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Clinical Nutrition Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713623/nutrition-intervention-through-interdisciplinary-medical-treatment-in-hospice-patients-from-admission-to-death
#1
Hyelim Kang, Yu Jin Yang, Juyeon Park, Gyu Jin Heo, Jeong-Im Hong, Hye-Jin Kim
The demand for hospice services as well as for 'well-dying' of terminal patients is increasing as patient financial burden is decreasing due to National Health Insurance coverage for hospice care. Hospice institutions utilize interdisciplinary teams comprising doctors, nurses, dietitians, and other health staffs to provide comprehensive patient management. This report examined the nutritional status of a hospice patient from admission to death as well as the nutrition management of this patient in the hospice ward through nutrition interventions performed by a dietitian in the interdisciplinary team...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713622/nutritional-care-in-iranian-intensive-care-units
#2
Maryam Shabanpur, Seyed Mostafa Nachvak, Shima Moradi, Safora Hedayati, Mahboobe Hosseinikia, Yahya Pasdar, Shahrbanoo Gholizadeh, Mehnoosh Samadi
Intensive care units (ICUs) provides intensive treatment medicine to avoid complications such as malnutrition, infection and even death. As very little is currently known about the nutritional practices in Iranian ICUs, this study attempted to assess the various aspects of current nutrition support practices in Iranian ICUs. We conducted a cross-sectional study on 150 critically ill patients at 18 ICUs in 12 hospitals located in 2 provinces of Iran from February 2015 to March 2016. Data were collected through interview with supervisors of ICUs, medical record reviews and direct observation of patients during feeding...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713621/hypouricemic-effect-of-ethanol-extract-of-aster-glehni-leaves-in-potassium-oxonate-induced-hyperuricemic-rats
#3
Ji-Eun Park, Zia Yeom, Keun-Tae Park, Eun Hye Han, Heui Jong Yu, Hyo Seok Kang, Young-Hee Lim
The prevalence of gout is increasing worldwide, and control of serum uric acid level has been regarded as one of the therapeutic methods for gout. Inhibition of xanthine oxidase (XO) activity which can oxidize hypoxanthine to uric acid has been commonly proposed to decrease serum uric acid level. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the hypouricemic effect of ethanol extract of Aster glehni leaves (EAG) by in vitro and in vivo study in potassium oxonate (PO)-induced hyperuricemic rats. EAG possessed 132...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713620/the-effect-of-pycnogenol-supplementation-on-plasma-c-reactive-protein-concentration-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Omid Nikpayam, Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Makan Pourmasoumi, Neda Roshanravan, Ehsan Ghaedi, Hamed Mohammadi
Pycnogenol is a standardized extract from the bark of the French maritime pine. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to clarify the effect of Pycnogenol supplementation on C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration. To identify eligible studies in order to find clinical trials which examined the effect of Pycnogenol supplementation on the level of CRP in adult participants, PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar were systematically searched until December 2017. Mean of CRP was collected to estimate the effect size of the supplementation...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713619/low-handgrip-strength-is-not-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-hyperglycemia-a-population-based-study
#5
Bruna M Giglio, João F Mota, Benjamin T Wall, Gustavo Duarte Pimentel
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is commonly linked to muscle weakness and metabolic abnormalities which increase healthcare costs. The study was undertaken to investigate if low handgrip strength, as a marker of muscle weakness, is associated with hyperglycemia and/or DM in Brazilian subjects. In a cross-sectional design, 415 individuals of both sexes (46.7% male) were interviewed by a questionnaire and the DM diagnostic was self-reported. Anthropometric measurements, such as weight, height, body mass index (BMI), arm circumference, mid-arm and calf circumference and handgrip strength, were obtained by trained nutritionists...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713618/relationship-between-nutrition-intake-and-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-korean-adults-30-65-years-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2013-2014
#6
Jihye Ryu, So Ra Yoon, Won Suk An, Oh Yoen Kim
This study aimed to examine the relationship between nutrition intake and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) indicating kidney function in Korean individuals without diabetes or cardiovascular disease. Study participants from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2014 (n = 4,378, 30-65 years) were classified by their eGFR levels (mL/min/1.732 m2 ): ≥ 120 (n = 299), 119-105 (n = 789), 104-90 (n = 1,578), 89-60 (n = 1,685), < 60 (n = 27). After adjusted for confounding factors (age, sex, cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, total caloric intake [TCI], income status, education level, body mass index, and physical activity), blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, fasting glucose, and glycated hemoglobin were higher, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were lower in participants with lower eGFR levels than those with higher eGFR levels...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713617/community-based-policies-and-support-for-free-drinking-water-access-in-outdoor-areas-and-building-standards-in-u-s-municipalities
