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Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899315/australian-meningococcal-surveillance-programme-1-january-to-31-march-2017
#1
Monica M Lahra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899314/national-notifiable-diseases-surveillance-system-1-january-to-31-march-2017
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899313/ozfoodnet-quarterly-report-1-january-to-31-march-2015
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899312/australian-paediatric-surveillance-unit-annual-report-2015
#4
Marie Deverell, Amy Phu, Yvonne A Zurynski, Elizabeth J Elliott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899311/australian-national-enterovirus-reference-laboratory-annual-report-2014
#5
Jason Roberts, Linda Hobday, Aishah Ibrahim, Thomas Aitken, Bruce Thorley
Following the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation, Australia conducts surveillance for cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in children less than 15 years of age as the main method to monitor its polio-free status. Cases of AFP in children are notified to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit or the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance System and faecal specimens are referred for virological investigation to the National Enterovirus Reference Laboratory. In 2014, no cases of poliomyelitis were reported from clinical surveillance and Australia reported 1...
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899310/influenza-viruses-received-and-tested-by-the-melbourne-who-collaborating-centre-for-reference-and-research-on-influenza-annual-report-2015
#6
Vivian K Leung, Natalie Spirason, Hilda Lau, Iwona Buettner, Sook-Kwan Leang, Michelle K Chow
As part of its role in the World Health Organization's (WHO) Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System, the WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza in Melbourne received a total of 5,557 influenza positive samples during 2015. Viruses were analysed for their antigenic, genetic and antiviral susceptibility properties. In 2015, influenza B viruses predominated over influenza A(H1)pdm09 and A(H3) viruses, accounting for a total of 58% of all viruses analysed. The vast majority of A(H1)pdm09, A(H3) and influenza B viruses analysed at the Centre were found to be antigenically similar to the respective WHO recommended vaccine strains for the Southern Hemisphere in 2015...
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899309/waterparks-are-high-risk-for-cryptosporidiosis-a-case-control-study-in-victoria-2015
#7
Tanyth E de Gooyer, Joy Gregory, Marion Easton, Nicola Stephens, Emily Fearnley, Martyn Kirk
BACKGROUND: An increase in notifications of cryptosporidiosis was observed in Victoria between March and April 2015. Cases mostly resided in one metropolitan region and hypothesis-generating interviews identified common exposures to aquatic facilities. We conducted a case-control study to determine exposure source(s) and facilitate control measures. METHODS: Laboratory-confirmed cases of cryptosporidiosis from the region of interest notified between 1 March and 23 April 2015 were included...
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899308/demographic-and-geographical-risk-factors-for-gonorrhoea-and-chlamydia-in-greater-western-sydney-2003-2013
#8
Marianne Gale, Andrew Hayen, George Truman, Rick Varma, Bradley L Forssman, C Raina MacIntyre
INTRODUCTION: Notification rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have increased in New South Wales as elsewhere in Australia. Understanding trends in chlamydia and gonorrhoea notifications at smaller geographical areas may assist public health efforts to deliver targeted STI interventions. METHODS: Routinely collected disease notification data from 2 local health districts within the greater Western Sydney area were analysed. De-identified notifications of gonorrhoea and chlamydia were extracted for people aged over 15 years during the period 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2013...
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899307/atypical-outbreak-of-q-fever-affecting-low-risk-residents-of-a-remote-rural-town-in-new-south-wales
#9
Brett N Archer, Cathie Hallahan, Priscilla Stanley, Kathy Seward, Margaret Lesjak, Kirsty Hope, Anthony Brown
We investigated an outbreak of Q fever in a remote rural town in New South Wales, Australia. Cases identified through active and passive case finding activities, and retrospective laboratory record review were interviewed using a standard questionnaire. Two sets of case-case analyses were completed to generate hypotheses regarding clinical, epidemiological and exposure risk factors associated with infection during the outbreak. Laboratory-confirmed outbreak cases (n=14) were compared with an excluded case group (n=16) and a group of historic Q fever cases from the region (n=106)...
