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Translational Vision Science & Technology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920007/towards-treatment-of-stargardt-disease-workshop-organized-and-sponsored-by-the-foundation-fighting-blindness
#1
REVIEW
Avery E Sears, Paul S Bernstein, Artur V Cideciyan, Carel Hoyng, Peter Charbel Issa, Krzysztof Palczewski, Philip J Rosenfeld, SriniVas Sadda, Ulrich Schraermeyer, Janet R Sparrow, Ilyas Washington, Hendrik P N Scholl
Accumulation of fluorescent metabolic byproducts of the visual (retinoid) cycle is associated with photoreceptor and retinal pigment epithelial cell death in both Stargardt disease and atrophic (nonneovascular) age-related macular degeneration (AMD). As a consequence of this observation, small molecular inhibitors of enzymes in the visual cycle were recently tested in clinical trials as a strategy to protect the retina and retinal pigment epithelium in patients with atrophic AMD. To address the clinical translational needs for therapies aimed at both diseases, a workshop organized by the Foundation Fighting Blindness was hosted by the Department of Pharmacology at Case Western Reserve University on February 17, 2017, at the Tinkham Veale University Center, Cleveland, OH, USA...
September 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900578/restoration-of-cone-photoreceptor-function-in-retinitis-pigmentosa
#2
REVIEW
Henry J Kaplan, Wei Wang, Douglas C Dean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900577/comparison-of-threshold-saccadic-vector-optokinetic-perimetry-svop-and-standard-automated-perimetry-sap-in-glaucoma-part-ii-patterns-of-visual-field-loss-and-acceptability
#3
Alice D McTrusty, Lorraine A Cameron, Antonios Perperidis, Harry M Brash, Andrew J Tatham, Pankaj K Agarwal, Ian C Murray, Brian W Fleck, Robert A Minns
PURPOSE: We compared patterns of visual field loss detected by standard automated perimetry (SAP) to saccadic vector optokinetic perimetry (SVOP) and examined patient perceptions of each test. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done of 58 healthy subjects and 103 with glaucoma who were tested using SAP and two versions of SVOP (v1 and v2). Visual fields from both devices were categorized by masked graders as: 0, normal; 1, paracentral defect; 2, nasal step; 3, arcuate defect; 4, altitudinal; 5, biarcuate; and 6, end-stage field loss...
September 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900576/comparison-of-saccadic-vector-optokinetic-perimetry-and-standard-automated-perimetry-in-glaucoma-part-i-threshold-values-and-repeatability
#4
Ian C Murray, Antonios Perperidis, Lorraine A Cameron, Alice D McTrusty, Harry M Brash, Andrew J Tatham, Pankaj K Agarwal, Brian W Fleck, Robert A Minns
PURPOSE: We evaluated threshold saccadic vector optokinetic perimetry (SVOP) and compared results to standard automated perimetry (SAP). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done including 162 subjects (103 with glaucoma and 59 healthy subjects) recruited at a university hospital. All subjects underwent SAP and threshold SVOP. SVOP uses an eye tracker to monitor eye movement responses to stimuli and determines if stimuli have been perceived based on the vector of the gaze response...
September 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875064/imaging-of-retinal-vascular-layers-adaptive-optics-scanning-laser-ophthalmoscopy-versus-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#5
Yoshihiro Kaizu, Shintaro Nakao, Iori Wada, Muneo Yamaguchi, Kohta Fujiwara, Shigeo Yoshida, Toshio Hisatomi, Yasuhiro Ikeda, Takehito Hayami, Tatsuro Ishibashi, Koh-Hei Sonoda
PURPOSE: Retinal vascular networks are observed as a layered structure residing in a nerve fiber layer and an inner nuclear layer of the retina. This study aimed to evaluate reflectance confocal adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (AO-SLO) for imaging of the layered retinal vascular networks. METHODS: This study included 16 eyes of 16 healthy cases. On the fovea, 2.8- and 3.0 mm(2)-areas were imaged using a prototype AO-SLO and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), respectively...
September 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875063/organo-selenium-coatings-inhibit-gram-negative-and-gram-positive-bacterial-attachment-to-ophthalmic-scleral-buckle-material
#6
Phat Tran, Avery Arnett, Courtney Jarvis, Thomas Mosley, Khien Tran, Rob Hanes, Dan Webster, Kelly Mitchell, Leo Dominguez, Abdul Hamood, Ted W Reid
PURPOSE: Biofilm formation is a problem for solid and sponge-type scleral buckles. This can lead to complications that require removal of the buckle, and result in vision loss due to related ocular morbidity, primarily infection, or recurrent retinal detachment. We investigate the ability of a covalent organo-selenium coating to inhibit biofilm formation on a scleral buckle. METHODS: Sponge and solid Labtican brand scleral buckles were coated with organo-selenium coupled to a silyation reagent...
