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Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717630/ptx3-a-new-mediator-of-bone-metabolism-and-osteoporosis
#1
Umberto Tarantino, Maurizio Feola, Monica Celi, Manuel Scimeca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717629/ultrasound-measures-of-tendon-thickness-intra-rater-inter-rater-and-inter-machine-reliability
#2
María Elena Del Baño-Aledo, Jacinto Javier Martínez-Payá, José Ríos-Díaz, Silvia Mejías-Suárez, Sergio Serrano-Carmona, Ana de Groot-Ferrando
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound imaging is often used by physiotherapists and other healthcare professionals but the reliability of image acquisition with different ultrasound machines is unknown. The objective was to compare the intra-rater, inter-rater and intermachine reliability of thickness measurements of the plantar fascia (PF), Achilles tendon (AT), patellar tendon (PT) and elbow common extensor tendon (ECET) with musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging (MSUS). METHODS: Tendon thickness was measured in four anatomical structures (14 participants, 28 images per tendon) by two sonographers and with two different ultrasound machines...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717628/does-combined-strength-training-and-local-vibration-improve-isometric-maximum-force-a-pilot-study
#3
Ruben Goebel, Monoem Haddad, Heinz Kleinöder, Zengyuan Yue, Thomas Heinen, Joachim Mester
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine whether a combination of strength training (ST) and local vibration (LV) improved the isometric maximum force of arm flexor muscles. ST was applied to the left arm of the subjects; LV was applied to the right arm of the same subjects. The main aim was to examine the effect of LV during a dumbbell biceps curl (Scott Curl) on isometric maximum force of the opposite muscle among the same subjects. It is hypothesized, that the intervention with LV produces a greater gain in isometric force of the arm flexors than ST...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717627/the-influence-of-playing-surface-on-injury-risk-in-italian-elite-rugby-players
#4
Riccardo Maria Lanzetti, Domenico Lupariello, Teresa Venditto, Pierpaolo Rota, Matteo Guzzini, Antonio Vadalà, Attilio Rota, Andrea Ferretti
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in the use of artificial turf surfaces in rugby. In particular, artificial surfaces may be an useful means of increasing participation in the sport by allowing greater usage of a given pitch, especially in regions where natural turf pitches are difficult to maintain. METHODS: The incidence of site, nature, cause, and severity of training and match injuries was prospectively recorded in two professional teams (one equipped with World Rugby certified third generation artificial turf and the other with natural grass over the 2014-2015 season)...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717626/muscle-fatigue-in-participants-of-indoor-cycling
#5
Ricardo de Melo Dos Santos, Flavio Costa E Costa, Thais Sepeda Saraiva, Bianca Callegari
BACKGROUND: Indoor Cycling (IC) has been gaining recognition and popularity within recent years and few studies have investigated its benefits for sedentary participants. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in the surface electromyography (sEMG) variables, heart rate (HR), and subjective effort in sedentary participants while they performed an IC session and to compare their results with the trained subjects, to answer the question: Are trained cyclists less susceptible to muscle fatigue, since it is expected that they make less effort? DESIGN: Twenty-six volunteers were split into two groups according to their fitness status and weekly training load...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717625/assessment-of-different-fitting-methods-for-in-vivo-bi-component-t2-analysis-of-human-patellar-tendon-in-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#6
Fang Liu, Richard Kijowski
PURPOSE: To investigate the robustness of four fitting methods for bi-component effective spin-spin T2 (T2(*)) relaxation time analysis of human patellar tendon. METHODS: A three-dimensional (3D) cone ultra-short echo-time (UTE) sequence was performed on the knees of ten healthy volunteers at 3.0T. Four fitting methods incorporating either Gaussian or Rician noise distribution were used for voxel-by-voxel bi-component T2(*) analysis of the patellar tendon. The T2(*) for the short relaxing (T(*)*,s ) and long relaxing (T(*)2,l ) water components and the fraction of the short relaxing water component (fs ) were measured, and different fitting methods were compared using Friedman's and Wilcoxon signed rank tests...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717624/ipsilateral-hamstring-tendon-graft-reconstruction-for-chronic-patellar-tendon-ruptures-surgical-technique
#7
Nicola Maffulli, Angelo Del Buono, Francesco Oliva
BACKGROUND: Patellar tendon chronic ruptures are more debated to manage that acute injuries as the patella tends to retract proximally (after 2 weeks), and surrounding soft tissues may make the repair more complicate. PURPOSE: We propose a novel technique in which the patellar tendon is reconstructed using ipsilateral hamstring tendons. This surgical procedure implies to drill a single tunnel through the patella and another through the tibia to reduce the risk of bony breakage...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717623/chondrocytes-treated-with-different-shock-wave-devices
#8
Angela Notarnicola, Florenzo Iannone, Giuseppe Maccagnano, Nuniza Lacarpia, Dorotea Bizzoca, Biagio Moretti
