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Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904847/heart
#1
Yvan Patrick Akré
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904846/complete-congenital-heart-block-in-a-neonate-with-a-complex-congenital-heart-defect-in-africa
#2
Clovis Nkoke, Edvine Yonta Wawo, Liliane Kuate Mfeukeu, Larissa Makamte, Sandrine Dikosso Edie, Flore Esiene Balana
Congenital heart block (CHB) is rare disorder that has a higher mortality when associated with structural congenital heart defects. Very few cases have been reported in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We present a case of complete CHB associated with a complex congenital heart defect in a neonate in Cameroon. A 1-month-old neonate in Cameroon was referred for the evaluation of bradycardia. The obstetrical ultrasound done during pregnancy revealed fetal bradycardia without further evaluation. Clinical examination showed well a developed neonate with bradycardia at 62 beats/minute, and mild cyanosis with oxygen saturation at 93% at room air...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904845/cardio-thoracic-surgical-experience-in-gabon
#3
REVIEW
François Ondo N'Dong, Sylvestre Mbamendame, Silvère Ngakani Offobo, Mory Mamadi Kaba, Jean Bernard Mbourou, Charles Diané
Our experience in cardio-thoracic surgery focuses on thoracic activity. The minimum fare for traumatisms, infectious pathology and tumoral pathology requires, for its improvement, the acquisition of a technical platform and of an adequate medical infrastructure, with a rational organisation of the care sequence. Vascular surgery calls for the training of qualified human resources, and the great demand in heart surgery calls upon the public powers for the construction of infrastructures, and the formation of necessary superstructures...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904844/cardiothoracic-surgical-experience-in-ghana
#4
REVIEW
Mark Tettey, Martin Tamatey, Frank Edwin
Ghana is one of the few low-to-middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa able to consistently sustain a cardiothoracic program with locally trained staff for more than two decades. Cardiothoracic surgery practice in Ghana started in 1964 but faltered from a combination of political and the economic problems. In 1989, Dr. Kwabena Frimpong-Boateng, a Ghanaian cardiothoracic surgeon trained in Hannover, rekindled interest in cardiothoracic surgery and in establishing a National Cardiothoracic Centre. His vision and leadership has brought cardiothoracic surgery practice in Ghana to its current high level...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904843/cardiac-surgery-in-africa-a-thirty-five-year-experience-on-open-heart-surgery-in-cote-d-ivoire
#5
Koffi Herve Yangni-Angate, Christophe Meneas, Florent Diby, Manga Diomande, Anicet Adoubi, Yves Tanauh
BACKGROUND: Few centers for open heart surgery (OHS) are in Sub-Saharan Africa. Lack of OHS results is also noted. By reporting our African experience on OHS, the aim of this study was to fill the gap. METHODS: It is a retrospective study on 2,612 patients who were subject to an OHS between 1978 and 2013. Data were collected from demographical, clinical, investigative studies, surgical and outcomes parameters. RESULTS: There were 1,475 cases of rheumatic heart diseases (RHD), 126 endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF), 741 congenital heart diseases (CHDs) and 270 various affections...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904842/the-challenges-of-cardiothoracic-surgery-practice-in-nigeria-a-12-years-institutional-experience
#6
Bode Falase, Michael Sanusi, Adeola Animasahun, Ogadinma Mgbajah, Adetinuwe Majekodunmi, Onyekwelu Nzewi, Jonathan Nwiloh, David Oke
BACKGROUND: Although the specialty of cardiothoracic surgery has been practiced in Nigeria for many years, open heart surgery (OHS) has only in the last decade become relatively more frequent, mainly through visiting foreign cardiac surgical teams. At this early phase of development it is faced with multiple challenges, especially financing and local skilled manpower for which solutions have to be identified in order to ensure sustainability and future growth. This study is aimed at highlighting these obstacles to growth of cardiothoracic surgery based on our own institutional experience at Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH) and the current status of OHS activity in other cardiothoracic centers in Nigeria...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904841/the-rebirth-of-cardiac-surgery-in-sudan
