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Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164021/mannequin-moods
#1
Nina Ventura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164020/prof-arie-pieter-kapptein-the-european-tavr-tavi-experience
#2
Silvia L Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164019/use-of-ct-angiography-among-patients-with-prior-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery
#3
COMMENT
Charles Eisenberg, Edward Hulten, Marcio Sommer Bittencourt, Ron Blankstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164018/the-cardio-pad-tm-project-progress-and-remaining-challenges
#4
Jean Jacques N Noubiap, Joseph Kamtchum-Tatuene, Chris Nadège Nganou-Gnindjio, Ahmadou M Jingi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164017/alcohol-septal-ablation-for-hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy-in-a-patient-with-a-chronic-total-occlusion-of-the-right-coronary-artery-beware-of-collateral-damage
#5
Quentin de Hemptinne, Fabien Picard, Philippe L L'Allier
Alcohol septal ablation (ASA) is an effective semi-invasive alternative to surgical myectomy in selected patients for the management of severely symptomatic and drug-refractory hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). One contraindication of this procedure is the presence of collateral flow originating from the target septal perforator to a remote myocardial territory. In such circumstances, ethanol injection could cause remote non-target myocardial necrosis in the collateralized territory. Percutaneous revascularization of the collateralized vessel prior to ASA might cope with this contraindication by restoring normal antegrade flow in the occluded artery...
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164016/isolated-rupture-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-following-blunt-chest-trauma-a-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-literature
#6
Hemindermeet Singh, Sajid Ali, Faraz Khan Luni, Fayyaz Hashmi, Mohammed Taleb
Blunt trauma to chest cause injury to various cardiac structures. Isolated rupture of aortic valve without aortic dissection is rare complication of blunt chest trauma and can be caused by a tear or avulsion of the valve. We report a case of a 35-year-old male who presented with severe aortic insufficiency due to rupture of a non-infected congenital bicuspid aortic valve following non-penetrating chest trauma. The diagnosis was suggested by echocardiography and was confirmed by intra-operative and histological findings...
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164015/post-traumatic-ventricular-septal-defect-a-rare-indication-for-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-as-a-bridge-to-transplant
#7
María Alejandra Restrepo-Córdoba, Francisco José Hernández-Pérez, Manuel Francisco Gómez-Bueno, Juan Manuel Escudier-Villa, Evaristo Castedo, Javier Segovia, Luis Antonio Alonso-Pulpón
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a rare complication of blunt chest trauma. This report presents the case of a 44-year-old man who developed a VSD as a result of high-energy closed chest trauma. We describe the initial surgical and medical management of the cardiac rupture. After failed repair surgery, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was used as a bridge to heart transplantation. We discuss the successful use of ECMO to improve the prognosis results in this rare and complex entity.
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164014/cardiovascular-burden-and-percutaneous-interventions-in-russian-federation-systematic-epidemiological-update
#8
REVIEW
Alexander N Kharlamov
The situation with cardiovascular (CV) burden in Russian population is alerting, and becomes of interest due to high CV mortality, and shorter lifespan if compare with the Western society amid the absence of the established monitoring or screening system for major CV risk factors. The purpose of this systematic epidemiological update was to explore CV burden in Russia. The study represents pooled results with a systematic epidemiological review of the national mass screening, selected randomized clinical trials and statistical datasets of the national public health CV institutions exploring the trends of the CV burden in all 83 regions of Russia...
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164013/stenotic-flow-reserve-derived-from-quantitative-coronary-angiography-has-modest-but-incremental-value-in-predicting-functionally-significant-coronary-stenosis-as-evaluated-by-fractional-flow-reserve
#9
Elizabeth L Potter, Colin Machado, Yuvaraj Malaiapan, Om Narayan, Brian S H Ko, Peter J Psaltis, Kiran Munnur, James D Cameron, Ian T Meredith, Dennis Thiam Leong Wong
BACKGROUND: Stenotic flow reserve (SFR) derived from quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) has been correlated with myocardial ischaemia as determined by pharmacological stress echocardiography. However, the diagnostic accuracy of SFR in predicting functionally significant coronary stenosis as assessed by the gold standard, fractional flow reserve (FFR), has not been previously characterised. METHODS: Patients who underwent coronary angiography and FFR assessment between January 2010 and February 2012 in a single tertiary centre were retrospectively assessed...
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164012/effect-of-serial-infusions-of-reconstituted-high-density-lipoprotein-cer-001-on-coronary-atherosclerosis-rationale-and-design-of-the-carat-study
#10
Jordan Andrews, Alex Janssan, Tracy Nguyen, Anthony D Pisaniello, Daniel J Scherer, John J P Kastelein, Bela Merkely, Steven E Nissen, Kausik Ray, Gregory G Schwartz, Stephen G Worthley, Connie Keyserling, Jean-Louis Dasseux, Julie Butters, Jacinta Girardi, Rosemary Miller, Stephen J Nicholls
BACKGROUND: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is believed to have atheroprotective properties, but an effective HDL-based therapy remains elusive. Early studies have suggested that infusion of reconstituted HDL promotes reverse cholesterol transport and vascular reactivity. The CER-001 Atherosclerosis Regression Acute Coronary Syndrome Trial (CARAT) is investigating the impact of infusing an engineered pre-beta HDL mimetic containing sphingomyelin (SM) and dipalmitoyl phosphatidlyglycerol (CER-001) on coronary atheroma volume in patients with a recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164011/outcomes-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-patients-with-and-without-atrial-fibrillation-a-survival-meta-analysis
#11
Ahmad Masri, Mohamed Kanj, Maran Thamilarasan, Oussama Wazni, Nicholas G Smedira, Harry M Lever, Milind Y Desai
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequent occurrence in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). It is associated with worsening symptoms, cardiovascular events, and mortality. We conducted a meta-analysis of studies reporting on mortality in patient with HCM and AF. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Medline, Embase, Ovid and Cochrane for studies which reported cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with HCM and AF. Outcome was a composite of cardiac mortality and/or all-cause mortality...
