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JMIR Research Protocols

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100441/assessing-the-efficacy-of-an-app-based-method-of-family-planning-the-dot-study-protocol
#1
Rebecca G Simmons, Dominick C Shattuck, Victoria H Jennings
BACKGROUND: Some 222 million women worldwide have unmet needs for contraception; they want to avoid pregnancy, but are not using a contraceptive method, primarily because of concerns about side effects associated with most available methods. Expanding contraceptive options-particularly fertility awareness options that provide women with information about which days during their menstrual cycles they are likely to become pregnant if they have unprotected intercourse-has the potential to reduce unmet need...
January 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096067/assessing-the-quality-feasibility-and-efficacy-of-electronic-patient-platforms-designed-to-support-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-a-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Gemma Pugh, Lisa McCann
BACKGROUND: A range of innovative websites, mobile technologies, eHealth and mHealth platforms have emerged to support adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. Previous reviews have identified these various applications and solutions, but no review has summarized the quality, feasibility, and efficacy of existing patient platforms (inclusive of websites, mobile technologies, mHealth and eHealth platforms) developed specifically for young people with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the design of a protocol to conduct a review of published studies or reports which describe or report on an existing platform designed specifically for AYAs who have had a cancer diagnosis...
January 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093379/the-epital-care-model-a-new-person-centered-model-of-technology-enabled-integrated-care-for-people-with-long-term-conditions
#3
Klaus Phanareth, Søren Vingtoft, Anders Skovbo Christensen, Jakob Sylvest Nielsen, Jørgen Svenstrup, Gro Karine Rosvold Berntsen, Stanton Peter Newman, Lars Kayser
BACKGROUND: There is worldwide recognition that the future provision of health care requires a reorganization of provision of care, with increased empowerment and engagement of patients, along with skilled health professionals delivering services that are coordinated across sectors and organizations that provide health care. Technology may be a way to enable the creation of a coherent, cocreative, person-centered method to provide health care for individuals with one or more long-term conditions (LTCs)...
January 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062389/internet-based-hiv-prevention-with-at-home-sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-for-young-men-having-sex-with-men-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-keep-it-up-2-0
#4
Brian Mustanski, Krystal Madkins, George J Greene, Jeffrey T Parsons, Brent A Johnson, Patrick Sullivan, Michael Bass, Rebekah Abel
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections are increasing among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), yet few HIV prevention programs have studied this population. Keep It Up! (KIU!), an online HIV prevention program tailored to diverse YMSM, was developed to fill this gap. The KIU! 2.0 randomized controlled trial (RCT) was launched to establish intervention efficacy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the KIU! study is to advance scientific knowledge of technology-based behavioral HIV prevention, as well as improve public health by establishing the efficacy of an innovative electronic health (eHealth) prevention program for ethnically and racially diverse YMSM...
January 7, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057608/acupuncture-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-protocol
#5
Taipin Guo, Bowen Zhu, Qian Zhang, Yejiao Yang, Qi He, Xinghe Zhang, Xiantao Tai
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP), a childhood disease of high morbidity and serious harmfulness, has no effective therapies to completely relieve the associated pain. Acupuncture has been used widely in China to alleviate several CP symptoms, such as pain and motion disorders, despite the deficiency of high-quality evidence related to this practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review protocol is to assess the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for the treatment of children with CP...
January 5, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011446/transdiagnostic-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-versus-treatment-as-usual-in-adult-patients-with-emotional-disorders-in-the-primary-care-setting-psicap-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Antonio Cano-Vindel, Roger Muñoz-Navarro, Cristina Mae Wood, Joaquín T Limonero, Leonardo Adrián Medrano, Paloma Ruiz-Rodríguez, Irene Gracia-Gracia, Esperanza Dongil-Collado, Iciar Iruarrizaga, Fernando Chacón, Francisco Santolaya
BACKGROUND: Demand for primary care (PC) services in Spain exceeds available resources. Part of this strong demand is due to the high prevalence of emotional disorders (EDs)-anxiety, depression, and somatic symptom disorders-and related comorbidities such as pain or chronic illnesses. EDs are often under- or misdiagnosed by general practitioners (GPs) and, consequently, treatment is frequently inadequate. OBJECTIVE: We aim to compare the short- and long-term effectiveness of group-delivered transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy (TD-CBT) versus treatment as usual (TAU) in the treatment of EDs in the PC setting in Spain...
December 23, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007690/deep-brain-stimulation-for-tremor-tractographic-versus-traditional-distinct-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#7
Bastian Elmar Alexander Sajonz, Florian Amtage, Peter Christoph Reinacher, Carolin Jenkner, Tobias Piroth, Jürgen Kätzler, Horst Urbach, Volker Arnd Coenen
BACKGROUND: Essential tremor is a movement disorder that can result in profound disability affecting the quality of life. Medically refractory essential tremor can be successfully reduced by deep brain stimulation (DBS) traditionally targeting the thalamic ventral intermediate nucleus (Vim). Although this structure can be identified with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging nowadays, Vim-DBS electrodes are still implanted in the awake patient with intraoperative tremor testing to achieve satisfactory tremor control...
