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Clinical Nutrition Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124051/continuation-of-enteral-nutrition-and-relief-from-vomiting-by-administration-of-a-new-formula-a-case-report
#1
Tetsuro Akashi, Kazuhide Matsumoto, Risa Hashimoto
Gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) is a common and serious complication in patients receiving enteral nutrition, making continuation of enteral nutrition difficult. Semi-solid enteral nutrients were developed to prevent feeding-related GER. Semi-solid enteral nutrients have high viscosity and, therefore, are typically administered through a large-diameter percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube. Recently, a new formula (Mermed(®), Mermed Plus(®)) was introduced that uses alginate, which behaves like a gelatin in acidic conditions...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124050/association-between-healthy-eating-index-2010-and-fetuin-a-levels-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-case-control-study
#2
Farzad Roshanzamir, Maryam Miraghajani, Marjan Mansourian, Reza Ghiasvand, Seyyed Morteza Safavi
The Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) assesses compliance with the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Studies suggest that adherence to the HEI-2010 is related to lower the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Fetuin-A, a novel biomarker for T2D, may play a linking role in the inverse association between HEI-2010 and T2D. Thus, a case-control analysis involving 107 patients with T2D and107 healthy subjects was conducted to determine the association between HEI-2010 and serum fetuin-A levels. The results of simple regression analysis showed that fetuin-A levels were positively associated with full name of body mass index (BMI) (p < 0...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124049/effect-of-personalized-nutritional-counseling-on-the-nutritional-status-of-hemodialysis-patients
#3
In-Young Jo, Woo Jeong Kim, Hyeong Cheon Park, Hoon Young Choi, Jung Eun Lee, Song Mi Lee
This study set out to evaluate the impact of personalized nutritional counseling (PNC) on the nutritional status of hemodialysis (HD) patients. This was an intervention study for 10 months at 2 hospitals. Anthropometric, biochemical, dietary, and body composition parameters were measured at baseline and after 3 and 6 months of PNC. A total of 42 patients (23 men and 19 women) were included. Intake of dietary protein, serum albumin, and cholesterol levels had increased significantly from baseline to month 6 (p < 0...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124048/breastfeeding-for-one-month-or-longer-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-osteoarthritis-in-older-adults-nhanes-1999-2012
#4
Clara Yongjoo Park
Breastfeeding is associated with many health benefits to the mother but the association between osteoarthritis (OA) is not known. Menopause, a state of rapid estrogen loss, is associated with OA. To test whether lactation, another physiological state of low estrogen status, is associated with OA, a nationally representative dataset National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2012 was analyzed. Information of OA diagnosis history and lactation for at least one month was self-reported by women 50 years and older that had given birth to at least one child...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124047/adiponectin-concentration-in-gestational-diabetic-women-a-case-control-study
#5
Tanin Mohammadi, Zamzam Paknahad
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an impaired fasting glucose condition during pregnancy. Adiponectin is a polypeptide hormone that is extensively released by adipocytes which regulates energy homeostasis and carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. In addition, adiponectin has antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of our research was to study about the relationship of adiponectin levels to GDM and glucose intolerance. We selected 25 GDM women and 35 healthy pregnant subjects (18-46 years) who were screened between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation based on the result of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124046/the-analysis-of-a-diet-for-the-human-being-and-the-companion-animal-using-big-data-in-2016
#6
Eun-Jin Jung, Young-Suk Kim, Jung-Wa Choi, Hye Won Kang, Un-Jae Chang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the diet tendencies of human and companion animals using big data analysis. The keyword data of human diet and companion animals' diet were collected from the portal site Naver from January 1, 2016 until December 31, 2016 and collected data were analyzed by simple frequency analysis, N-gram analysis, keyword network analysis and seasonality analysis. In terms of human, the word exercise had the highest frequency through simple frequency analysis, whereas diet menu most frequently appeared in the N-gram analysis...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124045/dietary-diversity-score-and-its-related-factors-among-employees-of-kermanshah-university-of-medical-sciences
#7
Seyed Mostafa Nachvak, Hadi Abdollahzad, Roghayeh Mostafai, Shima Moradi, Yahya Pasdar, Mansour Rezaei, Soudabeh Esksndari
