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Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713759/retraction-6-0-nylon-versus-6-0-vicrylrapide-in-chieloplasty
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. 272 in vol. 6, PMID: 28299270.].
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713758/two-concurrent-large-epidermoid-cysts-in-sublingual-and-submental-region-resembling-plunging-ranula-report-of-a-rare-case
#2
Ranjan Kumar Sahoo, Pradyumna Kumar Sahoo, Debahuti Mohapatra, Santosh Subudhi
An elderly female patient presented to surgical outpatient clinic with complaint of gradual onset of painless submental and sublingual midline swellings for 6 months of duration. The swellings were noncompressible, nontranslucent, nonpulsatile, and nontender on palpation. Clinical diagnosis was plunging ranula or dermoid cysts. Ultrasound examination of sublingual swelling showed cystic lesion with particulate content. Submental swelling showed cystic swelling with few echogenic floating lobules inside suggesting possibility of epidermoid/dermoid cyst...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713757/epidermoid-cyst-clinical-and-surgical-case-report
#3
Jose Carlos Garcia de Mendonça, Ellen Cristina Gaetti Jardim, Cauê Monteiro Dos Santos, Danilo Chizzolini Masocatto, Diones Calado de Quadros, Murilo Moura Oliveira, Juliana Andrade Macena, Fernando Ribeiro Teixeira
The epidermoid cyst is a development cyst, skin, filled with keratin and imprisoned by stratified squamous epithelium similar to skin. They are more frequent in males. Clinically presenting as flabby, prevalent over the face, neck and back. They are usually asymptomatic and its etiology is directly linked to trauma, as well as the imprisonment of epithelial rests during embryonic fusion. This study aims to present a case report of a patient 54 years old, with an epidermal cyst in the face, which was treated surgically...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713756/dental-invasion-by-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-oral-cavity
#4
Marco Guzzo, Pasquale Quattrone, Roberto Bianchi, Sarah Colombo
Cancer progression through the mandible bone is still questioned. Once the tumor has eroded the cortex, it can extend vertically and laterally. It usually spreads in the medullary spaces and finally affects the alveolar nerve. The presence of the teeth has been considered as a relative barrier to cancer infiltration until now. Herein, we report an uncommon case of dental root invasion by adenoid cystic carcinoma of the floor of the mouth.
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713755/tumor-induced-osteomalacia-a-sherlock-holmes-approach-to-diagnosis-and-management
#5
G V Chanukya, Manoj Mengade, Jagadishwar Goud, I Satish Rao, Anuj Jain
Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a subtype of paraneoplastic syndrome associated with hypophosphatemia due to renal phosphate wasting in adults. The humoral factor responsible for clinical picture known as fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is most often secreted by benign yet elusive mesenchymal tumors, difficult to localize, access, and excise completely; rarely, they are multiple and malignant. Paradoxical inappropriately normal or low levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in the setting of hypophosphatemia is due to suppressive effect of FGF23...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713754/a-rare-report-of-two-cases-ancient-schwannoma-of-infratemporal-fossa-and-verocay-schwannoma-of-buccal-mucosa
#6
Prerna Piyush, Sujata Mohanty, Sujoy Ghosh, Sunita Gupta
Schwannoma is a benign tumor that originates from Schwann cells of the peripheral nerve. Occurring as a common tumor in the head and neck region, its intraoral presentation is rare which accounts for only 1%. They are solitary, slow-growing, smooth-surfaced, usually asymptomatic, and encapsulated tumor. This paper comprises two case reports, both of which presented with an intraoral soft tissue swelling which turned out to be schwannoma of buccal mucosa and infratemporal fossa with extension into the oral cavity, respectively...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713753/removal-of-multiple-keratocystic-odontogenic-tumors-in-a-nonsyndromic-patient
#7
Artur Cunha Vasconcelos, Paulo Henrique de Souza Castro, Alvaro Henrique Borges, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato
Multiple keratocystic odontogenic tumors are one of the key features of Gorlin-Goltz syndrome. A 15-year-old nonsyndromic female child presented with multiple keratocystic odontogenic tumors. The presence of the tumors was observed in immunological examinations. The images led to the suspicion of Gorlin-Goltz syndrome which was discarded after analyzing the patient's medical history and complementary examinations. Le Fort I osteotomy was opted to access the maxillary tumors favoring visibility and allowing simultaneous bilateral accesses...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713752/largest-de-novo-parapharyngeal-pleomorphic-adenoma-a-rare-case-removed-via-minimal-access-approach
#8
Vikas Malhotra, Nikhil Arora, Varun Rai
