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JMIR Research Protocols

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150418/immune-enhancing-formulas-for-patients-with-cancer-undergoing-esophagectomy-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Astrid Naranjo, Elizabeth Isenring, Laisa Teleni
BACKGROUND: Adult patients with an esophageal cancer can potentially be compromised with postoperative leaks or fistulae if patients' nutritional status is in a vulnerable stage. Currently in Australia, there is a growing need for clinicians to know whether use of immune-enhancing formulas (IEFs) containing Arg, omega-3, and RNA are a cost-effective approach compared with isonitrogenous-isocaloric formulas to reduce postoperative infectious complications in esophagectomy patients. Since IEFs may carry higher costs, this has led to inconsistencies in practice among clinicians and hospitals...
November 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146566/improving-transition-to-employment-for-youth-with-physical-disabilities-protocol-for-a-peer-electronic-mentoring-intervention
#2
Sally Lindsay, Jennifer Stinson, Mary Stergiou-Kita, Joanne Leck
BACKGROUND: Although youth with disabilities have much to gain from employment readiness programs, they are often excluded from or have limited access to vocational programs. One encouraging approach to address gaps in vocational programming is through peer electronic mentoring (e-mentoring), which may facilitate a smoother transition to adulthood by offering support to enhance coping skills. Despite the increase in online communities, little is known about their impact on vocational mentoring for youth with physical disabilities and their parents...
November 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146565/development-and-usability-testing-of-a-computer-tailored-decision-support-tool-for-lung-cancer-screening-study-protocol
#3
Lisa Carter-Harris, Robert Skipworth Comer, Anurag Goyal, Emilee Christine Vode, Nasser Hanna, DuyKhanh Ceppa, Susan M Rawl
BACKGROUND: Awareness of lung cancer screening remains low in the screening-eligible population, and when patients visit their clinician never having heard of lung cancer screening, engaging in shared decision making to arrive at an informed decision can be a challenge. Therefore, methods to effectively support both patients and clinicians to engage in these important discussions are essential. To facilitate shared decision making about lung cancer screening, effective methods to prepare patients to have these important discussions with their clinician are needed...
November 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133284/the-association-of-health-literacy-and-electronic-health-literacy-with-self-efficacy-coping-and-caregiving-perceptions-among-carers-of-people-with-dementia-research-protocol-for-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#4
Areti Efthymiou, Nicos Middleton, Andreas Charalambous, Evridiki Papastavrou
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, electronic health (eHealth) literacy has attracted the attention of the scientific community, as it is associated with the self-management of patients with chronic diseases and the quality and cost of care. It is estimated that 80% of people with chronic diseases are cared for at home by a family member, friend, or relative. Informal carers are susceptible to physical and mental health problems, as well as social and financial hardships. Nevertheless, there seems to be a research gap in terms of carers' needs, skills, and available resources in the age of new technologies, with the vital role of eHealth literacy of the carers remaining unexplored...
November 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133281/should-medical-assistance-in-dying-be-extended-to-incompetent-patients-with-dementia-research-protocol-of-a-survey-among-four-groups-of-stakeholders-from-quebec-canada
#5
Gina Bravo, Claudie Rodrigue, Vincent Thériault, Marcel Arcand, Jocelyn Downie, Marie-France Dubois, Sharon Kaasalainen, Cees M Hertogh, Sophie Pautex, Lieve Van den Block
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease and related disorders affect a growing number of people worldwide. Quality of life is generally good in the early stages of these diseases. However, many individuals fear living through the advanced stages. Such fears are triggering requests for medical assistance in dying (MAiD) by patients with dementia. Legislation was recently passed in Canada and the province of Quebec allowing MAiD at the explicit request of a patient who meets a set of eligibility criteria, including competence...
November 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122737/the-effect-of-the-move-more-pack-on-the-physical-activity-of-cancer-survivors-protocol-for-a-randomized-waiting-list-control-trial-with-process-evaluation
#6
Justin Webb, Chris Fife-Schaw, Jane Ogden, Jo Foster
BACKGROUND: Physical activity can improve many common side effects of cancer treatment as well as improve physical function and quality of life (QOL). In addition, physical activity can improve survival rate and reduce cancer recurrence. Despite these benefits, only 23% of cancer survivors in England are active to recommended levels. Cancer survivors are interested in lifestyle behavior change. Home-based interventions offer a promising means for changing physical activity behavior. Prediagnosis levels of physical activity and self-efficacy have been reported to be predictors of physical activity behavior change...
November 9, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117932/patient-transfers-and-risk-of-back-injury-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-technical-measurements-of-exposure
#7
Jonas Vinstrup, Pascal Madeleine, Markus Due Jakobsen, Kenneth Jay, Lars Louis Andersen
BACKGROUND: More than one third of nurses experience musculoskeletal pain several times during a normal work week. Consistent use of assistive devices during patient transfers is associated with a lower risk of occupational back injuries and low back pain (LBP). While uncertainties exist regarding which type of assistive devices most efficiently prevent LBP, exposure assessments using technological advancements allow for quantification of muscle load and body positions during common work tasks...
