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Interactive Journal of Medical Research

Ahmed Hussein Subki, Hatan Hisham Mortada, Mohammed Saad Alsallum, Ali Taleb Alattas, Mohammed Ali Almalki, Muhab Mohammed Hindi, Siham Hussein Subki, Wesam Awad Alhejily
BACKGROUND: Providing basic life support (BLS) at the site of an accident is crucial to increase the survival rates of the injured people. It is especially relevant when health care is far away. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to assess the BLS knowledge level of the Saudi Arabian population and identify influencing factors associated with level of knowledge about BLS. METHODS: Our study is a cross-sectional descriptive study, which was conducted using a self-administered online questionnaire derived from the BLS practice test...
November 28, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Jun Zhou, Dane Bell, Sabrina Nusrat, Melanie Hingle, Mihai Surdeanu, Stephen Kobourov
BACKGROUND: Software designed to accurately estimate food calories from still images could help users and health professionals identify dietary patterns and food choices associated with health and health risks more effectively. However, calorie estimation from images is difficult, and no publicly available software can do so accurately while minimizing the burden associated with data collection and analysis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of crowdsourced annotations of calorie content in food images and to identify and quantify sources of bias and noise as a function of respondent characteristics and food qualities (eg, energy density)...
November 5, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Jill Martens, Guido de Jong, Maroeska Rovers, Gert Westert, Ronald Bartels
BACKGROUND: The publication rate of neurosurgical guidelines has increased tremendously over the past decade; however, only a small proportion of clinical decisions appear to be based on high-quality evidence. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the evidence available within neurosurgery and its value within clinical practice according to neurosurgeons. METHODS: A Web-based survey was sent to 2552 neurosurgeons, who were members of the European Association of Neurosurgical Societies...
October 12, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Annie T Chen, Lisa Taylor-Swanson, Ronald W Buie, Albert Park, Mike Conway
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been an increase in the utilization of complementary and integrative health (CIH) care, and an increase in information-seeking behavior focused on CIH. Thus, understanding the quality of CIH information that is available on the internet is imperative. Although there have been a limited number of studies evaluating the quality of websites providing information about specific CIH-related topics, a broad evaluation of CIH websites has not been conducted...
October 10, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Norina Gasteiger, Rebecca Grainger, Karen Day
BACKGROUND: People with arthritis are increasingly seeking support online, particularly for information about social role participation while experiencing symptoms of chronic arthritis. Social media enables peer-to-peer support on how serious leisure (eg, hobbies such as quilting) can be adapted to allow participation. Research is needed to understand what type of peer support is provided online and how this support occurs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to explore what kind of support is offered by fellow hobbyists (with or without arthritis) in response to requests for advice in a social media group...
October 3, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Daryl Nault, Ariel Beccia, Haruka Ito, Sarah Kashdan, Angela Senders
BACKGROUND: Dietary supplements are the most used complementary and alternative health modality in the United States, and omega-3 supplements continue to be the most popularly used nonvitamin or nonmineral supplements by adults. Users of dietary supplements report that they obtain health guidance from internet media resources, but there is question as to whether or not these resources provide the necessary evidence to guide health decisions. Current evidence suggests that there is a mistranslation occurring somewhere between researchers and the media...
October 1, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Sami Omar Amawi, Ahmed Hussein Subki, Hazim Abdulkarim Khatib, Omer Sameer Alkhateeb, Rida Hashim Fida, Omar Mohammed Saggaf, Mohammed Mohammed Jan
BACKGROUND: Excessive use of various electronic entertainment and communication devices, particularly among children, has been associated with increased behavioral problems. Despite children's escalating use of these devices, parents' awareness about the impact thereof is still lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the use of electronic entertainment and communication devices among children attending a health care facility in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, as well as the parental impression regarding the impact of electronic devices use on the behavior of their child...
September 6, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Mikyoung A Lee, Cha-Nam Shin, Kyungeh An
BACKGROUND: Websites are common sources of health information to stroke survivors and caregivers for continual management of stroke and its long-term sequelae. The presence of risk factors and mortality rates related to stroke are high in Korean Americans. A vast majority of this group are active Web users and rely on the Web-based information due to lack of insurance and, thus, limited access to long-term stroke care. Thus, it is critical to evaluate existing stroke websites for their trustworthiness, readability, and suitability...
July 20, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Mostin A Hu, Joy C MacDermid, Shannon Killip, Margaret Lomotan
BACKGROUND: Owing to the fact that firefighters have unique health risks, access to firefighter-specific internet-based health information is a potential mechanism for achieving better health and work outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to identify the amount and nature of health information resources available on Canadian firefighter-specific websites and the extent to which resources are consistent across websites as a surrogate indicator of diffusion of information...
July 16, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Kelly Bosak, Shin Hye Park
BACKGROUND: Social influences are a primary factor in the adoption of health behaviors. Social media platforms, such as Facebook, disseminate information, raise awareness, and provide motivation and support for positive health behaviors. Facebook has evolved rapidly and is now a part of many individuals' daily routine. The high degree of individual engagement and low attrition rate of this platform necessitate consideration for a potentially positive impact on health behavior. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to investigate the use of Facebook by adults...
June 14, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Teppei Suzuki, Tomoko Shimoda, Noriko Takahashi, Kaori Tsutsumi, Mina Samukawa, Sadako Yoshimura, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
BACKGROUND: As the onset of osteoporosis leads to reduced activities of daily living and may result in patients being bedridden, efforts to prevent decreased bone density are necessary. Various studies on the relationship between sex, age, nutrients, and exercise habits and bone mineral density have been conducted to date. However, for snowy region residents, the magnitude of influence of various factors affecting bone mineral density and the influence level have not been clarified. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to clarify the degree of influence and factors influencing bone mineral density based on survey results on health conditions and lifestyle habits in heavy snow areas...
