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Journal of Education and Health Promotion

Sima Rafiei, Arman Daneshvaran, Sina Abdollahzade
CONTEXT: Shortage of physicians particularly in specialty levels is considered as an important issue in Iran health system. Thus, in an uncertain environment, long-term planning is required for health professionals as a basic priority on a national scale. AIMS: This study aimed to estimate the number of required neurosurgeons using system dynamic modeling. SETTING AND DESIGN: System dynamic modeling was applied to predict the gap between stock and number of required neurosurgeons in Iran up to 2020...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam, Ahmad Reza Raeisi
OBJECTIVE: Exercise evaluation is one of the most important steps and sometimes neglected in designing and taking exercises, in this stage of exercise, it systematically identifying, gathering, and interpreting related information to indicate how an exercise has fulfilled its objectives. The present study aimed to assess the most important evaluation techniques applied in evaluating health exercises for emergencies and disasters. METHODS: This was meta-evaluation study through a systematic review...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Shahla Mohamadirizi, Marjan Mohamadirizi, Soheila Mohamadirizi, Fatemeh Mahmoodi
BACKGROUND: Childbirth self-efficacy is one of the most important factors causing a shift in mothers do vaginal delivery. If the mother feels that she can cope well with stress, will be protected from the harmful effects of stress on your health. Self-efficacy contained individual's assessment of her ability to deal with stressful situations. Strengthen the spiritual beliefs of the patient causes her to be a good result every situation even incurable condition. This study aimed to determine the effect of religious-spiritual support on childbirth self-efficacy in primiparous women...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Farahnaz Kamali, Nikoo Yamani, Tahereh Changiz, Fatemeh Zoubin
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore factors influencing the results of faculty member evaluation from the viewpoints of faculty members affiliated with Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This qualitative study was done using a conventional content analysis method. Participants were faculty members of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences who, considering maximum variation in sampling, were chosen with a purposive sampling method...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Tulika Singh, Sanju Sharma, Bratati Banerjee, Suneela Garg
INTRODUCTION: Anesthesia has become one of the most advanced specialties in modern medicine with tremendous growth in knowledge and substances available for use. However, public awareness toward anesthesiologist and anesthesiology is limited. It is important for us to make people aware about the role played by an anesthesiologist in medical setup. The present study was conducted among patients and attendants to assess the knowledge regarding the anesthesiologist and anesthesiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out at a rural hospital of New Delhi, on 250 adult patients and attendants visiting outpatient departments to assess their knowledge regarding anesthesiologists and anesthesiology...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Amir Tiyuri, Behzad Saberi, Mohammadreza Miri, Ehsan Shahrestanaki, Beyram Bibi Bayat, Hamid Salehiniya
BACKGROUND: Research self-efficacy is one of the main factors influencing the successful conduction of research and following it in students. This study was performed with the aim of determining the research self-efficacy and its relationship with academic performance in postgraduate students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) in 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 320 postgraduate students of TUMS in 2016. Proportional stratified sampling was done with simple random sampling from each school...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Ahmadreza Yazdannik, Elham Izadi Dsatjerdi, Shahla Mohamadirizi
BACKGROUND: Mobile health has the potential to revolutionize the role of educators by empowering nurses to take more responsibility for their own learning. Hence, this study was designed to examine the effect of mobile health method to emergency nurses' knowledge about Emergency Severity Index triage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A two groups' pool blind quasi-experimental study was performed on emergency department nurses working in hospitals affiliated with Isfahan University of Medical Sciences...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Amit Kumar, Akanksha Tiwari, Akshatha Gadiyar, Ridhima B Gaunkar, Amita Kenkre Kamat
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is a disease of addiction and a behavior choice. It is valuable to understand the psychosocial dimension of disease. OBJECTIVES: The research aimed to assess the (I) behavioral determinants and pattern of tobacco use (II) readiness to quit tobacco among patients with oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) using transtheoretical model (TTM) approach visiting the dental college in Goa, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among 300 patients over 3 months...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Habibolah Rezaei, Alireza Yousefi, Bagher Larijani, Reza Dehnavieh, Nima Rezaei, Peyman Adibi
INTRODUCTION: Studies about globalization and internationalization demonstrate different attitudes in explaining these concepts. Since there is no consensus among Iranian specialists about these concepts, the purpose of this study is to explain the concepts of internationalization and globalization in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a systematic review done in the first half of 2016. To explain the concept of globalization and internationalization, articles in Scientific Information D atabase, Magiran database, and Google Scholar were searched with the keywords such as globalization, scientific exchange, international cooperation, curriculum exchange, student exchange, faculty exchange, multinational cooperation, transnational cooperation, and collaborative research...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Mandeep Kumar, Gurminder Singh, Arshdeep Singh, Amanpreet Kaur
BACKGROUND: Dental health-care personnel are at an increased risk toward infections caused by various microorganisms including hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses (HCV). A dentist can play an important role in the prevention of HCV by considering every patient as a potential carrier for hepatitis. Therefore, the present study was conducted to assess the knowledge and awareness of dental health-care professionals regarding various aspects of HCV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 247 private dental practitioners of tricity...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Masoumeh Kordi, Sahar Riyazi, Marziyeh Lotfalizade, Mohammad Taghi Shakeri, Hoseyn Jafari Suny