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385146/invasive-pneumococcal-disease-surveillance-1-october-to-31-december-2016%C3%A2
#10
Kate Pennington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385145/the-australian-sentinel-practices-research-network-1-october-to-31-december-2016
#11
Monique B-N Chilver, Daniel Blakeley, Nigel P Stocks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385144/australian-gonococcal-surveillance-programme-1-july-to-30-september-2016%C3%A2
#12
Monica M Lahra, Rodney P Enriquez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385143/australian-childhood-immunisation-coverage-1-july-2015-and-30-june-2016-cohort-assessed-as-at-30-september-2016
#13
Alexandra J Hendry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385142/national-notifiable-diseases-surveillance-system-1-october-to-31-december-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385141/ozfoodnet-quarterly-report-1-october-to-31-december-2014
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385140/immunisation-coverage-annual-report-2014
#16
Brynley P Hull, Alexandra J Hendry, Aditi Dey, Frank H Beard, Julia M Brotherton, Peter B McIntyre
This 8th annual immunisation coverage report shows data for 2014 derived from the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register and the National Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Program Register. This report includes coverage data for 'fully immunised' and by individual vaccines at standard age milestones and timeliness of receipt at earlier ages according to Indigenous status. Overall, 'fully immunised' coverage has been mostly stable at the 12- and 24-month age milestones since late 2003, but at 60 months of age, it has increased by more than 10 percentage points since 2009...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385139/australian-gonococcal-surveillance-programme-annual-report-2015
#17
Monica M Lahra, Rodney P Enriquez
The Australian Gonococcal Surveillance Programme (AGSP) has continuously monitored antimicrobial resistance in clinical isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae from all Australian states and territories since 1981. In 2015, there were 5,411 clinical isolates of gonococci from public and private sector sources tested for in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility by standardised methods. Current treatment recommendations for the majority of Australian states and territories is a dual therapeutic strategy of ceftriaxone and azithromycin...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385138/community-acquired-syndromes-causing-morbidity-and-mortality-in-australia%C3%A2
#18
Shweta Sharma, Emmy Sneath, Allen C Cheng, N Deborah Friedman
The clinical and economic burden of infectious diseases is a substantial public health problem. The determination of the relative contributions of these diseases to the overall healthcare burden can inform priority setting, planning, and decision-making in healthcare and establish a baseline for future comparisons. Few recent studies have presented definitive data on the incidence of infectious diseases requiring hospitalisation in the Southern Hemisphere. We identified the age-specific number of hospitalisations and severe infections requiring intensive care unit admissions in the Geelong region...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385137/evaluation-of-bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-immunisation-programs-in-australia
#19
Gulam Khandaker, Frank H Beard, Aditi Dey, Chris Coulter, Alexandra J Hendry, Kristine K Macartney
bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunisation programs in Australia are funded and operated by the individual states and territories. In recent years BCG vaccine shortages have required use of unregistered products. We aimed to evaluate BCG immunisation programs in Australia, with particular reference to program implementation and national consistency.
 Methods: Between September and November 2015, 12 key stakeholders, representing Australian states and territories, completed surveys. We analysed BCG vaccination coverage data from the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register (ACIR), and data on adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) with BCG vaccine from the Therapeutic Goods Administration's Adverse Drug Reactions System, for 2001 to 2014...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385136/the-molecular-epidemiology-of-norovirus-outbreaks-in-victoria-2014-to-2015%C3%A2
#20
Leesa D Bruggink, Jean M Moselen, John A Marshall
Noroviruses are a leading cause of outbreaks of gastroenteritis. This study examined the incidence and molecular characteristics of norovirus outbreaks in healthcare and non-healthcare settings in Victoria, Australia, over 2 years (2014-2015). Norovirus was detected in 65.7% and 60.4% of gastroenteritis outbreaks investigated for the years 2014 and 2015 respectively. There was a significant decline in the number of norovirus outbreaks in the period 2014 to 2015 although in both years norovirus outbreaks peaked in the latter part of the year...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
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