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Annals of the American Thoracic Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787309/predicting-intensive-care-unit-readmission-with-machine-learning-using-electronic-health-record-data
#1
Juan C Rojas, Kyle A Carey, Dana P Edelson, Laura R Venable, Michael D Howell, Matthew M Churpek
RATIONALE: Patients transferred from the intensive care unit (ICU) to the wards who are later readmitted to the ICU have increased length of stay, healthcare expenditure, and mortality compared to those who are never readmitted. Improving risk-stratification for patients transferred to the wards could have important benefits for critically ill hospitalized patients. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to use a machine-learning technique to derive and validate an ICU readmission prediction model with variables available in the electronic health record (EHR) in real-time and compare it to previously published algorithms...
May 22, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779392/heterogeneity-in-unclassifiable-interstitial-lung-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Sabina A Guler, Kina Ellison, Mohmmed Algamdi, Harold R Collard, Christopher J Ryerson
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of interstitial lung disease (ILD) is necessary to identify the most appropriate management strategy and to inform prognosis. Many patients cannot be provided a confident diagnosis despite an exhaustive search for potential etiologies and review in a multidisciplinary conference; and are consequently labelled with unclassifiable ILD. OBJECTIVE: to systematically review and meta-analyse previous studies reporting on the diagnostic criteria, prevalence, clinical features, and outcome of unclassifiable ILD...
May 20, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781311/advising-families-in-highly-polluted-settings-challenges-for-clinicians
#3
Wayne F Quillin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767537/response-to-cookstove-trials-and-tribulations-what-is-needed-to-decrease-the-burden-of-household-air-pollution
#4
Cindy M Gray, Emily Colarte, Clara Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767532/reply-response-to-cookstove-trials-and-tribulations-what-is-needed-to-decrease-the-burden-of-household-air-pollution
#5
Kevin Mortimer, John R Balmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742365/association-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-variation-by-age-sex-and-race-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#6
Glaucylara Reis Geovanini, Rui Wang, Jia Weng, Nancy S Jenny, Steven Shea, Matthew Allison, Peter Libby, Susan Redline
RATIONALE: The association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is complex, bi-directional, and may vary across groups. Understanding what cardiovascular risk factors vary in their relationship to OSA across population groups may improve the knowledge of the OSA-related CVD susceptibility. OBJECTIVE: To better understand the heterogeneity of associations, we assessed whether associations of OSA with cardiovascular risk factors vary by age, sex, and race/ethnicity...
May 9, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742359/diagnostic-error-in-the-critically-ill-defining-the-problem-and-exploring-next-steps-to-advance-icu-safety
#7
Paul A Bergl, Rahul S Nanchal, Hardeep Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727199/i-will-not-cry
#8
Jennifer D Leckie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727197/the-cost-of-caring-emotion-burnout-and-psychological-distress-in-critical-care-clinicians
#9
Deena Kelly Costa, Marc Moss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723057/myocardial-infarction-and-ischaemic-stroke-following-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
Kieran J Rothnie, Olivia Connell, Hana Müllerová, Liam Smeeth, Neil Pearce, Ian Douglas, Jennifer K Quint
RATIONALE: Previous studies have suggested that acute exacerbations of COPD may be associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction and ischaemic stroke. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to quantify the increased risks of myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke risk associated with both moderate and severe acute exacerbation, and to investigate factors which may modify these risks. METHODS: We performed a self-controlled case-series to investigate the rates of myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke following acute exacerbation compared to stable time, within individuals...
