 3, 2017: Drug Research
Yanier Nuñez-Figueredo, Jeney Ramirez-Sanchez, Yeniceis Alcantara Issac, Estael Ochoa-Rodriguez, Yamila Verdecia-Reyes, Rene Delgado-Hernandez, Diogo O Souza, Gilberto L Pardo Andreu
Free radicals are important mediators in a number of neurodegenerative diseases and molecules capable of scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) may be a feasible strategy for protecting neuronal cells. In this sense, polyphenols have been studied for their antioxidant effects, KM-34 (5-(3, 4-dydroxyl-benzylidene)-2, 2-dimethyl-1, 3-dioxane-4, 6-Dione) is a novel synthetic catechol with potential neuroprotective and antioxidant properties. We have assessed the antioxidant (as scavenging and iron-chelating compound) and neuroprotectant in vitro (in PC12 cell injury induced by H2O2, glutamate or FeSO4/AA) of KM-34...
November 3, 2017: Drug Research
Mojgan Faraji-Goodarzi, Nadereh Taee, Mehrnoosh Mohammadi-Kamalvand
Aims Croup is a clinical syndrome which included inspiratory stridor, coughing with a dog-like sound, noise obstruction and respiratory distress symptoms. This present study was conducted to compare the effects of cold drink and dexamethasone, and the effects of their co-administration on children's croup. Materials and Methods In this study, all patients with croup admitted to the emergency ward of Madani Hospital Khorramabad were divided through the simple randomized method into 3 groups after informed consents were taken from their parents...
November 3, 2017: Drug Research
Govindaraj Saravanan, Theivendren Panneer Selvam, Veerachamy Alagarsamy, Selvaraj Kunjiappan, Shrinivas D Joshi, Murugan Indhumathy, Pandurangan Dinesh Kumar
Background We designed to synthesize a number of 2-(2-(substituted benzylidene) hydrazinyl)-N-(4-((3-(phenyl imino)-3,4-dihydro quinoxalin-2(1 H)-ylidene)amino) phenyl) acetamide S1-S13 with the hope to obtain more active and less toxic anti-microbial and anti-TB agents. Methods A series of novel quinoxaline Schiff bases S1-S13 were synthesized from o-phenylenediamine and oxalic acid by a multistep synthesis. In present work, we are introducing graph theoretical analysis to identify drug target. In the connection of graph theoretical analysis, we utilised KEGG database and Cytoscape software...
October 24, 2017: Drug Research
Marziyeh Salehiabar, Hamed Nosrati, Soodabeh Davaran, Hossein Danafar, Hamidreza Kheiri Manjili
Natural L-aspartic acid coated iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (Asp@IONPs) were prepared by a one pot, in-situ and green co-precipitation method in an aqueous medium. Functionalized iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (IONPs) were characterized by Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. Cellular toxicity of IONPs was also investigated on HEK-293 cell lines...
October 16, 2017: Drug Research
Alexis Rump, Daniela Stricklin, Andreas Lamkowski, Stefan Eder, Matthias Port
In the case of an attack by a "dirty bomb" with cesium-137 there is a risk of internal contamination. The excretion of cesium-137 can be enhanced by Prussian Blue (PB), and thus the committed effective dose be reduced. We analyzed the benefit and costs of PB decorporation treatment. We simulated the reduction of the radiological dose by PB treatment after cesium-137 incorporation by inhalation. The saving of life time was quantified using the monetary "value of a statistical life" (VSL). Treatment costs were based on the market price of PB in Germany...
October 16, 2017: Drug Research
Samaneh Pirmoradi, Ezzatollah Fathi, Raheleh Farahzadi, Younes Pilehvar-Soltanahmadi, Nosratollah Zarghami
Aging and losing cell survival is one of the main problems in cell therapy. Aging of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) is associated with a rise in intracellular reactive oxygen species, decrease in telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) expression and finally eroded telomere ends. Given that the production of free radicals in the aging process is effective, the use of antioxidants can help in scavenging free radicals and prevent the aging of cells. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of curcumin on proliferation, aging and TERT expression of rat adipose tissue-derived stem cells (rADSC)...
October 10, 2017: Drug Research
Parvaneh Naserzadeh, Sara Nekhoee Mehr, Zeinab Sadabadi, Enayatollah Seydi, Ahmad Salimi, Jalal Pourahmad
The main aim of the current study was to determine cardio-toxicity mechanisms of H. lepturus and protective effect of curcumin against this toxin in rats, using isolated heart mitochondria and cardiomyocytes. Our findings indicated that H. lepturus venom caused significantly ((P<0.05) cytotoxicity and caspase 3 activation in cardiomyocytes and mitochondrial dysfunction including increased mitochondrial ROS level, swelling in the mitochondria, decline in the mitochondria membrane potential (MMP), decrease in the cytochrome-c oxidase activity (complex IV), decrease ATP level and finally mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM) rupture in isolated mitochondria...
