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Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery

Yeong Ho Kim, Ji Hyun Lee, Jun Young Lee, Young Min Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ajaz Shah, Shahi Jahan, Latief Najar, Shahid Hassan, Manzoor Mohammad
A case of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to the mandible is reported. A 22-year-old man consulted us for hypoesthesia of the right lower lip. Panorama X-ray film showed a radiolucent lesion in the right mandibular body. A diagnosis of a metastatic tumor to the mandible from the right kidney was made after evaluation by computed tomography and bone scan with Tc99 methyl diphosphonate which also revealed multiple bone metastases. Histologically diagnosis was clear cell variant of RCC. Patient has been put on radiotherapy for symptomatic treatment and a molecularly targeted drug...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Geeta Kekre, Abhaya Gupta, Paras Kothari, Vishesh Dikshit, Prashant Patil, Shahji Deshmukh, Apoorva Kulkarni, Aditi Deshpande
Teratomas are among the most common tumors of childhood, but craniofacial teratomas are rare. They can be diagnosed antenatally. Craniofacial teratomas may cause airway obstruction in the newborn. We present a case of a newborn male child who was diagnosed to have a facial tumor in the 8(th) month of gestation. He was delivered normally and had no respiratory or feeding difficulties. He was also found to have a cleft palate. Serum alpha fetoprotein levels were normal. He underwent excision on day of life 9...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Chingiz Rahimov, Ruslan Asadov, Gunel Hajiyeva, Nazim Verdiyev, Zaur Novruzov, Ismayil Farzaliyev
Crouzon syndrome is one of the frequent pathologies within craniosynostosis syndrome. Current progress in computers and biotechnologies allows improving surgical approach and forecasting final result of reconstruction as well. We present a case of successful surgical treatment of Crouzon syndrome, done by application of virtual planning allowing determining "monobloc" features, type of reconstruction and distraction protocol as well. A 20-year-old female had presented with craniofacial deformity. Clinical and radiological investigation revealed Crouzon syndrome...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah, Taoreed Oladejo, Timothy Oyetunde Olarinoye, Adedapo Omowonuola Adetoye, Patrick Olanrewaju Osho
This report describes the multidisciplinary management of a 35-year-old female sickle-cell anemia patient who had unilateral bony ankylosis of the left temporomandibular joint secondary to septic arthritis. She was managed by a team comprising of maxillofacial surgeons, anesthetists, otorhinolaryngologist, and hematologist. Unilateral left interpositional arthroplasty and ipsilateral coronoidectomy through a postrami approach were done and followed by aggressive jaw physiotherapy in the postsurgical period...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
José Wilson Noleto, Ivana Alencar Svenson Ramos, Julierme Ferreira Rocha, Idelmo Rangel Garcia, Berthiene M Salvador Roberto
Tertiary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) is a rare condition that affects patients with secondary HPT, which develop hyperplasia of the parathyroid glands, thus causing an increase in parathyroid hormone levels. Bone alterations are the main consequences of this condition including the development of osteolytic lesions called brown tumor. This article reports an unusual case of brown tumors located in the maxilla and mandible in a 19-year-old man with chronic renal failure with hyperplasia of the parathyroid glands...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ninan Thomas, Sankar V Vinod, Arun George, Aabu Varghese
Gorlin-Goltz syndrome due to its high variability in expression are often not diagnosed as the syndrome and often managed same as that of odontogenic keratocyst. But a more careful approach for the syndrome is needed as there is high chance of malignant changes owing to improper management of the syndrome. In this manuscript a case report of Gorlin-Goltz syndrome with the diagnostic features of the same in Indian population along with the difference in treatment protocol from treating an odontogenic keratocyst is described with review of literature...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Shushu He, Chung How Kau, Lina Liao, Keith Kinderknecht, Andrew Ow, Tayem Abou Saleh
BACKGROUND: The aim was to introduce and preliminarily evaluate a new software application, SICAT Function, which can directly combine and merge three-dimensional cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and electronic SICAT jaw motion tracking (JMT) data. METHODS: A detailed description of the methods and dynamic clinical simulation of mandibular movements of a patient are demonstrated. Functional jaw movements on 3 days were recorded by JMT tracking system. The simulation was performed by merging CBCT and JMT data in the software SICAT Function suite...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Nadia Abou Kheir, Chung How Kau
The growth of the craniofacial skeleton takes place from the 3(rd) week of intra-uterine life until 18 years of age. During this period, the craniofacial complex is affected by extrinsic and intrinsic factors which guide or alter the pattern of growth. Asymmetry can be encountered due to these multifactorial effects or as the normal divergence of the hemifacial counterpart occurs. At present, an orthodontist plays a major role not only in diagnosing dental asymmetry but also facial asymmetry. However, an orthodontist's role in treating or camouflaging the asymmetry can be limited due to the severity...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Brig N K Sahoo, I D Roy, Rohit Sharma, Maj Preeti Kaur
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) Ankylosis is an extremely disabling condition characterized by difficulty or inability to open the mouth resulting in facial asymmetry, malocclusion and dental problems. Surgical excision of the ankylosed mass is the only treatment option available to gain mouth opening. The loss in vertical height of ramus following release of ankylosis is difficult to manage in both unilateral and bilateral TMJ ankylosis. Out of all the methods to restore this height Distraction Osteogenesis (DO) is gaining popularity because of predictable gain in the length without any associated morbidity...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
K Manimaran, Rohini Sharma, S Sankaranarayanan, S Mahendra Perumal