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164010/epidemiological-and-mortality-trends-in-infective-endocarditis-a-17-year-population-based-prospective-study
#12
Alberto Cresti, Mario Chiavarelli, Marco Scalese, Cesira Nencioni, Silvia Valentini, Francesco Guerrini, Incoronata D'Aiello, Andrea Picchi, Francesco De Sensi, Gilbert Habib
BACKGROUND: The population at risk, the clinical and microbiological features of infective endocarditis (IE) have changed. Aim of our study was to evaluate the contemporary epidemiological trends, over a 17-year period in a definite region of Tuscany, Italy, to analyze the clinical outcomes and associated prognostic factors. METHODS: From 1 January 1998 to 31 December 2014, all patients with a definite diagnosis of IE were prospectively entered in a data-base. The Health-Care system data-base was interrogated to capture patients who could have been missed...
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164009/infarct-related-artery-only-versus-complete-revascularization-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-and-multi-vessel-disease-a-meta-analysis
#13
Satyanarayana R Vaidya, Santhosh R Devarapally, Sameer Arora
BACKGROUND: The 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association (ACCF/AHA) focused update on primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) only gives a class II b (weak) indication for non-infarct artery intervention at the time of primary PCI. Recent randomized controlled trials, however, suggest strong evidence supporting complete revascularization. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in PUBMED, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane central register for randomized controlled trials comparing complete versus infarct artery (IRA) only revascularization in patients with STEMI...
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164008/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-with-the-sapien-3-valve-preparing-the-field-for-the-final-expansion
#14
EDITORIAL
Jean-Michel Paradis, Josep Rodés-Cabau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164007/minimalist-immediate-mechanical-intervention-in-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-is-it-time-to-redefine-targets
#15
EDITORIAL
Philip Francis Dingli, Javier Escaned
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164006/early-transcatheter-valve-prosthesis-degeneration-and-future-ramifications
#16
EDITORIAL
Sameer Arora, Cassandra J Ramm, Jacob A Misenheimer, John P Vavalle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123986/multidisciplinary-pulmonary-embolism-response-teams-and-systems
#17
Peter P Monteleone, Kenneth Rosenfield, Rachel P Rosovsky
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a complex diagnosis that encompasses a wide range of clinical presentations. Often patients who present with PE have complicated medical histories which can make their management challenging. Many novel therapeutic strategies and tools are emerging to improve the care and outcomes of patients with PE. Pulmonary embolism response teams (PERTs) are developing at multiple centers to improve the decision making, efficiency and orchestration of these clinical strategies. Concordantly with development of PERT programs is the design and implementation of systems to allow for numerous specialists to convene and discuss complex PE patients in real time...
December 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123985/catheter-directed-interventions-for-pulmonary-embolism
#18
REVIEW
Mehrzad Zarghouni, Hearns W Charles, Thomas S Maldonado, Amy R Deipolyi
Pulmonary embolism (PE), a potentially life-threatening entity, can be treated medically, surgically, and percutaneously. In patients with right ventricular dysfunction (RVD), anticoagulation alone may be insufficient to restore cardiac function. Because of the morbidity and mortality associated with surgical embolectomy, clinical interest in catheter-directed interventions (CDI) has resurged. We describe specific catheter-directed techniques and the evidence supporting percutaneous treatments.
December 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123984/inferior-vena-cava-filter-retrievals-standard-and-novel-techniques
#19
REVIEW
Gokhan Kuyumcu, T Gregory Walker
The placement of an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is a well-established management strategy for patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) disease in whom anticoagulant therapy is either contraindicated or has failed. IVC filters may also be placed for VTE prophylaxis in certain circumstances. There has been a tremendous growth in placement of retrievable IVC filters in the past decade yet the majority of the devices are not removed. Unretrieved IVC filters have several well-known complications that increase in frequency as the filter dwell time increases...
December 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123983/complications-of-inferior-vena-cava-filters
#20
REVIEW
Simer Grewal, Murthy R Chamarthy, Sanjeeva P Kalva
Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement is a relatively low risk alternative for prophylaxis against pulmonary embolism in patients with pelvic or lower extremity deep venous thrombosis who are not suitable for anticoagulation. There is an increasing trend in the number of IVC filter implantation procedures performed every year. There are many device types in the market and in the early 2000s, the introduction of retrievable filters brought an additional subset of complications to consider. Modern filter designs have led to decreased morbidity and mortality, however, a thorough understanding of the limitations and complications of IVC filters is necessary to weight the risks and benefits of placing IVC filters...
December 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
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