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Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299281/new-bone-formation-by-orthodontic-tooth-movement-for-implant-placement
#1
Fatih Cabbar, Rahime Burcu Nur, Burcu Dikici, Ceyhun Canpolat, Gonca Duygu Capar
Bone defects at the anterior regions of the jaws often cause esthetic problems such as gingival disharmonies and longer crowns than neighboring teeth. Variety of procedures can be used in this region for achieving sufficient bone volume with or without different bone graft materials. All of these procedures has their own advantages and disadventages. New bone formation was defined with orthodontic tooth movement in different regions. In this case we present the use of orthodontic tooth movement, for achieving sufficient bone volume, in anterior maxillary region, for esthetic and functional results...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299280/simple-bone-cyst-of-the-mandibular-condyle
#2
Benjamin H J Rapaport, Andrew A C Heggie
Simple bone cysts (SBCs) are benign lesions often found in the long bones of children between their first and second decades. They occasionally occur in the mandible but rarely in the mandibular condyle. A case of a 7-year-old female child with an increasing enlargement of the left mandibular condyle is presented. A 2 cm × 3 cm lytic lesion was explored and curetted through an intraoral vestibular incision and proved to be an SBC. Postoperative recovery was uncomplicated with remodeling of the condylar observed at 3 years follow-up...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299279/choristoma-a-rare-congenital-tumor-of-the-tongue
#3
Jessica Patricia Correa Jorquera, Josep Rubio-Palau, Asteria Albert Cazalla, Leonardo Rodríguez-Carunchio
Most congenital masses of the mouth floor are cystic, irrespective of their origin. They may obstruct airway or digestive tract or may present other complications. Recognizing and treating these masses expeditiously is imperative. Choristoma is a mass of normal tissue in an abnormal location; they are classified according to the predominant epithelial lining. Few cases have been reported lined with gastric and respiratory epithelia within the same cyst. This case report presents a 5-month-old boy with an infected choristoma involving the floor of the mouth and its successful management...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299278/a-rare-case-of-parotid-gland-lipoma-arising-from-the-deep-lobe-of-the-parotid-gland
#4
Francesco Paparo, Mauro Massarelli, Giorgio Giuliani
Lipomas are the most commonly encountered benign mesenchymal tumors, but their occurrence in the head and neck is rare, even more at the level of the parotid region where they can be found nearby the parotid capsule, inside the capsule, or within the gland. In addition, lipomas involving the deep parotid lobe are extremely unusual. That is why lipomas are not often considered for differential diagnosis of parotid lumps. Concerning diagnostic tools, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is nowadays considered as the main imaging examination for parotid lipomas due to a characteristic signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted images...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299277/osteolipoma-in-the-retromolar-trigone-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
Sareen Seelam, Ratna Kumari Beeram
Osteolipoma is the distinct histological variant of lipoma. Until now, a total of 17 cases have been documented in English literature. It is most commonly seen in buccal mucosa, floor of the mouth, tongue, palate, and parapharyngeal spaces of the oropharyngeal region. The aim of the present communication is to report an unusual presentation of osteolipoma in the retromolar trigone. Conventional radiographs have revealed "whorled pattern" of radiographic appearance in our case that might be due to uniform distribution of bony trabeculae within tumor; such type of finding has not been reported till now...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299276/unusually-large-sized-peripheral-ossifying-fibroma
#6
Reena Rachel John, Saravanan Kandasamy, Narendran Achuthan
Fibrous growths in the gingiva with the histopathological presence of calcifications are a common occurrence in the oral cavity. These lesions can be neoplastic in nature with either odontogenic or non odontogenic origin or they can be reactive lesions. This is a case report of an unusual presentation of peripheral ossifying fibroma , unusual because of its abnormally large size with review of literature.