Ameloblastoma is benign odontogenic tumor, which is locally aggressive in behavior. Till date, the treatment of choice is resection and reconstruction using a variety of modalities. Inadequate resection may lead to many complications such as bone deformity and dysfunction. This report is about a 14-year-old male with ameloblastoma treated with autologous dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and evidence of bone regeneration. Marsupialization was performed; tooth was extracted and sent for DPSC cultivation...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Leena P Ylikontiola, Ville Lehtonen, George K Sándor
BACKGROUND: Autogenous bone graft harvesting from the iliac crest is associated with donor site morbidity. The aim of this report is to describe the use of piezosurgery as an attempt at morbidity reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A piezosurgical handpiece and its selection of tips can easily be accommodated in an iliac crest wound to osteotomize and allow the harvest and delivery of autogenous bone grafts. RESULTS: Corticocancellous blocks or cancellous strips of autogenous bone can be readily harvested using a piezosurgical technique at the anterior iliac crest...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Manpreet Singh, Arpit Vashistha, Manoj Chaudhary, Gagandeep Kaur
The purpose of this manuscript is to add some more information in the present scientific literature on these nearly forgotten triangles of surgical importance. The neck is an area that lends itself to anatomical geometry, such as triangles. Many triangles of the neck have been described, and some are well-known, yet, some have been nearly forgotten, i.e., Lesser's triangle, Farabeuf triangle, Pirogoff's triangle, and Beclard's triangle. From the anatomic and surgical point of view, the neck is an amazingly interesting place...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Saeed Reza Motamedian, Moein Khojaste, Arash Khojasteh
The aim of this study is to review and compare survival/success rate of dental implants inserted in autogenous and allogenic bone blocks (ALBs). A PubMed search was performed from January 1990 to June 2014 limited to English language and human studies. Studies that reported treatment outcome of implants inserted in augmented alveolar ridges with autogenous or ALBs were included. Primary search identified 470 studies. For autogenous bone block (ABB) 36 articles and for ALB 23 articles met the inclusion criteria...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Leena P Ylikontiola, George K Sándor
BACKGROUND: The harvesting of a tooth as a candidate for tooth autotransplantation requires that the delicate dental tissues around the tooth be minimally traumatized. This is especially so for the periradicular tissues of the tooth root and the follicular tissues surrounding the crown. The aim of this report is to describe the use of piezosurgery as an attempt at morbidity reduction in the harvesting of teeth for autotransplantation. METHODS: A piezosurgical handpiece and its selection of tips were easily adapted to allow the harvesting and delivery of teeth for autotransplantation purposes...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Girish B Giraddi, Kirti Arora, A J Sai Anusha
AIMS: The aims of the study were to evaluate the efficacy of simultaneous interpositional arthroplasty with distraction osteogenesis (DO) as a single procedure and to give the patient acceptable functional rehabilitation with correction of the gross facial asymmetry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine patients of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis with micrognathia were treated with interpositional arthroplasty and simultaneous DO and followed for a period of minimum 3 years...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
S M Balaji
INTRODUCTION: A single center's experience of correction of cleft lip/palate associated rhinoplasty using Abbe flap is relatively rare in literature. The outcome and perception of the Abbe flap for cleft rhinoplasty at patient, surgeons, and patient's caregiver level have not been found in literature. This manuscript aims to address this lacuna through the use of rhinoplasty outcomes evaluation questionnaire (ROEQ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of preoperative satisfaction and prospective analysis of postoperative satisfaction of patients who underwent cleft rhinoplasty were carried out using ROEQ...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ali Ebrahimi, Nasrin Nejadsarvari, Hamid Reza Rasouli, Azin Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Anterior cranial bone defects secondary to global war cranial defects pose a unique reconstructive challenge. The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of alloplastic reconstructions of cranial bone with titanium mesh and fat graft after warfare-related cranial trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients at the plastic and reconstructive surgery ward of our hospital underwent anterior cranioplasty with titanium mesh with or without fat grafts from lower abdominal wall...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Duraiswamy Sankar, Radhika Krishnan, Muthusubramanian Veerabahu, Bhaskara Pandian Vikraman, J A Nathan
AIM: The aim was to determine the morbidity or mortality associated with the blind awake intubation technique in temporomandibular ankylosis patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A total of 48 cases with radiographically and clinically confirmed cases of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis were included in the study for evaluation of anesthetic management and its complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Airway assessment was done with standard proforma including Look externally, evaluate 3-3-2 rule, Mallampati classification, Obstruction, Neck mobility (LEMON) score assessment in all TMJ ankylosis patients...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
S M Balaji
INTRODUCTION: To report a single center's experience in correcting antimongoloid slant in Asian eyes using a minimally invasive approach. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing correction for antimongoloid slant at author's center, from 2007 to 2013 formed the study group. Concomitant surgical procedures were recorded. Pre- and post-operative photographs at the longest follow-up visit were analyzed and graded for functional and cosmetic outcomes...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
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