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Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery

S M Balaji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ritesh Garg, Mohan Alexander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Manoj Kumar Kanta, S Raviraja Kumar, B V Harish, A V Thomas Raja
Mandibular fractures represent approximately two-thirds of all maxillofacial fractures (nearly 70%), out of which fractures of mandibular ramus represent 3.09% which is considered to be a rare fracture site. They occur alone or in combination with other facial bone fractures resulting in loss of function and disfigurement. The pattern of mandibular fractures varies with geographic location, physical activity, social, cultural, and environmental factors. The main causes of mandibular fracture are road traffic accidents, interpersonal violence, falls, sports injuries, industrial trauma, and pathological fractures...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Balasundaram Thanneermalai, Prabodh Kumar Chattopadhyay, K Kamalpathey, Ravinder Singh Semi, Ajay Premanand Desai, Rahul P Menon
Penetrating facial injuries are potentially dangerous and may require emergency management because of the presence of vital structures in the face, and it may be life-threatening especially when the injury involves airway, major blood vessels, spinal cord, and cervical spines. Penetrating injuries of the facial region can occur due to missile injuries, blast injuries, motor vehicle accidents, and accidental fall on sharp objects. However, injury to face caused by the shattering of a protective helmet itself is extremely rare...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Sirmahan Çakarer, Sabri Cemil Isler, Basak Keskin Yalcin, Demirhan Diracoglu, Aysenur Uzun, Tolga Sitilci
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is fusion or a bony union of the head of the condyle and the glenoid fossa by bony or fibrotic tissues. Due to the immobility of the TMJ, all mandibular movements get affected. Treatment goals are to allow nearly normal TMJ movements, restore symmetry of the face and occlusion, and promote growth and correction of deformity in children. The surgical techniques used to treat TMJ ankylosis are a gap or interpositional arthroplasty, joint reconstruction, and distraction osteogenesis...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Vikas Dhupar, Francis Akkara, Pulkit Khandelwal, Archana Louis
Temporomandibular joint ankylosis may be true or false. Most commonly, trauma and inflammatory conditions lead to this condition. Zygomatico-coronoid ankylosis is a rare extra-articular (false) form of ankylosis of the jaw. This condition may follow treated or untreated midface fractures. Coronoid process locking may be overlooked because attention is generally focused on temporomandibular joint. A review of literature has reported 16 cases of this disorder. The true incidence of this condition may be even higher...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Sabri Cemil Isler, Sirmahan Cakarer, Basak Keskin Yalcin, Tolga Sitilci
Temporomandibular jaw dislocation is an uncontrolled anterior movement of the condyle beyond the articular eminence. It can occur mostly in young adults, and the symptoms are mouth opening disturbance, preauricular skin depression, tense masticatory muscles, and pain. The main purpose of the eminectomy procedure is removal of a part of the articular eminence to maintain free movement of the condyle. The surgical procedure may be performed by conventional surgery or piezosurgery. The present case report describes the management of a recurrent mandibular dislocation in a 28-year-old patient who had also treated conservatively with autologous blood injection...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Nisha Raghani, Manish J Raghani, Sruthi Rao, Santhosh Rao
Hemangiopericytomas (HPCs)/Solitary fibrous tumor are rare neoplasms of vascular origin that occur in head-and-neck region. These tumors arise from capillary pericytes and are difficult to distinguish from other tumors of vascular origin. HPC, initially described by Stout and Murray in 1942, usually occur in the fifth decade of life and account for 3%-5% of all soft-tissue sarcomas and 1% of all vascular tumors. The tumors usually occur in limbs, pelvis, or head-and-neck region; 15%-30% of all HPCs occur in head and neck...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Jatindernath Khanna, Radhika Ramaswami
Juvenile ossifying fibroma is a rare benign fibroosseous tumor which involves maxilla more than mandible. It usually occurs in children below 15 years of age. This article reports a case occurring in the mandible with the surgical treatment followed by us.