May 3, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723056/reclassification-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-ards-network-trials
#11
Clara Oromendia, Ilias I Siempos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688756/access-to-supplemental-oxygen-therapy-a-crisis
#12
Valentin Prieto-Centurion, Jerry A Krishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688744/reply-access-to-supplemental-oxygen-therapy-a-crisis
#13
Susan S Jacobs, Kathleen O Lindell, Eileen G Collins, Chris M Garvey, Carme Hernandez, Sally McLaughlin, Ann M Schneidman, Paula M Meek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684288/endobronchial-ultrasound-for-nodal-staging-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-radiologically-normal-mediastinum-a-meta-analysis
#14
Hazem El-Osta, Pushan Jani, Ali Mansour, Philip Rascoe, Syed Jafri
RATIONALE: An accurate assessment of the mediastinal lymph nodes status is essential in the staging and treatment planning of potentially resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). OBJECTIVES: We performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the role of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in detecting occult mediastinal disease in NSCLC with no radiologic mediastinal involvement. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane libraries were searched for studies describing the role of EBUS-TBNA in lung cancer patients with radiologically negative mediastinum...
April 23, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684285/imaging-lung-function-abnormalities-in-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-using-hyperpolarised-gas-ventilation-mri
#15
Laurie J Smith, Noreen West, David Hughes, Helen Marshall, Christopher S Johns, Neil J Stewart, Ho-Fung Chan, Madhwesha Rao, David J Capener, Jody Bray, Guilhem J Collier, Paul Jc Hughes, Graham Norquay, Lynne Schofield, Phil Chetcuti, Eduardo Moya, Jim M Wild
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664674/associations-between-neighborhood-walkability-and-incident-and-ongoing-asthma-in-children
#16
Elinor Simons, Sharon D Dell, Rahim Moineddin, Teresa To
RATIONALE: Childhood asthma has shown variable associations with children's physical activity. Neighborhood walkability captures community features that promote walking and is protective against some chronic conditions, such as obesity and diabetes. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated associations between home neighborhood walkability and incident and ongoing childhood asthma. METHODS: This population-based cohort study used prospectively-collected administrative healthcare data for the province of Ontario housed at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences...
April 17, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652522/realizing-the-paris-climate-agreement-to-improve-cardiopulmonary-health-where-science-meets-policy
#17
Mary B Rice, Nganda Motto Malea, Kent E Pinkerton, Joel Schwartz, Kari C Nadeau, Carol M Browner, Sheldon Whitehouse, George D Thurston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620912/duration-of-home-oxygen-therapy-in-young-children-enrolled-in-an-accountable-care-organization
#18
Don Hayes, Mark L Splaingard, Stephen Cardamone, Rachel Rohrbach, Jennifer Klima, Joseph D Tobias, Dmitry Tumin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611719/early-hospital-readmissions-following-an-acute-exacerbation-of-copd-in-the-nationwide-readmissions-database
#19
David M Jacobs, Katia Noyes, Jiwei Zhao, Walter Gibson, Timothy F Murphy, Sanjay Sethi, Heather M Ochs-Balcom
RATIONALE: Understanding the causes and factors related to readmission for an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) within a nationwide database including all payers and ages can provide valuable input for the development of generalizable readmission reduction strategies. OBJECTIVES: To determine the rates, causes, and predictors for early (3-, 7-, and 30-day) readmission in patients hospitalized with AECOPD in the United States utilizing the Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD) following the initiation of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP) but prior to its expansion to COPD...
April 3, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584453/rural-residence-and-copd-exacerbations-analysis-of-the-spiromics-cohort
#20
Robert M Burkes, Amanda J Gassett, Agathe S Ceppe, Wayne Anderson, Wanda K O'Neal, Prescott G Woodruff, Jerry A Krishnan, R Graham Barr, MeiLan K Han, Fernando J Martinez, Alejandro P Comellas, Allison A Lambert, Joel D Kaufman, Mark T Dransfield, J Michael Wells, Richard E Kanner, Robert Paine, Eugene R Bleecker, Laura M Paulin, Nadia N Hansel, M Bradley Drummond
RATIONALE: Rural residence is associated with poor outcomes in several chronic diseases. The association between rural residence and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine the independent association between rural residence and COPD-related outcomes including COPD exacerbations, airflow obstruction and symptom burden. METHODS: A total of 1684 Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study (SPIROMICS) participants with FEV1/FVC<0...
March 27, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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