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Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal

Hakimeh Adigozali, Azadeh Shadmehr, Esmail Ebrahimi, Asghar Rezasoltani, Farrokh Naderi
BACKGROUND: to date, an assessment of morphometric features, muscle stiffness and blood flow in the upper trapezius among healthy females at rest and contraction states has not been conducted. So, in the current research, the intra-rater reliability of ultrasonographic features of upper trapezius in healthy females was examined. METHOD: in this study stiffness and thickness of the upper trapezius in rest and contraction states were measured by ultrasonography on 12 healthy female subjects (28...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Sina Pezeshki, Thomas J Vogl, Mohammad Zakaria Pezeshki, Mohammad Hossein Daghighi, Masoud Pourisa
BACKGROUND: magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a noninvasive diagnostic tool may help clinicians in the evaluation of injuries to menisci and ligaments. PURPOSE: this study assessed the associations between type of trauma to knee joint, bone bruise, fracture and pathological joint effusion with injuries to menisci and ligaments of knee joint. METHODS: we reviewed knee joint MRI of 175 patients aged less than 45 years old who were referred to MRI center of our University...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Silvio Tafuri, Angela Notarnicola, Antonello Monno, Francesco Ferretti, Biagio Moretti
BACKGROUND: even if CrossFit training programs accounted actually more than 7500 gyms affiliated in the USA and more than 2000 in Europe and involved today more than 1 million of people, actually there were not several studies about the effect of the CrossFit on the health and sport performance. The aim of these research was to evaluate the performance in 7 fundamental movement patterns using a standardized methods, the Functional Movement Screen (FMS). METHODS: we enrolled three groups of athletes (age 17-40 years; >6 months of training programs): CrossFitters, body builders and professional weightlifters...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Simone Cerciello, Silvio Rossi, Enrico Visonà, Katia Corona, Francesco Oliva
BACKGROUND: Vibration therapy (VT) has been proposed as an option to improve physical performance and reduce the negative effects of ageing on bone, muscles and tendons. Several discrepancies exist on the type of applications, frequency and magnitude. These differences reflex on the contradictory clinical results in literature. Aim of the present study is to carry on an exhaustive review to focus on technical options on the market, clinical applications in orthopaedic practice and expected outcomes...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Donato Rosa, Sigismondo Luca Di Donato, Giovanni Balato, Alessio D'Addona, Fabrizio Schonauer
BACKGROUND: prolonged and laborious activities involving wrists and forearms has been long associated with the onset of epicondylitis. Slalom water-skiing can be included in this category. The purpose of the study is to analyse the correlation between the pronated or supinated position of forearms during water-skiing practice and the presence respectively of lateral and medial epicondylitis. METHODS: sixty-six pro and semi-pro slalom water-skiers were enrolled in the study...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 269 in vol. 4, PMID: 25332946.].
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Antonio Frizziero, Araldo Causero, Stefano Bernasconi, Rocco Papalia, Mario Longo, Vincenzo Sessa, Francesco Sadile, Pasquale Greco, Umberto Tarantino, Stefano Masiero, Stefano Rovati, Valeria Frangione
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the efficacy and safety of a medicated plaster containing betamethasone valerate (BMV) 2.25 mg in patients with chronic elbow tendinopathy. METHODS: randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study with assignment 2:2:1:1 to BMV medicated plaster applied daily for 12 hours, daily for 24 hours or matched placebo. 62 patients aged ≥18 years with chronic lateral elbow tendinopathy were randomized. The primary efficacy variable was pain reduction (VAS) at day 28...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Osvaldo Pangrazio, Francisco Forriol
AIM: to provide an overview of the traumatic injuries sustained by players in the 2015 America Cup. MATERIAL AND METHODS: we collected the medical reports on all the matches held during the 2015 America Cup, in Chile, in 2015. Twelve American teams took part in the championship, consisted of 26 matches with a total of 276 players. The physician for each team sent a request form of the traumatic injuries sustained, including the time at which the injury was produced, the location and diagnosis, its severity and the circumstances (contact injury, sanction, treatment required)...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Marc Dauty, Pierre Menu, Alban Fouasson-Chailloux, Sophie Ferréol, Charles Dubois
OBJECTIVES: previous studies investigating the ability of isokinetic strength ratios to predict hamstring injuries in soccer players have reported conflicting results. HYPOTHESIS: to determine if isokinetic ratios are able to predict hamstring injury occurring during the season in professional soccer players. STUDY DESIGN: case-control study; LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3. METHODS: from 2001 to 2011, 350 isokinetic tests were performed in 136 professional soccer players at the beginning of the soccer season...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Kristian Johansson, Lasse Lempainen, Janne Sarimo, Tiina Laitala-Leinonen, Sakari Orava
BACKGROUND: the origin of chronic Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is currently unclear and epidemiological factors, such as ethnicity, may be associated. METHODS: intraoperative findings from the treatment of 865 Finnish and 156 Italian athletic patients with chronic Achilles tendon related pain were evaluated, retrospectively. The mean age was 34 years (range, 18 to 65 years) in the Finnish and 29 years (range, 17-63 years) in the Italian patients. In total, 786 patients were males and 226 females of which 84 and 87% Finnish, respectively...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Karin Gravare Silbernagel, Kristen Shelley, Stephen Powell, Shaun Varrecchia
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon structural changes are common after injury and correlate with recovery of function. Having simple, inexpensive, yet valid and reliable measures of Achilles tendon structure are useful both in research and clinical. The purpose of this study was to perform reliability and validity measures of extended field of view (EFOV) ultrasound (US) imaging of the Achilles tendon. METHODS: eight cadavers (16 tendons) were used for the validation study to compare Achilles tendon length measurements from US images with actual measured length from dissected tendons...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Márcio Almeida Bezerra, Cybelle da Silva Nery, Patrícia Verçoza de Castro Silveira, Gabriel Nunes de Mesquita, Thainá de Gomes Figueiredo, Magno Felipe Holanda Barboza Inácio Teixeira, Silvia Regina Arruda de Moraes