Parapharyngeal tumors are relatively rare tumors of head and neck. In general, pleomorphic adenoma is one of the most common benign tumor of the parapharyngeal region. Various approaches have been described in the literature for removal of parapharyngeal tumor with mandibulotomy generally carried out for large tumors. Here, we describe removal of a large parapharyngeal pleomorphic adenoma transcervically without mandibulotomy which subsequently turned out to be one of the largest ever reported in the literature and describe how large tumors of parapharyngeal can be removed with minimal invasive approach with mandibulotomy kept as a backup thereby avoiding complications associated with mandibulotomy...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713751/parotid-duct-repair-with-intubation-tube-technical-note
#9
Muhammed Beşir Öztürk, Seda Asrufoğlu Barutca, Elif Seda Keskin, Bekir Atik
The parotid duct can be damaged in traumatic injuries and surgical interventions. Early diagnosis and treatment of a duct injury is of great importance because complications such as sialocele and salivary gland fistula may develop if the duct is not surgically repaired. We think the cuff of an intubation tube is an ideal material in parotid duct repair, because of its technical characteristics, easiness of availability, and low-cost. In this paper, we described the use of the cuff cannula of an intubation tube for the diagnosis and treatment of parotid duct laceration, as a low-cost and easy to access material readily available in every operating room...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713750/comminuted-laryngeal-fracture-following-blunt-trauma-a-need-for-strict-legislation-on-roads
#10
Shraddha Jain, Pragya Singh, Minal Gupta, Bhavna Kamble, Suresh S Phatak
Laryngeal fracture is a rare condition with potential life-long implications related to airway patency, voice quality, and swallowing. Rarity of the condition leads to lack of consensus on the most suitable way to manage this injury. The mode of injury can be prevented by strict legislation on the roads. We report a case of a 28-year-old Indian male who sustained a comminuted displaced fracture of the thyroid cartilage with disruption of anterior commissure due to blunt trauma caused by the metallic side rod of a ladder projecting from the rear of a vehicle in front of the bike on which he was riding...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713749/mucormycosis-of-the-frontal-sinus-a-rare-case-report-and-review
#11
Nanda Kishore Sahoo, Vishal Kulkarni, Amit K Bhandari, Arun Kumar
Mucormycosis of the frontal sinus are rarely seen in day to day clinical practice. Although this fungus is commonly found in the environment, the disease is usually prevented by the immune system and is hence rare. Well-recognized risk factors for the disease include diabetes mellitus, leukemia, aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, blood dyscrasias, and immunosuppressive therapy in organ transplantation, renal disease, sepsis, and severe burns. The disease is primarily found in those who are immunocompromised, but it may also manifest in immuno competent persons...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713748/closure-of-oroantral-communication-using-platelet-rich-fibrin-a-report-of-two-cases
#12
Mounzer Assad, Waseem Bitar, Mohammed Nasser Alhajj
Oroantral communication (OAC) is an abnormal connection between the maxillary sinus and oral cavity. It is mostly formed after the extraction of the first and second upper molars. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) created by Choukroun's protocol concentrates most platelets and leukocytes from a blood harvest to a single autologous fibrin biomaterial. It has been used widely in oral and maxillofacial surgery. However, no data are available concerning the use of PRF alone as a clot and a membrane for the closure of OACs...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713747/the-surgical-management-of-skeletal-disproportion-with-lingual-orthodontics-and-three-dimensional-planning
#13
Krutiben Patel, Chung How Kau, Peter D Waite, Ahmet Arif Celebi
This case report describes the successful treatment of a 26-year-old Caucasian male with skeletal and dental Class III malocclusion associated with mild maxillary and mandibular crowding. The patient had anteroposterior and transverse discrepancies with a reverse overjet and bilateral posterior crossbites. The nonextraction treatment plan included aligning and leveling of the teeth in both arches, Le Fort I and bilateral sagittal split osteotomies, and postsurgical correction of the malocclusion. Orthodontic treatment was initiated with custom lingual appliances followed by orthognathic surgery planned with virtual surgical planning...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713746/unicoronal-craniosynostosis-and-plagiocephaly-correction-with-fronto-orbital-bone-remodeling-and-advancement
#14
S M Balaji
The standard surgical treatment for unilateral coronal synostosis is fronoto-orbital advancement. The technique is known for its high recurrence rate and established plagiocephaly remains a challenge. In this case report, the management of a 5-year-old with unicoronal plagiocephaly correction with fronto-orbital bone remodeling and advancement is presented. The previous surgery done at 6 months of age resulted in failure with establishment of hypertelorism and sudden progressive diminishing vision. Furthermore, temporal hallowing was evident in the imaging technique...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713745/recovering-breathing-and-feeding-of-a-newborn-with-pierre-robin-sequence