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299275/unusually-elongated-styloid-process-a-report-of-two-cases-with-literature-review
#7
Neeta Sharma, Rangila Ram, Reet Kamal
Eagle's syndrome is most often associated with an elongated styloid process or ossified stylohyoid ligament, which may result in cervicofacial pain. Since the symptoms are vague and nonspecific, patients with the Eagle's syndrome are difficult to diagnose. We here report two cases of Eagle's syndrome, one case with unusually elongated styloid process of size 6.97 cm, in whom imaging with computed tomography established the diagnosis and managed by local infiltration of lidocaine and steroid; in another case the length of styloid processes were 3...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299274/bullet-removal-from-the-infratemporal-fossa
#8
Ahmed Maki Merza
War injuries are the cornerstone of maxillofacial surgery, and it led to the initiation and development of this specialty, and each case represents a challenge to the surgeon who deals with it. In this article, we present a 30-year-old male patient who was referred to our emergency department complaining of gunshot wound, severe pain, and limitation in mouth opening. Preoperative imaging showed a bullet with a very long path lodged in the infratemporal fossa. Three different approaches with the aid of C-arm imaging system were used for the removal of this bullet; the last approach was the successful one...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299273/guidelines-for-patient-specific-jawline-definition-with-titanium-implants-in-esthetic-deformity-and-malformation-surgery
#9
Maurice Yves Mommaerts
CONTEXT: Asymmetry and unfavorable esthetics of the jawline have become possible to correct in three dimensions using computer aided design and computer aided manufacturing. AIMS: The aim of this study was to provide esthetic, technical, and operative guidelines for mandibular angle and border augmentation using patient-specific titanium implants made by selective laser melting. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: University hospital - prospective registry...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299272/three-dimensional-planning-in-craniomaxillofacial-surgery
#10
Josep Rubio-Palau, Alejandra Prieto-Gundin, Asteria Albert Cazalla, Miguel Bejarano Serrano, Gemma Garcia Fructuoso, Francisco Parri Ferrandis, Alejandro Rivera Baró
INTRODUCTION: Three-dimensional (3D) planning in oral and maxillofacial surgery has become a standard in the planification of a variety of conditions such as dental implants and orthognathic surgery. By using custom-made cutting and positioning guides, the virtual surgery is exported to the operating room, increasing precision and improving results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present our experience in the treatment of craniofacial deformities with 3D planning. Software to plan the different procedures has been selected for each case, depending on the procedure (Nobel Clinician, Kodak 3DS, Simplant O&O, Dolphin 3D, Timeus, Mimics and 3-Matic)...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299271/three-dimensional-printer-assisted-reduction-genioplasty-surgical-guide-fabrication
#11
Seied Omid Keyhan, Alireza Jahangirnia, Hamid Reza Fallahi, Alireza Navabazam, Sina Ghanean
Genioplasty is a common operation to enhance function and appearance of the chin, the most prominent part of the lower third of the face, which has major impact on character impressions and facial beauty. However, since transference of preconfigured accurate treatment plans to patients during operation is difficult, sometimes it can be challenging, especially for inexperienced surgeons. This article represents a simplified technique to perform reduction genioplasty by utilizing a customized genioplasty guide manufactured with three-dimensional printing technology...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299270/6-0-nylon-versus-6-0-vicryl-rapide-in-chieloplasty
#12
J K Dayashankara Rao, Payal Luthra, Varun Arya, Vijay Siwach, Anil K Sheorain, Megha Gupta
CONTEXT: Facial cosmetic result is one of the most concerning issues for the parents who get their children operated for cleft lip. Moreover, the discomfort associated with the suture removal encourages one to use any new technology that may replace the need for suture placement. The type of suture material used in surgery has been a long-standing debate among surgeons. In this study, we compared rapidly absorbable suture material (Vicryl Rapide™) with nonabsorbable suture material (nylon)...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299269/temporalis-pull-through-vs-fascia-lata-augmentation-in-facial-reanimation-for-facial-paralysis
#13
S M Balaji
OBJECTIVES: Surgical rehabilitation of facial palsy is challenging as each case is unique and success rate is often unpredictable. In one technique, temporalis is elevated from origin preserving vessels, and this elevation increases the length which is tunneled into buccal tissues (pull-through technique, Group A). In the other technique, a harvested fascia lata is attached to temporalis after a coronoidectomy release and the fascia lata is attached to the modiolus (Group B). The aim of this study is to compare the two different surgical techniques...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299268/role-of-addition-of-dexamethasone-to-lignocaine-2-with-adrenaline-in-dental-nerve-blocks-for-third-molar-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-control-trial
#14
Saroj Prasad Deo