#7
Sohyun Park, Stephen Onufrak, Cara Wilking, Angie Cradock
We examined community-level characteristics associated with free drinking water access policies in U.S. municipalities using data from a nationally representative survey of city managers/officials from 2,029 local governments in 2014. Outcomes were 4 free drinking water access policies. Explanatory measures were population size, rural/urban status, census region, poverty prevalence, education, and racial/ethnic composition. We used multivariable logistic regression to test differences and presented only significant findings...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713616/energy-requirements-in-critically-ill-patients
#8
REVIEW
Didace Ndahimana, Eun-Kyung Kim
During the management of critical illness, optimal nutritional support is an important key for achieving positive clinical outcomes. Compared to healthy people, critically ill patients have higher energy expenditure, thereby their energy requirements and risk of malnutrition being increased. Assessing individual nutritional requirement is essential for a successful nutritional support, including the adequate energy supply. Methods to assess energy requirements include indirect calorimetry (IC) which is considered as a reference method, and the predictive equations which are commonly used due to the difficulty of using IC in certain conditions...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423391/a-nutrition-intervention-focused-on-weight-management-through-lifestyle-improvements-in-prediabetic-subjects
#9
Seokyung Park, Mi-Hye Woo, Hyun Jung Lim, Suk Chon, Jeong-Taek Woo
We reported the cases in order to evaluate the effects of individualized nutrition interventions for enhancing self-management abilities of prediabetic subjects. We conducted four nutrition interventions for weight control in two subjects with high-risk of type 2 diabetes. The first subject was a 53-year-old housewife, and the second subject was a 46-year-old male office worker. The subjects visited the medical center 4 times during the study period, and the lifestyle interventions were advised by a clinical team comprised physicians, clinical dietitians, and nurses...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423390/dual-effects-of-high-protein-diet-on-mouse-skin-and-colonic-inflammation
#10
Xuelei Cui, Eunjung Kim
Chronic inflammation is a major etiology of cancer. Accumulating epidemiological and experimental evidences suggest that intake of high protein diet (HPD) is associated with colitis-associated colon cancer, however, most of the studies were confined in colon. Systemic influence of HPD on inflammation indices in different tissues of an organism has never been studied. We therefore investigated the effect of HPD on mouse skin and colonic inflammation using the well characterized inflammation induction protocol in both tissues (12- O -tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate [TPA] for skin and dextran sodium sulfate [DSS] for colon)...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423389/food-elimination-diet-and-nutritional-deficiency-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Hee-Sook Lim, Soon-Kyung Kim, Su-Jin Hong
Certain types of foods are common trigger for bowel symptoms such as abdominal discomfort or pain in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). But indiscriminate food exclusions from their diet can lead extensive nutritional deficiencies. The aim of this study was to investigate nutritional status, food restriction and nutrient intake status in IBD patients. A total 104 patients (food exclusion group: n = 49; food non-exclusion group: n = 55) participated in the survey. The contents were examined by 3 categories: 1) anthropometric and nutritional status; 2) diet beliefs and food restriction; and 3) nutrient intake...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423388/dietary-intake-of-thiamine-in-migraine-patients-and-healthy-subjects-a-case-control-study
#12
Hossein Faraji, Zamzam Paknahad, Ahmad Chitsaz
The migraine headache is a disease related to the neurovascular system, which affects 10%-20% of people, worldwide. Recent evidences suggested a relation between thiamine status and migraine headaches. The current study was undertaken to assess dietary intake of the thiamine in migraine patients and to evaluate its association with the frequency of migraine attacks. In a case-control design, the current study was performed on 50 migraine patients and 50 healthy people, 20-60 years old in Isfahan, Iran, in 2017...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423387/the-effect-of-soluble-fiber-supplementation-on-metabolic-syndrome-profile-among-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-patients
#13
Ayman S Abutair, Ihab A Naser, Amin T Hamed
Diets with high fiber content improve most metabolic syndrome (MetS) profile in non-diabetic individuals, but there is scarce information about the role of fiber intake in patients with the MetS and diabetes. The objective of this study is to determine whether soluble fiber supplementation improve MetS profile for 8 weeks of intervention in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2D) adult patients. After one week of dietary stabilization phase, 36 newly diagnosed T2D patients were stratified to different strata according to sex, age, fasting blood sugar (FBS), and waist circumference (WC)...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423386/erythrocyte-membrane-unsaturated-mono-and-poly-fatty-acids-profile-in-newly-diagnosed-basal-cell-carcinoma-patients
