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Arthroscopy Techniques

Jason T Hamamoto, Timothy Leroux, Jorge Chahla, Sanjeev Bhatia, John D Higgins, Anthony A Romeo, Adam B Yanke, Nikhil N Verma
The preoperative assessment of anterior glenoid bone loss is a critical step in surgical planning for patients with recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability. The structural integrity of the glenoid has been identified as one of the most important factors influencing the success of operative repair. The currently accepted gold standard for glenoid structural assessment among most orthopaedic surgeons is the use of 3-dimensional reconstructed computed tomography images with the humeral head digitally subtracted, yielding an en face sagittal oblique view of the glenoid...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Tracy Ng, Lane N Rush, Felix H Savoie
In this note, we describe an arthroscopic repair of a degenerative tear of the triceps using a suture weave and an anatomic footprint anchor. We are able to assess, debride, and anatomically repair the distal triceps to its insertion. Compared with open procedures, this arthroscopic repair offers lower morbidity, faster recovery, and improved cosmesis. Our goal was to improve the function and strength of the elbow through this arthroscopic surgical fixation.
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Matthew Yalizis, Kevin Kruse, Arnaud Godenèche
Proper visualization is of paramount importance during arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. We propose a technique that significantly improves the visualization of the rotator cuff when viewing from the anterolateral or lateral portals. This "panorama" view is obtained by a release of the deep layer of the deltoid fascia, which in turn increases the space between the humerus and the deltoid muscle. This release increases the volume of the subdeltoid bursa, secondarily increasing the field of view of the subacromial space with the camera viewing from the anterolateral or lateral portals...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Cecilia Pascual-Garrido, Jiandong Hao, John Schrock, Omer Mei-Dan, Jorge Chahla
Cartilage lesions in the hip are of high prevalence. Most of these lesions are treated with microfracture. Microfracture has relatively good subjective outcomes for smaller lesions; however, it is limited by the ability to reproduce hyaline cartilage, especially in older patients. For larger chondral defects, we present a technique using juvenile allograft cartilage implantation implanted arthroscopically to treat cartilage lesions in the hip. The purpose of this technical note is to describe the arthroscopic technique for treating chondral lesions in the hip with allograft juvenile cartilage...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Jorge Chahla, Chase S Dean, Justin J Mitchell, Gilbert Moatshe, Raphael Serra Cruz, Robert F LaPrade
Genu varus malalignment can lead to medial compartment overload and progression of ipsilateral compartment osteoarthritis. To slow this process, a medial opening wedge proximal tibial osteotomy (PTO) can be performed. This type of PTO is indicated in patients with genu varus malalignment and isolated medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee, prior to or concurrent with medial compartment cartilage procedures or meniscal transplants, chronic posterolateral corner deficiency, or chronic anterior cruciate ligament deficiency...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Graeme P Whyte, Alberto Gobbi, Boguslaw Sadlik
Cartilage lesions of the knee are a frequent finding; however, treatment options that are capable of restoring hyaline-like tissue are not routinely used. Cell-based technology such as autologous chondrocyte implantation may in some cases provide durable cartilage repair, but availability of this procedure is often restricted due to cost constraints. There have been promising outcomes reported with the use of scaffolds seeded with activated bone marrow aspirate concentrate in cases of chondral injury. There are clear advantages to cell-based cartilage repair techniques that are performed as a single-stage procedure, particularly when the repair technology can be used in a minimally invasive manner...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Chad M Fortun, Ivan Wong, Joseph P Burns
Failed arthroscopic soft-tissue stabilization and anterior glenoid bone loss have been shown to have high failure rates after standard arthroscopic stabilization techniques. For patients with recurrent glenohumeral instability, the Bristow-Latarjet procedure is currently the standard of care. It is predominantly performed through an open deltopectoral approach but has recently been described arthroscopically. Although providing excellent clinical outcomes, the Bristow-Latarjet procedure violates the subscapularis muscle, has a steep learning curve with a high complication rate, and permanently changes the anterior shoulder anatomy, making any future revision surgery more challenging...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Miten Rajendra Sheth, Sachin Ramchandra Tapasvi, Shantanu Sudhakar Patil
