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BioMed Research International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101516/postocclusive-hyperemia-measured-with-laser-doppler-flowmetry-and-transcutaneous-oxygen-tension-in-the-diagnosis-of-primary-raynaud-s-phenomenon-a-prospective-controlled-study
#1
Paweł Maga, Brandon Michael Henry, Elizabeth K Kmiotek, Iwona Gregorczyk-Maga, Paweł Kaczmarczyk, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Rafał Niżankowski
The aim of this study was to measure the sensitivity and specificity of transcutaneous oxygen tension and postocclusive hyperemia testing using laser Doppler flowmetry in patients with primary Raynaud's phenomenon. One hundred patients and one hundred controls were included in the study. Baseline microvascular blood flow and then time to peak flow following occlusion were measured using laser Doppler flowmetry. Afterwards, the transcutaneous oxygen tension was recorded. The sensitivities of baseline microvascular blood flow, postocclusive time to peak flow, and transcutaneous oxygen tension were 79%, 79%, and 77%, respectively...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101515/signaling-pathways-in-cardiac-myocyte-apoptosis
#2
REVIEW
Peng Xia, Yuening Liu, Zhaokang Cheng
Cardiovascular diseases, the number 1 cause of death worldwide, are frequently associated with apoptotic death of cardiac myocytes. Since cardiomyocyte apoptosis is a highly regulated process, pharmacological intervention of apoptosis pathways may represent a promising therapeutic strategy for a number of cardiovascular diseases and disorders including myocardial infarction, ischemia/reperfusion injury, chemotherapy cardiotoxicity, and end-stage heart failure. Despite rapid growth of our knowledge in apoptosis signaling pathways, a clinically applicable treatment targeting this cellular process is currently unavailable...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101514/-18-f-fdg-uptake-in-the-aortic-wall-smooth-muscle-of-atherosclerotic-plaques-in-the-simian-atherosclerosis-model
#3
Takayuki Iwaki, Hiroshi Mizuma, Kazuya Hokamura, Hirotaka Onoe, Kazuo Umemura
Atherosclerosis is a self-sustaining inflammatory fibroproliferative disease that progresses in discrete stages and involves a number of cell types and effector molecules. Recently, [(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose- ([(18)F]FDG-) positron emission tomography (PET) has been suggested as a tool to evaluate atherosclerotic plaques by detecting accumulated macrophages associated with inflammation progress. However, at the cellular level, it remains unknown whether only macrophages exhibit high uptake of [(18)F]FDG...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101513/comparison-of-sexual-knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-between-female-chinese-college-students-from-urban-areas-and-rural-areas-a-hidden-challenge-for-hiv-aids-control-in-china
#4
Min Chen, Yong Liao, Jia Liu, Wenjie Fang, Nan Hong, Xiaofei Ye, Jianjun Li, Qinglong Tang, Weihua Pan, Wanqing Liao
Currently, research in sexual behavior and awareness in female Chinese college students (FCCSs) is limited, particularly regarding the difference and the influencing factors between students from rural areas and urban areas. To fill the gap in available data, a cross-sectional study using anonymous questionnaires was conducted among 3193 female students from six universities located in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou, China, from February to June, 2013. Of the 2669 respondents, 20.6% and 20.9% of the students from urban and rural areas, respectively, reported being sexually experienced...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101512/analysis-of-carbon-fiber-reinforced-peek-hinge-mechanism-articulation-components-in-a-rotating-hinge-knee-design-a-comparison-of-in-vitro-and-retrieval-findings
#5
Ronja A Schierjott, Alexander Giurea, Hans-Joachim Neuhaus, Jens Schwiesau, Andreas M Pfaff, Sandra Utzschneider, Gianluca Tozzi, Thomas M Grupp
Carbon fiber reinforced poly-ether-ether-ketone (CFR-PEEK) represents a promising alternative material for bushings in total knee replacements, after early clinical failures of polyethylene in this application. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the damage modes and the extent of damage observed on CFR-PEEK hinge mechanism articulation components after in vivo service in a rotating hinge knee (RHK) system and to compare the results with corresponding components subjected to in vitro wear tests...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101511/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-and-minimal-access-spinal-surgery-compared-in-anterior-thoracic-or-thoracolumbar-junctional-spinal-reconstruction-a-case-control-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Ching-Yu Lee, Meng-Huang Wu, Yen-Yao Li, Chin-Chang Cheng, Chien-Yin Lee, Tsung-Jen Huang