#7
Ahmed ElSayed, Elamin Elawad Elnur
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery is nowadays an integral part of a complete national health service. METHODS: In this paper the rebirth of cardiac surgery in Sudan from 1998 till 2007 is given by means of a literature search, personal interviews and searching hospital records. RESULTS: A summary of the initial birth of these services in 1959 till its demise in 1993 is first mentioned to set the stage for the subsequent period of sustainable growth...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904840/surgical-experience-on-chronic-constrictive-pericarditis-in-african-setting-review-of-35-years-experience-in-cote-d-ivoire
#8
Koffi Herve Yangni-Angate, Yves Tanauh, Christophe Meneas, Florent Diby, Anicet Adoubi, Manga Diomande
BACKGROUND: Surgical experience with chronic constrictive pericarditis (CCP) is rarely documented in Africa; the aim of this study is therefore to review our African experience with CCP from 1977 to 2012 in terms of clinical and surgical outcomes and risk factors of early death after pericardiectomy. METHODS: This retrospective study is related to 120 patients with CCP; there were 72 men and 48 women with an average age at 28.8±10.4 years standard deviation (SD) (8-51 years)...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904839/noncardiac-thoracic-surgery-in-abidjan-from-1977-to-2015
#9
Yves Tanauh, Flavien Kendja, Hervé Yangni-Angate, Blaise Demine, Raphaël Ouédé, Maurice Kouacou
BACKGROUND: To report and analyze noncardiac thoracic operations performed at the Cardiology Institute of Abidjan (Institut de Cardiologie d'Abidjan) from 1977 to 2015. METHODS: This is a retrospective and descriptive study covering 39 years, from 1977 to 2015. This study period was divided into three periods of 13 years each: P1 from 1977 to 1989, P2 from 1990 to 2002 and P3 from 2003 to 2015. Medical records of 2014 operated patients were analyzed: 414 patients for P1, 464 patients for P2, 1,136 patients for P3...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904838/open-heart-surgery-in-sub-saharan-africa-challenges-and-promise
#10
Koffi Herve Yangni-Angate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747173/biomorphic-garden-party
#11
Arabella Proffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747172/acute-extensive-anterior-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-following-bee-sting-a-rare-report-of-kounis-syndrome-in-lad-territory
#12
Mohammad Reza Karimlu, Aida Alavi-Moghaddam, Omid Rafizadeh, Arsalan Azizpour, Isa Khaheshi
Herein we report a case of extensive anterior myocardial infarction (MI) after bee sting, in 57-year-old man who had no known risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD).
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747171/cardiocutaneous-syndrome-naxos-disease-in-a-bangladeshi-boy
#13
Akm Monwarul Islam, Md Toufiqur Rahman, Abu Hana Chowdhury
Naxos disease is a rare autosomal recessive form of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) with woolly hair and palmoplantar keratoderma. The cardiomyopathy presents by adolescence with syncope, ventricular tachycardia (VT) of left bundle branch block (LBBB) morphology, and/or ventricular fibrillation. The diagnosis and management of ARVC are at present in evolution; the recently published modified Task Force Criteria for diagnosis and International Task Force consensus statement for treatment of ARVC will hopefully bring about uniformity in recognition and management of Naxos disease as well...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747170/safety-and-efficacy-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-intermediate-risk-patients-sets-the-stage-for-contemporary-trials-in-lower-risk-groups
#14
Shikhar Agarwal, Samir Kapadia, E Murat Tuzcu, Amar Krishnaswamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747169/the-burden-of-fallot-s-tetralogy-among-nigerian-children
#15
Barakat Adeola Animasahun, Akpoembele D Madise-Wobo, Bode A Falase, Samuel I Omokhodion
BACKGROUND: There are only very few reports on Fallot's tetralogy in Africa especially from sub-Saharan Africa. At best tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is only mentioned as part of reports of surveys of other congenital heart diseases or as case reports in the region. There has been no report on cohorts of children with TOF in West Africa. This article describes the pattern and presentation of children diagnosed with TOF patients in a tertiary hospital in sub-Saharan Africa over a 9-year period...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747168/daily-cardiac-catheterization-procedural-volume-and-complications-at-an-academic-medical-center