Lesions of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are common; the current gold standard of treatment for such lesions is ACL reconstruction. Tibial-sided soft-tissue avulsion is a rare subtype of ACL injuries. Unlike femoral-sided ACL repair, surgery for acute tibial-sided ACL ruptures has been neither reported nor described. This technical note presents a method for primary anatomic ACL reinsertion for an acute distal soft-tissue avulsion-type ACL injury, using a transosseous pull-out repair technique. Our technique, as an alternative to reconstruction, has the potential to enhance healing due to marrow stimulation (tibial tunneling)...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Ryan Sauber, George Saborio, Beth M Nickel, Benjamin R Kivlan, John J Christoforetti
Advanced hip joint-preserving arthroscopic techniques have been shown to improve patient-reported functional outcomes with low rates of postoperative complications. Prior work has shown that formation of adhesive scar is a potential source of persistent pain and cause for revision surgery. As resources for postoperative in-studio physical therapy become scarce, a home-based strategy to avoid scar formation without adding formal therapy cost may be beneficial. The purpose of this technical note is to introduce a patient-centered educational video technique for home-caregiver delivery of manual hip pendulum exercises in the postoperative setting...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Marco Nitri, Jorge Chahla, David Civitarese, Sanjeev Bhatia, Samuel G Moulton, Christopher M LaPrade, Robert F LaPrade
Complete radial tears of the medial meniscus significantly decrease the meniscal tissue's ability to dissipate tibiofemoral loads and have been described as functionally similar to a total meniscectomy, predisposing patients to early osteoarthritis. At present, no consensus exists regarding the optimal surgical treatment of a radial meniscal tear. Current repair techniques have led to a reportedly high rate of incomplete healing or healing of the meniscus in a nonanatomic, gapped position, which compromises its ability to withstand hoop stresses...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Andrea M Spiker, Christopher L Camp, Brian T Barlow, Shawn G Anthony, Struan H Coleman
This article describes the use of sutures to enhance visualization while protecting the capsule in both the central and peripheral compartments during hip arthroscopy. We describe first a technique to preserve the proximal capsule cuff while working in the central compartment and then an alternative to the T-capsulotomy while maintaining excellent visualization of the peripheral compartment during femoroplasty of cam-type femoroacetabular impingement. By use of suture suspension of the capsule, multiple goals are achieved: The integrity of the proximal capsule cuff is maintained while aiding in visualization of the central compartment; the iliofemoral ligament is spared, which plays a critical role in preventing microinstability; the necessary space is created to obtain adequate visualization of the peripheral compartment for complete femoroplasty; and operative time is reduced because creation and subsequent repair of the T-capsulotomy can be avoided...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Lionel Neyton, Matthew Daggett, Kevin Kruse, Gilles Walch
The "hidden lesion" refers to a tear of the subscapularis in the presence of an intact biceps pulley or rotator interval. Visualization of these tears during open surgery is difficult, yet even with the advancement of arthroscopy, visualization can still be challenging. Incomplete visualization of the subscapularis could lead to failure to diagnose a tear of the tendon and subsequently hinder results after shoulder surgery. With the advancement of arthroscopy, a technique to identify these hidden lesions is needed to avoid inferior results...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Mathieu Thaunat, Jean Marie Fayard, Tales M Guimaraes, Nicolas Jan, Colin G Murphy, Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet
Ramp lesions of the medial meniscus are commonly associated with anterior cruciate ligament ruptures and consist of longitudinal peripheral tears of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus. Given the frequency of partial-thickness tears, they can be difficult to diagnose arthroscopically from the anterior compartment. We describe a classification of the different types of ramp lesions depending on both tear pattern (partial- or full-thickness tear) and associated meniscotibial ligament disruption. An original technique of arthroscopic suture placement through a single posteromedial portal with a 25° curved suture hook device is described...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Robert A Duerr, John J Christoforetti