There are no published reports that compare the outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and minimal access spinal surgery (MASS) in anterior spinal reconstruction. We conducted a retrospective case-control study in a single center and systematically reviewed the literature to compare the efficacy and safety of VATS and MASS in anterior thoracic (T) and thoracolumbar junctional (TLJ) spinal reconstruction. From 1995 to 2012, there were 111 VATS patients and 76 MASS patients treated at our hospital...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101510/roles-of-prb-in-the-regulation-of-nucleosome-and-chromatin-structures
#7
REVIEW
Chiharu Uchida
Retinoblastoma protein (pRB) interacts with E2F and other protein factors to play a pivotal role in regulating the expression of target genes that induce cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and differentiation. pRB controls the local promoter activity and has the ability to change the structure of nucleosomes and/or chromosomes via histone modification, epigenetic changes, chromatin remodeling, and chromosome organization. Functional inactivation of pRB perturbs these cellular events and causes dysregulated cell growth and chromosome instability, which are hallmarks of cancer cells...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101509/expression-profile-of-long-noncoding-rnas-in-human-earlobe-keloids-a-microarray-analysis
#8
Liang Guo, Kai Xu, Hongbo Yan, Haifeng Feng, Linlin Chai, Guozheng Xu
Background. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play key roles in a wide range of biological processes and their deregulation results in human disease, including keloids. Earlobe keloid is a type of pathological skin scar, and the molecular pathogenesis of this disease remains largely unknown. Methods. In this study, microarray analysis was used to determine the expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs between 3 pairs of earlobe keloid and normal specimens. Gene Ontology (GO) categories and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed to identify the main functions of the differentially expressed genes and earlobe keloid-related pathways...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101508/animal-models-of-human-pathology-2016
#9
EDITORIAL
Monica Fedele, Oreste Gualillo, Andrea Vecchione
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101507/assessing-the-contribution-of-the-oscillatory-potentials-to-the-genesis-of-the-photopic-erg-with-the-discrete-wavelet-transform
#10
Mathieu Gauvin, Allison L Dorfman, Nataly Trang, Mercedes Gauthier, John M Little, Jean-Marc Lina, Pierre Lachapelle
The electroretinogram (ERG) is composed of slow (i.e., a-, b-waves) and fast (i.e., oscillatory potentials: OPs) components. OPs have been shown to be preferably affected in some diseases (such as diabetic retinopathy), while the a- and b-waves remain relatively intact. The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of OPs to the building of the ERG and to examine whether a signal mostly composed of OPs could also exist. DWT analyses were performed on photopic ERGs (flash intensities: -2.23 to 2...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101506/functional-characterization-of-the-n-terminal-c2-domain-from-arabidopsis-thaliana-phospholipase-d%C3%AE-and-d%C3%AE
#11
Renaud Rahier, Alexandre Noiriel, Abdelkarim Abousalham
Most of plant phospholipases D (PLD) exhibit a C2-lipid binding domain of around 130 amino acid residues at their N-terminal region, involved in their Ca(2+)-dependent membrane binding. In this study, we expressed and partially purified catalytically active PLDα from Arabidopsis thaliana (AtPLDα) in the yeast Pichia pastoris. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the recombinant AtPLDα was found to be NVEETIGV and thus to lack the first 35 amino acid belonging to the C2 domain, as found in other recombinant or plant purified PLDs...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101505/gaps-in-the-continuum-of-hiv-care-long-pretreatment-waiting-time-between-hiv-diagnosis-and-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-leads-to-poor-treatment-adherence-and-outcomes
#12
Shu Su, Shifu Li, Shunxiang Li, Liangmin Gao, Ying Cai, Jincui Fu, Chunyuan Guo, Jun Jing, Liang Chen, Limin Mao, Feng Cheng, Lei Zhang
Background. Criteria for antiretroviral treatment (ART) were adjusted to enable early HIV treatment for people living HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in China in recent years. This study aims to determine how pretreatment waiting time after HIV confirmation affects subsequent adherence and outcomes over the course of treatment. Methods. A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted using treatment data from PLHIV in Yuxi, China, between January 2004 and December 2015. Results. Of 1,663 participants, 348 were delayed testers and mostly initiated treatment within 28 days...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101504/voltage-dependent-inactivation-of-mscs-occurs-independently-of-the-positively-charged-residues-in-the-transmembrane-domain
#13
Takeshi Nomura, Masahiro Sokabe, Kenjiro Yoshimura
