journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Brain Sciences

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772772/multiplicative-effects-of-social-and-psychological-risk-factors-on-college-students-suicidal-behaviors
#1
Shervin Assari
Less is known about the multiplicative effects of social and psychological risk and protective factors of suicidality on college campuses. The current study aimed to investigate the multiplicative effects of social (identifying oneself as gay/lesbian, financial difficulty, violence victimization, and religiosity) and psychological (anxiety, depression, problem alcohol use, drug use) and risk/protective factors on suicidal behaviors among college students in the United States. Using a cross-sectional design, the Healthy Mind Study (HMS; 2016⁻2017), is a national online survey of college students in the United States...
May 17, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762549/frameless-stereotaxis-for-subthalamic-nucleus-deep-brain-stimulation-an-innovative-method-for-the-direct-visualization-of-electrode-implantation-by-intraoperative-x-ray-control
#2
Paolo Mazzone, Alessandro Stefani, Fabio Viselli, Eugenio Scarnati
The recent introduction of frameless devices has enabled stereotactic neurosurgery to reach a level of accuracy that is comparable to traditional frame-based methodologies. Among frameless devices, the Nexframe appears to be very useful in implanting electrodes into the subthalamic nucleus or other structures for deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease. However, frameless devices, including the Nexframe, limit the possibility of intraoperative visual control of the placement of electrodes in the brain...
May 15, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757944/dyslexia-and-fonts-is-a-specific-font-useful
#3
Christina Bachmann, Lauro Mengheri
Nowadays, several books published in different fonts advertised as being particularly suitable for dyslexics are available on the market. Our research aimed to assess the significance of a specific reading font especially designed for dyslexia, called EasyReading™. The performances of good readers and dyslexics were compared. Fourth grade primary school students (533 students in total) were assessed based on reading tasks presented with two different layouts: the popular Times New Roman and EasyReading™, in order to investigate whether children's performances were influenced by the fonts used...
May 14, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757929/transitioning-bodies-the-case-of-self-prescribing-sexual-hormones-in-gender-affirmation-in-individuals-attending-psychiatric-services
#4
Antonio Metastasio, Attilio Negri, Giovanni Martinotti, Ornella Corazza
Self-prescribing of sexual hormones for gender affirmation is a potentially widespread and poorly studied phenomenon that many clinicians are unaware of. The uncontrolled use of hormones poses significant health hazards, which have not been previously reported in the literature. We have collected seven clinical cases in general adult psychiatry settings (both inpatient and outpatients), describing transgender and gender non-conforming individuals' (TGNC) self-prescribing and self-administering hormones bought from the Internet without any medical consultation...
May 14, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757245/rapid-automatized-naming-verbal-working-memory-and-rhythm-discrimination-as-predictors-of-reading-in-italian-undergraduate-students-with-and-without-dyslexia
#5
Alice Cancer, Alessandro Antonietti
Whereas the clinical manifestations and the neuropsychological predictors of Developmental Dyslexia (DD) are already well documented in Italian-speaking children, empirical evidence on DD in Italian adults is in contrast rather scarce. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of a subset of neuropsychological skills, which have been identified by previous literature to be related to reading, in the decoding abilities of a group of Italian undergraduates with and without DD. For this purpose, 39 university students aged between 19 and 27 years, 19 of whom with a diagnosis of DD, underwent an assessment battery including standardized reading tests, rapid automatized naming (RAN), verbal working memory, and rhythmic pattern discrimination tests...
May 13, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751661/effects-of-2-year-cognitive%C3%A2-motor-dual-task-training-on-cognitive-function-and-motor-ability-in-healthy-elderly-people-a-pilot-study
#6
Emiko Morita, Hisayo Yokoyama, Daiki Imai, Ryosuke Takeda, Akemi Ota, Eriko Kawai, Yuta Suzuki, Kazunobu Okazaki
We aimed to examine the effect of 2-year cognitive⁻motor dual-task (DT) training on cognitive functions and motor ability of healthy elderly people without marked cognitive impairment. From the 25 participants of our 12-week DT trial conducted in 2014, we recruited 8 subjects who voluntarily participated in a new DT training program once a week for 2 years (exercise (EX) group). Their cognitive functions were evaluated by the Modified Mini-Mental State (3MS) examination and the Trail Making Test, and results were compared with those of the 11 subjects who discontinued the training and did not perform any types of exercise for 2 years (non-exercise (NO) group)...
May 11, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751619/language-experience-changes-audiovisual-perception
#7
Viorica Marian, Sayuri Hayakawa, Tuan Q Lam, Scott R Schroeder
Can experience change perception? Here, we examine whether language experience shapes the way individuals process auditory and visual information. We used the McGurk effect—the discovery that when people hear a speech sound (e.g., “ba”) and see a conflicting lip movement (e.g., “ga”), they recognize it as a completely new sound (e.g., “da”). This finding suggests that the brain fuses input across auditory and visual modalities demonstrates that what we hear is profoundly influenced by what we see...
