journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756831/frequency-and-implications-of-ofloxacin-resistance-among-previously-treated-tuberculosis-patients
#1
LETTER
Jyoti Arora, Gavish Kumar, Ajoy Kumar Verma, Manpreet Bhalla, Ritu Singhal, Rohit Sarin, Vithal Prasad Myneedu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756830/predictors-of-past-quit-attempts-and-duration-of-abstinence-among-cigarette-smokers
#2
N Layoun, S Hallit, M Waked, Z Aoun Bacha, I Godin, A Leveque, M Dramaix, P Salameh
OBJECTIVE: Despite the widespread awareness of the harms of smoking, millions continue to smoke around the world partly due to the difficulty it takes to quit smoking. Identifying the factors associated with making quit attempts is an essential pillar to reach successful quitting. The purpose of this study is to assess the factors associated with the past quit attempts and their past length of abstinence in a Lebanese sample of cigarette smokers. METHODS: This study was conducted between March 2014 and March 2015, involving 382 patients randomly chosen from 5 outpatient clinics in 5 hospitals in Lebanon...
September 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756829/occupational-stress-anxiety-and-depression-among-egyptian-teachers
#3
Dalia Desouky, Heba Allam
Occupational stress (OS) among teachers predispose to depression and anxiety. No study was done to assess these problems among Egyptian teachers. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of OS, depression and anxiety among Egyptian teachers. A cross sectional study was done on 568 Egyptian teachers. The respondents filled a questionnaire on personal data, and the Arabic version of the Occupational Stress Index (OSI), the Arabic validated versions of Taylor manifest anxiety scale and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were used to assess OS, anxiety and depression respectively...
September 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756828/is-google-trends-a-reliable-tool-for-digital-epidemiology-insights-from-different-clinical-settings
#4
Gianfranco Cervellin, Ivan Comelli, Giuseppe Lippi
Internet-derived information has been recently recognized as a valuable tool for epidemiological investigation. Google Trends, a Google Inc. portal, generates data on geographical and temporal patterns according to specified keywords. The aim of this study was to compare the reliability of Google Trends in different clinical settings, for both common diseases with lower media coverage, and for less common diseases attracting major media coverage. We carried out a search in Google Trends using the keywords "renal colic", "epistaxis", and "mushroom poisoning", selected on the basis of available and reliable epidemiological data...
September 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756827/ground-water-as-the-source-of-an-outbreak-of-salmonella-enteritidis
#5
Ana Kovačić, Željko Huljev, Edita Sušić
In September 2014, an outbreak of gastroenteritis was reported to the Public Health Institute of Šibenik and Knin County in Croatia. The outbreak occurred in the County center of Šibenik, a town with 50,000 inhabitants, and it lasted for 12days. An epidemiological investigation suggested a nearby water spring as the source of the outbreak. Due to the temporary closure of the public water supply system, the inhabitants started to use untreated water from a nearby spring. Microbiological analysis revealed that the outbreak was caused by Salmonella enterica subsp...
September 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756826/frequency-of-multi-drug-resistance-and-mutations-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-from-punjab-state-of-india
#6
Ritu Singhal, Jyoti Arora, Grish C Sah, Manpreet Bhalla, Rohit Sarin, Vithal Prasad Myneedu
Data regarding prevalence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and associated common mutations is scarce from Punjab region. The study was designed to determine rate of MDR-TB among presumptive MDR-TB from Punjab and mutation patterns using GenoType MTBDRplus assay. Total of 812 consecutive sputum samples were received from January 2012 to July 2013, from 14 districts of Punjab at the National Reference Laboratory at New Delhi for diagnosis of MDR-TB as hand holding activity. Presumptive MDR-TB patients were identified on basis of criterion B defined by the programme...
September 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756825/the-prevalence-and-association-of-stress-with-sleep-quality-among-medical-students
#7
Abdullah I Almojali, Sami A Almalki, Ali S Alothman, Emad M Masuadi, Meshal K Alaqeel
INTRODUCTION: Medical students tend to reduce their sleep, in an effort to adjust and cope with their workload and stressful environment. This study estimated the prevalence of and the relationship between poor sleep quality and stress among medical students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted using a stratified random sample of male and female medical students in King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to assess sleep quality using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the stress level by using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale...