November 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117930/psychometric-evaluation-of-a-patient-reported-symptom-index-for-nonmuscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-field-testing-protocol
#8
Claudia Rutherford, Madeleine T King, David P Smith, Daniel Sj Costa, Margaret-Ann Tait, Manish I Patel
BACKGROUND: Nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is a chronic condition requiring intensive follow-up, repeated endoscopic examinations, tumor resections, and intravesical treatments that can occur every 3 months for life. In this clinical context, patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are a critical concern for patients and their managing clinicians. PROs have enormous potential to be integral to treatment assessment and recommendations for NMIBC; however, current PRO measures are inadequate for NMIBC because they lack key NMIBC-specific symptoms and side effects associated with contemporary treatments...
November 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101094/an-app-to-help-young-people-self-manage-when-feeling-overwhelmed-rezone-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Julian Edbrooke-Childs, Jaime Smith, Jessica Rees, Chloe Edridge, Ana Calderon, Felicity Saunders, Miranda Wolpert, Jessica Deighton
BACKGROUND: The association between behavioral difficulties and academic attainment is well established. Recent policy advising schools on managing behavior has promoted the early identification of behavioral difficulties. There is also increasing research into mHealth interventions to provide support for emotional and behavioral difficulties for young people. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the proposed research is to examine the effectiveness of an mHealth intervention, ReZone, in reducing emotional and behavioral difficulties in young people...
November 3, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101091/recruiting-women-to-a-mobile-health-smoking-cessation-trial-low-and-no-cost-strategies
#10
Kristopher J Abbate, Melanie D Hingle, Julie Armin, Peter Giacobbi, Judith S Gordon
BACKGROUND: Successful recruitment of participants to mobile health (mHealth) studies presents unique challenges over in-person studies. It is important to identify recruitment strategies that maximize the limited recruitment resources available to researchers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe a case study of a unique recruitment process used in a recent mHealth software app designed to increase smoking cessation among weight-concerned women smokers...
November 3, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097356/development-of-a-behavior-change-intervention-to-improve-sexual-health-service-use-among-university-undergraduate-students-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#11
Christine Cassidy, Audrey Steenbeek, Donald Langille, Ruth Martin-Misener, Janet Curran
BACKGROUND: University students are at risk for acquiring sexually transmitted infections and suffering other negative health outcomes. Sexual health services offer preventive and treatment interventions that aim to reduce these infections and associated health consequences. However, university students often delay or avoid seeking sexual health services. An in-depth understanding of the factors that influence student use of sexual health services is needed to underpin effective sexual health interventions...
November 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097354/the-importance-of-trust-in-the-adoption-and-use-of-intelligent-assistive-technology-by-older-adults-to-support-aging-in-place-scoping-review-protocol
#12
Josephine McMurray, Gillian Strudwick, Cheryl Forchuk, Adam Morse, Jessica Lachance, Arani Baskaran, Lauren Allison, Richard Booth
BACKGROUND: Intelligent assistive technologies that complement and extend human abilities have proliferated in recent years. Service robots, home automation equipment, and other digital assistant devices possessing artificial intelligence are forms of assistive technologies that have become popular in society. Older adults (>55 years of age) have been identified by industry, government, and researchers as a demographic who can benefit significantly from the use of intelligent assistive technology to support various activities of daily living...
November 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089293/financial-incentives-alone-versus-incentivized-partner-support-for-promoting-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-protocol-for-a-non-randomized-single-blinded-study
#13
Mai Frandsen, Megan Thow, Stuart G Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Smoking tobacco remains the most significant modifiable cause of adverse pregnancy outcomes and contributor to ongoing maternal and infant ill-health. Pregnancy for many is a time of heightened health focus, with the primary motivation being the well-being of the unborn child. Yet, many women continue to smoke throughout their pregnancy. Despite this heightened motivation and known health risks, interventions to date have not effectively curbed the rate of smoking during pregnancy and they remain as high as rates among the general population...
October 31, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089292/tapering-practices-of-strongman-athletes-test-retest-reliability-study
#14
Paul W Winwood, Hayden J Pritchard, Justin Wl Keogh
BACKGROUND: Little is currently known about the tapering practices of strongman athletes. We have developed an Internet-based comprehensive self-report questionnaire examining the training and tapering practices of strongman athletes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to document the test-retest reliability of questions associated with the Internet-based comprehensive self-report questionnaire on the tapering practices of strongman athletes. The information will provide insight on the reliability and usefulness of the online questionnaire for use with strongman athletes...