BACKGROUND: Shock wave treatment is used for several orthopedic diseases and there are different devices available. Until now, there have been no experimental studies on the effects of these different generators. METHODS: We carried out an experimental study to compare the effects of three focused generators (electro-magnetic, piezoelectric and electro-hydraulic) as well as a radial generator on healthy and osteoarthritis chondrocytes. RESULTS: By the analysis of our results, we may exclude significant differences between the different generators, even though there is a greater action specificity for electro-magnetic and piezoelectric generators...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717622/semitendinosus-muscle-architecture-during-maximum-isometric-contractions-in-individuals-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-and-controls
#9
Evagelos Karagiannidis, Eleftherios Kellis, Nikiforos Galanis, Baltzopoulos Vasilios
BACKGROUND: The most widely used graft as a replacement in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is the semitendinosus (ST) tendon graft. After harvesting for ACL reconstruction, the hamstring tendon regenerates in most people and becomes similar to normal. The effect of graft harvest on muscle morphology and function remains unclear. The present study aimed to examine the morphology of the ST during isometric contraction after harvesting the ST tendon for ACL reconstruction...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717621/effects-of-the-menstrual-cycle-on-lower-limb-biomechanics-neuromuscular-control-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-risk-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Vivek Balachandar, Jan-Luigi Marciniak, Owen Wall, Chandrika Balachandar
OBJECTIVE: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury has a devastating impact on physical and psychological disability. Rates of ACL rupture are significantly greater in females than males during the same sports. Hormonal mechanisms have been proposed but are complex and poorly understood. This systematic review evaluates the effects of menstrual cycle on: 1) lower-limb biomechanics, 2) neuromuscular control, and 3) ACL injury risk. METHODS: The MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTSDiscus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases were searched from inception to August 2016 for studies investigating the effects of the menstrual cycle on lower-limb biomechanics, neuromuscular control, and ACL injury risk in females...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717620/the-influence-of-muscle-tendon-forces-on-acl-loading-during-jump-landing-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Katja Oberhofer, S H Hosseini Nasab, Pascal Schütz, Barbara Postolka, Jess G Snedeker, William R Taylor, Renate List
BACKGROUND: The goal of this review is to summarise and discuss the reported influence of muscle-tendon forces on anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) loading during the jump-landing task by means of biomechanical analyses of the healthy knee. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted using different combinations of the terms "knee", "ligament", "load", "tension ", "length", "strain", "elongation" and "lengthening". 26 original articles (n=16 in vitro studies; n=10 in situ studies) were identified which complied with all inclusion/exclusion criteria...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717619/comparison-of-dynamic-postural-stability-scores-between-athletes-with-and-without-chronic-ankle-instability-during-lateral-jump-landing
#12
Zeinab Shiravi, Azadeh Shadmehr, Saeed Talebian Moghadam, Behrouz Attarbashi Moghadam
BACKGROUNDS: Many ankle injuries occur while participating in sports that require jumping and landing such as basketball, volleyball and soccer. Most recent studies have investigated dynamic postural stability of patients with chronic ankle instability after landing from a forward jump. The present study aimed to investigate the dynamic postural stability of the athletes who suffer from chronic ankle sprain while landing from a lateral jump. METHODS: Twelve athletes with self-reported unilateral chronic ankle instability (4 females and 8 males) and 12 matched controls (3 females and 9 males) voluntarily participated in the study...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717618/plantar-fasciitis-in-athletes-diagnostic-and-treatment-strategies-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Federica Petraglia, Ileana Ramazzina, Cosimo Costantino
BACKGROUND: Plantar fasciitis (PF) is reported in different sports mainly in running and soccer athletes. Purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic review of published literature concerning the diagnosis and treatment of PF in both recreational and élite athletes. The review was conducted and reported in accordance with the PRISMA statement. METHODS: The following electronic databases were searched: PubMed, Cochrane Library and Scopus. As far as PF diagnosis, we investigated the electronic databases from January 2006 to June 2016, whereas in considering treatments all data in literature were investigated...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717617/conservative-treatment-for-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-platelet-rich-plasma-and-focused-shock-waves-a-retrospective-study
#14
Davide Erroi, Matilde Sigona, Tania Suarez, Donatella Trischitta, Antonio Pavan, Maria Chiara Vulpiani, Mario Vetrano
