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Arthroscopy Techniques

Ricardo Hideki Yanasse, Guilherme Aravechia, Tiago Rocha Ramos, Luiz Gustavo Lucena Augusto Lima, Danilo Zanutto de Oliveira Medeiros, Marcos Henrique Ferreira Laraya, Roberto Ryuiti Mizobuchi
The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) and the MPFL/vastus medialis obliquus complex are essential for patellar stability. Insufficiency of the MPFL can lead to altered biomechanics and patellofemoral joint contact pressure, high recurrence rate, osteochondral lesions, compromised knee function, and patellofemoral osteoarthritis. Most frequently surgical reconstruction of the MPFL is performed to address patellar instability; however, open physis and donor site morbidity can be a concern. This Technical Note presents a surgical technique to identify the insufficient MPFL and describes in detail an anatomical retensioning repair of the MPFL to restore patellar stability...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Naser M Selim
An untreated posterolateral corner (PLC) injury in patients with a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) may be a leading cause of ACL reconstruction failure. Combined ACL and PLC reconstruction is discussed in few studies in the literature. Femoral tunnel intersection in combined reconstruction has been reported to be high. Short grafts may render combined reconstruction undoable. This Technical Note describes a technique that allows a combined ACL and PLC reconstruction. The ACL graft is a 4-stranded hamstring tendon graft from 1 limb...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Somsak Kuptniratsaikul, Thun Itthipanichpong, Vanasiri Kuptniratsaikul
Medial meniscal root injury is known to cause an increase in tibiofemoral contact pressure and results in early osteoarthritis. There have been many reports on meniscal root repairing techniques, which can be categorized into 2 groups. One is transosseous suture, and the other is anchor suture repair. Both techniques show improvement in not only clinical performance, but also radiographic finding. However, the meniscal root repair procedure must be performed by experienced physicians. Most techniques require a posteromedial portal, which takes time and may even complicate the procedure...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Christoph Offerhaus, Maurice Balke, Justin W Arner, Volker Musahl, Jürgen Höher
The posterior oblique ligament (POL) is the main component of the posteromedial corner (PMC) of the knee and plays a crucial role in acting as a secondary restraint against translation, rotation, and valgus forces. Injuries to the PMC often occur in association with acute or chronic deficiency of the anterior cruciate ligament and may result in anteromedial rotatory instability. A surgical technique for treatment of acute and chronic injuries of the posteromedial structures was first established by Hughston in 1973...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Mitchel D Armstrong, Benjamin Smith, Catherine Coady, Ivan H Wong
Recurrent multidirectional shoulder instability is a difficult clinical problem. This can be compounded in patients with connective tissue diseases such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. We present an all-arthroscopic technique involving extra-articular anterior and posterior glenoid bone grafting to augment a capsular repair in a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and recurrent multidirectional shoulder instability. Graft options include either distal tibial allograft or iliac crest autograft. Anterior graft placement uses a dilated far medial portal using an inside-out technique...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Soshi Uchida, Yuki Shimizu, Yohei Yukizawa, Hitoshi Suzuki, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido, Akinori Sakai
Intra-articular lesions are common in patients with acetabular hip dysplasia. Rim stress fractures (RSFs) have also been described in patients with acetabular hip dysplasia. This lesion is believed to be a result of an unfused secondary ossification center or a stress fracture that could be caused by repetitive impingement of an abnormal-shaped femoral head-neck junction. In addition, osteochondritis dissecans of the acetabulum is a rare condition that can also result from impingement and has been described in patients with hip dysplasia...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Brittany M Woodall, Nicholas Elena, Asher B Mirvish, Edward C Shin, Neil P Pathare, Patrick J McGahan, James L Chen
Horizontal cleavage tears of the medial and lateral meniscus can be difficult to treat using the standard anteromedial or anterolateral arthroscopy portals. In this Technical Note, we present a new surgical technique to better manage the inferior leaflet of horizontal cleavage tears of the medial and lateral meniscus and their associated parameniscal cysts.