October 31, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084708/a-mobile-phone-app-to-support-young-people-in-making-shared-decisions-in-therapy-power-up-study-protocol
#15
Louise Chapman, Julian Edbrooke-Childs, Kate Martin, Helen Webber, Michael P Craven, Chris Hollis, Jessica Deighton, Roslyn Law, Peter Fonagy, Miranda Wolpert
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that young people want to be active participants in their care and involved in decisions about their treatment. However, there is a lack of digital shared decision-making tools available to support young people in child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this paper is to present the protocol of a feasibility trial for Power Up, a mobile phone app to empower young people in CAMHS to make their voices heard and participate in decisions around their care...
October 30, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079553/c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-dual-burden-of-disease-codubu-study-protocol-to-investigate-the-co-occurrence-of-chronic-infections-and-noncommunicable-diseases-in-rural-settings-of-epidemiological-transition
#16
Ikenna C Eze, Clémence Esse, Fidèle K Bassa, Siaka Koné, Felix Acka, Loukou Yao, Medea Imboden, Fabienne N Jaeger, Christian Schindler, Mireille Dosso, Véronique Laubhouet-Koffi, Dinard Kouassi, Eliézer K N'Goran, Jürg Utzinger, Bassirou Bonfoh, Nicole Probst-Hensch
BACKGROUND: Individual-level concomitance of infectious diseases and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is poorly studied, despite the reality of this dual disease burden for many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). OBJECTIVE: This study protocol describes the implementation of a cohort and biobank aiming for a better understanding of interrelation of helminth and Plasmodium infections with NCD phenotypes like metabolic syndrome, hypertension, and diabetes. METHODS: A baseline cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted over one year, in the Taabo health and demographic surveillance system (HDSS) in south-central Côte d'Ivoire...
October 27, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079551/assessing-the-value-of-prehabilitation-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-surgery-according-to-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-pathway-for-the-improvement-of-postoperative-outcomes-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Cornelia Merki-Künzli, Marta Kerstan-Huber, Denise Switalla, David Gisi, Dimitri Aristotle Raptis, Nicola Greco, Giuseppe Mungo, Markus Wirz, Severin Gloor, Merima Misirlic, Stefan Breitenstein, Christoph Tschuor
BACKGROUND: A key element in the postoperative phase of the standardized Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) treatment pathways is mobilization. Currently, there are no recommendations in the ERAS guidelines for preoperative physical activity. Patients undergoing major surgery are prone to functional decline due to the impairment of muscle, cardiorespiratory, and neurological function as a response to surgical stress. It has been shown that preoperative physical training reduces postoperative complications...
October 27, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074472/external-validation-study-of-first-trimester-obstetric-prediction-models-expect-study-i-research-protocol-and-population-characteristics
#18
Linda Jacqueline Elisabeth Meertens, Hubertina Cj Scheepers, Raymond G De Vries, Carmen D Dirksen, Irene Korstjens, Antonius Lm Mulder, Marianne J Nieuwenhuijze, Jan G Nijhuis, Marc Ea Spaanderman, Luc Jm Smits
BACKGROUND: A number of first-trimester prediction models addressing important obstetric outcomes have been published. However, most models have not been externally validated. External validation is essential before implementing a prediction model in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the design of a study to externally validate existing first trimester obstetric prediction models, based upon maternal characteristics and standard measurements (eg, blood pressure), for the risk of pre-eclampsia (PE), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), spontaneous preterm birth (PTB), small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants, and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants among Dutch pregnant women (Expect Study I)...
October 26, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070480/internet-delivered-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-skills-training-for-suicidal-and-heavy-episodic-drinkers-protocol-and-preliminary-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Chelsey Wilks, Qingqing Yin, Sin Yee Ang, Brandon Matsumiya, Anita Lungu, Marsha Linehan
BACKGROUND: The need to develop effective and accessible interventions for suicidal individuals engaging in heavy episodic drinking (HED) cannot be understated. While the link between alcohol use and suicidality is a complex one that remains to be elucidated, emotion dysregulation may play a key role in alcohol-related suicide risk in these individuals. OBJECTIVE: In the current study, an 8-week Internet-delivered dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills training intervention was developed and preliminarily evaluated for suicidal individuals who engage in HED to regulate emotions...
October 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066427/the-adoption-of-social-media-to-recruit-participants-for-the-cool-runnings-randomized-controlled-trial-in-australia
#20
Jacqueline D Burgess, Roy M Kimble, Kerrianne Watt, Cate M Cameron
BACKGROUND: Using social media to recruit specific populations for research studies is gaining popularity. Given that mothers of young children are the most active on social media, and young children are the most at risk of preventable burn injuries, social media was used to recruit mothers of young children to a burn prevention intervention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to describe the social media recruitment methods used to enroll mothers of young children to the app-based burn prevention intervention Cool Runnings...
October 24, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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