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JACC. Heart Failure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501521/associations-between-short-or-long-length%C3%A2-of-stay-and-30-day-readmission-and-mortality-in-hospitalized-patients-with-heart%C3%A2-failure
#1
Maneesh Sud, Bing Yu, Harindra C Wijeysundera, Peter C Austin, Dennis T Ko, Juarez Braga, Peter Cram, John A Spertus, Michael Domanski, Douglas S Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the associations between heart failure (HF)-related hospital length of stay and 30-day readmissions and HF hospital length of stay and mortality rates. BACKGROUND: Although reducing HF readmission and mortality rates are health care priorities, how HF-related hospital length of stay affects these outcomes is not fully known. METHODS: A population-level, multicenter cohort study of 58,230 patients with HF (age >65 years) was conducted in Ontario, Canada between April 1, 2003 and March 31, 2012...
May 10, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501527/race-ethnic-differences-in-outcomes-among-hospitalized-medicare-patients-with-heart-failure-and-preserved-ejection%C3%A2-fraction
#2
Boback Ziaeian, Paul A Heidenreich, Haolin Xu, Adam D DeVore, Roland A Matsouaka, Adrian F Hernandez, Deepak L Bhatt, Clyde W Yancy, Gregg C Fonarow
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed HFpEF patient characteristics and clinical outcomes according to race/ethnicity and adjusted for patient and hospital characteristics along with socioeconomic status (SES). BACKGROUND: The proportion of hospitalizations for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) has increased over the last decade. Whether the short- and long-term outcomes differ between racial/ethnic groups is not well described. METHODS: The Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure registry was linked to Medicare administrative data to identify hospitalized patients with HFpEF ≥65 years of age with left ventricular ejection fraction ≥50% between 2006 and 2014...
May 2, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501526/do-we-need-another-walking-test
#3
EDITORIAL
Clinton A Brawner, Steven J Keteyian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501525/tetralogy-of-fallow-four-trials-and-tribulations
#4
EDITORIAL
Milton Packer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501524/holding-the-readmission-gates-incentivizing-quality-and-cost-effective-care-for-heart-failure
#5
EDITORIAL
Gregg C Fonarow, Boback Ziaeian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501523/a-new-clinically-applicable-measure-of-functional-status-in-patients-with-heart%C3%A2-failure-the-60-foot-walk-test
#6
Kristie M Harris, David S Krantz, Willem J Kop, Joanne Marshall, Shawn W Robinson, Jennifer M Marshall, Stephen S Gottlieb
OBJECTIVES: This study reports the development and predictive value of the 60-foot walk test (60ftWT), a brief functional status measure for patients with heart failure (HF). The goal was to develop a test suitable for clinical settings and appropriate for patients with walking impairments. BACKGROUND: The 6-min walk test (6MWT) has considerable predictive value, but requires a long walking course and has limited utility in patients with mobility-related comorbidities...
May 2, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501522/long-term-effects-of-flosequinan-on-the-morbidity-and-mortality-of-patients-with-severe-chronic-heart-failure-primary-results-of-the-profile-trial-after-24-years
#7
Milton Packer, Bertram Pitt, Jean-Lucien Rouleau, Karl Swedberg, David L DeMets, Lloyd Fisher
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this clinical trial was to evaluate the long-term effects of flosequinan on the morbidity and mortality of patients with severe chronic heart failure. BACKGROUND: Flosequinan was the first oral vasodilator to be used in the clinic to augment the effects of digitalis, diuretics, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in heart failure. However, the drug activated neurohormonal systems and exerted both positive inotropic and chronotropic effects, raising concerns about its safety during long-term use...
May 2, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501520/can-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection%C3%A2-fraction-shed-light-on-the-mortality-readmissions-paradox
#8
EDITORIAL
Jennifer E Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396043/body-mass-index-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-mid-life-and-risk-of-heart-failure%C3%A2-hospitalization-in-older-age-findings-from-the-cooper-center-longitudinal-study
#9
Ambarish Pandey, William K Cornwell, Benjamin Willis, Ian J Neeland, Ang Gao, David Leonard, Laura DeFina, Jarett D Berry
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the contributions of obesity and changes in body mass index (BMI) in mid-life to long-term heart failure (HF) risk independent of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) levels. BACKGROUND: Obesity and low CRF are well-established risk factors for HF. However, given the inverse association between CRF and obesity, the independent contributions of BMI toward HF risk are not fully understood. METHODS: We included 19,485 participants from the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study who survived to receive Medicare coverage, from 1999 to 2009...