CONTEXT: Dexamethasone has been frequently used in oral surgical procedure and accepted by oral and maxillofacial surgeon community worldwide. However, this is the first clinical trial that used dexamethasone as adjuvant with lignocaine in dental nerve block (DNB). AIMS: The purpose of this double-blind, randomized control trial (RCT) was to compare the effect of dexamethasone with normal saline (NS) in a lignocaine DNB. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This prospective, double-blind, RCT was carried out after obtaining approval from the Institutional Ethical Committee...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299267/postsurgical-consequences-in-lower-third-molar-surgical-extraction-using-micromotor-and-piezosurgery
#15
Freddy Kersi Mistry, Nidarsh Diwakar Hegde, Mithra Nidarsh Hegde
BACKGROUND: One of the most critical and crucial steps in surgical extraction is cutting the bone or osteotomy, for which many techniques are used, e.g., chisels and mallet, rotary instruments, and ultrasound bone-cutting instruments. If they are not used judiciously, they can be hazardous. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficiency of piezosurgery unit over micromotor while performing surgical extraction of lower third molars by assessing the time taken for the surgery and measuring postoperative parameters such as pain, trismus, and swelling...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299266/three-dimensional-evaluation-of-surgical-techniques-in-neonates-with-orofacial-cleft
#16
Cleide Felício Carvalho Carrara, Eloá Cristina Passucci Ambrosio, Bianca Zeponi Fernandes Mello, Paula Karine Jorge, Simone Soares, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Thais Marchini Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Individuals with cleft lip and palate have many anatomic and functional alterations compromising esthetics, hearing, speech, occlusion, and development/craniofacial growth. The rehabilitative treatment of these patients is very challenging and starts at birth aiming at the best treatment for all functional demands. This study aimed to evaluate the dimensional alterations of the dental arches of neonates with cleft lip and palate after two different primary surgical techniques...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299265/the-use-of-buccal-fat-pad-free-graft-in-closure-of-soft-tissue-defects-and-dehiscence-in-the-hard-palate
#17
Fares Kablan
INTRODUCTION: The integrity of the palatal mucosa can be lost due to congenital, pathological, and iatrogenic conditions. Various surgical techniques have been suggested for the closure of palatal defects. The aim of the current study is to present the free buccal fat pad graft as a novel technique to repair the soft-tissue defects at the palate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During a 2-year period, the free fat tissue graft harvested from the buccal fat pad (BFP) (FBFG) and used to reconstruct five soft-tissue defects of the palate in five patients (2 women, 3 men; mean age, 34 years; range, 22-58 years)...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299264/clinical-outcome-of-surgical-treatment-of-t1-2-n0-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-oral-tongue-with-observation-for-the-neck-analysis-of-176-cases
#18
Arsheed Hussain Hakeem, Sultan Ahmed Pradhan, Rajan Kannan, Jagadish Tubachi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze various demographic, clinical, and histopathologic factors in T1-2 N0 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral tongue to define a high-risk group for regional recurrence that will benefit from elective neck dissection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective outcome analysis of a patient cohort without palpable or ultrasound (USG) detectable nodal metastases undergoing per oral wide glossectomy for T1-2 N0 SCC of oral tongue. Patients were followed up using palpation and serial USG neck and fine-needle aspiration cytology...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299263/clinical-evaluation-of-coverage-of-open-wounds-polyglycolic-acid-sheet-with-fibrin-glue-spray-vs-split-thickness-skin
#19
Yumi Mochizuki, Hirofumi Tomioka, Fumihiko Tushima, Hiroaki Shimamoto, Hideaki Hirai, Yuu Oikawa, Hiroyuki Harada
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the coverage of oral wounds using either a polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheet or split-thickness skin grafting (STSG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 119 cases of wound coverage using a PGA sheet and fibrin glue spray as well as 132 cases of wound coverage cases using STSG were reviewed retrospectively. The site of the excision area, perioperative conditions, and postoperative functional problems were evaluated. RESULTS: The PGA group had significantly shorter operation time, earlier start of oral intake, and shorter hospitalization than the STSG group...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299262/success-rate-in-implant-supported-overdenture-and-implant-supported-fixed-denture-in-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients
#20
Jaine Zanolla, Flávio Monteiro Amado, Willian Saranholi da Silva, Bruno Ayub, Ana Lúcia Pompéia Fraga de Almeida, Simone Soares
BACKGROUND: The prosthetic treatment in cleft patients is challenging. Based on this, the aim of this study was to evaluate the longevity of prosthetic rehabilitation treatment with implant-supported overdenture (IOD) and implant-supported fixed denture (IFD) in cleft lip and palate patients in a period of 22 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 72 patients were analyzed (29 males and 43 females), and the survival rate of the implants was evaluated...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
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