Dietary diversity score (DDS) is known as an indicator of food quality. Dietary diversity can promote health status. The aim of this study was determined DDS and its related factors in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS) employees. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 190 employees of KUMS in 2015. According to the population of KUMS centers which were selected randomly (Paramedical, Public Health faculties, Imam Reza Hospital and province health center), subjects were selected by convenience sampling method...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124044/index-based-dietary-patterns-and-the-risk-of-prostate-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Ji Hyun Kim, Jeongseon Kim
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause for cancer incidence in male. Although this high incidence is due to prostate specific antigen screening, other risk-factors, such as diet, might also be involved. The results of previous studies on the association between prostate cancer risk and individual dietary components have been conflicting. Thus, evaluation by dietary pattern analysis rather than individual dietary factors is suggested. The purpose of this study was to review the association of prostate cancer with a priori dietary indices, which are less studied and reviewed to date compared to a posteriori indices...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770185/intensive-nutrition-management-in-a-patient-with-short-bowel-syndrome-who-underwent-bariatric-surgery
#9
MeeRa Kweon, Dal Lae Ju, Misun Park, JiHyeong Choe, Yun-Suhk Suh, Eun-Mi Seol, Hyuk-Joon Lee
Many individuals with short bowel syndrome (SBS) require long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) to maintain adequate nutritional status. Herein, we report a successful intestinal adaptation of a patient with SBS through 13 times intensive nutritional support team (NST) managements. A thirty-five-year-old woman who could not eat due to intestinal discontinuity visited Seoul National University Hospital for reconstruction of the bowel. She received laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) due to morbid obesity in Jan 2013 at a certain hospital and successfully reduced her weight from 110 kg to 68 kg...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770184/short-term-effect-of-convenience-meal-intake-on-glycemic-response-and-satiety-among-healthy-college-students-in-south-korea
#10
Eunji Jang, Jeunghyun Lee, Sukyeong Lee, Mi-Hyun Kim
This study examined the effect of convenience meals purchased at convenience stores on glycemic response and satiety in healthy college students. A total of 9 non-obese volunteers (4 males and 5 females) aged 20 to 24 years participated in this study. On 3 separate days, participants consumed a standard diet (cooked rice and side dishes), type 1 convenience meal (kimbap and instant ramen), and type 2 convenience meal (sweet bread and flavored milk). Capillary blood-glucose response and satiety were measured every 30 minutes for 2 hours after consuming the 3 different test meals...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770183/antidiabetic-effects-of-gastric-banding-surgery-in-morbidly-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Yu-Jeng Kim, Ha-Neul Choi, Hong-Chan Lee, Jung-Eun Yim
This study was performed to investigate the effect of gastric banding surgery on the improvement of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) of morbidly obese (MO) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with the consideration that obesity was associated with insulin resistance and T2DM. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 38 MO with T2DM patients and 50 MO patients. Pre-surgery and post-surgery data were analyzed a year later. The medical data from these patients, including sex, age, height, weight, body composition, HbA1c, triglyceride, total cholesterol, aspartate transaminase (AST), and alanine transaminase (ALT) were measured...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770182/effects-of-vitamin-c-supplementation-on-plasma-and-urinary-vitamin-c-concentration-in-korean-women
#12
Jayoung Choi, Do-Yeon Kim, Ryowon Choue, Hyunjung Lim
Although vitamin C supplements were consumed for health maintenance and fatigue recovery, the effects of high doses of vitamin C supplement remains controversial. Our study performed the effects of 100 mg and 2,000 mg vitamin C supplements on plasma and urinary vitamin C concentration in Korean women. Twenty-four women completed the 4 weeks intervention. Anthropometric data, plasma and urinary vitamin C concentrations, superoxide dismutase activity, thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) level, and fatigue severity scale (FSS) were collected, and the statistical analyses compared between- and within-group findings at pre- and post-intervention...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770181/effect-on-12-week-intensive-dietary-and-exercise-program-on-weight-reduction-and-maintenance-in-obese-women-with-weight-cycling-history
#13
Ha Nui Kwon, Sang-Seok Nam, Yoo Kyoung Park
This study examined the effect of 12-week intensive dietary and exercise intervention program on body composition and stress-related hormones in obese women and to examine the residual effect after the intervention. The participants of this study were 30 obese women who had a body mass index of over 25 kg/m(2) and over 30% in body fat. They were classified into 2 groups depending on the history of weight cycling (WC); the WC group (≥ ±5% of the original body weight) and the non-weight cycling (NWC) group...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770180/the-association-between-food-group-consumption-patterns-and-early-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-non-diabetic-healthy-people
