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Annals of the American Thoracic Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216740/chronic-asthma-and-bronchitis-without-persistent-airflow-limitation-may-have-been-misclassified-as-copd-using-administrative-data
#1
Jennifer L Perret, Dinh S Bui, Shyamali C Dharmage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216731/alignment-of-inhaled-copd-therapies-with-published-strategies-analysis-of-the-gold-recommendations-in-spiromics
#2
Sohini Ghosh, Wayne H Anderson, Nirupama Putcha, Meilan K Han, Jeffrey L Curtis, Gerard J Criner, Mark T Dransfield, R Graham Barr, Jerry A Krishnan, Stephen C Lazarus, Christopher B Cooper, Robert Paine, Stephen P Peters, Nadia N Hansel, Fernando J Martinez, M Bradley Drummond
RATIONALE: Despite awareness of COPD treatment recommendations, uptake is poor. The Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study (SPIROMICS) spans 2010-2016, providing an opportunity to assess integration of 2011 Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) treatment strategies over time in a large observational cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how COPD treatment aligns with 2011 GOLD strategies and determine factors associated with failure to align with recommendations...
September 14, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213194/association-between-inhaled-corticosteroid-use-and-pulmonary-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-infection
#3
Vincent X Liu, Kevin L Winthrop, Yun Lu, Husham Sharifi, Hekmat U Nasiri, Stephen J Ruoss
RATIONALE: Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) pulmonary disease prevalence is increasing. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between the use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and the likelihood of NTM pulmonary infection among individuals with treated airways disease. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of airway disease subjects with and without NTM pulmonary infection (based on mycobacterial respiratory cultures) between 2000 and 2010 in Northern California...
September 14, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212640/paths-into-sepsis-trajectories-of-pre-sepsis-healthcare-use
#4
Hallie C Prescott, Alicia Carmichael, Kenneth M Langa, Richard Gonzalez, Theodore J Iwashyna
RATIONALE: Sepsis is a leading cause of death and disability whose heterogeneity is often cited as a key impediment to translational progress. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that there are consequential and significant differences in sepsis outcomes that result from differences in a patient's clinical course leading up to sepsis hospitalization. METHODS: Observational cohort study of US Health and Retirement Study (HRS) participants in Medicare (1998-2012); US Veterans Affairs (VA) beneficiaries (2009)...
September 13, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211617/the-differential-influence-of-early-life-weight-gain-on-asthma-risk-in-later-childhood
#5
Dinh S Bui, Jennifer L Perret, Caroline J Lodge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211616/minimal-important-difference-for-physical-activity-and-validity-of-the-international-physical-activity-questionnaire-in-ild
#6
Seo Am Hur, Sabina A Guler, Nasreen Khalil, Pat G Camp, Jordan A Guenette, Jeffrey J Swigris, Christopher J Ryerson
RATIONALE: The optimal method of physical activity measurement has not been determined in patients with fibrotic interstitial lung disease (ILD). OBJECTIVES: To assess the validity, internal consistency, and responsiveness of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire long form (IPAQ-LF) and to estimate the minimal important difference (MID) for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in patients with fibrotic ILD. METHODS: This two-centre prospective cohort study included a convenience sample of 111 outpatients with fibrotic ILD who wore waist and wrist ActiGraph accelerometers for seven consecutive days, followed by self-administration of the IPAQ-LF...
September 13, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211615/silica-exposure-silicosis-and-the-new-osha-silica-standard-what-pulmonologists-need-to-know
#7
Jessica R Deslauriers, Carrie A Redlich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199658/risk-factors-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-surrogate-decision-makers-of-patients-with-chronic-critical-illness
#8
Blair Wendlandt, Agathe Ceppe, Summer Choudhury, Judith E Nelson, Christopher E Cox, Laura C Hanson, Marion Danis, James A Tulsky, Shannon S Carson
RATIONALE: Chronically critically ill patients are often dependent on family members for surrogate decision-making, and these surrogates are at high risk for emotional distress. We hypothesized that patient- and surrogate-specific risk factors for surrogate post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms can be identified early in the course of chronic critical illness. OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for PTSD symptoms in surrogate decision-makers of chronically critically ill patients...
September 10, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199648/sarcoidosis-associated-hospitalizations-in-the-united-states-2002-2012
#9
Aprielle B Wills, Jennifer A Adjemian, Joseph R Fontana, Claudia A Steiner, Shelby Daniel-Wayman, Kenneth N Olivier, D Rebecca Prevots
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 10, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199643/lung-cancer-screening-in-a-safety-net-hospital-implications-of-screening-a-real-world-population-versus-the-national-lung-screening-trial
#10
Jonathan M Iaccarino, Katrina A Steiling, Renda Soylemez Wiener
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 10, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188758/the-burden-of-silicosis-in-michigan-1988-2016
#11
Mary Jo Reilly, Suzanne J Timmer, Kenneth D Rosenman
RATIONALE: Exposure to respirable crystalline silica causes silicosis, a preventable, progressive occupational lung disease. A more rigorous occupational health standard for silica could help protect silica-exposed workers. OBJECTIVE: Describe trends over 29 years of silicosis surveillance in Michigan. METHODS: Michigan law requires the reporting of silicosis. We confirmed the diagnosis of silicosis of reported cases using medical questionnaires, review of medical records and chest radiographs...