MscS (mechanosensitive channel of small conductance) is ubiquitously found among bacteria and plays a major role in avoiding cell lysis upon rapid osmotic downshock. The gating of MscS is modulated by voltage, but little is known about how MscS senses membrane potential. Three arginine residues (Arg-46, Arg-54, and Arg-74) in the transmembrane (TM) domain are possible to respond to voltage judging from the MscS structure. To examine whether these residues are involved in the voltage dependence of MscS, we neutralized the charge of each residue by substituting with asparagine (R46N, R54N, and R74N)...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097154/a-comparative-chemical-study-of-calcium-silicate-containing-and-epoxy-resin-based-root-canal-sealers
#14
Przemysław Reszka, Alicja Nowicka, Mariusz Lipski, Włodzimierz Dura, Agnieszka Droździk, Krzysztof Woźniak
Objective. The present study assessed the chemical elements in two novel calcium silicate-containing root canal sealers, BioRoot RCS and Well-Root ST, compared to a calcium silicate-containing root canal sealer that has been on the market for several years, MTA Fillapex, and epoxy resin-based sealer AHPlus. Material and Methods. The sealers were mixed and manipulated according to the manufacturers' instructions. Twelve cylindrical molds (inner diameter 4 mm; height 3 mm) were placed on a glass petri dish and packed with the materials...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097153/effects-of-renal-ischemic-postconditioning-on-myocardial-ultrastructural-organization-and-myocardial-expression-of-bcl-2-bax-in-rabbits
#15
Wen-Zhong Zhang, Rong Li, Song Liu, Ji-Dong Zhang, Xian-Feng Ning, Shang-Lang Cai
We investigated the cardioprotective effect of renal ischemic postconditioning (RI-PostC) and its mechanisms in a rabbit model. Rabbits underwent 60 min of left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion (LADO) and 6 h of reperfusion. The ischemia-reperfusion (IR) group underwent LADO and reperfusion only. In the RI-PostC group, the left renal artery underwent 3 cycles of occlusion for 30 seconds and release for 30 seconds, before the coronary artery was reperfused. In the RI-PostC + GF109203X group, the rabbits received 0...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097152/corrigendum-to-transmission-model-of-hepatitis-b-virus-with-the-migration-effect
#16
Muhammad Altaf Khan, Saeed Islam, Muhammad Arif, Zahoor Ul Haq
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2013/150681.].
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097151/identification-of-potential-key-lncrnas-and-genes-associated-with-aging-based-on-microarray-data-of-adipocytes-from-mice
#17
Yi Yang, Zongyan Teng, Songyan Meng, Weigang Yu
Objective. This study aimed to screen potential crucial lncRNAs and genes involved in aging. Methods. The data of 9 peripheral white adipocytes, respectively, taken from male C57BL/6J mice (6 months, 14 months, and 18 months of age) in GSE25905 were used in this study. Differentially time series expressed lncRNA genes (DE-lncRNAs) and mRNA genes (DEGs) were identified. After cluster analysis of lncRNAs expression pattern, target genes of DE-lncRNAs were predicted from the DEGs, and functional analysis for target genes was conducted...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097150/a-naphthalenic-derivative-nd-1-inhibits-thrombus-formation-by-interfering-the-binding-of-fibrinogen-to-integrin-%C3%AE-iib%C3%AE-3
#18
Xue Ding, Tong-Dan Liu, Zhou-Ling Xie, Qi Zhao, Yuan Cao, Xiao-Dong Liu, Cai-Hui Wang, Rwibasira Rudinga Gamariel, Xin Ming, Zhi-Yu Li, Yi Kong
Integrin αIIbβ3 plays a crucial role in the process of platelet aggregation. Three integrin αIIbβ3 antagonists (abciximab, eptifibatide, and tirofiban) have been approved by FDA for clinical use. Unfortunately, they all showed severe side effects such as thrombocytopenia and bleeding risk. Thus, researches on the development of more effective and safer antiplatelet agents are needed. In this manuscript we reported a novel naphthalenic derivative compound ND-1 with potent antithrombotic effect and lower bleeding risk...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097149/benefit-of-leukocyte-and-platelet-rich-plasma-in-operative-wound-closure-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#19
Agata Cieślik-Bielecka, Justyna Glik, Rafał Skowroński, Tomasz Bielecki
This article reports the influence of an autologous leukocyte- and platelet-rich plasma (L-PRP) injection as a minimally invasive method on supporting wound healing processes after a mandibular odontogenic cystectomy and double mandibular fracture fixation. 113 patients were enrolled into a control group (received no L-PRP injection) and 102 patients were enrolled into an L-PRP group with an oral mucosa incision. 18 patients after a double mandibular fracture were operated on using 2 external submandibular approaches receiving no fluids in the right site (a control group) and an L-PRP injection in the left incision (L-PRP group)...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097148/exercise-physiology-cognitive-function-and-physiologic-alterations-in-extreme-conditions-2016
#20
EDITORIAL
Ellen L Glickman, Edward J Ryan, David Bellar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BioMed Research International
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