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Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104753/antimicrobial-hydroxyapatite-gelatin-silica-composite-pastes-with-tunable-setting-properties
#1
Vuk Uskoković, Shreya Ghosh, Victoria M Wu
Bone grafting is one of the commonest surgical procedures, yet all bone substitutes developed so far suffer from specific weaknesses and the search for a bone graft material with ideal physical and biological properties is still ongoing. Calcium phosphate pastes are the most frequently used synthetic bone grafts, yet they (a) often take an impractically long time to set, (b) release the drug content too fast, and (c) do not form pores large enough to accommodate host cells and foster osseointegration. To make up for these deficiencies, we introduced gelatin and silica to pastes composed of 5-15 nm sized hydroxyapatite nanoparticles and yielded a bioresorbable composite that is compact, yet flowing upon injection; that prevents setting at room temperature, but sets promptly, in minutes, at 37 °C; that displays an increase in surface porosity following immersion in physiological fluids; that allows for sustained release of antibiotics; and that sets in a tunable manner and in clinically relevant time windows: 1-3 minutes at its fastest...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868145/co-delivery-of-paclitaxel-and-cisplatin-with-biocompatible-plga-peg-nanoparticles-enhances-chemoradiotherapy-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-models
#2
Jing Tian, Yuanzeng Min, Zachary Rodgers, Kin Man Au, C Tilden Hagan, Maofan Zhang, Kyle Roche, Feifei Yang, Kyle Wagner, Andrew Z Wang
Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with paclitaxel (PTX) and cisplatin (CP) is part of the standard of care for patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Despite the high treatment intensity, many patients still develop local recurrence after treatment. Thus, there is a strong need to further improve CRT for lung cancer. One strategy is to co-deliver cytotoxic chemotherapy agents using biocompatible nanoparticles (NPs) which can limit off-target tissue toxicity and improve therapeutic efficacy...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081976/oral-delivery-of-curcumin-via-porous-polymeric-nanoparticles-for-effective-ulcerative-colitis-therapy
#3
Qiubing Chen, Xiaoying Si, Lijun Ma, Panpan Ma, Meili Hou, Shuang Bai, Xiaoshuai Wu, Ying Wan, Bo Xiao, Didier Merlin
Oral drug delivery has been considered as a promising strategy for ulcerative colitis (UC) therapy. Here, an emulsion solvent evaporation technique was employed to prepare non-porous curcumin (CUR)-loaded polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) and porous CUR-loaded polymeric NPs in the absence or presence of ammonium bicarbonate. The resultant CUR-loaded NPs (non-porous NPs and porous NPs) had a desirable mean particle size of around 260 nm with a narrow size distribution, a uniform pore size distribution, slightly negative-charged surface, high encapsulation efficiency and controlled drug release capacity...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848651/a-general-strategy-for-generating-gradients-of-bioactive-proteins-on-electrospun-nanofiber-mats-by-masking-with-bovine-serum-albumin
#4
Michael L Tanes, Jiajia Xue, Younan Xia
Electrospun nanofibers are widely used in tissue engineering owing to their capability to mimic the structures and architectures of various types of extracellular matrices. However, it has been difficult to incorporate a biochemical cue into the physical cue provided by the nanofibers. Here we report a simple and versatile method for generating gradients of bioactive proteins on nanofiber mats. We establish that the adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA) onto nanofibers is a time- and concentration-dependent process...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098078/simulation-of-ecm-with-silk-and-chitosan-nanocomposite-materials
#5
Z Z Ding, J Ma, W He, Z L Ge, Q Lu, D L Kaplan
Extracellular matrix (ECM) is a system used to model the design of biomaterial matrices for tissue regeneration. Various biomaterial systems have been developed to mimic the composition or microstructure of the ECM. However, emulating multiple facets of the ECM in these systems remains a challenge. Here, a new strategy is reported which addresses this need by using silk fibroin and chitosan (CS) nanocomposite materials. Silk fibroin was first assembled into ECM-mimetic nanofibers in water and then blended with CS to introduce the nanostructural cues...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966791/janus-nanoparticles-for-t-cell-activation-clustering-ligands-to-enhance-stimulation
#6
Kwahun Lee, Yan Yu
The in vitro activation of T cells by synthetic particles is a promising technique for adoptive cancer immunotherapy. While it is known that cell-surface receptors form clusters during T cell activation, the use of clustered ligands on synthetic particles to modulate T cell response is a largely unexplored concept. Building upon our previous finding that T cells respond differently to various micro-sized patterns of ligands, we here investigate the effect of nano-sized ligand clusters on T cell activation. Two-faced Janus nanoparticles were fabricated to display ligands of different functions in spatially segregated clusters on single nanoparticles...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652916/tunable-delayed-controlled-release-profile-from-layered-polymeric-microparticles
#7
D Dutta, C Fauer, K Hickey, M Salifu, S E Stabenfeldt
