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Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922571/interprofessional-oral-health-initiative-in-a-nondental-american-indian-setting
#1
Kate L Murphy, Laura S Larsson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tooth decay is the most common chronic childhood disease and American Indian (AI) children are at increased risk. Pediatric primary care providers are in an opportune position to reduce tooth decay. The purpose of this study was to integrate and evaluate a pediatric oral health project in an AI, pediatric primary care setting. METHODS: The intervention set included caregiver education, caries risk assessment, and a same-day dental home referral...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875593/implementing-an-evidence-based-clinical-decision-support-tool-to-improve-the-detection-evaluation-and-referral-patterns-of-adult-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-in-primary-care
#2
Mary E Regan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is undertreated and under-recognized in primary care. The majority of primary care providers (PCPs) are not aware or knowledgeable of current CKD guidelines. The purpose of this project was to develop a quality improvement intervention for PCPs through the delivery of evidence-based guidelines at the point of care. METHODS: An evidence-based clinical algorithm was developed in the electronic medical record for providers to access within one organization comprising 11 primary care offices with 80 PCPs...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857491/gender-differences-in-nurse-practitioner-salaries
#3
Jessica Greene, Majeda M El-Banna, Linda A Briggs, Jeongyoung Park
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While male nurses have been shown to earn considerably more than female nurses, there is less evidence on gender disparities in salary among nurse practitioners (NPs). This study examines whether the gender gap in NP salaries persists after controlling for differences in work setting and demographic factors. METHODS: We analyzed the relationship between gender and salary (2011 pretax earnings) among 6591 NPs working as NPs at least 35 h per week, using the 2012 National Sample Survey of Nurse Practitioners...
August 31, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857487/improving-the-care-of-veterans-the-role-of-nurse-practitioners-in-team-based-population-health-management
#4
Alexandra Hobson, Alexa Curtis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Improving healthcare delivery for U.S. veterans is a national priority. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) employs a variety of team-based, population health strategies to address critical issues in veterans' health including the effective management of chronic disease. Nurse practitioners (NPs) are integral members of the VHA patient care team with a substantial role to play in the organization and delivery of healthcare services for veterans. This report explores the contributions of NPs in team-based, population health strategies within the VHA...
August 31, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845575/the-common-practice-of-curbside-consultation-a-systematic-review
#5
Amy Papermaster, Jane Dimmitt Champion
PURPOSE: Point-of-care information needs for nurse practitioners are tremendous. A phenomenon often referred to as curbside consultation (CC) with colleagues is an information source for point-of-care clinical decision making. This literature review was conducted to describe: (a) characteristics of CC, (b) consistency of CC definition, and (c) attitudes about CC among health professionals using this information source for point-of-care clinical decision making. METHODS: This literature review includes research conducted from 1980 to 2016 concerning CC among health professionals...
August 28, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845555/nurse-practitioner-led-transitional-care-interventions-an-integrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Kathlyen Mora, Xiomara M Dorrejo, Kimberly Mae Carreon, Sadia Butt
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronically ill patients 65 and above have an increased risk of preventable readmission within 30 days of discharge from the hospital. The Transitional Care Model (TCM) introduced by Naylor and colleagues was implemented to improve the transition between hospital and home while decreasing readmissions. This article examines whether nurse practitioner (NP)- led TCM interventions as compared to standard care decrease hospital readmission rates in older adults. METHODS: A literature review was conducted from June 2016 to March 2017 using Cochrane Library, PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Health Literature (CINAHL) PLUS, Joanna Briggs Institute, and ProQuest Central to seek out the highest level of evidence...
August 28, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840965/a-vitamin-d-protocol-post-liver-transplantation
#7
Cristin Grant
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adults with compromised liver function are inherently deficient and especially vulnerable to the consequences of vitamin D deficiency. Consequences of vitamin D deficiency include liver disease progression, infection, and graft failure. A vitamin D supplementation protocol is proposed to systematically optimize serum vitamin D levels according to guidelines in both pre- and post-liver transplanted patients. METHODS: This quasiexperimental study included a sample of N = 45 post-liver transplanted patients taking daily cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) 2500 units for 12 weeks, with a pre- and post-lab measure of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels at a large academic facility...