September 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845363/new-methods-for-quantification-of-visual-photosensitivity-threshold-and-symptoms
#7
Jennifer D Verriotto, Alex Gonzalez, Mariela C Aguilar, Jean-Marie A Parel, William J Feuer, Andrew R Smith, Byron L Lam
PURPOSE: Visual photosensitivity is a common symptom difficult to measure and diagnose, and is found in many ocular and neurological disorders. We developed two novel reproducible quantitative assessments of visual photosensitivity. METHODS: We designed and built the ocular photosensitivity analyzer (OPA), an automated instrument to determine light intensity visual photosensitivity threshold (VPT), and developed the Visual Light Sensitivity Questionnaire-8 (VLSQ-8), an eight-question survey to assess the presence and severity of photosensitivity symptoms...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824828/erratum
#8
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 16 in vol. 6, PMID: 28616362.].
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824827/human-factor-and-usability-testing-of-a-binocular-optical-coherence-tomography-system
#9
Reena Chopra, Pádraig J Mulholland, Adam M Dubis, Roger S Anderson, Pearse A Keane
PURPOSE: To perform usability testing of a binocular optical coherence tomography (OCT) prototype to predict its function in a clinical setting, and to identify any potential user errors, especially in an elderly and visually impaired population. METHODS: Forty-five participants with chronic eye disease (mean age 62.7 years) and 15 healthy controls (mean age 53 years) underwent automated eye examination using the prototype. Examination included 'whole-eye' OCT, ocular motility, visual acuity measurement, perimetry, and pupillometry...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798898/dark-adapted-chromatic-perimetry-for-measuring-rod-visual-fields-in-patients-with-retinitis-pigmentosa
#10
Lea D Bennett, Martin Klein, Kirsten G Locke, Kelly Kiser, David G Birch
PURPOSE: Although rod photoreceptors are initially affected in retinitis pigmentosa (RP), the full-field of rod vision is not routinely characterized due to the unavailability of commercial devices detecting rod sensitivity. The purpose of this study was to quantify rod-mediated vision in the peripheral field from patients with RP using a new commercially available perimeter. METHODS: Participants had one eye dilated and dark-adapted for 45 minutes. A dark-adapted chromatic (DAC) perimeter tested 80 loci 144° horizontally and 72° vertically with cyan stimuli...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781927/gait-characteristics-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-patients
#11
Varshini Varadaraj, Aleksandra Mihailovic, Rebecca Ehrenkranz, Stephen Lesche, Pradeep Y Ramulu, Bonnielin K Swenor
PURPOSE: To identify potential differences between age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients and controls in fall-relevant gait characteristics. METHODS: Spatiotemporal gait characteristics using the GAITRite walkway were collected from 29 AMD patients and 20 controls, aged 60 to 90 years, at the Wilmer Eye Institute. Multiple linear regressions, controlling for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and comorbidities were used to assess associations between gait characteristics and AMD...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736686/evaluating-changes-in-ocular-redness-using-a-novel-automated-method
#12
Francisco Amparo, Jia Yin, Antonio Di Zazzo, Tulio Abud, Ula V Jurkunas, Pedram Hamrah, Reza Dana
PURPOSE: To evaluate interobserver concordance in measured ocular redness among a group of raters using an objective computer-assisted method (ocular redness index [ORI]) and a group of clinicians using an ordinal comparative scale. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study to evaluate ocular redness in clinical photographs of 12 patients undergoing pterygium surgery. Photographs were acquired preoperatively, and at 1 week and 1 month postoperatively. One group of clinicians graded conjunctival redness in the photographs using an image-based comparative scale...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736685/reducing-variability-of-perimetric-global-indices-from-eyes-with-progressive-glaucoma-by-censoring-unreliable-sensitivity-data
#13
Manoj Pathak, Shaban Demirel, Stuart K Gardiner
PURPOSE: Recent evidence suggests that increasing perimetric contrast all the way to 0 dB may not be clinically useful. This study examines whether raising the floor for point-wise sensitivities affects the ability of global indices to detect change. METHODS: Longitudinal data from eyes with progressive glaucoma were used. Point-wise sensitivities were censored at various cutoffs (12-19 dB). At each cutoff, mean deviations (MD) were recalculated using censored sensitivities, called censored mean deviation (CMD)...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729948/algorithms-for-the-automated-analysis-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-biomarkers-on-optical-coherence-tomography-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Maximilian W M Wintergerst, Thomas Schultz, Johannes Birtel, Alexander K Schuster, Norbert Pfeiffer, Steffen Schmitz-Valckenberg, Frank G Holz, Robert P Finger
