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Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302473/the-impact-of-ivus-guidance-in-treating-complex-lesions-are-all-complex-lesions-the-same
#1
EDITORIAL
Kayode O Kuku, Alexandre H Kajita, Hector M Garcia-Garcia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302472/cardiovascular-mortality-in-russia-a-comment
#2
COMMENT
Sergei V Jargin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302471/microbial-landscapes
#3
Joana Ricou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302470/professor-roland-hetzer-heart-pump-implantation-in-germany
#4
Silvia L Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302469/stent-accordion-phenomenon-visualized-with-optical-coherence-tomography
#5
Lucky R Cuenza, Khung Keong Yeo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302468/the-euroaspire-surveys-lessons-learned-in-cardiovascular-disease-prevention
#6
Kornelia Kotseva
The Joint European Societies (JES) guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention published in 1994, 1998, 2003, 2007, 2012 and 2016 defined lifestyle and risk factors targets for patients with coronary or other atherosclerotic disease and people at high risk of developing CVD. Guideline implementation in Europe has been evaluated with four cross-sectional EUROASPIRE surveys starting in mid-1990s. The results showed poor lifestyle and risk factor management in patients with CHD and in high CVD risk people with high prevalences of smoking, obesity, central obesity and diabetes...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302467/echocardiographic-evaluation-and-guidance-for-mitraclip-procedure
#7
REVIEW
William E Katz, Anson J Conrad Smith, Frederick W Crock, João L Cavalcante
Transcatheter mitral valve repair using the MitraClip system (Abbott, Abbott Park, Il, USA) has become a world-wide, well-established therapeutic alternative to treat symptomatic patients with severe mitral regurgitation and prohibitive surgical risk. This article offers a comprehensive review of the important clinical and imaging aspects related to the patient selection, imaging evaluation and intraprocedural guidance for optimal results using this transcatheter device therapy. This article provides an updated framework for the interested practitioners summarizing the current understanding and applications for this device based on the current literature and growing experience of this technique...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302466/echocardiographic-and-electrocardiographic-abnormalities-in-adults-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-yaound%C3%A3-central-hospital-cameroon
#8
Ba Hamadou, Marie Ntep Ngweth, Miriam Megueo Fotso, Liliane Mfeukeu-Kuate, Ahmadou M Jingi, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Chris Nadege Nganou, Jerome Boombhi, Sylvie Ndongo Amougou, Alain Menanga, Samuel Kingue
Background: Cardiac involvement is frequent in the course of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection disease. This work aimed at studying the profile of echocardiographic and electrocardiography (ECG) abnormalities in adults living with HIV (PLHIV), compared to those not infected with HIV at the treatment unit of the Yaoundé Central Hospital. Methods: We carried out a case-control study over three months at the HIV treatment unit. We included adults of both sexes, aged ≥21 years, HIV-infected (cases), and age and sex matched controls...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302465/clinical-outcomes-of-pcsk9is-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#9
Rugheed Ghadban, Tariq Enezate, Jad Omran, Rajaa Almourani, Atul Singla, Sudarshan Balla
Background: Previous studies of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9Is) were not designed to detect clinical benefit and were underpowered for this outcome. However, recently published trials reported improvement in clinical outcomes. The aim of this meta-analysis to assess the impact of PCSK9Is on clinical outcomes. Methods: Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were queried from January 2000 through March 2017...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302464/the-role-of-lp-pla2-and-biochemistry-parameters-as-potential-biomarkers-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-asian-south-indians-a-case-control-study
#10
Sai Giridhar Sairam, Srikanth Sola, Asha Barooah, Sai Kiran Javvaji, Jiten Jaipuria, Vijayalakshmi Venkateshan, Janardhana Chelli, Carani Balaraman Sanjeevi
Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is an emerging biomarker for inflammation that has shown association with CAD. Its significance in the Asian Indian population is not clearly known. We sought to compare the possible association of various biomarkers of atherosclerosis along with Lp-PLA2, in symptomatic individuals with CAD vs. healthy controls in Asian South-Indians. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional case control study at three centers in a South Indian population...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302463/prevalence-and-correlates-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-a-group-of-patients-with-hypertension-in-the-savanah-zone-of-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Ba Hamadou, Jérôme Boombhi, Félicité Kamdem, Adeline Fitame, Sylvie Ndongo Amougou, Liliane Kuate Mfeukeu, Chris Nadège Nganou, Alain Menanga, Gloria Ashuntantang
Background: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing worldwide due to an increase in the risk factors such as hypertension. The greatest burden is in low-income settings, coupled with late diagnosis and limited management resources. This work aimed at studying the prevalence and risk factors of CKD in a group of patients with hypertension in the Savanah zone in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional study between January and May 2016 in the regional Hospital of Garoua-Cameroon...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302462/valve-sparing-aortic-root-replacement-midterm-outcomes-and-quality-of-life
#12
Abdel-Kémal Bori Bata, Nicolas D'Ostrevy, Bruno Pereira, Etienne Geoffroy, Nicolas Dauphin, Vedat Eljezi, Kasra Azarnoush, Lucie Ulman, Lionel Camilleri
Background: This study evaluated the midterm outcomes, the valve related events and quality of life of patients treated by valve-sparing aortic root replacement (VSRR). Methods: From January 2003 to December 2014, 88 consecutive patients diagnosed with an aortic root aneurysm or ascending aortic aneurysms underwent VSRR surgery. The mean age was 55±14 (range 19-77) years. A total of 84% of the patients were male; 89% were in New York Heart Association functional class I or II, 55% had aortic regurgitation (AR) grade III or IV...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302461/warfarin-anticoagulation-in-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection-survivors-watas