Posterior glenohumeral capsular rupture is a rare cause of posterior glenohumeral instability. With advances in imaging and arthroscopic techniques, diagnosis and treatment of posterior glenohumeral instability are becoming more common in practice. We present a technique for arthroscopic repair of a posterior glenohumeral capsular rupture with concomitant anterior and posterior labrum detachment. Arthroscopic fixation was facilitated by use of a 70° arthroscope through an anterior viewing portal to allow accurate placement of the posterior portal in preparation for knot tying...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Wiroon Laupattarakasem, Pat Laupattarakasem
We describe a sliding knot that is ideally lockable by transforming the original simple figure-of-8 configuration into a true interlocking, low-profile knot with an α-α configuration that creates strong primary knot security when tying is finished. Reversed half-hitches on alternating posts for secondary knot security can be added, but to save surgical time, these are not obligatory. Three simple knot-tying methods are presented; the choice of which to use is based on the surgeon's preference. Pulling the loop limb simultaneously on both sides of the knot could trigger premature knot flipping...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Tanya Keough, David Wilson, Ivan Wong
Over the past 2 decades, hip arthroscopy has developed as a surgical technique, with more orthopaedic surgeons attempting to become proficient in performing this surgical procedure as indications and surgical skills evolve. The hip joint presents unique arthroscopic challenges because of its anatomic location, and it can be challenging to safely and confidently establish portal sites. Ultrasound-guided hip arthroscopy portal placement is not yet common practice for orthopaedic surgeons. The potential advantages of ultrasound-guided hip arthroscopy portal placement are the lack of radiation exposure to the patient and operating room personnel, direct visualization of the hip joint and surrounding soft-tissue structures, and lack of bulky fluoroscopic equipment in the operative field...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Patrick Barousse, Michael Saper, Karim Meijer, Charles Roth, James R Andrews
Elbow arthroscopy is a useful tool for managing diseases of the elbow, including valgus extension overload, when conservative treatments have failed. Arthroscopic access to the elbow in the supine-suspended position is simple and reproducible with the technique described in this report. Synovial tissue can be cleared, optimizing visualization of the anatomic structures in the elbow including the posterior ulnohumeral joint. This report describes, in detail, arthroscopy of the elbow in the supine-suspended position and basic principles for arthroscopic decompression of the posterior elbow for valgus extension overload...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Justin A Ly, Erin M Coleman, Eric J Kropf
The treatment of anterior shoulder instability is well described with various techniques, including arthroscopic double-row repair, an alternative to open stabilization procedures in high-risk groups. The surgical management of posterior instability in high-risk and athletic populations is a less-explored entity. We describe our technique for an all arthroscopic double-row suture anchor repair of a large posterior bony Bankart lesion. We prefer this technique over percutaneous cannulated screw fixation because the double-row suture technique allows for incorporation of capsular plication with bony fixation in an effort to better restore normal anatomy for capsulolabral complex...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Steven Giuseffi, Larry D Field, Thomas V Giel, Brian T Brislin, Felix H Savoie
Patients with rotator cuff tears may present with or subsequently develop concomitant shoulder stiffness. The treatment of rotator cuff tears in the face of passive glenohumeral motion loss is controversial. Preoperative shoulder stiffness has been considered by some a contraindication to rotator cuff repair. Some surgeons recommend staging surgical procedures and delaying rotator cuff repair until shoulder stiffness has resolved. However, this can lead to prolonged recovery times and patient dissatisfaction...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Walter Kim, Peter McQueen, Jonathan N Watson, Mark R Hutchinson
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is one of the most extensively studied surgical procedures in orthopaedics. The importance of this ligament for knee function and stability has been widely studied. For athletes who participate in activities involving cutting, twisting, and running, surgical reconstruction of the ACL has become the standard of care. However, there is much debate regarding the techniques involved in ACL reconstruction, including graft choice, technique of drilling the femoral tunnel, and single- versus double-bundle reconstruction...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
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