August 25, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834324/use-of-spiritual-coping-strategies-by-gender-race-ethnicity-and-religion-at-1-and-3-months-after-infant-s-child-s-intensive-care-unit-death
#8
Dawn M Hawthorne, JoAnne M Youngblut, Dorothy Brooten
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In the United States, 57,000 children (newborn to 18 years) die annually. Bereaved parents may rely on religious or spiritual beliefs in their grief. The study's purpose was to examine differences in parents' use of spiritual and religious coping practices by gender, race/ethnicity, and religion at 1 and 3 months after infant/ICU death. METHODS: The sample consisted of 165 bereaved parents, 78% minority. The Spiritual Coping Strategies Scale was used to measure religious and spiritual coping practices, separately...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805350/predicting-student-success-in-nurse-practitioner-programs
#9
Angela Richard-Eaglin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Criteria for admission to nurse practitioner (NP) and other professional programs provide a snapshot of students' potential for success in those programs. Critical examination of admission criteria is a vital component of ensuring timely matriculation and completion of NP programs. The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between admission criteria and student progression and completion of NP programs. METHODS: A retrospective review of 150 randomly selected student records from a total of 232 available records was conducted...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805305/systematic-review-of-provider-involvement-in-heart-failure-self-care-interventions
#10
Rebecca Bryant, Amanda Alonzo, Hanna Schmillen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Heart failure is a global concern impacting patient outcomes. Self-care interventions improve self-care behaviors in heart failure patients. The impact of direct provider involvement on patient self-care outcomes is unknown in research. The purpose is to review self-care interventions for adults with heart failure and describe direct provider involvement versus no direct provider involvement on patient self-care behaviors. METHODS: Review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772017/an-initiative-to-improve-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-adults-with-type-ii-diabetes-based-on-the-acc-aha-2013-and-ada-2016-guidelines
#11
Litzie Garza, Jean Dols, Maria Gillespie
PURPOSE: This project was designed to increase family practice clinicians' adherence to the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (2013) and American Diabetes Association (ADA, 2016) clinical practice guidelines for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in 40- to 75-year-old adults with type II diabetes (DMII) through interactive education, an electronic alert, and quality improvement sessions on the treatment and management of cholesterol in a family practice primary care setting...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771962/prescribing-by-nurse-practitioners-insights-from-a-new-zealand-study
#12
Betty Poot, Rebecca Zonneveld, Katherine Nelson, Mark Weatherall
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nurse practitioners (NPs) in New Zealand have been able to prescribe medicines since 2001; however, little is known about their prescribing practice. This study describes the NPs who prescribe community-dispensed medicines, the patients, and identifies the most frequently prescribed medications. METHODS: A retrospective search of the Ministry of Health pharmaceutical collection was completed from 2013 to 2015. NP registration number, patient age, gender, deprivation index, and the name and date of dispensed medication, including the New Zealand pharmaceutical schedule therapeutic group, were identified...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731291/critical-questions-advancing-the-health-of-female-veterans
#13
Lisa Muirhead, Priscilla Hall, Cedrella Jones-Taylor, Gari D Clifford, Tasha Felton-Williams, Kathy Williams
PURPOSE: Women are the fastest growing Veteran population in the United States and many receive all or part of their health care outside of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The purpose of this article is to review the healthcare issues of women Veterans and discuss implications for care. DATA SOURCES: Review of selected literature, VA resources and guidelines, and expert opinion. CONCLUSIONS: Few providers are aware of the impact military service has on the health of women and fail to ask the all-important question, "Have you served in the military?" Recognizing women's military service can reveal important information that can answer perplexing clinical questions, aid in designing comprehensive plans of care, and enable women to receive the assistance needed to address complex physical and psychosocial issues to improve the quality of their lives...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722321/postsplenectomy-vaccination-guideline-adherence-opportunities-for-improvement
#14
Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Jodi Wojcik, Kimberly Broughton-Miller, Karina Pentecost, Michelle Frisbie, Stanley Kotey, Deborah Niyongabo, Matthew Benns, Anupama Raghuram, M Cynthia Logsdon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients undergoing splenectomy for trauma are at life-long risk for rapidly progressive septicemia. The purpose of this study was to investigate long-term patient understanding and follow-up with recommendations regarding their asplenia. METHODS: Patients undergoing splenectomy for trauma January 2010-December 2014 were analyzed. Medical records were reviewed and telephone follow-up interviews were conducted in October-December 2015. Patients were asked a standard set of questions that included hospitalizations, awareness of infectious risks associated with asplenia, need for revaccination, and vaccines they had received since their index hospitalization...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682510/key-considerations-for-moving-to-a-nurse-faculty-role-a-dean-s-perspective
#15
Julie Marfell, Patricia C Mc Mullen, Marie-Eileen Onieal, Monica Scheibmeir, Elizabeth Hawkins-Walsh
Expert nurse practitioners (NPs) grounded in clinical practice are needed to prepare the future NPs. This article discusses key considerations for moving from the role of expert clinician to nurse educator. The considerations for making the move to the educator role including reflection on rewards associated with teaching, similarities between practice and education, faculty support, and role responsibilities are presented from a dean's perspective. The typical hiring process is discussed including what questions may be asked of the faculty candidate as well as what questions should be asked by the faculty candidate...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660736/how-to-write-abstracts-for-manuscripts-presentations-and-grants-maximizing-information-in-a-30-s-sound-bite-world
#16
Patricia F Pearce, Laurie Anne Ferguson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Exponential growth of published conference and manuscript material, increasingly available electronic access, and heightened expectations for short, quick, and available information have propelled the written abstract into a position of extreme importance for nurse practitioners (NPs). NPs can leverage their abstract writing, to maximize exposure of their work, through presentations, publications, and grants. The purpose of this article is to detail the significance of abstract use and relevance for NPs, and to provide useful details and helpful hints for writing effective and strategic abstracts in a heavily electronic and 30-s sound bite world...
June 29, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657658/successful-design-and-delivery-of-a-professional-poster
#17
Judith Berg, Rod Hicks
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Poster presentations are increasingly popular for dissemination of scientific and clinical knowledge at professional meetings; however, this professional skill is generally absent from advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) curricula and acquisition of the skill must occur in other arenas. The purpose of this article is to promote professional development by educating APRNs, students, and faculty on the essentials of poster development and presentation. METHODS: To aid in poster presentation skill development, types of posters, advantages and disadvantages, content and design, and tips to enhance these presentations are discussed...
June 28, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649770/precepting-nurse-practitioner-students-a-new-view-results-of-two-national-surveys-of-nurse-practitioner-preceptors
#18
Mary Ellen Roberts, Kathy J Wheeler, Diane O Tyler, Diane L Padden
PURPOSE: The aim of two national studies was to identify characteristics of nurse practitioners (NPs) who precept and the benefits, incentives, and barriers associated with the NP preceptor role. METHODS: Stratified randomized sampling was used to invite a representative number of NPs from each state to participate in a 2015 survey and a follow-up survey in 2016. These descriptive, exploratory studies distributed electronic questionnaires to 5000 randomly selected NPs in the 2015 survey and 40,000 NPs in the 2016 survey...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649739/professional-organization-membership-advancing-the-nurse-practitioner-role
#19
Mary Jo Goolsby, Janet C DuBois
With a paucity of literature on professional organization membership by nurse practitioners (NPs), the authors base the discussion of the personal benefits associated with membership on literature focusing on clinicians other than NPs and their personal experiences as members of multiple organizations. Membership is described as related to NP socialization, engagement, networking, mentorship, advocacy, policy, leadership development, research dissemination, professional development, and volunteerism. In addition to encouraging active participation in one or more professional organizations, the need for research into factors influencing the degree to which NPs participate in organizations and the associated benefits is identified...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649737/quality-measures-for-nurse-practitioner-practice-evaluation
#20
Ruth Kleinpell, April N Kapu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Evaluating the impact of nurse practitioner (NP) practice has become a priority area of focus for demonstrating outcomes. A number of quality measures are available to enable practice-specific evaluation of NP roles and initiatives. This article reviews sources of quality measures that can be used to facilitate quantifying the outcomes of NP practice as part of an overall evaluation agenda. METHODS: National resources and published literature on NP quality measures were reviewed...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
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