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JACC. Heart Failure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409707/history-of-atrial-fibrillation-and-trajectory-of-decongestion-in-acute-heart-failure
#1
Ravi B Patel, Muthiah Vaduganathan, Aruna Rikhi, Hrishikesh Chakraborty, Stephen J Greene, Adrian F Hernandez, G Michael Felker, Margaret M Redfield, Javed Butler, Sanjiv J Shah
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to characterize the course of decongestion among patients hospitalized for acute heart failure (AHF) by history of atrial fibrillation (AF) and/or atrial flutter (AFL). BACKGROUND: AF/AFL and chronic heart failure (HF) commonly coexist. Little is known regarding impact of AF/AFL on relief of congestion among patients who develop AHF. METHODS: We pooled patients from 3 randomized trials of AHF conducted within the Heart Failure Network, the DOSE (Diuretic Optimization Strategies) trial, the ROSE (Renal Optimization Strategies) trial, and the CARRESS-HF (Cardiorenal Rescue Study in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure) trial...
November 5, 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30414818/initiation-continuation-switching-and-withdrawal-of-heart-failure-medical-therapies-during-hospitalization
#2
REVIEW
Aditi A Bhagat, Stephen J Greene, Muthiah Vaduganathan, Gregg C Fonarow, Javed Butler
Patients with worsening heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) spend a large proportion of time in the hospital and other health care facilities. The benefits of guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) in the outpatient setting have been shown in large randomized controlled trials. However, the decision to initiate, continue, switch, or withdraw HFrEF medications in the inpatient setting is often based on multiple factors and subject to significant variability across providers. Based on available data, in well-selected, treatment-naive patients who are hemodynamically stable and clinically euvolemic after stabilization during hospitalization for HF, elements of GDMT can be safely initiated...
October 31, 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497652/physical-activity-fitness-and-obesity-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#3
REVIEW
Ambarish Pandey, Kershaw V Patel, Muthiah Vaduganathan, Satyam Sarma, Mark J Haykowsky, Jarett D Berry, Carl J Lavie
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is common, increasing in prevalence, and refractory to available pharmacotherapies. Our understanding of HFpEF has evolved from a disorder of diastolic dysfunction to a constellation of physiologic impairments that lead to elevated left ventricular filling pressures and exercise intolerance. Accordingly, the therapeutic and preventive focus has shifted to identifying lifestyle factors that may have more pleotropic effects on the pathophysiologic mechanisms that define HFpEF...
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497651/applying-network-meta-analysis-to-cardiovascular-outcome-trials-of-glucose-lowering-drugs
#4
LETTER
Sean L Zheng, Alistair J Roddick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497650/reply-applying-network-meta-analysis-to-cardiovascular-outcome-trials-of-glucose-lowering-drugs
#5
LETTER
Caroline K Kramer, Chang Ye, Ravi Retnakaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497649/reply-inotropes-and-mortality
#6
LETTER
Tiana Jespersen Nizamic, Larry A Allen, Shannon M Dunlay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497648/reply-diuretic-strategies-and-renal-dysfunction-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#7
LETTER
Kavita Sharma, Joban Vaishnav, Stuart D Russell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497647/inotropes-and-mortality
#8
LETTER
Maya Guglin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497646/diuretic-strategies-and-renal-dysfunction-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#9
LETTER
Brent N Reed, Stephen S Gottlieb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497645/aviation-emergencies-for-heart-failure-cardiologists-a-new-twist-to-the-heart-team
#10
EDITORIAL
Christopher M O'Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497644/finding-the-right-time-and-place-to-vent
#11
EDITORIAL
Garrick C Stewart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497643/unloading-of-the-left-ventricle-during-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-therapy-in-cardiogenic-shock
#12
Benedikt Schrage, Daniel Burkhoff, Nicole Rübsamen, Peter Moritz Becher, Michael Schwarzl, Alexander Bernhardt, Hanno Grahn, Edith Lubos, Gerold Söffker, Peter Clemmensen, Hermann Reichenspurner, Stefan Blankenberg, Dirk Westermann
OBJECTIVES: This report relates the authors' ongoing experience with percutaneous left ventricular (LV) unloading by using a transaortic LV assist device in combination with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) and provides an in-depth analysis of the hemodynamic benefit of this approach. BACKGROUND: VA-ECMO is increasingly used in cases of severe cardiogenic shock. However, increase in afterload with subsequent LV overload is a major drawback of VA-ECMO...