May 11, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751598/informed-consent-decision-making-in-deep-brain-stimulation
#8
REVIEW
Gabriele Mandarelli, Germana Moretti, Massimo Pasquini, Giuseppe Nicolò, Stefano Ferracuti
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has proved useful for several movement disorders (Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor, dystonia), in which first and/or second line pharmacological treatments were inefficacious. Initial evidence of DBS efficacy exists for refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder, treatment-resistant major depressive disorder, and impulse control disorders. Ethical concerns have been raised about the use of an invasive surgical approach involving the central nervous system in patients with possible impairment in cognitive functioning and decision-making capacity...
May 11, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738444/the-effects-of-trauma-with-or-without-ptsd-on-the-transgenerational-dna-methylation-alterations-in-human-offsprings
#9
REVIEW
Nagy A Youssef, Laura Lockwood, Shaoyong Su, Guang Hao, Bart P F Rutten
Exposure to psychological trauma is a strong risk factor for several debilitating disorders including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Besides the impact on mental well-being and behavior in the exposed individuals, it has been suggested that psychological trauma can affect the biology of the individuals, and even have biological and behavioral consequences on the offspring of exposed individuals. While knowledge of possible epigenetic underpinnings of the association between exposure to trauma and risk of PTSD has been discussed in several reviews, it remains to be established whether trauma-induced epigenetic modifications can be passed from traumatized individuals to subsequent generations of offspring...
May 8, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738440/prevalence-of-developmental-dyslexia-in-spanish-university-students
#10
Carmen López-Escribano, Judith Suro Sánchez, Fernando Leal Carretero
A recent concern in the field of dyslexia studies is the lack of awareness and attention to university students suffering from this condition. If this problem is serious in countries where the relative opacity of the writing system allows for an early detection and, therefore, effective interventions, it is most critical in countries where transparent spelling makes such detection difficult, except in the most severe cases. In Spain, the diagnosis of dyslexia is rare among university-level adults. The present study pursues three aims: (a) to put forward a screening instrument for the detection of university students at risk of dyslexia, (b) to determine the ratio of university students that could be at risk of dyslexia by means of two different procedures, and (c) to create awareness for a disorder that causes hitherto unrecognized difficulties for an important subgroup of the college population...
May 8, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734768/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-a-promising-treatment-for-major-depressive-disorder
#11
REVIEW
Djamila Bennabi, Emmanuel Haffen
Background: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) opens new perspectives in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), because of its ability to modulate cortical excitability and induce long-lasting effects. The aim of this review is to summarize the current status of knowledge regarding tDCS application in MDD. Methods: In this review, we searched for articles published in PubMed/MEDLINE from the earliest available date to February 2018 that explored clinical and cognitive effects of tDCS in MDD...
May 6, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734670/depression-olfaction-and-quality-of-life-a-mutual-relationship
#12
REVIEW
Marion Rochet, Wissam El-Hage, Sami Richa, François Kazour, Boriana Atanasova
Olfactory dysfunction has been well studied in depression. Common brain areas are involved in depression and in the olfactory process, suggesting that olfactory impairments may constitute potential markers of this disorder. Olfactory markers of depression can be either state (present only in symptomatic phases) or trait (persistent after symptomatic remission) markers. This study presents the etiology of depression, the anatomical links between olfaction and depression, and a literature review of different olfactory markers of depression...
May 4, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724042/reliability-and-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-kinesthetic-and-visual-imagery-questionnaire-kviq
#13
Hideki Nakano, Takayuki Kodama, Kazumasa Ukai, Satoru Kawahara, Shiori Horikawa, Shin Murata
In this study, we aimed to (1) translate the English version of the Kinesthetic and Visual Imagery Questionnaire (KVIQ), which assesses motor imagery ability, into Japanese, and (2) investigate the reliability and validity of the Japanese KVIQ. We enrolled 28 healthy adults in this study. We used Cronbach’s alpha coefficients to assess reliability reflected by the internal consistency. Additionally, we assessed validity reflected by the criterion-related validity between the Japanese KVIQ and the Japanese version of the Movement Imagery Questionnaire-Revised (MIQ-R) with Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients...
