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Biomaterials Science

Chunying Shi, Wei Chen, Bing Chen, Tao Shan, Weisheng Jia, Xianglin Hou, Longkun Li, Gang Ye, Jianwu Dai
Bladder reconstruction remains challenging for urological surgery due to lack of suitable regenerative scaffolds. In a previous study, we had used a collagen-binding basic fibroblast growth factor (CBD-bFGF) to bind bFGF to the collagen scaffold, which could promote bladder regeneration in rats. However, the limited graft size in rodent models cannot provide enough evidence to demonstrate the repair capabilities of this method for severely damaged bladders in humans or large animals. In this study, the CBD-bFGF was used to activate a bladder acellular matrix (BAM) scaffold, and the CBD-bFGF/BAM functional scaffold was assessed in a canine model with a large segment defect (half of the entire bladder was resected)...
October 19, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Xiaoying Xu, Lingzhou Zhao, Xin Li, Peng Wang, Jinhua Zhao, Xiangyang Shi, Mingwu Shen
Multifunctional low-generation dendrimer-entrapped gold nanoparticles (Au DENPs) were designed and synthesized. The formed Au DENPs modified with an arginine-glycine-aspartic peptide and labeled with (99m)Tc possess a uniform size distribution, desirable colloidal stability and biocompatibility, and can be used as a promising nanoprobe for targeted SPECT/CT imaging of αvβ3 integrin-expressing tumors.
October 17, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Mathias Dimde, Falko Neumann, Felix Reisbeck, Svenja Ehrmann, Jose Luis Cuellar-Camacho, Dirk Steinhilber, Nan Ma, Rainer Haag
In the present study, a pH sensitive nanogel platform for gene delivery was developed. The cationic nanogels based on dendritic polyglycerol (dPG) and low molecular weight polyethylenimine units were able to encapsulate siRNA during the manufacturing process. The thiol-Michael nanoprecipitation method, which operates under mild conditions and did not require any catalyst or surfactant, was used to develop tailor-made nanogels in the sub-100 nm range. The incorporation of pH sensitive benzacetal-bonds inside the nanogel network enables the controlled intracellular release of the cargo...
October 16, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Dan Li, Pengfei Lv, Linfeng Fan, Yaoyi Huang, Fei Yang, Xifan Mei, Decheng Wu
Implant-associated infections in orthopaedic surgeries are very critical as they may hinder bone healing, cause implant failure and even progress to osteomyelitis. Drug-eluting implants for local delivery of antibiotics at surgical sites are thought to be promising in preventing infections. Herein, the antibiotic vancomycin was encapsulated in a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-based hydrogel film that was covalently bound to Ti implants and subsequently covered by a PEG-poly(lactic-co-caprolactone) (PEG-PLC) membrane...
October 16, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Mengyue Hu, Jing Chen, Jingmin Wang, Ye Zhang, Li Liu, Paulo Cesar Morais, Hong Bi
We report on a novel Cu(2+)-complex of nitrogen-rich polymer dots for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The N-rich polymer dots are prepared from N-vinyl imidazole (VIm) by a one-pot hydrothermal synthesis at 220 °C (24 h) and used later on to fabricate a Cu(2+)-PVIm dot complex via efficient incorporation of Cu(2+) into aqueous medium. The obtained Cu(2+)-PVIm dot complexes display relaxivity (r1 = 1.05 mM(-1) s(-1)) two times higher than Cu(2+) in aqueous solution (r1 = 0.43 mM(-1) s(-1)) and three times higher than Cu(2+) in aqueous solution coordinated with VIm monomers (r1 = 0...
October 13, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Jun Zhang, Ching-An Peng
A thermo-responsive surface was fabricated by depositing poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) onto polydopamine coated cell culture substrata through free radical polymerization for the purpose of culturing and harvesting human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Human MSCs were cultured onto the PNIPAAm-g-polydopamine coated surface and harvested by changing from physiological to ambient temperature. The produced PNIPAAm-g-polydopamine surface was characterized by atomic force microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, water contact angle measurement, differential scanning calorimetry, and cell culture studies...