September 6, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188737/does-systemic-sclerosis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease-burn-out-specific-phenotypes-of-disease-progression
#12
Sabina A Guler, Tiffany A Winstone, Darra Murphy, Cameron Hague, Jeanette Soon, Nada Sulaiman, Kathy H Li, James Dunne, Pearce G Wilcox, Christopher J Ryerson
RATIONALE: Previous studies have suggested that interstitial lung disease (ILD) progresses most rapidly early in the course of systemic sclerosis-associated (SSc)-ILD and that SSc-ILD is often more stable or even "burned out" after the first four years following diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to determine whether an apparent plateau in pulmonary function decline is due to survival bias and to identify distinct prognostic phenotypes of ILD progression...
September 6, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188173/corticosteroid-use-and-incident-myocardial-infarction-in-adults-hospitalized-for-community-acquired-pneumonia
#13
Roberto Cangemi, Marco Falcone, Gloria Taliani, Camilla Calvieri, Giusy Tiseo, Giulio Francesco Romiti, Giuliano Bertazzoni, Alessio Farcomeni, Francesco Violi
RATIONALE: Previous reports demonstrated that patients hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) present an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI). Corticosteroid treatment lowers CAP morbidity and mortality, but it is not known if it affects in-hospital MI. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the potential interplay between corticosteroids treatment and in-hospital MI in CAP patients Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with CAP referred to the University-Hospital Policlinico Umberto I (Rome, Italy), consecutively recruited and prospectively followed-up until discharge...
September 6, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188172/procedure-preference-and-intention-to-treat-outcomes-after-listing-for-lung-transplantation-among-u-s-adults-a-cohort-study
#14
Michaela R Anderson, Ashley Tabah, Arindam RoyChoudhury, David J Lederer
RATIONALE: Bilateral lung transplantation is widely used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and interstitial lung disease (ILD), based on an expectation of improved survival after transplantation. Yet, waiting list mortality is higher while awaiting bilateral transplantation. The net effect of procedure preference on overall survival is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an unrestricted procedure preference is associated with improved overall outcomes after listing for lung transplantation...
September 6, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153425/addressing-gender-inequality-in-our-disciplines-report-from-the-association-of-pulmonary-critical-care-and-sleep-division-chiefs
#15
Carey C Thomson, Kristin A Riekert, Carol K Bates, Anupam B Jena, Zea Borok, Jennifer W McCallister, Lynn M Schnapp, Vibha N Lama, Monica Kraft, Stephanie D Davis, Patricia Finn, Shannon S Carson, James M Beck, Charles A Powell, Lynn T Tanoue, Naftali Kaminski, Anne E Dixon
Despite the increasing proportion of women in U.S. medical schools, there are relatively few women in leadership positions, and a number of recent publications have highlighted many factors that could contribute to gender inequity and inequality in medicine. The Association of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Division Directors, an organization of Division Directors from across the United States, convened a workshop to review data and obtain input from leaders on the state of gender equity in our field. The workshop identified a number of factors that could contribute to gender inequality and inequity: gender climate (including implicit and perceived biases); disproportionate family responsibilities; lack of women in leadership positions; poor retention of women; and lack of gender equality in compensation...
August 28, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153044/prehospital-care-and-emergency-department-door-to-antibiotic-time-in-sepsis
#16
Ithan D Peltan, Kristina H Mitchell, Kristina E Rudd, Blake A Mann, David J Carlbom, Thomas D Rea, Allison M Butler, Catherine L Hough, Samuel M Brown
RATIONALE: Early antibiotics improve outcomes for septic patients. Factors influencing antibiotic timing in emergency department (ED) sepsis remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: Determine the relationship between septic patients' prehospital level of care and ED door-to-antibiotic time. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study comprised patients admitted from the community to an academic ED June 2009 to February 2015 with fluid-refractory sepsis or septic shock...
August 28, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141969/looking-for-predictors-of-early-readmission-in-copd-every-effort-is-required
#17
Ernesto Crisafulli, Mónica Guerrero, Antonella Ielpo, Alfredo Chetta, Antoni Torres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141964/reply-looking-for-predictors-of-early-readmission-in-copd-every-effort-is-required
#18
David M Jacobs, Sanjay Sethi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134120/the-phillip-morris-foundation-for-a-smokefree-world-a-cause-for-concern
#19
Daniel S Goldberg, David J Lederer, Ellen J MacKenzie, Marc Moss, Jonathan M Samet, Paul T Schumacker, Jadwiga A Wedzicha, Matthew K Wynia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134117/palliative-care-in-advanced-lung-diseases-a-void-that-needs-filling
#20
Rosechelle Ruggiero, Lynn F Reinke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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