journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

NeuroImage: Clinical

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387534/white-matter-changes-in-treatment-refractory-schizophrenia-does-cognitive-control-and-myelination-matter
#1
Lucy D Vanes, Elias Mouchlianitis, Tobias C Wood, Sukhi S Shergill
Widespread white matter abnormalities have been reported in schizophrenia, a disorder frequently characterised as a dysconnection syndrome. White matter connectivity in schizophrenia has been predominantly investigated using diffusion weighted imaging, with reductions in fractional anisotropy throughout the brain often interpreted as an indicator of abnormal myelination. However, diffusion weighted imaging lacks specificity and as such a number of microstructural factors besides myelin may be contributing to these results...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387533/disrupted-brain-network-topology-in-chronic-insomnia-disorder-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#2
Zhonglin Li, Rui Chen, Min Guan, Enfeng Wang, Tianyi Qian, Cuihua Zhao, Zhi Zou, Thomas Beck, Dapeng Shi, Meiyun Wang, Hongju Zhang, Yongli Li
This study investigated the topological characteristics of brain functional networks in chronic insomnia disorder (CID) patients. The resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and graph theory analysis method were applied to investigate the brain functional connectome patterns among 45 CID patients and 32 healthy controls. The brain functional connectome was constructed by thresholding partial correlation matrices of 90 brain regions from an automated anatomical labeling atlas. The topologic properties of brain functional connectomes at both global and nodal levels were tested...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387532/fdg-pet-and-csf-biomarker-accuracy-in-prediction-of-conversion-to-different-dementias-in-a-large-multicentre-mci-cohort
#3
Silvia Paola Caminiti, Tommaso Ballarini, Arianna Sala, Chiara Cerami, Luca Presotto, Roberto Santangelo, Federico Fallanca, Emilia Giovanna Vanoli, Luigi Gianolli, Sandro Iannaccone, Giuseppe Magnani, Daniela Perani
Background/aims: In this multicentre study in clinical settings, we assessed the accuracy of optimized procedures for FDG-PET brain metabolism and CSF classifications in predicting or excluding the conversion to Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia and non-AD dementias. Methods: We included 80 MCI subjects with neurological and neuropsychological assessments, FDG-PET scan and CSF measures at entry, all with clinical follow-up. FDG-PET data were analysed with a validated voxel-based SPM method...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387531/diagnostic-accuracy-of-semiautomatic-lesion-detection-plus-quantitative-susceptibility-mapping-in-the-identification-of-new-and-enhancing-multiple-sclerosis-lesions
#4
Shun Zhang, Thanh D Nguyen, Yize Zhao, Susan A Gauthier, Yi Wang, Ajay Gupta
Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a novel non-contrast brain MRI method based on semiautomatic lesion detection using T2w FLAIR subtraction image, the statistical detection of change (SDC) algorithm (T2w + SDC), and quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM). This method identifies new lesions and discriminates between enhancing and nonenhancing lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: Thirty three MS patients who had MRIs at two different time points with at least one new Gd-enhancing lesion on the 2nd MRI were included in the study...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387530/connectivity-derived-thalamic-segmentation-in-deep-brain-stimulation-for-tremor
#5
Harith Akram, Viswas Dayal, Philipp Mahlknecht, Dejan Georgiev, Jonathan Hyam, Thomas Foltynie, Patricia Limousin, Enrico De Vita, Marjan Jahanshahi, John Ashburner, Tim Behrens, Marwan Hariz, Ludvic Zrinzo
The ventral intermediate nucleus (VIM) of the thalamus is an established surgical target for stereotactic ablation and deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the treatment of tremor in Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET). It is centrally placed on a cerebello-thalamo-cortical network connecting the primary motor cortex, to the dentate nucleus of the contralateral cerebellum through the dentato-rubro-thalamic tract (DRT). The VIM is not readily visible on conventional MR imaging, so identifying the surgical target traditionally involved indirect targeting that relies on atlas-defined coordinates...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387529/the-hippocampal-network-model-a-transdiagnostic-metaconnectomic-approach