BACKGROUND: the complications caused by diabetes increase fragility in the muscle-tendon system, resulting in degeneration and easier rupture. To avoid this issue, therapies that increase the metabolism of glucose by the body, with physical activity, have been used after the confirmation of diabetes. We evaluate the biomechanical behavior of the calcaneal tendon and the metabolic parameters in rats induced to experimental diabetes and submitted to pre- and post-induction exercise. METHODS: 54-male-Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: Control Group (CG), Swimming Group (SG), Diabetic Group (DG), and Diabetic Swimming Group (DSG)...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Erica Domeij Arverud, Olof Persson-Lindell, Fredrik Sundquist, Fausto Labruto, Gunnar Edman, Paul W Ackermann
INTRODUCTION: Achilles tendon (AT) rupture exhibits a prolonged healing process with varying clinical outcome. Reduced blood flow to the AT has been considered an underlying factor to AT rupture (ATR) and impaired healing. In vivo measurements using laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) may be a viable method to assess blood flow in healthy and healing AT. METHODS: 29 persons were included in the study; 9 being ATR patients and 20 healthy subjects without any prior symptoms from the AT...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Javier Vaquero, Francisco Forriol
OBJECTIVE: the menisci are easily injured and difficult to repair. The aim of this study was to analyze the current state of meniscal surgery aimed at preserving morphology and conserving the biomechanics of the knee to prevent joint degeneration. METHODOLOGY: a search of the electronic medical literature database Medline was conducted, from The search was not limited by language. Candidate articles were identified by searching for those that included the keywords meniscus, surgery, suture, implant, allograft...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Filippo Calanna, Luca Pulici, Giulia Carimati, Alessandro Quaglia, Piero Volpi
PURPOSE: several surgical techniques have been described for the MPFL reconstruction, using many femoral and patellar fixation techniques and different grafts (autograft, allograft, synthetic). The goal of our study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of MPFL reconstruction using Juggerknot™ (BIOMET, Warsaw, Indiana) suture anchors fixation with a clinical evaluation pre/post surgery of our patients with objective patellofemoral (PF) instability. METHODS: from January 2013 to March 2015, 19 patients underwent isolated MPFL reconstruction using Juggerknot™ (BIOMET, Warsaw, Indiana) suture anchors fixation...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Terence Wai-Kit Chan, Chi-Chung Kong, Angelo Del Buono, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: there is need to ascertain clinical and imaging outcomes after posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) augmentation. METHODS: we performed a retrospective analysis of clinical, imaging and functional data on 21 physically active males who underwent arthroscopic trans-tibial augmentation of the PCL for symptomatic grade III PCL insufficiency. The average follow-up time was 50 months (24-60 months). The Lysholm knee score was administered to all the patients, ligament laxity was evaluated with the posterior drawer test, the KT-1000 arthrometer, and the anteromedial tibial step-off...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Federico Fusini, Salvatore Bisicchia, Carlo Bottegoni, Antonio Gigante, Fabio Zanchini, Alberto Busilacchi
BACKGROUND: nutraceuticals are common support therapy for management of tendinopathies. Even if they are widely diffused, our knowledge is still poor. The aim of this systematic review is to analyze the most commonly used nutraceuticals and their effects on tendons. METHODS: glucosamine and chondroitin sulphate, vitamin C, hydrolazed type 1 collagen, arginine alpha-keto-glutarate, bromelain, curcumin, boswellic acid, and methil-sulfonil-methane were considered. During the last week of Dicember 2015 a comprehensive research of main databases for each substance was made in relation with tendinopathy...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Taiceer A Abdul-Wahab, Jean P Betancourt, Fadi Hassan, Saeed Al Thani, Hened Choueiri, Nitin B Jain, Gerard A Malanga, William D Murrell, Anil Prasad, Olivier Verborgt
BACKGROUND: rotator cuff tear affects many people. Natural history, and evidence for non-operative treatment remains limited. Our objective is to assess evidence available for the efficacy and morbidity of commonly used systemic medications, physiotherapy, and injections alongside evaluating any negative long-term effects. METHODS: a systematic search was performed of PubMed, Cochrane, EMBASE and CINAHL dates (1 January 1960 - 1 December 2014), search terms: 'rotator cuff tear', 'natural history', 'atraumatic', 'injection', 'physiotherapy' or 'physical therapy', 'injection', 'corticosteroid', 'PRP', 'MSC', risk of conservative treatment', and 'surgical indication'...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Nasri Hani Zreik, Rayaz A Malik, Charalambos P Charalambous
BACKGROUND: adhesive capsulitis (AC) results in progressive painful restriction in range of movement and can reduce function and quality of life. Whilst it has been associated with diabetes mellitus (DM), there is considerable variation in the reported prevalence of AC in the diabetic population. The aim of this study is to determine through meta-analysis the prevalence of AC in DM and examine whether it is influenced by type of DM or insulin therapy. We also aim to further establish the prevalence of DM in patients presenting with AC...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Desmond John Bokor, David Sonnabend, Luke Deady, Ben Cass, Allan Young, Craig Van Kampen, Steven Arnoczky
BACKGROUND: partial-thickness rotator cuff tears frequently enlarge due to increased local strain and often progress to full-thickness tears. Studies suggest the addition of new tendinous tissue to injured cuff tendons would significantly decrease peak strain, possibly protecting against tear progression. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of a highly-porous collagen implant to induce new tissue formation and limit tear progression when placed on the bursal surface of partial-thickness cuff tears...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
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