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Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387655/sciatic-nerve-stiffness-is-not-changed-immediately-after-a-slump-neurodynamics-technique
#1
Tiago Neto, Sandro R Freitas, Ricardo J Andrade, João Gomes, João Vaz, Bruno Mendes, Telmo Firmino, Antoine Nordez, Raúl Oliveira
Background: Neurodynamics techniques aim to assess and improve neural mechanosensitivity. However, there is no in vivo evidence regarding the mechanical effects of these techniques in the nerve stiffness. This study examined the immediate effects of a slump neurodynamics technique in the sciatic nerve shear wave velocity (SWV. i.e. an index of stiffness) using ultrasound-based elastography. Methods: Fourteen healthy participants were included in this experiment...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387654/time-to-recovery-of-sciatic-function-index-after-induced-tibialis-anterior-strain-in-rats
#2
Tasneem Mohammad, Aliaa Rehan Youssef
Background: Muscle strain is a common injury with a high recurrence rate. Due to the heterogeneity of strain injuries, experimental animals provide controlled and reproducible models to investigate such injuries. Sciatic Function Index (SFI) is a clinically feasible method to assess hind limb recovery in rodents after induced injuries. Objectives: To investigate time to recovery of SFI after induced-strain in tibialis anterior (TA) muscle in rats. Methods: Sixteen adult male Wister rats were randomly and equally divided to a normal control group that received no intervention, and TA induced muscle strain group...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387653/operative-treatment-for-the-painful-posterior-thigh-after-hamstring-autograft-harvesting
#3
Mikko Laakso, Jussi Kosola, Pekka Niemi, Keijo Mäkelä, Juha Ranne, Sakari Orava, Lasse Lempainen
Background: Semitendinosus (ST) is widely used autograft in anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions (ACLR). Although tendon harvesting is a common procedure, some patients exhibit pain, cramping and dysfunctional at posterior thigh after the ACLR. The formation of the newly regenerated neotendon could be compromised by a new injury or too rapid rehabilitation. We present this clinical entity and the developed surgical technique and share our experience in treatment of these patients...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387652/congenital-absence-of-the-long-head-of-biceps-tendon-its-clinical-implications-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Chouhan Devendra Kumar, John Rakesh, Bansal Tungish, Dhillon Mandeep Singh
Background: Multiple reports of congenitally absent long head of biceps tendon (LHBT) have been reported in the literature. However, there is no consensus on the clinical implications of this relatively rare entity. Study Purpose: To systematically review and analyze all studies which have reported absence of LHBT. Methods: PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched. Also, a secondary search was performed by pearling the bibliography of all the full-text articles obtained...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387651/mini-open-versus-open-repair-techniques-in-achilles-tendon-rupture-clinical-and-isokinetic-evaluation
#5
Daniele Munegato, Giulia Gridavilla, Stefano Guerrasio, Marco Turati, Carlo Cazzaniga, Nicolò Zanchi, Giovanni Zatti, Marco Bigoni
Background: The aim of the study was to compare the mini-open to the classic open repair techniques for Achilles tendon ruptures. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated at a minimum of 2 years follow-up 32 subcutaneous Achilles tendon ruptures; 17 underwent mini-open surgery (Group A) and 15 the open technique (Group B). Results: No difference in Achilles Tendon Total Rupture Score and in modified Leppillahti score was observed. With respect to the contralateral side the width of the operated Achilles tendon was 4...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387650/the-effect-of-strain-and-age-on-the-mechanical-properties-of-rat-achilles-tendons
#6
Emily C Vafek, Johannes F Plate, Eric Friedman, Sandeep Mannava, Aaron T Scott, Kerry A Danelson
Background: Achilles tendon (AT) ruptures are common in the middle age population; however, the pathophysiology and influence of age on AT ruptures is not fully understood. This study evaluates the effect and interactions between, strain and age on the in vitro biomechanical properties of ATs. Methods: Bilateral ATs were harvested from 17 young (8 months) and 14 middle-aged (24 months) rats and underwent stress-relaxation using Fung's quasilinear viscoelastic (QLV) modeling and load-to-failure testing...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387649/side-to-side-differences-in-achilles-tendon-geometry-and-mechanical-properties-following-achilles-tendon-rupture
#7
Jennifer A Zellers, Daniel H Cortes, Patrick Corrigan, Laura Pontiggia, Karin Grävare Silbernagel
Background: Recovery of tendon structure has been suggested to play a role in clinical success following Achilles tendon rupture. The purpose of this study was to identify side-to-side differences in tendon geometry and mechanical properties following Achilles tendon rupture and investigate the relationship of tendon structure with clinical outcomes. Methods: Participants within 1 year post complete rupture were included. Tendon geometry and mechanical properties were quantified using B-mode ultrasound imaging and continuous shear wave elastography (cSWE)...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387648/early-radiographic-and-clinical-outcomes-of-minimally-displaced-proximal-fifth-metatarsal-fractures-cast-vs-functional-bandage
#8