October 12, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Hen Moshe, Yuval Davizon, Maya Menaker Raskin, Alejandro Sosnik
In this work, we report a new type of poly(vinyl alcohol)-g-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PVA-g-PNiPAAm) amphiphilic nanogel produced by the non-covalent crosslinking of PVA polyol domains in preformed polymeric micelles with boric acid. The nanomaterials showed sizes in the 100-250 nm range (DLS) and a spherical morphology (HR-SEM). We demonstrated that the size of the polymeric micelles could be fine-tuned by changing the concentration (and the aggregation pattern) of the polymeric amphiphile in water. Upon crosslinking, the polymeric micelles turned into physically stable amphiphilic nanogels that displayed both size and size distribution similar to the micellar precursor for up to two weeks, even under disfavored conditions of concentration and temperature that, in the case of non-crosslinked counterparts, resulted in quick disassembly...
October 11, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Xiao Yang, Wen Liu, Na Li, Mingshan Wang, Bin Liang, Ihsan Ullah, Agnaldo Luis Neve, Yakai Feng, Hao Chen, Changcan Shi
The formation of stable blood clots or hemostasis is essential to prevent major blood loss and death from excessive bleeding. However, the body's own coagulation process is not able to accomplish timely hemostasis without the assistance of hemostatic agents. For developing novel topical hemostatic agents, tissue adhesives and sealants, it is necessary to understand the coagulation process and the hemostasis mechanism of different materials. Among hemostatic materials, polysaccharides are naturally derived polymers having excellent biodegradable and biocompatible properties...
October 11, 2017: Biomaterials Science
V H Giang Phan, Thavasyappan Thambi, Bong Sup Kim, Dai Phu Huynh, Doo Sung Lee
Stimuli-responsive hydrogels, known as smart hydrogels, are three-dimensional amphiphilic or hydrophilic polymer networks that are able to change their volume or phase, and other properties, including viscosity, structure, and dimension, in response to changes in pH, temperature, and magnetic or electric field. Highly swellable, dual-responsive bovine serum albumin (BSA)-based injectable hydrogels are prepared here by the chemical conjugation of pH- and temperature-responsive oligo(sulfamethazine acrylate-co-N-isopropylacrylamide) (oligo(SMA-co-NIPAM)) copolymers on the surface of BSA through carbodiimide-mediated chemistry...
October 11, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Jing Zhang, Jingchao Li, Xiuhui Wang, Naoki Kawazoe, Guoping Chen
Scaffolds have been explored as a useful carrier to deliver efficient photothermal conversion agents for localized photothermal therapy applications because they can confine the agents in designated regions. However, cell capture by porous structures cannot discriminate between cancer cells and normal cells. In this study, folic acid (FA) as a typical targeting ligand for cancer cells was introduced into the porous photothermal scaffolds. Poly-l-lysine was mixed with gelatin to increase the amino side groups for FA incorporation...
October 10, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Matthew R Arkenberg, Chien-Chi Lin
Stiffening of the extracellular matrix is a hallmark in cancer progression, embryonic development, and wound healing. To mimic this dynamic process, our work explored orthogonal enzymatic reactions capable of modulating the properties of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-peptide hydrogels. A hepta-mutant bacterial transpeptidase sortase A (SrtA7M) was used to ligate two PEG-peptide macromers (i.e., PEG-YLPRTG and NH2-GGGG-PEG) into a primary hydrogel network. The hydrogels were dynamically stiffened using mushroom tyrosinase (MT), which oxidized tyrosine residues into di-tyrosine and led to increased matrix stiffness...
October 9, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Haobo Han, Jiebing Yang, Yudi Wang, Wenqi Chen, Jiawen Chen, Yan Yang, Quanshun Li
The nucleobase analogue 2-amino-6-chloropurine was modified on the surface of polyamidoamine (PAMAM) to construct a derivative AP-PAMAM, and then it was used as a gene carrier for miR-23b delivery to achieve the anti-tumor effects. The carrier AP-PAMAM could condense miR-23b into stable nanoparticles with a particle size of 97.3 nm (N/P ratio of 50), which was favorable for the cellular uptake of nanoparticles. Compared with PAMAM, AP-PAMAM exhibited an obviously enhanced transfection efficiency through the transfection assay of plasmids pEGFP-N3 and pGL-3...
October 4, 2017: Biomaterials Science
W C Mak, B Magne, K Y Cheung, D Atanasova, M Griffith
Human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) are adult-source cells that have been extensively evaluated for cell-based therapies. hMSCs delivered by intravascular injection have been reported to accumulate at the sites of injury to promote tissue repair and can also be employed as vectors for the delivery of therapeutic genes. However, the full potential of hMSCs remains limited as the cells are lost after injection due to anoikis and the adverse pathologic environment. Encapsulation of cells has been proposed as a means of increasing cell viability...