BACKGROUND AND GOAL: Screening of fetal anomalies is assumed as a necessary measurement in antenatal cares. The screening plans aim at empowerment of individuals to make the informed choice. This study was conducted in order to compare the effect of group and face-to-face education and decisional conflicts among the pregnant females regarding screening of fetal abnormalities. METHODS: This study of the clinical trial was carried out on 240 pregnant women at <10-week pregnancy age in health care medical centers in Mashhad city in 2014...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Veda Vakili, Ahmad Reza Zarifian, Majid Khadem-Rezaiyan
BACKGROUND: The development of public transportation (PT) is a crucial issue in the modern societies. The aim of this study was to assess the status of PT usage among the population residing in Mashhad. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, 464 citizens of Mashhad filled a checklist about PT-use (i.e., bus, taxi, and metro) to find their supporting and opposing factors in 2014. Chi-square, Mann-Whitney, Student's t-test, and logistic regressions were used for inferential analysis in SPSS 11...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Shaleen Vyas, Sandesh Nagarajappa, Pralhad L Dasar, Prashant Mishra
AIM: To translate OHIP-14 into Hindi and test its psychometric properties among school teacher community. METHODS: The OHIP-14 was translated to OHIP-14-H using WHO recommended translation protocol. During pre-testing, an expert panel assessed content validity of the questionnaire. Face validity was assessed on a sample of 10 individuals. The OHIP-14-H was administered on a random sample of 170 primary school teachers. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability were assessed using Cronbach's alpha and Intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) respectively, with 2 weeks interval...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi, Farzaneh Jafarnejad, Zahra Kamali
INTRODUCTION: Primary dysmenorrhea without pelvic pathology is one of the most common complaints in women's medicine. Primary dysmenorrhea can affect the quality of life of women. Aerobic exercise is one of the ways to reduce the severity of primary dysmenorrhea. The present study aimed to determine the effect of 8 weeks of aerobic exercise on the severity of primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: This is a clinical trial study performed on 70 students with primary dysmenorrhea in dormitories of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in 2015...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Alice Chuang, Amy Weil, Jennifer O Howell
BACKGROUND: Humanism is a central tenant of professionalism, a required competency for all residency programs. Yet, few residencies have formal curriculum for teaching this critical aspect of medicine. Instead, professionalism and humanism are often taught informally through role-modeling. With increased burnout, faculty professionalism may suffer and may compromise resident role-modeling. The objective of this study was to design a pilot curriculum to foster humanism in among residents and assess its ability to do so...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Joko Gunawan, Yupin Aungsuroch, Ade Sukarna, Nurasnih Wahab
BACKGROUND: Identifying nursing students' plan after graduation is necessary to maintain the profession in line with their nursing education. This study was conducted to explore the career plans of diploma nursing students after graduation and factors influencing their plans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a qualitative descriptive study using focus group discussion, conducted in Academy of Nursing of Belitung, Indonesia. Twenty diploma nursing students at the beginning of their 1st year of study were recruited...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Ahmadreza Yazdannik, Alireza Yousefy, Sepideh Mohammadi
Discourse analysis (DA) is an interdisciplinary field of inquiry and becoming an increasingly popular research strategy for researchers in various disciplines which has been little employed by health-care researchers. The methodology involves a focus on the sociocultural and political context in which text and talk occur. DA adds a linguistic approach to an understanding of the relationship between language and ideology, exploring the way in which theories of reality and relations of power are encoded in such aspects as the syntax, style, and rhetorical devices used in texts...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Nasrin Hamidizadeh, Shima Simaeetabar, Farhad Handjani, Sara Ranjbar, Mohammad Gohari Moghadam, Mohammad Mahdi Parvizi
INTRODUCTION: Some skin diseases are incurable and modern medicine can only control them. In addition, alternative treatment remedies including balneotherapy can be effective in improving skin conditions. However, there are only a limited number of studies on particular mineral or trace elements of mineral sources that have been identified in Iran. In this respect, the amount of minerals and trace elements in Mamasani thermal source, Fars Province, Iran, was measured using electrochemical, titration, and spectrophotometric methods and evaluated...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Ali Abdolahnejad, Negar Jafari, Amir Mohammadi, Mohammad Miri, Yaghoub Hajizadeh, Ali Nikoonahad
BACKGROUND: Air pollution is an important environmental issue due to its proven serious impacts on human health. The aim of this study was to estimate the attribution of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameters of ≤ 2.5 and 10 (PM2.5 and PM10) in the prevalence of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and premature deaths in Isfahan in 2013-2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive, ecological study was conducted to assess health impacts of PM2.5 and PM10 on the population using Air Q2...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Zohreh Azadi, Maryam Ravanipour, Mohammadreza Yazdankhahfard, Niloofar Motamed, Shahnaz Pouladi
BACKGROUND: Although education is one of the most substantial needs of patients that should be taught by nurses and midwives, it is not clearly defined through the hidden curriculum in students' teaching programs. The aim of this study was to explore the patient education through the hidden curriculum in the perspectives of nursing and midwifery students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative, content analysis study was performed and twenty nursing and midwifery students were interviewed...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
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