Carlo Biz, Marco Zamperetti, Alberto Gasparella, Miki Dalmau-Pastor, Marco Corradin, Giacomo de Guttry, Pietro Ruggieri
Background: The purpose of this non-randomized retrospective study was to investigate outcomes of minimally displaced, proximal 5MTB fractures, treated by a below-knee walking cast or a functional elasticated bandage with a support of a flat hard-soled shoe. Methods: A consecutive patient series was divided into two groups: the cast group (CG) and the functional group (FG). The subjects were radiologically and clinically evaluated according to Mehlhorn and Lawrence-Botte classification, and AOFAS Midfoot score, respectively...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387647/orthopaedics-injuries-in-male-professional-football-players-in-brazil-a-prospective-comparison-between-two-divisions
#9
Gustavo Gonçalves Arliani, Paulo Henrique Schmidt Lara, Diego Costa Astur, André Pedrinelli, Jorge Roberto Pagura, Moisés Cohen
Background: Football is a high-speed contact sport and the risk of injury is high. The objective of this study was to compare the two main divisions (A1 and A2) of the São Paulo Football Championship and to perform a correlation analysis of the variables studied. Methods: A prospective study was conducted using an electronic questionnaire previously developed by the Medical Committee of the São Paulo Football Federation. The questionnaire was sent to the doctors of the teams playing in the A1 and A2 divisions of the São Paulo Football Championship after each round...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387646/assessment-of-patient-functional-performance-in-different-knee-arthroplasty-designs-during-unconstrained-squat
#10
Federica Verdini, Claudio Zara, Tommaso Leo, Alessandro Mengarelli, Stefano Cardarelli, Bernardo Innocenti
Background: In this paper, squat named by Authors unconstrained because performed without constrains related to feet position, speed, knee maximum angle to be reached, was tested as motor task revealing differences in functional performance after knee arthroplasty. It involves large joints ranges of motion, does not compromise joint safety and requires accurate control strategies to maintain balance. Methods: Motion capture techniques were used to study squat on a healthy control group (CTR) and on three groups, each characterised by a specific knee arthroplasty design: a Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA), a Mobile Bearing and a Fixed Bearing Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty (respectively MBUA and FBUA)...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387645/clinical-evidence-of-traditional-vs-fast-track-recovery-methodologies-after-total-arthroplasty-for-osteoarthritic-knee-treatment-a-retrospective-observational-study
#11
Sergio Castorina, Claudia Guglielmino, Paola Castrogiovanni, Marta Anna Szychlinska, Francesco Ioppolo, Paolo Massimino, Pietro Leonardi, Christian Maci, Maurizio Iannuzzi, Angelo Di Giunta, Giuseppe Musumeci
Background: During the last years, programs to enhance postoperative recovery and decrease morbidity after total knee arthroplasty, have been developed across a variety of surgical procedures and referred to as "Fast-Track Surgery". In this study we aimed to find some answers in the management of osteoarthritic patients subjected to total knee arthroplasty, by using the Fast-Track methodology. To this purpose we evaluated parameters such as early mobilization of patients, better pain management, bleeding, possible complications, reduced hospitalization time, an overall improved recovery and patient satisfaction...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387644/evaluation-of-the-isokinetic-muscle-function-postural-control-and-plantar-pressure-distribution-in-capoeira-players-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Pedro Olavo de Paula Lima, Paulo Ricardo Pinto Camelo, Victor Matheus Leite Mascarenhas Ferreira, Paulo Jorge Santiago do Nascimento, Márcio Almeida Bezerra, Gabriel Peixoto Leão Almeida, Rodrigo Ribeiro de Oliveira
Background: Capoeira is a cultural practice with Brazilian roots that combines several elements including dance, fighting and body rhythm. Because of the diverse elements involved in its practice, capoeira is excellent at developing the physical and social abilities of its players. The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical profile of muscle strength, plantar pressure distribution, and postural balance between players and non-players of capoeira. Methods: We evaluated 51 subjects who were allocated into two groups: capoeira group and control group...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387643/correlation-between-time-from-injury-to-surgery-and-the-prevalence-of-ramp-and-hidden-lesions-during-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-new-diagnostic-algorithm
#13
Gianni Di Vico, Sigismondo Luca Di Donato, Giovanni Balato, Gaetano Correra, Alessio D'Addona, Nicola Maffulli, Donato Rosa
Background: Anterior cruciate ligament tears (ACL) are associated with meniscal lesions, that could involve the posterior horn of the medial meniscus (PHMM). A variety of techniques has been proposed to better visualise the postero-medial (PM) compartment. The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of longitudinal tears of peripheral attachment of the PHMM during arthroscopic ACL reconstruction, and to describe a diagnostic algorithm. Methods: 115 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction were enrolled for the study...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387642/ultrasonographic-assessment-of-the-anterolateral-ligament-of-the-knee-in-healthy-subjects
#14
Giuseppe Argento, Mario Vetrano, Lara Cristiano, Tania Suarez, Alessandra Bartoloni, Davide Erroi, Andrea Ferretti, Maria Chiara Vulpiani