#16
Kipp Slicker, Wesley G Lane, Ola O Oyetayo, Laurel A Copeland, Eileen M Stock, Jeffrey B Michel, John P Erwin
BACKGROUND: Over 1,000,000 cardiac catheterizations (CC) are performed annually in the United States. There is a small risk of complication that has persisted despite advances in technology. It is unknown whether daily CC procedural volume can influence this risk. In an effort to improve outcomes at our academic medical center, we investigated the relationship between daily CC volume and complication rates. METHODS: We obtained data from both the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) Cath-PCI and Lumedx© databases reviewing the records of patients undergoing scheduled, non-emergent CC at our facility between January 2005 to June 2013...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747167/factors-associated-with-blood-pressure-control-amongst-adults-with-hypertension-in-yaounde-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Alain Menanga, Sandrine Edie, Clovis Nkoke, Jérôme Boombhi, Ahmadou Jingi Musa, Liliane Kuate Mfeukeu, Samuel Kingue
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Improvement of its management to reduce adverse cardiovascular outcomes will require an understanding of the patient characteristics and treatment factors associated with uncontrolled blood pressure. Factors that affect blood pressure control have not been sufficiently described in Cameroon. The main goal of our study was to determine the predictors of blood pressure control in patients with hypertension in an urban city in Cameroon...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747166/right-ventricular-failure-predicted-from-right-bundle-branch-block-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-validation
#18
Santhosh R Devarapally, Sameer Arora, Ali Ahmad, Mike Sood, Amaar El Sergany, Terrence Sacchi, Barry Saul, Rahul Gaglani, John Heitner
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) failure has proven to be independently associated with adverse outcomes. Electrocardiographic parameters assessing RV function are largely unknown, making echocardiography the first line for RV function assessment. It is however, limited by geometrical assumptions and is inferior to cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) which is widely regarded as the most accurate tool for assessing RV function. METHODS: We seek to determine the correlation of ECG parameters of right bundle branch block (RBBB) with RV ejection fraction (EF) and RV dimensions using the CMRI...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747165/use-of-bio-informatics-assessment-schema-bias-to-improve-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-myocardial-perfusion-data-results-from-the-nhlbi-sponsored-women-s-ischemia-syndrome-evaluation-wise
#19
Mark Doyle, Gerald M Pohost, C Noel Bairey Merz, Leslee J Shaw, George Sopko, William J Rogers, Barry L Sharaf, Carl J Pepine, Diane V Thompson, Geetha Rayarao, Lindsey Tauxe, Sheryl F Kelsey, Robert W W Biederman
BACKGROUND: We introduce an algorithmic approach to optimize diagnostic and prognostic value of gated cardiac single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and magnetic resonance (MR) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) modalities in women with suspected myocardial ischemia. The novel approach: bio-informatics assessment schema (BIAS) forms a mathematical model utilizing MPI data and cardiac metrics generated by one modality to predict the MPI status of another modality. The model identifies cardiac features that either enhance or mask the image-based evidence of ischemia...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747164/skeletal-myopathy-in-a-family-with-lamin-a-c-cardiac-disease
#20
Subha Ghosh, Rahul Renapurkar, Subha V Raman
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate patients with known hereditary cardiac conduction and myocardial disease (HCCMD) caused by a lamin A/C gene mutation for skeletal muscle involvement using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) computed tomography (CT). METHODS: Twenty-one patients with the diagnosis of HCCMD were available for study. Of these 21, 11 had MRI scans of the lower legs. The 11 that had an MRI were compared to a control group of 17 healthy controls...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
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