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Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery

Fernando M Saldivar-Galindo, David F Navarro-Barquin, Francisco Santamaría-Orozco, Felipe A Piña-Avilés, Norma G Saldivar-Álvarez, Javier E Anaya-Ayala
Parotid gland hemangiomas represent <0.6% of the total tumors of the gland and there are <50 tumors reported during adult age, so there is no standard treatment. A 18-year-old female presents with a mass in the right parotid gland of 18 months of a slow progressive asymptomatic growth; on physical examination, only the mass was detected. An angiography was performed, and it reported a possible hemangioma that depends on the right internal maxillary artery and right facial artery and was not suitable for embolization...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Suday G Rajurkar, Mohan D Deshpande, Noaman Kazi, Dhanashree Jadhav, Pallavi Ranadive, Snehal Ingole
Aneurysmal Bone cyst (ABC)is a rare benign lesion of the bone which is infrequent in craniofacial region (12%). Rapid growth pattern causing bone expansion and facial asymmetry is a characteristic feature of ABC. Giant cell lesion is another distinct pathological entity. Here we present to you a rare case of dual pathology in an 11 year old female patient who presented with a large expansile lesion in the left hemimandible. All radiographic investigations were suggestive of ABC, aspiration of the lesion resulted in blood aspirate...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ayesha Moin, Akshay D Shetty
Malignant lymphomas form a heterogeneous group of neoplasms of the lymphoid tissue with different clinical courses, depending on the treatment and prognosis. Lymphoma is a malignant neoplasm of the lymphoid tissue; it is broadly classified into Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and Non-HL (NHL) depending on the presence or absence of the Reed-Sternberg cells. The main types of lymphomas are (1) HL and (2) NHL. This case report describes about primary NHL involving the mandible. Chemotherapy was advised by the oncologist, and a total of 14 cycles were suggested at the gap of every 2 weeks...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
S Vijayanand, Narahari Ranganatha, Madhumati Singh, Ramesh Babu
Acquired capillary hemangioma of the eyelid is very uncommon in adults. To our knowledge, only eight such cases have been reported in the literature till date. We report the case of a 25-year-old female with acquired capillary hemangioma of the left lower eyelid treated by cutting diathermy followed by reconstruction of the cutaneous and cartilaginous defect. This patient had a history of a similar lesion in the left malar region treated 5 years back. This case is being presented to highlight the occurrence of such lesions in an adult and to discuss the dilemmas in the diagnosis and management...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Saurabh Gajanan Kale, Akshay Shetty, Jintu Balakrishnan, Praveen Purvey
Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO) is a rare odontogenic tumor. Initially believed to be a lesion similar to ameloblastic fibroma (AF), it is now considered as a separate entity in the WHO odontogenic tumor classification. Commonly associated with a painless swelling and an associated absence of eruption of a tooth, AFO presents as a mixed radiopaque and radiolucent lesion in the younger population with a predilection for the posterior region. Histologically, it shows the characteristics of an immature complex odontoma with irregularly arranged enamel, dentinoid, cementoid-like structures, and ectomesenchymal tissue...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Anuj S Dadhich, Seemit Shah, Harish Saluja, Parul Tandon, Vinayak More
Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common cancer occurring in the oral cavity. The lips are one of the most common sites of occurrence with involvement, lower lip being more common than upper. Reconstruction of large defects of lower lip with good functional and esthetic outcome is the biggest challenge faced by the surgeon. Karapandzic flap is one the most commonly used technique for reconstruction of large defects of the lower lip.
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ejvis Lamani, Katelyn B Feinberg, Chung H Kau
Short root anomaly (SRA) is a poorly understood developmental disorder and can significantly compromise the patient's dental treatment. This case report describes the treatment of a 15-year-old girl with SRA and discusses the implication of this disorder on orthodontic and orthognathic treatment of patients.
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Abhay Datarkar, Surendra Daware, Ravi Dande, Ujwala Datarkar
Microtia is a major congenital anomaly of the external ear. It includes a spectrum of deformities from a grossly normal but small ear to the absence of the entire external ear. These deformities account for three in every 10,000 births, with bilaterally missing ears seen in fewer than 10% of all cases. Extraoral implant-retained ear prosthesis has been proven to be a predictable treatment option for rehabilitation of such congenital anomalies. This paper aims to present principles of maxillofacial implants, review of literature, advantages, disadvantages, and considerations in treatment planning and treatment phases of an implant-supported auricular prosthesis and prospective developments for ear prosthesis are also discussed...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
S M Balaji
Congenital transverse and oblique facial clefts are rare congenital anomalies, and cooccurence of these is still more a rare anomaly. The condition most commonly is often associated with anomalies of the first and second branchial arches. The manuscript intends to present one such rare case of Tessier's cleft type 3-7 and present its early management as well as long-term treatment plan.