PURPOSE: To assess the quality of optical coherence tomography (OCT) grading algorithms for retinal biomarkers of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Following a systematic review of the literature data on detection and quantification of AMD retinal biomarkers by available algorithms were extracted and descriptively synthesized. Algorithm quality was assessed using a modified version of the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 checklist with a focus on accuracy against established reference standards and risk of bias...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729947/associations-between-optic-nerve-head-related-anatomical-parameters-and-refractive-error-over-the-full-range-of-glaucoma-severity
#15
Neda Baniasadi, Mengyu Wang, Hui Wang, Mufeed Mahd, Tobias Elze
PURPOSE: To evaluate the associations between optic disc (OD)-related anatomical parameters (interartery angle [IAA] between superior and inferior temporal retinal arteries, OD tilt [TL], rotation [ROT], and torsion [TO], OD surface curvature [CUR], and central retinal vessel trunk entry point location [CRVTL] on OD) and the spherical equivalent of refractive error (SE), and to assess the impact of glaucoma severity on these relationships. METHODS: Cirrus optical coherence tomography (OCT) fundus images and 24-2 visual fields of 438 patients were included...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721309/retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells-are-a-potential-reservoir-for-ebola-virus-in-the-human-eye
#16
Justine R Smith, Shawn Todd, Liam M Ashander, Theodosia Charitou, Yuefang Ma, Steven Yeh, Ian Crozier, Michael Z Michael, Binoy Appukuttan, Keryn A Williams, David J Lynn, Glenn A Marsh
PURPOSE: Success of Ebola virus (EBOV) as a human pathogen relates at the molecular level primarily to blockade the host cell type I interferon (IFN) antiviral response. Most individuals who survive Ebola virus disease (EVD) develop a chronic disease syndrome: approximately one-quarter of survivors suffer from uveitis, which has been associated with presence of EBOV within the eye. Clinical observations of post-Ebola uveitis indicate involvement of retinal pigment epithelial cells. METHODS: We inoculated ARPE-19 human retinal pigment epithelial cells with EBOV, and followed course of infection by immunocytochemistry and measurement of titer in culture supernatant...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717588/erratum
#17
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 3 in vol. 6.].
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713647/evaluation-of-two-systems-for-fundus-controlled-scotopic-and-mesopic-perimetry-in-eye-with-age-related-macular-degeneration
#18
Julia S Steinberg, Marlene Saßmannshausen, Maximilian Pfau, Monika Fleckenstein, Robert P Finger, Frank G Holz, Steffen Schmitz-Valckenberg
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the MP-1S (Nidek Technologies, Padova, Italy) and the S-MAIA (CenterVue, Padova, Italy) for mesopic and scotopic fundus-controlled perimetry (FCP) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Eleven eyes from 11 patients underwent mesopic and, after 30 minutes of dark adaptation, scotopic (MP-1S: Goldmann V, 200 ms, background luminance 0.0032 cd/m(2); S-MAIA: Goldman III, 200 ms, background luminance <0...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713646/progression-of-local-glaucomatous-damage-near-fixation-as-seen-with-adaptive-optics-imaging
#19
Donald C Hood, Dongwon Lee, Ravivarn Jarukasetphon, Jason Nunez, Maria A Mavrommatis, Richard B Rosen, Robert Ritch, Alfredo Dubra, Toco Y P Chui
PURPOSE: Deep glaucomatous defects near fixation were followed over time with an adaptive optics-scanning light ophthalmoscope (AO-SLO) to better understand the progression of these defects and to explore the use of AO-SLO in detecting them. METHODS: Six eyes of 5 patients were imaged with an AO-SLO from 2 to 4 times for a range of 14.6 to 33.6 months. All eyes had open-angle glaucoma with deep defects in the superior visual field (VF) near fixation as defined by 10-2 VFs with 5 or more points less than -15 dB; two of the eyes had deep defects in the inferior VF as well...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706757/biological-involvement-of-micrornas-in-proliferative-vitreoretinopathy
#20
REVIEW
Hiroki Kaneko, Hiroko Terasaki
Even with a high surgical success rate for retinal detachment and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) supported by the robust improvement in vitrectomy surgery and its related devices, certain questions still remain for the pathogenesis and treatment of PVR. One of the important biological events in PVR is epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. MicroRNAs are noncoding, small, single-strand RNAs that posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression and have essential roles in homeostasis and pathogenesis in many diseases...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
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