May 22, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Vinaya Manchaiah, Pierre Ratinaud, Gerhard Andersson
BACKGROUND: When people with health conditions begin to manage their health issues, one important issue that emerges is the question as to what exactly do they do with the information that they have obtained through various sources (eg, news media, social media, health professionals, friends, and family). The information they gather helps form their opinions and, to some degree, influences their attitudes toward managing their condition. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand how tinnitus is represented in the US newspaper media and in Facebook pages (ie, social media) using text pattern analysis...
May 8, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Robert J McGrath, Jennifer Lewis Priestley, Yiyun Zhou, Patrick J Culligan
BACKGROUND: Information from ratings sites are increasingly informing patient decisions related to health care and the selection of physicians. OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to determine the validity of online patient ratings of physicians through comparison with physician peer review. METHODS: We extracted 223,715 reviews of 41,104 physicians from 10 of the largest cities in the United States, including 1142 physicians listed as "America's Top Doctors" through physician peer review...
April 9, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Kouichi Tanabe, Kaho Fujiwara, Hana Ogura, Hatsuna Yasuda, Nobuyuki Goto, Fumiko Ohtsu
BACKGROUND: Patients and their families are able to obtain information about palliative care from websites easily nowadays. However, there are concerns on the accuracy of information on the Web and how up to date it is. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to elucidate problematic points of medical information about palliative care obtained from websites, and to compare the quality of the information between Japanese and US websites. METHODS: We searched Google Japan and Google USA for websites relating to palliative care...
April 3, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Yongwoog Andrew Jeon, Brent Hale, Eric Knackmuhs, Michael Mackert
BACKGROUND: Anonymous verbal attacks against overweight individuals on social media are common and widespread. These comments often use negative, misogynist, or derogatory words, which stigmatize the targeted individuals with obesity. These verbal attacks may cause depression in overweight individuals, which could subsequently promote unhealthy eating behavior (ie, binge eating) and further weight gain. To develop an intervention policy and strategies that tackle the anonymous, Web-based verbal attacks, a thorough understanding of the comments is necessary...
March 20, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Charlotte L Brakenridge, Genevieve N Healy, Elisabeth Ah Winkler, Brianna S Fjeldsoe
BACKGROUND: Wearable activity trackers are now a common feature of workplace wellness programs; however, their ability to impact sitting time (the behavior in which most of the desk-based workday is spent) is relatively unknown. This study evaluated the LUMOback, an activity tracker that targets sitting time, as part of a cluster-randomized workplace sitting intervention in desk-based office workers. OBJECTIVE: Study objectives were to explore: (1) office workers' self-directed LUMOback use, (2) individual-level characteristics associated with LUMOback use, (3) the impact of LUMOback use on activity and sitting behaviors, and (4) office workers' perceived LUMOback acceptability...
March 2, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Monique Josephine Mastboom, Rosa Planje, Michiel Adreanus van de Sande
BACKGROUND: Tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) is a rare, benign lesion affecting the synovial lining of joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths. It is generally characterized as a locally aggressive and often recurring tumor. A distinction is made between localized- and diffuse-type. The impact of TGCT on daily living is currently ill-described. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this crowdsourcing study was to evaluate the impact of TGCT on physical function, daily activities, societal participation (work, sports, and hobbies), and overall quality of life from a patient perspective...
February 23, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Romina Alicia Ortiz, Steven Witte, Arvin Gouw, Ana Sanfilippo, Richard Tsai, Danielle Fumagalli, Christine Yu, Karla Lant, Nicole Lipitz, Jennifer Shepphird, Fidelia B Alvina, Jimmy Cheng-Ho Lin
BACKGROUND: Genetic sequencing is critically important to diagnostic health care efforts in the United States today, yet it is still inaccessible to many. Meanwhile, the internet and social networking have made crowdfunding a realistic avenue for individuals and groups hoping to fund medical and research causes, including patients in need of whole exome genetic sequencing (WES). OBJECTIVE: Amplify Hope is an educational program designed to investigate what factors affect the success of medical crowdfunding campaigns...
February 5, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Stefania Barbieri, Paolo Feltracco, Vittorio Lucchetta, Rosa Maria Gaudio, Alberto Tredese, Mauro Bergamini, Gianna Vettore, Vincenzo Pietrantonio, Francesco Maria Avato, Daniele Donato, Deris Gianni Boemo, Maria Vittoria Nesoti, Rossella Snenghi
BACKGROUND: NekNomination, also known as NekNominate, Neck and Nominate, or Neck Nomination, is a social network-based drinking game which is thought to have originated in Australia and spread all over the world between 2013 and 2014. Individuals record videos of themselves while rapidly drinking excessive quantities of alcoholic drinks (necking) and then nominate friends to outdo them within 24 hours; the videos are then posted on social media such as Facebook or YouTube. The consequences of this drinking game have been very dangerous; at least 5 people under age 30 years have died after drinking deadly cocktails, and many others have suffered from alcohol intoxication...
January 31, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Joanna Tw Chu, Man Ping Wang, Chen Shen, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia Siu Chee Chan
BACKGROUND: The Internet has become an established source for health information. The number of individuals using the Internet to search for health information, ranging from healthy lifestyle advice to treatment and diseases, continues to grow. Scholars have emphasized the need to give greater voice and influence to health consumers. Hong Kong, being one of the most technologically advanced and connected cities in the world, has one of the highest Internet penetration rates in the world...
December 12, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
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