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497642/targeting-all-heart-failure-patients-with-exercise-training-is-it-safe-and-efficacious
#13
EDITORIAL
Rainer Hambrecht, Harm Wienbergen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497641/influence-of-baseline-physical-activity-level-on-exercise-training-response-and-clinical-outcomes-in-heart-failure-the-hf-action-trial
#14
Mauro F F Mediano, Eric S Leifer, Lawton S Cooper, Steven J Keteyian, William E Kraus, Robert J Mentz, Jerome L Fleg
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the influence of baseline physical activity (PA) on responses to aerobic exercise training and clinical events in outpatients with chronic systolic heart failure (HF) from the multicenter HF-ACTION (Exercise Training Program to Improve Clinical Outcomes in Individuals With Congestive Heart Failure) trial. BACKGROUND: The influence of baseline PA on exercise capacity, responses to exercise training and clinical outcomes in patients with chronic HF is unclear...
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30414820/-to-b-or-not-to-b-%C3%A2-that-is-the-question-whether-we-can-identify-those-at-risk-for-cardiac-dysfunction-during-cancer-therapy
#15
EDITORIAL
Daniel J Lenihan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30414819/frequency-of-transition-from-stage-a-to-stage-b-heart-failure-after-initiating-potentially-cardiotoxic-chemotherapy
#16
Deanna N Jones, Jennifer H Jordan, Giselle C Meléndez, Zanetta Lamar, Alexandra Thomas, Dalane W Kitzman, Cynthia Suerken, Ralph B D'Agostino, W Gregory Hundley
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the prevalence of American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Foundation (AHA/ACCF) heart failure (HF) stages after potentially cardiotoxic chemotherapy was initiated. BACKGROUND: For individuals receiving potentially cardiotoxic chemotherapy, the frequency of transitioning from Stage A to more advanced HF stages is not well described. METHODS: In 143 Stage A HF patients with breast cancer, lymphoma and leukemia, renal cell carcinoma, or sarcoma prior to and then at 3, 6, and 12 to 24 months after potentially cardiotoxic chemotherapy was initiated, we obtained blinded cardiac magnetic resonance measurements of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)...
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316935/adiposity-and-incident-heart-failure-and-its-subtypes-mesa-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#17
Vishal N Rao, Di Zhao, Matthew A Allison, Eliseo Guallar, Kavita Sharma, Michael H Criqui, Mary Cushman, Roger S Blumenthal, Erin D Michos
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare various measures of adiposity with risk for incident hospitalized heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for HF, particularly HFpEF. It is unknown which measures of adiposity, including anthropometrics and computed tomography (CT)-measured fat area, are most predictive of HF subtypes. METHODS: The authors studied 1,806 participants of the MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) study without baseline cardiovascular disease who underwent anthropometrics (body mass index [BMI] and waist circumference) and an abdominal CT...
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316933/pivotal-role-of-excess-intra-abdominal-adipose-in-the-pathogenesis-of-metabolic-obese-hfpef
#18
EDITORIAL
Dalane W Kitzman, Barbara J Nicklas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196073/physical-activity-and-incidence-of-heart-failure-in-postmenopausal-women
#19
Michael J LaMonte, JoAnn E Manson, Andrea K Chomistek, Joseph C Larson, Cora E Lewis, Jennifer W Bea, Karen C Johnson, Wenjun Li, Liviu Klein, Andrea Z LaCroix, Marcia L Stefanick, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Charles B Eaton
OBJECTIVES: This study prospectively examined physical activity levels and the incidence of heart failure (HF) in 137,303 women, ages 50 to 79 years, and examined a subset of 35,272 women who, it was determined, had HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and HF with reduced EF (HFrEF). BACKGROUND: The role of physical activity in HF risk among older women is unclear, particularly for incidence of HFpEF or HFrEF. METHODS: Women were free of HF and reported ability to walk at least 1 block without assistance at baseline...
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196072/walking-away-from-heart-failure
#20
EDITORIAL
Mariell Jessup, Nosheen Reza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
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