#6
Eithan Kotkowski, Larry R Price, P Mickle Fox, Thomas J Vanasse, Peter T Fox
Purpose: The hippocampus plays a central role in cognitive and affective processes and is commonly implicated in neurodegenerative diseases. Our study aimed to identify and describe a hippocampal network model (HNM) using trans-diagnostic MRI data from the BrainMap® database. We used meta-analysis to test the network degeneration hypothesis (NDH) (Seeley et al., 2009) by identifying structural and functional covariance in this hippocampal network. Methods: To generate our network model, we used BrainMap's VBM database to perform a region-to-whole-brain (RtWB) meta-analysis of 269 VBM experiments from 165 published studies across a range of 38 psychiatric and neurological diseases reporting hippocampal gray matter density alterations...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387528/cortical-folding-alterations-in-fetuses-with-isolated-non-severe-ventriculomegaly
#7
Oualid M Benkarim, Nadine Hahner, Gemma Piella, Eduard Gratacos, Miguel Angel González Ballester, Elisenda Eixarch, Gerard Sanroma
Neuroimaging of brain diseases plays a crucial role in understanding brain abnormalities and early diagnosis. Of great importance is the study of brain abnormalities in utero and the assessment of deviations in case of maldevelopment. In this work, brain magnetic resonance images from 23 isolated non-severe ventriculomegaly (INSVM) fetuses and 25 healthy controls between 26 and 29 gestational weeks were used to identify INSVM-related cortical folding deviations from normative development. Since these alterations may reflect abnormal neurodevelopment, our working hypothesis is that markers of cortical folding can provide cues to improve the prediction of later neurodevelopmental problems in INSVM subjects...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387527/high-brain-serotonin-levels-in-migraine-between-attacks-a-5-ht-4-receptor-binding-pet-study
#8
Marie Deen, Hanne D Hansen, Anders Hougaard, Martin Nørgaard, Hans Eiberg, Szabolcs Lehel, Messoud Ashina, Gitte M Knudsen
Migraine has been hypothesized to be a syndrome of chronic low serotonin (5-HT) levels, but investigations of brain 5-HT levels have given equivocal results. Here, we used positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of the 5-HT4receptor as a proxy for brain 5-HT levels. Given that the 5-HT4receptor is inversely related to brain 5-HT levels, we hypothesized that between attacks migraine patients would have higher 5-HT4receptor binding compared to controls. Eighteen migraine patients without aura (migraine free >48 h), and 16 age- and sex-matched controls underwent PET scans after injection of [11C]SB207145, a specific 5-HT4receptor radioligand...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387526/performance-monitoring-in-lung-cancer-patients-pre-and-post-chemotherapy-using-fine-grained-electrophysiological-measures
#9
M Simó, A Gurtubay-Antolin, L Vaquero, J Bruna, A Rodríguez-Fornells
No previous event-related potentials (ERPs) study has explored the error-related negativity (ERN) - an ERP component indexing performance monitoring - associated to cancer and chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment in a lung cancer population. The aim of this study was to examine differences in performance monitoring in a small-cell lung cancer group (SCLC, C +) 1-month following chemotherapy and two control groups: a non-small cell lung cancer patient group (NSCLC, C -) prior to chemotherapy and a healthy control group (HC)...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387525/priming-production-neural-evidence-for-enhanced-automatic-semantic-activity-preceding-language-production-in-schizophrenia
#10
Gina R Kuperberg, Nathaniel Delaney-Busch, Kristina Fanucci, Trevor Blackford
Introduction: Lexico-semantic disturbances are considered central to schizophrenia. Clinically, their clearest manifestation is in language production. However, most studies probing their underlying mechanisms have used comprehension or categorization tasks. Here, we probed automatic semantic activity prior to language production in schizophrenia using event-related potentials (ERPs). Methods: 19 people with schizophrenia and 16 demographically-matched healthy controls named target pictures that were very quickly preceded by masked prime words...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387524/evidence-of-progressive-tissue-loss-in-the-core-of-chronic-ms-lesions-a-longitudinal-dti-study
#11
Alexander Klistorner, Chenyu Wang, Con Yiannikas, John Parratt, Michael Dwyer, Joshua Barton, Stuart L Graham, Yuyi You, Sidong Liu, Michael H Barnett