December 22, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003177/substitution-of-usual-perioperative-care-by-ehealth-to-enhance-postoperative-recovery-in-patients-undergoing-general-surgical-or-gynecological-procedures-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Eva van der Meij, Judith Af Huirne, Esther Va Bouwsma, Johanna M van Dongen, Caroline B Terwee, Peter M van de Ven, Chantal M den Bakker, Suzan van der Meij, W Marchien van Baal, Wouter Kg Leclercq, Peggy Maj Geomini, Esther Cj Consten, Steven E Schraffordt Koops, Paul Jm van Kesteren, Hein Bac Stockmann, A Dorien Ten Cate, Paul Hp Davids, Petrus C Scholten, Baukje van den Heuvel, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Wilhelmus Jhj Meijerink, H Jaap Bonjer, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: Due to the strong reduction in the length of hospital stays in the last decade, the period of in-hospital postoperative care is limited. After discharge from the hospital, guidance and monitoring on recovery and resumption of (work) activities are usually not provided. As a consequence, return to normal activities and work after surgery is hampered, leading to a lower quality of life and higher costs due to productivity loss and increased health care consumption. OBJECTIVE: With this study we aim to evaluate whether an eHealth care program can improve perioperative health care in patients undergoing commonly applied abdominal surgical procedures, leading to accelerated recovery and to a reduction in costs in comparison to usual care...
December 21, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003176/securing-the-continuity-of-medical-competence-in-times-of-demographic-change-a-proposal
#9
Joachim Paul Hasebrook, Jürgen Hinkelmann, Thomas Volkert, Sibyll Rodde, Klaus Hahnenkamp
BACKGROUND: University hospitals make up the backbone of medical and economic services of hospitals in Germany: they qualify specialist physicians, ensure medical research, and provide highly specialized maximum medical care, which other hospitals cannot undertake. In addition to this assignment, medical research and academic teaching must be managed despite a growing shortage of specialist physicians. By the year 2020, the need for the replacement of retired physicians and increased demand will total 30,000 positions...
December 21, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998879/using-patient-flow-information-to-determine-risk-of-hospital-presentation-protocol-for-a-proof-of-concept-study
#10
Christopher M Pearce, Adam McLeod, Jon Patrick, Douglas Boyle, Marianne Shearer, Paula Eustace, Mary Catherine Pearce
BACKGROUND: Every day, patients are admitted to the hospital with conditions that could have been effectively managed in the primary care sector. These admissions are expensive and in many cases are possible to avoid if early intervention occurs. General practitioners are in the best position to identify those at risk of imminent hospital presentation and admission; however, it is not always possible for all the factors to be considered. A lack of shared information contributes significantly to the challenge of understanding a patient's full medical history...
December 20, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977002/supporting-heart-failure-patient-transitions-from-acute-to-community-care-with-home-telemonitoring-technology-a-protocol-for-a-provincial-randomized-controlled-trial-tec4home
#11
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Seniors with chronic diseases such as heart failure have complex care needs. They are vulnerable to their condition deteriorating and, without timely intervention, may require multiple emergency department visits and/or repeated hospitalizations. Upon discharge, the transition from the emergency department to home can be a vulnerable time for recovering patients with disruptions in the continuity of care. Remote monitoring of heart failure patients using home telemonitoring, coupled with clear communication protocols between health care professionals, can be effective in increasing the safety and quality of care for seniors with heart failure discharged from the emergency department...
December 18, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986646/investigation-of-the-association-between-alcohol-outlet-density-and-alcohol-related-hospital-admission-rates-in-england-study-protocol
#12
Ravi Maheswaran, John Holmes, Mark Green, Mark Strong, Tim Pearson, Petra Meier
BACKGROUND: Availability of alcohol is a major policy issue for governments, and one of the availability factors is the density of alcohol outlets within geographic areas. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the association between alcohol outlet density and hospital admissions for alcohol-related conditions in a national (English) small area level ecological study. METHODS: This project will employ ecological correlation and cross-sectional time series study designs to examine spatial and temporal relationships between alcohol outlet density and hospital admissions...
December 16, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979791/stigma-and-its-impact-on-glucose-control-among-youth-with-diabetes-protocol-for-a-canada-wide-study
#13
Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Meranda Nakhla, Michael Wright, Constadina Panagiotopoulos, Daniele Pacaud, Mélanie Henderson, Elham Rahme, Deborah Da Costa, Kaberi Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: Stigma in chronic disease involves unwarranted rejection, judgement, or exclusion by others based on the chronic disease itself. OBJECTIVE: We aim to determine the prevalence of stigma among youth and young adults with type 1 diabetes in Canada, to assess associations between stigma and glycemic control, and to explore ways to address stigma related to type 1 diabetes. METHODS: The study includes 3 distinct phases: (1) refinement of survey questions, (2) assessment of test-retest reliability, and (3) a data collection and analysis phase (online survey and mailed-in capillary blood sample to assess hemoglobin A1c)...