#13
Yskert von Kodolitsch, Oliver Wilson, Helke Schüler, Axel Larena-Avellaneda, Tilo Kölbel, Sabine Wipper, Fiona Rohlffs, Christian Behrendt, E Sebastian Debus, Jens Brickwedel, Evaldas Girdauskas, Christian Detter, Alexander M Bernhardt, Jürgen Berger, Stefan Blankenberg, Hermann Reichenspurner, Tamer Ghazy, Klaus Matschke, Ralf-Thorsten Hoffmann, Norbert Weiss, Adrian Mahlmann
Background: Early survivors of acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD) remain at risk for late death and late aortic events. However, the frequency and long-term effects of warfarin anticoagulation on long-term outcome in post-surgical AAAD survivors have not been elucidated. Methods: Two tertiary care centers performed a retrospective observational cohort study of warfarin anticoagulation in AAAD in 243 persons with early survival of surgical repair (WATAS). Serial postoperative tomographic imaging was available in 106 persons...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255696/communicating-complex-scientific-research-ideas-for-curing-lung-cancer-using-north-east-indian-folklore-and-visual-art
#14
Dhruba Deb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255695/computed-tomography-of-cardiomyopathies
#15
REVIEW
Kevin Kalisz, Prabhakar Rajiah
Cardiac computed tomography (CT) is increasingly used in the evaluation of cardiomyopathies, particularly in patients who are not able to undergo other non-invasive imaging tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) due to the presence of MRI-incompatible pacemakers/defibrillators or other contraindications or due to extensive artifacts from indwelling metallic devices. Advances in scanner technology enable acquisition of CT images with high spatial resolution, good temporal resolution, wide field of view and multi-planar reconstruction capabilities...
October 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255694/the-role-of-advanced-reconstruction-algorithms-in-cardiac-ct
#16
REVIEW
Sandra S Halliburton, Yuki Tanabe, Sasan Partovi, Prabhakar Rajiah
Non-linear iterative reconstruction (IR) algorithms have been increasingly incorporated into clinical cardiac CT protocols at institutions around the world. Multiple IR algorithms are available commercially from various vendors. IR algorithms decrease image noise and are primarily used to enable lower radiation dose protocols. IR can also be used to improve image quality for imaging of obese patients, coronary atherosclerotic plaques, coronary stents, and myocardial perfusion. In this article, we will review the various applications of IR algorithms in cardiac imaging and evaluate how they have changed practice...
October 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255693/3d-printing-from-cardiovascular-ct-a-practical-guide-and-review
#17
REVIEW
James M Otton, Nicolette S Birbara, Tarique Hussain, Gerald Greil, Thomas A Foley, Nalini Pather
Current cardiovascular imaging techniques allow anatomical relationships and pathological conditions to be captured in three dimensions. Three-dimensional (3D) printing, or rapid prototyping, has also become readily available and made it possible to transform virtual reconstructions into physical 3D models. This technology has been utilised to demonstrate cardiovascular anatomy and disease in clinical, research and educational settings. In particular, 3D models have been generated from cardiovascular computed tomography (CT) imaging data for purposes such as surgical planning and teaching...
October 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255692/plaque-imaging-with-ct-a-comprehensive-review-on-coronary-ct-angiography-based-risk-assessment
#18
REVIEW
Márton Kolossváry, Bálint Szilveszter, Béla Merkely, Pál Maurovich-Horvat
CT based technologies have evolved considerably in recent years. Coronary CT angiography (CTA) provides robust assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). Early coronary CTA imaging-as a gate-keeper of invasive angiography-has focused on the presence of obstructive stenosis. Coronary CTA is currently the only non-invasive imaging modality for the evaluation of non-obstructive CAD, which has been shown to contribute to adverse cardiac events. Importantly, improved spatial resolution of CT scanners and novel image reconstruction algorithms enable the quantification and characterization of atherosclerotic plaques...
October 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255691/myocardial-ischemia-testing-with-computed-tomography-emerging-strategies
#19
REVIEW
Prabhakar Rajiah, Christopher D Maroules
Although cardiac computed tomography (CT) has high negative predictive value to exclude obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), particularly in the low to intermediate risk population, it has low specificity in the diagnosis of ischemia-inducing lesions. This inability to predict hemodynamically significant stenosis hampers the ability of CT to be an effective gatekeeper for invasive angiography and to guide appropriate revascularization. Recent advances in CT technology have resulted in the development of multiple techniques to provide hemodynamic information and detect lesion-specific ischemia, namely CT perfusion (CTP), CT-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) and coronary transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG)...
October 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255690/fractional-flow-reserve-computed-tomography-in-the-evaluation-of-coronary-artery-disease
#20
REVIEW
Shaw Hua Kueh, Matthew Boroditsky, Jonathon Leipsic
Amongst patients with suspected obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), less than a third of patients have obstructive disease on invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and fewer still have flow-limiting obstructive disease as determined by invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR). FFR is a powerful tool in guiding revascularization of flow-limiting lesions which in turn improves clinical outcome in those with haemodynamically significant obstructive disease. However FFR is infrequently performed due to the cost, time and patient discomfort the procedure entails...
October 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
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