Objective: Using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), we examined chronic stable MS lesions, peri-lesional white matter (PLWM) and normal appearing white matter (NAWM) in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) for evidence of progressive tissue destruction and evaluated whether diffusivity change is associated with conventional MRI parameters and clinical findings. Method: Pre- and post-gadolinium T1, T2 and DTI images were acquired from 55 consecutive RRMS patients at baseline and 42...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349038/abnormal-neural-hierarchy-in-processing-of-verbal-information-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#12
Yulia Lerner, Maya Bleich-Cohen, Shimrit Solnik-Knirsh, Galit Yogev-Seligmann, Tamir Eisenstein, Waheed Madah, Alon Shamir, Talma Hendler, Ilana Kremer
Previous research indicates abnormal comprehension of verbal information in patients with schizophrenia. Yet the neural mechanism underlying the breakdown of verbal information processing in schizophrenia is poorly understood. Imaging studies in healthy populations have shown a network of brain areas involved in hierarchical processing of verbal information over time. Here, we identified critical aspects of this hierarchy, examining patients with schizophrenia. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we examined various levels of information comprehension elicited by naturally presented verbal stimuli; from a set of randomly shuffled words to an intact story...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349037/family-history-of-alcoholism-and-the-human-brain-response-to-oral-sucrose
#13
William J A Eiler, Mario Dzemidzic, Christina M Soeurt, Claire R Carron, Brandon G Oberlin, Robert V Considine, Jaroslaw Harezlak, David A Kareken
A heightened hedonic response to sweet tastes has been associated with increased alcohol preference and alcohol consumption in both humans and animals. The principal goal of this study was to examine blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) activation to high- and low-concentration sweet solutions in subjects who are either positive (FHP) or negative (FHN) for a family history of alcoholism. Seventy-four non-treatment seeking, community-recruited, healthy volunteers (22.8 ± 1.6 SD years; 43% men) rated a range of sucrose concentrations in a taste test and underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during oral delivery of water, 0...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326869/prenatal-methadone-exposure-is-associated-with-altered-neonatal-brain-development
#14
Victoria J Monnelly, Devasuda Anblagan, Alan Quigley, Manuel Blesa Cabez, E Sarah Cooper, Helen Mactier, Scott I Semple, Mark E Bastin, James P Boardman
Methadone is used for medication-assisted treatment of heroin addiction during pregnancy. The neurodevelopmental outcome of children with prenatal methadone exposure can be sub-optimal. We tested the hypothesis that brain development is altered among newborn infants whose mothers were prescribed methadone. 20 methadone-exposed neonates born after 37 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA) and 20 non-exposed controls underwent diffusion MRI at mean PMA of 39+ 2 and 41+ 1 weeks, respectively. An age-optimized Tract-based Spatial Statistics (TBSS) pipeline was used to perform voxel-wise statistical comparison of fractional anisotropy (FA) data between exposed and non-exposed neonates...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321971/processing-and-regulation-of-negative-emotions-in-anorexia-nervosa-an-fmri-study
#15
Maria Seidel, Joseph A King, Franziska Ritschel, Ilka Boehm, Daniel Geisler, Fabio Bernardoni, Matthias Beck, Sophie Pauligk, Ronald Biemann, Alexander Strobel, Thomas Goschke, Henrik Walter, Veit Roessner, Stefan Ehrlich
Theoretical models and recent advances in the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN) have increasingly focused on the role of alterations in the processing and regulation of emotions. To date, however, our understanding of these changes is still limited and reports of emotional dysregulation in AN have been based largely on self-report data, and there is a relative lack of objective experimental evidence or neurobiological data. The current functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study investigated the hemodynamic correlates of passive viewing and voluntary downregulation of negative emotions by means of the reappraisal strategy detachment in AN patients...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321970/deepied-an-epileptic-discharge-detector-for-eeg-fmri-based-on-deep-learning
