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Drug Research

Mohd Rizwan, Mohd Akhtar, Abul Kalam Najmi, Kuldeep Singh
AIM: This study was carried out to record the sensitivity/resistance pattern of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae towards antimicrobial drugs prescribed to urinary tract infection (UTI) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 68 bacteriologically proven simple UTI patients were included in the study, based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Subjects demographics, antibiotics prescribed, sensitivity pattern of antibiotics towards the urinary pathogens were recorded in drug utilization and documentation form...
March 12, 2018: Drug Research
Benneth Ben-Azu, Ekene Enekabokom Nwoke, Solomon Umukoro, Adegbuyi Oladele Aderibigbe, Abayomi Mayowa Ajayi, Ezekiel O Iwalewa
OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to investigate the neurobehavioral properties of naringin, a flavonoid compound formed from naringenin on behavioral models in mice. METHOD: The neurobehavioral property of naringin (2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg) administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) was assessed on novelty-induced rearing, locomotor behavior using open field test; anxiolytic effect was evaluated using hole-board, light and dark box, and elevated-plus maze paradigms...
March 12, 2018: Drug Research
Stephanie Zergiebel, Andreas Seeling
Dibenzoazecines are a class of potential neuroleptics with high affinity to dopamine and serotonin receptors. The efficacy and high therapeutic range has already been demonstrated in vivo with the lead structure 7-methyl-5,6,7,8,9,14-hexahydrodibenzo[d,g]azecin-3-ol (LE404: ) and selected derivatives. There is a variety of new synthesized structurally different dibenzoazecine derivatives with the aim to improve pharmacokinetic parameters, all of which contain the lead structure LE404: . For a multitude of these substances is still a lack of information, inclusive of stability, physicochemical parameters, pharmacokinetics and metabolism...
March 6, 2018: Drug Research
Leila Mousazadeh, Effat Alizadeh, Nosratollah Zarghami, Shahryar Hashemzadeh, Sedigheh Fekri Aval, Leili Hasanifard, Roya Herizchi
BACK GROUND: Adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) have unique potential for regenerative cell therapies. However, during ex-vivo cultivation, they undergo considerable quality loss regarding their phenotypic properties, stemness genes expression and differentiation potential. Recent studies reported that the loss of stemness properties of MSCs is a result of chromatin histone deacetylations through in-vitro cultivation. The present work aimed to study the effect of Trapoxin A (TPX) as a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) on overall stemness properties of ASCs...
February 26, 2018: Drug Research
Xiao-Jia Jiang, Fu-Xi Wu, Jian-Ping Zhang, Lei Shi, Jin-Qing Hu, Hai-Zhen Zhu, Bing Xiao, Wei-Cheng Lin, Yu-Guan Wen, De-Wei Shang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of treatment with risperidone and aripiprazole on serum prolactin, testosterone and estradiol levels in female patients with schizophrenia in China. METHODS: In the retrospective study, Data were collected and included prolactin, testosterone and estradiol levels of 30 female patients with risperidone monotherapy. In the prospective study, Another 30 female schizophrenic patients were randomized to receive risperidone or adjunctive aripiprazole for six weeks...
February 26, 2018: Drug Research
Yunes Panahi, Nahid Khalili, Ebrahim Sahebi, Soha Namazi, Luis E Simental-Mendía, Muhammed Majeed, Amirhossein Sahebkar
INTRODUCTION: Curcuminoids have been shown to reduce glycemia and related complications in diabetes. In the present study, we evaluated the impact of curcuminoids plus piperine administration on glycemic, hepatic and inflammatory biomarkers in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. METHODS: T2D patients aged 18-65 years were enrolled in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial and randomly allocated to standard-of-care treatment and dietary advises plus either curcuminoids (daily dose of 500 mg/day co-administered with piperine 5 mg/day) or placebo for a period of 3 months...