#14
Fatemeh Rahrovani, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht, Ehsan Ghaedi, Hamed Mohammadi, Amir-Hooshang Ehsani, Ali Esrafili, Mahmoud Djalali
Studies have reported different changes in the fatty acid composition of red blood cell (RBC) total lipids in patients with various types of cancer. It has been indicated that n-3/n-6 ratio plays a key role in the general consequence of skin photocarcinogenesis. However, to our knowledge there was no study examining the unsaturated fatty acid profile in basal cell carcinoma (BCC) patients. So, we explore the fatty acid composition of RBCs in newly diagnosed BCC patients in a hospital-based case-control study...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423385/association-of-the-anxiety-depression-with-nutrition-intake-in-stroke-patients
#15
Yoonji Kim, Myung-Chul Kim, Hang-Sik Park, Il-Hoon Cho, Jean Kyung Paik
Stroke patients often experience a walking dysfunction caused by decreased mobility, weakened muscular strength, abnormal posture control, and cognitive dysfunction. Anxiety/depression is the most important and prevalent neuropsychiatric complication of stroke survivors. Brain injury and the presence of malnutrition after stroke contribute to metabolic status and clinical outcome of patients. We examined the level of nutrition intake in stroke patients according to their degree of anxiety/depression. The data were obtained from 2013 to 2015 through the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423384/perspectives-in-lipocalin-2-emerging-biomarker-for-medical-diagnosis-and-prognosis-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
REVIEW
Juhyun Song, Oh Yoen Kim
Lipocalin-2 (LCN2), a secreted glycoprotein belonging to the lipocalin superfamily was reported to participate in various biological processes including cell migration, cell survival, inflammatory responses, and insulin sensitivity. LCN2 is expressed in the multiple tissues such as kidney, liver, uterus, and bone marrow. The receptors for LCN2 were additionally found in microglia, astrocytes, epithelial cells, and neurons, but the role of LCN2 in the central nervous system (CNS) has not been fully understood yet...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124051/continuation-of-enteral-nutrition-and-relief-from-vomiting-by-administration-of-a-new-formula-a-case-report
#17
Tetsuro Akashi, Kazuhide Matsumoto, Risa Hashimoto
Gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) is a common and serious complication in patients receiving enteral nutrition, making continuation of enteral nutrition difficult. Semi-solid enteral nutrients were developed to prevent feeding-related GER. Semi-solid enteral nutrients have high viscosity and, therefore, are typically administered through a large-diameter percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube. Recently, a new formula (Mermed® , Mermed Plus® ) was introduced that uses alginate, which behaves like a gelatin in acidic conditions...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124050/association-between-healthy-eating-index-2010-and-fetuin-a-levels-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-case-control-study
#18
Farzad Roshanzamir, Maryam Miraghajani, Marjan Mansourian, Reza Ghiasvand, Seyyed Morteza Safavi
The Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) assesses compliance with the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Studies suggest that adherence to the HEI-2010 is related to lower the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Fetuin-A, a novel biomarker for T2D, may play a linking role in the inverse association between HEI-2010 and T2D. Thus, a case-control analysis involving 107 patients with T2D and107 healthy subjects was conducted to determine the association between HEI-2010 and serum fetuin-A levels. The results of simple regression analysis showed that fetuin-A levels were positively associated with full name of body mass index (BMI) (p < 0...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124049/effect-of-personalized-nutritional-counseling-on-the-nutritional-status-of-hemodialysis-patients
#19
In-Young Jo, Woo Jeong Kim, Hyeong Cheon Park, Hoon Young Choi, Jung Eun Lee, Song Mi Lee
This study set out to evaluate the impact of personalized nutritional counseling (PNC) on the nutritional status of hemodialysis (HD) patients. This was an intervention study for 10 months at 2 hospitals. Anthropometric, biochemical, dietary, and body composition parameters were measured at baseline and after 3 and 6 months of PNC. A total of 42 patients (23 men and 19 women) were included. Intake of dietary protein, serum albumin, and cholesterol levels had increased significantly from baseline to month 6 (p < 0...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124048/breastfeeding-for-one-month-or-longer-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-osteoarthritis-in-older-adults-nhanes-1999-2012
#20
Clara Yongjoo Park
Breastfeeding is associated with many health benefits to the mother but the association between osteoarthritis (OA) is not known. Menopause, a state of rapid estrogen loss, is associated with OA. To test whether lactation, another physiological state of low estrogen status, is associated with OA, a nationally representative dataset National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2012 was analyzed. Information of OA diagnosis history and lactation for at least one month was self-reported by women 50 years and older that had given birth to at least one child...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
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