September 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756824/trends-in-lung-cancer-incidence-in-lebanon-by-gender-and-histological-type-over-the-period-2005-2008
#8
Sally Temraz, Maya Charafeddine, Deborah Mukherji, Ali Shamseddine
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer incidence rates, overall and by histologic subtypes, vary substantially by gender and smoking. This study's aim was to review data regarding trends in the number of cases of different lung-cancer histologies and relate these to smoking habits by gender in Lebanon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lung cancer data using ICD-O, 3rd edition, from the Lebanese National Cancer Registry from 2005 to 2008 were stratified by gender for histology type for patients aged over 18years...
September 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756823/determination-of-carbapenem-resistance-mechanism-in-clinical-isolates-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolated-from-burn-patients-in-tehran-iran
#9
Akbar Mirsalehian, Davood Kalantar-Neyestanaki, Morovat Taherikalani, Fereshteh Jabalameli, Mohammad Emaneini
Carbapenems are the most important therapeutic options that effect against serious infections caused by multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MDR-PA) isolates. Carbapenems resistant isolates of P. aeruginosa are increasing worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the carbapenem resistance mechanisms in clinical P. aeruginosa isolates from burn patients, in Tehran, Iran. A total of 53 non-duplicated isolates of carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa were collected from burn patients. The presence of carbapenemase genes were determined by PCR...
September 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756822/exposure-to-toxics-during-pregnancy-and-childhood-and-asthma-in-children-a-pilot-study
#10
Souheil Hallit, Pascale Salameh
Environmental factors, pesticides, alcohol and smoking are linked to asthma in children. The association of toxic substances exposure with asthma has not been evaluated. Our objective is to assess such associations among children aged less than 16years old. This is a cross-sectional study, conducted between January and May 2015, using a sample of Lebanese students from private schools in Beirut and Mount Lebanon. Out of 700 distributed questionnaires, 527 (75.2%) were returned to us. Verbal informed consent was also obtained from all parents prior to participating in the study...
September 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413105/investigation-of-omnigene%C3%A2-sputum-performance-in-delayed-tuberculosis-testing-by-smear-culture-and-xpert-mtb-rif-assays-in-uganda
#11
C D Kelly-Cirino, E Musisi, P Byanyima, S Kaswabuli, A Andama, A Sessolo, I Sanyu, J Zawedde, P S Curry, L Huang
OMNIgene·SPUTUM (OM-S) is a sample transport reagent designed to work with all tuberculosis diagnostics while eliminating the need for cold chain. OM-S-treated sputum samples were assayed in several tests after multiday holds. Raw sputa from 100 patients underwent direct smear microscopy, were manually split and assigned to the OM-S group [OM-S added at collection (no other processing required) and tested after 0- to 5-day holds at room temperature] or standard-of-care (SOC) group (NaOH/N-acetyl l-cysteine decontamination, all tested on day of collection)...
June 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315657/magnitude-and-determinants-of-adverse-treatment-outcomes-among-tuberculosis-patients-registered-under-revised-national-tuberculosis-control-program-in-a-tuberculosis-unit-wardha-central-india-a-record-based-cohort-study
#12
Anuj Mundra, Pradeep R Deshmukh, Ajay Dawale
INTRODUCTION: Deaths, defaults, relapses, and treatment failures have made the control of TB difficult across the globe. METHODOLOGY: This study is a record-based follow-up of a cohort of patients registered under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program in the year 2014 in Wardha Tuberculosis Unit, India. Data was collected from the records available at the District Tuberculosis Office. RESULTS: Data of 510 patients was analyzed. The sputum conversion rate was 88%...
June 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253475/sickle-cell-disease-in-saudi-arabia-a-challenge-or-not
#13
EDITORIAL
Maha Mohammed Alotaibi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215491/predictors-of-hepatitis-c-testing-intention-among-african-american-baby-boomers
#14
Mohamed Rashrash, Mary Maneno, Anthony Wutoh, Earl Ettienne, Monika Daftary
Baby Boomers (BBs) are responsible for three-quarters of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in the United States; however, HCV testing is distinctly underused by them. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence of HCV testing and to evaluate predictors of HCV testing intention among African-American BBs. The study was guided by the Health Belief Model and theory of reasoned action frameworks. Of the 137 participants included in the study, 44.8% had at least a college education; 13.9% received prior to 1992 blood transfusion...