February 19, 2018: Drug Research
Mai Adel, Rabah A T Serya, Deena S Lasheen, Khaled A M Abouzid
Pyrrolopyrimidine derivatives represent a class of biologically active heterocyclic compounds which can serve as promising scaffolds that display remarkable biological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiviral and anticancer. In the last few years, several pyrrolopyrimidine derivatives have been approved by the US FDA and in other countries for the treatment of different diseases or are currently in phase I/II clinical trials. Due to their inimitable antioxidant and anti-tumor properties, researchers were inspired to develop novel derivatives for the treatment of different types of cancer...
February 12, 2018: Drug Research
Habib Yaribeygi, Mohammad Taghi Mohammadi, Amirhossein Sahebkar
BACKGROUND: Diabetes-induced oxidative stress has an essential role in pancreatic cells dysfunction. The present study aimed to evaluate whether peroxisome proliferator activated receptor- alpha (PPAR-α) induction by fenofibrate counterbalances oxidative stress in pancreatic cells. METHODS: In this in vivo study, male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups as normal, normal treated, diabetic and diabetic treated groups (n=6 in each group). Diabetes was induced by a single intravenous injection of streptozotocin (45 mg/kg)...
February 12, 2018: Drug Research
Tanzeela Abdul Fattah, Aamer Saeed, Pervaiz Ali Channar, Fayaz Ali Larik, Mubashir Hassan, Hussain Raza, Qamar Abbas, Sung-Yum Seo
The present article illustrated the synthesis and characterization of a novel series of (E)-4-(substituted-benzylideneamino)-2H-chromen-2-one derivatives 4A-4J: in good to excellent yields. The target compounds were synthesized by refluxing 4-aminocoumarin with aromatic aldehydes in ethanol. The structural confirmation was achieved by spectroscopic techniques such as (1H, 13C-NMR and FT-IR) and elemental analysis. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for carbonic anhydrase II (CA-II) inhibition and free radical scavenging activity...
February 12, 2018: Drug Research
Theodore Lemuel Mathuram, Lisa M Reece, Kotturathu Mammen Cherian
GSK-3 inhibitors are an emerging tool for clinical interventions in human diseases and represent a niche area in combinational therapy. They possess diverse facets in applications of nervous system disorders, Type 2 diabetes, regenerative medicine and cancer. However, conflicting reports suggest the controversial role of GSK-3 inhibitors in cancers. This review aims to highlight the rise of GSK-3 inhibitors as tools for molecular-targeted research and its shift to a promising drug candidate. The review also focuses on key GSK-3 inhibitors and their roles in cancer and regenerative medicine with special emphasis to tideglusib...
January 31, 2018: Drug Research
Raana Bagheri, Zohreh Sanaat, Nosratollah Zarghami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Drug Research
Reza Zamani, Sedigheh Fekri Aval, Younes Pilehvar-Soltanahmadi, Kazem Nejati-Koshki, Nosratollah Zarghami
The progression of nanotechnology provides opportunities to manipulate synthetic and natural materials to mimic the natural structure for tissue engineering applications. The electrospinning technique applies electrostatic principle to fabricate electrospun nanofibers. Nanofiber scaffolds are precisely similar to the native extracellular matrix (ECM) and support cell proliferation, adhesion, tendency to preserve their phenotypic shape and directed growth according to the nanofiber direction. This study reviewed both the natural and synthetic type of nanofibers and described the different properties used to trigger certain process in the tissue development...
January 22, 2018: Drug Research
Subhajit Roy, Bawneet K Narang, Manish K Gupta, Vikrant Abbot, Virender Singh, Ravindra K Rawal
Flexible docking simulations were carried out on a series of isocytosine analogs as xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitors. This was done by analysing the interaction of these compounds at the active site of XO. The binding free energies of the analogs were calculated using GoldScore. The binding modes of the best-fit conformation were studied, providing some handy important interactions. The results obtained henceforth provided an insight into the pharmacophoric structural requirements for XO inhibition for this class of molecules...
