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JMIR Research Protocols

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908845/design-response-rates-and-population-characteristics-of-a-cross-sectional-study-in-zanzibar-tanzania
#1
Maria Adam Nyangasa, Soerge Kelm, Mohammed Ali Sheikh, Antje Hebestreit
BACKGROUND: Data on nutritional status and correlates of noncommunicable diseases are scarce for resource-poor settings in sub-Saharan countries. With the scope of a project, "Access to Food and Nutrition Status of the Zanzibari Population," data for investigating public health questions were collected using proven measurement and laboratory standards. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims at providing a descriptive overview of recruitment approaches, standardization, quality control measures, and data collection, with special attention to the design, responses, and participant characteristics of the overall project...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903490/can-a-free-wearable-activity-tracker-change-behavior-the-impact-of-trackers-on-adults-in-a-physician-led-wellness-group
#2
Lisa Gualtieri, Sandra Rosenbluth, Jeffrey Phillips
BACKGROUND: Wearable activity trackers (trackers) are increasingly popular devices used to track step count and other health indicators. Trackers have the potential to benefit those in need of increased physical activity, such as adults who are older and face significant health challenges. These populations are least likely to purchase trackers and most likely to face challenges in using them, yet may derive educational, motivational, and health benefits from their use once these barriers are removed...
November 30, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899341/quality-of-mobile-phone-and-tablet-mobile-apps-for-speech-sound-disorders-protocol-for-an-evidence-based-appraisal
#3
Lisa M Furlong, Meg E Morris, Shane Erickson, Tanya A Serry
BACKGROUND: Although mobile apps are readily available for speech sound disorders (SSD), their validity has not been systematically evaluated. This evidence-based appraisal will critically review and synthesize current evidence on available therapy apps for use by children with SSD. OBJECTIVE: The main aims are to (1) identify the types of apps currently available for Android and iOS mobile phones and tablets, and (2) to critique their design features and content using a structured quality appraisal tool...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899339/engaging-moms-on-teen-indoor-tanning-through-social-media-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Sherry L Pagoto, Katie Baker, Julia Griffith, Jessica L Oleski, Ashley Palumbo, Barbara J Walkosz, Joel Hillhouse, Kimberly L Henry, David B Buller
BACKGROUND: Indoor tanning elevates the risk for melanoma, which is now the most common cancer in US women aged 25-29. Public policies restricting access to indoor tanning by minors to reduce melanoma morbidity and mortality in teens are emerging. In the United States, the most common policy restricting indoor tanning in minors involves parents providing either written or in person consent for the minor to purchase a tanning visit. The effectiveness of this policy relies on parents being properly educated about the harms of indoor tanning to their children...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899338/high-touch-and-high-tech-ht2-proposal-transforming-patient-engagement-throughout-the-continuum-of-care-by-engaging-patients-with-portal-technology-at-the-bedside
#5
Ann Scheck McAlearney, Cynthia J Sieck, Jennifer L Hefner, Alison M Aldrich, Daniel M Walker, Milisa K Rizer, Susan D Moffatt-Bruce, Timothy R Huerta
BACKGROUND: For patients with complex care needs, engagement in disease management activities is critical. Chronic illnesses touch almost every person in the United States. The costs are real, personal, and pervasive. In response, patients often seek tools to help them manage their health. Patient portals, personal health records tethered to an electronic health record, show promise as tools that patients value and that can improve health. Although patient portals currently focus on the outpatient experience, the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center (OSUWMC) has deployed a portal designed specifically for the inpatient experience that is connected to the ambulatory patient portal available after discharge...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895004/predictors-of-vascular-cognitive-impairment-poststroke-in-a-middle-eastern-bahrain-cohort-a-proposed-case-control-comparison
#6
Claire Donnellan, Mona Al Banna, Noor Redha, Adel Al Jishi, Isa Al Sharoqi, Safa Taha, Moiz Bakhiet, Fatema Abdulla, Patrick Walsh
BACKGROUND: Poststroke dementia and cognitive impairment are associated with poor long-term outcomes after stroke. The contribution of genetic factors such as the presence of apolipoprotein (ApoE) ɛ4 allele and its association with cognitive impairment poststroke remains inconclusive, particularly in Middle Eastern regions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine all correlates and potential predictors of cognitive impairment including self-awareness and regulation deficits in stroke patients and compare these functions with healthy older adults from a Middle Eastern population...