#14
Rimkyo Yeo, So Ra Yoon, Oh Yoen Kim
We investigated the association between dietary habits/food group consumption patterns and early risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS), a main cause for metabolic disease. Study participants were recruited from the health promotion center in Dong-A University Hospital and public advertisement. Study subjects (n = 243, 21-80 years) were categorized into three groups: Super-healthy (MetS risk factor [MetS RF] = 0, n = 111), MetS-risk carriers (MetS RF = 1-2, n = 96), and MetS (MetS RF ≥ 3, n = 27). Higher regularity in dietary habits (breakfast-everyday, regular eating time, non-frequent overeating, and non-frequent eating-out) was observed in the Super-healthy group than in the MetS-risk carriers, and particularly in the MetS subjects...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770179/risk-factors-for-breast-cancer-in-gaza-strip-palestine-a-case-control-study
#15
Mueen Kariri, Marwan O Jalambo, Basil Kanou, Saleh Deqes, Samaher Younis, Baker Zabut, Usama Balawi
Breast cancer (BC) is the main common cause of cancer mortality among women in the world. This study aims at investigating BC epidemiology and identifying the different risk factors associated and the most affecting ones among women in the Gaza Strip, Palestine. This study was a hospital-based case-control (1:2), as the study was carried out over the period of October 2014 to February 2015. A total of 105 BC patients, chosen from Al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza City and European hospital for the south governorate, were the case and compared to 209 women as a control group who matched the cases in age, residence, and with no history of breast problems...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770178/chemopreventive-and-chemotherapeutic-effects-of-fish-oil-derived-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-colon-carcinogenesis
#16
REVIEW
Ja Young Lee, Tae-Bu Sim, Jeong-Eun Lee, Hye-Kyung Na
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cause of cancer related death in the world. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that there is an association between consumption of dietary fat and colon cancer risk. Not only the amount but also the type and the ratio of fatty acids comprising dietary fats consumed have been implicated in the etiology and pathogenesis of colon cancer. Omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), have been known to inhibit development of colon cancer by downregulating the expression of genes involved in colon carcinogenesis and also by altering the membrane lipid composition...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503511/erratum-dietary-antioxidant-capacity-and-its-association-with-preeclampsia
#17
Mahdiyeh Sheikhi, Elham Sharifi-Zahabi, Zamzam Paknahad
[This corrects the article on p. 47 in vol. 6, PMID: 28168181.].
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503510/a-case-report-of-the-nutrition-support-for-a-patient-with-hellp-syndrome
#18
Seo Eun Yeon, Sun Jung Kim, Ju Hee Kim, Hae-Yun Chung, Se Hee Na, Song Mi Lee
A 30-year-old female patient, 18 weeks gestational age, with no prior medical history was admitted to hospital complaining severe right upper quadrant pain. The patient was admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) after emergency surgery to treat intraperitoneal hemorrhage caused by rupture of liver hematoma. Despite the absence of high blood pressure, the patient was diagnosed with hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome on the basis of abnormal levels of blood aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, C-reactive protein (CRP) and platelet along with liver damage and proteinuria...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503509/nicotinamide-reduces-amyloid-precursor-protein-and-presenilin-1-in-brain-tissues-of-amyloid-beta-tail-vein-injected-mice
#19
Eun Jin Kim, Soo Jin Yang
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether nicotinic acid (NA) and nicotinamide (NAM) reduce the Alzheimer disease (AD)-related gene expression in brain tissues of amyloid beta (Aβ)-injected mice. Male Crj:CD1 (ICR) mice were divided into 6 treatment groups; 1) control, 2) Aβ control, 3) Aβ + NA 20 mg/kg/day (NA20), 4) Aβ + NA40, 5) Aβ + NAM 200 mg/kg/day (NAM200), and 6) Aβ + NAM400. After 1-week acclimation period, the mice orally received NA or NAM once a day for a total of 7 successive days...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503508/carbohydrate-composition-associated-with-the-2-year-incidence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adults
#20
Nam H Cho, Ara K Cho, Hyun Kyu Kim, Jong Bae Kim, Kyung Eun Lee, Sung Soo Kim, Yeon-Jung Kim, Hak C Jang, Inkyung Baik
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between macronutrient composition and metabolic syndrome (MetS) incidence in Korean adults. Data were obtained from a cohort of 10,030 members aged 40 to 69 years who were enrolled from the 2 cities (Ansung and Ansan) between 2001 and 2002 to participate in the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study. Of these members, 5,565 participants, who were free of MetS and reported no diagnosis of cardiovascular disease at baseline, were included in this study. MetS was defined using the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III and Asia-Pacific criteria for waist circumference...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
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