January 17, 2018: Drug Research
Saeed Hajihashemi, Tahereh Jafarian, Mahboubeh Ahmadi, Ali Rahbari, Fatemeh Ghanbari
BACKGROUND: Nephrotoxicity is the major side effects of aminoglycoside antibiotics such as gentamicin. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of Z.multiflora (ZM) hydroalcoholic extract on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. METHODS: Twenty-eight male Wistar rats categorized into four groups: 1) the control group without injection, 2) the gentamicin treated group (100 mg/kg, i.p) 3) the gentamicin and Z. Multiflora treated group; Z. Multiflora extract(0...
January 16, 2018: Drug Research
Daniel Siegismund, Vasily Tolkachev, Stephan Heyse, Beate Sick, Oliver Duerr, Stephan Steigele
Deep Learning has boosted artificial intelligence over the past 5 years and is seen now as one of the major technological innovation areas, predicted to replace lots of repetitive, but complex tasks of human labor within the next decade. It is also expected to be 'game changing' for research activities in pharma and life sciences, where large sets of similar yet complex data samples are systematically analyzed. Deep learning is currently conquering formerly expert domains especially in areas requiring perception, previously not amenable to standard machine learning...
January 16, 2018: Drug Research
Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Dirk Bester, Johan Esterhuyse, Ebenezer Olatunde Farombi
BACKGROUND: The incidence of cardiovascular diseases and its associated complications have increased greatly in the past three decades. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the acute cardioprotective effects of Garcinia kola (GK) seed extract and Kolaviron (KV) and determine mechanisms of action involving RISK signalling pathways. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were used in this study. Hearts were excised and mounted on the Langendorff perfusion system. The control, group 1 was perfused with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), group II with KV and group III with GK respectively...
January 8, 2018: Drug Research
Raana Bagheri, Zohreh Sanaat, Nosratollah Zarghami
BACKGROUND: Telomerase is known as a global therapeutic target in cancer cells due to its main role in tumorigenesis. Nowadays, it is proposed new treatment methods based on molecular target therapy by bioactive substances such as curcumin and chrysin with fewer side effects than other chemical drugs. But due to their low aqueous solubility and high clearance in the bloodstream it can be used of nanoparticles to increase their half-life and biocompatibility of them. Therefore, the goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of Chrysin-Curcumin on the expression of telomerase gene in SW480 colorectal cancer cell line...
January 2, 2018: Drug Research
Siv Fonnes, Barbara Juliane Holzknecht, Lærke Smidt Gasbjerg, Johan Juhl Weisser, Hanne Wiese Hallberg, Magnus Arpi, Jacob Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Treatment of secondary peritonitis includes surgery and antimicrobial agents. Antimicrobial agents are often administered intravenously, however, the alternative route intraperitoneal administration could be considered. Investigations must be conducted prior to clinical application. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the combination of fosfomycin, metronidazole, and recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor with regard to its chemical properties and the solution's stability...
December 19, 2017: Drug Research
Abdul Qadir, Athar Ali, Muhammad Arif, Abdulmohsen H Al-Rohaimi, Satya Prakash Singh, Usama Ahmad, Mohd Khalid, Arun Kumar
The seed kernels of Sesamum indicum L. (family: Pedaliaceae) were extracted with ethanol and yield of components determined by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). The free radical scavenging activities of ethanolic extract against1, 1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) were determined by UV spectrophotometer at 517 nm. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of numerous bioactive compounds including steroids, phenolic, terpenoids, fatty acids and different types of ester compounds. The ethanolic extract was purified and analyzed by GC MS...
December 12, 2017: Drug Research
Xue Bai, Xi-Pei Wang, Guo-Dong He, Bin Zhang, Min Huang, Jia-Li Li, Shi-Long Zhong
Objective A rapid and sensitive ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) assay was developed and validated for the simultaneous quantification of rosuvastatin (RST), rosuvastatin-5 S-lactone (RSTL), and N-desmethyl rosuvastatin (DM-RST) in human plasma. Methods Sample was prepared by liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate from 100 μL acidulated buffered plasma. Then analytes were chromatographically separated using an Acquity UPLC HSS T3 column (3.0 mm×100 mm, 1...
December 12, 2017: Drug Research
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