Composite microparticles (MPs) with layered architecture, engineered from poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) and poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), are promising devices for achieving the delayed release of proteins. Here, we build on a water-in-oil-in-oil-in-water emulsion method of fabricating layered MPs with an emphasis on modulating the delay period of the protein release profile. Particle hardening parameters (i.e. polymer precipitation rate and total hardening time) following water-in-oil-in-oil-in-water emulsions are known to affect MP structure such as the core/shell material and cargo localization...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152304/in-situ-protein-templated-porous-protein-hydroxylapatite-nanocomposite-microspheres-for-ph-dependent-sustained-anticancer-drug-release
#8
Yajun Shuai, Shuxu Yang, Chenlin Li, Liangjun Zhu, Chuanbin Mao, Mingying Yang
Silk sericin, a water-soluble glue-like protein, is extensively used as a biomaterial due to its biocompatibility, hydrophilicity, biodegradability, and adequate resource. In addition, hydroxyapatite-based drug carriers are functionally efficient for drug or gene delivery due to their biodegradability, biocompatibility and easy metabolism in vivo. Herein, for the first time, this study used sericin, from a wild silkworm called Antheraea pernyi (A. pernyi), as a template to nucleate hydroxylapatite (HAp) nano-needles and form porous sericin-HAp nanocomposite microspheres as an anticancer drug carrier...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046805/reprogrammable-ultra-fast-shape-transformation-of-macroporous-composite-hydrogel-sheets
#9
Hongyu Guo, Jian Cheng, Jianying Wang, Peng Huang, Yijing Liu, Zheng Jia, Xiaoyuan Chen, Kunyan Sui, Teng Li, Zhihong Nie
In this communication, we report a composite macroporous hydrogel sheet that can rapidly transform into multiple 3D shapes in response to near-infrared (NIR) light on demand. The transformation relies on the photo-thermal-induced asymmetric shrinking of the hydrogel material, which is further verified by finite element modeling.
April 28, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966790/a-biomaterial-approach-to-cell-reprogramming-and-differentiation
#10
Joseph Long, Hyejin Kim, Dajeong Kim, Jong Bum Lee, Deok-Ho Kim
Cell reprogramming of somatic cells into pluripotent states and subsequent differentiation into certain phenotypes has helped progress regenerative medicine research and other medical applications. Recent research has used viral vectors to induce this reprogramming; however, limitations include low efficiency and safety concerns. In this review, we discuss how biomaterial methods offer potential avenues for either increasing viability and downstream applicability of viral methods, or providing a safer alternative...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729901/aptamer-functionalized-neural-recording-electrodes-for-the-direct-measurement-of-cocaine-in-vivo
#11
I Mitch Taylor, Zhanhong Du, Emma T Bigelow, James R Eles, Anthony R Horner, Kasey A Catt, Stephen G Weber, Brian G Jamieson, X Tracy Cui
Cocaine is a highly addictive psychostimulant that acts through competitive inhibition of the dopamine transporter. In order to fully understand the region specific neuropathology of cocaine abuse and addiction, it is unequivocally necessary to develop cocaine sensing technology capable of directly measuring real-time cocaine transient events local to different brain regions throughout the pharmacokinetic time course of exposure. We have developed an electrochemical aptamer-based in vivo cocaine sensor on a silicon based neural recording probe platform capable of directly measuring cocaine from discrete brain locations using square wave voltammetry (SWV)...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630710/hdac-inhibitor-conjugated-polymeric-prodrug-micelles-for-doxorubicin-delivery
#12
Suchithra A Senevirathne, Katherine E Washington, Jason B Miller, Michael C Biewer, David Oupicky, Daniel J Siegwart, Mihaela C Stefan
Amphiphilic diblock copolymers bearing histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) (4-phenyl butyric acid and valproic acid) were synthesized by the ring-opening polymerization of γ-4-phenylbutyrate-ε-caprolactone (PBACL), γ-valproate-ε-caprolactone (VPACL), and ε-caprolactone (CL) from a poly(ethylene glycol) macroinitiator (PEG). These amphiphilic diblock copolymers self-assembled into stable pro-drug micelles and demonstrated excellent biocompatibility. High loading of doxorubicin (DOX) up to 5.1 wt% was achieved...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529754/chitosan-poly-caprolactone-nanofibers-for-skin-repair
#13
Sheeny Lan Levengood, Ariane E Erickson, Fei-Chien Chang, Miqin Zhang
Dermal wounds, both acute and chronic, represent a significant clinical challenge and therefore the development of novel biomaterial-based skin substitutes to promote skin repair is essential. Nanofibers have garnered attention as materials to promote skin regeneration due to the similarities in morphology and dimensionality between nanofibers and native extracellular matrix proteins, which are critical in guiding cutaneous wound healing. Electrospun chitosan-poly(caprolactone) (CPCL) nanofiber scaffolds, which combine the important intrinsic biological properties of chitosan and the mechanical integrity and stability of PCL, were evaluated as skin tissue engineering scaffolds using a mouse cutaneous excisional skin defect model...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736613/cd200-modulates-macrophage-cytokine-secretion-and-phagocytosis-in-response-to-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-microparticles-and-films
#14
E Y Chen, S Chu, L Gov, Y K Kim, M B Lodoen, A J Tenner, W F Liu