June 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208052/new-tuberculosis-estimates-must-motivate-countries-to-act
#15
EDITORIAL
Madhukar Pai, Ziad A Memish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188122/drug-resistance-detection-and-mutation-patterns-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-strains-from-children-in-delhi
#16
Jyoti Arora, Ritu Singhal, Manpreet Bhalla, Ajoy Verma, Niti Singh, Digamber Behera, Rohit Sarin, Vithal Prasad Myneedu
A total of 312 sputum samples from pediatric patients presumptive of multidrug resistant tuberculosis were tested for the detection of drug resistance using the GenoTypeMTBDRplus assay. A total of 193 (61.8%) patients were smear positive and 119 (38.1%) were smear negative by Ziehl-Neelsen staining. Line probe assay (LPA) was performed for 208 samples/cultures (193 smear positive samples and 15 cultures from smear negative samples). Valid results were obtained from 198 tests. Of these, 125/198 (63.1%) were sensitive to both rifampicin (RIF) and isoniazid (INH)...
June 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188121/a-survey-of-hypertension-prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-in-health-screening-camps-of-rural-central-punjab-pakistan
#17
Salman T Shafi, Tahir Shafi
Hypertension is a global public health problem with increasing prevalence. There is limited updated information on the prevalence of hypertension in the Pakistani population. This is a cross-sectional study based on data collected during multiple health screening camps held at multiple locations in rural central Punjab, Pakistan in the period between 2008 and 2015. A total of 13,722 patients were included in this study. Crude prevalence of hypertension was 35.1% and age-standardized prevalence was 34.4%. Among patients with hypertension, 62...
June 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188120/suicide-rate-in-relation-to-the-human-development-index-and-other-health-related-factors-a-global-ecological-study-from-91-countries
#18
Salman Khazaei, Vajihe Armanmehr, Shahrzad Nematollahi, Shahab Rezaeian, Somayeh Khazaei
There has been no worldwide ecological study on suicide as a global major public health problem. This study aimed to identify the variations in suicide specific rates using the Human Development Index (HDI) and some health related variables among countries around the world. In this ecological study, we obtained the data from the World Bank Report 2013. The analysis was restricted to 91 countries for which both the epidemiologic data from the suicide rates and HDI were available. Overall, the global prevalence of suicide rate was 10...
June 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188119/incidence-and-economic-burden-of-acute-otitis-media-in-children-aged-up-to-5years-in-three-middle-eastern-countries-and-pakistan-a-multinational-retrospective-observational-study
#19
Ghulam Mustafa, Amal Y Al Aidaroos, Idris S Al Abaidani, Kinga Meszaros, Kusuma Gopala, Mehmet Ceyhan, Mohamad Al-Tannir, Rodrigo DeAntonio, Shyam Bawikar, Johannes E Schmidt
Epidemiological data on acute otitis media (AOM), an infectious disease frequently affecting children, are lacking in some countries. This study was undertaken to assess the incidence of AOM in children ≤5years in Saudi Arabia, Oman, Pakistan, and Turkey, as well as the economic burden from a parent/caregiver perspective. Medical records of 4043 children (Saudi Arabia=1023, Oman=998, Pakistan=1022, Turkey=1000) were retrospectively reviewed and the incidence of AOM episodes calculated from suspected and confirmed cases...
June 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003094/ecological-correlations-of-dietary-food-intake-and-mental-health-disorders
#20
Jordan Hoerr, Joshua Fogel, Benjamin Van Voorhees
This paper examines the ecological association of dietary food intake with mental health outcomes on the group level across countries. Published data from the World Mental Health Survey were used to compare lifetime prevalence of four categories of mental health disorders (anxiety disorders, mood disorders, impulse control disorders, and substance use disorders) with a country's fish/seafood and sugar/sweetener supply quantity using the Spearman rank correlation. Data were compared for 17 countries across the world...
March 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
journal
journal
47515
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"