October 10, 2017: Drug Research
Marcelo Jose Dias Silva, Wagner Vilegas, Marcelo Aparecido da Silva, Ana Paula Ribeiro Paiotti, Mauricio Mercaldi Pastrelo, Pedro Luiz Menin Ruiz, Carolina Foot Gomes de Moura, Celina Tizuko Fujiyama Oshima, Daniel Araki Ribeiro
The aim of this study was to evaluate the preventive and/or protective action of Mimosa caesalpiniifolia (M. caesalpiniifolia) following experimental colitis in rats. The rats were randomized into ten groups (n=10 per group), as follows: G1 - Sham group:; G2 - TNBS group; G3, G4 -colitis and treated with hydroalcoholic extract of M. caesalpiniifolia 250 mg/kg/day after and before/after inducing colitis, respectively; G5, G6 - colitis and treated with hydroalcoholic extract of M. caesalpiniifolia at 125 mg/kg/day after and before/after inducing colitis respectively; G7,G8 - colitis and treated with ethylacetate fraction of M...
October 9, 2017: Drug Research
Rahmaniah Rahmaniah, Yuyuntia Yuyuntia, Vivian Soetikno, Wawaimuli Arozal, Radiana Dhewayani Antarianto, Melva Louisa
Background Alpha mangostin has been reported to have activity for the treatment of liver fibrosis in the rats. However, the mechanisms of action are poorly understood. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of alpha mangostin on hepatic stellate cells (HSC) activation and proliferation through TGF-β/Smad and Akt signaling pathways. Methods Immortalized HSC, LX2 cells, were incubated with TGF-β with or without alpha mangostin (5 or 10 μM). Sorafenib 10 µM was used as positive control. LX2 viability was counted using trypan blue exclusion method...
October 9, 2017: Drug Research
Parvin Kumar, Ashwani Kumar
Monte Carlo method based QSAR studies for inhibitors of Mer kinase, a potential novel target for cancer treatment, has been carried out using balance of correlation technique. The data was divided into three random and dissimilar splits and hybrid optimal descriptors derived from SMILES and hydrogen filled graphs based notations were used for construction of QSAR models. The generated models have good fitting ability, robustness, generalizability and internal predictive ability. The external predictive ability has been tested using multiple criteria and described models exhibited good performance in all of these tests...
October 9, 2017: Drug Research
Vasim Khan, Md Quamrul Hassan, Mohd Akhtar, Abul Kalam Najmi
Objective Cardioprotective potential of aliskiren against isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction was evaluated in this study. Methods Wistar albino rats (n=36) were randomly divided into six groups. Normal control rats received 1 ml saline, orally for 14 days and 0.1 ml saline, subcutaneously on 13th and 14th treatment day while the toxic group animals were administered with saline orally for 14 days and isoproterenol (85 mg/kg, subcutaneously) on 13th and 14th day. In different pre-treatment groups, aliskiren (30, 50 & 100 mg/kg, orally) was administered for 14 days along with isoproterenol (85 mg/kg, subcutaneously) on the last two days...
October 4, 2017: Drug Research
Benneth Ben-Azu, Adegbuyi Oladele Aderibigbe, Itivere Adrian Omogbiya, Abayomi Mayowa Ajayi, Ezekiel O Iwalewa
Objectives Morin is a naturally occurring flavonoid with strong anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Studies have shown that flavones modulate neurotransmission through enhancement of gamma amino butyric acid activity in the central nervous system; which led to the hypothesis that they could exert tranquilizing effects in rodents. Hence, this study was designed to evaluate the antipsychotic effect of morin on experimental animal models. Methods The antipsychotic effect of morin (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg) administered intraperitoneally (i...
September 29, 2017: Drug Research
Hasanifard Leili, Samadi Nasser, Rashtchizadeh Nadereh, Dastmalchi Siavoush, Karimi Pouran
Background There is an urgent need to improve efficacy of chemotherapeutics to overcome resistance in cancer treatment. Sphingosine kinase-2 (SphK2) a key regulator of sphingolipid signaling has been rationalized as an important therapeutic target. We evaluated the role of SphK2 in doxorubicin (DOX)-induced apoptosis of NSCLC cells via altering c-FLIPS, MCL-1 and survivin expressions in order to overcome chemoresistance. Methods Proliferation and apoptosis were evaluated by MTT assay and DAPI staining, respectively...
September 26, 2017: Drug Research
Thota Alekya, Dudhipala Narendar, Donthi Mahipal, Narala Arjun, Banala Nagaraj
Rheumatoid arthritis is an auto immune disease which requires chronotherapy as it occurs during early morning. Tramadol hydrochloride (TH) is an analgesic drug, used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of the present investigation was to develop chronomodulated drug delivery system of tramadol hydrochloride such that it releases the drug early in the morning, during which the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis worsen. To develop chronomodulated drug delivery system of TH, initially core tablets of TH were prepared using three different supradisintegrants followed by coating with pH dependent polymer of Eudragit S100...
September 26, 2017: Drug Research
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