Objective: The aim of our study was to determine inter-observer agreement in the ultrasonographic identification of the anterolateral ligament (ALL) and in the evaluation of its length and thickness in healthy subjects. Methods: 80 healthy volunteers (160 knees) (42 males and 38 females) were enrolled in the study. All subjects underwent ultrasound (US) examination of both knees, performed by two physicians with over ten years of musculoskeletal US experience. In order to keep the ALL under optimal tension, the knee was flexed at approximately 30-35°, slightly internally rotated and length and thickness of the ligament were measured...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387641/mri-evaluation-to-predict-tendon-size-for-knee-ligament-reconstruction
#15
Lawrence Camarda, Emanuele Grassedonio, Domenico Albano, Massimo Galia, Massimo Midiri, Michele D'Arienzo
Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate a possible correlation between specific anthropometric parameters and sizes of knee tendons commonly used for ACL reconstruction. We hypothesized that specific clinical and radiological knee measurements could be better tendon sizes predictors than age, gender, height and weight. Materials and methods: 100 consecutive patients were enrolled and 77 patients met the inclusion criteria of the study. All patients underwent a MRI of the knee with a 1...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387640/real-time-sonoelastography-principles-and-clinical-applications-in-tendon-disorders-a-systematic-review
#16
Federico Fusini, Francesco Langella, Alberto Busilacchi, Cosimo Tudisco, Antonio Gigante, Alessandro Massé, Salvatore Bisicchia
Background: Sonoelastography (SE) is a new ultrasound-based method adopted in an increased number of scientific reports to analyse normal and pathological tendons. The aim of this study is to provide a systematic overview of clinical applications of SE in normal and pathological tendons. Methods: A systematic research of PubMed, Ovid, and Cochrane Library electronic databases was performed according to PRISMA guideline. Two Authors searched and evaluated the articles independently; a third Author was involved to solve any disagreement...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387639/prevalence-techniques-and-knowledge-of-rapid-weight-loss-amongst-adult-british-judo-athletes-a-questionnaire-based-study
#17
Nikos Malliaropoulos, Shaan Rachid, Vasileios Korakakis, Stephen Andrew Fraser, Georgios Bikos, Nicola Maffulli, Manuela Angioi
Background: No investigation has analysed the RWL approaches since new rules by the International Judo Federation (IJF) regarding weigh-ins have been implemented in international competitions in 2014. The current study analyses the prevalence, most common methods and knowledge surrounding the effects of rapid weight loss (RWL) amongst adult UK judo athletes. Additionally, it examines differences in rapid weight loss behaviour (RWLB) between gender, weight-class, competitive level, age RWL began and "high"/"low" knowledge athletes...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387638/quantitative-analysis-of-patellar-tendon-size-and-structure-in-asymptomatic-professional-players-sonographic-study
#18
Maurizio Giacchino, Cristina Caresio, Negar E Gorji, Filippo Molinari, Giuseppe Massazza, Marco Alessandro Minetto
Background: Ultrasonographic abnormalities of the patellar tendon frequently occur in asymptomatic athletes and it is not always clear whether they precede (and may predict) the development of tendinopathy. Objective: This study aimed to investigate by ultrasonography the prevalence of patellar tendon abnormalities in players of "pallapugno" and to establish whether structural tendon abnormalities predict tendinopathy development. Methods: Ultrasound B-mode images of the patellar tendon of both sides were acquired in fourteen throwers...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387637/three-dimensional-architecture-of-the-ligamentum-teres-in-the-human-hip-joint
#19
Nobuhiro Kaku, Tatsuo Shimada, Tomonori Tabata, Hiroaki Tagomori, Tetsutaro Abe, Juan Juan Zhang, Hiroshi Tsumura
Background: We aimed to investigate the three-dimensional structure of the collagenous fibers of the ligamentum teres (LT) of the human hip and clarify the LT micro-anatomy at the attachment of the femoral head. Methods: Femoral heads and LT were collected during hip arthroplasty. Specimens were cut into 5-10-mm squares, prepared, developed, and observed under a light microscope. Next, specimens were prepared and examined under a scanning electron microscope (SEM)...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387636/the-time-has-come-to-incorporate-a-greater-focus-on-rate-of-force-development-training-in-the-sports-injury-rehabilitation-process
#20
REVIEW
Matthew Buckthorpe, Giulio Sergio Roi
This narrative and literature review discusses the relevance of Rate of Force Development (RFD) (the slope of the force time curve) for Return To Sport (RTS), its determinants and the influence of training practices on it expression, with the purpose to enhance clinicians' awareness of how RFD training may enhance RTS success. RFD is considered functionally more relevant than maximal muscle strength during certain very fast actions including rapid joint stabilisation following mechanical perturbation. Deficits in RFD are reported following conventional rehabilitation programmes despite full restoration of maximal strength, which may contribute to the less than satisfactory RTS outcomes reported in the literature...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
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