October 3, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Jie Wu, Kunxi Zhang, Xi Yu, Jianxun Ding, Lei Cui, Jingbo Yin
The key barrier to the clinical application of tissue engineering scaffolds is the limitation of rapid and sufficient vascularization. Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs), especially multicellular aggregates, exhibited a promising angiogenic activity. Herein, we designed a series of poly(l-glutamic acid) (PLGA)-based hydrogels with tunable hydration to control the in situ formation of multicellular spheroids. Oligo(ethylene glycol)s (OEGs) were employed to regulate the hydration of hydrogels. The hydrogel cross-linked with ethylene glycol (OEG1) supported the most excellent adhesion and proliferation of human ASCs in vitro...
September 29, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Qianjun He
Gas therapy is an emerging and promising field, utilizing the unique therapeutic effects of several kinds of gases (NO, CO, H2S and H2) towards many major diseases, including cancer and cardiovascular diseases, and it is also facing challenges relating to enhancing gas therapy efficacy and avoiding gas poisoning risks. Here, we have proposed a new concept for precision gas therapy using a nanomedicine strategy to overcome the challenges. In this perspective, we have addressed a series of existing and potential solutions from the point of view of nanomedicine, and conveyed a collection of opinions about future expandable research into precision gas therapy...
September 22, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Sandip Sabale, Priyanka Kandesar, Vidhya Jadhav, Rachel Komorek, Radha Kishan Motkuri, Xiao-Ying Yu
In the last decade, magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), especially superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), have immensely promoted the advancement of diagnostics and theranostics in the biomedical field. The unique properties of the SPIONs-core and the functional gold (Au)-shell together (SPIONS/Au core/shell or CS) have a wide range of biomedical applications including, but not limited to, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), dual modality MRI/computed tomography (CT), photo-induced and magnetic fluid hyperthermia (MFH), drug delivery, biosensors, and bio-separation...
September 13, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Marya Ahmed
Cell penetrating peptides (CPPs), and protein transduction domains (PTDs) of viruses and other natural proteins serve as a template for the development of efficient peptide based gene delivery vectors. PTDs are sequences of acidic or basic amphipathic amino acids, with superior membrane trespassing efficacies. Gene delivery vectors derived from these natural, cationic and cationic amphipathic peptides, however, offer little flexibility in tailoring the physicochemical properties of single chain peptide based systems...
September 7, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Shengcai Yang, Zhaohui Tang, Dawei Zhang, Mingxiao Deng, Xuesi Chen
A pH and redox dual-sensitive biodegradable polysaccharide, succinic acid-decorated dextran-g-phenylalanine ethyl ester-g-cysteine ethyl ester (Dex-SA-l-Phe-l-Cys), was synthesized to load doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX·HCl). The DOX-loaded nanoparticles, which were prepared in aqueous solution and free of organic solvent, could spontaneously self-assemble into uniform sizes. When loading DOX·HCl, mercapto Dex-SA-l-Phe-l-Cys was oxidized into a crosslinked disulfide linkage to form pH and redox dual-sensitive nanoparticles (DOX-S-NPs)...
September 26, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Yu Chen, Qi Gu, Zhilian Yue, Jeremy M Crook, Simon E Moulton, Mark J Cook, Gordon G Wallace
Despite significant progress in developing new drugs for seizure control, epilepsy still affects 1% of the global population and is drug-resistant in more than 30% of cases. To improve the therapeutic efficacy of epilepsy medication, a promising approach is to deliver anti-epilepsy drugs directly to affected brain areas using local drug delivery systems. The drug delivery systems must meet a number of criteria, including high drug loading efficiency, biodegradability, neuro-cytocompatibility and predictable drug release profiles...
September 26, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Shuping Wang, Shui Guan, Jianqiang Xu, Wenfang Li, Dan Ge, Changkai Sun, Tianqing Liu, Xuehu Ma
Engineering scaffolds with excellent electro-activity is increasingly important in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Herein, conductive poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) doped with hyaluronic acid (PEDOT-HA) nanoparticles were firstly synthesized via chemical oxidant polymerization. A three-dimensional (3D) PEDOT-HA/Cs/Gel scaffold was then developed by introducing PEDOT-HA nanoparticles into a chitosan/gelatin (Cs/Gel) matrix. HA, as a bridge, not only was used as a dopant, but also combined PEDOT into the Cs/Gel via chemical crosslinking...
September 26, 2017: Biomaterials Science
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