Biocompatibility is a major concern for developing biomaterials used in medical devices, tissue engineering and drug delivery. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) is one of the most widely used biodegradable materials, yet still triggers a significant foreign body response that impairs healing. Immune cells including macrophages respond to the implanted biomaterial and mediate the host response, which can eventually lead to device failure. Previously in our laboratory, we found that CD200, an immunomodulatory protein, suppressed macrophage inflammatory activation in vitro and reduced local immune cell infiltration around a biomaterial implant...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062484/weak-bond-based-injectable-and-stimuli-responsive-hydrogels-for-biomedical-applications
#15
Xiaochu Ding, Yadong Wang
Here we define hydrogels crosslinked by weak bonds as physical hydrogels. They possess unique features including reversible bonding, shear thinning and stimuli-responsiveness. Unlike covalently crosslinked hydrogels, physical hydrogels do not require triggers to initiate chemical reactions for in situ gelation. The drug can be fully loaded in a pre-formed hydrogel for delivery with minimal cargo leakage during injection. These benefits make physical hydrogels useful as delivery vehicles for applications in biomedical engineering...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966792/cationic-acrylate-oligomers-comprising-amino-acid-mimic-moieties-demonstrate-improved-antibacterial-killing-efficiency
#16
James L Grace, Alysha G Elliott, Johnny X Huang, Elena K Schneider, Nghia P Truong, Matthew A Cooper, Jian Li, Thomas P Davis, John F Quinn, Tony Velkov, Michael R Whittaker
Cu(0)-mediated polymerization was employed to synthesize a library of structurally varied cationic polymers and their application as antibacterial peptide mimics was assessed. Eight platform polymers were first synthesized with low degrees of polymerization (DP) using (2-Boc-amino)ethyl acrylate as the monomer and either ethyl α-bromoisobutyrate or dodecyl 2-bromoisobutyrate as the initiator (thus providing hydrocarbon chain termini of C2 or C12, respectively). A two-step modification strategy was then employed to generate the final sixteen-member polymer library...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652917/photocrosslinkable-biodegradable-hydrogels-with-controlled-cell-adhesivity-for-prolonged-sirna-delivery-to-hmscs-to-enhance-their-osteogenic-differentiation
#17
Minh Khanh Nguyen, Alexandra McMillan, Cong Truc Huynh, Daniel S Schapira, Eben Alsberg
Photocrosslinked, biodegradable hydrogels have been extensively investigated for biomedical applications, including drug delivery and tissue engineering. Here, dextran (DEX) was chemically modified with mono(2-acryloyloxyethyl) succinate (MAES) via an esterification reaction, resulting in macromers that could be photocrosslinked to form hydrolytically degradable hydrogels. Hydrogel swelling ratio and degradation rate were controlled by varying the degree of MAES modification. Thiolated cell adhesion peptides (GRGDSPC) were conjugated to acrylated dextran via thiol-acrylate reaction to regulate the interactions of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) with the photocrosslinkable hydrogels...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670454/post-nano-strategies-for-drug-delivery-multistage-porous-silicon-microvectors
#18
Alessandro Venuta, Joy Wolfram, Haifa Shen, Mauro Ferrari
Nanodelivery systems usually improve the biodistribution of drugs, leading to reduced side effects and enhanced therapeutic efficacy. However, only a small portion of the injected nanoparticle dose accumulates in pathological tissue. Challenges in drug delivery arise due to a multitude of transport obstacles in the body, including the endothelium, the extracellular matrix, and the cell membrane. In general, nanoparticles are designed to overcome only a few biological barriers, making them inadequate for localized drug delivery...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066550/a-microfluidic-based-cell-encapsulation-platform-to-achieve-high-long-term-cell-viability-in-photopolymerized-pegnb-hydrogel-microspheres
#19
Zhongliang Jiang, Bingzhao Xia, Ralph McBride, John Oakey
Cell encapsulation within photopolymerized polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based hydrogel scaffolds has been demonstrated as a robust strategy for cell delivery, tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, and developing in vitro platforms to study cellular behavior and fate. Strategies to achieve spatial and temporal control over PEG hydrogel mechanical properties, chemical functionalization, and cytocompatibility have advanced considerably in recent years. Recent microfluidic technologies have enabled the miniaturization of PEG hydrogels, thus enabling the fabrication of miniaturized cell-laden vehicles...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025618/ab3-loaded-and-tumor-targeted-unimolecular-micelles-for-medullary-thyroid-cancer-treatment
#20
Renata Jaskula-Sztul, Guojun Chen, Ajitha Dammalapati, April Harrison, Weiping Tang, Shaoqin Gong, Herbert Chen
Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is often resistant to standard therapies, emphasizing the need for the development of other treatments. A new histone deacetylase inhibitor, AB3, can effectively inhibit MTC cell proliferation in vitro. However, its poor aqueous solubility and stability, fast clearance, and lack of tumor targeting ability limit its in vivo application. Therefore, multifunctional unimolecular micelles were developed for targeted delivery of AB3 for MTC therapy. The unimolecular micelles exhibited a spherical core-shell structure, uniform size distribution, and excellent stability...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
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