#16
Yongfu Hao, Hui Ming Khoo, Nicolas von Ellenrieder, Natalja Zazubovits, Jean Gotman
Presurgical evaluation that can precisely delineate the epileptogenic zone (EZ) is one important step for successful surgical resection treatment of refractory epilepsy patients. The noninvasive EEG-fMRI recording technique combined with general linear model (GLM) analysis is considered an important tool for estimating the EZ. However, the manual marking of interictal epileptic discharges (IEDs) needed in this analysis is challenging and time-consuming because the quality of the EEG recorded inside the scanner is greatly deteriorated compared to the usual EEG obtained outside the scanner...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321969/the-two-year-progression-of-structural-and-functional-cerebral-mri-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#17
R A L Menke, M Proudfoot, K Talbot, M R Turner
MRI has emerged as one of several urgently needed candidate disease progression biomarkers for the neurodegenerative disorder amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), not least due to its unique ability to non-invasively assess structural and functional cerebral pathology. We sought to identify the extent of detectable change in cerebral MRI metrics over a more prolonged period. Analysis of multi-modal MRI data was performed in a cohort of sixteen patients (13 ALS and 3 with primary lateral sclerosis) in whom it was possible to acquire six-monthly images over two years...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276677/cross-sectional-variations-of-white-and-grey-matter-in-older-hypertensive-patients-with-subjective-memory-complaints
#18
Ahmed Chetouani, Mohammad B Chawki, Gabriela Hossu, Anna Kearney-Schwartz, Florence Chauveau-Beuret, Serge Bracard, Veronique Roch, Vincent Lebon, Pierre-Yves Marie, Athanase Benetos, Laure Joly, Antoine Verger
Mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's dementia involve a grey matter disease, quantifiable by 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), but also white matter damage, evidenced by diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI), which may play an additional pathogenic role. This study aimed to determine whether such DTI and PET variations are also interrelated in a high-risk population of older hypertensive patients with only subjective memory complaints (SMC). Sixty older hypertensive patients (75 ± 5 years) with SMC were referred to DTI and FDG-PET brain imaging, executive and memory tests, as well as peripheral and central blood pressure (BP) measurements...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270359/challenges-and-techniques-for-presurgical-brain-mapping-with-functional-mri
#19
REVIEW
Michael A Silva, Alfred P See, Walid I Essayed, Alexandra J Golby, Yanmei Tie
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is increasingly used for preoperative counseling and planning, and intraoperative guidance for tumor resection in the eloquent cortex. Although there have been improvements in image resolution and artifact correction, there are still limitations of this modality. In this review, we discuss clinical fMRI's applications, limitations and potential solutions. These limitations depend on the following parameters: foundations of fMRI, physiologic effects of the disease, distinctions between clinical and research fMRI, and the design of the fMRI study...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270358/identifying-neural-drivers-of-benign-childhood-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes
#20
Azeez Adebimpe, Emilie Bourel-Ponchel, Fabrice Wallois
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by abnormal electrical discharges in a group of brain cells. Benign childhood epilepsy, which affect children under the age of 12 years, has been reported to contribute to the cognitive impairment of these children, even in the absence of structural abnormalities. Functional connectivity models have been applied to provide a deeper understanding of the processes that control and regulate interictal activity of benign childhood epilepsy. These studies have shown regions of increased connectivity and activity, particularly at the epileptic zone, which is usually the central region around the sensorimotor cortex, and in the immediate regions surrounding the zone and reduced activity in distant regions, such as the frontal lobe and temporal regions...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
journal
journal
47559
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"