November 28, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895003/effect-on-nitrogen-balance-thermogenesis-body-composition-satiety-and-circulating-branched-chain-amino-acid-levels-up-to-one-year-after-surgery-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-dietary-protein-during-surgical-weight-loss
#7
Violeta Moizé, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Josep Vidal, Patricia Miner, Yves Boirie, Blandine Laferrère
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery (BS), the most effective treatment for severe obesity, typically results in 40-50 kg weight loss in the year following the surgery. Beyond its action on protein metabolism, dietary protein intake (PI) affects satiety, thermogenesis, energy efficiency, and body composition (BC). However, the required amount of PI after surgical weight loss is not known. The current daily PI recommendation for diet-induced weight loss is 0.8 g/kg ideal body weight (IBW) per day, but whether this amount is sufficient to preserve fat-free mass during active surgical weight loss is unknown...
November 28, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884813/development-and-feasibility-testing-of-prompt-care-an-ehealth-system-for-collection-and-use-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-personalized-treatment-and-care-a-study-protocol
#8
Afaf Girgis, Geoff P Delaney, Anthony Arnold, Alexis Andrew Miller, Janelle V Levesque, Nasreen Kaadan, Martin G Carolan, Nicole Cook, Kenneth Masters, Thomas T Tran, Tiffany Sandell, Ivana Durcinoska, Martha Gerges, Sandra Avery, Weng Ng, Stephen Della-Fiorentina, Haryana M Dhillon, Ashley Maher
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures have been used widely to screen for depression, anxiety, and symptoms in cancer patients. Computer-based applications that collect patients' responses and transfer them to the treating health professional in real time have the potential to improve patient well-being and cancer outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study will test the feasibility and acceptability of a newly developed eHealth system which facilitates PRO data capture from cancer patients, data linkage and retrieval to support clinical decisions and patient self-management, and data retrieval to support ongoing evaluation and innovative research...
November 24, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881360/an-observational-registry-of-carotid-endarterectomy-and-carotid-artery-stenting-in-brazil-study-protocol
#9
Edwaldo Edner Joviliano, Winston Bonetti Yoshida, Marcone Lima Sobreira, Regina Moura, Ana Terezinha Guillaumon, Selma Regina De Oliveira Raymundo, Daniel Gustavo Miquelin, Ludvig Hafner, Marcelo Jose Almeida
BACKGROUND: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) are alternative strategies for stroke prevention in patients with atherosclerotic carotid disease. CEA has been considered the first-line treatment for carotid stenosis worldwide, and the safety and efficacy of CAS compared to CEA remains in question. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare the practice and outcomes of CAS and CEA in a real-world setting within public university hospitals in Brazil...
November 23, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876685/efficacy-of-mobile-serious-games-in-increasing-hiv-risk-perception-in-swaziland-a-randomized-control-trial-sgprev-trial-research-protocol
#10
Bhekumusa Wellington Lukhele, Patou Musumari, Christina El-Saaidi, Teeranee Techasrivichien, S Pilar Suguimoto, Masako Ono Kihara, Masahiro Kihara
BACKGROUND: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) continue to be a major public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), particularly in Swaziland, which has the highest HIV prevalence in this region. A wide range of strategies and interventions have been used to promote behavior change, though almost all such interventions have involved mass media. Therefore, innovative behavior change strategies beyond mass media communication are urgently needed...