March 30, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396042/promise-of-a-new-role-for-heart-rate-variability-in-the-clinical-management-of-patients-with-heart-failure
#10
EDITORIAL
Philip F Binkley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396041/association-of-holter-derived-heart-rate-variability-parameters-with-the-development-of-congestive-heart-failure-in-the-cardiovascular-health-study
#11
Vaiibhav N Patel, Brian R Pierce, Rohan K Bodapati, David L Brown, Diane G Ives, Phyllis K Stein
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether Holter-based parameters of heart rate variability (HRV) are independently associated with incident heart failure among older adults in the CHS (Cardiovascular Health Study) as evidenced by an improvement in the predictive power of the Health Aging and Body Composition Heart Failure (Health ABC) score. BACKGROUND: Abnormal HRV, a marker of autonomic dysfunction, has been associated with multiple adverse cardiovascular outcomes but not the development of congestive heart failure (CHF)...
March 30, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396040/risk-assessment-and-comparative-effectiveness-of-left-ventricular-assist-device-and-medical-management-in-ambulatory-heart-failure-patients-the-roadmap-study-2-year-results
#12
Randall C Starling, Jerry D Estep, Douglas A Horstmanshof, Carmelo A Milano, Josef Stehlik, Keyur B Shah, Brian A Bruckner, Sangjin Lee, James W Long, Craig H Selzman, Vigneshwar Kasirajan, Donald C Haas, Andrew J Boyle, Joyce Chuang, David J Farrar, Joseph G Rogers
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to provide the pre-specified primary endpoint of the ROADMAP (Risk Assessment and Comparative Effectiveness of Left Ventricular Assist Device and Medical Management in Ambulatory Heart Failure Patients) trial at 2 years. BACKGROUND: The ROADMAP trial was a prospective nonrandomized observational study of 200 patients (97 with a left ventricular assist device [LVAD], 103 on optimal medical management [OMM]) that showed that survival with improved functional status at 1 year was better with LVADs compared with OMM in a patient population of ambulatory New York Heart Association functional class IIIb/IV patients...
March 30, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396039/therapeutic-cardiorespiratory-fitness-to-prevent-and-treat-heart-failure
#13
EDITORIAL
Carl J Lavie, Steven J Keteyian, Hector O Ventura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285120/unraveling-the-relationship-between-aging-and-heart-failure-with-preserved%C3%A2-ejection-fraction-the-importance-of-exercise-and-normative-reference-standards
#14
EDITORIAL
Dalane W Kitzman, Thomas J O'Neill, Peter H Brubaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285119/fitness-in-young-adulthood-and-long-term-cardiac-structure-and-function-the-cardia-study
#15
Ambarish Pandey, Norrina B Allen, Colby Ayers, Jared P Reis, Henrique T Moreira, Stephen Sidney, Jamal S Rana, David R Jacobs, Lisa S Chow, James A de Lemos, Mercedes Carnethon, Jarett D Berry
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the association between early-life cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and measures of left ventricular (LV) structure and function in midlife. BACKGROUND: Low CRF in midlife is associated with a higher risk of heart failure. However, the unique contributions of early-life CRF toward measures of LV structure and function in middle age are not known. METHODS: CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) study participants with a baseline maximal treadmill test and an echocardiogram at year 25 were included...
March 5, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285118/dynamic-changes-in-aortic-vascular-stiffness-in-patients-bridged-to-transplant%C3%A2-with-continuous-flow-left%C3%A2-ventricular-assist-devices
#16
Amit C Patel, R Blair Dodson, William K Cornwell, Kendall S Hunter, Joseph C Cleveland, Andreas Brieke, JoAnn Lindenfeld, Amrut V Ambardekar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to measure aortic vascular stiffness from orthotopic heart transplant (OHT) patients exposed to varying types of flow as a result of the presence or absence of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support pre-OHT. BACKGROUND: The effects of continuous-flow LVADs (CF-LVADs) on vascular properties are unknown, but may contribute to the pathophysiology of CF-LVAD complications such as stroke, hypertension, and bleeding. METHODS: Echocardiograms were reviewed from 172 OHT patients immediately before LVAD and at 3 time points post-OHT: baseline, 6 months, and 1 year...
March 4, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449804/reply-observational-versus-randomized-sliding-toward-nonevidence-based-medicine
#17
LETTER
Julia Cadrin-Tourigny, Azadeh Shohoudi, Denis Roy, Paul Khairy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449803/observational-versus-randomized-sliding-toward-nonevidence-based-medicine
#18
LETTER
Dipak Kotecha, Douglas G Altman, Giuseppe Rosano, Marcus D Flather
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449802/reply-risk-stratification-in-dilated-cardiomyopathy-is-the-arrhythmogenic-substrate-stable-over-time
#19
LETTER
Andrea Di Marco, Matthias Schmitt, Ignasi Anguera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449801/risk-stratification-in-dilated-cardiomyopathy-is-the-arrhythmogenic-substrate-stable-over-time
#20
LETTER
David Heinzmann, Meinrad Gawaz, Peter Seizer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
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