BACKGROUND: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) represents a serious challenge for both physiatrists and surgeons. Here we analyse the results obtained by two conservative treatments [platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections and focused extracorporeal shock-wave therapy (ESWT)] in physically active patients with IAT. METHODS: During two consecutive periods, 45 consecutive patients with IAT were treated with 3 sessions of ESWT (2400 impulses at 0.17-0.25 mJ/mm(2) per session) (24 cases between September 2011 and July 2013) or with 2 autologous PRP injections over two weeks (21 cases between September 2013 and July 2015)...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717616/topical-polidocanol-application-in-combination-with-static-stretching-in-tendinopathies-a-prospective-pilot-study
#15
Matthias Gatz, Simone Schrading, Timm Dirrichs, Marcel Betsch, Markus Tingart, Björn Rath, Christiane Kuhl, Valentin Quack
BACKGROUND: Highly operator-based injection therapy with vasosclerosing and anesthetic polidocanol is used for tendinopathies. This pilot-study evaluates the topical application of polidocanol gel. METHODS: Prospective case series. 39 patients with tendinopathies (14 Achilles, 14 patella, 11 wrist extensors) with a symptom duration > 6 months were included. Polidocanol and static stretching were the therapy in the first 2 weeks, while static stretching was continuously performed for 6 months...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717615/outcomes-of-prolotherapy-for-intra-tendinous-achilles-tears-a-case-series
#16
Otto Chan, Ben Havard, Sarah Morton, Mel Pritchard, Nicola Maffulli, Tom Crisp, Nat Padhiar, Jeremy David Perry, John King, Dylan Morrissey
BACKGROUND: The intra-tendinous tear is a new pathology that is defined as a discontinuity of fibres situated entirely within the tendon. Prolotherapy involves injecting an irritant, such as hyperosmolar dextrose, to stimulate a tissue healing response and ultimately reduce pain. METHODS: 43 consecutive patients diagnosed with an intra-tendinous tear were included (27 males: 16 females, mean (SD) age 41 (11.3). Patients were injected with 0.4ml-1.5ml (mean 0.8ml) of 50% dextrose and 0...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717614/activity-level-recovery-after-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture-surgically-repaired-a-series-of-29-patients-with-a-mean-follow-up-of-46-months
#17
Richard Zayni, Raphaël Coursier, Moudasser Zakaria, Jean-François Desrousseaux, Denis Cordonnier, Gilles Polveche
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon rupture is a common injury but its optimal management is still controversial. When decided, surgical repair can be performed by open or percutaneous techniques. Till now, there is no agreement on the ideal type of surgical management. PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of the percutaneous and open surgical treatment for acute Achilles tendon rupture and to assess the postoperative activity level recovery. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2013, 29 patients were surgically treated for acute Achilles tendon rupture in our institution...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717613/morphometric-evaluation-of-human-tendocalcaneus-a-cadaveric-study-of-south-indian-male-population
#18
Naveen Kumar, Ashwini P Aithal, Satheesha B Nayak, Jyothsna Patil, Abhinitha Padavinangadi, Biswa Bina Ray
INTRODUCTION: Tendocalcaneus or Achilles tendon is formed by the fusion of the tendons of gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Normal morphometric measurements of tendo-calcaneus serves an important landmark in its anthropometric evaluation and biomechanical characteristics. Hence the objective of this study was to provide detailed morphometric profile of tendocalcaneus in south indian cadaveric male population. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A total of 64 dissected adult limbs was studied...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717612/intratendinous-tears-of-the-achilles-tendon-a-new-pathology-analysis-of-a-large-4-year-cohort
#19
Otto Chan, Sarah Morton, Mel Pritchard, Tina Parkes, Peter Malliaras, Tom Crisp, Nat Padhiar, Nicola Maffulli, John King, Dylan Morrissey
BACKGROUND: Achillodynia is common and includes Achilles tendinopathy, partial Achilles tears and Achilles tendon ruptures. However, we believe an additional pathology should be considered for Achillodynia differentials - the intratendinous tear (ITT). METHODS: Examinations of 740 achillodynic patients in one specialist centre were reviewed. ITTs were defined as a clearly visualised echopoor area situated centrally and extending to, but not through the tendon periphery, with pain on palpation and no clinical findings consistent with Achilles rupture...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717611/conservative-minimally-invasive-and-open-surgical-repair-for-management-of-acute-ruptures-of-the-achilles-tendon-a-clinical-and-functional-retrospective-study
#20
Gayle Maffulli, Angelo Del Buono, Paula Richards, Francesco Oliva, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: At present, it is unclear which is the best management for Achilles tendon rupture. PURPOSE: We assess the clinical, functional and imaging outcomes of active patients undergoing 3 different types of management for acute subcutaneous rupture of the Achilles tendon, including conservative cast immobilization, traditional open surgery and percutaneous repair. METHODS: 26 active patients were managed for a rupture of the Achilles Tendon from January 2007 to March 2008...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
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