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Avinesh Agarwalla, Richard N Puzzitiello, Natalie Leong, Brian Forsythe
Arthroscopic repair of an isolated subscapularis tendon rupture has been previously described in the adult population; however, the technique has yet to be described in a pediatric patient. In this Technical Note, we describe an arthroscopic repair of an isolated subscapularis tendon rupture with concomitant mini-open suprapectoral biceps tenodesis in an adolescent patient. Standard anterior and posterior portals are established with an accessory portal in the anterosuperior angle of the acromion. A 0-PDS suture is used to pass strands of suture tape through the inferolateral and superolateral aspects of the subscapularis tendon...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Alessio Bernasconi, Nazim Mehdi, Julien Laborde, Cesar de Cesar Netto, Louis Dagneaux, François Lintz
Ankle arthrodesis has been widely reported as an effective solution in treating tibiotalar joint osteoarthritis. The arthroscopic tibiotalar approach for arthrodesis has also been proven to give excellent results in terms of bone fusion rates and reduction of wound-related pain and complications. Historically, ankle malalignment has represented one of the main contraindications for the arthroscopic procedure, but interestingly some investigators have shown that the coronal joint deformity may be addressed arthroscopically as well...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Maurice Balke, Ralph Akoto, Christoph Offerhaus, Juergen Hoeher
The biomechanical consequences of a tear of the posterior root of the medial meniscus are comparable to that of a complete meniscectomy. The integrity of the meniscal roots is crucial to enable the important function of load sharing and shock absorption. An untreated root tear leads to extrusion and loss of function of the meniscus causing early degenerative arthritis of the respective knee compartment. Meniscal root repair can be achieved by 2 main techniques: indirect fixation using pullout sutures through a transtibial tunnel with extracortical fixation and direct fixation using suture anchors...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Nicholas Elena, Brittany M Woodall, Sohyun Ahn, Patrick J McGahan, Neil P Pathare, Edward C Shin, James L Chen
Open Bankart repair was the standard technique used in the past, but the request for less invasiveness, always pursued by every surgeon, pushed the development of the arthroscopic procedure. Nowadays the stabilization of the anteroinferior labrum is usually performed with an arthroscopic technique that uses the classic posterior portal and 2 anterior working portals. Because arthroscopy is progressing steadily under every aspect, there is now the chance to use only one working portal with the aid of a suture passer...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Nishith Shah, Reetadyuti Mukhopadhyay, Rohan Vakta, Jaymin Bhatt
It was in the early 1900s that anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair was first described with its resurgence in the mid-1900s. It however failed to gain popularity because of unsatisfactory early outcomes as a result of poorly selected patients. We describe a suture pullout technique of acute ACL repair in a carefully selected cohort of patients. Healing capabilities similar to that of the proximal medial collateral ligament have been shown in the proximal ACL avulsions. Adding microfracture of the lateral wall of the notch further enhances the healing environment by countering the synovial fluid environment...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Mohamed Aboalata, Ahmed Almohandes, Osama Abunar, Moheib S Ahmed, Andreas B Imhoff, Yehia Bassiouny
Avulsion fractures of the tibial eminence, although generally a rare injury pattern, are more common in children and adolescents than in adults. Many open and arthroscopic techniques are available with variable degrees of satisfying results and incidence of complications and adverse effects. Arthroscopic fixation appeared to improve the functional outcomes with fewer complications than the open fixation. New techniques were reported using commercially available suspension sling devices for the acromioclavicular joint that offers an easy and rapid method of fixation...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Drew A Ratner, Jason P Rogers, John M Tokish
In this Technical Note, we describe an arthroscopic remplissage procedure to treat anterior instability. Specifically, we use a technique to perform double-pulley capsulotenodesis of the infraspinatus tendon using a Knotless SutureTak Suture Anchor (Arthrex, Naples, FL). This is a modification of a previously described double-pulley technique. The primary advantage of our technique compared with the previous double-pulley techniques described is that knot tying is not required.
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Tun Hing Lui, Wilson Wai Shun Hau
Different pathologies can occur in the peroneus longus tendon at the sole. Many of them can be dealt with by peroneus longus tendoscopy of the sole. The purpose of this Technical Note is to describe the details of this minimally invasive approach to the peroneus longus tendon of the sole. This has the advantages of better cosmesis, less soft tissue dissection, less postoperative pain, and less peritendinous fibrosis.
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Krzysztof Hermanowicz, Adrian Góralczyk, Konrad Malinowski, Piotr Jancewicz, Marcin E Domżalski
Despite the development in shoulder surgery, massive irreparable rotator cuff tears still remain challenging for orthopaedic surgeons. Many surgical methods are addressed to this kind of pathology, but each of them has its own limitations. We decided to fuse the ideas of superior capsular reconstruction, "GraftJacket" technique, and partial rotator cuff repair. In this way, the technique using the long head biceps tendon simultaneously as a vascularized bridge between rotator cuff remnants and greater tubercle and as a depressor for the humeral head was created...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Juha O Ranne, Terho U Kainonen, Jussi A Kosola, Lasse L Lempainen, Kari J Kanto, Janne T Lehtinen
Several techniques have been introduced to treat acromioclavicular separation with coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction using graft augmentation. A modified arthroscopic technique for coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction was used based on a previous technique where the supportive device and tendon graft share the clavicular and coracoid drill holes. A notable problem with the previous technique was large protruding suture knots on the washer and clavicle, which could predispose to wound infection. In this modified technique, titanium implants were introduced...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Andrew J Hotchen, Joel T K Melton
Mucoid degeneration of the anterior cruciate ligament (MD-ACL) is an underdiagnosed ACL pathology. When recognized, one potential management strategy involves arthroscopic debridement to "debulk" the ACL. Here, with the addition of video footage, we describe our arthroscopic technique for MD-ACL debridement using radiofrequency ablation. We show the engorged, stranded MD-ACL during arthroscopy and how this engorgement causes impingement in the femoral notch, resulting in the symptoms described by the patient...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Patrick E Jones, Dustin J Schuett
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears represent one of the most common sports-related injuries in the young population. There are multiple studies showing higher failure rates in the younger population with an allograft supporting the routine use of an autograft. In addition, higher failure rates have been shown with grafts narrower than 8 mm in diameter. This places the surgeon in an operative dilemma determining what to do with a narrow graft or an attenuated hamstring during harvest. All-inside ACL reconstruction is a promising technique for reliably creating sufficiently wide grafts without the need for allograft augmentation...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Ahmed Nady Saleh Elsaid, Assem Mohamed Noureldin Zein, Mohamed ElShafie, Nady Saleh El Said, Alaa Zenhom Mahmoud
Various arthroscopic techniques have been devised for fixation of tibial eminence avulsions, namely percutaneous K-wires, arthroscopy-guided screw fixation, staples, TightRope (Arthrex)-suture button fixation, and transosseous suture fixation. Such techniques provide well-pronounced advantages including less postoperative pain, a reduced hospital stay, and minimal scar with resultant earlier and more compliant rehabilitation. As for transosseous suture fixation, the standard technique comprises the creation of 2 tibial tunnels exiting on both sides of the footprint of the avulsion fracture using an anterior cruciate ligament tibial guide with the angle set at 45°...
May 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
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