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Marc Anton Fuessinger, Pit Voss, Marc Christian Metzger, Claudia Zegpi, Wiebke Semper-Hogg
Malignant lymphomas are about 5% of all malignant tumors. Extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs) are found in 26% of these cases. Lymphomas of the head-and-neck area occur in 2%-3% of all malignancies, with 28% with an extranodal manifestation. Extranodal NHLs in the oral cavity are usually found in the maxilla, and rarely in the mandible. Their symptoms and clinical manifestation have no pathognomonic features; therefore, the expression of this uncommon entity can be diagnosed with an odontogenic inflammatory process, leading to a misdiagnosis...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ana Luiza Lima Medeiros Paz, Rafael Da Silva Caetano, Alvaro Henrique Borges, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato
The most common causes of parotid duct lesions are injuries with sharp instruments. Late alterations after such lesions lead to esthetic defects and complicates the treatment. This case report presents an alternative surgical technique for late reparation of the parotid duct. A 31-year-old male patient was admitted with a history of physical aggression by a glass bottle, resulting in cutting injuries in face and drainage of extraoral transparent fluid from the buccinatory region lesion Antibiotic therapy was initiated immediately, and the surgery was performed nine days after the incident...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Matias Garcia Blanco, Sebastian Ariel Puia
Sebaceous glands are reported to be normally located in the oral region in the vermilion of the upper lip and on the buccal mucosa. They are small yellowish bodies located immediately beneath the mucosa, and although numerous pathologies of these tissues have been described, very few clinical reports have been made. Pathologies such as ectopic location, hyperplasia, adenomas, carcinomas, and cysts have been described. If an excretory duct suffers a dilatation which does not regress of its own accord, it may originate a cyst...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Vikram Karande, Neelam N Andrade
It has been very aptly quoted, "Variety is the spice of life"; and so variations exist in all forms and kinds good or bad, and for the worst or the best! Mother nature in all her glory and beauty has been very generous, but what when she fails to provide? It is this very character of nature that gives us variations which sometimes manifest in a cruel way on the human body and gives us the eponym of syndromes. Dandy-Walker malformation is an abnormality of the central nervous system, which leads to hydrocephalus and is associated with other abnormalities...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Lakshmi Shetty, Khushal Gangwani, Deepak Kulkarni, Uday Londhe
This case report analyzes the clinical and radiographic features of odontogenic infection with underlying pathology. Systematic approach leads to narrow the differential diagnosis on the basis of exclusion. This results in correct diagnosis, proper treatment, and avoiding unnecessary treatment. This case report highlighted an unusual case of odontogenic infection involving adjacent fascial spaces with underlying pathology which was mimicking a cyst, tumor, and odontome. Systematic approach helped us achieve accurate diagnosis, treatment, and avoiding complications...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Mayank Chaturvedi, Arpita Jaidev, Rekha Thaddanee, Ajeet Kumar Khilnani
Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is a benign tumor of the salivary glands commonly seen in the parotid and submandibular salivary glands. Rarely, it is seen in the minor salivary glands located at lips, palate, and other parts of the upper aerodigestive tract. We report a case of an unusually large PA of the hard palate in a female patient involving left maxillary sinus and nasal cavity. After excising, the tumor with adequate clinical margins (1 cm), a large postsurgical defect was managed by the use of obturator and it gradually healed by secondary intention in about 6-month period...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Yuka Uchiyama, Tetsuro Sumi, Keisuke Marutani, Hiroo Takaoka, Shumei Murakami, Hiroyasu Kameyama, Yoshiaki Yura
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) was first described in 1882 as a hamartomatous disorder of neural crest derivation. We present the imaging of a 65-year-old woman with NF1. Computed tomography revealed that there were three major findings presented: skeletal deformity, an area of fat (probably related to mesodermal dysplasia), and benign neoplasm within the masticator space. Moreover, masticatory muscles were hypoplastic.
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
M K Karthikeyan, Ruby Mathews, Ramachandra Prabhakar, R Saravanan, M Ramasamy, N Raj Vikram
True intrusion is one of the difficult and complex goals to achieve which requires clinical judgment, skills, and experience. Intrusion requires less force level than other tooth movement, but it requires delicacy since the entire stress is concentrated in the apex of the root. Although true intrusion alone is not challenging, eliminating the adverse effect while intruding requires tedious skills of the clinician. A 17-year-old male patient with Class I malocclusion with open bite has a prominent maxillary cortical bone...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Hiroyuki Nakano, Kazuya Inoue, Tomoki Sumida, Tomohiro Yamada, Yoshihide Mori
The poly-L-lactic acid mini-plate system accomplished rapid development. However, the system still has a variety of problems. One such problem is the breakage of screws. In this technical report, we develop the temporary fixing screws made from stainless with hexagon steel that exhibit a hexagonal head and thread part that also features a tapping function.
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Urvi Shah, Hiren Patel, Haren Pandya, Hitesh Dewan, Bijal Bhavsar, Enosh Steward
Introduction: Ameloblastomatous calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) is an extremely rare histopathologic variant of COC, an odontogenic cyst of the jaws. It needs to be differentiated from closely associated variant ameloblastoma ex COC that is entitled to a more aggressive form of surgical management. Aim: The aim of this paper is to present a case of ameloblastomatous COC of the right mandibular angle region with review of literature describing this rare entity...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Stefan Ihde, Lukas Palka, Vivek Gaur, Antonina Ihde
This article analyses published prior article regarding the questions: is the study setup correct (true) and if comparable cases are evaluated for the compared methods. Futhermore the content, the pictures, the tables, the graphs and the pictures legends of the article and statistics are analysed for truth, relevance and applicability. We investigate furthermore if this article addresses all relevant questions regarding bias, the study groups, the evaluation of the outcomes and the evaluation of patient parameters such as burden of the treatment...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
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