November 22, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872037/internet-based-delivery-of-evidence-based-health-promotion-programs-among-american-indian-and-alaska-native-youth-a-case-study
#11
Christine M Markham, Stephanie Craig Rushing, Cornelia Jessen, Gwenda Gorman, Jennifer Torres, William E Lambert, Alexander V Prokhorov, Leslie Miller, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Robert C Addy, Melissa F Peskin, Ross Shegog
BACKGROUND: American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth face multiple health challenges compared to other racial/ethnic groups, which could potentially be ameliorated by the dissemination of evidence-based adolescent health promotion programs. Previous studies have indicated that limited trained personnel, cultural barriers, and geographic isolation may hinder the reach and implementation of evidence-based health promotion programs among AI/AN youth. Although Internet access is variable in AI/AN communities across the United States, it is swiftly and steadily improving, and it may provide a viable strategy to disseminate evidence-based health promotion programs to this underserved population...
November 21, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864167/testing-the-feasibility-of-remote-patient-monitoring-in-prenatal-care-using-a-mobile-app-and-connected-devices-a-prospective-observational-trial
#12
Kathryn I Marko, Jill M Krapf, Andrew C Meltzer, Julia Oh, Nihar Ganju, Anjali G Martinez, Sheetal G Sheth, Nancy D Gaba
BACKGROUND: Excessive weight gain and elevated blood pressure are significant risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes such as gestational diabetes, premature birth, and preeclampsia. More effective strategies to facilitate adherence to gestational weight gain goals and monitor blood pressure may have a positive health benefit for pregnant women and their babies. The impact of utilizing a remote patient monitoring system to monitor blood pressure and weight gain as a component of prenatal care has not been previously assessed...
November 18, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864166/perivascular-adipose-tissue-inflammation-and-coronary-artery-disease-an-autopsy-study-protocol
#13
Daniela Souza Farias-Itao, Carlos Augusto Pasqualucci, Aline Nishizawa, Luiz Fernando Ferraz Silva, Fernanda Marinho Campos, Karen Cristina Souza da Silva, Renata Elaine Paraizo Leite, Lea Tenenholz Grinberg, Renata Eloah Lucena Ferretti-Rebustini, Wilson Jacob Filho, Claudia Kimie Suemoto
BACKGROUND: Perivascular adipose tissue (PAT) inflammation may have a role in coronary artery disease (CAD) pathophysiology. However, most evidence has come from samples obtained during surgical procedures that may imply in some limitations. Moreover, the role of B lymphocytes and inflammation in PAT that is adjacent to unstable atheroma plaques has not been investigated in humans using morphometric measurements. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the inflammation in PAT, subcutaneous, and perirenal adipose tissues (SAT and PrAT) among chronic CAD, acute CAD, and control groups in an autopsy study...
November 18, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864163/developing-a-web-based-weight-management-program-for-childhood-cancer-survivors-rationale-and-methods
#14
Fang Fang Zhang, Susan Meagher, Michael Scheurer, Sara Folta, Emily Finnan, Kerry Criss, Christina Economos, ZoAnn Dreyer, Michael Kelly
BACKGROUND: Due to advances in the field of oncology, survival rates for children with cancer have improved significantly. However, these childhood cancer survivors are at a higher risk for obesity and cardiovascular diseases and for developing these conditions at an earlier age. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we describe the rationale, conceptual framework, development process, novel components, and delivery plan of a behavioral intervention program for preventing unhealthy weight gain in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)...
November 18, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856406/efficacy-and-safety-of-high-dose-ivermectin-for-reducing-malaria-transmission-ivermal-protocol-for-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-dose-finding-trial-in-western-kenya
#15
Menno R Smit, Eric Ochomo, Ghaith Aljayyoussi, Titus Kwambai, Bernard Abong'o, Nabie Bayoh, John Gimnig, Aaron Samuels, Meghna Desai, Penelope A Phillips-Howard, Simon Kariuki, Duolao Wang, Steve Ward, Feiko O Ter Kuile
BACKGROUND: Innovative approaches are needed to complement existing tools for malaria elimination. Ivermectin is a broad spectrum antiparasitic endectocide clinically used for onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis control at single doses of 150 to 200 mcg/kg. It also shortens the lifespan of mosquitoes that feed on individuals recently treated with ivermectin. However, the effect after a 150 to 200 mcg/kg oral dose is short-lived (6 to 11 days). Modeling suggests higher doses, which prolong the mosquitocidal effects, are needed to make a significant contribution to malaria elimination...