#15
Francisnele Maria de Aquino Fraporti Tomáz, Alvaro Henrique Borges, Alexandre Meireles Borba, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato
Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is characterized by the triad micrognathia, glossoptosis, and airway obstruction, commonly associated with cleft palate. This study reports the case of a patient with characteristics consistent with the diagnosis of PRS in the 1(st) week of life. To stabilize the airway, oro-tracheal intubation was performed without success, followed by tracheostomy and glossopexy and after a small improvement in symptoms, it was decided to perform the mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO). At the age of 6, her maxillofacial development was within expectations, with patent airway, the presence of deciduous teeth, and without neurological impairment...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713744/access-osteotomy-in-the-maxillofacial-skeleton
#16
REVIEW
K Kamalpathey, Maj Gen N K Sahoo, Col P K Chattopadhyay, Maj Yuvraj Issar
Surgical accesses for the facial skeleton are based on the concept of modular osteotomies. Various techniques and combination of osteotomies facilitate access to the most inaccessible tumors of craniomaxillofacial region. Most appropriate surgical access is determined by considering size, location, extension of the tumor, and experience of the surgical team. These are primarily used for tumors in the nasopharynx or the skull base. The aim of this paper is to review surgical accesses that aid in removal of inaccessible tumors of craniomaxillofacial region with series of cases operated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, India, between July 2008 and June 2010...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713743/bone-ring-augmentation-around-immediate-implants-a-clinical-and-radiographic-study
#17
Girish B Giraddi, Aamir Malick Saifi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of bone ring augmentation technique for three-dimensional augmentation of severely defective sockets along with placement of immediate dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical study was conducted on 14 patients with 15 defective sockets requiring extractions and immediate implant placement. Following extraction, bone ring with an implant osteotomy, harvested from chin, was sculptured and fitted into the extraction socket...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713742/conservative-surgical-approach-to-restore-necrotic-columella-in-patients-undergoing-neonatal-usage-of-nasogastric-tube
#18
Francesco Inchingolo, Fabio Massimo Abenavoli, Francesca De Angelis, Alessandro Orefici, Luigi Santacroce, Gianna Dipalma
CONTEXT: A common complication, related to the use of nasogastric tube during the 1(st) day of life, is the necrosis of the columella. Esthetic damage in the early age typically leads to a healing request with very high result expectations. AIMS: We aimed to develop and use an innovative surgical technique. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: We used our technique in four cases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Our technique requires two flaps designed with two paramedian release incisions...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713741/reconstruction-of-drug-induced-cleft-palate-using-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cell-in-rodents
#19
Julie Christy Amalraj, Manasa Gangothri, Hari Babu
BACKGROUND: Triamcinolone acetonide (TAC) (Kenacort*) is a commonly used synthetic glucocorticoid in today's medical practice. The drug is also a potential agent in inducing cleft palates in rats. This drug has been used to induce cleft palate in the fetus of the pregnant rats to bring out a suitable animal model for human cleft lip and palate. The drug was given intraperitoneally to induce congenital cleft palate in pregnant mother rats. AIM: The aim of this study is to induce congenital cleft palate in pregnant Wister albino rats and reconstruct the defect with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) isolated from the same species along with PLGA (poly lactic co glycolic acid) scaffold...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713740/the-effects-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-membrane-on-secondary-healing-after-pleomorphic-adenoma-excision-in-the-hard-palate-a-preliminary-study
#20
Özer Erdem Gür, Nuray Ensari, Nevreste Didem Sonbay Yılmaz
AIM: This study aims to evaluate the effects of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane on secondary healing after pleomorphic adenoma (PA) excision in the hard palate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PRF membranes were laid over mucosal defects which occurred following PA excision in the hard palate. The secondary healing process was monitored in the patients by follow-up examinations on postoperative days 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, and 40. RESULTS: In this preliminary study, epithelialization was observed to have completed on the 30(th) day of follow-up in the first patient and on the 35(th) day in the second and third patients...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
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