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ajaz Ahmad Shah, Tajamul Ahmad Hakim, Shahid Farooq, Mubashir Younis, Shamina Kosar, Altaf Malik, Latief Najar
Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome is one of the genetic disorders involving disturbances in mucopolysaccaride metabolism, due to deficiency of aryl sulfatase-B which leads to accumulation of dermatan sulfate in tissues and their excretion in urine. The diseases has several oral and dental manifestations, is first diagnosed on the basis of clinical findings. It is characterized by coarse facial features, normal intelligence, organomegaly, enlarged head, short neck, corneal clouding, enlarged tongue, and prominent metachromatic inclusions in leukocytes...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Jigna S Shah, Vijay K Asrani
Frey's syndrome is characterized by unilateral sweating and flushing of the skin in the area of the parotid gland, occurring during meal, or on salivary stimulation. It is a common complication following surgery/injury in the parotid gland region/temporomandibular joint surgery; however, very few cases have been reported of its occurrence following herpetic infection. It is important for the clinician to recognize its unusual symptoms as early as possible to prevent its potential negative social and psychological effect on the patient...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Arash Khojasteh, Lida Kheiri, Saeed Reza Motamedian, Vahid Khoshkam
Background: Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is the most common technique for localized bone augmentation. Purpose: The purpose of this review was to categorize and assess various GBR approaches for the reconstruction of human alveolar bone defects. Materials and Methods: Electronic search of four databases including PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane and hand searching were performed to identify human trials attempting GBR for the reconstruction of alveolar bony defects for at least 10 patients from January 2000 to August 2015...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Zachary R Abramson, Srinivas M Susarla, Anand R Kumar, Asim F Choudhri
Identifying the normal relationship of the orbital rims to the globes is critical in planning surgical correction of craniofacial deformities affecting the orbit. This article illustrates a technical proof of principle and mathematical basis for a computed tomography-based measurement of the sagittal orbit-globe relationship. The technique does not require subject cooperation and is, therefore, optimal for pediatric craniofacial surgical treatment planning and outcome evaluation.
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Danilo Louzada De Oliveira, Thiago Calcagnotto, Thessio Mina Vago, Hugo Nary Filho, Danilo Pinelli Valarelli, Caio Peres Bellato
Purpose: This study aimed to quantify, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in patients who underwent a mandibular advancement surgery associated with genioplasty, three-dimensional changes in airway space and to evaluate whether these changes differ between men and women. Materials and Methods: Preoperative and 8-month postoperative CBCT scans of 38 patients aged 18-45 years of either sex and any ethnicity who underwent mandibular advancement surgery associated with genioplasty were analyzed using the Xoran software (Xoran Technologies, Ann Arbor, MI, USA)...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Sasikala Balasubramanian, Elavenil Paneerselvam, T Guruprasad, M Pathumai, Simin Abraham, V B Krishnakumar Raja
Objective: The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to assess the efficacy of exclusive lingual nerve block (LNB) in achieving selective lingual soft-tissue anesthesia in comparison with conventional inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB). Materials and Methods: A total of 200 patients indicated for the extraction of lower premolars were recruited for the study. The samples were allocated by randomization into control and study groups. Lingual soft-tissue anesthesia was achieved by IANB and exclusive LNB in the control and study group, respectively...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Adil Gandevivala, Amit Sangle, Dinesh Shah, Avneesh Tejnani, Aatif Sayyed, Gaurav Khutwad, Arpit Arunbhai Patel
Aim and Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the third molar impactions, with respect to: pain, swelling, healing, and periodontal status distal to the second molar in patients who need surgical removal of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five patients of both sexes aged between 16 and 60 years who required bilateral surgical removal of their impacted third molars and met the inclusion criteria were included in the study...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ritesh Garg, Neha Mishra, Mohan Alexander, Sunil Kumar Gupta
Introduction: With introduction of the term "ossteointegration of dental implant" by Branemark, advancement in implantology from 1957 to 2017 has come a long way with modification in implant type and in loading time. This study aims to evaluate the survival of endo-osseous immediate loading (IL) implant and basal IL implants in atrophic jaws with objective to compare implant survival in atrophic jaws for full mouth rehabilitation between endo-osseous IL versus endo-osseous delayed loading (DL) versus basal IL during 3-year follow-up...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Scharukh Jalisi, Basem T Jamal, Gregory A Grillone
Introduction: Eagle's syndrome is a rare condition that refers to chronic recurrent pain in the oropharynx, face, and neck due to elongation of the styloid process or calcification of the stylohyoid ligament. It can be treated medically or surgically through a styloidectomy. In this paper, we review our experience with the two surgical approaches for the management of Eagle's syndrome. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review, which covered the period between 1997 and 2008...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Scharukh Jalisi, Osamu Sakai, Basem T Jamal, Vartan Mardirossian
Introduction: Untreated prevertebral space infections, which can be overlooked because of connections with surrounding spaces, may lead to spinal epidural accumulations that cause cord compression. The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiologic and diagnostic features of cases of prevertebral disease encountered by head and neck specialists. Materials and Methods: The study was designed as a retrospective chart review of 11 patients with prevertebral disease who presented to a head and neck surgery specialist for consultation from 2004 to 2010...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Sergey Alexandrovich Yasonov, Andrey Vyacheslavovich Lopatin, Alexandr Yurievich Kugushev
Aims: The aim of this study is to compare clinical features of sphenofrontal craniosynostosis (SFC) and unilateral coronary craniosynostosis. Settings and Design: This was a retrospective study with two groups of patients with sphenofrontal and coronary craniosynostosis. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of the 1999-2016 archive data in Russian Children's Clinical Hospital. Ninety-five patients were diagnosed with frontal plagiocephaly...
July 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
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