December 15, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977390/development-of-a-web-accessible-population-pharmacokinetic-service-hemophilia-wapps-hemo-study-protocol
#14
Alfonso Iorio, Arun Keepanasseril, Gary Foster, Tamara Navarro-Ruan, Alanna McEneny-King, Andrea N Edginton, Lehana Thabane
BACKGROUND: Individual pharmacokinetic assessment is a critical component of tailored prophylaxis for hemophilia patients. Population pharmacokinetics allows using individual sparse data, thus simplifying individual pharmacokinetic studies. Implementing population pharmacokinetics capacity for the hemophilia community is beyond individual reach and requires a system effort. OBJECTIVE: The Web-Accessible Population Pharmacokinetic Service-Hemophilia (WAPPS-Hemo) project aims to assemble a database of patient pharmacokinetic data for all existing factor concentrates, develop and validate population pharmacokinetics models, and integrate these models within a Web-based calculator for individualized pharmacokinetic estimation in patients at participating treatment centers...
December 15, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956377/examining-incentives-to-promote-physical-activity-maintenance-among-hospital-employees-not-achieving-10-000-daily-steps-a-web-based-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#15
Marc Mitchell, Lauren White, Paul Oh, Matthew Kwan, Peter Gove, Tricia Leahey, Guy Faulkner
BACKGROUND: The economic burden of physical inactivity in Canada is estimated at Can $6.8 billion (US $5 billion) per year. Employers bear a substantial proportion of the economic costs, as they pay more for inactive workers in health care and other organizational costs. In response, many Canadian employers offer wellness programs, though these are often underutilized. While financial health incentives have been proposed as one way of increasing participation, their longer term effects (ie postintervention effects) are not clear...
December 12, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940422/data-as-a-service-platform-for-delivering-healthy-lifestyle-and-preventive-medicine-concept-and-structure-of-the-daphne-project
#16
Catherine Gibbons, Gonzalo Bailador Del Pozo, Javier Andrés, Tim Lobstein, Melania Manco, Hadas Lewy, Einat Bergman, David O'Callaghan, Gavin Doherty, Olga Kudrautseva, Angel Palomares, Roni Ram, Alberto Olmo
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity is related to many health problems and diseases. The current obesity epidemic, which is a major health problem, is closely related to a lack of physical activity, high levels of sedentary behavior, and increased energy intake; with evidence to show increasing incidence of these issues in the younger population. Tackling obesity and its comorbid conditions requires a holistic approach encompassing attention on physical activity, healthy diet, and behavioral activation in order to enable and maintain meaningful and long-term weight loss and weight maintenance...
December 9, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927609/data-analysis-protocol-for-the-development-and-evaluation-of-population-pharmacokinetic-models-for-incorporation-into-the-web-accessible-population-pharmacokinetic-service-hemophilia-wapps-hemo
#17
Alanna McEneny-King, Gary Foster, Alfonso Iorio, Andrea N Edginton
BACKGROUND: Hemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency in a specific clotting factor. This results in spontaneous bleeding episodes and eventual arthropathy. The mainstay of hemophilia treatment is prophylactic replacement of the missing factor, but an optimal regimen remains to be determined. Rather, individualized prophylaxis has been suggested to improve both patient safety and resource utilization. However, uptake of this approach has been hampered by the demanding sampling schedules and complex calculations required to obtain individual estimates of pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters...
December 7, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927608/pretravel-health-advice-among-australians-returning-from-bali-indonesia-a-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#18
Chloe A Thomson, Robyn A Gibbs, Jane S Heyworth, Carolien Giele, Martin J Firth, Paul V Effler
BACKGROUND: The effect of pretravel health advice (PTHA) on travel-related illness rates is poorly understood, and to date there are no published randomized controlled trials evaluating the impact of PTHA outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the effect of an online PTHA intervention on travel-related illness rates in Western Australians visiting Bali, Indonesia. METHODS: Western Australian travelers to Bali will be recruited online before departure and will be randomly allocated to an intervention or control group by computer algorithm...
December 7, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923779/a-multidisciplinary-model-to-guide-employment-outcomes-among-people-living-with-spinal-cord-injuries-in-south-africa-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#19
Ntsikelelo Pefile, Joyce Mothabeng, Saloshni Naidoo
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) often results in complete or partial loss of functioning of the upper and/or lower limbs, leading to the affected individual experiencing difficulties in performing activities of daily living. This results in reduced participation in social, religious, recreational, and economic activities (employment). The South Africa legal framework promotes the employment and assistance of people with disabilities. However, rehabilitation interventions focus mainly on impairments and activity limitations, with few attempts to prepare those with SCI to return to gainful employment...
December 6, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923777/parent-and-clinician-preferences-for-an-asthma-app-to-promote-adolescent-self-management-a-formative-study
#20
Lorie L Geryk, Courtney A Roberts, Adam J Sage, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Betsy L Sleath, Delesha M Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Most youth asthma apps are not designed with parent and clinician use in mind, and rarely is the app development process informed by parent or clinician input. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to generate formative data on the use, attitudes, and preferences for asthma mHealth app features among parents and clinicians, the important stakeholders who support adolescents with asthma and promote adolescent self-management skills. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods study from 2013 to 2014 employing a user-centered design philosophy to acquire feedback from a convenience sample of 20 parents and 6 clinicians...
December 6, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
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