November 17, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852561/pixel-or-paper-validation-of-a-mobile-technology-for-collecting-patient-reported-outcomes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Oscar Massimiliano Epis, Cinzia Casu, Laura Belloli, Emanuela Schito, Davide Filippini, Marina Muscarà, Maria Giovanna Gentile, Paula Carina Perez Cagnone, Chiara Venerelli, Massimo Sonnati, Irene Schiavetti, Eleonora Bruschi
BACKGROUND: In the management of chronic disease, new models for telemonitoring of patients combined with the choice of electronic patient-reported outcomes (ePRO) are being encouraged, with a clear improvement of both patients' and parents' quality of life. An Italian study demonstrated that ePRO were welcome in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with excellent matching data. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the level of agreement between electronic and paper-and-pencil questionnaire responses...
November 16, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852560/safety-acceptability-and-use-of-a-smartphone-app-blueice-for-young-people-who-self-harm-protocol-for-an-open-phase-i-trial
#17
Paul Stallard, Joanna Porter, Rebecca Grist
BACKGROUND: Up to 18% of adolescents will engage in an act of self-harm before young adulthood, with the majority of acts occurring in private. Mobile apps may offer a way of providing support for young people at times of distress to prevent self-harm. OBJECTIVE: This is a proof-of-concept study designed to explore the safety, acceptability, feasibility, and usability of a smartphone app, BlueIce, with young people who are self-harming. METHODS: In this phase I open trial we will evaluate BlueIce, a smartphone app developed and coproduced with young people with lived experience of self-harm...
November 16, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847352/the-effects-of-an-e-mental-health-program-and-job-coaching-on-the-risk-of-major-depression-and-productivity-in-canadian-male-workers-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
JianLi Wang, Scott B Patten, Raymond W Lam, Mark Attridge, Kendall Ho, Norbert Schmitz, Alain Marchand, Bonnie M Lashewicz
BACKGROUND: Major depression (MDE) is prevalent in men and affects men's health and productivity. Because of the stigma against depression and social/gender norms, men are less likely to seek help for emotion and stress-related issues. Therefore, innovative solutions tailored for men are needed. With rapid development of the Internet and information technologies, one promising solution that has drawn considerable attentions is electronic mental (e-mental) health programs and services...
November 15, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847351/a-comparison-of-mobile-and-fixed-device-access-on-user-engagement-associated-with-women-infants-and-children-wic-online-nutrition-education
#19
John J Brusk, Robert J Bensley
BACKGROUND: Online health education has expanded its reach due to cost-effective implementation and demonstrated effectiveness. However, a limitation exists with the evaluation of online health education implementations and how the impact of the system is attenuated by the extent to which a user engages with it. Moreover, the current online health education research does not consider how this engagement has been affected by the transition from fixed to mobile user access over the last decade...
November 15, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836815/overcoming-perfectionism-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-internet-based-guided-self-help-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-intervention
#20
Radha Kothari, Sarah Egan, Tracey Wade, Gerhard Andersson, Roz Shafran
BACKGROUND: Perfectionism is elevated across, and increases risk for, a range of psychological disorders as well as having a direct negative effect on day-to-day function. A growing body of evidence shows that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) reduces perfectionism and psychological disorders, with medium to large effect sizes. Given the increased desire for Web-based interventions to facilitate access to evidence-based therapy, Internet-based CBT self-help interventions for perfectionism have been designed...
November 11, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
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