May 2, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710767/effects-of-excitatory-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-of-the-p3-point-in-chronic-stroke-patients-case-reports
#14
Ronaldo Luis da Silva, Angela Maria Costa de Souza, Francielly Ferreira Santos, Sueli Toshie Inoue, Johanne Higgins, Victor Frak
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of excitatory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the international 10⁻20 system P3 point (intraparietal sulcus region) in chronic patients with a frontal lesion and parietal sparing due to stroke on the impaired upper (UL) and lower limb (LL) as measured by the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA). METHODS: Three patients (C1: 49.83/2.75, C2: 53.17/3.83, C3: 63.33/3.08-years-old at stroke/years post-stroke, respectively) received two weeks (five days/week) of rTMS at 10 Hz of P3...
April 28, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702572/musical-experience-sensorineural-auditory-processing-and-reading-subskills-in-adults
#15
Parker Tichko, Erika Skoe
Developmental research suggests that sensorineural auditory processing, reading subskills (e.g., phonological awareness and rapid naming), and musical experience are related during early periods of reading development. Interestingly, recent work suggests that these relations may extend into adulthood, with indices of sensorineural auditory processing relating to global reading ability. However, it is largely unknown whether sensorineural auditory processing relates to specific reading subskills, such as phonological awareness and rapid naming, as well as musical experience in mature readers...
April 27, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702550/chiropractic-manipulation-increases-maximal-bite-force-in-healthy-individuals
#16
Heidi Haavik, Mustafa Görkem Özyurt, Imran Khan Niazi, Kelly Holt, Rasmus Wiberg Nedergaard, Gizem Yilmaz, Kemal Sitki Türker
Recent research has shown that chiropractic spinal manipulation can alter central sensorimotor integration and motor cortical drive to human voluntary muscles of the upper and lower limb. The aim of this paper was to explore whether spinal manipulation could also influence maximal bite force. Twenty-eight people were divided into two groups of 14, one that received chiropractic care and one that received sham chiropractic care. All subjects were naive to chiropractic. Maximum bite force was assessed pre- and post-intervention and at 1-week follow up...
April 27, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695123/different-hemodynamic-responses-of-the-primary-motor-cortex-accompanying-eccentric-and-concentric-movements-a-functional-nirs-study
#17
Lénaic Borot, Grégoire Vergotte, Stéphane Perrey
The literature contains limited evidence on how our brains control eccentric movement. A higher activation is expected in the contralateral motor cortex (M1) but consensus has not yet been reached. Therefore, the present study aimed to compare patterns of M1 activation between eccentric and concentric movements. Nine healthy participants performed in a randomized order three sets of five repetitions of eccentric or concentric movement with the dominant elbow flexors over a range of motion of 60° at two velocities (30°/s and 60°/s)...
April 24, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690601/prediction-of-human-performance-using-electroencephalography-under-different-indoor-room-temperatures
#18
Tapsya Nayak, Tinghe Zhang, Zijing Mao, Xiaojing Xu, Lin Zhang, Daniel J Pack, Bing Dong, Yufei Huang
Varying indoor environmental conditions is known to affect office worker’s performance; wherein past research studies have reported the effects of unfavorable indoor temperature and air quality causing sick building syndrome (SBS) among office workers. Thus, investigating factors that can predict performance in changing indoor environments have become a highly important research topic bearing significant impact in our society. While past research studies have attempted to determine predictors for performance, they do not provide satisfactory prediction ability...
April 23, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690558/abuse-of-prescription-drugs-in-the-context-of-novel-psychoactive-substances-nps-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Fabrizio Schifano, Stefania Chiappini, John M Corkery, Amira Guirguis
Recently, a range of prescription and over-the-counter drugs have been reportedly used as Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS), due to their potential for abuse resulting from their high dosage/idiosyncratic methods of self-administration. This paper provides a systematic review of the topic, focusing on a range of medications which have emerged as being used recreationally, either on their own or in combination with NPS. Among gabapentinoids, pregabalin may present with higher addictive liability levels than gabapentin, with pregabalin being mostly identified in the context of opioid, polydrug intake...
April 22, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690521/the-gaba-a-receptor-%C3%AE-2-subunit-activates-a-neuronal-tlr4-signal-in-the-ventral-tegmental-area-that-regulates-alcohol-and-nicotine-abuse
#20
Irina Balan, Kaitlin T Warnock, Adam Puche, Marjorie C Gondre-Lewis, Harry June, Laure Aurelian
Alcoholism initiates with episodes of excessive alcohol drinking, known as binge drinking, which is one form of excessive drinking (NIAAA Newsletter, 2004) that is related to impulsivity and anxiety (Ducci et al., 2007; Edenberg et al., 2004) and is also predictive of smoking status. The predisposition of non-alcohol exposed subjects to initiate binge drinking is controlled by neuroimmune signaling that includes an innately activated neuronal Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signal. This signal also regulates cognitive impulsivity, a heritable trait that defines drug abuse initiation...
April 21, 2018: Brain Sciences
journal
journal
47576
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"